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Compliments of 

(Zeiveral Mission Boa*4 



ChuvclKof the brethren 

v<d>l xxvn 

Js^inme\iF^ P 1925 

H©o 1 

Comrades, go read Christ's words again, 
They are the only hope of men; 
Love and not hate must come to birth, 
Christ and not Cain must rule the earth. 

I had walked life's way with an easy tread, 
Had followed where comforts and pleasures led, 
Until one day, in a quiet place, 
I met the Master face to face. 

I met him and knew him and blushed to see 
That his eyes full of sorrow were fixed on me. 
I faltered and fell at his feet that day, 
While my castles melted and vanished away — 

Melted and vanished, and in their place 
Not else did I see but the Master's face; 
And I cried aloud, " Ch, make me meet 
To follow the steps of thy wounded feet. 

My thought is now for the souls of men; 
I have lost my life to find it again, 
E'er since that day, in a quiet place, 
I met the Master face to face. 

:::;:;:.:.:,' i u 

*a'l'4'' l , 4''l''l'TTTT» f !f T^VXXyTTTYT 







OTHO WINGER, President, North Man- 
chester, Ind. 

J. J. YODER, Vice-President, McPherson, 

A. P. BLOUGH, Waterloo, Iowa. 
H. H. NYE, Elizabethtown, Pa. 
J. B. EMMERT, La Verne, Calif. 

CHARLES D. BONSACK, General Secretary. 

H. SPENSER MINNICH, Educational Secre- 
tary and Editor Missionary Visitor. 

M. R. ZIGLER, Home Mission Secretary. 
CLYDE M. CULP, Treasurer. 

All correspondence for the Board should be addressed to Elgin, 111. 



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the two dollars or more are given by one individual and in no way combined with 
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Kindly notice, however, that these subscription terms do not include a subscription for 
every two dollar donation, but a subscription for each donation of two dollars or more, 
no matter how large the donation. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting the 
Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, the Visitor will 
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To insure delivery of paper, prompt notice of change of address should be given. When 
asking change of address, give old address as well as new. Please order paper each year 
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Address all communications regarding subscriptions and make remittances payable to 

Entered as second class matter at the postofhce of Elgin, Illinois. 

Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in section 1103, Act of 
October 3, 1917, authorized Aug. 20, 1918. 

,+** **4hR-#****** +++ -HM-f + +**^ -++-H* ++-HR : 








Price 50c 

The best mission study book about our foreign mission 
Work ever published. 

The six chapters are as follows: 

I. How the Brethren Went Abroad. 
II. Locating Twentieth Century Disciples in India. 

III. Making Dark Places Light in India. 

IV. Locating Twentieth Century Disciples in China. 
V. Making Dark Places Light in China. 

VI. Planting the Cross in Africa. 

The book will be found ideal for classes of any age between juniors and 

It is just the thing for Church School of Mission use. 


Published Monthly by the Church of the Brethren Through Her General Mission Board 

Volume XXVII 

JANUARY, 1925 

No. 1 



Foreword, 1 

Meeting of the General Mission Board, 3 


Strategic Points and Opportunities in Village Evangelism, By J. M. 

Blough, . 4 

Educating Girls in India, By Elsie Shickel, 6 

Industrial Training with a View to Self-Support, By J. E. Wagoner, 9 

India Sunday-Schools, By Ida C. Shumaker, 11 

Training Boys pf India for Citizenship, By Fred'k M. Hollenberg 13 

The Part of Medical Missions in Evangelizing India, By Barbara 

Nickey, 15 

Africa Notes for July and August, By H. S. Kulp, 22 


Missionary News, 20 

Christian Endeavor in Germany, 20 

A Song of Peace (Poem), 21 

The Spirit of Christ, 21 


By the Evening Lamp, 23 

Nuts to Crack 24 

How They Were Judged (Poem), By Gertrude Shaffer, 25 




[The readers of the Visitor are indebted to Olive 
Widdowson for this Foreword as well as the as- 
sembling of the material for this special India 

IT may sound a little like heresy to fore- 
cast a better future for India through 
cooperation. Unless you prefixed it 
with a " non, " this word has not been liked 
by the majority of the Indian people. We 
do not always realize at the time what is 
best for us; so it has been with India in her 
efforts to better her condition. 

Formerly she was very dependent, per- 
mitting others to do for her things she 
might have done for herself if her ambi- 
tion had not been deadened by unreasonable 
rules and customs which were almost com- 

plete barriers to progress. Because of their 
general fear of evil spirits, her people have 
not searched for the minerals nor made dis- 
coveries of the wealth lurking in her soil 
as they would otherwise have done. But, 
instead of swinging over to a medium posi- 
tion, she has gone to the extreme and thinks 
she can refuse all foreign assistance. As it 
is not possible for one man to live his life 
wholly to himself, so the same is true of one 
nation among other nations. In the de- 
velopment of her resources, thus improving 
the living conditions of her people, she can- 
not go it alone. She needs to benefit by the 
experience and skill acquired by other coun- 
tries in their process of development. The 
short period of non-cooperation and boy- 


The Missionary Visitor 


Am for Cooperation 

cotting of foreign goods has not been either 
successful or satisfactory. Mr. Gandhi, 
the leader of the movement, seems to be 
wavering, and other leaders are coming for- 
ward who see a better outlook for India in 
not holding herself aloof from other coun- 
tries, thus being deprived of the benefit of 
all they may be able to contribute towards 
her progress, but think she should accept 
what has proven stepping stones- to them. 
She seems to be starting to right herself 
and get a saner view of her position as a 
country among other countries, which we 
hope will lead to cooperation. 

India is going through a period of transi- 
tion in her religious life. Unfortunately the 
Christian religion has been brought to her 
with much encrustation of western interpre- 
tation, and she has looked on and thought, 
" Here is another religion made up by men 
of another country. " It is like a ship en- 
crusted with barnacles. India has not felt 
the need of the encrustation, nor does she 
need it, but she most surely needs the good 
old ship. What is breaking through first 
to her? The life and personality of our 
Savior, for " Love is the throbbing pulse- 
beat of his own great heart. " In what a 
short time has Christ become known to 

many people in India, very imperfectly as 
yet, but they are anxious to learn more, 
and we know the actual growth in real 
Christian character is slow. An Indian who 
has caught the spirit of Christ is a marvel 
among his people, and he soon makes Christ 
known to them in language and symbol 
which they understand. The heart of the 
message must break through to them. The 
missionaries' effort to bring them to the 
Savior they need has been a persevering, 
honest effort, and the One he looks to for 
help always gives real success to his fol- 

Now cooperation is as big a word in our 
religious life in connection with our In- 
dian brethren as it is for India in her na- 
tional life among the nations. In this 
process of cooperation it is necessary for 
both sides to give over offensive nones- 
sentials and things that are sinful, and this 
is what is going on in a religious way in 
India today. If this " Perfect Example " 
(a phrase one so often hears) is to avail 
for them, the Indian people will be made 
willing to give up some practices which are 
positively sinful, to receive the cleansing 
which a loving Savior is anxious to give, and 
his instruction which they need and I be- 
lieve he will give in the usual way by "his 
consecrated disciples. Indians have been 
anxious for the effects of Christianity in 
their own lives as they have seen them in 
the lives of Christ's consecrated followers, 
but they have been trying to secure these 
effects through secular education or self- 

There are invaluable characteristics in 
India's people which help them to under- 
stand the Christian message and enjoy it 
with others, and as they experience its 
cleansing and keeping power in their own 
lives it will become their religion. Then In- 
dia will show her love for her Savior and 
joy in serving him in "her own way. The 
foreign servant of Christ will still have the 
opportunity of working and serving with 
the Indian servant, lending a helping hand 
when needed, until she realizes in her own 
experience the power that avails for all men 
for all time, and in her own heart the joy 
and peace that "passeth understanding." In- 
dia, then, will not only know Christ as a 
"Perfect Example," but also as an Indwell- 


The Missionary Visitor 

Cooperation as Seen in Action on the Dispensary Verandah 

ing Presence who "saves to the uttermost," 
and we know that " Christ's presence un- 
restrained means power unlimited. " 


The General Mission Board meets regu- 
larly four times a year — the third Wednes- 
day of April, August and December and a 
short meeting at the Annual Conference. 
All of the members of the Board were pres- 
ent at this meeting, namely, Otho Winger, 
Chairman, J. J. Yoder, Vice chairman, A. P. 
Blough, H. H. Nye, and J. B. Emmert. A 
number of visitors were at the meeting in- 
cluding I. D. Heckman, M. Clyde Horst and 
W. H. Yoder. These three men constitute 
the Home Mission Advisory Council which 
had met the day previous to advise with 
the Home Mission secretary, Brother M. R. 
Zigler, regarding home mission problems. 
Other members at the Board meeting were 
Norman Seese and Mary Schaeffer from 
China, Lillian Grisso from India and May- 
nard Cassady. 

The usual items of business such as home 
mission grants to District Mission Boards 
and appropriations for disabled ministers 
were attended to. 

South China 

The resignation of Albert Smith as a 
worker to South China was accepted and 
Brother and Sister Smith are recalled to 
America. Brother Smith reports that there 
is no adequate field for work there along 
the line of giving pastoral care. 
New China Territory 

The territory which has been occupied by 
the Church of the Brethren has been con- 
sidered scarcely large enough to permit 
the expansion of the native church which is 
hoped for and which is in sight. A ter- 
ritory just east of our mission with a pop- 
ulation of over a million people has not 
been worked because the American Board 
which had assumed this territory was un- 
able to enter it with workers. It appears 
the American Board is willing to release 
this to us and as our mission force feel this 
can be worked with native Chinese evan- 
gelists, the Board decided to assume re- 
sponsibility for this territory. 
Difficult Problems in China 

The China mission presented to the Board 
a number of problems which are very per- 
plexing to them and on which they seek 
the advice of the home Board and church. 
The Board has taken these questions un- 
der advisement and expressed its apprecia- 

(Continued on Page 8) 

The Missionary Visitor 


Strategic Points and Opportunities in Village 



the one aim of every 
mission and every 
missionary. Regardless of 
what our immediate task 
may be, its goal must be 
evangelism. Every depart- 
ment of work must be made 
to center in evangelism. To 
make Jesus Christ known 
and to bring people into 
willing obedience to him is 
our work. 

In India " Village Evangelism " is of first 
importance for the unit of life is the vil- 
lage. Nine-tenths of the people of India 
live in towns and villages, none of which 
has a population over 5,000. Out of 722,000 
towns and villages, 659,000 contain less than 
a thousand people each, and four-fifths of 
them are inhabited by 500 or fewer people. 
Here, then, is the missionary's task. " In 
these villages true India is to be found, in- 
scrutable and unchanging. " 


Throughout the whole country there is 
on an average one village in every two and 
a half square miles. In our own field there 
are nearly 3,000 villages, so he who gives 
himself to village evangelism has almost 
an unlimited opportunity before him, and 
that, too, without traveling great distances. 

Nearly all the villagers are farmers and 
illiterate. They are the common people, and 
in our district mostly aborigines who are 
animists. While most of them have been 
influenced by the Hindu caste system, they 
are socially different and without an or- 
ganized religion. Even though they are ig- 
norant and superstitious, they are open- 
hearted and willing to be taught. Practical- 
ly every village is ready to receive the Chris- 
tian preacher and listen to his message. 
There is no end to opportunity. We can go 
everywhere with the exception of a few 
Indian states. We are limited only by our 
own power. 

" Think of 7 00,000 
of these backward class- 
es right before our 
doors, who, in large 
measure, are ready for 
the Gospel! Ready, 
not because they under- 
stand — far from it — 
but because you can go 
among them and teach 
them. " 

Think of 700,000 of these 
backward classes right be- 
fore our doors, who, in 
large measure, are ready 
for the Gospel ! Ready, not 
because they understand — 
far from it — but because 
you can go among them 
and teach them. They will 
attend meetings, sit in Bi- 
ble classes and Sunday- 
school, and allow you to 
talk to them in their homes. 
Is this not a wonderful opportunity? What 
more could one wish? And if I speak for 
the Indian Christian, he can live right 
among them in their very homes, as, in fact, 
nearly all our Christians do. There is no 
lack of opportunity, only need for the 
power of the Holy Spirit in all workers and 
Christians who live among them. 

Strategic Points 

We must remember that we are fishers of 
men, and our purpose is to bring them into 
the kingdom of God through faith in the 
Lord Jesus. It is not sufficient to meet 
men, to tell them the story and pass on. 
That is not evangelism. They are to be bap- 
tized and taught to worship and obey their 

Again, we must learn to deal with men 
as we find them. We may wish they were 
different, but how can we make them dif- 
ferent until we win them? They may be 
fearful or prejudiced or indifferent or an- 
tagonistic; do not blame them, for there is 
some reason for it. We must learn to work 
with people as they are and love them re- 
gardless of their attitude. Fish are fish and 
must be caught; men are men and must 
be won. We are not successful evangelists 
unless we do win them. 

(1) Avoid giving offense. " Give no 
occasion of stumbling, either to Jews, or to 
Greeks, or to the church of God" (1 Cor. 
10:32). This is fundamental and must be 
observed. Be friendly and aim to avoid 



The Missionary Visitor 

Assembling for Love Feast in a Vyara Village 

that which will drive people away from you. 
Why make your work harder by putting 
unnecessary difficulties in the way? You 
want to win people and as quickly as pos- 
sible; hence this rule must be observed. 
Paul understood this perfectly: "I am be- 
come all things to all men, that I may by 
all means save some" (1 Cor. 9:22). Make 
yourself acceptable to the people you want 
to win. 

(2) Know your people. In order to avoid 
giving offense it is absolutely necessary 
that we know the people whom we set out 
to reach. So choose your people and study 
their ways and manners of life, their reli- 
gion, their customs, attitude, etc. Classes of 
people are very different from one another, 
so we must learn to adapt ourselves to them 
and avoid the thing that is an offense to 
them. For this reason it is impossible to 
use the same methods among all classes. 
People are different, so methods must be 

(3) Adapt your message to their compre- 
hension. Villagers are common people with 
limited knowledge and training. You want 
the message understood, so it must be sim- 
ple, that they can grasp it. The introduc- 
tion must be clever, so as to arouse inter- 
est and gain confidence. The approach to 
the message you want to give must vary 
according to the character of your people. 

Avoid difficult doctrines, but present the 
gospel of love. Every fisherman knows 
that the bait must be acceptable to the fish, 
so make it easy and attractive. 

(4) Win the leaders. There are always 
leaders in each village, and if you can reach 
them you have made it easy to reach all 
the rest of the people. Try to win these 
leaders, for they will be instrumental in 
bringing the other people in. There is the 
headman, appointed by the government, and 
others who are influential in the village, and 
if these accept your message there will be 
no difficulty with the rest. 

(5) Win the young people. It is easier 
for young people to understand and accept 
new teaching than for the old, and they can 
be more easily trained. And ordinarily 
they can help you more and longer in 
building up the church. Children should 
never be neglected. They are always the 
hope of the church. 

(6) Employ music. Indians like music, so 
give them the Gospel in song and teach 
them to sing. They tire of long sermons 
but not of music, and especially if they can 
take part in it. 

(7) Employ acceptable workers. Certain- 
ly Indian workers must be used, but choose 
them carefully, so they will not be a hin- 

(Continued on Page 14) 

The Missionary Visitor 


Educating Girls in India 

The Need of a Suitable Education for Our Girls and Plans to Meet This Need 


LET us look for a bit into the life of 
some of our Indian women. Yonder 
in the bazaar is a woman selling 
sweets, another selling vegetables, another 
making garlands of flowers. Here is a ca- 
pable woman in charge of our girls' board- 
ing school. There in the dispensary is an 
Indian nurse assisting in the work with the 
women. Yonder in the village is the wom- 
an evangelistic worker. Then there are the 
women laborers in the fields, carrying heavy 
burdens, or doing any available remunera- 
tive work. Across the way is the pardah 
woman, whose narrow life is spent in se- 
clusion, away from the eyes of men and of 
the world. Near by is a woman whose cir- 
cumstances are such that she has only the 
duties of her own household. When we fol- 
low these women into their homes we dis- 
cover that, whatever their stations in life, 
whatever the other work in which they are 
engaged, they are wives and mothers. And, 
aside from widows, this is true of prac- 
tically every normal woman in this land. 
A glimpse into some of these homes, and a 
passing glance at the unkempt, underfed 
children that throng the roads and byways 
is abundant evidence of the need of educa- 
tion for this life that is first in the ambition 
of every Indian girl. 

True enough, Christianity has had a big 
influence in the homes of its people, and 
especially in the homes of those who have 
been in some Christian school. But even 
for the women of these homes there is a 
vast need of being better fitted for the re- 
sponsibilities of home-making and mother- 
hood if the Christians of the coming gen- 
eration are to be best fitted physically and 
spiritually to lead their fellow-countrymen 
to the Christ. 

To some extent the government recognizes 
this need in girls' education in providing a 
special course of study for girls' schools. 
In this course more stress is given to sew- 
ing, health, and foods, especially after the 
third standard, or grade. Even so, are 
our schools really educating for life? Are 

we reproducing as nearly as possible the 
conditions our girls must meet when they 
go out from us, and are we helping them to 
fit into these conditions in the noblest, most 
economic, and most Christian way? 

Let us see what is really being done in our 
schools. Our girls put a great deal of time 
into studying health texts. They memorize 
page after page of the material. In the up- 
per standards they put a good part of their 
time for arithmetic on household accounts. 
They cut and make the ordinary garments 
for women and children. But when it 
comes to putting these things into every- 
day practice they seem lost. School and 
life seem to be separate and distinct for 
them. Practically none of the girls coming 
out of our sixth standard are able to cut 
and make their clothes alone. With all their 
glibness in repeating what the textbook 
says about sanitation and contagion, they 
have no working conscience on these sub- 
jects. Last year we had whooping cough 
among our girls, and also some cases of 
sore eyes. We were making every effort to 
keep these girls segregated. But the two 
groups of girls were in separate rooms in 
the same building. Upon going over at 
night to see that all was well, we found the 
girls with sore eyes out of their room and 
huddled up snugly in bed with the whoop- 
ing-cough girls, seemingly with no thought, 
whatever, that they might exchange germs. 
Again, the girls who had been studying 
household accounts for three years were 
helpless when they began to keep their own 
personal accounts this year. It is evident 
that there is need for vitalized, practical 
teaching in the courses now given in our 

True, our girls do most of the work con- 
nected with their hostels — whenever prac- 
ticable, all of it — grinding, sweeping, water 
filling, mending, sewing, cooking. And this 
is surely very valuable for them, but they 
don't get the teaching along with it that 
they need to adapt what they get to their 
home conditions. Many of the parents say 


The Missionary Visitor 

Anklesvar Boarding 

that the girls are very extravagant when 
they come home. They know how to cook 
for a hundred, but they don't know how to 
cook for a half dozen or so. This is true. 
Furthermore, they know practically nothing 
about the value of money or the cost of 
materials; hence, can't understand the 
necessity of economy that's ever present 
among India's masses. The fact of the mat- 
ter is, the whole problem of life of the bulk 
of India's people is so bound up with and 
dependent upon economic and industrial 
conditions that any attempt to raise ideals 
and standards of living must almost neces- 
sarily go hand in hand with some means of 
raising the earning capacity of the people. 
You ask what about the Bible teaching 
and the development of Christian life in 
our schools. Of course the Bible period is 
a part of every day's program. The course 
of study is followed in a perfunctory fash- 
ion. But our girls need more vitalized, sys- 
tematic Bible study, more definite Christian 
experience, and an opportunity for real 
Christian service if they are to develop a 
true Christian atmosphere and life in their 
homes and make these homes mean the 
most in the community. For it is only 
through our Christian mothers that we can 
hope to meet the big need for Christian 
leadership among the women of the com- 

School Girls at Work 

Of course, our girls that go on after leav- 
ing our boardings into the high or normal 
schools or nurses' training get a great deal 
that fits them for home-making and mother- 
hood, but they, even, get no definite work 
along this line. The fact is, in all Gujarat, 
so far as we have been able to find out, 
there is very little definite effort being made 
for practical education for women. Some 
of the girls' high schools in Bombay, es- 
pecially those for Parsee girls, conduct 
classes in foods and cookery. The govern- 
ment of Baroda State, a native state just 
north of us in Gujarat, has done a great 
deal to encourage the study of Indian foods 
and nutrition. The girls' high schools in 
this state are also conducting classes in food 
study and cooking. Aside from these, a 
Hindu institution in Ahmedabad is launch- 
ing out in this field. But nowhere has a 
well-rounded course been worked out with 
the sole purpose of preparing the girls for 
the life they are going to live. 

Many of our girls have been sent on to 
high or normal schools, not because they 
showed any particular capability for this 
work, but because they were not ready to 
be married (social conditions are such that 
it is not well for them to go back into their 
homes unmarried), and we had no further 
work for them in our schools. Our Indian 
people have repeatedly expressed the desire 


The Missionary Visitor 


that their girls might get in our schools the 
more practical, more worth-while things. 

For some years our mission had been 
awake to this situation. Some of our mis- 
sionaries had done some worth-while think- 
ing and planning, with the hope of getting 
something worked out in a few years. Then 
last year the financial strain came. We felt 
we must cut expenses everywhere possible, 
so we could not give as many scholarships 
as heretofore. Furthermore, the mission is 
requiring a higher standard of work than 
heretofore from those who receive scholar- 
ships. We found that at the end of the 
school year we would have a number of 
girls from whom we had no school work and 
no other work. It was imperative that we 
meet this need somehow. 

The story of developments from this sit- 
uation is intensely interesting, but the re- 
sult is what concerns us here. In February, 
1924, we began, here at Anklesvar, a spe- 
cial course which we've termed practical 
arts, for want of a better name. The pur- 
pose of this course is to fit our girls for the 
richest, most effective Christian life in the 
home, church, and community. The girls 
taking this course have classes in Bible, mis- 
sions, Sunday-school teacher training, 
ethics, child study, health and care of the 
sick, foods, cookery, expressional activities 
in the home, school, and community life. 
Aside from her classwork each girl spends 
several hours per day in gardening, sewing, 
laundering, crocheting, which help to pay 
her expenses. Then, too, the girls take care 
of all the work in connection with their 
school home. In order to reproduce home 
conditions as nearly as possible and give the 
girls worth-while experience in home life, 
we are using the cottage plan for the living 
arrangements of these girls. They live as a 
family. Each month they choose one of 
their number to have charge of providing 
for the group, and taking care of the gen- 
eral accounts. Another is chosen to look 
after the household duties and their appor- 
tionment among the members of the group. 
In this way all of the girls get experience in 
the different tasks of the household. Each 
girl is responsible for her personal account, 
showing earnings and expenditures. A tithe 
of each girl's earnings is put into her hands 
to give as she chooses for religious work. 

Also, each girl is assigned some practical 
Christian work for which she is responsible. 

We plan to make this a two years' course, 
and hope that most of our girls will take 
this work, even those who plan to go into 
some special training later. We believe that 
through a close personal touch we can help 
the girls to discover themselves and their 
possibilities, and lead them into a desire to 
use all that they have and are for God's 
glory and for the promotion of his kingdom. 

This work is largely an experiment, so far 
as India is concerned. We are having to do 
a good deal of the teaching ourselves since 
we haven't Indian people prepared to handle 
it, and have very little subject matter in 
Gujarati. Our plans are all tentative, sub- 
ject to change as we get experience and as 
we grow into the work. The government 
inspectors have shown special interest in 
this project, and have given very helpful 
suggestions for working out the course and 
for finding material in Gujarati. Our only 
object is to give at least some of India's 
girls and women the most worth-while 
Christian education, not only in our spe- 
cial course, but throughout our boarding 
schools. As the years go by, and as we de- 
velop teachers with vision and ability to 
launch out into practical education, it is our 
purpose and prayer that the work in our 
elementary schools, also, may be only such 
as is of real value in life and may be worked 
out in actual life conditions. 

We need your interest, we need your 
prayers, that the Father may definitely di- 
rect, as we meet the problems of girls' edu- 
cation here, that India's " daughters may be 
as corner-stones, polished after the simili- 
tude of a palace. " 


(Continued from Page 3) 

tion to the mission for their confidence in 
giving information regarding the matters 
which are delicate over there. 
China Furloughs 

Brother F. H. Crumpacker, who is now 
on his way home for furlough, coming by 
the way of our India Mission was granted 
an extra year at home in order to have 
time to mingle among .the churches. 

(Continued on Page 18) 


The Missionary Visitor 

Industrial Training with a View to Self -Support 


IN a sense all industrial training is giv- 
en with a view to self-support, or if 
there is already self-support, to in- 
crease the efficiency and earning capacity. 
But in India there are so many who are not 
self-supporting, as we understand the term, 
that we consider ourselves as a long way 
toward our goal when they can be said to 
be supporting themselves. 

In the past, and up into the present, a 
great many of those who became Chris- 
tians, and those who received any kind of 
training at the hands of the mission, were 
taken into mission employ. And we may 
suspect that there are still some who be- 
come Christians for no other purpose than 
that they may receive work and support. 

However, it must be evident to any think- 
ing mind that such a condition can not con- 
tinue to exist indefinitely. There must come 
a time when foreign men and foreign 
money must be withdrawn ; when the 
church will become an integral part of 
God's plan for the evangelization of the 
rest of the world. And in order that this 
may be accomplished there must be given 
training that will enable them to support 

Two ideas of industrial training prevail. 
One is to train and equip men so that they 
will be more efficient in our service. This 
is fine, and just the thing, so long as WE 
remain on the field. The other is to train 
them so that they will be efficient in the 
service of others, or, more important, of 
themselves. The first we have been trying 
to do. The second is at our doors. The 
first must decrease ; the second, increase. 
Now, how can this be done? Or, how do 
we propose to do it? 

As an example, let us take agriculture. 
We have done this way : A gardener has 
been in charge of the field work. He has 
told the boys what to do, and when to do it. 
And they with more or less zeal have fol- 
lowed instructions. And undoubtedly, if this 
be kept up for a term of years, the boys 
will get into the habit, and, where possible, 
do the same way in their own fields. It is 
the method we used to follow on the farms 

in the States. If the father did a certain 
way, so did the son. The father plowed 
his ground three inches deep. The boy fol- 
lowed in his footsteps. If he plowed six or 
eight inches, the boy also did so. Like the 
father who was a Republican or a Demo- 
crat, the boy was the same, and for no 
other reason. He needed no other. What 
the father did was right. Therefore! And 
so we can teach some of this work by an 
example. The boys will follow in the foot- 
steps of the teacher. And if the boy were 
ever to work for the teacher who would al- 
ways tell him what to do, and when, and 
then give him his support for this service, 
this might be called sufficient. But the day 
he goes out to work for himself he needs 
something in addition. And the additional 
thing is this : he needs to know WHY. He 
needs to know the difference between the 
cost of production and the value of the 
product. And he needs to know whether 
that difference spells self-support or wheth- 
er it spells poverty. 

A good many years ago I wanted to put 
out a melon patch. I had heard that ma- 
nure put into the hills was of great value. 
Now to me manure was manure. I took 
some from the stable, nice and fresh. I 
dug a splendid hole, put the manure into it, 
covered it over with good soil and planted 
the seed. This seed germinated and came 
up. For a week it grew splendidly. Then 
it died. It was several years before I knew 
the reason. But it would have meant dol- 
lars to me then. 

Something like this is what I mean when 
I say that they need to know the WHY. 
In pursuance of this idea we tried a year 
ago to plan a garden which would show 
such results. In general the plan was as 
follows : The garden was divided into plots. 
Into one section a heavy allowance of ma- 
nure was put. Into another, half the 
amount. In a third we used commercial 
fertilizer. One such group of three was ir- 
rigated every week but with very little 
cultivation. Another was irrigated every 
two weeks, but was given pretty thorough 
cultivation in between. We wanted to learn 


The Missionary Visitor r 


John Paul and the Office Desk He Made 

what effect cultivation had on the crop, 
and the amount of water necessary for the 
crop ; what manure had to do with the prod- 
uct, and whether it would pay to use com- 
mercial fertilizer. I am convinced that the 
theory is sound. But, truth to tell, the re- 
sults were disappointing. We might make 
a lot of excuses, but here we will only con- 
fess that it was perhaps the Sahib's fault. 
This sort of thing needs very close super- 
vision if the results are to be considered 
worth-while. We plan to try it out in parts 
now, when we hope the results will be more 
gratifying. But, clearly, there is little use 
in being a farmer if the crop costs more in 
producing than can be received in market- 

Or let us look at carpentry. Here the 
same two ideas prevail. Men have been 
trained in the mission with the idea that 
when the training was finished they were 
to be given work by the mission, and usual- 
ly, by the day, but sometimes by the job. 
This, again, is splendid, for both parties, 
as long as the mission can use the men and 
boys that she trains. But, obviously, such 
a condition cannot remain forever. And if 
the man is to go out for himself, then he 
must know the cost of material; the 
amount used in constructing the table, desk, 
chair, wagon or whatever; the price of the 

finished product, and whether or not he can 
live on the difference. And if he can not do 
so it is up to him to choose some other oc- 
cupation, or to make himself more efficient 
in this one. 

With this idea in view we are endeavoring 
to remodel our course in industrial training. 
The drawing needs to be revised; that which 
is practicable and useful to be kept and em- 
phasized, the rest to be discarded. Those 
in training will be expected to know every 
piece of timber that goes into a piece of 
furniture, for example, the number of board 
feet required to build it, the probable cost 
of material and the usual selling price. 
Knowing this I strongly suspect that some 
who have the mind to become carpenters 
will be tempted to take up another line of 
work. But if they are not able to work 
fast enough, so that they can live on the 
difference between the material cost and the 
value of the finished product, then they 
should know it, and choose some occupation 
in which they will be able to do this. There 
is also a value in this for the mission. It 
will enable the student to know the value 
of the material he is using, and so gain some 
idea of what it is costing the mission to train 
him. And it ought to make him more ap- 
preciative. Wood is not a free gift in this 


The Missionary Visitor 


We must say, however, that all this is 
not worked out as yet. But we are trying to 
do so on these principles. The boy in the 
picture has made this desk himself, with 
some supervision from the teacher. What 
he does not know is how to make a drawing 
showing all its parts. I mean a drawing 
before the work is started. He does not 
know the cost of the material. But it is es- 
sential that he learn these things; that he 
be able to make a plan, a drawing to scale, 
showing each and every part with the cost 
at present lumber prices. Also what such 

a desk would bring in the market that is 
not mission. Then how long it will take 
him to do the work involved. If it can be 
done in two weeks he can support himself 
by it. But if it takes four weeks, and he 
cannot improve or lessen that time, then 
he should not try to make desks. But our 
task is to so train him that he will be able 
to do the work, in a thorough and finished 
manner, in such a time that he will be re- 
ceiving self-supporting and self-respecting 

India Sunday Schools 

Their Development and Part in Our Evangelistic Effort 


IF you refer to the latest statistics from 
India you will know about our India 
Sunday-schools from that angle. If you 
examine more closely you will find a few 
as nearly up to date as can be under the 
conditions here, as elsewhere, yet ther i is 
always " room for improvement. " 

Then again you will find our Sunday- 
schools as varied and as different as there 
are classes and conditions; but, everywhere, 
you will find the CHILD just as responsive, 
lovable and teachable as you will find any- 
where (if not more so) if he has had a 
chance. As Dr. Poole says, " The whitest 
part of the white harvest is the childhood 
of the world, " and it is certainly true of 
our India. Therefore our Christian educa- 
tion must center about the CHILD. We 
must place " the CHILD in the midst " 
where Christ placed him. We must build 
our program around childhood and change 
the emphasis from adult to youth and claim 
life at its beginning rather than try to re- 
claim it at the end. We must choose be- 
tween tending lambs or hunting for stray 
sheep, for " the best and most natural way 
for a child to enter into his spiritual herit- 
age is to grow into it gradually from the 
beginning. Only those ideals which have 
been built into the structure of character 
from childhood later become the dynamic 
and dependable factors in his life. " And, 
as our own Dr. Kurtz said at Glasgow, 

" The supreme task of the race is the edu- 
cation of childhood. But the problem is 
to get the grown-ups to behave long enough 
for the task to be completed. " 

Since it is well known that " Christ's re- 
ligion is distinguished by its regard for chil- 
dren, and there is no known substitute for 
Christianity as an instrument for training 
Christian character, " we must pay greater 
attention to the education of the young peo- 
ple and children in Christian stewardship. 
It is reported that there is no single religion 
in the world whose followers give so little 
for the propagation of their faith as those 
who follow the religion of Jesus Christ. It 
is our duty to train our children that pro- 
portionate, regular and systematic giving 
should be the rule instead of the exception. 
By such means strong, Christian character 
will be developed. 

A great educator urged : " Let us live for 
the children. " One of our greatest objects 
in all our Sunday-school work must be to 
find out how best we can give effect to that 
principle. It is the call of the CHILD that 
summons every true worker to the task 
of bringing the child to its highest and 
truest development. This is our most im- 
portant business. 

If India is to be won for Christ it must be 
through the children. Herein lies our hope 
— our opportunity. To win these children 
is our aim — our gigantic task, for India 


The Missionary Visitor 


needs Christ. Mr. Jacobs (an Indian) said: 
"The whole of India is, in a measure, feeling 
that Christ and Christ alone can meet the 
needs and solve the difficulties. " 

More Sunday-schools must be organized 
for the teaching of these children until 
there is a school for the teaching of Christ's 
evangelical truth — his evangelical message — 
within reach of every child. It must so ex- 
pand to reach wherever the hunger of the 
child-soul is not yet satisfied with the 
Bread of Life. My dear reader, are you 
making this possible? When we do this 
we are in line with the manifest will of 
Christ and are carrying forward on earth 
the witness of his example. 

Big as the undertaking is it MUST be 
done! What are our marching orders? 
What is our commission? The call of the 
Master is loud and long and clear in its 
urgency: "Go ye therefore and teach"! 
What section of humanity is more teachable 
than youth? And "The youth of India is 
at our doors ! " Its magnitude staggers us 
when we know that out of the vast popu- 
lation of India there are 100 million young 
people. Ten million are in schools and only 
one million in Christian schools and Sun- 
day-schools. Think what it would mean if 
this vast army of young people were trained 
in the faith and morals of Christianity, as 
set forth in the Holy Scriptures ! They are 
open to the forces about them, but are not 
being reached by Christian agencies. May 
we dare to hope that we are now facing the 
darkest hour just before the dawn? Are 
YOU ready to do the part for which YOU 
are responsible? For the only way out of 
this dense darkness and present unrest is by 
way of the cross. 

Every Christian in India must be chal- 
lenged to this great task! All of them 
must be led into and trained for this teach- 
ing ministry. There is GREAT NEED to 
imbue the Christian forces of India with 
the true missionary spirit. Can YOU figure 
out as you read, just what YOUR part is 
in this service? Our Captain has com- 
manded us and in his strength and power 
we MUST GO FORTH and DO it. We must 
teach, Teach, TEACH the Gospel of Je- 
sus Christ. 

Indigenous lesson courses and literature 
must be properly developed so that the 

teaching process and methods may be 
suited to the various needs, for, " we can- 
not dress Christianity and Christian teach- 
ing in Western clothes and take it to the 
East and make it popular. It would seem 
like the propagation of something from 
abroad into the national life. 

Neither can we build a Sunday-school out 
of a program of textbooks. There is only 
one Infallible Book— the indestructible Word 
of God. The Bible is given us to teach us 
the way to God, and the Sunday-school 
exists to give the children the message of 
the Bible, which is the message of Christ. 
We must train the children to form the 
habit of daily Bible reading and systematic 
study and to memorize portions of it. 

We are glad to . note that we do see 
changes in the Indian life, and one is that 
many more people are buying Bibles than 
formerly and are reading them. We are 
glad to " give honor to whom honor is due," 
for much of this awakened interest in 
reading the Bible is due to Mr. Gandhi. 

Another vital need in our Sunday-schools 
is trained workers. There must be a more 
thorough training in leadership if our work 
is to move forward as in other lands. It 
was reported at Glasgow that the average 
grade of teachers is lower than in almost 
any other country with which the dele- 
gates of the convention are familiar. We 
hope for better leadership in the future, for 
this great need is slowly being met by the 
starting of regular training schools at vari- 
ous places all over India. We dare not be 
satisfied with what we have — the good — we 
must reach forward and get the best, for 
there are better things in store for those 
who will dare to make the venture of faith. 

Rev. R. M. Hopkins told us that "a 
dollar or a day spent in character formation 
is worth a hundred dollars or a hundred 
days. " We must ever keep before us the 
ideal of childhood : " And the child grew and 
waxed strong in spirit, filled with wisdom: 
and the grace of God was upon him" 
(Luke 2:40). Children grow in grace as 
they grow in the knowledge of our Lord 
and Savior Jesus Christ. Can you hear this 
sweet whisper? "Place it for me in the 
heart of a child. " 

Will YOU do it? 


The Missionary Visitor 


Training Boys of India for Citizenship 


A CITIZEN of any country is not mere- 
ly a dweller of that land, nor is he 
necessarily a politician ; but in the 
broader sense he is one who can enter into 
the affairs of his country in such a way as 
to make a contribution, in cooperation with 
others, to the general welfare of his coun- 

The charge has been brought against the 
Indian Christian that missionary influence 
has denationalized him and alienated his af- 
fections from his mother country. Be the 
charge true or false, where there is smoke 
there is likely to be a fire, too. 

Now what are the things in India life and 
character that are obstacles to a rounded- 
out life of service? For, without the ideal 
of service, citizenship loses its motive pow- 
er and throws us back into the state where 
" every man is for himself and the devil 
takes the hindmost. " I will name a few 
things which I feel are marked obstacles. 
They are, indifference to one's surround- 
ing and others; one-sidedness of training 
and life; timidity and evasiveness; lack of 
confidence in one's ability, coupled with a 
great desire for honor, and non-cooperation. 
Let me illustrate the bearing these have 
on citizenship. Indifference is manifest in 
all things that are for civic betterment. The 
rubbish and manure are thrown down only 
a little way from the door, and there is no 
thought of beautifying the house and yard. 
In disease and sickness the unfortunate ones 
are left to shift for themselves. If a thief 
or robber is known to be in a house or vil- 
lage, people flee for their lives rather than 
try to catch him. If a horse's leg is broken, 
and even though the ends of the bones are 
protruding, he is not put out of his misery, 
but is allowed to struggle around until 
blood poisoning sets in. If the village head- 
man does not do his work properly — well, 
what is the difference? "It is his work, 
not mine. " 

The Indian training has been one-sided, 
and we might as well say his life is one- 
sided. A teacher can do nothing but teach; 
a carpenter nothing but carpenter's work, 
and if he ventures to do something else it 

is a disgrace to him. This is due partly to 
the India thought and partly to the training 
which has been given to the people. 

The characteristics of timidity and eva- 
siveness are probably due in a way to the 
climatic conditions which take the daring 
and spirit out of a man, and they are part- 
ly due to the religion which gives no incen- 
tive to a man. There is no adequate reason 
for them to face issues squarely; not enough 
of import depending on a solution of the 

There is lack of confidence in one's abili- 
ty to do a task. He likes for others to think 
that he can do wonders, and he likes to 
have the honor, but in his heart he doubts 
whether he really could accomplish the 
task if he tried. His parents have never 
done such a thing, brothers and sisters never 
attempted such a thing; then why should 
he attempt the impossible? He is getting 
along fairly well. He has food and raiment 
(not very good, true, but it will do), and so 
he is content. 

Of all people who might attempt the prac- 
tice of non-cooperation the Indian mind is 
best fitted to do so. It is so much easier to 
not do than to do; so much easier to let 
some one else do the work, to do the think- 
ing, to do everything. His religion and the 
climate foster such ideals. All he asks is 
to be left alone ; other people can do as they 
wish, but he wishes to go on in his own 

Now how is the seemingly impossible to be 
accomplished? It will not be done in one 
generation. Foreign resources will not de- 
velop the Indian into a man who takes a 
whole-hearted interest in his country. Chil- 
dren who go through schools under foreign 
influence, as a rule lose touch with the na- 
tive life. They become sort of hybrids. A 
person must be taught to make the best of 
his surroundings, no matter how meager or 
stinted his condition. He must do things 
himself, and by that very act he accomplish- 
es something on his own initiative which 
makes him a bigger man. Two boys had a 
box in partnership, and as the box was 
large they got the idea that there might as 


The Missionary Visitor 


well be two boxes as one, and then each 
would have his own box. They came to me 
and wanted me to fix up the box- for them. 
I had fixed up a couple before, and so they 
wanted me to fix up theirs. I was busy and 
their boxes did not materialize. Then one 
day they said : "If you are not going to fix 
up the boxes we'll do it." So they took the 
wood-saw and cut the box in two. It was a 
bit crooked sawing, but the box got in two. 
Then they got some boards and began to 
fill up the ends. It was not a very fine job 
that they did, but they accomplished some- 
thing which was a real personal gain. So 
I say we must in some way arrange affairs 
so the boys will come up against the prob- 
lems of life and have to find a way of solv- 
ing them for themselves. We cannot build 
except on past experiences and accomplish- 
ments, and the boys must be forced to do 
these things if they do not of themselves 
seek them. By forced I mean attending cir- 
cumstances and desires must make it im- 
possible for them to rely on some one else. 

The Boy Scout movement has its back- 
ground in such an ideal. Many find fault 
with some things in the movement, but it is 
an endeavor to develop in the boy resource- 
fulness, confidence and reliability. These 
things cannot be developed by teaching or 
moralizing, but must be an outgrowth of 
the actual life of the boy. Games and con- 
tests must be instituted which will free the 
personality from the bonds which have so 
long bound them. Activities must be used 
which will make the life of the boy a real 
worth-while life. He must learn to respect 
the authority of some one who is over him, 
learn to cooperate with others in a given 
task, and learn to lead others and still be 
one of them. He can accomplish these 
things only as he meets conditions which 
call for an all-round experience. Self-gov- 
erning activities must take the place of im- 
posed ones, and suggestions from the boys 
must be the basis for future work. 

The family ties and Indian life must be 
retained to keep his connection with the 
best of the past. From Indian life and re- 
lationships he must be taught to evolve for 
himself those things which will go to make 
up real life. There are some things which 
he will have to reject, but when he has to 
reject something it must be with an ideal 

in view. A breaking away from the past 
without a high sustaining ideal is Bolshe- 
vism. So the boy must be taught to respect 
Indian manners and customs, to love the 
activities of his people. He must be taught 
by all his activities to weigh all problems, 
and unless there is sufficient reason for a 
change the old should be retained. 

Our education for the Indian boy must be 
such as will emphasize the immediate and 
tangible. Things which he has never seen 
or experienced have no place in his life. 
Our education must be built on things which 
form a part of his daily life and interest. 
He must be led to build out of his own 
thought and life a character which will 
steer him safely through future years. As 
a sapling is bent, so will be the tree. The 
boy's early education gives him the bent 
which will make a real man out of him or a 
parasite on society. Our schools must not 
be places of giving information, but places 
for learning to solve life's problems, by 
living through life's real experiences and 
taking an active part in trying to meet 

Then above all, training for citizenship in- 
volves experiencing a real heart life and 
contact with the Master. If there is not 
this vital, close contact in childhood, the 
child will never become a fully-developed 
man. " Christ came that we might have 
life, and that we might have it more 
abundantly. " The abundant life in all 
things will make a man who is a true serv- 
ant of God and an all-round helper to his 
people. & & 


(Continued from Page 5) 
drance. They also must avoid giving of- 
fense. Generally speaking, workers can 
work best among their own people. 

(8) Put people to work. People become 
more interested if given something to do. 
Make them believe that they are needed 
and wanted. Have them invite others to 
meetings. As soon as you can, appoint a 
committee to look after the Christian in- 
terests of the village. Make them feel re- 
sponsible for their village. 

Now these are only hints. Of course, 
every one knows that no strategy succeeds 
without prayer and the power of the Spirit. 


The Missionary Visitor 


The Part of Medical Missions in Evangelizing India 


FULFILLING Christ's ministry. Much 
of the record of our Lord's life here 
upon earth is taken up by telling of 
his ministry to the physical needs of men. 
How much of his time must have been tak- 
en up in this ministry of bringing abundant 
life to the needy ones about him, showing 
his sufficiency and interest in ever}- human 
need, physical and spiritual! 

He touched and cleansed and restored to 
society the leper who previously cried " Un- 
clean, unclean " to all who came near. He 
restored to the ranks of the bread earners 
the sick, the lame and the palsied. He gave 
of the wonderful things God had made, and 
saved from the ranks of the dependent 
those who were blind beggars. 

He sent out the twelve on the same mis- 
sion of preaching and healing. Again he 
sent out the seventy on this same divine 
mission of ridding the world of evil, and the 
marks of sin as seen in suffering humani- 

Much of his teaching emphasized the fact 
that our service to God is made manifest 
through our love and ministry to our fel- 
low-men. In his picture of the great day 
when the righteous shall be separated from 
the unrighteous the King 
shall call those on his right 
hand " Blessed of my Fa- 
ther, " and shall invite them 
to share the inheritance, be- 
cause " I was hungry and 
you gave me to eat ; I was 
thirsty and you gave me to 
drink; I was a stranger and 
you took me in, naked and 
you clothed me, I was sick 
and you visited me, I was in 
prison and you came unto 
me. " The righteous say, 
"When saw we thee thus? " 
and his great reply is that 
" inasmuch as ye have done 
it unto one of these my 
brethren, even these least, 
ye did it unto me. " And 
those on the left hand shall 

hear that sad word, "Depart into everlasting 
punishment, for I was in need of ministry 
and ye did not minister unto me. " I can 
imagine them saying in great surprise, 
"When saw we thee in need? If we had 
ever seen thee in need we would gladly have 
ministered unto thee. " The Lord replies, 
" Inasmuch as you did it not unto one of 
these least, ye did it not to me. " 

A demonstration of the Christian princi- 
ples of love and service. True, government 
provides comparatively well for medical 
help. Yet many of the physicians in charge 
of government dispensaries are inadequate- 
ly trained, and do not have a desire to serve 
the people. A low-caste man from near the 
government dispensary came to us to have 
a tooth pulled. I asked why he had not had 
the government doctor pull it. He said he 
would not pull his tooth, meaning that be- 
cause he was low caste the government doc- 
tor would not touch him and become de- 
filed. The fact that the missionary doctor 
touches and ministers to all classes alike 
makes a new appeal to the low-caste pa- 
tient, and to the thoughtful, open-minded 
high-caste patient. Though they them- 
selves would not touch the low-caste patient, 
they recognize the spirit of brotherhood that 
causes one to show the same love and per- 
sonal interest to an untouchable as to a 
high-caste person. 

The medical missionaries have a keen 
personal interest in their patients. For 
every patient to them is one who needs a 
glimpse of the Light and Life of men, as 
well as he needs physical help. We long 
that they may see something of him in us. 
If our life and service show nothing of him, 
our words about him are surely empty and 

It is in the proportion that Christian in- 
fluence has permeated society, that kindness 
and helpfulness are shown to the sick. 
Often illness is regarded as a possession of 
the body by evil spirits, or as a result of 
some misdemeanor, and consequently severi- 
ty and forms of torture are resorted to. Al- 
so, frequently the sick one suffers more from 


The Missionary Visitor 


The Dahanu Dispensary 

the ignorant treatment received than from 
the disease. Many patients are shut up in 
an absolutely dark room with no ventilation, 
and allowed very little water or nourishing 
food. How a bit of fresh air, light and suf- 
ficient water would add to the comfort of 
the patient, beside the healing effects they 
would have! The kindness and efforts of 
the missionary to bring comfort are a mes- 
sage that touches hearts. In difficult cases 
the untiring, faithful efforts and self-sacri- 
fice of the missionary are a revelation of 

the extent of Christian love and service, and 
family friends have remarked, " There must 
be something in your religion that makes 
you willing to do this for us, who are 
strangers to you. " 

An opportunity to teach. There used to 
be an idea that medical missions were large- 
ly to be used as a bait to get hold of peo- 
ple and preach to them. Any method that 
accomplished this was sufficient, whether it 
brought adequate ministry to the physical 
needs of the community or not. The ap- 

Visitors at the Dispensary. The Woman Sitting Is Said to Be Possessed With an Evil Spirit 


The Missionary Visitor 


The Hospital Annex 

This man had a badly infected leg. His friend carried him to the Dahanu 
Dispensary and begged us to keep him for treatment. We had no available 
room, but said if they would put up a hut for him we would treat him. This is 
the hut or hospital annex with the patient and his family. He improved nicely 
and walked away when he left. 

plication of Christ's own example and teach- 
ing will clear our mind of any such idea. 
To work with that as a motive is unworthy. 
To use the opportunity to minister to the 
fullest extent possible to the needs of man, 
physical and spiritual, is to follow the foot- 
steps of our Master. In the incident of the 
Good Samaritan the neighbor of the man 
who fell among thieves was not the man 
who preached him a sermon because he had 
him there, but the man who poured in the 
healing antiseptic and dressed the wounds 
and took the patient to a place where his 
needs would be attended to. The medical 
mission recognizes the spiritual need as well 
as the physical need. It is abundant life, 
present and eternal, that it seeks to bring to 
those it reaches. It is God the Giver of 
physical life, who also is the Giver of eternal 
life, through Jesus Christ, who is the Way, 
the Truth and the Life. The ministry to 
the physical gives many an opportunity to 
point the way to spiritual life. It opens the 
door of many a closed heart. 

The most fruitful place for evangelistic 
work is in the hospital. Here, day after 
day, the patient can get the consecutive 
story of the Gospel. He has plenty of time 
to think. He has a demonstration of what 
Christianity means in those who are min- 
istering to him. Those who can read get 

still more knowledge of the truth through 
the printed page. Time and again have we 
seen keen interest in the truth awakened 
in the inpatients. Again, it has been just 
as keen a joy to see quickening of spiritual 
life in those who are professed followers of 
our Lord, while they are in the hospital. 
We try to choose lessons suitable to the 
individual cases in our personal work. 
Most of the Christians appreciate very much 
the Christian fellowship and inspirational 
uplift that come at a time like this. Nat- 
urally when the heart is distressed it turns 
more easily to the Source of all comfort. 

While at Bulsar we had a Parsee lady pa- 
tient who enjoyed reading. She read the 
Gospels and at the Sunday hospital service 
enjoyed the Christian songs so much that 
she asked for the hymn book and read it 
through. She was much impressed by the 
message of Christ the Savior. She said 
their religion offered no salvation from sin. 
She said she believed, but would not dare 
become a Christian, because of persecution 
she would have to endure. 

A Hindu young man who was a school- 
teacher was in the hospital. He was much 
interested and enjoyed reading Christian 
literature. His aunt came to visit him and 
attended the Sunday hospital services. She 
was much interested and gladly talked 


The Missionary Visitor 


Ths Medical Staff 

about spiritual things. She invited us to 
visit in her home. The evangelistic mission- 
ary and I called upon her one evening. We 
had a hearty welcome to the village and 
were able to give more testimony to her and 
her neighbors concerning the peace which 
Christ gives. What the harvest will be we 
do not know, but preparation of soil and 
seed sowing precede the harvest. 

To make friends and open communities 
otherwise closed to Christian influence. 
There are communities where anything 
that is Christian is regarded as defilement 
and to be abhorred. In one such village at 
a time of great need the medical missionary 
was called in and the necessary help given. 
Later others from the village called at the 
dispensary, and other times the doctor was 
invited into homes. I was in one such vil- 
lage, and numbers of high-caste women 
crowded in to see, and talked in a friendly 
manner, and became friends. They got a 
personal experience of contact with Chris- 
tianity and learned that the Christian is a 
friend in needy times, and friendly at all 
times. We hope the day will come when 
they will experience the joy of Christ for 


(Continued from Page 8) 

Furloughs for 1926 were granted to O. C. 
Sollenberger and wife, Dr. Fred Wampler 
and wife, M. M. Myers and wife, J. H. 
Bright and wife and Sisters Ullom and 
Hutchison. There will be an unusual num- 
ber on furlough in 1926 because of the un- 
usual number which went out to the field 
in 1919. 
Furloughs for India Missionaries 

Furloughs for 1926 were granted to Sis- 
ters Sadie Miller, Verna Blickenstaff, Anna 
Brumbaugh, B. F. Summer and wife, Arthur 
Miller and wife and C. G. Shull and wife. 
Sara Replogle is granted a furlough for 
1925 on account of illness. Ida C. Shumaker, 
whose furlough comes in 1925, will come a 
couple of months earlier in order to plan for 
something extra good in the line of the 
India exhibit for the Winona Conference. 
Medical Examinations for Missionaries 

Because of a great deal of sickness among 

the missionaries, a committee was appointed 

to make a thorough investigation regarding 

the health examinations for prospective as 

(Continued on Page 20) 


The Missionary Visitor 
Statistical Report From India for Year 1923 


This report ordinarily published in the June Visitor is published here because it 
was not possible to publish it last June. 

I. Stations. Their Equipment and Force of Workers 

1. Name of District 

Gujarati — First District 

Marathi— Second District 

2. Name of Statioa 

3. Date of opening, 

4. Staff, American 

5. Staff, American 

6. Staff, Indian men, 

7. Staff, Indian 

8. Churchhouses, ... 

9. Schoolhouses, 

10. Bungalows, 

11. Land, area acres, 

12. Land under 

13. Value of land ($), 

14. Value of equip- 
ment, buildings, 
etc. ($) J 

15. Evangelists, men, 

16. Evangelists, Bible 

17. Villages occupied, 

18. Villages to be 

19. Population to be | 

20. Families in homes 
owned by mission, 

21. Christian families | 
in their own 
homes I 

1899 | 1894 | 1899 








1906 I 1905 

11,6001 4,000 









I I 

34,600| 55,000| 18,000 

31 3| 4 

I I 

151 21 1 

15 1 7\ 16 

I I 

38SI 320 

| 1904 

160| 15 
3,667i 1,000 






1902 | 1905 | 1921 | 
2 1 






227,173 352,000 

















15,0001 21,0001 17,000| 4,667 










17,000 3,000 445 20,445 41,912] 




| 142 




| 653 





40,000 94v000| 347,500 





















313/ 8 







II. Indian Church Statistics for 1923. 

1. Name of District 

I Gujarati — First Dist. 

Marathi — 
Second Dist. 

2. Name of station, 

3. Organized churches 

4. No. baptized, 

5. Received by letter, 

6. Dismissed by letter 

7. Died, 

8. Disowned, 

9. Reinstated, 

10. Ministers — Indian, 

11. Ministers — American, 

12. Deacons, 

13. Members at end of year, | 

14. Contributions in dollars (not stated elsewhere). 



7\ 11 

800 | 191 

| 211] 66 






127| 370(1201 
20[ 43] 50 

































The Missionary Visitor 




The editor invites helpful contributions for this department 
of the Visitor 



The Washington Missionary Conference. 

— This great Christian Council, to be held 
Jan. 28 to Feb. 2, 1925, will be attended and 
addressed by Christian ambassadors from 
several countries. The attendance is limited 
to 5,000 people. The Church of the Breth- 
ren is entitled to forty-eight delegates. It 
is regretted that we cannot have more 
seats accorded to us, but each denomina- 
tion is allotted space on the basis of its size 
and missionary endeavor. 

It is timely that such a conference should 
be called. Not for a quarter of a century 
has such a gathering assembled on this 
side of the Atlantic. In 1900 the Ecumen- 
ical Conference was held in New York. It 
is fifteen years since the now historic Edin- 
burgh World Missionary Conference. Many 
changes have come in the world since that 
conference. It is timely, indeed, that the 
Christian forces should take stock of their 
present position in world missionary 

Sister Gertrude Emmert, who went to 
India as a missionary in 1904, finished her 
labors on earth Nov. 7. For a number of 
years Sister Emmert was prevented from 
active service on account of illness. Broth- 
er and Sister Emmert and family have been 
living at La Verne, Calif., where Sister 
Emmert died. 

The Mission Deficit on Nov. 29 stood at 
$27,726.59. One month before this date the 
deficit amounted to approximately $36,000, 
and two months previous to this date the 
deficit was $43,000. By a greatly curtailed 
program the mission cause will get on its 
feet again. Mission receipts for November, 
1924, were about $900 more than for Novem- 
ber, 1923. Expenditures for November, 1924, 
were $16,597, while in 1923 they were $23,744. 

As was announced several months ago, 
the India Mission sent a reduction commit- 
tee around to every station to determine 
what could be dispensed with in order to 
lessen the expense. We have learned 

through indirect channels of the great 
heartaches coming to some of the India 
workers. Instead of a committee to help 
them expand the work for which they give 
their lives, a committee, has to come to plan 
to curtail the work. 

The Sunday-schools of the Brotherhood 
have done good work in assisting in raising 
the missionary money. The appeal is made 
for all schools to continue their good work 
throughout 1925. A series of short MIS- 
SION FACT leaflets are being published 
each month, and these will be splendid for 
use in distributing the Sunday before the 
offering. The little coin envelopes are still 
available and will be sent free to any Sun- 
day-school. Order enough so that every 
member of the school can use them. 


(Continued from Page 18) 

well as present missionaries and to learn 
of any health safeguards which may be 
thrown around the missionaries. 
More Information from the Mission Fields 

The China mission proposed a plan where- 
by more information concerning their work 
could be made available for the home 
church. The Board authorized the mission 
rooms to arrange with the China mission 
for the giving out of this information to 
the home church. 
India Land Loans 

Because the native India church is hin- 
dered for lack of a membership that is fi- 
nancially able to assume responsibility for 
the work, the India mission is seeking ways 
and means of helping the worthy Christians 
to be more independent financially. Many of 
our worthy Christians are unable to own 
land because they cannot borrow money at 
reasonable rates. Money sharks often 
charge interest rates as high as fifty or 
seventy-five per cent to ignorant people 
who cannot read and write and who be- 


The Missionary Visitor 


cause of famine conditions or adversity are 
forced to borrow money. The India mis- 
sion asked the Board for permission to 
solicit $10,000.00 to be loaned to worthy 
Christians to purchase very small pieces of 
ground. It is planned that the loans shall 
bear six per cent interest and the title for 
the land would rest in the hands of the mis- 
sion or its agent until the full price of the 
land was paid. There would be no benevo- 
lence to the India Christians except that 
they would be permitted to borrow money 
at a reasonable rate and would have as- 
sistance in buying a piece of land about 
the size that they would be able to pay for. 
The Board granted the India mission per- 
mission to solicit for this money. It is a 
good opportunity for the members at home 
to make an investment which will bring in 
six per cent interest and will be a great as- 
sistance to the India church. 
Financial Grants to India 

In the last few years the appropriations 
which the Mission Board has made to In- 
dia have been withheld for want of funds. 
Now the India mission asks that just a few 
of these which are most urgently needed be 
made operative and asked that all other 
grants revert to the home Board which 
means that they will have to be requested 
Dahanu Medical Hospital 

Dr. Barbara Nickey has been on the In- 
dia field for quite a while and has never 
had an adequate place to carry on her 
medical work. A number of patients have 
died who might have been saved if we had 
the facilities properly to care for them. 
The need for this medical work seems so 
urgent that the Board approved an appro- 
priation of 35,000 rupees, approximately 
$12,000, for a hospital plant at Dahanu. It 
is hoped that some large gifts will be 
given to help make this possible. 
New Missionaries for 1925 

The fields are fairly well supplied with 
workers with the exception of medical help. 
The Board therefore approved the follow- 
ing new missionaries to go out to the field 
in 1925 : Dr. Silas Keim and wife will go 
out to Africa. Dr. Ida Metzger and Merle 
Gingrich, registered nurse, will go out to 
India. Brother Maynard Cassady will go to 
China in harmony with the action of the 

Hershey Conference last spring. He will be- 
come one of the teachers in the Shantung 
University at Tsinan. This arrangement is 
very necessary because the native Chris- 
tians whom we must have to carry on the 
work of the native church in China must 
have adequate Biblical training. Our prom- 
ising boys who come up through the prima- 
ry and middle schools (the same as our 
American high school) will pass on to this 
Shantung University, which is very 
thorough and conservative in its Bible 
teaching and it is extremely important that 
our mission has one member on the teach- 
ing staff of this university. 
Home Mission Cooperation 

A committee was appointed to study the 
question of more complete cooperation be- 
tween the General Mission Board and the 
District Mission Boards. 
Summer Pastors 

The Board decided to continue the plan 
of summer pastors for 1925 and approved an 
appropriation of $2,500 for this work. 

The Board was conservative in its ap- 
propriations of money for future work, but 
in the face of the fact that the Board has a 
heavy deficit, it seems that a fairly opti- 
mistic attitude of the future was taken. 
Probably this was done with the feeling 
that unless situations which are urgently 
demanding aggressive action are proper- 
ly cared for, the results of our labor for the 
many years past may come to naught. For 
this reason the Board feels to move for- 
ward trusting that the spiritual strength of 
the home church will be adequate to meet 
the present needs. H. S. M. 


Leader. — Christ pleased not himself. — 
Rom. 15:3. 

First Voice. — Whosoever will be chief 
among you, let him be your servant: even 
as the Son of man came not to be minis- 
tered unto, but to minister, and to give his 
life a ransom for many. — Matt. 20:27, 28. 

Second. — How think ye ? if a man have a 
hundred sheep, and one of them be gone 
astray, doth he not leave the ninety and 
nine, and goeth into the mountains, and 
seeketh that which is gone astray? — Matt. 

Third. — And if so be that he find it, verily 


The Missionary Visitor 


I say unto you, he rejoiceth more of that 
sheep, than of the ninety and nine which 
went not astray. Even so it is not the will 
of your Father which is in heaven, that one 
of these little ones should perish. — Matt. 18: 
13, 14. 

Fourth. — And it came to pass when the 
time was come that he should be received 
up, he stedfastly set his face to go to Jeru- 
salem (Luke 9:51), and said: I have a bap- 
tism to be baptized with ; and how am I 
straitened till it be accomplished! — Luke 12: 

Fifth. — He sent messengers before his 
face : and they went and entered into a 
village of the Samaritans, to make ready 
for him. And they did not receive him, be- 
cause his face was as though he would go to 
Jerusalem. — Luke 9 : 52, 53. 

Sixth. — And when his disciples James and 
John saw this, they said, Lord, wilt thou 
that we command fire to come down from 
heaven, and consume them, even as Elias 
did? But he turned, and rebuked them, 
and said, Ye know not what manner of spir- 
it ye are of.— Luke 9 : 54, 55. 

Seventh. — For the Son of man is not come 
to destroy men's lives, but to save them. 
And they went to another village. — Luke 

Eighth. — For even hereunto were ye called : 
because Christ also suffered for us, leaving 
us an example, that ye should follow his 
steps : who did no sin, neither was guile 
found in his mouth : who, when he was re- 
viled, reviled not again ; when he suffered, 
he threatened not ; but committed himself 
to him that judgeth righteously. — 1 Pet. 2: 

Ninth. — But when he saw the multitudes, 
he was moved with compassion on them, 
because they fainted, and were scattered 
abroad, as sheep having no shepherd. — Matt. 

For the Son of man is come to save that 
which was lost.— Matt. 18:11. 

Tenth. — Jesus saith unto them, My meat 
is to do the will of him that sent me, and to 
finish his work. — John 4:34. 

I delight to do thy will, O my God : yea, 
thy law is within my heart. — Psa. 40 : 8. 

Eleventh. — And he said, Abba, Father : all 

things are possible unto thee, take away 
this cup from me: nevertheless not what I 
will, but what thou wilt. — Mark 14:36. 

For I came down from heaven, not to do 
mine own will, but the will of him that sent 
me. — John 6 : 38. 

For I do always those things that please 
him.— John 8:29. 

Twelfth. — Fulfil ye my joy, that ye be 
likeminded, having the same love, being of 
one accord, of one mind. Let nothing be 
done through strife or vainglory; but in 
lowliness of mind let each esteem other bet- 
ter than themselves. — Philpp. 2:2, 3. 

Thirteenth. — Look not every man on his 
own things, but every man also on the 
things of others. Let this mind be in you, 
which was also in Christ Jesus. — Philpp. 2: 
4, 5. 

Fourteenth. — Who, being in the form of 
God, thought it not robbery to be equal with 
God: but made himself of no reputation, 
and took upon him the form of a servant, 
and was made in the likeness of men. — 
Philpp. 2:6, 7. 

Fifteenth. — And being found in fashion 
as a man, he humbled himself and became 
obedient unto death, even the death of the 
cross. — Philpp. 2:8. 

Now if any man have not the Spirit of 
Christ, he is none of his. — Rom. 8 : 9. 


H. S. Kulp 
The preparation of the primer in the Bura lan- 
guage has been completed and the copy sent to the 
press. This has been written to provide a medium 
by which the people may be taught reading well 
enough to be able to read the Gospel for them- 
selves. A first draft of the translation of the Gospel 
oi Mark also has been made. 

July 12 the people of Garkida held a native dance 
to celebrate the fact that they had lived in peace 
and prosperity during the year. Although some 
beer was consumed, the affair wai carried out in a 
rather orderly manner. These native dances are 
frequently accompanied with much immorality and 
ofttimes lead to drunken brawls. Bloodshed was so 
frequent that the government has forbidden the 
Buras to go to these dances armed with their 
bows and arrows. 

July 13 was the date of the Moslems' great " sala," 
or holiday. This was duly celebrated by the Mo- 
(Continued on Page 25) 



The Missionary Visitor 


Conducted by Aunt Adalyn 

Some Prospective India Juniors 


Dear Aunt Adalyn : I am eleven years old. 
I often read the letters in the Missionary 
Visitor. My aunt, Beulah Woods, sailed for 
India Nov. 8. Will some little girl my age 
write to me? I take the " Everyland " 
magazine. I have no brothers or sisters, 
but I wish I had. I am in the sixth grade. 

Shreve, Ohio. Marguerite Woods. 

I have no doubt your aunt is glad to re- 
ceive letters from you. for our missionaries 
can not " run in " to see the home folks at 
any time, like we can. 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : This is my first time 
to write. My birthday is the twenty-eighth 
of August. I was fourteen years old. I am 
in the seventh grade. I am glad when 
the Visitor comes to get to read the let- 
ters in it. I haven't any brother or sister. 
We live with my mother's father and moth- 
er. My grandma and grandpa both belong 
to the Brethren church. My mother has 
the typhoid fever, and I have to stay at 
home from school. I have about a mile 

to school. My teacher's name is Miss 
Beavers. I would like for some one of the 
Juniors to write to me. I will answer. 

Thornton. W. Va. Mary Current. 

I truly hope your mother is well now. 
I am glad she had such a good little nurse 
as you doubtless were. 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : I am eleven years old 
and in the sixth grade at school. My birth- 
day will be April 7. I belong to the Breth- 
ren church. The name of my class is '* C. 
I. C, " which means " Class in the Corner. " 
I tried to crack the November Nuts. I 
have three sisters and one brother. _ Tell 
some one to write to me, and I will give a 
reply. Grace Howard. 

562 Ray St., Ottumwa,Towa. 

Do you have your class organized — with 
president, secretary, and treasurer? What 
did your class do for somebody else at 


The Missionary Visitor 


Dear Aunt Adalyn : Is there a little room 
for me, as I am very small? I am nine 
years old, and in the fifth grade. My birth- 
day is in March. I have five sisters and two 
brothers. My oldest sister is married. She 
has the cutest little baby I ever saw. She 
lives on a farm about half a mile from our 
place. I like to go to see her every chance 
I get. I live two and a half miles from 
town. I go to town to Sunday-school every 
Sunday. We are building an addition to 
our church for Sunday-school rooms. My 
two oldest sisters at home take music les- 
sons once a week. My oldest brother raises 
pigeons. I wish some of your primary chil- 
dren would write to me. 

L. Irene Bowman. 

Union Bridge, Md., R. 3, Box 9. 

Will it not be more wonderful when that 
little baby begins to say "Aunt Irene"? 
What does your brother do with his pi- 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : I hope I will be wel- 
come. I have never written to you and the 
group before. I live on a farm three miles 
from Keyser, on the Elk Garden Road. I 
am in the eighth grade. I will be seventeen 
the twenty-sixth of February. I am the 
oldest child in the family. I have one 
brother dead, and two sisters and one broth- 
er living. My parents are also living. The 
youngest child is eighteen months old. I 
belong to the Brethren church of Keyser. 
I was baptized at New Creek Sept. 14, 1924. 
I wish some of the Juniors my age would 
write to me. I will make early reply. 

Keyser, W. Va. Elsie Green. 

Can you tell us why they call it the " Elk 
Garden Road"? Is it a place where elks 
roam around? Do you know the difference 
between an elk and a moose? 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : This is the first time 
writing you. I love to read the Junior let- 
ters. My birthday is the twentieth of Sep- 
tember. I was twelve years old. I live in 
the Shenandoah Valley in Virginia. Will 
some one write me? If so, I will answer. 

Bridgewater, Va. Arlene Miller. 

You are studying geography — where does 
the Shenandoah River rise and where does 
it empty? And how long is the valley? 
How many towns are on it? 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: I hope I will be wel- 
come into the circle. I have never written 
before. I am in the sixth grade. I have 
three brothers. I am a member of the 
church. I will be fourteen the third of 
July. I wish some one would write to me. 

Proctor, Mont. Luella Learn. 

You came very near being a regular 
"patriot"! If you had been born a day 
later, they would have had to call you 
" July- Ann " 1 

A Group of India Missionaries 

1. He licks. 5. O new rag. 

2. Tell Cort. 

3. Ten rink. 

4. Rake hums. 

6. Glee riz. 

7. Green boll H. 

8. Now did sow. 

More India Missionaries 

1. The spider in the web eyed him closely. 

2. My! Isn't that melon good? 

3. He carried the grain to the mill, Ernest. 

4. The needle has a very small eye. 

5. Put iodine on this wart, Zella. 

6. He added the sum merely to pass the 

7. He is strong enough to run the mower. 

8. Better shoot that cougar; nervous peo- 
ple frighten easily. 

(Answers Next Month) 


Dissected Word. — Revelation. 
Transposition. — Peace on earth, good-will 
to men. ^ j« 


One of the India Missionaries 
Shanti : — (Waiting on the front verandah 
picks up the doormat and puts it on her 
head) Look, I'm the Miss Sahib now. 
Karli: — You the Miss Sahib, why? 
Shanti: — Oh, don't you know? Can't you 
see I'm wearing the big topi (sunhat) ? 

Fatisingh was playing with baby Ruth. 
She had pulled a Gujarati Bible down from 
the table. Ruth's caretaker coming back 
said : " Fatisingh, why do you allow Ruth 
to have that Bible?" Fatisingh: — "She is 
singing some very nice songs out of the 
Bible. " j8 

At the dispensary. " You must take that 
child to the doctor. " 

Child's Father: — Costs too much; we 

" You must take it soon or the doctor 
shall not be able to do anything for it. " 

Child's Father : — Then if we take it and 
it dies we will have all that expense for 
nothing. .j* 

Children on the dispensary verandah : — 
Miss Sahib calls little Elizabeth. 

Musa : — Elizabut go. 

Girdar : — Elizabit, mama calls you. 

Sara: — (With an important air calls 
loudly) Not that way; Elizabud, come 
quickly to mama. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Gertrude Shaffer (Age 15) 
Out in the cold and noisy street 

Stood a little girl, with shoeless feet; 
Her dress was poor and thin and old, 

And her little feet were blue with cold. 

She turned for shelter to an old wood shed; 

" Get out of there, " a stern voice said. 
She turned again to the cold, dark street — 

Did not he notice her bare, red feet? 

She made a pitiful sigh and said, 
" I wish I had only a crust of bread, 

A place to warm my cold, bare feet, 
And a shelter from the snow and sleet." 

Could no one pity the homeless child 
Out in the street, with her face so mild? 

She had no mother to dry her tears, 
So she stood alone, all racked with fears. 

Away up street she saw a light 

Still gleam and shine so full and bright; 
It seemed like home to the freezing child, 

And a smile lit up her face so mild. 

She drew up closer and saw the light 
Still bleam and shine so full and bright; 

There stood a palace of marble white, 
And the poor girl gazed on the beautiful 

She wondered then, "Can I go up there? " 
Yes, she could, and slowly climbed the 
stair ; 
At the top she knocked upon the door, 

Then stood and waited — she could do no 

An anxious while, then the door swung 
And the man of the house stood right in- 
"What do you want? " His voice was wild; 
"A crust of bread, and warmth," said the 

Then the door flew shut with an awful 

And the startled child fell on the ground. 
'Twas all her small strength could endure; 

The man was cruel, she was sure. 

Then fast the snow began to fall, 
And she pressed tight up against the wall. 

Within, the man lay on his bed, 
And thought he had never a thing to 

That night grim death came to earth once 
And took both him and the child at his 
And carried them up to the Father above, 
Where they stood before his throne of 

Then they were fairly judged, each one; 

The Lord said, "Faithful girl, well done." 
But to the man, "Depart from me; 

For this is not thy place," said he; 
"As you have done to the least of these, 

So have you done unto me. " 


(Continued from Page 22) 
hammedan settlement at Garkida, consisting mainly 
of Bura-Filani and Hausa. The former are the herd- 
ers of cattle and the latter are here largely for 
trading purposes. Altogether they number about 
fifty. # 

The District officer of Biu, Mr. P du Putron, 
spent the week end of July 20 at Garkida. He had 
come out to do a bit of surveying in order properly 
to locate the southern boundary of the mission site. 
The mission families enjoyed his visit with them. 

We are enjoying the first fruits from our gar- 
dens, though they are small in amount. It will take 
some time to discover which of our vegetables can 
be adapted to this soil and climate. After several 
plantings we have been able to get a little lettuce 
and a few beans, radishes and cucumbers. We hope 
for more later. <*& 

By the end of the month the Hawal River had 
risen so high that we are practically cut off from 
the world on our western side. The boat which 
was at Garkida was removed last year by the 
district officer then in charge. This means that we 
shall have to discontinue the village services at 
Pelachuroma, the town just across the river from 
Garkida, until the rains have ceased. 

Africa Notes for August 

About the middle of August school reopened with 
quite a good attendance. There is considerable ir- 
regularity in attendance of some of the boys, be- 
cause of the work still to be done on the farms. 
The interest, however, is good. Arrangements had 
been made to accommodate the girls also, but as 
yet none of them have been in regular attendance. 

August 5 the doctor, with the help of all of the 
other missionaries as nurses and assistants, per- 
formed an operation for elephantiasis, removing a 
tumor weighing about seven pounds. The patient 
was a young man who had been afflicted for the past 
five years. He had traveled all over the country 
to get help, but could find none. He feels very 
grateful, it seems. We are hoping that this opera- 
tion will help much in winning the hearts of our 
people to our work. jt 

One dark night a leopard came along and car- 
ried off Mr. Helser's big dog. However, people have 
little fear from leopards here, as they are rarely 
known to attack humans. 

The church and school building was dedicated in 
the early part of this month. It is quite a satis- 
faction to have a place which is used expressly for 
religious and educational purposes. 


The Missionary Visitor 




Conference Offering, 1924. As of November 29, 
1924, the Conference (Budget) offering for the year 
ending February 28, 1925, stands as follows: 
Cash received, all funds since March 1, 

1924, $185,454 64 

(The 1924 Budget of $328,000.00 is 56.5% raised.) 
Mission Board Treasury Statement. The following 
shows the condition of mission finances on Novem- 
ber 29, 1924: 

Income since March 1, 1924, $193,614 78 

Income same period last year, 190,423 13 

Increase, $ 3,191 65 

Outgo over income since March 1, 1924, .. 10,907 78 
Outgo over income same period last year, 66,052 81 

Decrease outgo over income, $55,145 03 

Mission deficit November 29, 1924, 27,726 59 

Mission deficit October 31, 1924, 36,429 78 

Decrease in deficit, $ 8,703 19 

Tract Distribution. During the month of Octo- 
ber, the Board sent out 3,428 doctrinal tracts. 

October Receipts. The following contributions for 
the various funds were received during October: 

Africa— $20.00 

Indv. : Clarence C. Heckman & Wife, . . . .$ 20 00 
Arizona— $43.13 

S. S.: Phoenix, $19.65; Glendale, $8.50; C. 
W. S.: Phoenix, $9.98; Indv.: A Sister, $5, 43 13 

Arkansas — $55.25 

First Dist., Cong.: New Hope, $16.50; J. J. 
& N. A. Wassam (Austin) $10; Indv.: Mrs. 
Mattie Moore, $2, 28 50 

N. W. Dist., S. S.: Springdale, $21.75; 

Indv. : Mary C. Babb & Daughter, $5, . . . 26 75 

California— $914.79 

No. Dist., Cong.: Modesto, $9.70; Live 
Oak, $25; Waterford, $24; M. S. Frantz (M. 
N.) (Lindsay) $1; No. 76774 (Laton) $5; Nan- 
nie A. Harman (Lindsay) $3; R. H. Wil- 
liams & Family (Waterford) $2; S. S. : Mo- 
desto. $21.60; Live Oak, $2.51; C. W. S. : 
Oakland, $25.27, 119 08 

So. Dist., Cong.: Pasadena, $326.29; E. 
San Diego, $23; Simon Hosfeldt (Glendora) 
$2; Elizabeth B. Vaniman (La Verne) $5; 
Franklin Buckwalter (Santa Ana) $5; Eunice 
Griffith (Pomona) $5; Mrs. W. H. Neher 
(La Verne) $10; H. E. Masters (San Diego) 
$50; S. S.: Pasadena, $239.88; E. San Diego, 
$27; Beginners Dept., Pasadena, $20; C. W. 
S. : Pasadena, $77.54; Indv.: Anna M. 
Moore, 795 71 

Canada— $7.42 

Cong.: Redcliff Mission, 7 42 

Colorado— $245.33 

E. Dist., Cong.: Colo. Springs, $25; Den- 
ver, $103; S. J. Heckman (Colo. Springs) 
$15; Paul L. Beghtel & Wife (Rocky Ford) 
$15; S. S.: Colo. Springs, $10.50; Indv.: Nic- 
olaus Kail, $10 178 50 

W. Dist., Cong.: Grand Jet., $5; 1st 
Grand Valley, $56.86; S. S. : Fruita, $4.97, .. 66 83 

Denmark — $16.00 

Indv.: Grete Mikkelsen of Frederickhavn, 16 00 

Florida— $13.40 

Cong.: Arcadia, $5; Ross F. Sappington & 
Wife (Sebring) $5; D. E. Miller & Wife 

(Sebring) $3; Indv.: J. E. Young, $.40, 13 40 

Idaho— $217.52 

Cong.: Boise Valley, $56; Emmett, $15; 
Nezperce, $10.27; Twin Falls, $40.50; Fruit- 
land, $50; J. B. Lehman (Nezperce) $5; S. 
S.: Boise Valley, $9.55; Weiser, $28.20; C. 

W. S.: Twin Falls Intermediate, $3 217 52 

Illinois— $1,638.09 

No. Dist., Cong.: Elgin, $49; Naperville, 
$50; Milledgeville, $56.83; Dixon, $41.12; 

Sterling, $81.46; Hickory Grove, $6.16; Mt. 
Morris, $100; Franklin Grove, $100; Cherry 
Grove, $9.70; Chicago, $1; Adaline M. 
Blough (Mt. Carroll) $2; Katherine Boyer 
(Waddams Grove) $50; Ruth Ulrey (Beth- 
any-Chicago) $5; Niels Esbensen (Chicago) 
$9; M. D. Wingert (Franklin Grove) $100; 
Mrs. Mabel Goshorn (Elgin) $10; Mrs. Loui- 
sa Shaw (Polo) $2; A. F. Wine & Wife 
(Chicago) $20; S. S. : Hastings St., Chicago, 
$95.89; Elgin, $175.36; Lanark, $78.43; Pine 
Creek, $11.31; Milledgeville, $18.46; Mt. Mor- 
ris, $58.66; Sterling, $22.82; Douglas Park, 

Chicago, $23.61, 1,177 81 

So. Dist., Cong.: Decatur, $30.50; Astoria, 
$21.40; So. Fulton (Astoria) $10; Girard, 
$173.46; Virden, $73.50; Romine, $6.25; I. G. 
Harshbarger (M. N.) (Girard) $.50; J. E. 
Bowman (Virden) $10; Mrs. J. H. Neal 
(Girard) $1; Mrs. R. A. Forney (Hudson) 
$4; Mrs. Marguerite McNeall & Cora Cling- 
ingsmith (Liberty) $5; Belle Huber (Girard) 
$1; A Sister (Hudson) $2; Mrs. S. W. Reed 
(Camp Creek) $2; No. 76425 (Girard) $5; S. 
S. : Cerro Gordo, $50; So. Fulton (Astoria) 
$15.67; Girard, $25; Mulberry Grove, $10; 
Primary Class, Martin Creek, $2; Aid Soc. : 
Girard, $10; Indv.: Mrs. Hannah Goodwin, 
$2, 460 28 

India— $30.00 

Indv.: H. P. & Kathryn Garner, 30 00 

Indiana— $3,019.19 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Markle, $44.75; Hun- 
tington City, $189.75; Manchester, $581.35; 
Bachelors Run, $65.90; Wabash, $25.61; 
Clear Creek, $66.17; Portland, $15.50; Roann, 
$42.41; Cart Creek, $13.20; Loon Creek, 
$135.20; Plunge Creek Chapel, $36.07; Sala- 
monie, $48.15; Spring Creek, $21.26; Raleigh 
Snider & Wife (Bachelor Run) $5; Blanche 
Abshire (Roann) $5; Geo. F. Stultz (Hick- 
ory Grove) $1.50; Grace Miller Murphy 
(Couter-Mexico) $10; Ella Reist (Flora) $1; 
No. 76603 (Manchester) $2; Susanna Lech- 
rone (W. Eel River) $1; Emanuel Lechrone 
(W. Eel River) $5; W. E. Boyer & Wife 
(Manchester) $5; Josephine Hanna (Logans- 
port) $.50; Mrs. Emma Hamilton (Hunting- 
ton City) $15; Wesley Miller (Kewanna) $1; 
S. S. : Hickory Grove, $80.50; Bachelors 
Run, $9.60; Beaver Creek,_ $7.64; Loon 
Creek, $14.80; Joint Convention, Santa Fe, 
Pipe Creek, Logansport, Peru & Mexico, 
$60; Men's Bible Class, Manchester, $10; 
Aid Soc: Wabash, $5, 1,624 66 

No. Dist., Cong.: No. Liberty, ^33; Au- 
burn, $14.28; Union Center, $125.55; Maple 
Grove, $21.75; W. Goshen, $156.39; Wakaru- 
sa, $48.50; Ft. Wayne, $18.88; Rock Run, 
$86.60; Solomon's Creek, $6.41; Sec. So. 
Bend $14.81; Pleasant Valley, $53; Bau- 
go, $37.69; Mary Yoder (Yellow River) $5; 
Sarah Wolf (Yellow River) $5; David Metz- 
ler (Nappanee) $10; Mrs. Earnest Goff (1st 
So. Bend) $5; Russell C. Burger (1st So. 
Bend) $5; E. Roy Burger (1st So. Bend) 
$5; Sarah Burger (1st So. Bend) $20; R. E. 
Burger (1st So. Bend) $20; John C. Collins 
& Wife (LaPorte) $5; Wm. U. Miller & 
Wife (Elkhart City) $10; Sarah Whitmer 
(1st So. Bend) $5; Mrs. Rose Shively (Yel- 
low River) $10; C. A. Hoffman (Shipshe- 
wana) $30; John J. Swander & Wife (Cedar 
Creek) $5; Mrs. George Kitch (Lick Creek) 
$5; A Brother (1st So. Bend) $2; No. 76454 
(Bethany) $10; Mrs. Irene Musser (Ply- 
mouth) $8; S. S.: Walnut, $50; Ladies' 
Class, 1st So. Bend, $16.50; New Salem, $15; 
Pleasant Chapel, $20; Wawaka, $9.20; Cedar 
Creek, $20; No. Liberty, $38; Joint Conven- 
tion, Bremen, Yellow River, Nappanee & 
Camp Creek, $15; Elkhart City, $36; C. W. 
S.: Pine Creek (W. Goshen) $12, 1,013 56 

So. Dist., Cong.: Anderson, $60.84; 


The Missionary Visitor 


Noblesville, $12.13; Muncie, $25; Nettle 
Creek, $31.65; Four Mile, $67; Buck Creek, 
$41.69; Pyrmont, $12.40; Arcadia, $25; Mis- 
sissinewa, $3; Mt. Pleasant, $6.25; Howard, 
$3; Ed. Nelson (Indianapolis) $5; Chas. H. 
Ellabarger (Nettle Creek) $12; J. E. Gaddis 
(Sampson Hill) $2; Jas. A. Breon & Wife 
(Beech Grove) $2.51; S. S. : Four Mile, $45; 
Mt. Pleasant, $1.01; Middletown, $2.01; Beth- 
el (Ladoga) $5.25; Grace (Indianapolis) $8.25; 

Indv. : Sam Deweese, $10, 380 97 

Iowa— $1,116.59 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Des Moines, $24.50; 
Maxwell, $15.50; Coon River, $3.05; C. B. 
Rowe (M. N.) (Dallas Center) $.50; D. F. 
Landis (M. N.) (Des Moines) $.50; Erne 
Snell (Des Moines) $2; S. S. : Garrison, 
$57.50; Dallas Center, $71.22; Cedar, $2.26; 
Indv.: No. 76344, $1; Mahlon Peck, $1 179 03 

No. Dist., Cong.: Waterloo City (So. 
Waterloo) $302.11; Curlew, $15.35; Greene, 
$27.46; So. Waterloo, $63.54; Rebecca Heag- 
ley (Sheldon) $100; Mrs. Ella Ullom 
(Greene) $1; Anna Hamer (So. Waterloo) 
$10; David & Sarah Brallier (Curlew) $30; 
Ella Eikenberry (Greene) $10; R. O. Blough 
(So. Waterloo) $50; Ladies' Social Club, 
Waterloo City (So. Waterloo) $10, 619 45 

So. Dist., Cong.: Fairview, $140; English 
River, $70; So. Keokuk, $39.11; S. Schlot- 
man (Council Bluffs) $10; Minerva Nichols 
(Crooked Creek) $1; S. S. : Osceola, $3; Aid 
Soc, English River, $50; Indv.: Mrs. Geo. 

Replogle, $5, 318 11 

Kansas— $757.54 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Ramona, $35; Rich- 
land Center, $53.68; Topeka, $50; W. A. 
Kinzie (M. N.) (Ottawa) $.50; Shuss Family 
(Sabetha) $10; Sadie Eavey (Morrill) $5; 
Cedlia R. Eavey (Morrill) $5; Wm. II. 
Sanger (Morrill) $10; Grace Steele (Mc- 
Louth) $20; S. S. : Abilene, $48; Oakland 
(Topeka) $41.25; Olathe, $4.41, 282 84 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Victor, $1.50; Ora 
E. Eavey (White Rock) $25; Martha Iken- 
berry (Quinter) $5; Nellie Albin (Maple 
Grove) $20; S. S. : Burr Oak, $9.10; Indv.: 
Unknown donor of Salina, $15; Mrs. Laura 
Duryee, $1, 76 60 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Osage, $25; Mrs. 
Harriet Smith (Osage) $5; Maggie Ruth- 
rauff (Paint Creek) $5; J. W. Kirkendall & 
Wife (Independence) $10; Katie Schul (Fre- 
donia) $20; Fannie Stevens (Osage) $10; 
Indv. : No. 76906, $3.50, 78 50 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Prairie View, $24.07; 
McPherson, $165.05; Conway Springs, $11.35; 
So. Larned, $55.67; A Sister (McPherson) 
$5; Oliver H. Austin & Wife (McPherson) 
$15; Mrs. V. E. Whitmer (E. Wichita) $2.50; 
James Brandt & Wife (Pleasant View) $10; 
J. E. Hope Family (Conway Springs) $2; 
Kate Yost (Peabody) $5; E. E. Hoffman 
(McPherson) $5; Mrs. Nannie Gump (Gar- 
den City) $2; S. S. : Pleasant View, $5.36; 

Newton, $3.71; Bloom, $7.89, 319 60 

Kentucky— $10.00 

Indv.: B. Metzler 10 00 

Louisiana — $155.20 

Cong.: Roanoke, $14; S. S. : Roanoke, 
$131.20; Junior Bible Class, Roanoke, $10, .. 155 20 

Maryland— $1,302.96 

E. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant Hill (Bush 
Creek) $93.11; Union Bridge (Pipe Creek) 
$75.66; Bethany, $70; Scott Garner (Union 
Bridge-Pipe Creek) $.50; Almedia Weimer 
(Washington) $20; Mrs. D. A. Ebaugh 
(Meadow Branch) $2; H. E. Beard (Mead- 
ow Branch) $50; Sister X. Y. Z. (Meadow 
Branch) $10; S. S. : Rocky Ridge (Mono- 
cacy) $5; Piney Creek, $2.40; " Sunshine " 
Class, Washington, $15; Pleasant Hill, Bush 
Creek, $2.75; Westminster (Meadow 
Branch) $114.05; Long Green Valley, $26.11; 
Green Hill, $11.86; Indv.: No. 76431, $14, .... 512 44 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Vanclevesville (Berke- 
ley) $5.02; Brownsville, $145; Pleasant View, 
$334.50; Beaver Creek, $21; Delia M. Galor 

(Mt. Zion-Beaver Creek) $5; Annie E. Hol- 
linger (Broadfording) $2; E. C. Mullendore 
(Brownsville) $30; No. 76523 (Hagerstown) 
$50; Walter S. Coffman (Manor) $15; S. S.: 
Pleasant View, $150; C. W. S. : Beaver 
Creek. $10, 767 52 

W. Dist., Cong.: Cherry Grove, $10; Fair- 
view, $5; H. B. Sines (Pine Grove) $1; S. S. : 

Fairview, $7, 23 00 

Michigan— $386.81 

Cong.: Zion, $17.22; Battle Creek, $27.46; 
Elmdale, $50; Harlan, $50.23; Shepherd, 
$20.46; Sugar Ridge, $26; Onekama, $20.04; 
Beaverton, $55.40; Homestead, $4.62; Mrs. 
Ester Hostetler (Zion) $4; Mrs. Alia Em- 
rick (New Haven) $2; Samuel Bowser (M. 
N.) (Elmdale) $.50; John Swanstra & Wife 
(Beaverton) $10; M. B. Williams (Detroit) 
$5; S. S. : Hart, $37.98; Grand Rapids, $6.81; 
Zion, $6.29; Midland, $4.83; Thornapple, $20; 
Elsie, $2.50; Sunfield, $6; Indv.: Aaron Pu- 

terbaugh & Wife, $9.47, 386 81 

Minnesota— $128.07 

Cong.: Lewiston, $47.97; Worthington, 
$21.38; Mrs. Chalmer Barley (Bethel) $5; 
Silver J. Cummins & Wife (Nemadji) $13; 
Minnie E. Smith (Minneapolis) $1; John 
Kaiser (Minneapolis) $9; Albert Seidel & 
Wife (Worthington) $5; S. S. : Lewiston, 

$25.72, 128 07 

Mississippi— $1.08 

Cong.: Mrs. V. E. Massey (Edith), 108 

Missouri — $363.71 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: So. Warrensburg, $1; 
Warrensburg City, $28.11; Mary M. Cox 
(Warrensburg) $2; Wiliam, Nannie & Mary 
Wagner (Mound) $6; Mrs. Hannah Lentz 
(Mound) $2; L. P. Donaldson (Mound) $5; 
Elda Gauss (Centerview) $5; J. W. Bren- 
neman (Kansas City) $5; S. S. : Prairie 
View, $10.31; Mound, $11.65; Indv.: G. W. 
Tannreuther, $50; Mrs. Oscar Doty, $6 132 07 

No. Dist., Cong.: So. St. Joseph, $9; Wa- 
kenda, $37; Kate Shirky (Rockingham) $5; 
David W. Sandy (Kidder) $100; S. S. : No. 
Bethel (Bethel) $13.96; Walnut Grove (Smith 
Fork) $32.28, 197 24 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Carthage, $9.65; D. 
H. Wampler & Wife (Dry Fork) $5; Mrs. 
W. P. Jacobs (Carthage) $2.50; S. S. : Fair- 

vitw, $14; Oak Grove, $3.25, 34 40 

Montana — $13.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Edgar T. Riley (Poplar 
Valley) $4; Indv.: Amos M. Jacobs & 
Family, $3 7 00 

W. Dist., Cong.: Kalispell, 6 00 

Nebraska— $96.22 

Cong.: So. Red Cloud, $10; Lincoln, $55.75; 
No. 76391 (Octavia) $5.80; E. S. Fitz (Red 
Cloud) $5; Hiram Miler & Wife (Afton) $8; 

S. S. : Silver Lake, $11.67, 96 22 

New Mexr'co — $10.00 

Cong.: S. A. Mohler (Miami) $5; Mary & 

Kathryn Royer (Clovis) $5, 10 00 

New York— $10.00 

Cong.: Samuel B. Heckman (Brooklyn), 10 00 

North Carolina^$25.00 

Cong.: J. I. Branscom (Mill Creek), 25 00 

North Dakota— $84.00 

Cong.: Brumbaugh, $4; Minot, $26.65; 
Kenmare, $10; G. I. Michael (Kenmare) 
$25; Walter Troxel (Berthold) $10; Mabel 
Irwin (Egeland) $2; S. S. : Egeland, $6.35, .. 84 00 

Oh o— $2,398.15 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Freeburg, $40.42; 
Black River, $207.20; Baltic, $10; Richland, 
$51.95; Goshen, $10.25; Akron City, $103; E. 
Chippewa, $85.50; Cleveland, $40.49; Wooster, 
$17; Maude Cooperrider (Greenwood) $2; 
Sarah Lawver (E. Nimishillen) $1; H. W. 
Martin & Wife (Maple Grove) $50; Mrs. J. 
A. Glass (Jonathan Creek) $2; L. J. Dula- 
bahn & Wife (E. Chippewa) $5; Mrs. Sarah 
Secrest (Beech Grove-E. Chippewa) $1; Dr. 
Geo. H. Irvin (Wooster) $10.25; E. I. Ober 
(Wooster) $20; S. S. : Canton City, $102.30; 


The Missionary Visitor 


" King's Daughters " Class, E. Chippewa, 
$5; Mothers' Class, E. Chippewa, $2.50; 
Loyal Women's Class," Ashland City, $5; 
Springfield, $28.80; Owl Creek, $10.18; Maple 
Grove, $35.50; Aid Soc. : Maple Grove-, $15; 
E. Chippewa, $25; Indv.: Alfred & Eliza- 
beth Longanecker, $5, 89134 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Fostoria, $103.65; 
Pleasant View, $231.17; No. Poplar Ridge 
(Poplar Ridge) $25; Green Spring, $68.68; 
Dupont, $100; County Line, $10.42; No. Pop- 
lar Ridge Cong. & S. S. (Poplar Ridge) 
$46.76; Mrs. M. Shock (Poplar Ridge) $.25; 
Mrs. G. C. Harrison (Swan Creek) $1; Sarah 
Smith (Swan Creek) $5; O. P. Haines 
(Sugar Creek) $30; S. S. : Sugar Creek, 
$3.19; So. Poplar Ridge (Poplar Ridge) $5; 
Indv.: Lydia Fried, $25, 655 12 

So. Dist., Cong.: Brookville, $48.10; Oak- 
land, $18.93; Prices Creek, $55.60; W. Mil- 
ton, $37.46; Donnels Creek, $40.65; W. 
Charleston, $150.63; Middle District, $60.61; 
Strait Creek Valley, $5.45; Marble Furnace, 
$4; Mrs. P. V. Coppess (Greenville) $1; C. S. 
Zimmerman (W. Dayton) $5; Wm. F. Cou- 
ser (W. Dayton) $10; L. B. Miller (Salem) 
$2; Dayton K. Brubaker (W. Dayton) $10; 
Mrs. Ida M. Eley (Castine) $5; Barbara 
Erbaugh (Trotwood) $5; Chas. Knoepfle & 
Wife (Cincinnati) $50; A. H. Bucklew & 
Wife (Oakland) $5; Sara Bigler (Oakland) 
$2; Anna Lesh (Stone Lick) $2; Ellen E. 
Boughnecht (Trotwood) $10; S. S. : Happy 
Corner (Lower Stillwater) $98.54; Green- 
ville, $11.70; Cincinnati, $10; Georgetown, 
(Pitsburg-Salem) $20; "Buds of Hope 
Girls Club," Cincinnati, $5; Marble Furnace, 
$1.70; Harris Creek, $59.06; Zion (Brook- 
ville) $4.31; Pleasant Hill, $19.69; Bethel (Sa- 
lem) $78.26; Indv.: Elizabeth Kiracofe, $5; 

N. W. Rinehart, $10, 851 69 

Oklahoma— $108.56 

Cong.: Bartlesville, $10.31; Washita, 
$55.98; Mrs. S. Latimer (Washita) $5; Mrs. 
D. E. Long (Washita) $1; S. S. : Washita, 
$19.17; Indv.: Bertha Ryan Shirk, $2.10; R. 
S. & Ella Rust, $5; L. M. Dodd & Wife, 

$10, 108 56 

Oregon— $71.71 

Cong.: Albany, $35; Mabel, $20; Mrs. C. 
A. Robinson (Portland) $2; C. Spangler 
(Portland) $1; A. B. & Lizzie, Coover 
(Grants Pass) $10; S. S.: Albany, $3.71, .... 71 71 

Pennsylvania— $4,117.85 

E. Dist., Cong.: Little Swatara, $65.50; 
Big Swatara, $70.57; Elizabethtown, $300; 
Conestoga, $69.81; Spring Creek, $11.05; Me- 
chanic Grove, $54.72; Hatfield, $30; Rich- 
land, $38; Two Sisters (Indian Creek) $10; 
No. 77239 (Elizabethtown) $3; No. 77238 
(Elizabethtown) $5; No. 77237 (Elizabeth- 
town) $10; No. 77236 (Elizabethtown) $15; 
A. W. Felker (Lancaster) $25; Isaac Schaef- 
fer (Lancaster) $3; Roy L. Schaeffer (Lan- 
caster) $2; R. A. Nedrow (M. N.) (Lake 
Ridge) $1; Mathias P. Landis & Wife (In- 
dian Creek) $10; A Sister (Palmyra) $50; E. 
H. Hertzler (Lancaster) $2; Unknown donor 
of Elizabethtown, $1; A. H. Shissler (Cone- 
wago) $2.80; A Volunteer (Elizabethtown) 
$8; S. S. : Elizabethtown, $50; "The Glean- 
er's" Class, Lancaster, $50; "Willing 
Workers" Class, Annville, $15; S. S. : 
Springville, $42.17; Hummelstown (Spring 
Creek) $11; Spring Creek, $16.71; E. Peters- 
burg, $20; Harrisburg, $150; Ephrata, $75; E. 
Fairview, $13.27; Paxton (Big Swatara) 
$14.12; Lititz, $22.60; E. Hanover (Big Swa- 
tara) $4; C. W. S.: E. Petersburg, $7.95; 
Mechanic Grove, $7.95, 1,287 22 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: 28th St., Altoona, $108; 
Koontz, $27; Dry Valley, $22.55; Burnham, 
$17; Clover Creek, $72.45; Ardenheim, $56; 
Charlotte Roberts (Artemas) $2; A Brother 
(Spring Run) $10; James R. Long (Arden- 
heim) $1; A. B. Wakefield (Aughwick) $5; 
W. A. Gaunt (Huntingdon) $5; Jerry & Clara 
Klepser (Clover Creek) $25; R. T. Myers 

(Spring Run) $5; Mrs. J. L. Wineland (Clo- 
ver Creek) $1; F. M. Russell (Clover Creek) 
$5; Geo. White (Lewistown) $3; Susan Rou- 
zer (Dunnings Creek) $5; No. 76546 (Burn- 
ham) $15; J. W. Bible (Artemas) $5; John 
Eennett (Artemas) $5; H. Paul Cox (28th 
St., Altoona) $5; Mary A. Kinsey (Dun- 
nings Creek) $10; A Brother (Spring Run) 
$10; S. S.: Spring Run, $25.38; Yellow 
Creek, $6; Maitland (Dry Valley) $4; Burn- 
ham, $33; Hill Valley (Aughwick) $3.99; 
Clover Creek, $8.41; Riddlesburg, $5; Mrs. 
Minnie Replogle's Class, 28th St., Altoona, 
$10; Mrs. Mary Haller's Class, 28th St., 
Altoona, $10; Indv.: Mrs. W. S. Ake, $5; 
Israel Etter, $3, 533 78 

So. Dist., Cong.: Lost Creek, $12.33; Sugar 
Valley, $13.15; Carlisle, $54.11; Shippens- 
burg (Ridge) $115; Free Spring (Lost Creek) 
$5; Two Sisters (Waynesboro) $2; E. J. 
Egan & Family (Ridge) $5; Mrs. Isaac S. 
Miller (Upper Conewago) $50; Nora Sieber 
Sausman (Lost Creek) $20; Mrs. Catherine 
Garland (Carlisle) $5; Krissinger Sisters 
(Lost Creek) $12; Mrs. Ida Minnich (Car- 
lisle) $1; Louisa Burris (Lost Creek) $2; H. 
J. & Anna Shallenberger (Lost Creek) $10; 
S. S. : Waynesboro, $316.03; Hampton (Upper 
Conewago) $17.07; Mechanicsburg (Lower 
Cumberland) $50.28; Chest Grove (Upper 
Codorus) $21; Carlisle, $5.97; Pleasant Hill 
(Codorus) $5.25; New Fairview, $9.67; 
Brandt's (Back Creek) $6; Indv.: J. E. Win- 
gert, $5; Aid Soc: East Berlin (Upper 
Conewago) $25, 767 86 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Norristown, $48.32; 
Wilmington, $14.60; Brooklyn, $10; German- 
town (Philadelphia) $77.95; Mrs. Annie 
Brower (Parkerford) $10; Lizzie Brower 
Parkerford) $20; C. P. (Parkerford) $50; W. 
L. Eikenberry & Wife (Royersford) $10; C. 
J. Brower (Parkerford) $10; Anna M. Groff 
(Green Tree) $2; No. 76367 (1st Phila.) $20; 
S. S.: Sunday School Assn., $139.44; Wil- 
mington, $2.40; Norristown, $5.25; Parker- 
ford, $65; Indv.: D. G. Hendricks, $1, 485 96 

W. Dist., Cong.: Maple Glen, $43.57; Red 
Bank, $22.05; Elk Lick, $65.72; Somerset, 
$137; Montgomery, $30; Quemahoning, 
$36.08; Beachdale House (Berlin) $27.65; 
Rockton, $10; Meyersdale, $88.13; Norman 
S. Berkey (Windber) $20; Mrs. Wilbur 
Bloom (Greenville-Rockton) $5; Mrs. An- 
drew McKeoun (Greenville-Rockton) $1; No. 
77032 (Scalp Level) $2; Mrs. Elizabeth Kna- 
vel and Florence Knavel (Windber) $20; 
Anna Yates (Mt. Joy) $5; Cyrus Horner & 
Wife (Rummel) $12.50; Mrs. Agnes Heiple 
(Roxbury) $10; Elda Wertz (Walnut Grove) 
$30; Mrs. Glenn Mountain (Manor) $5; D. P. 
Hoover (M. N.) (Rummel) $.50; J. Merle 
Mineely (Walnut Grove) $10; Mahlon Hoff- 
man & Wife (Roxbury) $5; W. J. Hamilton 
& Wife (Rockwood) $15; A Sister (Rockton) 
$2; J. Clark Brilhart (Montgomery) $6; 
Thomas Hardin (Hyndman) $1; Roy G. 
Wertz (Johnstown) $10; S. S.: Geiger, $4.80; 
Maple Spring (Quemahoning) $200; Red 
Bank, $7.08; "Daughters of Kingdom" 
Class, Mt. Joy, $50; Hooversville, $15.37; 
Windber, $25.28; Maple Grove (Johnstown) 
$12.50; Waterford (Ligonier) $34.30; Pike 
(Brothersvalley) $38.35; Rockton, $10; Adult 
Class (Cumberland) $7; Pittsburgh, $13.15; 

Aid Soc: Maple Grove (Johnstown) $5 1,043 03 

South Dakota— $5.00 

Indv.: Nora Thurston 5 00 

Tennessee — $24.60 

S. S. : French Broad, $9; Meadow Branch, 
$14.60; Indv.: Mrs. Mary E. Shadow, $1, .. 24 60 

Texas— $65.56 

Cong.: Ft. Worth Cong. & S. S., $30; 
John O. Pearson (Ft. Worth) $20; S. S.: 

Manvel, $13.06; Indv.: No. 76471, $2.50, 65 56 

Virginia— $708.29 

E. Dist., Cong.: H. S. Knight (Mt. Car- 
mel) $5; Mrs. Johanna Marshall (Manassas) 
$1; Eva G. Glick (Trevilian) $5; W. R. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Hooker (Nokesville) $10; S. S. : Lower Union 
(Locust Grove) $2.50; Belmont, $7.23; Nokes- 
ville, $35.79; Indv.: Mrs. J. A. Kauffman, $3, 69 52 

First Dist., Cong.: Saunders Grove, $3; 
9th St. Roanoke, $83.50; Tinker Creek 
(Roanoke City) $5; G. P. Hylton (Smiths 
Chapel) $10; Mrs. Ella Bowman (Bluefield) 
$1; Mollie Manges (Daleville) $5; Mrs. S. 
C. Showalter (Troutville) $5; Frankie Sho- 
walter (Troutville) $10; W. A. Rux (Clover- 
dale) $10; S. S.: Lynchburg, $7.08, 139 58 

No. Dist., Harrisonburg, $14.17; Cooks 
Creek, $8; Timberville, $82.27; Harry H. 
Bauserman (Powells Ford) $4; Mrs. Sarah 
C. Andes (Harrisonburg) $3; Mrs. Sallie C. 
Barnhart (Cooks Creek) $5; S. S. : Harrison- 
burg, $9.30; Women's Bible Class, Bethel 
(Unity) $5; Mt. Olivet (Timberville) $10; 
Dayton (Cooks Creek) $19.23 159 97 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Grottoes Mission 
(Pleasant Valley) $12; Bridgewater, $200; 
Barren Ridge, $25.84; Ressie Kanost (Mos- 
cow-Lebanon) $2; S. S.: Barren Ridge, $4.92; 
Branch (Sangerville) $14.72; Moscow (Leba- 
non) $6.90; Indv.: Mrs. J. S. Meyerhoffer, 
$2; A. H. Miller, $5, 273 38 

So. Dist., Cong.: Christiansburg, $29.11; 
Red Oak Grove, $6.58; Mrs. Mary E. Lemon 
(Antioch) $1; Sarah J. Hylton (Coulson) $2; 
Mrs. Mary J. Tucker (Christiansburg) $3; 
Mrs. Mollie Pilson (Mt. Hermon) $5; S. S. : 
Boone Chapel (Snow Creek) $6.50; Pleas- 
ant Hill, $7.65; Indv.: P. E. Bowman & 
Wife, $5, 65 84 

Washington— $105.21 

Cong.: Tacoma, $7.13; 1st Spokane Cong. 
& S. S., $5.35; B. F. Glick (Tacoma) $30; 
Mrs. Esther Myers (Centralia) $20; Mrs. 
C. A. Ives & Daughter (Centralia) $7; Mrs. 
M. C. Faringer (Seattle) $2; Mrs. C. M. 
Holdren (Yakima) $5; S. S. : Outlook, $5; 
Mt. Hope, $12.85; Okanogan Valley, $5.88; 

Indv.: No. 76503, $5 105 21 

West Virginia— $64.80 

1st Dist., Cong.: Tearcoat, $5; Kelley 
Chapel (White Pine) $6; Mrs. Alice Liller 
(White Pine) $5; Mrs. Margaret Schell 
(Greenland) $5; Mrs. Roy C. Watring, $2; G 
T. & K. E. Leatherman (Greenland) $10; 
Fannie M. Bane (Beaver Run) $25, 58 00 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Harry Smith (Pleasant 
Valley) $1; Paris Smith (Pleasant Valley) 
$1; S. S. : Jordanville (Pleasant Valley) 

$2.85; Indv.: J. F. Ross, $1.95 6 80 

Wisconsin— $137.41 

Cong.: Worden Cong. & S. S., $15.50; 
Stanley, $31.20; J. M. Fruit (Ash Ridge) 
$50; Allie Ekleberry (Ash Ridge) $5; 
Howard Peden & Wife (Chippewa Valley) 
$2; Earl Cook (Chippewa Valley) $5; Mrs. 
J. C. Snyder (Centralia) $5; Mrs. Ada 
Browne (Stanley) $2; S. S. : White Rapids, 
$1.31; Chippewa Valley, $12.15; Aid Soc: 
Stanley, $2.25; Indv.: Sarah E. Wilson, $4; 
Mrs. G. W. Burns, $2, 137 41 

Total for the month $ 18,487 44 

Total previously reported, 33,788 63 

Total for the year, $ 52,276 07 

California— $101.35 

No. Dist., S. S.: Rio Linda, $2.69; Pat- 
terson, $23.83; Lindsay, $74.83 $ 10135 

Idaho— $7.32 

S. S. : Weiser, 7 32 

Illinois— $127.62 

No. Dist., Cong.: Batavia, $48.28; S. S. : 
Franklin Grove, $45.25; Louisa (Waddams 
Grove) $8 101 53 

So. Dist., S. S.: Decatur, $10.50; La 

Motte Prairie, $10.60; Astoria, $4.99, 26 09 

Indiana— $398.56 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Manchester, $300; Ogans 
Creek Cong. & S. S., $61.71; Santa Fe, 
$23-09, 384 80 

No. Dist., S. S.: Oak Grove, 11 76 

So. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Anna McGuire 

(Indianapolis), 2 00 

Iowa— $39.61 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Des Moines, 10 00 

No. Dist., S. S. : Sheldon 10 11 

So. Dist., S. S.: Fairview, $7.15; Frank- 
lin, $6.19; Council Bluffs, $6.16, 19 50 

Kansas— $19.11 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: No. 76386 (Wade 
Branch) $2.16; S. S. : Wade Branch, $6.71, .. 8 87 

S. W. Dist., S. S.: Monitor, $6.08; New- 
ton, $416, 10 24 

Louisiana— $7.02 

Cong.: Roanoke, 7 02 

Maryland— $287.04 

E. Dist., S. S. : Union Bridge (Pipe Creek) 
$5.79; Westminster (Meadow Branch) $214; 
Grossnickle (Middletown Valley) $9; Blue 
Ridge College (Pipe Creek) $53.25; Detour 

(Monocacy) $5, 287 04 

Missouri — $1.30 

S. W. Dist., S. S.: Carthage, 1 30 

North Dakota— $5.00 

S. S.: Minot, 5 00 

Ohio— $165.37 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Olivet, $12.62; Para- 
dise (Wooster) $3; Richland, $13, 28 62 

N. W. Dist., S. S.: Toledo, $4.48; No. 
Poplar Ridge (Poplar Ridge) $30.58; Lick 
Creek, $12.25; Sugar Creek, $5.27, 52 58 

So. Dist., Cong.: W. Charleston, $35.41; S. 
S.: Brookville, $25.34; Union City, $9.39; 

Painter Creek, $14.03 84 17 

Pennsylvania— $109.14 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: 28th St. Altoona, $10; 
F. B. Gartland & Wife (Roaring Spring) 
$12; S. S.: Holsinger (Woodbury) $4.25; 
Hill Valley (Aughwick) $1.25; Burnham, 
$19.23; " Stars " Class, Fairview, $10; Clover 
Creek, $8.91, '. 65 64 

So. Dist., S. S. : Hanover, $16; Pleasant 
Hill (Codorus) $4, 20 00 

W. Dist., S. S. : Maple Grove (Johnstown) 

$3.50; Waterford (Ligonier) $20, 23 50 

South Dakota— $11.18 

S. S.: Willow Creek 11 18 

Virginia— $63.01 

E. Dist., S. S.: Oakton, 25 60 

No. Dist., Cong.: Garbers (Cooks Creek) 
$10; S. S. : Harrisonburg, $18.47, 28 47 

Sec. Dist., S. S.: Sangerville, $4.88; Bar- 
ren Ridge, $4.06, 8 94 

West Virginia— $8.48 

First Dist., Cong.: Beaver Run, $7.15; S. 

S.: Lime Rock (Eglon) $1.33, 8 48 

Wisconsin— $5.49 

S. S.: Rice Lake, $1.89; Chippewa Valley, 
$3.60, 5 49 

Total for the month, $ 1,356 60 

Total previously reported 5,914 45 

Total for the year $ 7,271 05 

Illinois— $225.00 

No. Dist. & Wis. Aid Societies, $ 225 00 

Indiana — $63.22 

Mid. Dist., Aid Soc: W. Eel River, $5; 
Spring Creek, $20; Dist. Aid Meeting, $33.22; 
Peru, $5, 63 22 

Maryland— $10.00 

Mid. Dist., Aid Soc: Broadfording, 10 00 

Missouri — 44.00 

Mid. Dist. Aid Societies, 44 00 

North Dakota— $5.00 

Aid Soc. : Zion (Kenmare), 5 00 

Pennsylvania— $95.00 

E. Dist., Aid Soc: Spring Creek 20 00 

S. E. Dist., Aid Soc: Parkerford, $25; 
First Philadelphia, $50, 75 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Virginia— $150.00 

E. Dist. Aid Societies 

No. Dist., Aid Soc. : Linville Creek, 

Total for the month, - . $ 592 22 

Total previously reported 6,819 99 

100 00 
50 00 

Washington— $40.00 

S. S.: Whitestone, 

40 00 

Total for the year, $ 7,412 21 


Illinois — $1.65 

No. Dist., Cong.: Mt. Morris, 

Missouri — $56.70 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Warrensburg, 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Broadwater, 

Ohio— $20.00 

N. E. Dist., S. S. : "Ladies" Bible Class, 


Pennsylvania — $1.50 

W. Dist., S. S. : Cowanshannock, 

Texas— $3.00 

Cong.: Iva Carpenter (Manvel, 

1 65 

35 38 
21 32 

20 00 
1 50 
3 00 

Total for the month, $ 82 25 

Total previously reported, 507 38 

Total for the year, 

.$ 590 23 

California— $15.25 

No. Dist., S. S.: Women's Bible Class 
(McFarland) $ 5 25 

So. Dist., S. S.: Pasadena, 10 00 

Ohio— $81.71 

So. Dist., S. S.: Sidney, 81 71 

O kl a ho mar— $2 . 00 

Indv.: Martin Garst, $1; Ellen Garst, $1, 2 00 

Wisconsin— $6.17 

S. S.: Rice Lake, 6 17 

Total for the • month, 

Total previously reported, 

105 13 
635 60 

Total for the year, $ 

Illinois— $2.90 

So. Dist., Cong.: H. W. Strickler (Lo- 

raine), !j 

Indiana— $25.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. David E. Fisher 

(Mexico) , 

Kansas— $1.50 

N. W. Dist., Indv.: Mrs. Ben W. Ad- 

Maryland— $5.87 

Mid. Dist., S. S. : Stonebridge (Licking 


Missouri — $2.00 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: E. A. Holmes (Carth- 

Ohio— $9.50 

So. Dist., Cong.: Middletown, 

Oklahoma— $4.00 

S. S. : Coyle (Paradise Prairie), 

Pennsylvania— $22.00 

So. Dist., S. S. : Shrewsbury & New 
Freedom (Codorus), 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Harmony ville, 

Total for the month, $ 72 77 

Total previously reported, 2,749 39 

740 73 

2 90 

25 00 

1 50 

5 87 

2 00 

9 50 

4 00 

15 00 
7 00 

Total for the year, $ 2,822 16 

California— $34.23 

So. Dist., S. S. : Junior & Primary 

Depts. (La Verne), $ 34 23 

Illinois— $9.52 

So. Dist., Cong.: Kaskaskia, $7.52; Mrs. 

S. W. Reed (Camp Creek) $2, 9 52 

Pennsylvania— $10.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Rockhill (Aughwick), 10 00 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

93 75 
2,615 97 

Total for the year, $ 2,709 72 

Florida— $10.00 

Indv. : J. E. Young, $ 10 00 

Illinois— $85.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: No. 76298 (Woodland), 85 00 

Indiana— $20.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: "Guardian" Class, No. 

Winona, 20 00 

Maryland— $40.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Edward C. Bixler & Wife 

(Pipe Creek), 40 00 

Virginia— $40.00 

Sec. Dist., Aid Soc: Bridgewater, 40 00 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

195 00 
649 50 

Total for the year, $ 844 50 


Kansas— $25.00 

S. W. Dist., S. S.: Bloom, $ 25 00 

Michigan— $.40 

Cong.: Beaverton, 40 

Ohio— $10.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: "Busy Bee" Class, Bear 

Creek, 10 00 

Virginia— $35.00 

Sec. Dist., Aid Soc: Pleasant Valley, .... 35 00 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

70 40 
1,177 95 

Total for the year, $ 1,248 35 

Calif ornia— $35.75 

No. Dist., C. W. S.: Y. P. Dept., Modes- 
to, $6.25; Oakland, $12.50, $ 18 75 

So. Dist., Cong.: J. B. Emmert & Family 

(La Verne), 17 00 

Illinois— $140.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: Ladies' Div. of Mustard 
Seed Class, Milledgeville, $25; "True Blue" 
Class, Pine Creek, $15; Douglas Park, (Chi- 
cago) $100, 140 00 

Iowa— $5.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: "Live Wire" Class, 

Kingsley, 5 00 

Kansas— $25.00 

S. E. Dist., S. S.: "Christian Friendship 

Circle " New Hope, 25 00 

Maryland— $25.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: Pipe Creek, 25 00 

Michigan— $37.50 

Cong.: Edith M. Scrogum (Hart) $12.50; 

S. S. : Sunfield, $25 37 50 

Nebraska— $7.85 

S. S.: Alvo, 7 85 

Ohio— $100.00 

N. W. Dist., Indv.: Claude G. Vore & 
Wife, 25 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Mildred Heeter (de- 
ceased) (Bear Creek), 75 00 

Pennsylvania— $85.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Roaring Spring, $50; 
S. S. : Spring Run, $25, 75 00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Junior Girls Class, Ridge, 10 00 

Virginia— $6.25 

No. Dist., S. S.: "Willing Workers" 
Class, Mill Creek, 6 25 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

467 35 
3,056 77 

Total for the year, $ 3,524 12 

January The 


Oregon— $19.92 

S. S.: Portland, $ 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

Total for the year, $ 

Minnesota— $200.00 

Cong.: A. J. & Mary Nickey $ 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

Total for the year, $ 

Idaho— $20.30 

Cong.: Nampa, $ 

Illinois— $160.26 

No. Dist., S. S.: Bethany Center (Chi- 

Iowa— $450.00 

S. S.'s of No. la., Minn. & S. D., 

Kansas— $150.00 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: J. M. Eash (Monitor), 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

Total for the year, $ 


Washington— $60.78 

S. S.: Seattle, $ 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

Total for the year, $ 

Indiana— $2.50 

Mid. Dist., C. W. S. : Loon Creek Junior, 
Michigan — $.10 
Cong.: Beaverton, 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

Total for the year, $ 

Indiana— $2.50 

Mid. Dist., C. W. S. : Loon Creek Junior, 
Michigan— $.10 

Cong.: Beaverton, 

Wisconsin— $.86 

S. S. : Rice Lake, 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported 

Total for the year, $ 

California— $23.75 

No. Dist., C. W. S. : Oakland, $ 

So. Dist., S. S. : Hermosa Beach, 

Illinois— $12.50 

So. Dist., S. S.: "Stand True & Ready" 

Class, Woodland, 

Indiana— $37.50 

Mid. Dist., C. W. S.: Markle, 

No. Dist., Nappanee C. W. M., 

Iowa— $30.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S. : "Victor" Class, Dallas 

No. Dist., S. S.: "Live Wires" Class, 


North Dakota— $31.25 

S. S. : Kenmare, $25; "Banner" Class, 

Surrey, $6.25, 

Pennsylvania— $93.75 

E. Dist., S. S.: "Ever Faithful" Class', 

Missionary Visitor 31 

Lancaster, 50 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Mabel Arbegast (Lower 
19 92 Cumberland) $25; S. S. : "Always There" 
Class, Waynesboro, $18.75, 43 75 

19 92 Washington— $25.00 

22 00 S. S.: Primary & Junior Dept., Seattle, 25 00 

41 92 Total for the month, $ 253 75 

Total previously reported, 1,402 51 

Total for the year $ 1,656 26 

200 00 

200 00 Kentucky— $3.00 
00 Indv.: M. E. Ralston, $ 3 00 

"^rr: Maryland— $8.00 

^00 OU Mid Digt) Cong . Susan Rowland (Ha- 

gerstown), 8 00 

20 30 Total for the month, $ 11 00 

Total previously reported, 53 48 

., n .. Total for the year, $ 64 48 

160 zo 

irn nn Arizona— $5.00 

Indv.: A Brother & Family, $ 5 00 

150 00 California— $14.29 

No. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Nina E. Wirth 

780 56 (Modesto) $5;; S. S. : Modesto, $9.29, 14 29 

1,008 82 Illinois— $6.00 

So. Dist., D. V. B. S. : La Motte Prairie, 6 00 

1,789 38 Indiana— $310.84 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Men's Class, Manches- 
ter 300 00 

m m No. Dist., S. S.: Mrs. Wm. Nickler's 

60 78 Class, Middlebury, 8 50 

— — So. Dist., S. S. : Noblesville, 2 34 

jj? I Iowa-$21.16 

So. Dist., S. S.: Salem, $13.66; Primary 

462 18 De Pt-. English River, $7.50, 21 16 

Kansas — $25.05 

S. W. Dist., S. S. : Conway Springs, 25 05 

? c n Missouri — $4.15 

No. Dist., Cong.: Ruth A. Pulse (Rock- 
ingham), 4 15 

Pennsylvania— $40.00 

2 60 Mid. Dist., Cong.: No. 76721 (1st Altoona), 10 00 

141 55 S. E. Dist., Cong.: Emma N. Cassel (Nor- 

ristown), 5 00 

1441 c W. Dist., S. S.: "Queen Esther" Class, 

Mt. Joy 25 00 

Texas— $3.00 
Indv.: D. H. Clark, $1; Wilma Clark, $.50; 

2 50 Vincent Clark, $.50; Mrs. D. H. Clark, $1, .. 3 00 

Virginia— $.30 
1U So. Dist., Indv.: W. H. Edmonson & 

Family, 30 

86 Wisconsin— $3.86 
— S. S.: Rice Lake, 3 86 

3 46 

131 43 Total for the month, $ 433 65 

Total previously reported 1,163 00 

Total for the year, $ 1,596 65 


u 50 Indiana— $50.00 

11 2S No. Dist., S. S.: "Excelsior" Class, Yel- 

low River, $ 50 00 

Pennsylvania— $25.00 

12 50 Mid Distj S s.: Spring Run, 25 00 

12 50 Total for the month, $ 75 00 

25 00 Total previously reported, 145 00 

Total for the year, $ 220 00 


Idaho— $28.50 

500 Cong. & S. S.: Clearwater, $22.50; S. S. : 

Emmett, $6, •. $ 28 50 

Indiana— $127.00 
31 23 No. Dist., Cong.: W. Goshen, $48; Pleas- 

ant Valley, $10; Amanda Miller (Goshen) 
$12; Chas. & Nettie Weybright (Syracuse) 


The Missionary Visitor 


$12; S. S.: Cleveland Union (Elkhart City) 
$5; " Berean " Bible Class, Elkhart, $30; 
" Gleaners " and " Willing Workers " 

Classes, Cedar Lake, $10, , 127 00 

Ohio— $60.00 

So. Dist., Cong. : Mrs. Rupert Landis 
(Covington) $10; Aid Soc.: Brookville, $50, 60 00 

Pennsylvania— $407.79 

E. Dist., Cong.: Palmyra, $157; White 
Oak, $1; C. R. Bashore (Little Swatara) 
$5; B. K. Eshelman (W. Green Tree) $15; 
S. S.: Manheim (White Oak) $32.79; Mid- 
way, $24; " Willing Workers " Class, Me- 
chanic Grove, $8; Longenecker's (White 
Oak) $93, 335 79 

W. Dist., Cong.: Walnut Grove, 72 00 

Texas— $1.00 

Cong.: Iva Carpenter (Manvel), 1 00 

Total for the month, $ 624 29 

Total previously reported, 3,373 57 

Total for the year, $ 3,997 86 


California— $14.84 

No. Dist., Cong.: Laton, $ 14 84 

Ohio— $3.00 

So. Dist., Constance Mission & S. S 3 00 

Total for the month, $ 17 84 

Total previously reported, 52 70 

Total for the year, $ 70 54 


Illinois— $10.70 

No. Dist., Cong.: Hickory Grove, $ 10 70 

Michigan— $12.00 
Cong.: Sunfield 12 00 

Total for the month, $ 22 70 

Total previously reported 4,422 18 

Total for the year $ 4,444 88 


Arkansas— $5.00 

Indv.: Mary C. Babb & Daughter, $ 5 00 

California— $25.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Oakland, 25 00 

Illinois— $48.15 

No. Dist., Cong.: Milledgeville, $18.50; 
Hickory Grove, $13.65; Naperville, $16, .... 48 15 

Indiana— $363.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Bachelors Run, 18 00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Wakarusa, $300; S. S.: 

New Paris, $45, 345 00 

Kansas— $84.50 

N. E. Dist. Meeting, 20 00 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: McPherson, 64 50 

Maryland— $305.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Pipe Creek, $175; Bethany, 

$80; New Windsor (Pipe Creek) $50, 305 00 

Missouri— $39.75 

No. Dist., Cong.: Rockingham, $5; Shelby 
Co. Cong. & S. S., $10; Dist. Meeting, $24.75, 39 75 

Michigan— $50.00 

Cong. : Shepherd 50 00 

Ohio— $507.33 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: E. Chippewa, $61.23; 
S. S.: Olivet, $52, 113 23 

So. Dist., Cong.: New Carlisle, $114.50; 

Harris Creek, $279.60 394 10 

Pennsylvania— $49.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Maiden Creek 39 00 

W. Dist., Cong.: Elk Lick, 10 00 

Tennessee — $2.00 

Cong.: Cedar Grove, 2 00 

Wisconsin — $3.00 

Cong.: Rice Lake 3 00 

Total for the month, $ 1,481 73 

Total previously reported, 42,580 60 

Total for the year, $ 44,062 33 

California— $618.39 

So. Dist., La Verne Cong, for L. A. 
Blickenstaff & Wife and E. D. Vaniman & 
Wife, 618 39 

Colorado— $240.00 

E. Dist., S. G. Nickey (McClave) for Dr. 

Barbara Nickey, 240 00 

Idaho— $76.00 

Nezperce S. S., for Dr. D. L. Horning, 
$50; Fruitland Cong., for Anetta C. Mow, 

$26, 76 00 

Illinois— $785.00 

No. Dist., Mt. Morris College Missionary 
Soc. for D. J. Lichty, $205; A. F. Wine & 
Wife (Chicago) for Beulah Woods, $100, .... 305 00 

So. Dist., Cerro Gordo S. S., for Dr. A. R. 
Cottrell, $240; Centennial & Individuals 

(Okaw) for J. E. Wagoner, $240, 480 00 

Indiana— $1,130.60 

Mid. Dist., Manchester S. S. for Alice K. 
Ebey, 515 00 

No. Dist., S. S.'s for Minerva Metzger & 
Mary Schaeffer 585 48 

So. Dist., Arcadia Cong., for W. J. 

Heisey, 30 12 

Iowa— $100.00 

No. Dist., Waterloo City S. S. (So. Wa- 
terloo) for Mary Shull, 100 00 

Kansas— $630.00 

N. E. Kans., S. S.'s for Ella Ebbert, .... 280 00 

S. W. Dist. Congs. for F. H. Crumpacker 

& Wife, 350 00 

Michigan— $75.00 

Junior Classes of S. S.'s of Mich, for 
Harlan G. Bowman, $37.50; Primary Classes 
of S. S.'s of Mich, for Daniel Harold Bow- 
man, $37.50, 75 00 

Missouri— $19.00 

Mid. Dist., Turkey Creek Cong., $18; 
Happy Hill Cong., $1, for Jennie Mohler, 19 00 

Nebraska— $76.60 

Bethel Cong, for R. C. Flory, 76 60 

Ohio— $908.08 

N. E. Dist., Olivet S. S., for A. D. Hel- 
ser, $40.70; Hartville Cong, for Anna Brum- 
baugh, $117.38; S. S.'s of Dist. for Goldie E. 
Swartz, $350, 508 08 

N. W. Dist., Lick Creek Cong, for 
Elizabeth Kintner, $130; H. A. Throne (Sil- 
ver Creek) for Chalmer G. Shull, $105 235 00 

So. Dist., Painter Creek Cong, for Verona 
Smith, 165 00 

Pennsylvania— $193.95 

E. Dist., Spring Creek Cong, for Eliza B. 
Miller, 28 95 

Mid. Dist., Albright Cong. & S. S. for 
Olivia D. Ikenberry, $40; Everett Cong, for 

Dr, Carl Coffman, $125, 165 00 

Tennessee— $89.69 

S. S.'s for Anna B. Seese, 89 69 

Virginia— $53.10 

Sec. Dist., Elk Run Cong., $27.10; Elk 
Run Aid Soc, $26.00, for Sara Z. Myers, .. 53 10 

Total for the month, $ 4,995 41 

Total previously reported, 21,387 77 

Total for the year, $ 26,383 18 






Supported in Whole or in Part by Funds Administered by the General Mission Board 
With the Year Thev Entered Service 

Spanhusvagen 38, MalmS, 

Graybill, J. F., 1911 
Graybill, Alice M., 1911 
Buckingham, Ida, 1913 

Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, 

Baker, Elizabeth, 1922 
Bright, J. Homer, 1911 
Bright, Minnie F., 1911 
Coffman, Dr. Carl, 1921 
Coffman, Feme H., 1921 
Dunning, Ada, 1922 
Horning, Emma, 1908 
Ikenberry, E. L., 1922 
Ikenberry, Olivia Dickens, 

Metzger, Minerva, 1910 
Oberholtzer, I. E., 1916 
Oberholtzer, Eliz. W., 1916 
Sollenberger, O. C, 1919 
Sollenberger, Hazel C, 1919 
Vaniman, Ernest D., 1913 
Vaniman, Susie C, 1913 
Wampler, Dr. Fred J., 1913 
Wampler, Rebecca C, 1913 
North China Union Language 
School, Peking, China 
Brubaker, Leland S., 1924 
Brubaker, Marie Woody, 

Kreps, Esther E., 1924 
Neher, Minneva J., 1924 

Liao Chou, Shansi, China 
Bowman, Samuel B., 1918 
Bowman, Pearl S., 1918 
Flory, Raymond, 1914 
Flory, Lizzie N., 1914 
Cripe, Winnie E., 1911 
Horning, Dr. D. L., 1919 
Horning, Martha D., 1919 
Hutchison, Anna, 1913 
Senger, Nettie M., 1916 
Shock, Laura J., 1916 

Shou Yang, Shansi, China 

Cline, Mary E., 1920 
Heisey, Walter J., 1917 
Heisey, Sue R., 1917 
Smith, W. Harlan, 1920 
Smith, Frances Sheller, 1920 

Tai Yuan, care of Y. M. C. 
A., Shansi, China 

Myers, Minor M., 1919 
Myers, Sara Z., 1919 
Ullom, Lulu, 1919 

On Fun, Shan Tai, Sunning, 
Canton, China 

Smith, Albert R., 1923 
Smith, Verona, 1923 

On Furlough 

Clapper, V. Grace, Hunt- 
ingdon, Pa., care College, 

Crumpacker, F. H., 1003 
10th Ave. Nampa, Idaho, 

Crumpackc-t Anna N., 2003 
10th Ave., i'ampa, Idaho, 

Flory, Edna R., 509 Honore 
St., Chicago, 1917 

Flory, Byron M., Staunton, 
Va., Rt. 3, 1917 

Flory, Nora, Staunton, Va., 
Rt. 3, 1917 

Miller, Valley, Port Re- 
public, Va., 1919 

Seese, Norman A., Bridge- 
water, Va., 1917 

Seese, Anna, Bridgewater, 
Va., 1917 

Schaeffer, Mary, 3435 Van 
Buren St., Chicago, 1917 

Elgin, 111., care of General 
Mission Board 

Pollock, Myrtle, 1917 

Garkida, Nigeria. West Af- 
rica, via Jos, Nafada Sc Biu 
Burke, Dr. Homer L., 1923 
Burke, Marguerite Shrock, 

Beahm, William M., 1924 
Beahm, Esther Eisenbise, 

Heckman, Clarence C, 1924 
Heckman, Lucile Gibson, 

Mallott, Floyd, 1924 
Mallott, Ruth Blocher, 1924 
Helser, A. D., 1922 
Helser, Lola Bechtel, 1923 
Kulp, H. Stover, 1922 

Ahwa, Dangs, India 

Ebey, Adam, 1900 
Ebey, Alice K., 1900 
Shull, Chalmer, 1919 
Shull, Mary S., 1919 

Anklesvar, Broach Dist., India 
Long, I. S., 1903 
Long, Erne V., 1903 
Miller, Arthur S. B., 1919 
Miller, Jennie B., 1919 
Miller, Sadie J., 1903 
Shickel, Elsie, 1921 

Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Blickenstaff, Lynn A., 1920 
Blickenstaff, Mary B., 1920 
Blickenstaff, Verna M., 1919 
Cottrell, Dr. A. Raymond, 

Cottrell, Dr. Laura M., 1913 
Eby, E. H., 1904 
Eby, Emma H., 1904 
Kintner, Elizabeth, 1919 
Mohler, Jennie, 1916 
Shumaker, Ida. 1° 1 ~ 
Wagoner, J. L.mer, 1919 
Wagoner, Ellen H., 1919 

Dahanu, Thana Dist., India 

Alley, Howard L., 1917 
Alley, Hattie Z., 1917 

Nickey, Dr. Barbara M., 

Royer, B. Mary, 1913 
Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 
Forney, D. L., 1897 
Forney, Anna M., 1897 
Miller, Eliza B., 1900 
Vada, Thana Dist., India 
Brumbaugh, Anna B., 1919 
Kaylor, John I., 1911 
Kaylor, Ina M., 1921 
Swartz, Goldie E., 1916 
Palghar, Thana Dist., India 
Butterbaugh, Andrew G., 

Butterbaugh, Bertha L., 

Garner, H. P., 1916 
Garner, Kathryn B., 1916 
Hollenberg, Fred M., 1919 
Hollenberg, Nora R., 1919 
Post Umalla, via Anklesvar, 
Lichty, D. J., 1902 
Lichty, Anna Eby, 1912 
Summer, Benjamin F., 1919 
Summer, Nettie B., 1919 
Widdowson, Olive, 1912 
Ziegler, Kathryn, 1908 
Vyara, via Surat Dist., India 
Blough, J. M., 1903 
Blough, Anna Z., 1903 
Brooks, Harlan J, 1924 
Brooks, Ruth F, 1924 
Moomaw, Ira W., 1923 
Moomaw, Mabel Winger, 

Mow, Anetta, 1917 
Mow, Baxter M., 1923 
Mow, Anna Beahm, 1923 
Replogle, Sara G., 1919 
Wolf, L. Mae, 1922 
Woods, Beulah, 1924 
On Furlough 
Ebbert, Ella, 2205 Dixie 

Place, Nashville, Tenn., 

Grisso, Lillian, No. Man- 
chester, Ind., 1917 
Himmelsbaugh, Ida 200 6th 

Ave., Altoona, Pa., 1908 
Hoffert, A. T., Carleton, 

Nebr., 1916 

Church of the Brethren In- 
dustrial School, Geer, Va. 
Wampler, Nelie, 1922 
Bolinger, Amsey, 1922 
Bollinger, Florence, 1922 
Red Cloud, Nebraska, 

Eshelman, E. E., 1922 
Fort Worth, Texas, 

Horner, W. J., 1922 
Greene County, Pirkey, Va., 

Driver, C. M., 1922 
Broadwater, Essex, Mo., 

Fisher, E. R., 1922 
Piney Flats, Tenn., 

Ralph White, 1923 







Sg£j Please Notice.— Postage on letters to our missionaries is Sc for each ounce or fraction Z|$? 

rfv«7 thereof and 3c for each additional ounce or fraction. rjo, 


A re you taking it easy 
on the Down Grade? 

SUNSET DA YS down in the val- 
ley are ahead for all of us. Will 
your way be smooth through finan- 
cial independence to a reasonable 
extent? You who have worked 
many years owe yourself a com- 
fortable old age. 

One of the ways to insure comfort 
and independence as you travel 
on the down grade of life is to place 
a substantial amount of your cap- 
ital funds in the ANNUITY 
BONDS of the General Mission 

The Board is old in experience in the handling 
of trust funds ; it positively does not speculate with 
its trust funds, but invests them according to stand- 
ards of the best trust and savings banks and old 
line insurance companies; its good as cash resources 
exceed a million and a half dollars. This state- 
ment is made to impress you with our ability and 
willingness to do our part to make it easy for you 
on the down grade of life. 

Ask for our Annuity {Booklet VI 25 

(!er\eral Mission. Board 





Chuvctivof the brethren 


W©h>T^.m^Ty 9 1925 

Ninety-two bales, seven boxes, and three barrels or more than six tons of clothing ready 
for shipment to Germany. The Aid Societies of the brotherhood collected this clothing and sent 
same to Elizabethtown where it was baled as it is here ready for ocean shipment. 







OTHO WINGER, President, North Man- 
chester, Ind. 

J. J. YODER, Vice-President, McPherson, 

A. P. BLOUGH, Waterloo, Iowa. 

H. H. NYE. Elizabethtown, Pa. 

J. B. EMMERT, La Verne, Calif. 


CHARLES D. BONSACK, General Secretary. 

H. SPENSER MINNICH, Educational Secre- 
tary and Editor Missionary Visitor. 

M. R. ZIGLER, Home Mission Secretary. 
CLYDE M. CULP, Treasurer. 

All correspondence for the Board should be addressed to Elgin, 111. 



The subscription price is included in EACH donation of two dollars or more to the 
General Mission Board, either direct or through any congregational collection, provided 
the two dollars or more are given by one individual and in no way combined with 
another's gift. Different members of the same family may each give two dollars or more, 
and extra subscriptions, thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they 
know will be interested in reading the Visitor. NO VISITOR SUBSCRIPTIONS ARE EN- 

Kindly notice, however, that these subscription terms do not include a subscription for 
every two dollar donation, but a subscription for each donation of two dollars or more, 
no matter how large the donation. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting the 
Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, the Visitor will 
be sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

To insure delivery of paper, prompt notice of change of address should be given. When 
asking change of address, give old address as well as new. Please order paper each year 
if possible under the same name as in the previous year. 

Address all communications regarding subscriptions and make remittances payable to 

Entered as second class matter at the postoffice of Elgin, Illinois. 

Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in section 1103, Act of 
October 3, 1917, authorized Aug. 20, 1918. 

Missionary Day in the Sunday School 
Do You Have It? 

The General Mission Board appeals to all the Sunday- 
schools of the Church to raise a special offering one Sunday- 
each month during this year as a special offering to missions. 
This is to be over and above all present offerings because the 
present receipts of the Board will not pay for the missionary 
work being done this year. May we suggest that this should 
be a SPECIAL offering, and enthusiasm on the part of superin- 
tendent and teachers will help make it special. 


er\eral Mission. Board 




Published Monthly by the Church of the Brethren Through Her General Mission Board 

Volume XXVII 


No. 2 




What Christ Does for India, By Eld. L. W. Teeter, 36 

Our First Tent Meeting, By O. C. Sollenberger, 37 

Wife's Cycle Trek in Jungle, 38 

How I Became Interested in Mission Work, By Sister D. L. Miller, 39 

Help the Suffering and Diseased in Shou Yang, China, By W. Harlan 

Smith, 40 

" Layman " Is Dead, 41 

The United District Boards of the Church of the Brethren of Nebraska, 

By G. W. Ellenberger, 42 

Africa Notes for September and October, By Lola Helser, 43 

China Notes for October and Part of November, ..By Minnie F. Bright, 44 

Notes from India, By Nettie B. Summer, 45 

The Other Side of Our Work, By Samuel Bowman, 46 

Soap Making and Missions, By Nettie M. Senger 47 

World-Wide Work for Brethren Sunday-School Pupils, 48 


Missionary News, 50 

Plans for the Washington Convention, 51 

Books Received, 52 

The Gates of the Temple Are Opened (Poem), By Eleanor J. Brumbaugh, 52 
We Praise Thee, O Lord, 52 


By the Evening Lamp, 54 

Nuts to Crack, 55 



Why Missions, Anyway? 

Did you ever grow weary in well doing? 
Did you ever ask why missions, anyway? 
How did you answer your own question? 
Here is your answer. Getting down to 
rock bottom there are two viewpoints of 
life, two philosophies by which life and its 
meaning may be explained. One is the 
material and the other is the spiritual. It 
makes a vast difference whether we think 
of man's life as having brute origin and 
brute destiny, or of having divine origin 
and divine destiny. Back of what a man 
DOES is what he THINKS. We can cut 
part of this discussion quite short by say- 
ing that if a man takes the materialistic 

view of life we cannot count on his being 
interested in missions. 
But Why Missions? 

Granting that you do believe in a divine 
origin and destiny for man, why do mis- 
sion work? These will help clear our 

1. The Fatherhood of God. God is ac- 
tually, in a spiritual sense, the Father of 
every living person. No human being, white 
or colored, is beyond the possibility of 
claiming God as Father. This is the foun- 
dation of our missionary hope. If God has 
the attitude of an infinitely loving, yearn- 
ing Father toward every lost soul in the 
universe, the hearts of us who know him 


The Missionary Visitor 


leap with hope for the actuality of this 

2. Every soul is of infinite value. Jesus 
taught (Matt. 16: 26) that there is nothing 
so valuable as a soul. This would include 
white folks, brown and black folks, out- 
casts as well as sinners. Jesus gave his 
whole service and life in winning souls. 
Can the followers of Christ be indifferent 
to the lost millions of the world? 

3. Every soul is savable. " For the Son 
of man is come to seek and save that which 
is lost" (Luke 19: 10). The Gospel is the 
power of God unto salvation. Whosoever 
will may come. The crowning sin of sins 
in the church is the secret belief that Chris- 
tianity will not work. One may proclaim 
his faith in the fundamentals from the 
housetops, yet if he does not believe that 
Christianity will fulfill its promise in the 
salvation of men, and is doing nothing to 
bring this to pass, he is the worst sort of a 
materialistic infidel. We need a revival 
of that great doctrine that God hungers 
and yearns for the salvation of men and 
races. Such a revival will kindle afresh 
in us powerful motives for missionary en- 

4. The world is in dire need. Only fools 
would deny this statement. All is not well 
— no, not in Christian lands. Out of the 
fountain of the materialistic viewpoint of 
life are flowing countless woes. For ex- 
ample, the materialistic theory to get all 
you can and give as little as necessary has 
well-nigh been the undoing of society. 
Through the haziness of thought some have 
come to believe there is no Supreme Be- 
ing. Imagine if you can the destructive 
consequences if the base passions of man- 
kind in all lands were turned loose without 
any control from a higher being. All this 
poison in the world's veins is sin. The 
atonement of Jesus alone is the sufficient 
remedy. New Testament missions seek to 
bring to every being in the world the cure 
for sin. What a motive to stir up our mis- 
sionary zeal! Once we see this great chal- 
lenge we will cease to ask the question, 
Why missions? 

5. Here is the supreme motive for mis- 
sions. The Lord Jesus came to you and 
to me. He put his hand on our shoulders. 
He looked straight into our eyes. The tone 

of his voice was both sweet and compelling 
as he said, " I have given you the ex- 
ample. As I have done to you, you do 
also unto them." Shall we look into those 
eyes rebelliously, or turn aside in flagrant 
disobedience? Oh, no; no Christian can 
do it honestly. £ J* 
Fact Leaflets 

We want to know, and should know the 
facts. Before a man buys a farm he wants 
to know the facts, the sort of soil, its record 
of production, the kind of neighborhood and 
the market facilities. 

The investor in missions also deserves 
and should know the facts. During 1925 
the General Mission Board is publishing 
These are little four-page leaflets intended 
for distribution to every member of the 
church. The plan for distribution is for 
the Missionary Committee, pastor or Sun- 
day-school superintendent to inform the 
Board of the number needed, and they will 
be sent monthly for distribution. They will 
be facts about the world, the Bible, India, 
China, Africa, missionary administration, 
home missions, etc. 

Why Not a Missionary Substitute? 

Nearly every missionary on our foreign 
fields is supported by some congregation 
or individual in the homeland. The amount 
of support given is what the missionary 
receives personally for living purposes. 
The support money given does not provide 
for any of the missionary expense, except 
the missionary's personal pay. Every mis- 
sionary has other expenses, travel, cost of 
dwelling, medical service, cost of native 
workers under his or her direction, expense 
of boarding schools, outstation evangelistic 
tours, and many others which bring the 
actual cost each missionary entails to ap- 
proximately $2,300 in India and $1,800 in 
China annually. 

Some home congregations would find joy 
in assuming the entire sum necessary to 
keep a missionary working on the field. 
In other cases congregations could join 
together in paying the full support of mis- 
sionaries. There is considerable inspiration 
from having and being acquainted with the 
personal representative who is using the 
money given for our work abroad. 

Fe \£? ry The Missionary Visitor 35 

Why We Can Be Optimistic About the Missionary Situation 

in the Church 

/. Our weakness is turning us to strength. We are forced to recognize, 
teach and practice one of Cod's greatest rules for life — STEWARDSHIP. 

2. We have looked at the hole in the doughnut until we are saturating the 
whole air with the blues. True, we still have a deficit in our mission fund, but 
Paul would use this apparently adverse situation for the very success of the 
church. PauVs keenest disappointment was to go into Rome a prisoner. But 
he used his chance to tell his soldier guards about Jesus. 

3. Twenty years ago our workers fought against suspicion and opposition. 
Today the fields are ripe and sympathetic hearts ask f° r the Gospel. 

4. Ten years ago a self-supporting church in India or China seemed centuries 
off. Today they are assuming responsibility in a remarkable manner and the 
self-propagating church seems much nearer. 

5. God is crowning our efforts in foreign fields with success. This is evidenced 
by such examples as the Anklesvar church in India, composed of 8 00 members, 
all of whom to Americans would be as poor as Job's turkey, but it has just 
pledged 10,000 rupees (about $3,300) toward a new church building. This 
aspiration by these new-born Christians surpasses our fondest expectations. 

6. There is and has been an uprising among our young people to want to con- 
secrate and dedicate their whole lives to the service of the church. (God save 
us from quenching this noble purpose!) 

7 . There is an increase in laymen who tithe and give large gifts and call it the 
greatest joy of their lives. 

There are other reasons, too, but seven is a perfect number. 

The Deficit Has Been Reduced 

From $43,000.00, September 30, to $25,000.00 December 31, 1024. 

Shall we not make a faithful effort to wipe it out by the close of the fiscal 
year ending February 28, i92j, and begin the new year afresh for God? 

If each member would give the price of a cheap lunch, or one cent per Week 
for six months, it would be done. Two cents saved on one meal per week in dl 
our homes for a year would do it! 

But it will never be done by mathematical schemes or cross word puzzles. 
It will be done by those who love the Lord and the church; whose Chris- 
tian experience and faith is sufficiently sincere to share with Christ his desire 
that all men shall know there is divine forgiveness and grace. 

The work n the Lord's. He stands by the treasury as of old. Will our 
giving receive his approbation as did that of the widow ? 


The Missionary Visitor 


What Christ Does for India 


AT a conversation 
with the editor at 
the Calgary Con- 
ference, I said that I re- 
garded this picture as the 
most definite evidence of 
results in our India Mis- 
sion that I had ever seen. 
Some time later he wrote 
me for a statement con- 
cerning my opinion of 
what I saw in the picture. 

This picture appeared 
on the cover of the May 
number of the Missionary 
Visitor of 1922. 

It appears to me that I 
see in the physiognomy of 
those girls that their 
teachers succeeded in in- 
structing them in mo- 
rality, good behavior, or 
deportment, besides giving 
both educational and re- 
ligious training. Their 
faces show joy, happiness 
and contentment, in antici- 
pating higher attainments 
for greater service. Look 
again at their general ap- 
pearance. How neat, plain, 
and orderly! They are 
really exponents of the 
principles of humility, sim- 

Graduates of Anklesvar Primary School and Now in Normal School, India 

plicity and sincerity and altogether are a 
severe rebuke to the cultured (?) American 
girls, with their bobbed and otherwise di- 
sheveled hair and other unbecoming man- 
ners of dress. 

All told, this picture justifies full credit 
to the teachers who have had charge of 
them from the beginning as having accom- 
plished the end foreseen by the Church of 
the Brethren by its missionaries to foreign 

Now we can begin to reason. If these six 
native Indian children can be nurtured in 
the New Testament way of salvation, thou- 
sands of others in India may be so nur- 
tured. And what is possible in India may 
be duplicated in China and Africa and 

other lands. What an argument in favor 
of the most liberal support of our General 
Mission Fund! 

Two more things the above picture em- 
phasize indirectly: First, that all mission- 
aries to foreign countries must have both 
literary and doctrinal training; literary, that 
they may be capable to organize, teach and 
manage schools of every grade, when 
needed; doctrinal, that they at once may 
lead the children in the way of the Great 
Teacher, Christ. We have found that the 
best place to give our missionaries this train- 
ing is in our Brethren schools or colleges. 
Here, then, is the necessity for the highest 
standard of schools, made so by the most 
capable faculties and the best equipments 


The Missionary Visitor 


Eld. L. W. Teeter 

in general, that they may, with the Gospel 
in hand, present to the natives a far more 
attractive way of life than any heathen 
leader can show them. 

In conclusion, the picture goes far to 
prove the statement that " the hope of the 
Church of the Brethren in foreign mission 
fields is in the children." The picture dem- 
onstrates the truth of that statement. I 
would like to see the pictures of six hea- 
then girls who had had no such training 
as these, for the sake of the contrast. It 
would be an argument in favor of foreign 

This implies the necessity of the all-suffi- 
cient endowment of our colleges, that this 
may be possible. 

Hagerstown, Ind. 


$1.00 spent for lunch lasts 5 hours. 
$1.00 spent for a necktie lasts 5 weeks. 
$1.00 spent for a cap lasts 5 months. 
$1.00 spent for an auto lasts 5 years. 
$1.00 spent for a railroad lasts 5 decades. 
$1.00 spent in God's service lasts for eter- 
nity. — Roger W. Babson. 

Our Fir^l Tent Meeting 

Missionary to China 

LAST spring the men's and women's 
evangelistic departments of Ping Ting 
met in a joint meeting to talk over 
plans whereby they might advance their 
work. One plan suggested was the use of 
a tent. Owing to the difficulty of moving 
things over the mountain roads some 
thought it would not be advisable. A com- 
mittee was appointed to consider the propo- 
sition, and they finally decided to purchase 
a tent. It was bought at Shanghai and is 
forty feet long and twenty wide. The cost 
was $250, Mex. The industrial department 
of Ping Ting, which is supervised by Mrs. 
Bright, gave $150, and for this gift we were 
most grateful. 

Our first tent meeting began Oct. 1 in a 
village about five miles from Ping Ting. It 
was a busy time of the year for the farmers; 

nevertheless the meetings were very well 
attended. The tent was, of course, a curi- 
osity to the Chinese, and during the course 
of the meeting, which lasted about three 
weeks, nearly every person of the village, 
old and young, came out to see the tent, 
and heard the Gospel preached. 

Bro. Crumpacker and our Chinese pastor, 
with two other Chinese Christian men and 
two Chinese Christian women, conducted 
the meetings. Besides we had the coopera- 
tion of the medical department. Dr. Coff- 
man held a dispensary each day in a little 
tent adjoining the large tent, and was kept 
busy treating diseases and wrapping up 
sores. While the people waited to have 
the diseases of the body treated, lec- 
tures were given on the care of the body 

(Continued on Next Page) 


The Missionary Visitor, 



From the London Daily 

A Clipping from the December 4 Issue 



Ride for Aid for Her 
Fever-Stricken Husband. 


A thrilling story of a young wife's 
lonely journeyings by bicycle iii the 
heart of Northern Nigeria lies behind 
the brief announcement, in the annual 
report of the Livingstone College, Ley- 
ton, of the death of Mrs. Kulp. 

Daughter of an American doctor in 
comfortable circumstances, Mrs. Kulp 
decided to follow the example of her 
husband and become a missionary in 
Nigeria, where Mr. Kulp had gone in 

To equip herself for the work, she 
came to London, and had a year's train- 
ing as a medical missionary at the 
Livingstone College. 

Sailing to Nigeria in October of last 
year, she was met by her husband, and 
then followed a long railway journey 
to the heart of the country. 


At the railhead they were still more 
than 200 miles from Gar Kida, their 
missionary station, and for a fortnight 
they had to trek across the jungle 
towards this lonely outpost, where they 
were to be the only white people. 

On this journey Mr. Kulp and his 
wife rode on bicycles along the rough 
track, accompanied by 75 natives on 
foot carrying baggage and supplies. 

JFor 14 days tney plodded on at a rate 
of about 15 miles a day, but were still 
four days' journey from their destina- 
tion when the husband fell ill with' 
fever, and had to be carried on an im- 
provised stretcher. 


It was then that Mrs. Kulp rose to 
the occasion. 
















Each morning she saw the party 
safely started on the journey, and 
then alone she cycled ahead along the 
lonely track to the next rest house, 
where she had everything prepared 
in readiness for her sick husband, 
whom she nursed back to health at 
Gar Kida. 

Several months later Mrs. Kulp had 
a bad attack of fever, but pulled 
through, and, although there was no 
doctor within 14 days of the station, re- 
fused to give up 'her work. A second 
time she fell ill with dysentery, and, 
weakened by her arduous work, died. 

She was 28 years of age, and was the 
first post-war student of the' Living- 
stone College to lay down her life on 
the mission field. Ht husband is still 
working at Gar Kida, where he is a 
missionary of the Church of . the 
Brethren, an American organisation. 











(Continued from Page 37) 
and prevention of disease. The remedy for 
the sin-sick soul also was prescribed. 

A great many of the Chinese cannot read 
the Chinese character, and to such we 
taught the phonetic system of reading. The 
alphabet can be learned in a very short 
time. Old women, who never have been 
able to read the character, can be taught 
to read the Bible in two or three weeks. 

On the inside walls of the tent were hung 
gospel pictures and posters. These pic- 
tures appeal to the eye and furnish a splen- 
did point of contact for telling the gospel 
story to those who cannot read. They also 
appeal to the more educated, for on the 
poster are characters telling the story. 

Songs and portions of Scripture were 
taught the children, of whom there always 
were a great number about the tent. Here- 
tofore not much work has been done among 
the children. 

Each evening a stereopticon lecture was 
given. To these lectures nearly all the 
people of the village turned out. 

The immediate fruits of the meeting were 
not so great, but seeds were sown and im- 
pressions made that are sure to bear fruit 
in the future. The Chinese are not emo- 
tional. They move slowly and take time 
to think things over before making deci- 
sions. Pray for us, that our future meet- 
ings may prove a great blessing to the 


The Missionary Visitor 


How I Became Interested in Mission Work 


IT was very early in 
my life when I be- 
came deeply inter- 
ested in missionaries and 
their work. When I was 
a little girl my mother 
took me with her to the 
Methodist church, where 
she then belonged, and 
where we attended Sun- 
day-school every Sunday 
for years. 

Each Sunday money was 
given me to place in the 
basket as my share of the 
offering, and I was al- 
ways reminded of the fact 
that this money was used 
for the spread of "the Gos- 
pel among the heathen 
people across the ocean, 
who knew nothing of our 
Heavenly Father or of the 
Pible which we knew so 

When announcements 
were made by the preach- 
er that on a certain Sun- 
day "a returned mission- 
ary will speak," I was 
eager to be there, that 
I might hear what he 
had to say about the strange people with 
whom he had been working. I found these 
talks wonderfully interesting and I never 
seemed to grow restless or weary in listen- 
ing to them. Their appeals for sympathy 
were touching, and got hold of my young 
heart, seeming to permeate my entire being 
and send a thrill of sorrow through me for 
the people who were in danger of being 
eternally lost if missionaries and money did 
not go to their rescue. I never felt called to 
go as a missionary myself, but always did 
feel that what we owned belonged to the 
Lord, and should be used in helping to 
spread the Gospel over the world. 

To this day a returned missionary's speech 
has this same effect upon me. While I never 
felt called to go as a missionary, I was 

" Maijee " and Her Friends. Sister D. L. Miller in India in 1899. From 
"Life of D. L. Miller" 

glad to go into the foreign field to give 
encouragement to the workers, if possible, 
for I knew they had a longing for the 
Christian sympathy which comes by min- 
gling with those from the homeland of like 
precious faith. 

The Lord be praised for putting into the 
hearts of brethren and sisters the desire 
to go in his name to teach the Word of 
God to those who know it not. 

Mt. Morris, 111. 

Children see a hobbled camel eating vines 
from the hedge at the side of the compound. 

Sara : — Look, what kind of an animal is 
that? What a long neck! 

Bijli : — It's crying. (Lower lip hanging 


The Missionary Visitor 


Helping the Suffering and Diseased in Shou 

Yang, China 

Missionary to China 

THE medical work at Shou Yang 
started four or five years ago when 
the first foreigners from our mission 
arrived here. That is, as far as our mis- 
sion is concerned. The English Baptists 
had done considerable medical work here 
for several years, so that the place was 
quite open for medical work when our mis- 
sion started it. In the beginning the mis- 
sionaries in charge dispensed a few simple 
medicines, or advised a few simple treat- 
ments for those coming to them for help. 
Later a doctor from Ping Ting Chou came 
over once or twice a week to look after the 
patients who arrived on those days, recom- 
mending the worst patients to the hospital 
at Ping Ting. This was much better than 
the old way, but still far from satisfactory. 
Therefore we invited Dr. Hsing, a local man 
who had just graduated in medicine, to 
come and be with us permanently. At first 
he had one very small, unsatisfactory room 
along the main street. It took only two 
or three months to prove that we had made 
the right move. The work outgrew these 
temporary quarters. We then rented a 
whole Chinese court, and started a very 
modest little hospital. The doctor is a 
Christian. He is liked by the local people 
and is interested in bettering the health con- 
ditions of this community. The work is 
continually growing and has a very promis- 
ing future. Now I want to say something 
about the accompanying picture and prob- 
ably a few words concerning other special 

This is a picture of the Shou Yang Hos- 
pital staff and a grateful man who was 
helped by them. Standing behind the table, 
dressed in a white coat, is the doctor. Be- 
side him and also behind the table is the 
grateful man who was helped. He is the 
manager of a money shop here in the city. 
He had some kind of a bladder disease, 
which the Chinese quack doctors tried to 
cure, only making him worse. Believing 
that he was about to die, he entered our 

hospital in July, 1923, as a last resort. The 
doctor performed an operation upon his 
abdomen with the simplest of medical fa- 
cilities and surgical instruments. The man 
stayed in the hospital twenty or more days 
and left at the end of that time for his 
home, perfectly well. He was so grateful 
for this service that he wanted to show his 
appreciation to the doctor and to the hos- 
pital in some special way. So he and the 
helpers in his shop contributed $20 to the 
hospital. Not being satisfied with this, and 
besides being a man of influence in the 
city, he got a number of his friends to 
subscribe. They pledged a total of $91. 
Therefore by helping this man the hospital 
received a special contribution of $111. How 
is that for a man who has had no relation 
with Christianity whatever before this? He 
was anxious that this money be used to 
buy a set of instruments which the doctor 
sorely needed. This list of instruments you 
can see on the table in the picture. 

Later a man was brought in with a bad 
wound in his head. His body was covered 
from head to foot with blood. The man 
was unconscious. His friends had tried to 
stop the blood with flour, but could not, 
because an artery was cut. The doctor 
cleansed the wound, pulled out the artery, 
sewed it up, put it back in, and sewed up 
the wound. After a few days the man 
left the hospital as good as before, with the 
exception of a scar on his head. This man 
would have died before he got to Ping Ting 
Hospital. He contributed over $20 to the 

Recently another man entered the hos- 
pital with blood poisoning in his arm. He 
had had a boil on his hand. A quack doc- 
tor, whose remedy for all such things was 
a sharp-pointed, hot iron, had used this 
remedy, with the result mentioned above, 
besides having injured the tendons in the 
back of the man's hand. The doctor had 
to perform an operation, with the result 
that after a few days the man went home 



The Missionary Visitor 


with a well arm. He also contributed over 
$20 to the hospital. The doctor has much 
work as the result of these quack doctors. 
A little child had been vaccinated by one 
of them eight years ago, with syphilis-in- 
fected vaccine. Soon afterward the child's 
body became a mass of sores. Later all 
his hair fell out. He kept getting worse, 
year after year, until his mouth was so full 
of sores he could not eat or drink. They 
brought him to the hospital the other day. 

He is now a well boy eleven years old. 
So you see how a good Christian man with 
a few hundred dollars of your money can 
relieve much suffering and at the same time 
give us a strong point of contact to win 
patients to Christ in the future here at Shou 
Yang. Don't forget to pray for the Shou 
Yang medical work, and especially for our 
good Christian doctor. 

Shou Yang, Shansi Province. 

" Layman" Is Dead 

THOMAS KANE, known to two gener- 
ations of Christians as "Layman," 
died Sept. 26 at his home in Evanston, 
111. He was 87 years old. 

Mr. Kane was a long-time elder in Third 
church of Chicago, and in past years had 
been active in Chicago Presbytery, in 
Illinois Synod, in work of the General As- 
sembly and among Christians of all denom- 
inations. In and out of the Presbyterian 
Church he has been known for nearly fifty 
years as an indefatigable exponent of tith- 

In 1876 Thomas Kane began circulating 
at his own expense pamphlets signed " Lay- 

man " in which he urged on Christian peo- 
ple the duty of paying a tenth of their in- 
comes to the work of God. These and later 
pamphlets, with innumerable tracts on tith- 
ing which have been issued by Mr. Kane, 
have gone to ministers, theological students, 
elders, deacons, stewards, laymen and lay- 
women generally. Often these have been 
given, cost free and postage paid, to min- 
isters or laymen in quantities for their own 
distribution. The same issue of The Con- 
tinent that contains this notice of Mr. 
Kane's death includes also an advertisement, 
inserted before Mr. Kane's death by The 
(Continued on Page 53) 


The Missionary Visitor 


The United Di^trid: Boards of the Church of the 

Brethren of Nebraska 


Pastor of the South Beatrice Church and Chairman 

of the United Boards of Nebraska 

IT has been suggested by our Home Mis- 
sion Secretary that the plans and meth- 
ods used in District mission work in the 
Middle West may be of interest, especially 
to those who live in the more thickly-set- 
tled portions of the East, where States are 
divided into a number of Districts, and 
where the churches are numerous and no 
lack of workers is, or should be, felt. 

Here in Nebraska the State constitutes 
the District, the churches, seventeen in 
number, are widely separated, and because 
of the far-intervening spaces, all these 
churches are not always represented at the 
District Meeting, and but few of them at 
Annual Conference. Last year six of the 
seventeen churches failed to represent at 
District Meeting, and our entire State had 
but one man on Standing Committee. The 
total resident membership of our State, or 
District, is but 954, and non-resident mem- 
bers 96. 

The greatness of the almost untouched 
field inspires one with awe, the need for 
workers is obvious, the appeal to earnest 
hearts who are willing to serve is strong and 
compelling; truly it can be said of this 
State, " The Lord hath need of workers. " 

Because of the above conditions, the 
scattered few, the wide, open spaces, the 
isolation, the expenses entailed by travel, 
we found it poor economy, from both the 
spiritual and financial standpoints, to main- 
tain three committees and four boards to 
direct the different activities and depart- 
ments of church life and work in the State. 
We were not getting results. 

Hence the following plan was made and 

Request from Elders' Body — Change in Church 

In order that the work of our District boards and 
committees may be more efficiently and effectually 
done, we, the elders of the District, ask this District 
Meeting that the following readjustments be made: 

1. That the Temperance and Purity Committee, the 
Child Rescue Committee, and the Old Folks' Home 
Committee, be united into one committee, known 
as the Social Welfare Board. 

2. That a Board of Religious Education be created. 

3. That the Social Welfare Board, the Board of 
Religious Education, the Mission Board, and the 
Ministerial Board be united into one organization, 
to be known as the United District Boards of the 
Church of the Brethren of Nebraska. This organiza- 
tion shall consist of six persons, one of whom shall 
be president, one treasurer, and the other four sec- 
retaries of the four activities represented in the 
beard. Each secretary shall, after careful and prayer- 
ful deliberation by the United Boards, be set apart 
for the particular activity for which he is best fitted. 
He shall be responsible for furthering the work of his 
particular department, and shall confer constantly 
with the president in promoting his work. He shall 
carefully study the District with a view of develop- 
ing to the highest possible degree of efficiency the 
work of his department. He shall make an annual re- 
port to the District, prepare the District program, 
covering the work of his department, and make rec- 
ommendations to the United Boards for promoting 
hi s work. 

The United Boards shall meet as often as ex- 
pedient to promote the work of each department, 
and plan for the best interests of the District as a 
whole. All other members of the board shall act 
in an advisory capacity to each secretary, and shall 
by united or majority action move forward in each 
department's work. All bills shall be approved by 
the board, or at least by the president and treasurer, 
before being paid, to which bills a voucher shall be 
presented. In the absence of the president, the 
treasurer shall preside at meetings of the board. Each 
member of the board shall be elected for a term of 
three years, from nominations submitted by Elders' 
Meeting, except the first board, two of which shall 
be elected for three years, two for two years, and 
two for one year. Provided that in case of gross 
neglect of duty on the part of any member of the 
board, the remaining members may recommend to 
the District Meeting a new appointment. Provided, 
further, that in case of vacancy, the United Boards 
may fill vacancy by appointment until next District 
Meeting. The United Boards shall meet at the close 
of this District Meeting for organization. The mod- 
erator of District Meeting shall preside at the first 

4. The funds of the " Missionary Educational Com- 
mittee," the " District Poor Fund," the " Nebraska 
Poor Fund," the " Foreign Mission Committee 
Treasurer," and the " District Mission Board " shall 
be cared for by the treasurer of the United Boards. 

5. That all boards and committees affected _ by 
above plans be honorably discharged and all previous 
decisions, conflicting, be hereby repealed and new 
members elected as above indicated. 

6. That the office of Sunday School and Mission 
Educational Secretary be absorbed by the Secretary 
of Religious Education. 

Motion carried to amend the regular paper by stat- 
ing that said officers be elected as follows: Two for 
one year, two for two years, and two for three 

Motion carried, that paper with amendment be 

In the above plan it will be noticed that 
one chairman serves the board, while a 
particular secretary represents each of the 
several departments of the work. By this 
means we hope for a closer union of these 
churches, so widely separated, not alone by 


The Missionary Visitor 


miles, but by that subtle disintegration of 
the spiritual relationship brought about by 
the meager opportunity for personal con- 
tact "with those of like precious faith," 
the value of which can hardly be estimated. 
We hope for a united interest in a common 
cause to be brought about by visiting the 
weaker churches, encouraging by kindness 
and sympathy the faithful few in isolated 
groups, supplying evangelistic services, and 
in some cases helping by correspondence; 
and one important aim is to put a pastor in 
every church in the State. 

We hope for a more spiritual conception 
of our responsibilities and opportunities in 
this great field, to infuse a truer missionary 
spirit, and a greater zeal in the stronger 
churches for the strengthening of the weak- 
er ones. 

As to the financial phase of the subject, 
we recognize the absolute need of a busi- 
nesslike system, to which we must adhere 
with scrupulous integrity of purpose. 

In short — conservation of our forces, spir- 
itual, financial, mental and physical, the con- 
secration of our powers, and the concen- 
tration of the resultant energy toward build- 
ing up the District. 

Business acumen, systematic methods, a 
big vision of the future possibilities here in 
the wide, open spaces of the West, where 
God's people have a wonderful opportunity 
to implant Christian principles, the seed of 
missionary love and endeavor — these are 
some of the results we are hoping for, where 
simple nature, quietude and semi-isolation 
are conducive to earnest, consecutive 
thought and close communion with God. 

Holmesville, Nebr. 


Lola Helser 
We are glad to report that Bro. Kulp completely 
recovered from the fever that laid him by the 
last few days of last month. How grateful we 
all are for the blessings of health! We all appreci- 
ate the help of our mission doctor. 

The medical and the educational work have gone 
forward much as usual this month. In the language 
and evangelistic departments we have some inter- 
esting new developments to report. 


It is always a problem to develop a Christian 
literature among people who have not had a writ- 

ten language. The mission decided to give the final 
revision to Mark and send it to the press by 
Nov. 1; also to prepare a second reader, an Old 
Testament Story Book, a Life of Christ and to 
translate the Acts of the Apostles. 

The development in the evangelistic department 
is most inspiring to us. It is this department that 
all of our work aims to push forward. Sept. 18 
the first special Bible class met. We had Bible 
teaching before, but it was open to all. This class 
is not open to all, because we feel that new peo- 
ple entering will hinder the progress of the class. 
It was a problem in our minds to know whom to 
admit and whom we should ask to wait for a 
second class. It was decided to admit sixteen to' 
this class and ask the others to wait. All who 
enter this class express a definite desire to know 
more about Jesus. The class has five meetings a 
week. Pray for us who teach. Choose from the 
roll one whom you will pray for daily. The Bible 
Class Roll — Mama, Ka Bura, Polesar, Jimnati, Salu, 
Laku, Yamta, Doli, Dalta, Hyelendiga, Mallam KukU, 
Jida, Mada, Garba, Damboy and Yoksa. 

It was also decided to resume the village services 
at Pechuroma as soon as the river could be crossed.; 
It was decided to open weekly evangelistic services 
and medical clinics in two new villages, Wiagu and 
Garu. It was decided to start regular Sunday- 
school work on the first Sunday in October. 

Sister Kulp's grave is a sacred spot to all of us. 
Bro. Kulp has set a nice hedge about it and planted 
beautiful flowers. j8 

Our Bura people say that we are having very 
unusual rains this year. One old man told me 
the other day that it was the most that he had 
seen for ten years. ,»& 

October Notes 

This month marks the beginning of regular Sun- 
day-school sessions. The Sunday-school was or- 
ganized, with Bro. Kulp as superintendent and 
the evangelistic committee as a Sunday-school 
board. Five classes were arranged for — Bura men, 
women, boys, girls, and Hausa people — to be taught 
by the missionaries for the present. We are teach- 
ing a few Old Testament stories leading up to the 
birth of Jesus for the Christmas story. Over one 
hundred were in attendance on the first Sunday, but 
the average attendance for the month was slightly 
less than that. It is hoped that through the. 
Sunday-school the older men and women may learn 
enough of the Bible truths to get an earnest de- 
sire for their souls' salvation. Some are being 
awakened from their lost condition and are be- 
coming eager to know more about Jesus as the 
Son of God and their Savior as well as ours. 

The Sunday morning services at Pechuroma, the 
village just across the Hawal River, could not' 
be resumed until the first of this month because 
of the unusually hard rains this year. Evan- 
gelistic services and medical treatments were 
started on Wednesdays and Thursdays alternately 


The Missionary Visitor 


at Garu and Wiagu, villages three and four miles 
from Garkida. Pray for these people, that they 
may not forget the truths taught and the heal- 
ing touches from week to week, and that it may 
influence them to come to the regular mission 
services and the school. 

On the 11th of this month Dr. Burke performed 
a very successful operation on another elephantiasis 
case. The enlarged part removed weighed 59 
pounds and the poor man could not thank God 
and the Christian doctor enough for his great re- 
lief. This man can not speak the Bura language, 
but he is of a smaller tribe called Borroro. His 
people are owners of large herds of cattle and 
wander from place to place. They occasionally 
bring butter and milk to the mission for sale. 
May this blessing from God to him open the hearts 
of his tribe to Christ! The boy on whom Dr. 
Burke performed the other operation of a similar 
type is hospital boy and a most willing helper. 

This is the season of the year when all govern- 
ment roads are cleared. One man from each house 
is required to work on the road each day until 
their portion is completed, which took the people 
at Garkida a little over two days. It was de- 
cided by the mission to dismiss school on these 
days and urge the schoolboys to help on the road. 
It was not a matter of compulsion but we hoped 
through this action to develop the community 
spirit. The road will be worked, banks cut down 
and gutters filled in and put in shape for motor 
use. ^ 

We are anxiously looking forward to the coming 
of the new party from America. It is planned 
to house them temporarily with the three families 
now on the field until the necessary houses can 
be erected in their or our respective fields of labor. 
As soon as the translation of Mark can be finally 
revised and sent off to press, Brethren Kulp and 
Helser will be off on a two weeks' tour to preach 
the Word and locate the most suitable situation 
for regular evangelistic and school work, at least 
during this dry season. 

Musical instruction is now being given in the 
school by Dr. and Mrs. Burke. The boys and girls 
appreciate this addition to the curriculum. A 
couple more hymns have been translated by them, 
and these also are welcomed. Bro. Kulp has been 
released from the school work in order to spend 
more time on the translation work. Pupil teachers 
are being used more and more in teaching the 
beginning classes, which is as it should be, look- 
ing forward to their future usefulness among their 
own people. jt 

After a year of very good health Bro. Helser had 
an attack of malarial fever and was laid up for 
one week. At this season the mosquitoes are es- 
pecially plentiful, and every attempt is being made 
to escape their bold attacks and clear the com- 
pound of any breeding places. 

The newly-organized Bible class for advanced 

schoolboys has been faithfully attended five times 
each week. As a result of the teaching that they 
have already had one boy has voluntarily decided 
to give his tithe to the Lord, and we believe that 
he is making an honest attempt to live up to 
what he knows to be right. Will you not pray 
earnestly for this boy and others, that they may 
lay hold of the power of Christ and thus be able 
to withstand the many temptations that would draw 
them back into heathenism and devil worship? May 
not the giving of his four cents out of forty cents 
which he earns a week inspire boys and girls in 
America to give their tithe and lives to their 



Minnie F. Bright 

Because of the political war in North China it 
was impossible to send the Visitor notes at the 
usual time for October. We were cut off from the 
outside world, and this means practically from every- 
thing outside the province, for over three weeks. 
Mails were a most welcome sight again. It is 
useless to give a statement of the political situa- 
tion at present, as the scenes change too rapidly. 

Early in October our new people went to Peking, 
where they are busy in language study. Bro. Bright 
accompanied them and assisted in getting them 
settled. Later he went to Tientsin on a business 
trip for the mission. *j 

The Ikenberrys moved to Tai Yuan Fu to begin 
their work in that city. They are a very welcome 
addition to our little band there, but we miss them 
very much at Ping Ting. 

The outlook in Tai Yuan is very promising. We 

now have about thirty members, with a number 

of inquirers enrolled. The capital city is a great 
field of opportunity. 

Bro. Heisey is getting into his work in 
earnest now, since back from furlough, and 
one is never happier than when busy about 
the Master's business. With some of his 
helpers he went to a village, some miles out 
from Shou Yang, recently, and at the close 
of their work there fifteen gave their names 
as inquirers. It was the first time a foreigner 
had been to this village, but the people had 
heard of the Christ through one of the vil- 
lagers who had been helped in the hospital. 

Mr. Liu, the new evangelist at Shou Yang, is tak- 
ing hold of the work very nicely and is a great 
help there. Bro. Heisey writes as follows: " The 
workers in the men's evangelistic department have 
returned from a second visit to the western part 
of Yu County, and all are enthusiastic about the 
outlook in that section. As a direct result of the 
two visits to that section, more than thirty people 
have definitely enlisted as enquirers." 


The Missionary Visitor 


More than forty people have enrolled as en- 
quirers in the Shou Yang field since January. Pray 
for these, that the good seed be not lost in their 
lives. <£t 

The Anti-Narcotic Society of Shou Yang, in co- 
operation with the mission, put on a public pro- 
gram and demonstration not long ago. Many people 
came out to listen to the speeches against the evils 
of opium and its attendant sins, and we hope some 
good was done in helping the country to rid her- 
self of this evil. <£t 

Miss Senger is out, touring the villages in the 
southwestern part of Liao district. She plans to be 
out until Christmas. «£8 

The Oberholtzers have moved to Liao Chou, where 
Bro. Oberholtzer will take charge of the men's evan- 
gelistic work. Bro. Raymond Flory is taking up 
agiculture work along with the school and evangel- 
istic work. This is rather a new field, but one of 
unlimited opportunities. 

The Ping Ting Boys' School celebrated the birth 
of the Chinese Republic with fitting addresses by 
competent speakers. There were special songs and 
a pantomime. Much enthusiasm was aroused among 
the people, who love their country, and it was real- 
ly touching to listen to the beautiful song, " God 
Save Our Country." 

One of our young Christian teachers in the 
Ping Ting Girls' School was taken serious- 
ly ill. She ran a very high temperature for 
days and the doctors could not locate her 
trouble. We almost despaired of her life, 
when she was anointed and almost immediate- 
ly her fever began to leave her and a most 
remarkable cure was the result. She has 
enjoyed a most precious experience with her 
Lord in all this, and has dedicated her life 
anew to him. 

The tent meetings are proving a great success in 
the Ping Ting district. Some one remarked re- 
cently that the tent had paid for itself already by 
keeping the evangelists so busy and giving them 
a new interest in their work. Hundreds of people 
gather each night to hear the Word. Two of our 
Bible women accompany the tent and through the 
day care for the many women and children who come 
to hear and learn. «»& 

We are having to reduce the work of the poor 
women in the industrial department, as we can get 
no material from the coast to continue it. This is 
due to war conditions. It is quite a hardship for 
some of the poor women, and many prayers are 
being offered for peace to come speedily. 

Bro. Crumpacker left a few days ago for his fur- 
lough, going by way of India. Because of the un- 
settled condition of the country and disconnected 
train service he started early in order to reach his 
boat. The schools and many of the Christians 
were out to see him off. All were sorry to have 

him leave, but he has earned a well-deserved fur- 
lough. ^ 

P. S. — One day later. A fine boy born to Dr. and 
Mrs. Wampler Nov. 23. 


Nettie B. Summer 
The work at Palghar is still in its infancy. The 
station work is very light, leaving the Hollenbergs 
free to devote full time to the school. During the 
rains the indigenous boys kept coming till the en- 
rollment was not far from one hundred. Then in 
October the influenza epidemic brought down many 
with sickness. Since then about twenty boys have 
not come back. However, new ones continue to 
arrive. We are glad for the indigenous element. 
There is no doubt but that through the influence of 
Christianity a desire for enlightenment and better 
things has been aroused. As these " jungly " boys 
walk into the way of enlightenment, may they, above 
all things, learn to know and accept our Jesus. 

The Butterbaughs are out in the district. They 
enjoy their work and the people are much more 
friendly than last year. The children think tenting 
is real sport. Wilma calls the tent their " jungalow." 
The people are quite touched when they hear of the 
" home going " of Beryl and the coming of little 
Gladden. & 

A successful institute for the workers of the Umal- 
lo-Vali and Anklesvar districts was held at Vali 
the last of October. Bro. Lichty conducted a class 
in Romans. Bro. Summer gave a study of village 
life. Bro. Miller had a mission study class. Sister 
Shumaker gave some Sunday-school helps and a 
report of the Glasgow convention. Vishram, from 
Surat, the children's missionary, gave some very 
helpful lectures. »j 

The first of November found the mission family 
assembled at Bulsar for conference. Three days 
were devoted to devotional meetings. Dr. Clancy, 
of the Methodist Mission, was present and gave us 
some very inspiring and heart-searching messages. 
On Sunday evening a memorial service was held 
for Sister Berkebile and Beryl Butterbaugh. 


Sisters Miller and Ziegler arrived in time to at- 
tend the mission conference. The former is located 
at Jalalpor, in charge of the Girls' School, and the 
latter is at Umalla for evangelistic work in the 

Umalla, via Anklesvar, Broach Dist., Dec. 12. 


by Elgin Moyer. 

The Mission Study Text for 1925. The first edi- 
tion sold within the first five months. 


Elgin, 111. 


The Missionary Visitor 


The Other Side of Our Work 

Missionary to China 

THINGS new call out our interest, but 
in time they become commonplace. 
As they become familiar they some- 
times lose their power of creating interest. 
It is upon one's arrival in China that one is 
inspired to write on the customs, accom- 
plishments, and possibilities of the people. 
Many books are written on things Chinese 
by folks who have little more than touched 
the border of the country. Things not well 
understood are often fruitful topics for 
writers and travelers. They give large 
place for the imagination and make attrac- 
tive (?) reading for the friends at home. 

What is true in the experience of an in- 
dividual may be true in the experience of 
an institution. A few years ago we were 
able to tell of new and unusual things. 
With the passing of the years we have be- 
come more accustomed to the things that 
seemed so strange at first. The romance of 
our earlier years has passed, and now we 
find that our work is much the same as 
work at home. We have had some disap- 
pointments during these years. We have 
miscalculated in places and the fruits of 
our work are not so rich as we had prom- 
ised ourselves that they would be. When 
we take stock we find that we have had 
losses. Most of us will agree that we have 
worked on a " trial and error " basis and 
have had the usual number of failures. 

Some who came into the church have not 
continued steadfast in their early purpose. 
Not all the students in our schools become 
members of the church, and some that were 
full of promise have not become outstand- 
ing leaders of their people. There have 
been opened a few preaching places which 
have not come up to our expectations. 
Some of our schools have not accomplished 
as much as we had hoped, because of a lack 
of proper teachers. We have invested 
money in the training of men and women 
for leadership and some of them have not 
proved themselves fitted for the work. We 
have constructed buildings and have dis- 
covered that some of them did not suit our 
needs exactly. This should not be entirely 

unexpected. We possess no superior knowl- 
edge. Because of needs on the field some 
of us have had to do things for which we 
were not prepared. Then, to make the dif- 
ficulty still greater, we have to contend with 
strange customs and learn another lan- 
guage. I am not thinking of our work only. 
Every mission has had to meet the same 
problems and is not solving them any bet- 
ter than are we. 

Now the spirit of inquiry is prevalent 
everywhere. We may lament it or we may 
be glad for it, but the fact remains un- 
changed. It is felt by the folks in the 
homeland and it is felt with equal force by 
those on the field. Questions as to aim 
and method are being propounded by work- 
ers on the field, and the people at home are 
asking: "What is being done on the field? " 
"Is anything being accomplished? " and "Is 
it really worth while to spend our money 
for that work? " That is right. Those 
questions ought to be asked and we ought 
to do our best to answer them frankly, 
though it may not be easy. The important 
one with us is, "How?" It is an ever- 
present question in the field of education, 
and we must constantly consider the fol- 
lowing queries : What particular type of 
training will most fully fit our students for 
service in their community where they can 
exert a definite Christian impress? Is a 
general course the best? In this land of 
such a surplus of laborers and the conse- 
quent difficulty of getting into remunerative 
employment, how shall we prepare our 
young men most fully for life? Will a vo- 
cational school fill the need? Many people 
around us are poor. To what extent shall 
we aid them directly with mission funds 
in order that they may be able to attend our 
schools? Some fail when given employment 
in the mission. Others, in the eyes of the 
common people, are no more efficient in 
any occupation than they would have been 
had they never entered our schools. Some 
who were helped through many years of 
schooling slip away and we scarcely hear of 
them again. How can these losses be 


The Missionary Visitor 


avoided? These are a few of our problems 
that are not easy of solution. 

While I have mentioned some of our 
problems and some of our failures, I would 
not have it thought that it is all failure; by- 
no means. We do find a very large number 
of our Christmas becoming a positive saving 
power in a dark world. We do find some 
able leaders who will take responsibility and 
serve their people with abandon. The king- 

dom of heaven does not go forward by leaps 
and bounds, but it does go forward gradual- 
ly. It is doing that in China and will con- 
tinue so long as our friends in America 
stand back of the work. My prayer is that 
we may have the fullest cooperation of the 
home church, and that we may all go for- 
ward with the greatest of unity in effort 
and purpose to claim the world for Christ. 

Soap Making and Missions 


From a personal letter written by Sister Nettie 
M. Senger, who is stationed at Liao Chow, China, 
to another missionary, we take the following in- 
teresting paragraphs: 

I JUST received your letter as I was 
going out the dining-room door to get 
on the mule to start for Yu Hsien. I 
had been home one week from the east 
district before I started for here. I will 
be here a month, that is, I will be away 
from Liao a month, and will leave the 
women here and go on to Chin Chow for 
a few days, then come back for the big fair 
here. After that I will leave one of the 
women here and take the other with me for 
a tour of the nine villages west and north 
of Yu Hsien. By the time I return to Liao 
I will have traveled over 500 li, not a great 
distance, but when one is at it all the time 
it soon counts up in the strength and time 
that it takes. Last month I traveled in 
three weeks' time nearly 400 li and at- 
tended a big fair for a week. I also had 
a class for ten days, out of which came two 
applicants for baptism. I visited two vil- 
lages besides and gave twenty stereopticon 
lectures. These lecturess were public health 
slides from Shanghai, the Life of Christ 
and the Life of St. Paul. I led two big 
meetings at Matien and attended a Chris- 
tian wedding, the first at Matien. 

You asked for experiences in soap mak- 
ing. I think that I have never told you 
about the two times that we made soap, 
and the things that happened. At the first 
village after it was done I dished out a lit- 
tle to let them see how it would get hard, 
and soon a number were carrying small 
vessels to have a little soap put in — little 

tin soap dishes or match cases, big bowls, 
small bowls, broken bowls that had to be 
held to a side to keep the bit of soap in, 
and odd-shaped little cups for it to mold 
in. The sight became very interesting. The 
women were quite attentive and a number 
were present, and also the men of their 
homes. All the members of the church were 
there. They got the name of the stuff I 
used, and since I did not know the Chinese 
name they called it " lye yao, " the foreign 
name, adding the word for medicine. They 
weighed the water, so they would know 
how much to use. 

At the next place where I made soap the 
interesting scene came after the soap was 
made. I cannot tell you all that took place 
while this was being done. The women in 
whose court we were living and made the 
soap were going to heat some water and 
wash a few clothes in the kettle of soapy 
water. But before it was hot the kettle 
was surrounded by children, washing their 
hands. There were seven or eight of them. 
All could not get around, so they hunted up 
wash basins and asked for a little soap, and 
" squats " of four or five at a number of 
wash basins dotted the two courts. Alto- 
gether it made a laughable scene, they were 
so eager to wash and took such delight in 
playing in the thick suds. By the time this 
part of the program was over I think that 
for once in the life of the village every child 
had clean hands and face at the same time. 

(Continued on Page 64) 


The Missionary Visitor 




Brethren Sun* 

Rock Run, Ind., Junior Society 

Last summer 
Brotherhood we 
ing missionary 
tures and the st s 
dicate somethin 





A Partial Report of Missionary Money 

Earned by the Children During 1924 

Intermediate class, South Keokuk Sunday- 
school, Iowa, $ 35.00 

Conway Springs Sunday-school, Kans., 25.05 

Intermediate Boys' class, South Waterloo S. S., 

Iowa 5.45 

Primary department, Lincoln congregation, 

Nebr., 10.40 

Ivester Juniors, Grundy Center, Iowa, 85.11 

The Sunshine class, Huntington, Ind., 38.54 

Primary department, Batavia, Iowa, 18.00 

Junior C. W. Society, Milledgeville, 111., 5.00 

Orlando, Jasper, and Esther Miller, Mt. Solon, 

Va., 31.13 

Sunnyside primary and intermediate depart- 
ments, Wash 149.78 

Zion Hill S. S., Ohio, 23.95 

Winchester Junior class, Idaho, 1.00 

Intermediate Girls' class, So. Waterloo S. S., 

la., 7.85 

Junior and primary departments, La Verne, 

Calif., 34.23 

Primary, junior and intermediate departments, 

Dexter, Mo., 38.29 


"Enclosed is a check for $149.78, which 
has been given by the primary and inter- 
mediate departments as earnings of their 
investment fund given them last spring." 
Thus reads a paragraph from the letter 
written by W. Henry Smith, secretary of 
the Sunnyside Sunday-school. He prom- 
ises that the Visitor's readers shall learn 
more about how they earned their money. 


Lincoln, Nebr., Missionary Boosters 

Marietta i^ 

Center, |k an /: 


The Missionary Visitor 


k Work 

School Pupils 

Iren all over the 
ngaged in earn- 
ley. These pic- 
i; that follow in- 
f their success. 

Clear Creek, Ind., Sunshine Class 


Last spring we received a little pamphlet 
from the General Mission Board, asking 
the boys and girls to try to earn money 
for missions, and suggesting that the money 
earned should be used for a boys and girls' 
school in India, China, or Africa. 

The boys and girls knew Sister Homer 
Burke, as she one time lived in the Rock 
Run congregation. Her father is now elder 
of the Rock Run, Ind., church, and we often 
hear news from her about their work. So 
the children decided to earn money for the 
Garkida Africa Boys' school. 

As we are in the country the children 
planned to raise chickens, and below you 
will see the result of 21 settings of eggs: 
Florence Pletcher $ 10.00 

Opal Berkey 4.86 

Jerusha Berkey 486 

Kenneth Culver 3.42 

Thelma Weaver 5.00 

Sarah Weaver 7.25 

Opal Hartsough 7.00 

Ruth Hartsough 5.40 

Clara Duker 6.00 

Walter Cripe 2.50 

Maynard Cripe 2.50 

Victor Stine 5.50 

Carol Stine 5.50 

Harold Cripe 6.94 

Donald Cripe 6.94 

Mervin Cripe 6.94 

Pauline Phillips 8.19 

(Continued on Page 55) 


h i^^faC ■■IK 


annette Sheller, Grundy 
and Their Chickens 

Topeco, Va., Primaries 


The Missionary Visitor 



©Ijt QJnrkf tra' Gontf r 

The editor invites helpful contributions for this department 
of the Visitor 


— "t 

The Missionary Standard 


A Missionary Program for Congregations 


I. A Missionary Committee or Superintendent Actively at Work 15 

II. The Church School of Missions, or at Least One Mission Study Class 

Annually 15 

III. A Quarterly Missionary Program 10 

IV. The Every-Member Canvass for Missions 15 

V. Systematic and Proportionate Giving to the General (5) and District 

(5) Mission Boards. We Recommend the Weekly Envelope 

System 10 

VI. Missionary Contributions Increased Over Preceding Year 10 

VII. Missionary Instruction in the Sunday-school. Emphasis on Steward- 
ship and Tithing 10 

VIII. A Well Organized Effort to Place the Visitor in the Home of Every 

Member 5 

IX. A Special Missionary Message Annually 5 

X. A Bulletin Board Where Missionary Notices and Posters Are Shown 5 
Send to General Mission Board, Elgin, for leaflet explaining each of 
these ten points. 


Anointing in Ping Ting Hospital. — We 

have had one very interesting case, who left 
quite recently, a teacher from the girls' 
school. She had a fierce temperature, 
which held on so long it seemed nothing 
did her any good. Finally one day Miss 
Metzger came over and read to her the 
chapter in James on the anointing service, 
and explained it to her. She said she 
would like to have it. So on Sunday morn- 
ing they came and anointed her. Her 
temperature dropped that day and she im- 
proved rapidly from that on and went 
home, running no temperature. She was 
some time regaining her strength before 
she left. She said she felt better imme- 
diately, the same hour. She thinks her 
sickness was only to bring her closer to 
her Savior, and she declares she is going 
to serve him with more zeal than she has 
been doing. She said her zeal was waning. 

She has a remarkable father. He is a 
painter. He has only the two girls, but 
he says he is not going to marry them off 
until they are ready to make the choice 
for themselves. That is far from the Chi- 
nese custom. He has had several chances 
to sell them, but has not done it. 

Nineteen Chinese Nurses in Training. — 
Sister Elizabeth Baker, one of our nurses 
in China, says she has nineteen Chinese in 
nurses' training. She writes : " I have a 
new class of four nurses this fall, one girl 
and three boys. It is a little hard on the 
girl, for we are having the girls and the 
boys in the same class together this year. 
We have one of the dearest little babies in 
the ward now. It is so pretty and is 
doing so well. It came by a Cesarean sec- 
tion. We have had about seventeen such 
operations this year." 

The Laton (Calif.) Church Is Engaged in 
a Church School of Missions. — The C W. 


The Missionary Visitor 


hour is being used the first six weeks of 
1925 for this school, which is under the 
direction of the C. W. officers and the mis- 
sionary committee. 

The First Church, Philadelphia, reports 
the following disbursement of mission funds 
for 1924: 

Mission Treasurer's Report 

The following distributions have been made for 
missions since January 1, 1924: 

World-wide missions $ 520.58 

Ruth Kulp fund 752.75 

Home Missions 681.79 


Sunshine Day nursery 5.00 

Pottstown parsonage 50.00 

Children's Aid 261.85 

Ministerial education 51.85 

Virginia Industrial School ." 30.28 

The Share Plan Works Fine.— We just 
organized our Y. P. class at Junior, and 
would like to do something for the mission 
cause. Can we still buy $50 certificates in 
the Africa Mission Share Plan? If so, the 
sooner you mail us one, the better satisfied 
we will be and the sooner your board will 
have $50. Our young people are ready. Let 
them in on the work. Trusting you will 
handle this promptly, I am, 

Arthur Warner. 

Junior, W. Va. 

President Coolidge and Secretary of State 
Hughes were presented a memorial by Dr. 
W. L. Darby, acting Washington secretary 
of the Federal Council of Churches, because 
of their satisfactory attitude on the recent 
Japanese controversy. They emphatically 
denied knowledge of any real situation 
threatening the peace between Japan and 
the United States, and in addition scored 
the jingoes who are intermittently if not 
continuously trying to stir up a bitter feel- 
ing between the two races. In this con- 
nection President Coolidge announced that 
the United States would not enter into a 
competitive naval armament race with Ja- 
pan or any other nation. 

The strict enforcement of the prohibition 
amendment seems to be the will of a great 
majority of the United States citizens. Rep- 
resentatives of the committee of one thou- 
sand for the enforcement of prohibition 
were recently invited to breakfast with 
President Coolidge. This committee com- 
mended the President for his conscientious 
obedience to the provisions of the Eight- 

eenth Amendment, in the hope that those 
who now break the law will see the value 
of following the example of the first citizen 
of the land in this matter. 


A rich feast is being prepared for the 
Washington Convention (Jan. 28 to Feb. 2) 
at which five thousand delegates are ex- 

. The opening session in the new audi- 
torium will be devoted to a review of the 
spiritual motive and the ground for hope 
in the successful outcome of the world- 
wide work of the church. Next will fol- 
low a review of the present world situa- 
tion. Christ and his message will be ex- 
alted as the one solution of the problems 
of the individual, of society, and of all na- 
tions and races. Another session will be 
devoted to personal testimonies as to the 
effectiveness of living the Christ-life among 
men, of Christian education, of humanitarian 
work, and of Christian literature. The cul- 
tivation of the church at home and the de- 
velopment of the church abroad will be 
dealt with on Saturday by a number of 
speakers of wide experience and on Sun- 
day the themes will be the appeal of Christ 
to his followers and the qualifications re- 
quired for his service. The closing ses- 
sions will be devoted to Christ and inter- 
national relationships and to a considera- 
tion of our great unfinished task. 

Separate simultaneous conferences are 
planned for the afternoons to study the 
various phases of work, the different mis- 
sion fields and the problems of the home 
base. Among the speakers expected to 
take part in the program are President 
Coolidge, Premier King of Canada, Robert 
E. Speer, Rev. J. H. Oldham, John R. Mott, 
Samuel M. Zwemer, Bishop C. H. Brent, 
Dr. W. H. P. Faunce, Miss Jean Mac- 
Kenzie, Dr. E. D. Mouzon of the Southern 
Methodist Church, Hon. N. W. Rowell of 
Canada, Bishop Tucker, James L. Barton, 
Rev. E. Stanley Jones of India, Miss Ida 
Belle Lewis of China, Miss Helen Hunt of 
Burma and Dr. William Axling of Japan- 
Missionary Review of the World. 

The Church of the Brethren was allotted 
forty-eight delegate's credentials. These 


The Missionary Visitor 


were all in demand and we will have rep- 
resentatives there from the Pacific to the 
Atlantic. je j8 


A General European convention of 
Christian Endeavorers, the first to meet 
since the World War, was held in Ham- 
burg, August 15-20, 1924. The report of this 
notable gathering gives some interesting 
facts on the development of Christian 
Endeavor in Germany, the present number 
of societies being 1,465, with 50,575 members. 
The first society was organized in 1894. In 
1904 German Christian Endeavor entered the 
foreign missionary field and took up its 
splendid work in the South Seas. Progress 
continued through the war years, 1914-1918, 
during which more than three hundred En- 
deavorers fell at the front. Since 1918, how- 
ever, the number of societies has doubled 
and the membership increased almost four- 
fold. — Missionary Review of World. 


(Any book listed can be secured from the Breth- 
ren Publishing House, Elgin, 111. 

Progress of World-Wide Missions, Robert 
H. Glover; 372 pp., $2.50. George H. Doran 
Co., New York, 1924. 

Kingdom Without Frontiers, Hugh Mar- 
tin; 91 pp., $1. MacMillan Co., New York, 

Christianity and the Race Problem, J. H. 

Oldham; 265 pp., $2.25; George H. Doran 
Co., New York, 1924. 

Wilfred Grenfell, The Master Mariner, 

Basil Mathews; 178 pp., $1.50; George H. 
Doran Co., New York, 1924. 

The Little Children's Bible, Canon A. 
Nairne (regius professor of divinity in the 
University of Cambridge), Sir Arthur 
Quiller-Couch (professor of English litera- 
ture in the University of Cambridge), and 
T. R. Glover (author of "The Christian 
Tradition and Its Verification," etc.) ; 128 pp., 
$.90; The MacMillan Co, New York, 1924. 

The Older Children's Bible, Canon A. 
Nairne, Sir Arthur Quiller-Couch, and T. 
R. Glover; 296 pp., $1.50; The MacMillan 
Co., New York, 1924. 


(The following lines were written by Sister Eleanor 
J. Brumbaugh, of Huntingdon, Pa., in memory of 
Sister Ruth Kulp, who recently died in Africa. The 
song, " Open the Gates of the Temple," was a fa- 
vorite of Sister Kulp's. Some weeks before her 
death she sent for a copy, but the gates of gold 
were opened to her before the song arrived.) 

The gates of the temple are opened, 
And Africa's children come in 

To learn of the blessed Redeemer, 
The Healer of sorrow and sin. 

Oh, give them your help, and your wel- 

And show them the love of the Christ. 
Our loved ones are laid on the altar 

For service, a full sacrifice. 

The gates of the temple are opened, 
The voice of the heralds be hushed; 

The people are coming to Jesus, 
His Spirit is working, we trust. 

Mysterious thy ways, O dear Father, 
We bow in submission and praise; 

Through tears, we rejoice in thy wisdom; 
New songs of thanksgiving we raise. 

The gates of the temple are opened, 
Oh, bring in the lost and the sad! 

The message of Jesus will save them, 
And angels in heaven be glad. 

The gates of the temple are opened, 
And angelic voices we hearl 

The Savior is calling us — listen ! 
The time of his coming draws near. 

A Scripture Illumination for Praise Meet- 

The following texts should be recited by 
seventeen persons, who bring in turn to the 
platform the decorative letters composing 
the motto : " We Praise Thee, O Lord. " 

W. — We have heard and known, and our 
fathers have told us. We will not hide them 
from their children, shewing to the genera- 
tion to come the praises of the Lord, and 
his strength, and his wonderful works that 
he hath done.— Psa. 78 : 3, 4. 

E. — We give thanks . . . for that thy 
name is near thy wondrous works declare. — 
Psa. 75 : 1. 

P. — Praise waiteth for thee, O God, in 
Sion : and unto thee shall the vow be per- 
formed. — Psa. 65 : 1. 

R. — Praise ye the Lord. I will praise the 
Lord with my whole heart, in the assembly 
of the upright, and in the congregation. — 
Psa. 111:1. 


The Missionary Visitor 


A. — Praise ye the Lord. Blessed is the 
man that feareth the Lord, that delighteth 
greatly in his commandments. — Psa. 112:1. 

I. — Praise ye the Lord: for it is good to 
sing praises unto our God; for it is pleasant; 
and praise is comely. — Psa. 147:1. 

S. — Praise the name of the Lord: for his 
name alone is excellent; his glory is above 
the earth and heaven. — Psa. 148:13. 

E. — Praise ye the Lord. O give thanks 
unto the Lord; for he is good: for his mercy 
endureth forever. — Psa. 106:1. 

T. — Thine, O Lord, is the greatness, and 
the power, and the glory and the victory, 
and the majesty: for all that is in the heav- 
en and in the earth is thine; thine is the 
kingdom, O Lord. — 1 Chron. 29: 11. 

H. — How excellent is thy loving kindness, 
O God! therefore the children of men put 
their trust under the shadow of thy wings. — 
Psa. 36 : 7. 

E. — Exalt ye the Lord our God, and wor- 
ship at his footstool; for he is holy. — Psa. 

E. — Enter into his gates with thanksgiv- 
ing, and into his courts with praise : be 
thankful unto him, and bless his name. — 
Psa. 100:4. 

O. — O give thanks unto the Lord; call up- 
on his name: make known his deeds among 
the people. Sing unto him, sing psalms 
unto him: talk ye of all his wondrous works. 
—Psa. 105 : 1, 2. 

L. — Let us come before his presence with 
thanksgiving, and make a joyful noise unto 
him with psalms. — Psa. 95:2. 

O. — O come, let us sing unto the Lord : 
let us make a joyful noise to the Rock of 
our salvation. — Psa. 95 : 1. 

R. — Righteousness and judgment are the 
habitation of his throne.— Psa. 97: 2. 

D. — Delight thyself also in the Lord; and 
he shall give thee the desires of thine heart. 
—Psa. 37 : 4. 

It is a good thing to give thanks unto the 
Lord, and to sing praises unto thy name, O 
most High : To shew forth thy lovingkind- 
ness in the morning, and thy faithfulness 
every night.— Psa. 92 : 1, 2. 
J* & 

(Continued from Page 41) 

Layman Company, under which name his 
public work in behalf of tithing has been 

carried on for many years, extending the 
time during which the company will give 
free copies of two tithing pamphlets. It 
generally is acknowledged that the cause 
of Christian stewardship in America owes 
more to the life and work of Thomas Kane 
than to that of any other one man of 
modern times. 

Mr. Kane was born in Adams County, 
Ohio, Jan. 2, 1837. He engaged in general 
merchandise at Tipton, Ind., 1858-68, at 
Greenfield, Ind., 1868-70 and at Indianapolis, 
1870-72. In 1872 he went to Chicago and 
three years later began the manufacture of 
school furniture under the trade name of 
Thomas Kane & Company. In 1901 he be- 
came president of the American Spiral Pipe 
Works but in recent years had devoted him- 
self entirely to his work for tithing. He 
was long a trustee and vice president of 
Lewis Institute, Chicago. Mrs. Kane, who 
was Miss Adeline E. Bickle of Tipton, Ind., 
and whom he married in 1860, died several 
years ago. A daughter, Mrs. Theodosia 
Kane Eshbaugh, survives. An article by 
Dan B. Brummitt on the career of " Lay- 
man " appeared in The Continent three 
years ago. 

Funeral services were held at the home 
in Evanston Sept. 29 and were conducted 
by Dr. W. O. Carrier, pastor of Third 
church, Chicago, and Rev. Dan B. Brummitt, 
editor of The Northwestern Christian Ad- 
vocate. Interment was at Oakwoods. — The 




Thirty-Seven Pamphlets, Over 300 Pages, 

by About Forty Authors, 40 Cents 

For 40 cents we offer to send to any address, 
postpaid, a package containing 37 large-page, closely- 
printed tithing pamphlets by about 40 authors of 
various denominations. This package includes a 
Tithing Account Book and three playlets; also, 
pamphlet No. 38, " Winning Financial Freedom," 

We make the stipulation that if, after examina- 
tion, you prefer not to keep this sample package, 
you may return it and we will refund the money 
you paid, together with the amount of return post- 

Please mention the ^Missionary Visitor and always 
give your denomination. 

The Layman Company 

35 N. Dearborn Street 

Chicago, Illinois 


The Missionary Visitor 


Conducted by Aunt Adalyn 


Dear Aunt Adalyn : You asked me wheth- 
er my. uncle from Washington wasn't afraid 
he would run off the precipice. They must 
have been, because they sold their car and 
went back on the train. I promised to tell 
about my white rat pet. It sure was cute. 
It would sleep in your shoe over night, and 
it would get in the clothes. One day we 
were going to wash our clothes. The rat 
had climbed in grandfather's overall pocket. 
We didn't know it, and put it in the wash- 
ing machine and drowned it. I had a 
nice letter from one of the cousins — Doris 
Rule. We had preaching at the church on 
Thanksgiving, and also took up an offering 
for the District Mission work. Tomorrow 
our Sisters' Aid meets to send a box to 
the suffering children in Germany. 

Wirtz, Va. Mozelle Boone. 

Does your Sunday-school class do any- 
thing like that — collect things for the com- 
fort of the destitute? I suppose in every 
neighborhood there are those who do not 
have much — to eat or to wear. 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : I have never written 
before, but I enjoy reading the letters. 
Whenever the Visitor comes I sit down to 
read. I have a twin brother named Richard. 
We live in the city, and I have no pets. 
But I have a dear little nephew. His name 
is Edward. He is seven months old. He is 
such a playful little fellow. I am taking 
music lessons. Richard likes to draw. He 
spends most of his time drawing. In school 
when we have drawing lessons he always 
has the best ones. Anna Miller. 

1918 Chestnut St., Harrisburg, Pa. 

Always I have been much interested in 
music, drawing and painting. Would Rich- 
ard some time send me a little sketch that 
he made, I wonder? 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : Today is Golden Rule 
day. Father and mother and I were in- 
vited out to dinner today. We will send 
you the price of our dinner, which is $1.00, 
to help some missionary. I am nine years 
old, and in the fourth grade. We have 
twenty-nine scholars. We expect to have 
a Christmas tree and a program. It is 
snowing hard today, and I guess winter 

has come. I like to take my sled and slide 
down hill. Ruth Finckh. 

Lime Springs, Iowa. 

Wouldn't it be lovely if we could have 
a "Golden Rule" day every day? Not 
just in eating (though it would help most 
folks if they wouldn't eat so much), but 
in our thinking and behaving. I think 
Jesus would like to have it that way, for 
he practiced it himself. 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : I am nine years old 
and in the fourth grade at school. My 
birthday is Dec. 2. I joined the Brethren 
church when I was eight. I have two 
brothers and one sister. My sister's name 
is Ruth, and my brothers' names William 
and Forrest. We lived in Michigan, but 
we had sale and moved to Illinois. I went 
to a consolidated school up there and I 
rode to school in a bus. We had two miles 
to school. We had lots of woods up there, 
with beautiful maple trees. My papa is a 
Brethren minister. I was born in Nebraska, 
and we moved from there to Minnesota, 
and from there to Michigan, and then from 
there to Illinois. My foster aunt is a mis- 
sionary over in India. Her name is Mae 
Wolf. Martha Stern. 

Waddams Grove, 111. 

You and I are a good deal like fleas, 
for I have lived in five States myself. And 
I don't know which is really the best one ! 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: I enjoy the letters 
very much. I am ten years old and in the 
sixth grade in school. I like my school 
work very much. We have a fine, large 
school building. When it was built it was 
the second finest in the State. We were 
fortunate enough to put the Bible in the 
school. Miss Hamilton is the teacher. My 
father is pastor of the church here. I came 
in when I was eight years old. I attend 
every Sunday. I live in Southern Ohio. My 
father is Director of Religious Education 
of the District. He is kept quite busy with 
this and his pastoral work. I help him 
sometimes. He goes from church to church 
giving a lecture. Mother and I go along 
sometimes. I have no brothers or sisters, 
so I get lonesome often. We have a neigh- 
bor boy and girl so I play with them. Sin- 
cerely yours, Paul M. Robinson. 

Pleasant Hill, Ohio. 


The Missionary Visitor 


You are getting good training, Paul, and 
maybe some day you'll be a director of 
religious education too. 

Hidden Countries of Asia 

1. Malachi nailed the boards together. 

2. At night I find I am rather tired. 

3. Harriet, I bet I know where you are 

4. For rompers I always use stout material. 

5. Doris, I am going to tell you something. 

6. Come either at dusk or early dawn. 

7. Wilbur, make me a kitchen shelf. 

8. I'm glad I am an American. 

Demolished Cities of Asia 

1. A cat cult. 5. Wo nuckl. 

2. An hi gash. 6. A net her. 

3. Nail ma. 7. See barn. 

4. Grope a sin. 8. Sad ram. 

(Answers next month) 

A Group of India Missionaries. — 1. Shick- 
el. 2. Cottrell. 3. Kintner. 4. Shumaker. 

5. Wagoner. 6. Ziegler. 7. Hollenberg. 8. 

More India Missionaries. — 1. Ebey. 2. 
Long. 3. Miller. 4. Alley. 5. Swartz. 6. 
Summer. 7. Alow. 8. Garner. 
•£ J« 


A Scottish missionary, home on furlough 
from her work in India, told this story: She 
had been teaching a group of children one 
day, telling them the story of Jesus, bring- 
ing out bit by bit incidents showing his 
character. As she was talking one child, 
listening intently, grew excited, and then 
more excited. At last she was unable to re- 
strain herself, and blurted out: "I know 
him; he lives near us." Was there ever 
such praise of a human? 
& & 

A missionary from India relates how he 
visited a temple which was an extraordinary 
piece of architectural work. It was made 
of white marble. One of the peculiar fea- 
tures of the building was the number of 
arches which it contained. On nearing the 
entrance the attendants told him that if he 
whispered a word inside the building it 
would be reechoed from every arch. So 
the missionary breathed the word "Jesus," 
and instantly the echoes resounded from 
every part of the building. The effect was 

soul-inspiring. Thus it is in the temple of 
Christ's redeemed — every one utters his 
glory and speaks his prasie. 


(Continued from Page 49) 

Opal Kauffman 2.25 

Stanley Kauffman 2.25 

Ronald Groves 65 

Cedric Groves 65 

Total $104.55 

The children take up an offering every 
Sunday evening and decided to send the 
money in their treasury for the Garkida 
Boys' school. This amount was $8, which 
makes a total of $112.55. 

They enjoyed very much the letters which 
were written by Sister Kulp and Bro. Hel- 
ser to the children who were earning money 
for the Garkida school. 

In Bro. Helser's letter he gave the names 
of twenty boys who were enrolled in the 
school, and asked the boys and girls to 
pray for them. 

Each boy and girl was given a slip of 
paper with one of these names written on 
it. The children were asked to keep these 
names and to pray for these boys, that they 
might learn their lessons well and grow 
to be good Christian men and great work- 
ers in the Africa mission. 

In the picture you can see the happy 
faces of our boys and girls. 

Mrs. Clarence R. Cripe. 
J* .J* 

Minnie Horsh, Lincoln, Nebr., sent a check 
for $10.40, to be used for the Garkida Boys' 
School. Of this $3.15 was earned by her 
class of junior boys and girls by running 
errands and saving candy and gum money. 
The children enjoy hearing the letters from 
Africa and are very much interested in 
the work. 

Dear Missionary Visitor : I am twelve 
years of age. I am sending you a check 
for $1.60 to be used for the China Girls' 
School. It is one-tenth of the money I 
earned raising chickens. Yours truly, 

Rossville, Ind. Katherine Gochenour. 


The Missionary Visitor 



The Sunshine Class of the Clear Creek 
Church of the Brethren, Huntington, Ind., 
through the direction and help of their 
teacher and parents, have succeeded in 
raising $38.54. 

This amount was obtained by the teacher 
and pupils by the raising of chickens and 
garden produce during the summer, and 
was pledged by them for the support and 
benefit of the Garkida Boys' School (Africa) 
and Greene County, Va., Industrial School. 
Mrs. Effre B. Lininger, Teacher. 


The effort of our little primary class at 
Topeco to earn money for the boys' school 
in Africa has been wonderfully blessed. 

The teacher suggested to them to raise 
money by raising a flock of chickens. This 
appealed to them and they went to work. 
However, only part of the class held out 
faithfully. They took great interest in 
their chickens. We have learned from their 
parents that when they were so unfortu- 
nate to lose a chicken they would cry about 
it. Then the choosing of the place to put 
the money was done by the children. Many 
places were named, but it seemed the boys' 
school in Africa appealed to them the most. 
I think you will understand this when I 
tell you that nearly all the class are boys. 

We have enjoyed the letters from Sister 
Kulp and Bro. Helser. We pray God's 
blessings to rest on our missionaries, and 
may this little effort lead to greater things 
by our primaries. 

Almeda Alderman, Teacher. 


This is what I did earning my money: I 
am ten years old. I milked cows and did 
housework. I got up the coal and dusted 
the rooms and other things about the house. 
I will close now. Yours truly, 

Oline Louise Wolfe. 


My mama told us about raising missionary 

money, so my little sister, six years old, 
and I wanted to raise some chickens. 
Little Jeanette wanted "Buff Organ" 
(Orpington) chickens. I got White Rocks 
and we hatched some chickens. We en- 
joyed feeding them. How they grew! 
Mama said they grew faster because they 
were missionary chickens. Little Jeanette 
raised five and I raised twelve, which 
brought us $15.56. 

When little Jeanette says her prayer she 
always remembers to pray for the little 
African boys, that they may learn to know 
more about Jesus, and I always pray for 
Jida. Marietta Sheller, aged 10. 


The Junior Department of our Sunday- 
school decided to earn some money to send 
to the Boys' School in Africa. 

Our community holds a short course every 
fall and has a boys' judging contest. We 
judge corn, oats and potatoes. Out of a 
class of five I received the first prize, which 
was two dollars. Then my papa gave me 
one more dollar for helping him with the 
chores. j Homer Aiken, age 10. 




One night I took the lantern and went 
out to catch the chickens. 

My mama said that if I went out and 
caught the chickens that were roosting in 
the trees and under the granary I could 
have the money for the school in Africa. 
So I took the lantern and went out and 
made a hook on the end of a long wire 
and went down to the tree and climbed 
up with the wire and hooked the chickens 
around the leg, handed them down to 
mama, and she took them to the coop 
and put them in, while I got some more 
under the granary for her to take to the 

Then we took the fifteen chickens and 
mama took them to town, and we got $10 
for them, and I put in $5 for the boys in 
Africa. Harold Bowers, 


The Missionary Visitor 



The Ivester Junior department has de- 
cided that each scholar should do some- 
thing to get money for the missionary 
work. So I raised chickens. 

We traded eggs, so we could tell them 
from mama's. My chickens were White 
Rocks. I had thirty-two eggs. We set 
the eggs too late, so the chickens didn't 
get very big. I was late when they decided 
it at Sunday-school. Mama let me have 
one of her hens to take care of the chick- 
ens. Twenty-eight hatched, but she killed 
fourteen and left fourteen for me and 
we had a bad storm and it drowned two 
and two died and left nine. Mama said 
to keep four and give five to the mis- 
sionary. I got $2.75 and daddy gave me 
enough to make $3. Then we decided to 
give these to the Boys' School in Africa. 
We gave a program at our church when 
we gave our money. 

Myrtle Sheller, Eldorado, Iowa, age nine. 

The Ivester Junior Department decided 
that each scholar should raise something 
or work to make some money for the mis- 
sionary work. 

Papa gave me some popcorn for seed. 
He helped me plant it. He planted it with 
a corn planter. I had to pull some of it 
up because it was too thick. I pulled the 
weeds out between the rows while papa 
plowed it with a corn plow. I did it about 
every week for about a month. 

It was about the first part of October, 
grandpa and Aunt Lois had come to visit 
from California. Papa and Uncle John 
were digging up potatoes. Grandpa saw 
me picking up popcorn and came and 
helped me, and when we were through 
we had two bushels in all. Aunt Lois 
bought twenty-eight pounds.* I told her 
8 cents a pound, but she gave me $3. I 
put it up in the attic to dry so she could 
pack it in her trunk. The rest I sold to 
papa. We gave a program the last day of 
November and we all gave our money. 
Altogether I had $6.25. We are going to 
do something next year. 

Charles Sheller, Eldorado, age ten. 


When our Sunday-school superintendent 
asked the juniors to earn some money for 
missions our papa told us that if we would 
help him on the farm he would pay us 
for helping him. 

We are almost twins, being adopted 
brother and sister, both ten years old. We 
did a good bit of our work together, such 
as chores and garden work, and washing 
dishes. John helped daddy plow corn three 
times. We have a little brother and sister 
that we helped mama a lot by taking care 
of them. We fed the chickens and gathered 
the eggs, and when it came time for the 
junior program papa gave each of us $5 
to give to the missionaries in Africa. 

John and Mildred Caperice. 


Last spring our Junior Sunday-school 
class decided to do something during the 
summer that would bring in money to give 
toward the Africa mission work. 

Bro. Helser was at our home years ago 
and we felt interested in his work among 
the dark people of Africa. 

I have raised chickens a number of 
years, so I thought I would raise some 
white chickens, so I could tell which were 
mine, because mother raises Barred Rocks. 
I bought a setting of eggs from my aunt 
and raised ten chickens from the setting. 

I entered these chickens in the County 
Farm Bureau Poultry Club, so had to show 
the best rooster and pullet in December. 
They won two fourth prizes and two fifth 
prizes, for which I received ribbons. I re- 
ceived $12.12 for the ten chickens. I gave 
$5 to the Africa mission work, some to the 
home work, and still have some for Sunday 
offerings. Also I want a watch quite badly. 
I am twelve years old and enjoy Sunday- 
school and club work. 

Russel Messer, Grundy Center, owa. 

All children interested in earning 
missionary money during 1925 should 
write to the General Mission Board, 
Elgin, 111., for plans. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Conference Offering, 1924. As of December 31, 1924, 
the Conference (Budget) offering for the year end- 
ing February 28, 1925, stands as follows: 
Cash received, all funds since March 1, 1924, $211,271 20 
(The 1924 Budget of $328,000.00 is 64.4% raised) 

Mission Board Treasury Statement. The following 
shows the condition of mission finances on Decem- 
ber 31, 1924: 

Income since March 1, 1924, $220,107 44 

Income same period last year, 234,340 89 

Decrease, ..._ $ 14,233 45 

Outgo over income since March 1, 1924, ... 8,516 18 
Outgo over income same period last year, .. 47,869 94 

Decrease outgo over income, $39,353 76 

Mission deficit December 31, 1924, 25,334 99 

Mission deficit November 30, 1924, 27,726 59 

Decrease in deficit, $ 2,391 60 

Tract Distribution. During the month of Novem- 
ber the Board sent out 3,541 doctrinal tracts. 

Correction No. 11. See October, 1924 "Visitor." 
Under China Girls' School, credit of $9.95 to " S. 
S." of So. California has since been designated for 
China Share Plan. The name of the S. S. omitted 
is Hermosa Beach. 

Correction No. 12. See November, 1924 " Visitor." 
Under China Mission, credit of $45.00 to Painter 
Creek, So. Ohio has since been designated for sup- 
port of Verona Smith, So. China. 

November Receipts. The following contributions 
for the various funds were received during Novem- 

Arkansas— $2.50 

First Dist., Indv.: No. 77514, $ 2 50 

California— $949.76 

No. Dist., Cong.: Reedley, $50.25; Mc- 
Farland, $90.01; Chico, $28; Empire, $102.39; 
Raisin, $25.53; Modesto, $10.30; Figarden, 
$81.20; Elk Creek Cong. & S. S., $7.25; E. 
T. Boone (Modesto) $25; L. S. Custer 
(Codora) $10; W. M. Piatt (M. N.) (Oak- 
land) $.50; W. G. Root & Wife (McFarland) 
$10; A Sister (Fresno) $2; E. W. & Celia 
Burnham (Codora) $30; Nellie Fagg (Codora) 
$3; Mrs. Nannie A. Harmon (Lindsay) $1; 
S. S.: Patterson, $22.89; Oakland, $18.82; 
" Friendly Bible Class," Raisin, $2.40; 
Raisin, $11.06, 531 60 

So. Dist., Cong.: Calvary, $2; La Verne, 
$21; Pomona, $30; Hemet, $20; 1st Los 
Angeles, $153.34; Hermosa Beach, $15; Ingle- 
wood, $30.27; S. L. Gross & Wife (Santa 
Ana) $50; Mrs. J. L. Talbot (So. Los 
Angeles) $5; Amanda Brown (San Bernar- 
dino) $5; Harvey & Susan Eikenberry (Long 
Beach) $2; J. C. Whitmer & Wife (Glen- 
dora) $20; S. S.: Covina, $54.55; Sage Union 

(Hemet) $10, 418 16 

Colorado— $119.99 

E. Dist., Cong.: Wiley, %27; Haxtun, 
$16.71; Antioch, $32.06, 75 77 

W. Dist., Cong.: Fruita, $7.30; Unknown 
donor of Loma (Fruita) $5; S. S. : Fruita, 

$31.92, 44 22 

Florida— $91.57 

Indv.: "Silence," $1; No. 77874, $88.57; V. 
T., $2, 9157 

Hawaii— $25.00 

Indv. : No. 77839, 25 00 

Idaho— $146.40 

Cong.: Winchester, $14.65; Bowmont, 
$26.50; Nampa, $24; Payette Valley, $15.05; 
J. B. Lehman (Nezperce) $5; F. J. De- 
Coursey & Family (Nampa) $15; H. L. 
Fahrney & Wife (Twin Falls) $25; Clyde 
Alexander (Winchester) $10; S. S.: Boise 

473 84 

61 56 

Valley, $2.90; Men's Bible Class and Loyal 

Mothers' Class (Fruitland) $8.30, 146 40 

India— $100.00 

Indv.: No. 77837, , 100 00 

Illinois — $535.40 

No. Dist., Cong.: Waddams Grove, $17.68; 
Polo, $54.62; Yellow Creek, $10.35; Mt. Mor- 
ris, $218; Freeport, $34; W. Branch, $46.65; 
Annetta Yarger (Waddams Grove) $30; 
Warren Slabaugh (M. N.) (Chicago) $.50; 
Dr. W. C. Frick (Chicago) $10; S. S.: Hick- 
ory Grove, $22.11; Waddams Grove, $23; W. 
Branch, $6.93, 

So. Dist., Cong.: Virden, $32.48; La Place 
(Okaw) $10.08; Jacob Wyne (M. N.) (Okaw) 
$.50;; Mrs. R. A. Forney (Hudson) $2; Hazel 
Minnich (Virden) $2; Mrs. Geo. W. Dailey 
(Coal Creek) $2; S. S. : LaMotte Prairie, 
$7.50; Primary Class, Martin Creek, $2; 
Indv.: Eliza Renner, $1; Mrs. Hannah Good- 
win, $2, 

Indiana— $1,662.71 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Markle, $5; Mexico 
Cong. & S. S., $128.10; Peru, $69.25; Wabash 
City, $11.80; Pleasant Dale, $50.18; Eel 
River, $80.69; C. Eichenberger (Manchester) 
$5; Marie Shively (Manchester) $25; Jose- 
phine Hanna (Logansport) $2.25; S. S.: 
Clear Creek, $18.75; Bachelor Run, $11.38; 
Eel River, $52.30; Markle, $4.38; Spring 
Creek, $48.12, 512 20 

No. Dist., Cong.: W. Goshen, $134.21; Ship- 
shewanna, $18.38; Elkhart City, $155; First 
So. Bend, $261.53; English Prairie, $16.50; 
W. Goshen, $45; Cedar Lake, $23.89; Solo- 
mon's Creek, $23.80; Bremen, $10.22; Middle- 
bury, $108.00; Plymouth, $48.55; Bethel, 
$19.53; Sec. So. Bend, $13.50; Pine Creek (W. 
Goshen) $8.79; Baugo, $88; Willard Warstler 
(Goshen City) $5; Paul Eaton (Goshen) 
$15; S. S. Rock Run, $8.70; Pine Creek (W. 
Goshen) $20.43; Aid Soc. : Nappanee, $11; 
Goshen City, $25; C. W. S.: Pine Creek 
(W. Goshen) $.78, 1,060 81 

So. Dist., Cong.: Bethel Center, $2.50; 
I. H. Teeter (Nettle Creek) $10; F. M. 
Bowers (Grace-Indianapolis) $25; Mrs. Geo. 
H. Boese (Indianapolis) $3; Ettie E. Holler 
(Nettle Creek) $15; Ed. Nelson (Indianapolis) 
$2.50; R. Cunningham (Howard) $10; S. S.: 
White Branch (Nettle Creek) $11.35; Grace 
(Indianapolis) $8.35; Indv.: Mary Cunning- 
ham, $2, 89 70 

Iowa— $899.21 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Cedar Rapids, $85.22; 
Prairie City Cong. & S. S., $33.75; Garrison, 
$25.43; Panther Creek, $51.54; Iowa River, 
$19; Bagley, $44.50; J. B. Spurgeon & Wife 
(Panther Creek) $25; Sister Omnun (Coon 
River) $10; S. S.: Beaver, $6.75; Panther 
Creek, $12.44; Iowa River, $50; Muscatine, 
$19.45; Cedar, $2.28; Indv.: Mahlon Peck, 

No. Dist., Cong.: Grundy Co., $130.23; 
Franklin County, $15.80; So. Waterloo, $100; 
Kingsley, $102.42; A. M. Sharp & Wife 
(Spring Creek) $5; Nora E. Thurston (So. 
Waterloo) $2; S. S.: Franklin County, $10; 
So. Waterloo, $100, 

So. Dist., Cong.: So. Keokuk, $12; S. S. : 

No. English, $19.32; Salem, $16.08, 

Kansas— $914.39 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Sabetha, $74.91; Over- 
brook, $52.07; Ozawkie, $59; Buckeye, 
$20.50; Washington, $10; Topeka, $10; Ot- 
tawa, $100; Grace Steele (McLouth) $15; 
Mrs. Lydia Kimmel (McLouth) $6; S. S. : 
Washington, $5.07; Co-Workers " Class, Ot- 
tawa, $5; Aid Soc: Sabetha, $10; Indv.: 
Mrs. Elizabeth Dewitt, $1, 368 55 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: D. F. Bowman & 

386 36 

465 45 
47 40 


The Missionary Visitor 


Wife (Quinter) $50; Florence A. Fike (Belle- 
ville) $1; S. S.: Class No. 2, Elderly Sisters, 
Quinter, $27 78 00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: New Hope, $55; Sarah 
A. Waas (Fredonia) $40, 95 00 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Miami, $4.16; New- 
ton City, $111; Salem, $82.64; Miami, $13.65; 
McPherson, $5; Mrs. Mary Miller (Eden 
Valley) $100; S. S.: Salem, $13.88; Monitor, 

$12.51; Bloom, $30, 372 84 

Louisiana— $4.00 

Cong.: Rosepine (Roanoke), 4 00 

Maryland— $955.20 

E. Dist., Cong.: Denton, $225; Edgewood 
(Sams Creek) $24.43; Pipe Creek, $25; Wash- 
ington, $200; Locust Grove, $116; S. S. : 
" Faithful Workers," Meadow Branch, $15; 
Pleasant Hill (Bush Creek) $1.65; Piney 
Creek, $1.50, 608 58 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Longmeadow (Beaver 
Creek) $33.45; Broadfording, $81.72; John B. 
Wolfkill (Hagerstown) $7.40; S. S. : Long- 
meadow (Beaver Creek) $20; " Willing 
Workers' " Class, Pleasant View, $25; S. 
S.'s of Mid. Md., $20, 187 57 

W. Dist., Cong.: Maple Grove, $9.05; Bear 
Creek, $55; Georges Creek, $13; Cherry 
Grove, $37; S. S. : Accident (Bear Creek) 
$30; Accident Y. P. D., Bear Creek, $15, .. 159 05 
Michigan— $443.06 

Cong.: Woodland, $294.06; Long Lake, 
$30.15; New Haven, $15.61; Thornapple, $40; 
Woodland Village, $50; S. S. : Rodney, $8.24; 
Hart, $3; Indv.: Mrs. A. B. Puterbaugh, $2, 443 06 

Minnesota— $146.33 

Cong.: Lewiston, $6; Bethel, $2.10; Root 
River, $49.51; Winona Cong. & S. S., $21.50; 
S. S. Lewiston, $6.38; Root River, $60.84, .... 146 33 
Missouri— $289.45 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: So. Warrensburg, $40; 
S. S.: Happy Hill, $4, 44 00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Smith Fork, $154.43; 
Pleasant View, $13.75; S. S. : No. Bethel 
(Bethel) $15.30; C. W. S.: Pleasant View, 
$11.38; Aid Soc: Smith Fork, $5, 199 86 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Nevada, $13.06; Fair- 
view, $19.78; T. H. Wolfe (Oak Grove) 
$4.50; S. S.: Jasper, $3.25; Indv.: Emma L. 

Miller, $5, 45 59 

Montana— $92.18 

E. Dist., Cong.: Grandview, $80.18; Indv.: 
Roger L. Cookson & Wife, $2, 82 18 

W. Dist., Indv.: A Friend, 10 00 

Nebraska— $262.12 

Cong.: So. Red Cloud, $20; Afton, $57.82; 
Falls City, $13.08; Octavia, $15.25; B. N. 
Eshelman & Wife (Red Cloud) $20; No. 
77798 (Bethel) $10; J. W. Arnold & Wife 
(Afton) $15; Mark T. Hoffert (Bethel) 
$5; S. S.: Afton, $9.91; Octavia, $45; Dist. 

Meeting, $51.06 262 12 

New Mexico— $83.66 

Cong.: Clovis, $73.66; Indv.: W. R. Horn- 
baker, $10, 83 66 

North Dakota— $173.25 

Cong.: Pleasant Valley, $25; Cando, $32.75; 
Surrey, $100; O. A. Myer (M. N.) (James 
River, $.50; S. S.: Egeland, $5; Indv.: 

Julian Hyde, $10, 173 25 

Ohio— $1,501.36 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Ashland Dickey, $71.77; 
Danville, $25; Wooster, $30.25; Baltic, $76; 
Kent, $13.11; Beech Grove (Chippewa) $61.73; 
New Philadelphia, $51.22; Cleveland, $36.77; 
S. & S. Harshman (Wooster) $10; C. Wohl- 
gamuth (Mohican) $10; T. H. Arnold & 
Wife (Mohican) $3.50; S. S. : Owl Creek, 
$8.62; Olivet, $54.58; Reading, $105; Eden 
(Tuscarawas) $14; New Philadelphia, $8.61; 
White Cottage (Goshen) $4.75; Woodworth, 
$7.78; Aid Soc: Reading, $25; Indv.: Joseph 
Harold, $25; Mrs. Marie B. Miller, $1, .... 643 69 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Bellefontaine, $26.70; 
Sand Ridge, $7.10; Logan, $51.; Lima, $153.01; 

Black Swamp, $11.27; Bellefontaine, $2; 
Ephraim P. Yoder (Bellefontaine) $3; H. 
B. Kintner & Wife (Lick Creek) $3; A. C. 
Thayer & Wife (Baker) $10; Gladys & Reva 
Helen McDorman (Baker) $5.30; S. S. : 
Sugar Creek, $6.04; Fairview, $5.69; Ross, 
$5, 289 11 

So. Dist., Cong.: Union City, $41.50; 
Castine, $70; Beech Grove, $10.34; Coving- 
ton, $80; Bear Creek, $100; Maud Kniesly 
(W. Dayton) $5; Lydia B. Smith (W. Day- 
ton) $2; T. A. Robinson & Wife (Brook- 
ville) $5; Anna F. Eyler (Upper Twin) $5; 
S. S.: Bear Creek, $59.73; Pitsburg, $98.84; 
" Good Will Circle," College St. S. S. (W. 
Dayton) $30; " Mission Band " (Circleville) 
$9.65; Lower Miami, $46.50; Indv.: Cather- 
ine Beath, $3; J. H. Hollenberg, $2, 568 56 

Oklahoma— $154.29 

Cong.: Big Creek, $25; Leedy, $10; Hydro, 

$100; S. S.: Thomas, $19.29, 154 29 

Oregon— $74.79 

Cong.: Grants Pass, $35.25; Mabel, $10; 
Bandon, $5.50; Newberg, $3; S. S.: Boys' 
Junior Class, Bandon, $1.50; Ashland, $10; 

Weston, $9.54, 74 79 

Pennsylvania — $3,385.38 

E. Dist., Cong.: Chiques, $155.40; W. Green 
Tree, $93.54; Lake Ridge, $16.24; Mechanic 
Grove, $10; Mingo, $64.05; Myerstown, 
$48.74; Conestoga, $21.92; E. Fairview, $27.46; 
Hatfield, $106; Palmyra, $140.17; Ridgely, 
$45.96; Mrs. Ella C. Nyce (Indian Creek) 
$2; P. H. Zendt (Hatfield) $200; Supera 
Martz (Hatfield) $10; Mrs. Rosa Young 
(Indian Creek) $5; Sister E. M. Grosh (W. 
Green Tree) $30; A Sister (White Oak) $6; 
Geo. S. Good & Wife (Midway) $5; M. I. 
Homer (Shamokin) $5; H. H. Ziegler (Sham- 
okin) $16; S. S.: Chiques, $23; Annville, 
$38; Bareville (Conestoga) $21; Conewago, 
$29.32; Lititz, $55; E. Fairview, $87.97; 
Lebanon (Midway) $19; Spring Creek, 
$77.30; Kempers (Spring Grove) $43.50; 
Stevens Hill (Elizabethtown) $12; Ephrata, 
$19.18; Primary Dept., Rheems (W. Green 
Tree) $5; Shamokin, $9.25; Harrisburg, $30; 
Mountville, $16.04; Reading, $14.75; Y. P. D., 
Conestoga, $23.25; Ministerial & S. S. Meet- 
ing, $67.35 1,599 39 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: New Enterprise, $5; 
Aughwick, $2; Fairview Cong. & S. S., 
$30.30; Leamersville, $10; Spring Run, Lewis- 
town, $309; Tyrone, $38.45; Hollidaysburg, 
$56.47; Roaring Spring, $86.51; Smithfield, 
$25; D. B. Rouzer (Altoona) $1; Eleanor J. 
Brumbaugh (Huntingdon) $5; Mrs. H. A. 
Spanogle (Lewistown) $5; S. S.: Curry ville 
(Woodbury) $39.76; Martinsburg (Clover 
Creek) $89.82; " Missionary Lights " Class, 
Lewistown, $5; "Willing Workers" class, 
Williamsburg, $10; Fairview, $1; Lower 
Claar, $10.50; Yellow Creek, $3.67; "Truth 
Seekers " Class, Roaring Spring, $10.05; Hill 
Valley (Aughwick) $2; " Chums " Class, 
28th St., Altoona, $5, 789 81 

So. Dist., Cong.: Hanover, $30.31; Lower 
Conewago, $14; Browns Mills (Falling 
Spring) $35.10; Black Rock (Upper Codorus) 
$6.57; Brandts (Back Creek) $11.70; Mrs. 
Geo. Bushman & Daughter (Gettysburg- 
Marsh Creek) $6; Paul Roth (York) $2; 
H. J. and Anna Shallenberger (Lost Creek) 
$9.25; S. S.: Hanover, $18.56; Codorus, $13.39; 
Melrose (Upper Codorus) $11.75; Three 
Springs (Perry) $13.75; East Berlin (Upper 
Conewago) $138; " Young Ladies " Class, 
Good Will (Lost Creek) $11.35; Friends 
Grove (Marsh Creek) $5.18; Mechanicsburg 
(Lower Cumberland) $21.33; Indv.: Mary 
Bixler, $2, 350 24 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Parker Ford, $115; 
Est. of Emma G. Price (Germantown) $60; 
Indv.: Mrs. Chas. Hardenberg, $2, 177 00 

W. Dist., Cong.: Ligonier, $14.83; Somer- 
set, $3; Viewmont, $50; Middle Creek, $30; 


The Missionary Visitor 


Sipesville, $109.20; Locust Grove, $25; Ed- 
ward C. McWhinney (Glade Run) $10; C. 
D. Brendlinger (Manor) $2; Mary S. Cal- 
vert (Johnstown) $10; Thomas Hardin 
(Hyndman) $1; Mrs. Etta Miller (Cone- 
maugh- Johnstown) $1; J. Clark Brilhart 
(Montgomery) $9; Elizabeth Harshberger 
(Johnstown) $10; S. S.: Walnut Grove 
(Johnstown) $5; Glade Run, $34.62; Hoch- 
stetler (Greenville) $1.64; Red Bank, $6.23; 
Conemaugh (Johnstown) $54.37; Adult Class, 
Cumberland, $8.69; Morrellville, $10.86; Rura- 
mel, $37.50; Geiger, $5; Aid Soc: View- 
mont, $5; Joint Aid Soc. Meeting, Hoovers - 
ville & Maple Spring (Quemahoning) $25, 468 94 
South Dakota— $100.00 

Cong.: Willow Creek, $80; C. W. S.: Wil- 
low Creek, $20, 100 00 

Tennessee — $46.12 

Cong.: New Hope, $22.25; Tina Humphreys 
(Knob Creek) $2; No. 77735 (Fruitdale) $3; 
Indv.: Mrs. J. B. Isenberg, $3.87; Mrs. R. 
C. Mooney, $5; John A. Pritchett & Wife, 

$10 46 12 

Virginia— $1,272.58 

E. Dist., Cong.: Mt. Carmel, $29.55; Oro- 
noco, $4.75; Midland, $20.73; Manassas, $106; 
Dranesville (Fairfax) $4.27; Brooks (Bel- 
mont) $2.15; Mt. Olivet Cong. & S. S., 
(Rappahannock) $10; Viola Miller (Nokes- 
ville) $5; I. A. Miller (Nokesville) $10; 
Melvin Quann (Hollywood) $10; A. F. Bol- 
linger & Wife (Mt. Carmel) $5.45; S. S.: 
Manassas, $67.06; Emma R. Miller's Class, 
Nokesville, $6; Oakton (Fairfax) $31.28, .. 312 24 

First Dist., Cong.: Oak Grove (Peters 
Creek) $10; Roanoke City, $30; H. N. Whit- 
ten & Wife (Terrace View) $5; Maggie 
Howe (Daleville) $1; Mrs. Christine Pursley 
(Mt. Joy) $10; A. M. Frantz (Greenbrier) 
$10; S. S.: Bonsack (Cloverdale) $300; 
Pleasant View (Chestnut Grove) $55.83; Aid 
Soc: Cloverdale, $50; Roanoke, $10; Indv.: 
Lucy A. Manzy, $2, 483 83 

No. Dist., Cong.: Rileyville (Mt. Zion) 
$15.75; Powells Fort, $7; Bethlehem (So. 
Fork) $7.29; Luray (Mt. Zion) Cong. & S. 
S., $10; J. H. Garber (Flat Rock) $4.70; C. 
M. Key (Smith Creek) $5; Fannie L. 
Mason (Cedar Run-Linville Creek) $5; Scott 
T. Cline (Salem) $1; S. S.: Mt. Zion, $36.70; 
Montezuma (Cooks Creek) $31.85; Cedar 
Grove (Flat Rock) $56.50; Salem, $10.32; 
Bethlehem (So. Fork) $2.36; Mt. Carmel 
(So. Fork) $4; C. W. S.: Salem, $4.30, ... 201 75 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Pine Chapel (Mt. Ver- 
non) $3; Sangerville, $32.38; Bridgewater, 
$63.59; Pleasant Valley, $110.43; Mt. Vernon, 
$8.69; S. S.: Emanuel (Sangerville) $12.96; 
Valley Bethel, $21.32; Mt. Vernon, $3.89; 
Aid Soc: Valley Bethel, $5 26126 

So. Dist., Cong.: Red Oak Grove, $3.50; 
Lewis S. Newcomb (Red Oak Grove) $10, 13 50 
Washington— $231.87 

Cong.: Sunnyside, $30.22; Omak, $36.05; 
Outlook, $29.30; Olympia, $23.16; S. H. Mil- 
ler (M. N.) (Sunnyside) $.50; Paul Mohler 
(M. N.) (Okanogan Valley) $1; A. N. 
Huffman (Wenatchee Valley) $20; Amanda 
Lea Velle (Yakima) $2; Dortha Gans, 
(Yakima) $10; Susie E. Reber (Olympia) 
$30; Emma Kilmer (Tacoma) $5; S. S.: 
Forest Center, $5.95; Outlook, $5; Mt. Hope, 
$6.06; Olympia, $25; C. W. S. : Omak, $2.63, 231 87 
West Virginia— $262.60 

First Dist., Cong.: Sandy Creek, $200; 
Sara L. Idleman (Greenland) $1; Elsie Spaid 
(Tearcoat) $2; Simon P. Idleman (Green- 
land) $3.18; W. H. Muntzing (Greenland) 
$3; Ollie F. Idleman (Greenland) $12.75; 
Joseph Rembold (Maple Spring-Eglon) $10; 
Mrs. Lloyd Waybright (Sandy Creek) $10; 
Chas. A. Bobo & Wife (Knobley) $10; 
Casper Robey & Wife (White Pine $5; S. 
S.: Lime Rock (Eglon) $2.67; Bright's Hol- 
low (Capon Chapel) $3, 262 60 

Wisconsin — $6.60 

Cong.: Mrs. P. B. Hoffheim (Rice Lake) 

S. S.: White Rapids, $2.40, 6 60 

Wyoming — $3.00 

Indv.: DeLila B. Boyle, 3 00 

Total for the month, $ 14,934 77 

Total previously reported, 52,276 07 

Total for the year, $ 67,210 84 


Arizona — $7.73 

S. S.: Glendale, $ 7 73 

California— $58.71 

No. Dist., S. S. : Laton, $30.55; Lindsay, 

$23.16; Aid Soc: Oakland, $5, 58 71 

Florida— $29.47 

S. S.: Sebring, 29 47 

Illinois— $65.32 

No. Dist., Cong.: Blanche Yeager (Wad- 
dams Grove) $20; S. S.: Elgin, $22.32; A 
Class, Naperville, $8; Aid Soc: Mt. Morris, 
$10, 60 32 

So. Dist., Aid Soc: Allison Prairie, 5 00 

Indiana— $85.05 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Monticello, $36.58; S. 
S.: W. Marion, $18.54, 55 12 

No. Dist., S. S.: Oak Grove, 19 93 

So. Dist., Aid Soc: Kokomo, 10 00 

Kansas— $121.63 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Washington Creek, 
$28.93; S. S. : Ottawa, $15.14, 44 07 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: W. Wichita, 77 56 

Louisiana— $13.74 

S. S. : Roanoke, 13 74 

Maryland— $55.82 

E. Dist., S. S.: Detour (Monocacy) $6; 

Westminster (Meadow Branch) $49.82, 55 82 

Michigan— $7.97 

Cong.: Grand Rapids, 7 97 

Minnesota— $40.25 

Cong.: Minneapolis, $26.45; Hancock, 

$13.80, 40 25 

Missouri— $2.58 

S. W. Dist., S. S.: Carthage, 2 58 

Nebraska— $3.86 

S. S.: So. Beatrice, 3 86 

North Dakota— $13.45 

Cong. : Kenmare, 13 45 

Ohio— $89.51 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Paradise (Wooster) $8; 
Richland Center, $9.30; Olivet, $13.89, 31 19 

N. W. Dist., S. S.: Fairview, $5.31; Sugar 
Creek, $11.22, 16 53 

So. Dist., Cong.: Poplar Grove, $37.67; S. 
S.: Union City, $4.12, 41 79 

Pennsylvania— $106.15 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Leamersville, $20; James 
Creek, $7.32, 27 32 

So. Dist., S. S.: Pleasant Hill (Codorus) 
$4.16; New Fairview, $6.84, 1100 

S. E. Dist., S. S.: Green Tree, 61 70 

W. Dist., S. S.: Maple Grove (Johnstown) 
$2.50; Diamondville (Manor) $3.63, 6 13 

South Dakota— $6J0 

Cong.: Willow Creek 6 90 

Virginia— $118.75 

No. Dist., S. S. : Harrisonburg, 14 25 

Sec Dist., Cong.: Lebanon, $38.40; Oak 
Grove (Lebanon) $15.29; S. S.: Bridgewater, 
$18.19; Lebanon, $32.62, 104 50 

West Virginia — $7.40 

First Dist., Cong.: Beaver Run, 7 40 

Wisconsin— $2.80 

S. S.: Chippewa Valley, 2 80 

Total for the month, $ 837 09 

Total previously reported 7,27105 

Total for the month, $ 8,108 14 


The Missionary Visitor 


Illinois— $20.50 

No. Dist., Students & Faculty of Bethany 

Bible School, $ 20 50 

Virginia— $5.00 

Cong.: Maggie Howe (Daleville), 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 25 50 

Total previously reported, 1,206 98 

Total for the year, $ 1,232 48 


Illinois— $5.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Edna Wolf (Franklin 

Grove), $ 5 00 

Pennsylvania — $5.00 

W. Dist., Cong.: Olive Maust (Elk Lick), 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 10 00 

Total previously reported 00 

Total for the year $ 10 00 


Illinois— $152.50 

No. Dist. & Wis. Aid Societies 152 50 

Iowa— $68.25 
Mid. Dist. Aid Societies, 68 25 

Kansas— $81.20 

S. W. Dist. Aid Societies, $66.70; E. Wich- 
ita, $7; Pleasant View, $7.50 81 20 

Maryland— $314.50 

Mid. Dist. Aid Societies, 314 50 

Missouri— $8.08 

S. W. Dist., Aid Soc: Mountain Grove 

(Cabool), 8 08 

Virginia— $85.00 

First Dist., Aid Soc: Peters Creek 10 00 

No. Dist., Aid Soc: Unity, $50; Green- 
mount, $25 75 00 

West Virginia— $37.50 

First Dist., Aid Soc: Eglon, $15; Keyser 
(New Creek) $22.50, 37 50 

Total for the month, $ 747 03 

Total previously reported, 7,412 21 

Total for the year, $ 8,159 24 


A r k an sas — $3 .00 

N. W. Dist., Indv.: Mrs. Mary C. Babb 

& Daughter, $ 3 00 

Illinois— $56.67 

No. Dist., Cong.: Batavia, $11.59; Free- 
port, $9.08; Sterling, $30; Elgin S. Moyer 
(Chicago) $1; Gertrude Fager (Bethany- 
Chicago) $3 54 67 

So. Dist., Cong.: Girard, $1; Mrs. Jack- 
son Akers (Camp Creek) $1, 2 00 

Indianar— $254^9 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Manchester, $185.18; 
Wesley Miller (Kewanna) $1, 186 18 

No. Dist., Cong.: LaPorte, $27.76; C. C. 
Hawbaker (1st So. Bend) $15; Sarah Whit- 
mer (1st So. Bend) $1, 43 76 

So. Dist., Cong.: Nettle Creek, $21.55; 
Barbara Lamb (Nettle Creek) $2; W. H. 

Friend (Anderson) $1 24 55 

Iowa— $25.71 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Ann R. Troup 
(Maxwell) 2 00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Greene, $15.71; Mrs. W. 
V. Smith (Grundy Co.) $2; Mary S. New- 
som (So. Waterloo) $1 18 71 

So. Dist., Cong.: S. Schlotman (Council 

Bluffs) 5 00 

Kansas— $13.00 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Mary Hickerson (Mc- 
Louth) 5 00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: J. W. Kirkendall & 
Wife (Independence) 3 00 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Kate Yost (Pea- 
body) A 5 00 

Maryland — $2.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Mary Bixler 2 00 

Missouri— $60.08 

No. Dist., S. S.: No. Bethel (Bethel), .... 15 30 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Broadwater, $47.03; S. 

S.: Broadwater, $3.75, 50 78 

Nebraska— $45.00 

Cong.: Bethel, $20; David Neher (Bea- 
trice) $15; Mrs. Emma Hurlbert (Afton) 

$10, 45 00 

Ohio— $189.72 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Baltic, $100; S. S.: 
Men's Bible Class, Woodworth, $2.04, 102 04 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Sand Ridge, $9.68; 
Ross, $5, 14 68 

So. Dist., Cong.: Pitsburg, $15; Mrs. Eliz- 
abeth Miller (Ft. McKinley) $50; Mrs. 
Maud Kniesly (W. Dayton) $8 73 00 

Oklahoma— $15.00 

Indv.: Elizabeth E. Byerly, $5; Marietta 
Byerly, $5; Mayme Byerly, $5, 15 00 

Pennsylvania— $91.50 

E. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Jacob Steiger 
(Springfield), 2 00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: B. S. Landis (Hunting- 
don) $50; Byron M. Sell (6th Ave. Altoona) 
$2.50; Ada White (Lewistown) $3; Mary A. 
Kinsev (Dunnings Creek) $14, 69 50 

So. Dist., Cong.: J. D. Wilson & Wife 
(Back Creek), 5 00 

W. Dist., Cong.: E. G. Hetrick (Red 

Bank), 15 00 

Texas— $5.26 

Cong.: F. W. Parrish & Wife (Pleasant 

Grove) $4; S. S. : Manvel, $1.26, 5 26 

Virginia— $8.00 

First Dist., S. W. Service Soc, Central 
Roanoke, $5; Indv.: Lucy A. Manzy, $1, .. 6 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Sarah J. Hylton (Coul- 

son), 2 00 

West Virginia— $10.00 

First Dist., Indv.: Geo. T. & K. E. Leath- 

erman, 10 00 

Wisconsin— $3.00 

Cong.: A Friend (Rice Lake), 3 00 

Total for the month, $ 788 43 

Total previously reported 590 23 

Total for the year, $ 1,378 66 

Indiana— $25.88 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: "Sunshine" Class, 
Clear Creek $ 19 27 

So. Dist., Cong.: Noblesville, 6 61 

Pennsylvania — $10.00 

So. Dist., S. S. : Miss Foust's Class, Back 
Creek, 10 00 

Total for the month $ 35 88 

Total previously reported, 740 73 

Total for the year, $ 776 61 

Indiana — $65.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Miss Thorold Geyer 
(Bethany) $50; Aid Soc: Elkhart City, $15; 65 00 

Kansas— $19.53 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Miami 19 53 

Ohio— $225.43 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: In memory of Charles 
Joseph (Pleasant View), 100 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Elizabeth Miller 
(Ft. McKinley) $50; S. S. : Ft. McKinley, 
$55.63; Middletown, $4.80; Aid Soc: Ft. Mc- 
Kinley, $15, 125 43 

Pennsylvania— $98.56 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Crossroad (CWer 
Creek), 16 00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Bethany, $12.56; Green 
Tree, $50, 62 56 

W. Dist., Cong.: Pike Run (Middlecreek), 20 00 

Virginia— $78.00 
No. Dist., Cong.: A. F. Cline & Wife 


The Missionary Visitor 


(Harrisonburg) $3; Aid Soc. : Linville 

Creek, $75, 78 00 

' Total for tbe month, $ 486 52 

Total previously reported, 2,822 16 

Total for the year, .\...$ 3,308 68 

California— $32.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: " Friendship Bible Class" 

Pasadena, $ 32 00 

Idaho— $7.70 

S. S.: Clearwater, 7 70 

Indiana— $43.61 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant View, 15 00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Blue River, $18.61; 

Topeka, $10, 28 61 

Iowa— $40.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Roscho Royer (Dallas 
Center), 40 00 

Maryland— $19.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Beaverdam 19 00 

Michigan— $12.16 

Cong.: Woodland, $.10; Crystal, $2.06; 

Indv.: Ruth I. Vaniman, $10, 12 16 

Missouri — $11.40 

Mid. Dist., D. V. B. S., Warrensburg, ... 7 30 

No. Dist., D. V. B. S.: Sheridan, 4 10 

Ohio— $91.01 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: E. Nimishillen, $55.68; 
Canton Center, $32.09 87 77 

N. W. Dist., C. W. S.: Lick Creek, 3 24 

Pennsylvania— $38.05 

Mid. Dist., Cong. : Clover Creek, 31 78 

W. Dist., S. S.: Rockton, 6 27 

Total for the month, ...$ 294 93 

Total previously reported, 2,709 72 

Total for the year, $ 3,004 65 

Florida— $50.00 

Indv.: Eld. J. E. Young, $ 50 00 

Total for the month, $ 50 00 

Total previously reported, 844 50 

Total for the year, $ 894 50 

Illinois— $18.00 

No. Dist., S. S. : Mrs. Alice Hunt's Class, 

Batavia, $ 18 00 

Missouri— $38.29 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Broadwater 38 29 

Ohio— $5.00 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Class No. 6, Springfield 5 00 

Pennsylvania— $54.79 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Artemas, $4.79; S. S. : 
Williamsburg, $35, 39 79 

So. Dist., S. S. : "Sunbeam" Class, Car- 
lisle, 15 00 

Virginia— $35.00 

No. Dist., Aid Soc: Western (Mill Creek), 35 00 

Total for the month, $ 151 08 

Total previously reported, 1,248 35 

Total for the year, $ 1,399 43 

Illinois— $75.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Junior Cong., Elgin, $25; 
S. S.: Primary Dept., Hastings St. (Chi- 
cago) $25; Primary Dept., Elgin, $25, $ 75 00 

Indiana— $25.00 

No. Dist., Aid Soc: New Paris, 25 00 

Iowa— $5.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: "Live Wire" Class, 

Kingsley, 5 00 

Maryland— $50.00 

E. Dist., S. S. : Woodberry (Baltimore), 50 00 

Michigan— $12.50 

Cong.: Dr. C. M. Mote & Wife (Beaver- 

ton), 12 50 

Nebraska — $25.92 

C. W. S.: Alvo, " 25 92 

Oregon— $50.00 

C. W. S.: Myrtle Point, 50 00 

Pennsylvania— $114.20 

E. Dist., Cong.: Ridgely, 14 20 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Williamsburg, 50 00 

W. Dist., S. S.: Johnstown, 50 00 

Total for the month, $ 357 62 

Total previously reported, 3,524 12 

Total for the year, $ 3,881 74 

Pennsylvania— $30.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: "Gleaner's " Class, Eph- 
rata, $ 30 00 

Total for the month, $ 30 00 

Total previously reported, 90 00 

Total for the year, $ 120 00 

Iowa— $40.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Roscho Royer (Dallas 

Center), $ 40 00 

Michigan— $.20 

Cong.: Woodland, 20 

Ohio— $5.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Pitsburg, 5 00 

Pennsylvania — $10.00 

So. Dist., Cong. : L. Anna Schwenk (Sugar 
Valley), 10 00 

Total for the month, $ 55 20 

Total previously reported, 1,789 38 

1,844 58 
Correction No. 12, 45 00 

Total for the year, $ 1,799 58 

Indiana— $30.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Oak Grove, $ 30 00 

Maryland— $17.50 

E. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. S. E. Engler (Sams 
Creek) 17 50 

Total for the month, $ 47 50 

Total previously reported, 144 15 

Total for the year, $ 19165 


Total previously reported, $ 134 89 

Correction No. 11, 9 95 

Total for the year, $ 124 94 

California— $46.25 

So. Dist., S. S.: "Busy Workers" Class, 
La Verne, $8.75; Missy. Class, Covina, $37.50, 46 25 

Iowa— $5.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: "Live Wire" Class, 

Kingsley, 5 00 

Indiana— $100.00 

Mid. Dist., Aid Soc: Manchester, 100 00 

Kansas— $25.00 

S. W. Dist., S. S. : Primary Dept., Salem, 25 00 

Maryland— $6.25 

E. Dist., S. S.: Mission Study Class, Long 

Green Valley, 6 25 

Missouri— $25.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: Pleasant Grove 25 00 

Total for the month, $ 207 50 

Total previously reported 1,656 26 

1,863 76 
Correction No. 11 9 95 

Total for the year, $ 1,873 71 


The Missionary Visitor 


Illinois— $13.20 

No. Dist., S. S.: Two Classes, Mt. Morris, 13 20 

Total for the month $ 13 20 

Total previously reported, 00 

Total for the year, $ 13 20 

Indiana— $26.27 

Mid. Dist., S. S. : "Sunshine" Class, 
Clear Creek, $ 19 27 

No. Dist., S. S.: Mrs. Wm. Nickler's 

Class, Middlebury 7 00 

Iowa— $93.30 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Roscho Royer (Dallas 
Center) $40; Indv. : Herbert R. Slater, $10, 50 00 

No. Dist., C. W. S. : Kingsley Jr., 8 30 

So. Dist., S. S. : Intermediate & Junior 
Classes, So. Keokuk, $34; Intermediate 

Class, So. Keokuk, $1, 35 00 

Maryland— $50.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Altruistic Class, Hagers- 

town, 50 00 

Michigan — $.20 

Cong.: Woodland, 20 

Missouri— $15.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: M. D. Royer (Warrens- 
burg), 15 00 

Washington— $19.35 

S. S. : Richland Valley, 19 35 

Total for the month, $ 204 12 

Total previously reported, 1,596 65 

Total for the year, $ 1,800 77 

Indiana— $30.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: W. Goshen, $20; S. S. : 

Cleveland Union (Elkhart) $10, ,.$ 30 00 

Iowa — $2.00 

No. Dist., S. S. : Intermediate & Junior 

Classes, Slifer, 2 00 

Ohio— $12.88 

So. Dist., S. S.: Pleasant Valley, 12 88 

Pennsylvania— $83.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: Midway 22 00 

W. Dist., Cong.: Walnut Grove, 6100 

Texas— $1.49 

S. S.: Manvel, 149 

Total for the month $ 129 37 

Total previously reported, 3,997 86 

Total for the year, $ 4,127 23 

Michigan— $1.00 
Indv.: Unknown donor of Brutus, $ 1 00 

Total for the month, 1 00 

Total previously reported, 70 54 

Total for the year, $ 71 54 

Pennsylvania— $13.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Mary Knipple (Queen) 
$3; S. S. : "Living Link" Class, Lewis- 
town, $10, $ 13 00 

Washington— $5.00 

C. W. S.: Okanogan Valley, Jr., 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 18 00 

Total previously reported, 76 00 

Total for the year $ 94 00 

Ohio— $10.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Poplar Grove, $ 10 00 

Total for the month, $ 10 00 

Total previously reported, 4,444 88 

Total for the year, $ 4,454 88 

California— $10.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: La Verne, $ 10 00 

Illinois— $384.20 

No. Dist., Cong.: Franklin Grove, $43.93; 

Elgin, $340.27, 384 20 

Indiana— $272.97 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant View, $24; W. 
Manchester, $111.48; S. S.: W. Manchester, 
%77.Z7, 212 85 

No. Dist., Cong.: New Paris, 54 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: White, 6 12 

Minnesota— $10.88 

Cong. : Minneapolis, 10 88 

Missouri — $10.40 

No. Dist., Shelby Co. Cong. & S. S., 10 40 

Nebraska— $39.00 

Cong.: Omaha, $28; S. F. Miller (So. 

Beatrice) $11, 39 00 

Ohio— $140.52 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Olivet 35 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Greenville, $21.52; Poplar 

Grove, $84 105 52 

Pennsylvania — $50.00 

Cong.: Juniata Park, 50 00 

Virginia— $131.17 

First Dist., Cong.: Green Hill, 12 50 

No. Dist., Cong.: Cedar Grove (Flat 
Reck), 48 67 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Bridgewater, 70 00 

Total for the month $ 1,049 14 

Total previously reported, 44,062 33 

Total for the year, $ 45,111 47 

California— $50.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: S. R. Roney (Los An- 
geles), $ 50 00 

Total for the month, $ 50 00 

Total previously reported, 137 48 

Total for the year, $ 187 48 

California— $37.50 

So. Dist., Covina Missy. Class for Del- 

bert Vaniman, 37 50 

Colorado— $240.00 

E. Dist., S. G. Nickey (McClave) for Dr. 

Barbara Nickey, 240 00 

Florida— $100.00 

W. F. Hollenberg (Sebring) for Fred M. 

Hollenberg, 100 00 

Idaho— $19.21 

Payette Valley S. S. for Anetta C. Mow, 19 21 

Illinois — $520.00 

No. Dist., Franklin Grove for Bertha 
Butterbaugh, $470; Virden Aid Soc. for Leah 

Ruth Ebey, $50, 520 00 

Indiana— $375.00 

Mid. Dist., Pipe Creek Cong, for Anna M. 
Forney, $225; Manchester College S. S. for 

Laura Shock, $150, 375 00 

Iowa— $1,316.00 

Mid. Dist., Dallas Center S. S. for Helser 
Africa Budget, 480 00 

No. Dist., Grundy Co. Cong., for Harlan 
& Frances Smith, $221; Primary Dept., So. 
Waterloo, for Lorita Shull, $45; " Loyal 
Helpers " Class, So. Waterloo, for Josephine 
Miller, $45; Junior & Intermediate Depts., 
So. Waterloo, for Marjorie Miller, $45; So. 
Waterloo S. S., for Jennie B. Miller, $240; 
So. Waterloo C. W. S. and Aid Soc, for A. 

S. B. Miller, $240, 836 00 

Kansas— $410.18 

S. E. Dist., Parsons S. S., $4; Young 
People's Conf., $4.44; Osage Cong., $80.69; 
Osage Aid Soc, $15; Chanute S. S., $6.05, for 
Emma H. Eby, 110 18 

S. W. Dist. Congs., for F. H. Crum- 
packer & Wife, 300 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Maryland— $645.35 

Mid. Dist. S. S.'s, $460; Hagerstown S. S., 
$185.35 for H. P. Garner & B. F. Summer, 645 35 
Michigan — $250.00 

S. S.'s of Mich., for Pearl Bowman, .' 250 00 

M issouri — $20.00 

Mid. Dist., Adrian Cong., for Jennie 

Mohler, 20 00 

Ohio— $80.68 

N. E. Dist., Owl Creek Cong., for Lola 
Helser, $20; Olivet S. S., for A. D. Hel- 

ser, $60.68, 80 68 

Pennsylvania— $1,652.85 

E. Dist., Peach Blossom Cong., for Anna 
Hutchison, $134.07; " Helping Hand " Class, 
Lebanon S. S. (Midway), for Alberta C. 
Sollenberger, $37.50, 17157 

Mid. Dist., Juniata College S. S. (Hunting- 
don), for J. M. Blough, 370 28 

So. Dist. S. S.'s, for Adam Ebey, $240; 
I. E. Oberholtzer, $250; Waynesboro Missy. 
Assoc, for Lizzie N. Flory, $200 690 00 

S. E. Dist., First Philadelphia, for Ruth 
Kulp, 100 00 

W. Dist., 7th Circuit S. S.'s for Marie W. 
Brubaker, 321 00 

Virginia— $418.00 

First Dist., Leland C. Moomaw & Wife 
(Roanoke/ City), for Elsie Schickel, 400 00 

Sec. Dist., Elk Run Cong., for Sara Z. 

Myers 18 00 

Washington— $413.34 

Wenatchee Valley Missy. Soc, $400; Wen- 
atchee Valley S. S., $13.34, for Ada Dun- 
ning, 413 34 

Total for the month, $ 6,498 11 

Total previously reported, 26,383 18 

32,881 29 
Correction No. 12, 45 00 

Total for the year, $32,926 29 


(Continued from Page 47) 

A couple of days afterwards, when the soap 
had had time to set a little, it was cut into 
110 tiny pieces and sent around by the only 
Christian man in the village to all the 
homes, each home getting one small piece. 
A number of them came to me and thanked 
me for the soap. 

At this same village we had a class for 
children along with the lessons for wom- 
en, and in this class there were require- 
ments that had to be met by each child if 
he or she would come and read. These 
were clean hands and face and regular at- 
tendance. This meant that we had to do a 
lot of washing of hands and faces each day, 
but the teacher was provided with soap, 
towel and basin. After the ten days' class 
was over I examined them, and the faithful 
readers got a handkerchief and a tiny piece 
of soap. They had learned several songs, 

three prayers, one for mealtime, for bed- 
time and the Lord's Prayer. They had also 
read from eight to thirteen lessons in "Yu 
Chien Ju Shen. " 

Perhaps you know, and perhaps you do 
not, that on a rainy day while crossing a 
wet and slippery bridge out east of Matien, 
my horse lost its bearings and fell off the 
bridge with me in the saddle. If the fall 
had to be, it was the luckiest one I ever 
had. I managed somehow to keep in the 
saddle till we landed on the rocks, and thus, 
instead of falling off and breaking my head, 
which folks say is surprising did not hap- 
pen, the brunt of the fall was on the horse 
and it shielded me. The horse had a broken 
pelvic bone, so the boy is home taking care 
of the horse while I am out here doing the 
best I can without him, because I could 
not stay at home and lose out this time, as 
I would not get here at all if I did not come 
now. Again, somehow my left foot in fall- 
ing got out of the stirrup, so when the horse 
fell on its left side it did not fall on my 
leg and thus make broken bones for me. I 
was tipped headlong into the deepest water 
and had the fun of walking four li after 
it was all over. Luckily I had a sound head 
and a good leg to do the walking with. 

When we went to the fair in Honan we 
took the ten-year-old daughter of a Chris- 
tian along to help sing, and her presence 
was a great assistance. The people were 
surprised the way she could read and sing. 
We were glad that the father was there, for 
some people thought that we had taken 
her from the home and that she was to be 
with us, and this would encourage their su- 
perstitions along that line. We were glad 
that we could hastily correct that, and say 
that her father, too, was there, and that she 
had come to attend the fair and was going 
back to her home, sixty li away. A child 
like that could have a place in such evan- 
gelistic campaigns. 

Have you measured your church by 
the Missionary Standard shown on 
Page 50? 





Supported in Whole or in Part by Funds Administered by ths General Mission Board 
With the Year Thev Entered Service 




Spanhusvagen 38, Malmtf, 

Graybill, J. F., 1911 
Graybill, Alice M., 1911 
Buckingham, Ida, 1913 

Piny Ting Hsien, Shansi, 

Baker, Elizabeth, 1922 
Bright, J. Homer, 1911 
Bright, Minnie F., 1911 
Cofrman, Dr. Carl, 1921 
Coffman, Feme H., 1921 
Dunning, Ada, 1922 
Horning, Emma, 1908 
Ikenberry, E. L., 1922 
Ikenberry, Olivia Dickens, 

Metzger, Minerva, 1910 
Oberholtzer, I. E., 1916 
Oberholtzer, Eliz. W., 1916 
Sollenberger, O. C, 1919 
Sollenberger, Hazel C, 1919 
Vaniman, Ernest D., 1913 
Vaniman, Susie C, 1913 
Wampler, Dr. Fred J., 1913 
Wampler, Rebecca C, 1913 
North China Union Language 
School, Peking, China 
Brubaker, Leland S., 1924 
Brubaker, Marie Woody, 

Kreps, Esther E., 1924 
Neher, Minneva J., 1924 

Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Bowman, Samuel B., 1918 
Bowman, Pearl S., 1918 
Flory, Raymond, 1914 
Flory, Lizzie N., 1914 
Cripe, Winnie E., 1911 
Horning, Dr. D. L, 1919 
Horning, Martha D., 1919 
Hutchison, Anna, 1913 
Senger, Nettie M., 1916 
Shock, Laura J., 1916 

Shou Yang, Shansi, China 

Cline, Mary E., 1920 
Heisey, Walter J., 1917 
Heisey, Sue R., 1917 
Smith, W. Harlan, 1920 
Smith, Frances Sheller, 1920 

Tai Yuan, care of Y. M. C. 
A., Shansi, China 

Myers, Minor M., 1919 
Mvers, Sara Z., 1919 
Ullom, Lulu, 1919 

On Fun, Shan Tai, Sunning, 
Canton, China 

Smith, Albert R., 1923 
Smith, Verona, 1923 

On Furlough 

Clapper, V. Grace, Hunt- 
ingdon, Pa., care College, 

Crumpacker, F. H., 1003 
10th Ave. Nampa, Idaho, 

Crurnpack.-r <\nna N., 1003 
10th Ave., I'ampa, Idaho, 

Flory, Edna R., 509 Honore 
St., Chicago, 1917 

Flory, Byron M., Staunton, 
Va., Rt. 3, 1917 

Flory, Nora, Staunton, Va., 
Rt. 3, 1917 

Miller, Valley, Port Re- 
public, Va., 1919 

Seese, Norman A., Bridge- 
water, Va., 1917 

Seese, Anna, Bridgewater, 
Va., 1917 

Schaeffer, Mary, 3435 Van 
Buren St., Chicago, 1917 

Elgin, in., care of General 
Mission Board 

Pollock, Myrtle, 1917 


GarkMa, Nigeria. West Af- 
rica, via Jos, Nafada A. Biu 
Burke, Dr. Homer L., 1923 
Burke, Marguerite Shrock, 

Beahm, William M., 1924 
Beahm, Esther Eisenbise, 

Heckman, Clarence C, 1924 
Heckman, Lucile Gibson, 

Mallott, Floyd, 1924 
Mallott, Ruth Blocher, 1924 
Helser, A. D., 1922 
Helser, Lola Bechtel, 1923 
Kulp, H. Stover, 1922 

Ahwa, Dangs, India 

Ebey, Adam, 1900 
Ebey, Alice K., 1900 
Shull, Chalmer, 1919 
Shull, Mary S., 1919 

Anklesvar, Broach DisL, India 
Long, I. S., 1903 
Long, Erne V., 1903 
Miller, Arthur S. B., 1919 
Miller, Jennie B., 1919 
Miller, Sadie J., 1903 
Shickel, Elsie, 1921 

Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Blickenstaff, Lynn A., 1920 
Blickenstaff, Mary B., 1920 
Blickenstaff, Verna M., 1919 
Cottrell, Dr. A. Raymond, 

Cottrell, Dr. Laura M., 1913 
Eby, E. H., 1904 
Eby, Emma H., 1904 
Kintner, Elizabeth, 1919 
Mohler, Jennie, 1916 
Shumaker, Ida, »°1C 
Wagoner, J. Earner, 1919 
Wagoner, Ellen H., 1919 

Dahanu, Thana Dist., India 

Alley, Howard L., 1917 
Alley, Hattie Z., 1917 

Nickey, Dr. Barbara M., 

Royer, B. Mary, 1913 
Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 
Forney, D. L., 1897 
Forney, Anna M., 1897 
Miller, Eliza B., 1900 
Vada, Thana Dist., India 
Brumbaugh, Anna B., 1919 
Kaylor, John I., 1911 
Kaylor, Ina M., 1921 
Swartz, Goldie E., 1916 
Palghar, Thana Dist., India 
Butterbaugh, Andrew G, 

Butterbaugh, Bertha L., 

Garner, H. P., 1916 
Garner, Kathryn B., 1916 
Hollenberg, Fred M., 1919 
Hollenberg, Nora R., 1919 
Post Umalla, via Anklesvar, 
Lichty, D. J., 1902 
Lichty, Anna Eby, 1912 
Summer, Benjamin F., 1919 
Summer, Nettie B., 1919 
Widdowson, Olive, 1912 
Ziegler, Kathryn, 1908 
Vyara, via Surat Dist., India 
Blough, J. M., 1903 
Blough, Anna Z., 1903 
Brooks, Harlan J, 1924 
Brooks, Ruth F, 1924 
Moomaw, Ira W., 1923 
Moomaw, Mabel Winger, 

Mow, Anetta, 1917 
Mow, Baxter M., 1923 
Mow, Anna Beahm, 1923 
Replogle, Sara G., 1919 
Wolf, L. Mae, 1922 
Woods, Beulah, 1924 
On Furlough 
Ebbert, Ella, 2205 Dixie 

Place, Nashville, Tenn., 

Grisso, Lillian, No. Man- 
chester, Ind., 1917 
Himmelsbaugh, Ida 200 6th 

Ave., Altoona, Pa., 1908 
Hoffert, A. T., Carleton, 

Nebr., 1916 

Church of the Brethren In- 
dustrial School, Geer, Va. 
Wampler, Nelie, 1922 
Bolinger, Amsey, 1922 
Bollinger, Florence, 1922 
Red Cloud, Nebraska, 

Eshelman, E. E., 1922 
Fort Worth, Texas, 

Horner, W. J., 1922 
Greene County, Pirkey, Va., 

Driver, C. M., 1922 
Broadwater, Essex, Mo., 

Fisher, E. R., 1922 
Piney Flats, Tenn., 

Ralph White, 1923 




Please Notice.— Postage on letters to our missionaries is 5c for each ounce or fraction 
thereof and 3c for each additional ounce or fraction. 



This is the recurring monthly question as it 
comes time to send to the printers some- 
thing to fill this space that will tell about 
our Annuity Plan. 

Again this month came the question, " What 
more can be said than what has been said " 
when there suddenly appeared from the 
grist of incoming mail the following free- 
will testimonial. This is from a sister, whom 
we will call Mary Smith, as she may not 
wish publicity, whose husband while he 
lived provided for one of our annuity bonds : 

, Kans. 

Jan. 5, 1925 

General Mission Board, Elgin, 111. 
Dear Mission Board: 

I wish to extend a few words of appreciation in behalf 
of your Annuity Plan. Bro. J. H. B. Williams was in 
our home and explained the Annuity Plan to my husband 
and me some years ago. Since my husband's death over 
two years ago I realize the comfort in this plan for my 

Mary Smith. 


Write us a Card asking for Booklet V225 

f!er\eral Mission. Board 



Elgirv, Illinois 









Cluivclixqf the brethren 

Vol, X2CVI1 



®Ij£ Urmrieljmimi c»£ Ji»jcml 















^nlsteT^IncP' President ' N ° rth Man " CHARLES D. BONSACK, General Secretary. 

J. J. YODER, Vice-President, McPherson, h. SPENSER MINNICH, Educational Secre- 

Kans. ' tary and Editor Missionary Visitor. 

A. P. BLOUGH, Waterloo, Iowa. TT . „. . 

H. H. NYE, Elizabethtown, Pa. M. R. ZIGLER, Home M 1S sxon Secretary. 

J. B. EMMERT, La Verne, Calif. CLYDE M. CULP, Treasurer. 

All correspondence for the Board should be addressed to Elgin, 111. 



The subscription price is included in EACH donation of two dollars or more to the 
General Mission Board, either direct or through any congregational collection, provided 
the two dollars or more are given b.y one individual and in no way combined with 
another's gift. Different members of the same family may each give two dollars or more, 
and extra subscriptions, thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they 
know will be interested in reading the Visitor. NO VISITOR SUBSCRIPTIONS ARE EN- 

Kindly notice, however, that these subscription terms do not include a subscription for 
every two dollar donation, but a subscription for each donation of two dollars or more, 
net matter how large the donation. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting the 
Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, the Visitor will 
be sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

To insure delivery of paper, prompt notice of change of address should be given. When 
asking 1 change of address, give old address as well as new. Please order paper each year 
if possible under the same name as in the previous year. 

Address all communications regarding subscriptions and make remittances payable to 

Entered as second class matter at the postoffice of Elgin, Illinois. 

Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in section 1103, Act of 
October 3, 1917, authorized Aug. 20, 1918. 

Wl'T ■' I • i ■ ■• ' 

Missionary Day in the Sunday School 
Do You Have It? 

The General Mission Board appeals to all the Sunday- 
schools of the Church to raise a special offering one Sunday- 
each month during this year as a special offering to missions. 
This is to be over and above all present offerings because the 
present receipts of the Board will not pay for the missionary 
work being done this year. May we suggest that this should 
be a SPECIAL offering, and enthusiasm on the part of superin- 
tendent and teachers will help make it special. 

General Mission. Board 




Published Monthly by the Church of the Brethren Through Her General Mission Board 

Volume XXVII 

MARCH, 1925 

No. 3 




Sowing and Reaping, By Nettie M. Senger 68 

Foreign Missions at Home, By Bertha F. Thomas, 69 

An Automobile Trip, By J. E. Wagoner, 70 

Growing a Church in Michigan, By Ira D. Scrogum, 74 

I Go A- Visiting, By Leo Lillian Wise, 75 

"Will You Send Your Daughter to School?" By Mary E. Cline, 76 

December India Notes, By Mrs. Bertha L. Butterbaugh, 77 

A Letter From Africa, By Marguerite (Shrock) Burke, 78 

China Notes, By Minnie F. Bright, 82 


Missionary News, 84 

Books Received, 85 

Marching Orders, 85 


By the Evening Lamp, 86 

Nuts to Crack, 87 


The Washington Missionary Convention 


THE Washington Missionary Confer- 
ence is now history. The missionary 
promoters of all churches felt the 
need for such a gathering, where the com- 
mon aims and attainments of the missionary 
movement might be discussed. The Foreign 
Missions Conference, which includes rep- 
resentatives from practically all foreign 
mission boards, promoted it. It was at- 
tended by approximately 5,000 people, from 
nearly every denomination. The Church of 
the Brethren had present between sixty and 
seventy members. 

Christianity for the World could well have 
been called the theme of the meeting. The 
compelling personality of Christ, the Son 
of God, and our love for him, is the highest 
motive for launching out in the missionary 
enterprise. ^ 

There were too many addresses for all to 
be reported, but some of the thoughts can 
be given to stimulate our own thinking. 

The aim of missions in other lands is that 
they may know Jesus only; not the church, 
nor American civilization, nor even the Old 


The Missionary Visitor 


Testament, but Jesus. The intellectual 
classes were not touched until the aim was 
centered in Christ, jg 

A Hindu gave four musts .for the success 
of Christianity in India: 1. Christians must 
live more like Christ. 2. Christians must 
practice and teach their religion without 
adulterating or toning it down. 3. Emphasis 
must be put on love as the working force. 
4. Christians must study non-Christian re- 
ligions, in order to have a sympathetic touch 
with them. jt 

Christian education and evangelism can- 
not be compared with each other. They 
cannot be separated. Christian education is 
evangelism. If it is not, then it is not educa- 
tion, jj 

The kingdom of God is a kingdom of pow- 
er. Paul was a transmitter of this power 
to the lives of his fellow-men. An inventor 
merely discovers the method of releasing 
nature's forces so they can be used. The 
real business of being a Christian is dis- 
covering how and being a transmitter of 
spiritual power. Learning how to live 
among men, with faith, hope and love that 
knows no frontiers, is the power that trans- 
forms the world. The Christian's life is the 
way God is now writing his new Testament. 

The Mission Boards must approve pro- 
grams acceptable to their constituency. It 
is the responsibility of boards to lead the 
church out in the study of the world's needs. 
Churches should mobilize all their power 
to see that the contacts of their nation 
with other nations are Christian. The co- 
operation of all agencies — religious, social, 
and economic — is needed in the missionary 
program. We must learn how to cooper- 
ate with the rising Christian churches in the 
Orient. We must learn to know God in his 
true sense, that he is not a comfortable, 
easy-going God, but rather that he leads 
us out to every brother of every race. 

Practicing Christianity at home is more 
important than preaching it abroad. We 
are hindered in taking Christianity to other 
people, because we do not live a pure 
enough type to let it stand out preeminently 
above other religions. 

The Christian basis for world peace can 

be stated as follows : 1. The essential unity 
of all races under the leadership of Christ. 
2. The supremacy of public right in world 
•affairs. 3. Recognition that all the na- 
tions are members of the family. 4. All 
men owe their allegiance to the community, 
state and nation, but this allegiance does 
not rise above their allegiance to the cause 
of humanity. The world will always have 
unsolved problems, and a court should be 
set up to decide disputed questions, rather 
than to let war have the first chance to 
make its settlement. 

It is not the business of missionaries to 
complete the task of world evangelization, 
but to start it well and then expect the peo- 
ple of other lands to carry on the good 
work. The foreign mission field is any area 
in which Christ is a Stranger. Here in 
America, where Christ is supposed to be 
known, there are millions who have no 
idea what the Gospel is. Education is not 
an area of life that has the right to repudi- 
ate the claim of Christianity. Yet our pub- 
lic-school system has shut from its doors 
the teaching of religion. 

Robert E. Speer, in the closing address of 
the convention, called on all Christians to 
believe in the supernatural power of Christ. 
He stated he believed that Christ did walk 
on the sea, that he did raise the dead unto 
life, and that Christ waits for me to again 
perform such miracles in his name. He 
said Christ calls us to bring all resources to 
his feet — not only part, but all, even our- 
selves. It isn't how much we bring, but 
whether we bring everything. 

The Age of Generous Gifts 

The accumulating of large fortunes in the 
names of single individuals is considered in 
general an unwholesome thing. However, 
in America there are men who have re- 
turned these large fortunes to the people 
in gifts to art, science, music and medi- 
cine. Their wealth is systematically dis- 
posed of to help the poor, the invalid class, 
the blind, the orphans and the widows. 
There are also many wealthy men who 
demonstrate their interest and belief in 
religion by making large gifts for missions, 
colleges and other church enterprises. 


The Missionary Visitor 


These liberal givers are not merely money 
hoarders, but they collected their wealth 
with a noble purpose and have distributed 
it for others. 

Among this class of people could be 
named George Eastman, who accumulated 
immense wealth in business, and while still 
living gave $12,500,000 to each of four edu- 
cational institutions, in addition to an en- 
dowment of $2,500,000 to a university,, mak- 
ing the sum total of his benefactions $50,- 

A list of twenty-five or more similar bene- 
factors could readily be secured. There is 
nowhere to be found in the Scripture ap- 
proval of the mere money gatherers who 
use their talent for selfish purposes. They 
are soon forgotten; but the man or woman 
who regards all wealth as a trust, to be 
applied to the highest and best purposes, 
will live in the memory of a grateful people. 

Needs Requiring Beneficent Givers 

Several unusual opportunities in the form 
of needs for large gifts now confront the 
General Mission Board. There is the need 
in India for a Land Loan Fund of $10,000. 
This need not be a gift, but a loan to aid 
worthy Christians to become land owners 
and more able to support the Indian church. 

Then in India there is also the urgent call 
for funds to erect the hospital plant at 
Dahanu, in the Marathi language area of 
our mission. This work has been waiting 
and suffering for lack of funds. In the 
neighborhood of $12,500 is required to equip 
this institution. 

At Anklesvar, India, a church with a 
membership of 800 has no suitable church 
building. The native Christians have pledged 
10,000 rupees (about $3,300), and a church 
in Iowa has pledged slightly less than this. 
In addition to these pledges about $7,000 
is still wanted. The regular mission funds 
of the Board are not large enough to make 
these hopes come true. Does God put in 
the hearts of some beneficent givers the 
purpose to satisfy these needs, and thus 
establish their right to be known as "they 
who loved their fellow-men"? 

A Call to Prayer 

The Federal Council of Churches, as is 

their annual custom, has issued a special 
call to prayer for the week before Easter. 
The Visitor editor joins the great spiritual 
body of the church in prayer and requests 
all Visitor readers to make their best con- 
tribution through prayer to the spiritual 
powers of the world. The spiritual unity 
of the body of Christ is nowhere better 
exemplified than in the universal feeling 
of joy at Eastertide, preceded by those 
deep feelings of penitence and aspiration, 
which center in contemplation of the suf- 
fering and triumph of Christ. 

As a suggestion to ministers preparing a 
series of pre-Easter sermons or to individ- 
uals for guidance in their Bible reading 
and prayer, we offer the following: 

Suggested Topics for Sermons 


The Passion of the Savior 

Sunday, April 5 — The Savior's Suffering in the Hour 

of Triumph, Luke 19: 41, 42 

And when he drew nigh he saw the city and 
wept over it, saying, If thou hadst known 
in this day, even thou, the things which be- 
long unto peace! 

Monday, April 6 — Suffering From Undeserved 

Hatred, Luke 19: 47 

The principal men of the people sought to 
destroy him. 

Tuesday, April 7— Suffering From Blind Selfish- 
ness, Luke 20: 14 

But when the husbandmen saw him they 
reasoned one with another, saying, This is 
the heir; let us kill him, that the inherit- 
ance may be ours. 

Wednesday, April 8 — Suffering Relieved by Human 
Love, John 12: 7 

Against the day of my burying hath she 

kept this. 
Thursday, April 9— Suffering From Treachery, 

Luke 22: 21 

Behold the hand of him that betrayeth me 

is with me on the table. 
Friday, April 10 — The Fulness of the Savior's Suffer- 
ing, John 19: 30 

It is finished. 
Saturday, April 11 — The Savior in the Realm of 
Death, Matt. 27: 66 

So they went and made the sepulchre sure, 

sealing the stone, the guard being with them. 
Easter Day, April 12— The Triumphant Christ, 

..Luke 24: 5 

Why seek ye the living among the dead? 


The Missionary Visitor 

A R< 


VILLAGE evangelism is one important 
part of missionary work in which it 
is hard to see just what is being 
accomplished. We cannot look into hearts 
and detect how much gospel truth 
is taking root, and we have no way of 
knowing that superstition has been up- 
rooted until it shows itself in the fruits of 
a changing life. Many are the times that 
I wonder if I get anything done. I travel 
much over mountains, fording rivers, going 
through heat and cold, through rain and 
wind to get to the villages to teach the 
mothers. I seem to have everything but 
what we call necessary conveniences, and 
often wonder if the Board and home church 
get value received for what they put into 
this work. Then I wonder if the Lord is 
getting value received in me. But he has 
told us to go and teach and not to answer 
such questions. 

We have had many wild dreams as we 
travel the roads in the saddle, about when 
the villages in this district would all be 
Christian, and the mothers, too, living in 
the love and strength of Jesus. These 
dreams are beginning to be realized. My 
hope has been that I might live so close to 
the people, and make myself so much one 
with them, that they will feel free to come 
to me with spiritual needs and desires as 
well as temporal. We missionaries need 
to be careful in teaching that the people 
do not come for baptism just because they 
think it pleases us, rather than because of 
a felt need. Hence I leave that question 
entirely with them. It was my great pleas- 
ure a few weeks ago to receive two happy 
women who had walked three miles to tell 
me they want to be baptized. They are 
truly in earnest, have caught the spirit of 
Christ, and have already borne not a little 
hardship because they with their families 
stand alone in the village for Christ. But 
they know the joy and peace Christ daily 
gives, and cannot be moved by unkind 
words of neighbors to let it go. They hope 
to win the whole village to Christ. The 
elder of the two is sixty years of age. 

owing ana i\eaping 

Missionary to China 

She has learned the phonetic script in our 
classes and is teaching it to her friend who, 
because of home duties, has been unable to 
attend the classes. Both sing a number of 
hymns, and with their families have wor- 
ship together every Sunday and Thursday. 

As I write I am sitting in a small country 
church court, a day's journey from the rest 
of the missionaries, and my heart is sad 
because, after all my labors here, the re- 
sponse seems to be so superficial. The vil- 
lage mothers must be brought to know 
Christ if China is to be a Christian nation. 
Remember me at a throne of grace in all 
the joys and heartaches that come to one 
in this village work. Seed is being sown, 
however, that later will bring results, and is 
dropping into the hearts of children, form- 
ing habits that will do much to ground 
them in the faith of Jesus. Just one incident 
as an example of this : A two-year-old boy 
is the son of a praying father, who is living 
in the first joys of the Christ love. He 
kneels in prayer daily and prays aloud often 
using the words, "Hallelujah, praise the 
Lord." This two-year-old child sees him, 
and is coming to know his father as a pray- 
ing man. The child often goes to the place 
of prayer, where a tiny mat is spread on 
the brick floor; he kneels, bows his head, 
closes his eyes, as he has seen his father do, 
and says, "Hallelujah." This one word is 
all he has gotten of the prayer, yet he is 
forming the habit and spirit. He will never 
be the same as the child reared in the 
superstitious practices of idolatry, and will 
come to have Christian habits, without 
which one cannot get very far in the rich 
life Christ would have his children live. 

Many such incidents could be related, 
that show how Christianity is getting a firm 
hold on children in their most impression- 
able years, and Christ will yet reap har- 
vests figured by multiplication as well as 
by addition. Be a partner with me in this 
district of six counties. I'll face the front 
with all its problems, and you be the power 
behind the scenes in prayer. God will know 
who did the work and reward accordingly. 


The Missionary Visitor 


n Mi: 

at H 

oreign missions 



ON April 29, 1923, a class of nine 
Chinese boys, with two lady teachers, 
met for study of English and Bible 
in one of our Sunday-school rooms. The 
pastor, his wife and others, were there to 
greet them, thus giving them a welcome to 
our church, and they were served to tea 
that same evening at the parsonage. They 
continued to meet each Sunday afternoon, 
and as now more room was available, they 
were told to invite their friends and that 
more teachers would be secured. Gradually 
others did come and on Sunday, July 1, 
there were twenty-five present. Attendance 
has not fallen below this on many Sundays, 
and there are usually more than that 
present. Many times it is above thirty. 
Some have come only to visit. Some have 
come and gone after a few Sundays before 
it was possible to secure them an individual 
teacher. Each prefers his own individual 
teacher, but in some cases a teacher has 
more than one pupil. The teaching force 
has gradually been enlarged to meet the 
demands, and they give their time regu- 
larly to this work. Most of them have 
already attended the morning church serv- 
ices and several of them teach in the morn- 
ing Sunday-school also, but because of the 
eagerness of these boys to learn they are 
willing to help them. Besides the regular 
study, other assistance has been given, such 
as private lessons in English and music in 

the home, advice given, envelopes addressed 
to their homeland; and in a case or two 
the younger ones on arriving in America 
have gained entrance to the public schools 
through their teachers. Several attend the 
city schools. 

A staff of officers now conducts the 
school, and the chorister devotes a portion 
of the time each Sunday to teaching them 
the Christian hymns in our Sunday-school 
song books. They love to sing them. One 
of the boys who attends the Americanization 
school of our city, and who speaks English 
quite well, is being trained to act as secre- 
tary. A splendid corps of teachers is with 
the work, and along with the study in 
English they teach them Bible stories and 
Scripture verses. The Chinese boys like 
them, and they speak the name of Jesus 
in reverence. For a few months during the 
past summer a Chinese professor, who is 
studying at one of our universities, attended 
the school and also the morning church 
services, requesting that he be given a 
Bible teacher, as he wished to study the 
influence of Christianity while in America. 
One of our local ministers became his 
teacher. Now that he is elsewhere, he still 
writes back his appreciation of what we 
are doing for his people. 

A summer picnic in Rock Creek Park, 
dinners and entertainments at Thanksgiving 
and Christmas, furnish delightful occasions. 

Washington, D. C, Chinese Sunday School 


The Missionary Visitor 


General expressions from officers and teach- 
ers show how much they enjoy the work, 
and how glad they are to assist these for- 
eigners in our midst to imbibe American 

ideals, always with the hope that they may 
learn also to know Christ and the Christian 
way of living. 
Washington, D. C. 

An Automobile Trip 

Missionary to India 

IT was the day after the language ex- 
amination. This has nothing to do 
with the story, excepting to explain 
how I came to be at Anklesvar, and, there- 
fore, on this trip. For, had this " exam " 
been on any other day, or at any other 
place, then most assuredly I had not had 
this opportunity. The previous evening 
Bro. L. had intimated that he was making 
this journey, had told its purpose, and had 
invited me to accompany him. Thus we 
have two reasons for my participation. A 
third is that I have a sort of instinctive de- 
sire to be out in the open, especially when 
that open has, or may have, game in it and 
I am so fortunate as to have my rifle at 
hand. And we expected to take our guns 
with us. 

And may we insert here, lest it be for- 
gotten or overlooked, and I be held to ac- 
count later for some of the statements 
herein written, that for the first reason 
given above my memory may not be as ac- 
curate in the details as it should be, and 
for that reason I will not vouch for every 
word, but I am. reasonably sure of the main 

We were up bright and early, this term 
having the Indian significance and not the 
American. The car was put in shape, and 
the provisions that we thought necessary 
were provided. These consisted of some- 
thing to eat and something to drink. And 
somewhere near seven o'clock we were 
ready to start. Bro. L. told me confidential- 
ly that we should be back by the middle of 
the afternoon; that he had frequently made 
such trips with the car; and that it had 
never given him any trouble. So we 

For the first few miles everything went 
lovely. Engine had that contented hum 
which is a delight to the driver's ear. The 
country round about was beautiful, and the 

air was just crisp enough to be exhilarating. 
We threw back our shoulders and joyfully 
drank it in. Perhaps two miles out we 
made our first stop. This was wholly vol- 
untary. We came to an Indian village in 
which some of our Christians were living. 
We stopped, had Bible reading, prayers, 
and tea. This tea drinking is a thing one 
can scarcely get away from. In order not 
to offend people it must be taken. But lest 
you misunderstand and think we have be- 
come martyrs to tea drinking, let me say 
that most of us have made a virtue of neces- 
sity and have come to like it. When one 
is drinking tea which is hot, one has time 
to deliberate between remarks, and this, 
I am sure you will agree, is a good thing. 
We left this village and sped on toward 
the south. The roads were fair. Here in 
India we have a splendid illustration of 
what happens when one thing follows in 
the tracks of another everlastingly. The 
tracks on either side of the center of the 
road become deeply worn, but so long as 
the body of the wagon can safely clear the 
ridge they continue to use it. Now a cart 
can do this longer than a car. Or, to say it 
another way, the road becomes impassable 
for a car much sooner than for a wagon. 
This, because the wagon is farther from the 
ground. However, this was not our first 
trouble. Suddenly there seemed a little 
variation in the hum of the engine. Then 
there was more of it. Then quite a lot. 
Next we had stopped again. And on this 
occasion it was involuntary. We decamped. 
After considerable investigation it was dis- 
covered that the exhaust pipe was clogged. 
We unclogged it and proceeded on our way 
quite merrily. It was not very long until 
the same process was repeated. And we 
began to notice the climbing temperature. 
I was wondering how far it was back to 
Anklesvar. Also how far it was to our 


The Missionary Visitor 


destination. Bro. L. confided to me that he 
had never had so much trouble before — no, 
not in all the times that he had been out 
in the car. This was comforting; also it 
was disheartening. It might not continue 
— and it might. There was no way of 

However, our troubles seemed to be at 
an end. We sped on for more miles, and 
after twisting and turning this way and 
that, following the tortuous road, and after 
digging ourselves out once or twice we ar- 
rived at our destination, or what we had 
thought would be so. 

As Bro. L. had come on legal business 
our first task was to make inquiries con- 
cerning the special officers we had to deal 
with. First information elicited was to the 
effect that said officer had gone to another 
village, but might be expected back soon. 
Very well, we concluded to utilize this time 
in getting rid of our repast. 

The natives stood all around the car while 
we were in it and seemed especially inter- 
ested in our guns, but when we began to 
eat they left us to ourselves. I am told 
that this is a custom of their own, it being 
considered impolite to stand around watch- 
ing while strangers eat. Whatever the rea- 
son, I appreciated the fact. 

This accomplished we went to the court- 
room, where Bro. L. transacted as much 
of his business as he could, and if my 
memory serves me correctly, we had tea 
as usual. Then it developed that the neces- 
sary officer could hardly arrive that day, 
so it looked like we should have to make 
another trip later. I think just here I was 
a problem to our brother, but like a real 
brother he never said anything that in any 
way even remotely suggested it. But he 
did say that it was only a few miles on to 
an Indian mission station — one financed by 
the Indian church — and we might as well 
go on there and return later. And as we 
knew that if we did this we could not pos- 
sibly return to Anklesvar that night, we 
both wrote letters, he to Bro. A. S. B. 
Miller, and I to my wife and children, in- 
forming them where we were, where we 
were going, and when we should probably 
reach home, and telling them not to worry, 
as we were perfectly safe and would come 
home all O. K. And we hoped that these 
same letters would be placed in their hands 

that same evening, or, at the latest, the 
next morning. And having thus made our 
consciences clear we started on the second 
part of our journey. 

We left, I think, about three o'clock. The 
roads were not good, but might have been 
much worse, and were, later on. One of 
the most undesirable features of most of 
our roads is their crookedness. Some- 
times there is a nice, level, straight road 
for forty rods. But not often. It has often 
been observed that for crooked roads, 
crooked streets, crooked trees, crooked ani- 
mals and crooked persons India has every 
other country in the world bested a mile. 
I do not know how true this is, but I can 
bear testimony that there seems to be no 
end of such crookedness here. And some- 
times, through centuries of use, the roads 
are worn so deep that one cannot see out 
on the sides, and so narrow that two ve- 
hicles can not pass. Into one such place 
we came, and* I remember thinking, as we 
entered it, that it might be likened to an 
experience of Paul's in which he said that 
he was going on, not knowing what was 
before him. This was very much truer than 
I had thought. So much so that since that 
time I have been somewhat superstitious 
about using that phrase. We shot down 
between these two banks, and in a few 
minutes came to a small stream which was 
easily forded. But in going up on the 
other bank, in such a place that it was not 
observed, we collided with the stump of a 
tree and came to a sudden and alarming 
stop. It was involuntary again. Upon in- 
vestigation we learned that the front axle 
was bent back about a foot, and the case 
in which the flywheel revolves had a huge 
dent in it. It was stuck tight. I asked 
how far it was to Rudha, and was told that 
it was not very far. I was thankful that 
it was no worse, and as it was not yet four 
o'clock felt sorry only for the damage to 
the car and the expense of having it re- 
paired. I think Bro. L. did not know the 
exact distance to Rudha, our destination, 
so we asked some men who were near and 
they said, "About three miles." We sent 
for the mission oxen, and then proceeded 
to take off the front axle, intending to 
straighten it, because both wheels seemed 
to want to travel in the middle of the road, 
and we suspected this would never do. I 


The Missionary Visitor 


think we had removed that axle in an hour, 
and then discovered that we had no way 
to bend it back into straightness. How- 
ever, your missionary is nothing if not a 
man of resources, so he made a fire and 
thrust the axle into it. When it became red 
hot, which was about a half hour later, we 
devised means of making it almost straight. 
Then we put it back into place, or as near 
to its proper place as we were able. 

By this time the sun was nearly down 
and we were expecting the oxen every min- 
ute. And our expectations were not in vain, 
for they soon came. And with the Indians' 
usual exactness, they had brought no yoke. 
You see, we had sent for OXEN. These 
they had brought. Now what to do? We 
sent back across the river for a yoke. Then 
the oxen did not want to be hitched up. 
They did not know what an automobile 
might do. Neither did they know that this 
one was harmless; that it could not go by 
itself. But after much persuasion they 
were yoked. One seemed a good, steady 
fellow, but the other insisted on seeing what 
was happening. He would put his tail 
where his head should have been, and this 
did not make for efficiency. However, one 
thing we can always count on here, even 
as at home. When an accident occurs 
there is always a crowd of onlookers. This 
was our salvation. With one oxen pulling, 
and one watching and backing away, and 
a dozen or so men and boys pushing and 
pulling, we got the machine to moving and, 
a few minutes later, to the road. It was 
now beginning to get dark, but I reflected 
on that three miles, and the rate we were 
traveling, and took comfort, though I was 
both hungry and thirsty. Bro. L. was guid- 
ing the car and I was riding behind on a 
two-wheeled affair with no back and very 
little front. I suppose the car was rather 
heavier than these oxen were used to 
pulling, for soon they stopped and it took 
considerable coaxing to persuade them to 
move on. Besides this, it was their regular 
quitting time. But they were persuaded 
and we rolled on. In this way we 
passed an hour or so until it was quite dark. 
We had no light. I ventured to inquire of 
the driver of the oxen behind which I was 
riding how far it was to Rudha. And he 
said, " Not very far now. Only about 

three miles." Here I began to. get my first 
suspicions about that three miles. 

But I had sufficient other things to keep 
my mind busy. The farther we went the 
worse the road became. There was high 
grass on each side and tree stumps were 
in the middle. I do not remember how 
many times we had to stop and uproot 
some stump. I have always felt that it was 
an act of Providence that we broke down 
by the river where we had a place to do 
some repairing, as I am morally certain 
that had the wreck not occurred there, it 
must have done so later on and under less 
favorable circumstances. 

I think it must have been about eight 
o'clock when I perceived that we were ap- 
proaching a village. I supposed it was 
Rudha. When we stopped I was sure of it. 
But out of the babel of voices I learned 
that we were only asking for a lantern. 
And they seemed to be very scarce in this 
village. But by dint of questioning, and 
sending inquiries, and of persuasion, and I 
know not what all else, we finally secured 
one. And while I was stretching my weary 
limbs I again ventured to inquire the dis- 
tance to Rudha. And this chap spoke as 
though he knew what he was talking about. 
He said, " It is not far. Only three miles." 
I began to wonder if we were traveling in 
a circle. 

Now, having a lantern, we made fair 
time and the going was good, till we came 
to a field. Perhaps I have forgotten to 
mention it, but it should be said here and 
now that very, very many of our roads 
start out and then just continue to go on. 
One may well be in doubt as to whether 
they have any especial place to go. But 
this is all in the seeming, for they all do 
go somewhere. And wherever that place 
may be they go winding across fields, val- 
leys, over hills, and across streams in every 
way but a straight way until the destina- 
tion is reached. Well, as I was saying, we 
came to a field. Perhaps the owner had 
dug up his field with the road in it without 
telling any one about it. Anyway, it was 
rough. It was awfully rough. And it had 
become chilly. And I was tired and sleepy. 
But I did not say anything, only to ask 
how far it was to Rudha. And again the 
monotonous reply came to my dull ears, 
"Not very far now. Only THREE 


The Missionary Visitor 


miles." I think it was about nine o'clock 

We might continue this for some time. 
But what is the use? It was the same thing 
over, but it seemed worse. The bumping, 
the coldness, the sleepiness continued. 
Finally the moon came up. But she came 
up in the west, and not in the east like a 
well-regulated moon should, but I was so 
tired that even this did not matter. If she 
wanted to rise in the west it was all right 
with me. And then we came to the worst 
piece of road I have ever seen outside of 
Illinois. I have reference to those roads 
we used to have when there was an early 
thaw, and then after they were cut up as 
bad as they could possibly be it would turn 
cold and freeze them about ten inches deep. 
During the latter part of the monsoon this 
piece of road had been a small pond. The 
cattle had used it and made deep footholes 
in it and the sun had baked it. I wondered 
if the car could possibly get through. But 
it did. You see it was made by H. Ford. 
And then, wonder of wonders! I saw a 
light farther on; and another; and another; 
and people coming to meet us. And then 
we turned in. We had arrived. It was only 
ten o'clock. I felt like asking some one if 
it were three miles yet, but had not the 

Yes, it was after ten o'clock, and these 
good people, the Indian teacher and his 
wife, had been waiting for us since early 
evening. While they were warming our 
meal — and what was wafted on the air to 
us was surely appetizing — we took a bath. 
Went outside to a little six by six affair, 
having a mat roof and sides. We had hot 
water and bathed by pouring this water 
over our bodies and letting it run down. 
It certainly did take the aches from our 
tired limbs. Then a little dash of cooler 
water to prevent our taking colds and the 
operation was completed. 

They brought in our dinner: chicken cur- 
ry, eggs, tea, bread and butter and hot 
buffalo milk. I was as hungry as the pro- 
verbial bear and I suppose I ate like it. 
Bro. L. was much more moderate, but that 
made no saving to our host, as I ate what 
was left. We had of course gone without 
food during that portion of the day in 
which we ordinarily eat twice, and were 
proportionately hungry. 

After this we were shown to our beds. 
Very nicely made up they were. But, as 
we had come away not expecting to stay 
all night, we were not prepared as we usu- 
ally are. We had no mosquito nets. But 
we were able to outwit them — the mosqui- 
toes — by keeping the cover over our heads. 
They did not bother so much. But, at 
least for me, the fleas are a different mat- 
ter. When they bite I cannot sleep, and 
they bite frequently. And I should say 
here that it was entirely my own fault. 
There is a perfectly orthodox way of out- 
witting these little pests. What I should 
have done is on this wise : When one has 
undressed, the clothes are put away from 
the bed, not near it. Then sitting on the 
edge of the bed one very carefully draws 
up one foot and much more carefully wipes 
it. For, be it known, the flea is a modern 
chap and likes to come to his host's bed 
by the way of the elevator, said foot being 
the same. Then when quite sure that there 
is no inhabitant on this first foot, it is 
tucked, with as much grace as possible, be- 
neath one, and the same operation is re- 
peated with foot No. 2. If proper care has 
been taken there should be no fleas to an- 
noy one. I did not do this. I was too tired 
and sleepy. And while I enjoyed the first 
deep sleep they enjoyed a feast. I awak- 
ened and so continued until morning while 
my brother slept peacefully until morning. 
The explanation that he gives for the dif- 
ference in our night's rest is that our little 
friends were trying to take from me what 
I had taken from him at dinner. But I 
maintain that there was this difference : 
he was willing, and I was not. 

In the morning there was some work 
to be done on the car. Bro. L. did most of 
this. Also there were services. After lunch 
at noon I left to find a train that daily 
makes its way into this jungle, leaving our 
brother working with an almost super- 
human patience with the engine. And I 
may say here what every one knows full 
well if there is anything that will try out 
one's patience to the utmost, it is just such 
an experience as we passed through. And 
I want to bear this testimony to my brother. 
In all of it I never heard one word that 
might not have sounded all right in the 
pulpit. Mind, I'm talking about him, not 
(Continued on Page 96) 


The Missionary Visitor 


Growing a Church in Michigan 


THE Hart church is a typical ex- 
ample of the characteristic way in 
which the great majority of the 
Brethren churches have been established. 
There is nothing unusual about its estab- 
lishment or growth, but it is an inspiring 
instance of what a group of faithful breth- 
ren and sisters can do for the promotion 
of the kingdom, when these interests are 
uppermost in their minds at all times and 
under all circumstances. 

In 1913 three families moved into the com- 
munity from Illinois, seeking health and 
other advantages. Though there were two 
families of the Brethren faith in the com- 
munity, no services had ever been held in 
Hart or the surrounding country by our 
people. The first Sunday after the arrival 
of these newcomers, a Sunday-school was 
organized and preaching services were be- 
gun. These were held in the homes of the 
members for about four months until the 
present place of worship was rented. 

This beginning of the work was in the 
territory of the Sugar Ridge church, whose 

encouragement and interest continued until 
the organization of the Church of the 
Brethren of Hart, Aug. 14, 1915. Elders J. 
E. Ulery and D. E. Sowers, then members 
of the Mission Board of Michigan, had 
charge of the organization. In the mean- 
time several isolated members within the 
territory included in the new organization 
were brought into touch with the work, in- 
spired to new life in the church, and have 
become faithful workers for their Master. 
These, together with several baptisms, 
made twenty charter members for the new- 
ly-organized church. 

Since this beginning the church has grown 
to a membership of 46, by letter and bap- 
tism. Most of the baptisms have been ac- 
cessions at the regular church and Sunday- 
school services, oftentimes those coming 
during the week to seek admission to the 
church. Two brethren have been called to 
the ministry, and one ordained to the elder- 
ship. Three have been chosen deacons. 
From the Hart church several talented 
workers have gone to other fields of serv- 

Hart Church of the Brethren 


The Missionary Visitor 


ice, and it is the natural thing for her 
young people to seek preparation for larger 
service in our own colleges. 

In 1916 an unoccupied store building, six 
miles east of Hart, was purchased and con- 
verted into a neat little house of worship. 
The pressure from the people of the com- 
munity for services by the Brethren was 
very great at the time this step was taken, 
and has been rewarded by a good interest 
in our work and a harvest of precious souls, 
who like the simple life and sociability of 
our people. In 1920 the present house of 
worship in Hart, which was previously 
rented, was purchased. These two houses 
of worship have been purchased and paid 
for, with scarcely any outside help, in ad- 
dition to the regular local expenses and 
benevolences of the church. 

Ever since the beginning of the work 
of the Brethren in Hart, our influence has 
been felt in the community. Our services 

have been better attended, in proportion to 
the number of members, than any other 
church in town — so much so that others 
have asked what it is about our services 
or our religious life that "compels" our 
members to attend so faithfully. Our Sun- 
day-school ranks well in comparison with 
other schools in Hart, as well as in the 
District. Our people are well respected and 
liked by all the townspeople, and our op- 
portunity for larger things is a challenge 
for our best for the Master's glory and 
the promotion of Brethren ideals and stand- 
ards of Christian living throughout the 
social life of this community. Nothing spec- 
tacular has been done, no high-sounding 
methods have been employed in our church 
work, but the leaven of true Christian liv- 
ing and the Brethren's contribution to the 
religious life and the social development of 
the community have made the work worth 

I Go A- Visiting 


I WAS invited to a missionary society 
meeting, and one feature of it was of 
particular interest to me. We hear it 
said, over and over again, that if we do 
not know about a definite project we will 
not take any interest in it. Certainly that 
is true about missions. We must know to 
understand the situation, to see the field, 
to feel the tug of humanity before we can 
respond as we should. And to know calls 
for a broad reading schedule. 

In this particular society they are making 
a special effort to reach the standard that 
each member shall read three books — one 
inspirational, one on foreign missions, one 
on the home field. However, they are not 
content to stop with the three books per 
member, but are reading as many more as 
they can. They have a chart for the forty- 
some members, and after each name are 
placed the stars as credit is earned. A blue 
star stands for an inspirational book, a 
silver star for home fields, and a gold star 
for foreign missions, if I remember cor- 

You will readily see that if forty-some 
women are to read books there must be 

books provided. It was explained to me 
that they began their library several years 
ago, by individual members purchasing 
books; or, if one book was expensive, two 
members would buy it. After they had 
read the book it was presented to the 
library. As they also have a society for 
girls they have junior books as well, and the 
members of one society have access to the 
books of the other society. By this time 
they have quite an extensive library, one 
of which they can well be proud. 

In this society the dues are $1.20 per 
year, out of which $1 goes to the branch 
society for carrying on the advancement 
of the kingdom. Then they also have free- 
will offerings; one offering a year goes to 
the General Board for free literature. 

We do not have such a system in our own 
church, but we could carry on a reading 
course in connection with our Sisters' Aid 
Societies. We could have a literature table 
at our monthly meetings and could hand 
out literature from the General Mission 
Board. We, too, could build up libraries 
in our churches that would be of untold 
value in developing the Christian life. 


The Missionary Visitor 


"Will You Send Your Daughter to School?" 


THE father of one of our schoolgirls 
has been sent for, and he has come. 
After a few commonplace remarks, 
we state our business. 

" Will you not send your daughter to 
Ping Ting to enter Junior Middle School 
this term? She has finished as much as we 
have here, but she is a very bright girl and 
should continue her studies." 

" I do not know. It is quite a long way 
for her to go. I will have to consult with 
her mother first and see what she says. I 
will let you know later. " 

A few hours later he comes back with 
this report: 

" I should like for her to go, but her 
mother is not willing. She thinks we had 
better have her married. " 

" Married? Why, she is a mere child yet. 
How old is she? " 

" Yes, she is still young. She is fifteen 
years old. " 

" Certainly you won't have her marry yet ! 
She is a very promising girl; it would be a 
pity not to give her an opportunity to go 
to school any more. You understand the 
importance of education, and how much it 
means to those who can take advantage of 
it. You want your daughter to have these 
advantages, I know. Can you not talk with 
her mother, and get her to see what it will 
mean to the girl, and persuade her to put 
off the idea of marriage for several years 
and allow her to go? " 

" I will go back and see what can be 
done. " 

"All right; I should be glad if you would 
report as soon as possible. " 

After a short while the father again re- 
turns. This time his report is more en- 

"We talked the matter over again, and 
her mother has cons'ented for her to go. " 

" Fine, I am so glad, and I know your 
daughter is quite happy. " 

11 Yes, she is anxious to go. When does 
school open? " 

" Next week. And she ought to start in a 
few days. Can she be ready by that time? " 

"Yes, she has clothes enough, and her 
bedding is ready. " 

" Good ! Then we can expect her to go, 
and I am glad she need not be late." 

Late the same afternoon the father re- 
turns again. 

" I am afraid she cannot go, after all. Her 
older brother is not willing. " 

"But you are her father. Can you not 
decide this question rather than her broth- 
er? " 

"No, if her brother objects, I have no 
plan. So it is settled. She will not go. " 

"I am very sorry. Is thete no way? The 
matter of finances has nothing to do with 

"Well, yes, that does have something to 
do with it. " 

"In that case, I think we might be able 
to help some. What do you think about 
it? Do you think, with some help, she 
might be able to go ? " 

" I do not know, but will go back and talk 
it over again and see what they say. " 

Still the same evening the father comes 

" Yes, she may go. Her things will all be 
ready and she can go. " 

Fearing that he might have changed his 
mind during the night, the next morning 
two teachers and myself go to the home. 
The mother is busy looking over the girl's 
clothes. The girl herself is fairly bubbling 
over with happiness, as she tell us: 

"Yes, I can go. I must go out on the 
street and buy a few pairs of stockings, and 
then I shall have everything that I need." 
Later it is reported that she is not to go. 
Two teachers go again to the home. The 
father is quite angry. 

"No, she can't go. It is quite settled, and 
you needn't talk to me any more about it. " 
The father and mother have a very heated 
argument, the mother pleading for the girl, 
who is now in tears. But the father remains 
firm. Just why he has taken this stand we 
are unable to find out. The probability is 
that he himself is the one who was not will- 
ing from the first. He is a Christian, at 


The Missionary Visitor 

least in name, and is in the employ of the 
girls' school, so he hadn't the face to say 
that he himself was unwilling, and tried to 
put it off on the mother and brother. But 
when they would not cooperate he had to 
take it in his own hands. What can we do? 
Absolutely nothing. So she must remain at 

This true incident illustrates one of the 
problems of the educator of girls in China, 
the problem of getting the girls in school, 
and of keeping them in school. The girls 
themselves are usually willing enough, but 
all too often one or both parents object, 
in which case they present excuse after ex- 
cuse until one comes to the conclusion that 
the Chinese, while not inventors of me- 
chanical things, certainly excel in another 
kind of invention. 

But as Christianity spreads and develops 
in China, these prejudices and objections 
against the education of girls will gradually 
disappear, and the day will come when the 
education of girls will be as prevalent in 
China as in other lands. 

•J* -J* 

Mrs. Bertha L. Butterbaugh 

At this Christmas season most of the stations 
have a community meal together, either on the 
bungalow veranda or near it, all depending on the 
size of the crowd. Vyara and Bulsar have the 
largest gatherings at such occasions. These social 
times always bind the people closer together. 

Many hearts and homes were made glad in India 
this past Christmas season through the many gifts 
sent by D. V. B. Schools, Aid Societies and other 
sources. ^ 

At Vyara the " white gifts service " was again 
observed. There was one hundred rupees raised. 
This does not include any of the gifts from the 
many villages. At this writing I do not have 
the amount of the village offerings. 

At Ahwa the people have little money to give, 
so they bring rice or chickens. The offering at 
Umalla amounted to $12. They sent it to the 
British and Foreign Bible Society. 

The Anklesvar boarding-school girls carried out 
the spirit of " It is more blessed to give than to 
receive," when, asked what they would give to- 
ward this year's Christmas gift, they said, " We 
have no money, but will do without our food." 
For one month, each Sunday noon, they ate their 
rice dry and did without the clarified butter and 
the cane sugar which they always have at this 

time. That same evening they did entirely without 
a meal. One hundred girls this way saved $27. 
Counted in rupees it amounts to about 85. At 
their own wish this money was sent to our mission 
in Africa for the new hospital there. 

On Christmas day the Anklesvar church took up 
an offering for the building of the new pro- 
posed church there. j* 

At Palghar the boarding boys took out of their 
own hard-earned money enough to buy some sweet- 
meats and churner to treat the poor children in 
neighboring villages. They were busy all Christ- 
mas morning distributing their small gifts and 
singing Christmas cheer into many hearts. 

The story of the Waukie gift is a whole story 
in itself, but space forbids it, and only brief state- 
ments can be given. All through the year Sister 
Shumaker and her workers have been teaching 
the spirit of " it is more blessed to give than to 
receive." Last year they had to turn away sixty 
beggars who came too late to receive any of 
the Christmas treat. Their pitiful pleading made 
a lasting impression on the workers there. They 
said to Miss Shumaker, " We cannot let this hap- 
pen again, so we have a plan to make to you. 
We will make a money box and put our offer- 
ing in it each Sunday through the year, though 
it may be only the widow's mite." So on the 
Sunday before Christmas this box was opened and 
their money (not missionaries') was counted. It 
amounted to thirty-eight and one-half rupees. It 
was a joyous occasion for all. This money was 
spent for something for the ones who would come 
on Christmas day. On that happy day 793 people 
were present at the Waukie school, and out of 
this number 72 were beggars. 


This is the touring season for the missionaries 
and their helpers. At Vali, Brother and Sister 
Lichty spent Christmas week in a village where 
seventeen of the boarding boys had gone home 
to spend their Christmas vacation. The boys were 
helpful in the evening meetings. 

At Umalla Bro. Summer was touring in a new 
territory and found a friendly attitude by all 
classes. He was often invited into the home of 
the high castes to dine. Some medical work was 
done also. & 

Bro. A. S. B. Miller and family are touring in 
the Anklesvar district. A week before Christmas 
five persons were baptized as a result of their 
evangelistic efforts. »j 

During the forepart of December Bro. Forney 
worked in the villages of the Uniarea, of the 
Jalalpor territory. Then, during Christmas week, 
he was accompanied by Sister Forney, Lucile and 
Brother and Sister Brooks. They visited fisher folk 
at Bhat. 

(Continued on Page 96) 


The Missionary Visitor 


A Letter From Africa 


Note. Alice Shrock, a sister of Marguerite Shrock 
Burke in Africa, wrote asking her a number of 
questions about the African folks. The answer is so 
full of information that is seldom given out in mis- 
sionary papers that we feel it will be very interest- 
ing for reading in Aid Society or organized class 

Sister Burke writes very interestingly and does 
not complain about any of the hardships of this 
pioneer and often lonesome life. Let us cheer the. 
hearts of our workers by remembering them in 
prayer and by supplying the necessary money for 
their work. 

Garkida, Nigeria, July 13, '24. 
Sunday, A. M., 11 : 00. 
My dear Ones at Home: 

We have just come back from church 
services this A. M. We had them in the 
new church and school building for the first 
time. It has not been dedicated yet so we 
were in a class room and are saving the 
auditorium until it is dedicated. Have not 
decided when that will be yet. 

I am still sleepy after being up last 
night helping to entertain the "judgie, " 
but then we don't have the chance to see 
white folks very often so we are privileged 
to make quite a fuss when we do see 
one ! 

A long time ago we got a letter with a 
lot of questions in from Alice. I hadn't 
time to answer them at first and so put 
them away, and since then have not been 
able to find them until yesterday, and 
thinking that some of the same questions 
might be in all your minds, I am answering 
for the benefit of you all. 

Question 1. What kind of lights do the 
people have? 

The Buras do not have lights at all in 
the way we think of lights. They seldom 
go out of their compounds at night, and 
inside they generally have a small fire go- 
ing, and in case they want a light for 
some reason, a bunch of grass makes a 
sort of torch. 

Question 2. What kind of houses and 
furnishings do the pure natives have? 

Their houses are mud rooms about 12 
feet in diameter, round, with a straw roof, 
cone shaped. The furnishing in these 
rooms consists of a mat, or two, some- 
times ! They sit on these in the day time 

and lie on them at night. However, I 
imagine there are fully as many who do 
not have mats as there are who do. There 
are always several of these rooms together 
forming part of a circle, the rest of the 
circle being fenced off by posts in the 
ground close together and corn stalks tied 
on so as to form a tight wall about 7 or 

8 feet high. This compound may have from 
2 or 3 of these rooms about the edge, to 

9 or 10, at times. It depends on the num- 
ber of wives, live stock, children, etc., that 
the head man, or man of the house owns. 
In other words, as all these things are 
measured by money, ft depends on whether 
he is a "rich or poor man. The average 
man will have a compound with 5 or 6 of 
these rooms. One of these for each wife 
and her children. In this size house there 
would be 2 or 3 wives. Then they would 
probably have one of the houses for goats 
and the other for chickens, the man, of 
course, having one room of his own. They 
are all furnished alike. Then inside this 
compound there is a granary for each wife 
and her children, and one for the man at 
least. There may be an extra one or two. 
These are also mud structures made in 
a cone shape, and a cone roof of straw 
turned upside down on them. There is also 
a long flat stone with a number of smaller 
ones around that they use on the big one 
to grind their guinea corn into a meal, or 
really a flour, it is so fine. Now besides 
this there are perhaps as many as a dozen 
" cokwas " or hollowed out gourds of dif- 
ferent sizes and shapes from a half pint to 
five or six gallons. These are used for 
nearly everything, as bringing their water 
supply from the river, storing thrashed 
corn, although they thrash it almost as they 
use it. These are also their food recep- 
tacles, from which they eat with their 
hands. Then they have several earthen- 
ware pots which they make from clay and 
bake. These are used to store the water 
in and to cook their food in. They build a 
fire, having several stones to hold the pot 
up from the fire, and then they have every- 
thing absolutely necessary to life. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Question 3. How do they protect them- 
selves from wild animals? 

In the first place the animals that at- 
tack humans almost never appear in the 
day time, and they have these tight fences 
around the compound and stay there, very 
largely, after night. Then, although the 
fence in itself would not keep out all of 
the animals, you all know that fire will 
absolutely keep them away, so they build a 
little fire there in the middle of the com- 
pound. As for weapons, they have bows 
and arrows with which they are very ac- 
curate. They even have a very poisonous 
herb which they prepare and poison the 
arrow points. Then they have slings with 
which they throw small stones, much like 
David used, I think. 

Question 4. How do they worship, and 

Their idea of worship is so very different 
from ours that we hardly know whether 
to call it that, but I guess it is. They have 
an idea of one God over all and that his 
home is above. They always salute you and 
ask for his blessing to rest on you, whether 
they meet you on the road, at your home, 
or just the boys here saying good night. 
But as for worshiping him, they do not 
do it. They rather do things to appease 
the evil spirits that are with them con- 
tinually. These evil spirits are very real 
to them. They see them at night, and be- 
lieve that they enter people's bodies, caus- 
ing them to do all kinds of things, especial- 
ly after there has been a death in a family 
when the bad spirit of that person is sup- 
posed to be always coming back and haunt- 
ing the family for a while. They drink 
wine and promise the spirit some sacrifice 
on their part if he will leave them alone, 
which always works, they, say! 
Question 5. How do they fix their food? 
Their "bread of life" is "diva." It is 
made from the guinea corn ground fine like 
flour, stirred into boiling water, like 
we would mush, only they make it much 
thicker so that they can take it up in 
their fingers as we would bread. This is 
their main food, but they always have 
some sort of " sukwar " with it — maybe a 
few beans cooked to a pulp, with a bit of 
salt, or oil, if they can get them. Or it 
may be only leaves of trees cooked, or 

fish dried or fresh, or meat if they can 
get it. If they have meat once or twice 
a week they are lucky, really. Then when 
there is work and they are earning money, 
they many times buy buttermilk from the 
Fulanies and use that. In the case of any 
but the milk the sukwar is in a small gourd 
separate from the diva and they take a 
piece of the diva in their fingers and touch 
it in the sukwar and eat it. The sukwar 
for five or six people is less than a pint! 
They sit around the cokwas on the floor 
and all dip into it together. 

Question 6. Do they eat whenever they 
get hungry, or don't they have any special 
time for eating? 

I think it is more or less of a common 
thing to have food about twice a day, but 
that is only when they have it, of course! 
They are seldom known to keep anything 
back until tomorrow, so if they should have 
good luck in getting an antelope or some 
such big thing, they would have a feast and 
eat it. It would be cut in chunks, placed 
in, or on, an open fire for a short time, and 
then eaten. Then they may be without 
food for a whole day, or even two or three 
days. But say, you should see their 
" tummies " after they do get something 
to eat. All children, especially if they can 
get food, have huge "tummies." 

Question 7. Are there any marshes, or 
what kind of soil is around your home? 

There are low lands or marshes. In the 
wet season considerable of the land close 
to the river is quite wet, but on the other 
hand, in the very dry season everything 
gets so dry that only a very small part 
of the river bed has water, so what is river 
with deep water now, in dry seasons is 
nothing but a sand bed, much like the old 
Sahara must look. Some of the soil really 
looks a bit like our muck land at home, 
but not much of it. Of course, as we have 
told you before, we have many huge rocks 
scattered all around. Then the hills are 
gravelly soil like where our house is lo- 
cated. Between the hills is a sandy loam. 
Some places, as for instance, back of the 
kitchen on our hill, is a place where they 
dug clay for use in building the house. 
Beyond the motor road is a place where 
they dig mud for the houses. Homer says 
that is a sort of gumbo soil, whatever that 


The Missionary Visitor 


is. I never heard of it before we came 
here but I never saw this kind of soil either, 
— that may explain it. Ha ! So you see we 
have all kinds here, but most of it is sandy 
or gravel soil. 

Question 8. Are the people suspicious of 

Well, I hardly know what to say. People 
who have never seen us before are shy a 
bit at first. Especially children, but after 
they see us once or twice, and especially 
after we greet them in their own language, 
they soon forget it. Tasting of our food, 
or taking our medicine for the first time, 
especially if they have not seen a Bura 
doing it, is something that they hesitate 
about or even refuse to do, but even these 
are being overcome. 

Question 9. Wasn't I afraid when Homer 
was gone to the meeting with the officials? 

No, I was not alone. There were always 
at least two other white women, and some- 
times three or four, besides one or two men 
sleeping in the same house. You see we 
were still at the S. I. M. Station when he 
was gone then. But even when he went 
touring here with Stover, and Albert and I 
and my black boys were alone, I was not 
afraid! In the first place the natives are 
too scared to be out themselves at night, so 
I need not worry about them. Then, as 
for wild animals, they seldom, if ever, enter 
a large house, and even when it was hot 
and I slept out in the yard, I always slept 
with the shot gun loaded right by my head. 
Then, when one night a tiger did come to 
get a chicken, before I could get at him 
with the gun he was gone, and it didn't 
frighten me at all. I even wished for him 
to come back to see if I might not be 
quicker and get his hide, but no such luck. 
Then further, as Laku used to say when 
he would lie down not too far from my 
bed, for he was a bit afraid, " Hyel adi, " 
meaning " God is " and implies that he is 
all sufficient. As to your going, too, Alice, 
you don't know what you would do until 
you are here. I couldn't have possibly 
gone although I don't like to be left alone. 

Question 10. Are you gaining or losing 
in weight? HA! HA! 

I haven't seen any scales big enough to 
weigh me or any other grown individual 
since January 11, or more than six 

months ago. But at least I am not gain- 
ing for aH my clothes are getting so loose 
that I am having to tighten them so I can 
keep them on ! Doctor is getting thinner, 

Question 11. Is it real hot, and what do 
you do for fans? 

We have gone through a hot season, and 
it was hot too. But the mornings and 
evenings always were made pleasant by a 
cool breeze. The middle of the day is 
scorching, surely, but fanning would be too 
much of an exertion to indulge in. In- 
stead, we would take sheets, make them 
wringing wet with water, and hang them 
all over the bed, and crawl into bed. Day 
or night it helps amazingly. Several nights 
even when we could not sleep for the heat, 
we would saturate a sheet and put it next 
to our bodies. Believe me, in that parched 
atmosphere one nearly caused frost to ap- 
pear. It was marvelous how cold the evap- 
oration did make things ! Now we are in 
a cooler season. It gets very hot in the 
sun at midday now, sometimes, but most of 
the time it is beautifully cool. Two weeks 
ago today we even had a bit of hail with 
the rain. 

Question 12. What kind of beds do they 

This has been partly answered, I think. 
They use a mat if they have it. If not, 
the mud floor is just as soft! They sleep 
in their clothes, even if it is smiles and 
sunshine, except, in case of the latter, 
they change for moonshine! Some of the 
rich ones can afford a blanket, and I assure 
you it is appreciated on these cold nights. 
I don't mean by that, that we foreigners 
suffer with the cold, but they shiver before 
we get comfortably cool. 

Question 13. Aren't the people afraid 
of your Ford? 

Yes, when they have never seen one be- 
fore, or even when they are not used to 
being around them. They are worse than 
chickens or cattle at home in the road 
when we want to pass. They are sure 
to run the wrong way or else not run at 
all. There were many very amusing things 
happened along that line when we were 
coming in from Jos. Some old men who 
could not run far away from the road like 
the younger ones mostly did, would drop 


The Missionary Visitor 


on their knees with their faces on the 
ground and call out continually. " Albarka, 
Alia, Albarka, Alia," meaning "God bless 
you, God bless you." Some would be so 
terribly afraid and frightened that they 
could do nothing but bow down to the 
ground and clasp their hands over and 
over again as great tears would roll down 
over their cheeks. 

Question 14. Have any of them ever 
robbed you? Do they ever try to? 

Yes, there are some here who are long 
fingered just the same as there at home, 
and naturally some things come up missing. 
A big old screw out of a nail puller came 
up missing and a few days later it was seen 
inserted through the middle of the upper 
lip of one of the women working here. It 
was quite a task to make them give it up 
for it was such an unusual ornament, but 
we finally got it. They pick up little things, 
and a few do not stop with the littler ones. 
Our cook left one night with a pair of doc- 
tor's trousers and some guinea corn — prob- 
ably some other things, but we do not 
know for sure. Yes, sometimes they try 
and we catch them up on it too. But you 
have to watch folks at home, and you would 
hardly expect not to here. 

Question 15. Are there any good looking 
darkies over there? 

Say, listen. Are there any good looking 
whites over there? Of course there are 
good looking folks here, and the average 
here are surely finer specimens than we 
folk that are of the pale skinned type. At 
home they are too fat, too skinny, or some 
other of the numerous things, but here they 
have beautifully formed bodies and the kind 
of work they do develops wonderful mus- 
cles, and the}' carry their heads and shoul- 
ders up beautifully. Their skin is smooth 
and soft. Sure if you really want to see 
some true beauty in human bodies, you will 
have to get out of the white race, and 
look in the land of their darker skinned 

Question 16. What do you do the whole 
day long, or rather days? Do you have 
time to read, or are you taking in the 

Well, well, they are getting harder all the 
time! — the questions, I mean. It is impos- 
sible to tell all that we do. Our house work, 

for one thing, is just like at home, only 
there is more of it because of the inconveni- 
ences that are here, such as mud stoves and 
ovens. They are terrible, to say the least. 
But next year we will have stoves, thank 
goodness! Then all of our water has to be 
carried from the river over a half mile away. 
We hire women to carry it both for our- 
selves and the hospital. We have to see 
that there is plenty of water, and that the 
jars are clean. We have to see to boiling 
all of our drinking water, getting it through 
the filter, and keeping that washed and 
scalded every day. Then things wear out 
so fast here whether they are in use or 
not that there is lots of mending to do, 
even more than at home. I can scarcely 
keep things enough mended to have some- 
thing to wear. Hubby's trousers and socks, 
especially, need attention. Then you must 
remember that there aren't just two in our 
family. We have three or four boys all 
the time and these youngsters come to us 
here just like they would come at home, 
without any clothes whatever, and then 
instead of buying some clothes at the store, 
or having the Aid Society make them, you 
sit down and make them clothes yourself. 
Then they wear out, and that means to 
mend for five or six people instead of two. 
At home we don't need to spend time learn- 
ing language. Here several hours every 
day we must sit down and try to learn 
to talk this language. Then the boys have 
to be taught, the business of the mission 
looked after, a hospital to look after and 
keep clean, hospital laundry to care for, 
sick folks coming for treatment, and others 
coming to ask the doctor to go to some vil- 
lage either close or farther away to see 
some sick friend. Besides this we are try- 
ing to raise at least some things in the truck 
patch to eat. There is considerable mail to 
answer, or write, and really it might be 
easier to answer what we did not do. Sure 
we read some when we get time, or rather 
when we get something to read ! When we 
get mail only every two weeks, and some- 
times not much then, we get so hungry 
for news and reading matter that when it 
does arrive we drop everything and satisfy 
our raving appetites with some news from 
the outside world. As for the sights, there 
are plenty of them and doctor has been 


The Missionary Visitor 


able to see many of them when he goes out 
to the different villages to see sick folks, 
but I have been away from home very 
little really. Hope to go more now since 
we have a horse. I cannot ride a bicycle 
good enough yet, and doctor's is needing a 
tire, so he has been using mine, and that 
way we could not both go, anyway often. 
Some one has to stay, and as it is the 
doctor that is wanted, it of course is for me 
to stay at home! 

Question 17. Do you really like it there, 
or do you just write that way so we will 
not know how bad things are? 

Yes, indeed, we do like it here! There 
are some things of course that are not so 
nice, and we sometimes long for the "mel- 
ons and cucumbers " but that is only once 
in a while. For these people are so needy 
in ALL ways and are generally so appre- 
ciative of the things that are done for 
them that that of itself would be enough 
to make us want to stay, for the joy of 
service is the only lasting joy there is. But 
then, besides that, this is a BEAUTIFUL 
spot of God's handiwork, and for a long 
time at least it will not cease to be very 
interesting. Then all the good game we 
get to eat here could never be had for any 
price at home. We never have cold weath- 
er, never have to wash windows, wood 
work, mop the floor, and can sleep out of 
doors every night, don't need to get out 
summer clothes and put away winter ones, 
or vice versa, for it is all one grand long 
summer, etc. 

That is some list of questions, but I am 
glad when folks ask questions for then I 
can answer them and be sure that what 
I am writing will be interesting, which I 
never know when I write " gappana " as the 
Buras would say, meaning, anything, or 
nothing in particular. 

Oh, I see I missed one question now. 
Is the sun round? Yes, it is round and 
looks bigger than at home, I think. And 
as for the heat — sometimes it seems as 
though it would set the whole earth on 

We expect the mail from home this P. M. 
and it cannot come too soon. The time 
flies fast, but then the last day or two 
just before it is to come, we do get power- 
ful anxious to hear, and then sometimes 

after they are here and have so little in, 
we feel slightly disappointed, but we soon 
get over that and two more weeks of work 
roll around quickly and we find ourselves 
wondering what the next mail will con- 
tain, and if we start thinking about it, we 
get nearly wild waiting if we still have 
a day or two to wait. But we always 
survive, you note! Ha! 

Marguerite (Shrock) Burke. 


Minnie F. Bright 
Part of November and December 

The station family at Ping Ting ate their Thanks- 
giving dinner at the Coffmans'. The table was 
loaded with all sorts of good things and every one 
partook of them most happily. The foreign chil- 
dren gave us an interesting little program after 
the dinner hour. <£ 

Miss Baker had a week away from the hospital, 
having been invited by the hospital staff at Tai 
Ku to conduct the practical examination there for 
their senior nurses. This is a requirement of the 
Nurses' Association of China, that an outside nurse 
conduct these examinations. Our own senior nurses 
have taken their examination in the first three sub- 
jects, and we are hoping that at least one will 
make honor grades. Eleven boys and six girls are 
in training. Applicants for nurses' training are 
being constantly turned away and the standard for 
admittance is being made more rigid all the time. 

Not long ago a man was carried into the hospital 
with a large gash in his abdomen. The stomach 
was torn open and the wound was filthy, indeed, 
but he recovered without an infection! 

Bro. Myers writes from Tai Yuan Fu thus: "At 
Tai Yuan, owing to the different occupations in 
which the members are engaged, it is difficult for all 
of their little group of Christians to get together, so 
they chose a Chinese holiday, Oct. 15, to have a 
meal or dinner. They had such fine, wholesome 
fellowship that they called it their fellowship 
meal, and they were all drawn closer together and 
to their Master. It was the first time that all of 
their little band had eaten together in this way, 
but they hope it will not be the last time. About 
thirty-five enjoyed the occasion, and all were able 
to manipulate the chopsticks and relish the whole- 
some yet simple meal." ** 

After the above occasion, Pastor Chao exhorted 
the newly-baptized members to faithfulness in Bible 
study and church attendance. Then Bro. Myers ex- 
plained the new organization of our mission, in 
which the Chinese have a large part in planning 
and deciding policies for the work. There was an 
enthusiastic response. Following this their church 
was organized, with Bro. Myers as elder, Mr. 
Wang secretary, and Miss Ullom treasurer. 

The friends at Tai Yuan said they had a fine 



The Missionary Visitor 


Christmas service Dec. 21, when old Dr. Edwards 
led the service. He is a beloved veteran in the 
Lord's work in that city. He spoke on Peace-, 
and held his audience spellbound with his mes- 
sage. After the service a special offering was 
taken for the poor of the city. Millet was dis- 
tributed and each recipient also received a bit 
of the Christmas message and a tract of the 
Gospel. <£ 

On Christmas afternoon the Y. M. C. A. High- 
School students of Tai Yuan gave a program for 
the poor boys of the city. They raised about 
$20 largely from the student body and bought 
something for the poor boys. The whole program 
was in their hands. They dramatized the " Good 
Samaritan " in an impressive manner, and told 
the Christmas story. They furnished the music, 
which was accompanied with Chinese instruments. 

Bro. Heisey, of Shou Yang, has had three special 
classes for enquirers the past month. The first 
was held at an outstation with an attendance of 
about twenty. Six of these were women, who 
came regularly. Some of them will be ready for 
baptism by spring. The second class was also 
at an outstation, with an average attendance of 
forty. The work at this place is being builded on 
an old foundation, there having been work here 
before the Boxer time. The third class was held 
in the city, with an average attendance of seventy. 
Quite a number of these came in from the vil- 
lages and outstations. Among the enquirers are 
several men who are able to preach and support 
their own work. & 

The Christmas exercises at Shou Yang were large- 
ly in the hands of the Chinese leaders. On Christ- 
mas afternoon the schoolboys and some of the 
men paraded the streets, distributing tracts and 
telling the story of the Christ-Child. There were 
special exercises by all the departments, with big 
and little doing their part. The climax of the 
day was reached in the evening, when in the large 
auditorium of the new boys' school building the 
various departments rendered a program together. 
Sitting and standing, the auditorium will hold 
something like five hundred. When every place 
was full the gates were closed, leaving a large 
crowd outside. Government officials and school- 
teachers were in attendance. 

Shou Yang has purchased the land and build- 
ings of the present dispensary, which heretofore 
has been rented. Dr. Hsing is quite busy and 
the work in general is encouraging. 

Miss Horning made a trip to Tai Yuan recently, 
to assist in arranging for the retreat to be held 
next summer. All the missions in Shansi have 
a part in this. However, this particular one is 
for the women's evangelistic workers only. 

Bro. Bright made a trip to the coast for the 
mission, returning just before Christmas. He was 
" Big Santa " for a good many of the big family. 
Traveling is most unsatisfactory these days, and 

thieves are plentiful on the railroad lines, while 
food, light and heat are luxuries not attained. A 
Remington portable typewriter was stolen from Bro. 
Bright in the Peking station, but later was re- 
covered. Bro. Crumpacker did not fare quite as 
well when he had a suit case full of clothing taken 
from him at the same place, just as he was 
leaving for his trip, by way of India. 

Chester Flory was able to spend Christmas with 
his folks at Liao. For awhile the principal at Tung 
Chou, where Chester is in school, thought best not 
to permit any of the children to go to their homes, 
because of the unsettled condition of the country, 
but affairs became a bit more settled by the time 
the children were to have their holidays. 

Dr. Coffman and Ernest Ikenberry went to the 
Yu Ta Ho hills here in Shansi for a week's hunt- 
ing. The doctor brought down a wonderful pig 
and had great plans for the Christmas dinner here 
at Ping Ting, but alas, the monster was a few 
pounds too heavy when it came to getting it on 
the train, and the doctor had to leave his pig be- 
hind and come home empty-handed. No wild boar 
for Christmas dinner, but the pig did finally ar- 
rive three days after Christmas after some of the 
meat had been taken off and the carcass made 
lighter, so as not to trespass on railroad regula- 
tions! £ 

The Christmas season at Ping Ting was a busy 
time, with the various departments giving special 
programs through the week. A contribution of 
money and grain for the poor had been collected, 
and many a life was made a bit happier because 
of the joy that came into the world. 

The Brights spent a part of the Christmas season 
with friends in Tai Yuan Fu. 

Ping Ting Chou, Shansi, China, 
Jan. 5, 1925. 

A few weeks ago there were seventy-eight 
baptisms at Ping Ting. Pastor Yin did the 
baptizing. Among these were Calvin, "Edna 
and Fern, three of our foreign children. 
They, too, were baptized by Bro. Yin. These 
seventy-eight, together with the forty-three 
of last summer, make one hundred and 
twenty-one additions to the Ping Ting 
church the past year. Many of these came 
from the villages where the work is most 
encouraging and the group was perhaps the 
most substantial yet received into the church. 
But there were also teachers, students, 
soldiers and military officers. 

A most spiritual communion followed the 
baptismal services in the evening. The 
church was entirely filled and a most quiet 
and reverent atmosphere prevailed through- 
out the services. 

— — 4 


The Missionary Visitor 



©fj? ffititkttB Corner 

The editor invites helpful contributions for this department 
of the Visitor 



Dr. Cadman Has the Well Wishes of 


The White House, 
Jan. 26, 1925. 
My dear Dr. Cadman : 

I have just learned of your election as 
president of the Federal Council of the 
Churches of Christ in America, and I want 
to extend to you my congratulations on 
your elevation to this important position. 
It will no doubt afford a wonderful op- 
portunity for good service, and you have 
my best wishes for your success in every 
way. I trust that you will find it convenient 
to come down to see me at an early date. 
Very truly yours, 

(signed) Calvin Coolidge. 
Rev. S. Parkes Cadman 
64 Jefferson Ave., 
Brooklyn, New York. 

The Spring Run (Pennsylvania) Sunday- 
School Children's Effort for Missions 

Last spring the Sunday-school superin- 
tendent asked the children to engage in 
some work to earn money for missions. 
They raised chickens, planted potatoes, ran 
errands and did household duties. Their 
earnings amounted to $44.86. 

Their Sunday-school is also supporting 
three $50 shares in India, Africa and China. 
A monthly missionary program is given 
by the Sunday-school, with encouraging 
talks from the pastor. 

What They Say About " Our Missions 
Abroad " 

I have just read " Our Missions Abroad," 
and wish it were possible for me to ex- 
press to you my appreciation of its worth. 
The book is splendidly written for the 
purpose intended. The glimpses it gives us 
of the life work of some of our own dear 
missionaries grip me anew with the spirit 
of missions. I am working this week to 

have two mission schools begin the study 
of this little book as soon as they can ar- 
range to do so. Mrs. J. Z. Gilbert. 
Los Angeles, Calif. • 

Distribution of Visitor Cost for a Typical 
Issue, April, 1924 

Editorial $ 55.82 

Illustrating 25.00 

Stenographic 25.00 

Linotype 102.11 

Hand composition 44.46 

Cylinder press 77.25 

Cutting 9.92 

Folding 8.18 

Girls' hand work 7.05 

Girls' machine work 21.48 

Mailing 58.91 

Materials 164.82 

Total cost $600.00 

Some items of cost, such as editorial and 
type setting, do not increase with an in- 
creased circulation, and additional sub- 
scribers entail a cost of slightly more than 
thirty cents per year. 

The subscription price of the Missionary 
Visitor is $1 per year. However, most sub- 
scribers secure it as a gift when they con- 
tribute $2 or more to missions. The cost 
is paid from the world-wide mission fund. 
The subscription terms are printed on the 
inside front cover of the Visitor each 
QUESTED. We fear there are those who 
feel the General Mission Board has not 
been careful to keep its promise to give the 
subscription when they make an adequate 
gift. Please set all such folks right. The 
Visitor is not given unless requested. 


The Missionary Visitor 


World's Living Religions 

Wide interest has been aroused by the 
book " The World's Living Religions," by- 
Robert Ernest Hume, Ph. D., professor in 
Union Theological Seminary and formerly 
of India. The following table quoted from 
it constitutes a useful summary: 

Founded in Followers 

Hinduism 2000-1500 B. C. 217,000,000 

Judaism 1500-1200 B. C. 11,000,000 

Shinto 660 B. C. 16,000,000 

Zoroastrianism 660 B. C. 100,000 

Taoism 604 B. C. 43,000,000 

Jainism 599 B. C. 1,000,000 

Buddhism 560 B. C. 137,000,000 

Confucianism ' 551 B. C. 250,000,000 

Christianity 4 B. C. 557,000,000 

Mohammedanism 570 A. D. 230,000,000 
Sikhism 1469 A. D. 3,000,000 


Any book mentioned here can be secured from 
the Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, 111. 

Can We Find God? The New Mysticism, 
Arthur B. Patten; $1.50; George H. Doran 
Co., New York. 

The Winning of the Far East, A Study 
of the Christian Movement in China, Korea 
and Japan, Rev. Sidney L. Gulick ; $1.35; 
George H. Doran Co., New York. 

The Master Missionary Series, Vol. I, 
David Livingstone, Hubert F. Livingstone 
Wilson ; Vol. II, MacKay of Uganda, Mary 
Yule ; Vol. Ill, Chambers of New Guinea, 
Alexander Small, B. L. ; $1.35; George H. 
Doran Co., New York. 

The Syrians in America, Philip K. Hittie, 
Ph. D. ; 139 pp., $1 ; George H. Doran Co., 
New York. 

Home Letters from China, The story of 
how a Missionary found and began his 
work in the heart of the Orient, Gordon 
Poteat, A. B., Th. M. ; $1.50; George H. 
Doran Co., New York. 

The Master Missionary Series, Vol. V, 
Jackson of Moukden, Mrs. Dugald Christie, 
of Moukden; Vol. VI, Ion Keith-Falconer, 
of Arabia, James Robson, M. A., $1.50; 
George H. Doran Co., New York. 

Dramas of the Bible, Flory ; $2; The 
Stratford Co., Boston. 

The Story of John G. Paton (Revised 
Edition), Dr. James Paton ; revisions made 
by A. K. Langridge; $1.50; George H. 
Doran Co., New York. 


Leader. — Remember that you bear a par- 
don from the King to every repentant rebel. 

For God so loved the world, that he gave 
his only begotten Son, that whosoever be- 
lieveth in him should not perish, but have 
everlasting life. — John 3: 16. 

And his gospel of the kingdom shall be 
preached in all the world — Matt. 24: 14. 

First Voice. — Be sober, be vigilant; be- 
cause your adversary the devil, as a roaring 
lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may 
devour: whom resist stedfast in the faith. — 
1 Pet. 5 : 8, 9. 

Second. — Looking diligently lest any man 
fail of the grace of God ; lest any root of 
bitterness springing up trouble you. — Heb. 

And have no fellowship with the unfruit- 
ful works of darkness, but rather reprove 
them.— Eph. 5:11. 

Third. — Whatsoever thy hand findeth to 
do, do it with thy might. — Eccles. 9:10. 

Fourth. — Let your light so shine before 
men, that they may see your good works, 
and glorify your Father which is in heaven. 
—Matt. 5 : 16. 

And whatsoever ye do in word or deed, 
do all in the name of the Lord Jesus, giv- 
ing thanks to God and the Father by him. — 
Col. 3 : 17. 

Fifth. — Search the scriptures; for in them 
ye think ye have eternal life: and they are 
they which testify of me. — John 5 : 39. 

Sixth. — Be careful for nothing; but in 
every thing by prayer and supplication with 
thanksgiving let your requests be made 
known unto God. — Philpp. 4:6. 

Seventh. — Keep yourselves in the love of 
God, looking for the mercy pf our Lord 
Jesus Christ unto eternal life. — Jude 21. 

Eighth. — Watch ye, stand fast in the faith, 
quit you like men, be strong. Let all your 
things be done with charity. — 1 Cor. 16:13, 
14. & & 

Every boy and girl is invited to join in 
and help build the Dahanu Hospital in In- 
dia. Leaders of children should write for 
plans for summer work for children. 

General Mission Board, 

Elgin, 111. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Conducted by Aunt Adalyn 


Dear Aunt Adalyn : I am twelve years old 
and in the seventh grade at school. I be- 
long to the Brethren church. I went to 
Sunday-school every Sunday last year. My 
teacher is Paul Miller. I like him. I have 
two brothers and no sisters. I live one 
mile from Bridgewater. Tell somebody 
please write to me. Garland Miller. 

Bridgewater, Va. 

Can you tell me why you like your Sun- 
day-school teacher? Have you reason to 
believe that he likes you too? 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : I am eight years old. 
I have four sisters and two brothers. My 
oldest brother and my youngest sister are 
dead, leaving me the baby of the family. 
We live in the churchhouse. My papa is 
the janitor of the church, so we always get 
to Sunday-school. I live about four miles 
south of New Paris, in the beautiful country. 
Please, Aunt Adalyn, tell some of the Juniors 
to write to me. 

Well, here's a puzzle! This letter came 
without any name signed to it, and I don't 
know whether it's from a boy or girl. I 
expect some Juniors would be glad to write, 
if they knew where to send their letters. 
All I know is it's in Indiana. Will that help 
to solve the puzzle? 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : I have six sisters and 
five brothers. My oldest sister is a mis- 
sionary in Africa. Her name is Mrs. Homer 
Burke. Her letters sure are interesting, but 
they come only once in two weeks. My 
next sister is in Chicago, and married. My 
oldest brother is married, and lives about 
seventy rods from our place. The school 
that I go to is about forty rods from home. 
I am in the seventh grade and I am eleven 
years old. I joined church a year ago last 
fall. I wish some Junior girl would write 
to me. With love to every one, 

Goshen, Ind. Rachel Schrock. 

Before long you'll know more about Af- 
rica than about some parts of the United 
States. This is a big world, and so full of 
people! What can we do to get acquainted, 
and become as one big family? 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : I thought maybe you 
would let me enter the circle. I like the let- 

ters very much. I am ten years old. I go 
to Trotwood school, and am in the fifth 
grade. My teacher is Florence Croy. I 
like her very much, and also my playmates. 
My grandma is a member of the Brethren 
church. I live on a farm. I have two 
brothers in high school. When I am not at 
school I help my mother. I hope to see my 
letter in print. Catherine E. Flory. 

Brookville, Ohio, R. 4. 

I can just imagine how much your mother 
appreciates your help. Did she show you 
yet how to make "half-moon pies"? 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : I am nine years old. 
My birthday is Nov. 3. I have a brother 
eleven years old, and a little sister four 
months old. Her name is Helen Maxine. 
She is the joy of our home. We have three 
miles to church and Sunday-school. My 
daddy teaches a class of boys. There are 
twelve girls in my class. Our teacher is 
Sister Katie Leyse. I am in the fourth 
grade at school. My brother and I like to 
crack the "Nuts." We are sending the 
answers for this month. Are they right? 
Our daddy bought us a dog for Christmas. 
His name is Trix. He likes to ride in the 
machine with us. When daddy drives up 
he jumps in and sits on the seat as pretty 
as you please. I am going to write to some 
of the girls that are asking for letters. 

Kathryn Elizabeth Olwin. 

Monroe, Ind., R. 1. 

Yes, the shells broke open beautifully. 
Your dog will furnish you many pleasant 
hours — especially next summer, when the 
grass is green and soft! 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : I am nine years old. 
I am in the fourth grade. I often read the 
letters in the Visitor. I go to the Brethren 
church at Covington. I have three sisters, 
but no brothers. Iris is the baby. She is 
the cutest baby I ever saw. She is seven 
months old. I wish some Juniors my age 
would write to me. 

Dora Magdalene Helman. 

Bloomer, Ohio. 

And I expect Kathryn Olwin thinks her 
baby sister is the cutest ever. If you could 
get them together, do you suppose you 
would quarrel over them? 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : I am eleven years old ^ 
and in the sixth grade. I belong to the 


The Missionary Visitor 


Brethren church at Covington. I joined in 
November, 1923. I do not always get to 
Covington, so I go to the Lutheran church 
here at Bloomer. I am the oldest of three 
children. My Sunday-school teacher is Mrs. 
Waston. She is very nice. I have been to 
two love feasts. Rev. C. F. McKee is our 
pastor. My mother remembers Adaline 
Hohf Beery at Juniata in the years 1908-9. 
She was Nellie Rudy, of Covington, Ohio. 
She roomed with Geno Beery. If some 
Juniors will write to me, I will answer 
right away. Virginia Fern Helman. 

Bloomer, Ohio. 

And here comes Nellie's little girl, ready 
to shake hands ! Well, this is a pleasant 
surprise ! I expect you will be going to 
Juniata one of these days. Wouldn't it be 
wonderful if you should get the same room 
your mother had? 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : I would like very 
much to come in. Have you room? I am 
fourteen years old, and belong to the 
Brethren church. I am in the Rainbow 
class. Our song is " Standing on the Prom- 
ises of God. " We have class meetings once 
a month. We meet at the homes of the 
girls in the class. My sister Esther is in the 
Rainbow class t«o. I will gladly answer 
any letters. Clara Lee. 

1305 25th Ave. N., Minneapolis, Minn. 

"Rainbow" is a lovely name. Does that 
mean that you are ready to do all kinds of 
beautiful work? 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : This is my first time 
writing to you. I love to read the Junior 
letters. I belong to the Brethren church. 
My birthday is the 28th of August. I am 
eleven years old, and I go to school. My 
father is dead. I have a brother, three sis- 
ters, and a baby half-brother. I cracked 
the January " Nuts. " I would enjoy a let- 
ter from the Juniors. Tonie Boothe. 

Troutville, Va., R. 2. 

You are welcome to our company. By the 
way, just to make sure, are you a boy, 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : I am nine years old 
and in the fifth grade. My birthday is June 
18. I have one brother; my sister is in 
heaven. I belong to the Brethren church. 
I live on the eastern side of the Blue Ridge 
Mountains in Greene County, Virginia. I 
attend school and Sunday-school at the 
Brethren Industrial School at Geer. My 
teacher is my aunt, Nelie Wampler. 

March, Va. Ruby Mae Morris. 

If I lived on the side of the Blue Ridge 
Mountains I could find lots of lovely things 
to write about, I am sure. I think I could 
even dig up some poetry! 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : I am not a Junior, 
but a gray-haired father in Israel. My 
next birthday I will be seventy-nine years 
old. But I think the following circumstance 
will permit me to be heard. In the Mis- 
sionary Visitor No. 1, page 23, you will 
find a letter from Mary Current. (Please 
read it again.) She was my granddaughter. 
Her father and mother always lived with 
us. During her mother's illness she took 
the typhoid fever, and at the end of six 
weeks she was called away to the spirit 
world, the time being 9:15 A. M., Jan. 2. 
She simply fell asleep without complaint or 
murmur. She was a lovely child, and made 
friends wherever she went. For the bene- 
fit of the Junior Missionary readers I write 
this. Five of them have written her al- 
ready. Her mother will answer them. Wife 
and I have been members of the Church 
of the Brethren for about fifty-five years. 
I have been a minister over fifty years. 
Thanks to those who have written to Mary. 

Thornton, W. Va., Jan. 31. Z. Annon. 

How grieved we are to learn that dear 
little Mary had to go so soon! And how 
glad those Juniors will be to know that they 
wrote to her while she could still enjoy their 
letters ! Some of the most beautiful friend- 
ships have developed from correspondence. 
I have a very dear friend whom I never 
saw (and probably never will), with whom I 
have been corresponding since I was sixteen. 
Her letters are veritable treasures to me. 

A Bevy of Girls 

1. He began nailing the boards together. 

2. His ear lobes seem rather long. 

3. Lava from Mt. Hecla ran down the 

4. The disease is pellagra; certainly it is 

5. He struck the leather satchel endways. 

6. You're wrong, Ella ; Uranus is a planet. 

7. He always sells mama rye bread. 

8. Throw that away, Ed; it has a bad 

A Gang of Boys 


I am Will. 


L. Search. 


E. G. Gore. 






To sham. 


Us lame. 


Let raw. 

(Answers Next Month) 

Hidden Countries of Asia. — 1. China. 2. 

India. 3. Tibet. 4. Persia. 5. Siam. 6. 

Korea. 7. Burma. 8. Anam. 

Demolished Cities of Asia. — 1. Calcutta. 

2. Shanghai. 3. Manila. 4. Singapore. 5. 

Lucknow. 6. Teheran. 7. Benares. 8. 



The Missionary Visitor 



Conference Offering, 1924. As of January 31, 1925, 
the Conference (Budget) offering for the year end- 
ing February 28, 1925, stands as follows: 
Cash received, all funds since March 1, 

1924, $238,532.79 

(The 1924 Budget of $328,000 is 72.7% raised) 

Mission Board Treasury Statement. The follow- 
ing shows the condition of mission finances on 
January 31, 1925: 

Income since March 1, 1924, $246,869.33 

Income same period last year, 258,210.38 

Decrease, $ 11,341.05 

Outgo over income since March 1, 1924, .. 1,613.87 
Outgo over income same period last year, 43,746.89 

Decrease outgo over income, $42,133.02 

Mission deficit January 31, 1925, 18,432.68 

Mission deficit December 31, 1924, 25,334.99 

Decrease in deficit, $ 6,902.31 

Tract Distribution. During the month of Decem- 
ber, the Board sent out 2,088 doctrinal tracts. 

Correction No. 13. See August, 1924 " Visitor." 
Under Foreign Missions, Middle Indiana, $100 credit 
" in memory of Keith Wagoner " should be credited 
to Bachelor Run Cong., instead of Flora. 

December Receipts. The following contributions 
for the various funds were received during Decem- 

Arizona— $10.00 

Indv.: A Brother & Family, $ 10 00 

Arkansas— $5.00 

First Dist., Cong.: J. J. & N. A. Wassam 
(Austin), 2 00 

N. W. Dist., Indv.: Mrs. Mary Babb & 

Daughter, 3 00 

California— $280.11 

No. Dist., Cong.: Fresno, $15.57; Empire, 
$53.86; Oakland, $26; D. S. Musselman, (Oak- 
land), $6.15; C. Ernest Davis & Wife (Em- 
pire) $5; C. A. Mason (Chowchilla) $50; 
S. S.: Primary Dept., McFarland, $13.97; 
Empire, $23; Live Oak, $6.36; Rio Linda, 
$5.90; Elk Creek, $1.56, 207 37 

So. Dist., Cong.: Pomona, $24.20; E. San 
Diego, $16; Mrs. J. M. Miller (Calvary) 
$10; S. S. : "Quiet Corner" Class, Covina, 
$10; Covina, $7.54; Indv.: B. F. Enyeart & 

Wife, $5, 72 74 

Canada— $46.37 

Cong.: N. E. Weddle (Bow Valley) $.48; 
S. S.: Bruce Lake (Irricana) $12.39; Irricana, 

$33.50, 46 37 

China— $30.00 

Indv.: Elizabeth Baker, 30 00 

Colorado— $46.91 

E. Dist., Cong.: Rocky Ford, $22.86; S. 
S. : McClave, $14.05, 36 91 

W. Dist., Cong.: E. W. Perry (1st Grand 

Valley), 10 00 

Florida— $57.38 

Cong. : Sebring, 57 38 

Idaho— $95.34 

Cong.: No. 79065 (Emmett) $5; S. S. : Boise 
Valley, $1.55; S. S. and C. W. Conv., So. 

Idaho, $88.79, 95 34 

India— $5.00 

Indv.: Lillian Grisso, '. 5 00 

Illinois— $1,054.24 

No. Dist., Cong.: Rockford, $11.73; Mil- 
ledgeville, $64.68; Shannon, $28.95; Chicago, 
$500; Collin Puterbaugh & Wife (Lanark) 
$10; Abner Newcomer (Mt. Morris) $5; Elgin 
S. Moyer & Wife (Chicago) $2; A Sister 
(Naperville) $3; I. L. Hoke (Elgin) $1; A 
Friend (Elgin) $10; F. E. Strohm & Wife 
(Chicago) $10; S. S.: Hickory Grove, $24.09; 

Milledgeville, $10.50; Elgin, $66.39; Freeport, 
$15; Naperville, $48.16; Indv.: D. C. McGon- 
ig le > $28, 838 50 

So. Dist., Cong.: Panther Creek, $12- 
Oakley Cong. & S. S., $26.27; Okaw, $7.81; 
Virden, $12.54; Woodland, $30.05; Mrs. H 
H. Kindig, (Panther Creek) $35; Mrs. R. 
S. Forney (Hudson) $1; J. H. Blough 
(Champaign) $30; Lloyd Pruitt (Virden) $25; 
John J. Swartz (Blue Ridge) $10; Mrs. 
J. H. Neal (Girard) $1; S. S. : Woodland, 
$10.32; Canton (Coal Creek) $12.68; Durham, 

$ 2 -07 215 74 

Indiana— $1,795.81 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Cart Creek, $20.80; 
Ogans Creek, $5.50; Lower Deer Creek, $9; 
Walton, $69.56; Pipe Creek, $12; Mexico, $46; 
Loon Creek, $50; Pleasant Dale, $13.92; 
Spring Creek, $167.50; Flora, $157.02; 
Josephine Hanna (Logansport) %.77; Joe E 
Ulrey & Wife (Plunge Creek Chapel) $100; 
Frances Crill (Wabash) $2; S. S. : Junior 
Class, Pleasant View, $19.25; Courter (Mex- 
ico) $20; Pleasant View, $21.65; Markle, 
$26.16; Roann, $5.82; Manchester, $733.71, .. 

No. Dist., Cong.: Solomons Creek, $5.98; 
No. 78899 (Goshen) $10; Lawrence A. Dickey 
(1st So. Bend) $2; S. S. : Rock Run, $5.70; 
Aid Soc: Wawaka, $10; Indv.: Mrs. S. A. 
Morehead, $1 

So. Dist., Cong.: Anderson, $67.60; Ross- 
ville, $75; Mississinewa, $53.25; Grace (In- 
dianapolis) $7.70; Four Mile, $40; Ed. Nel- 
son (Indianapolis) $7.50; I. A. Teeter (Nettle 
Creek) $10; No. 78871 (Four Mile) $12; Mary 

E. Kaiser (Lick Creek) $5; Middletown, 

$1.42; Indv.: B. L. Layman, $1, 

Iowa— $244.63 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Cedar, $26.83; Coon 
River, $3.87; A Brother (Iowa River) $25; 
C. Z. Reitz (Maxwell) $50; S. S. : "Blue 
Bird " Class (Panther Creek) $36; Beaver, 
$6.55; Cedar, $2.38; Aid Soc: Panther Creek, 

No. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. N. B. Hersch 
(Waterloo City) $5; David & Sarah Brallier 
(Curlew) $10; C. W. S. : Intermediate Dept., 
Waterloo City (So. Waterloo) $13; S. S. : 
Home Dept., Greene, $3; Indv.: Ruth Finckh, 

So. Dist., Cong.: J. Kob (Franklin) $10; 

Memima Kob (Franklin) $2, 

Kansas— $257.07 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Appanoose, $58; 
Olathe, $6.35; Effie Steffey (Ozawkie) $1; 
Mrs. H. H. Kimmel (McLouth) $5; Mrs. 
J. Jolitz, $5; Ezra Barnhart (Overbrook) 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Quinter, $92.70; D. 
H. Gish & Wife (Belleville) $2; Indv.: B. 
Alles, $2, 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: New Hope, $40; S. S. : 
Verdigris, $7.99, 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Miami, $20; Pleasant 

View, $10.19; S. S. : Newton, $1.84, 

Louisiana — $1 .00 

Cong.: Fred Hallett (Roanoke), 

Maryland— $524.32 

E. Dist., Cong.: Pipe Creek, $12; Upper 
Middletown Valley (Middletown Valley) 
$64.80; Union Bridge (Pipe Creek) $4.17; C 

F. and M. M. Fifer (Bethany) $100; Mrs. 
Catharine Bonsack (Pipe Creek) $2; J. 
Kurtz Miller (Frederick City) $1.50; Wm. E. 
Roop & Wife (Meadow Branch) $25; H. L. 
Yingling & Wife (Westminster), Meadow 
Branch) $5; Wm. E. Gosnell (Sams Creek) 
$5; S. S.: Long Green Valley, $7.62; Piney 
Creek, $1.50; Pleasant Hill (Bush Creek) 

$1.83, 230 42 

Mid, Dist., Cong.: Lpngmeadow (Beaver 

1,480 66 

34 68 

280 47 

200 63 

32 00 
12 00 

77 35 

99 70 

47 99 

32 03 

1 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Creek) $5; Beaver Creek, $7.90; John & Susie 

Rowland (Broadfording) $10, 22 90 

W. Dist., Cong-.: Perry H. Broadwater & 
Wife (Maple Grove) $200; S. S.: Adult Bible 
Class, Accident S. S., (Bear Creek) $60; 
Indv.: Mrs. John Merrill, $10; C. H. Mer- 
rill, $1 271 00 

Michigan— $248.60 

Cong.: Detroit, $65; New Haven, $22; 
Durand (Elsie) $9.15; Sunfield, $8.50; R. S. 
Mohler (Thornapple) $2; Mrs. H. C. Lowder 
(Woodland) $2; Emma Vernies (New Haven) 
$2; Mrs. Esther Hostetler (Zion) $2; S. S. : 
Beaverton, $57.54; Sunfield, $8.64; Woodland 
Village, $10.50; Onekama, $57.27; Indv.: Mrs. 

Amanda Sielske, $2, 248 60 

Minnesota— $17.04 
Cong.: John Kaiser (Minneapolis) $12; S. 

S. : Bethel, $5.04, 17 04 

Missouri— $105.20 
Mid. Dist., Indv.: Mrs. Mary Reddick, 

$5; Mrs. Mary M. Cox, $3, 8 00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Wakenda, $85.20; So. 

St. Joseph, $6, 9120 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Peace Valley, 6 00 

Montana— $26.50 

E. Dist., Cong.: S. A. Shoemaker (Grand 
View) $.50; S. S. : Florendale (Paxton) $11, 11 50 

W. Dist., Indv.: A Friend 15 00 

Nebraska— $107.09 
Cong.: Beatrice, $95; Octavia, $1.65; S. 

S.: So. Beatrice, $10.44, 107 09 

New Jersey— $5.00 

Indv.: Carrie Gary, 5 00 

North Carolina— $183.18 

Cong.: Melvin Hill, $118.50; Mill Creek, 
$14.68; G. D. Ridings (Melvin Hill) $50, .... 183 18 
North Dakota— $32.68 

Cong.: Kenmare, $8; Carrington, $20; O. A. 
Myers (M. N.) (James River) $.50; S. S.: 

Egeland, $4.18 32 68 

Ohio— $1,005.97 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Springfield, $74.81; 
Woodworth, $22.74; E. Chippewa, $23.50; 
Kent, $8.90; Zion Hill, $23.10; No. Bend (Dan- 
ville) $42.25; Akron City, $28.88; Black 
River, $2; New Philadelphia, $29.57; Pleas- 
ant View, $81; Mrs. Lydia E. Mason (Wood- 
worth) $5; Lucille Lehman (Zion Hill) $3; 
Mrs. P. S. Ihrig (Wooster) $5; S. M. Friend 
(M. N.) (Black River) $.50; Mrs. Sarah 
Secrest (Beech Grove-E. Chippewa) $1; A 
Sister (Mohican) $5; Sarah Lawver (E. 
Nimishillen) $1; S. S. : Owl Creek, $7.60; 
" True Bibld Class," E. Chippewa, $2; 
Primary Dept., No. Bend (Danville) $5.11; 
Springfield, $17.80; Woodworth, $3.51; Canton 
City, $133.45; White Cottage (Goshen) $6.66; 
Goshen, $1.15; Aid Soc: Springfield, $10; 

Indv.: Hannah Rockey, $1 545 53 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Sand Ridge, $6.45; 
Brother & Sister Neuhouse (Fostoria) $2; 
Claude G. Vore & Family (Lima) $10; P. F. 
Dukes (Greenspring) $10; Barbara New- 
comer (Lick Creek) $5; S. S.: Sugar Creek, 
$2.20; " Young People's Class," Fostoria, 
$4; Indv.: No. 78777, $50; No. 79156, $5, .... 94 65 

So. Dist., Cong.: Brookville, $41.71; 
Union City, $26.13; W. Milton, $38.05; 
Circleville, $7.65; Upper Twin, $5; Pleas- 
ant Hill, $21.18; Pleasant Valley, $11.02; 
Marble Furnace, $3.76; E. Dayton, $12.50; 
Levi & Maria Stoner (Rush Creek) $50; 
M. P. & Lizzie Eidemiller (Middle District) 
$2; Lydia B. Smith (W. Dayton) $10; Mae 
Hollinger (W. Branch) $20; Mrs. Maud 
Kniesly (W. Dayton) $2; J. W. Pittenger 
(Pleasant Hill) $2.50; S, S. : Greenville, $8.17; 
Bethel, $84.94; Pitsburg, $9.18; Indv.: D. 
D. Blickenstaff & Wife, $5; Harris Har- 

man, $5 365 79 

Oklahoma— $33.70 

Cong.: Thomas, $5; S. S. : Guthrie, $6; 
Thomas, $22.70, 33 70 

Oregon— $4.25 

Cong. : Albany, 4 25 

Pennsylvania — $4,081.40 

E. Dist., Cong.: Heidelberg, $43.20; Mount- 
ville, $73.29; Akron, $44.35; Ephrata, $160; 
Palmyra, $34.71; Fredericksburg, $31; Cones- 
toga, $41.20; Hatfield, $64.75; E. Fairview, 
$12.91; Indian Creek, S195.50; Lititz, $50; Big 
Swatara, $117; Spring Creek, $40.21; W. 
Conestoga, $160; No. 79068 (Spring Creek) 
$15; J. G: Graybill (White Oak) $50; Eld. 
A. M. Kuhns (Big Swatara) $3; Beryl Fire- 
stone (Big Swatara) $50; M. P. Landis & 
Wife (Indian Creek) $10; S. S. : Spring 
Creek, $10.48; "Gleaners" Class, Akron, $5; 
Children's Division (Lancaster) $32; Lititz, 
$36.60; Richland, $58.47; Manheim (White 

Oak) $16.88, 1,335 55 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Lewistown, $84.97; 
Huntingdon, $500; Williamsburg, $52.66; Dry 
Valley, $13.95; First Altoona, $365; Juniata 
Park, $113.14; A Brother (Spring Run) $10; 
G. E. Glass & Wife (Juniata Park), $5; 
Frank and Agnes Myers (James Creek) 
$45; Mrs. John T. Dopp (Huntingdon) $2; 
Mary A. Kinsey (Dunnings Creek) $12; 
No. 79005 (Aughwick) $4; S. S. : Curry- 
ville (Woodbury) $16.98; Replogle (Wood- 
bury) $15.39; Young People's Division (1st 
Altoona) $35.50; Yellow Creek, $7.15; Sugar 

Run (Aughwick) $1.65, 1,268.33 

So. Dist., Cong.: Marsh Creek, $9.28; 
Codorus, $146.15; Lost Creek, $42.54; Pleas- 
ant Hill, $76.17; Brandts (Back Creek) $6; 
New Fairview, $56.40; Carlisle, $300; Han- 
over, $12.62; No. 78477 (Lower Cumberland) 
$5; Alice K. Trimmer (York) $10; C. H. 
Alspaugh & Wife (Carlisle) $10; Mrs. M. B. 
Dittmar (Carlisle) $2; E. Oliver Winters 
(Shippensburg) $25; Krissinger Sisters (Lost 
Creek) $5; Mary Bixler (W. York) $3; S. 
S.: Melrose (Upper Codorus) $15.14; "Will- 
ing Workers " Class, Huntsdale (Upper 
Cumberland) $6.30; New Fairview, $6.64; Car- 
lisle, $4.99; Mechanicsburg (Lower Cumber- 
land) $20.16; " Golden Gleaners " Class, Up- 
ton (Back Creek) $16.30; Indv.: Robert S. 
Krout, $5; Ellen S. Strauser, $1; Leah Wit- 
ter, $1; Harry C. Witter, $5, 790 69 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Brooklyn (Italian) 
$50; Coventry, $40; Edith G. Woodruff 
(Bethel-Amwell) $5; S. S. : Green Tree, 
$32.95; First Philadelphia, $25; Norristown, 

$8.46, 16141 

W. Dist., Cong.: Pittsburgh, $46.05; 
Penn Run, $6.50; Montgomery, $43.63; Sum- 
mit Mills, $40; Morningland (Shade Creek) 
$3; Plum Creek, $71.05; Quemahoning, $11.44; 
Rummel, $6.46; Meyersdale, $44; D. P. 
Hoover (M. N.) (Rummel) $1; Thomas 
Harden (Hyndman) $1; J. Clark Brilhart 
(Montgomery) $10.15; M. R. Hamilton & 
Wife (Mt. Union) $5; D. P. Hoover & Fam- 
ily (Rummel) $100; Mrs. Ellen Spencer 
(Scalp Level) $10; E. G. Hetrick (Red 
Bank) $8; A. Saylor (Rockwood) $5; S. S. : 
Red Bank, $8.27; Pittsburgh, $14.60; Geiger, 
$4.38; Morrellville, $33.39; Rummel, $37.50; 
Aid Soc: Springs Branch (Maple Glen) 

$15 525 42 

South Dakota— $3.00 

Indv.: Mildred Bardoll, 3 00 

Sweden— $63.60 

Sweden churches, 63 60 

Tennessee— $85.90 

Cong.: Knob Creek, $10; Beaver Creek, 
$11.50; Limestone, $11; E. J. Humbert & 
Wife (Cedar Grove) $50; Indv.: F. G. Davis, 

$2.40; Mrs. M. M. Fine, $1, 85 90 

Texas— $22.00 
Indv.: H. F. Osborn & Wife, $5; D. B. 

Stump, $7; O. S. Stump, $10 22 00 

Virginia— $551.76 

E. Dist., Cong.: Nokesville, $25.46; Mt. 
Carmel, $20; A. F. Bollinger & Wife (Mt. 
Carmel) $25; Maggie Miller (Mt. Carmel) 


The Missionary Visitor 


$5 75 46 

First Dist., Peters Creek, $178.01; Kenneth 
S. Kinzie (Troutville) $3; Mrs. A. M. 
Frantz (Greenbrier) $10; S. S. : Lynchburg, 
$31.86; Inclv.: Percy H. Peters & Family, $5, 227 87 

No. Dist., Cong.: Mill Creek, $114.72; Frank 
Stultz & Wife (Upper Lost River) $15; S. 
S.: Salem, $4.83; Dayton (Cooks Creek) 
$12, 146 55 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Mt. Vernon, $3.53; 
Branch (Sangerville) $15; No. 78473 (Mos- 
cow) $17.94; Bettie F. Lamb (Barren Ridge) 
$10; Sarah Miller (Mt. Bethel-Beaver 
Creek) $5; S. S.: Lebanon, $15; Sanger- 
ville, $5.19; Laurel Gap (Valley Bethel) $3; 
Mt. Vernon, $6.97; Indv.: P. E. Ginger, 
$3.05, 84 68 

So. Dist., Cong.: Topeco, $3; S. S. : Chris- 

tiansburg, $14.20, 17 20 

Washington— $131.00 

Cong.: Wenatchee Valley, $5; Olympia, 
$14.57; Yakima, $40.12; James Wagoner & 
Wife (Okanogan Valley) $10; S. S.: Mt. 
Hope, $7.76; Young People's Class, Ellis- 
forde (Okanogan Valley) $23.55; Wenatchee 

Park, $25; Indv.: No. 66, $5, 13100 

West Virginia— $195.39 

First Dist., Cong.: Eglon, $50; Beaver 
Run, $27.14; Mrs. Lloyd Waybright & Fam- 
(Sandy Creek) $5; W. W. Bane & Wife 
(Beaver Run) $75; J. D. Beery (Tearcoat) 
$25; Indv.: Fleta Fifer Bennett, $10, 192 14 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Mary Spurgeon (Pleas- 
ant Valley) $1; Indv.: John W. Smith, $.50; 
M. J. Reiser, $.25; Ira Spurgeon, $1; Har- 
rison Volentine, $.50, 3 25 

Wisconsin— $45.37 

Cong.: Rice Lake, $11.42; Howard Peden 
(Chippewa Valley) $5; Mrs. Marie Taylor 
(Rice Lake) $5; S. S.: Stanley, $20.25; White 
Rapids, $3.70, 45 37 

Total for the month, $11,40181 

Total previously reported, 67,210 84 

Total for the year, $ 78,612 65 


Illinois— $12.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: Batavia, $3.36; Rockford, 

$8.64, 1200 

Indiana— $100.15 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Delphi, $45.91; Plunge 

Creek, $20.97; Santa Fe, $17.27, 84 15 

So. Dist., Cong.: Fairview, 16 00 

Iowa— $11.67 

No. Dist., Cong.: Sheldon, $3.17; Kingsley, 

$8.50, 11 67 

Kansas— $16.00 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: "Mothers' Class," 

Navarre, 16 00 

Maryland— $96.65 

E. Dist., S. S.: Westminster (Meadow 
Branch) $59.24; Blue Ridge College (Pipe 
Creek) $32.41; Aid Soc. : Monocacy, $5, ... 96 65 

Michigan— $19.09 

S. S. : Long Lake, 19 09 

Missouri— $2.45 

S. S.: Carthage, 2 45 

Nebraska— $6.29 

S. S.: So. Beatrice, 6 29 

North Dakota— $4.00 

Cong. : Minot, 4 00 

Ohio— $219.75 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Baltic, $21.65; S. S. : 
Richland Center, $6.45; Maple Grove, $80.16; 
Aid Soc: Baltic, $10, 118 26 

N. W. Dist., S. S.: Toledo, $12.34; Sugar 
Creek, $1.70; No. Poplar Ridge (Poplar 
Ridge) $5.26; Wyandot, $13.10, 32 40 

So. Dist., Cong.: New Carlisle, $19.09; 

Y. P. Conf., $50, 6909 

Pennsylvania— $274.97 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Huntingdon, $32.81; S. 

S.: Holsinger (Woodbury) $3.55; Clover 

Creek, $4.72, 41 08 

So. Dist., Cong.: New Fairview, $34; S. 
S.: Pleasant Hill (Codorus) $4, 38 00 

S. E. Dist., S. S.: Green Tree, 50 50 

W. Dist., Cong.: Nanty Glo, $16.94; Mrs. 
Annie M. Garber (Ten Mile) $1; Grant 
E. Weaver (Manor) $1.35; S. S.: Waterford 

(Ligonier) $20; Roxbury, $106.10, 145 39 

Virginia— $237.25 

First Dist., Cong.: Cloverdale, $52.69; Aid 
Socs. of Dist., $25, 77 69 

No. Dist., Cong.: Unity, $96.60; Mrs. Flora 
V. Myers (Mill Creek) $10, 106 60 

Sec. Dist., S. S.: Bridgewater, $12.03; 
Barren Ridge, $7.67; Aid Soc: Sanger- 
ville, $33.26 52 96 

Wisconsin— $16.19 

S. S.: Rice Lake, $15.09; Chippewa Valley, 
$1.10, 16 19 

Total for the month, $ 1,016 46 

Total previously reported, 8,108 14 

Total for the year, $ 9,124.60 

California— $10.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Susan L. Stoner (Ingle- 
wood), 10 00 

Illinois— $2.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: N. M. Senger (Chicago), 2 00 

Indiana — $5.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Claud H. Leslie (Bliss- 

ville), 5 00 

Pennsylvania — $5.00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Geo. C. Griffith (1st 

Philadelphia), 5 00 

Virginia— $3.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Cora E. Beahm (Nokes- 
ville) 3 00 

Total for the month, 25 00 

Total previously reported, 10 00 

Total for the year, $ 35 00 

Colorado— $15.00 

W. Dist., Aid Soc: Fruita, 15 00 

Indiana — $65.00 

Mid. Dist. Aid Societies, 65 00 

Maryland— $40.00 

Mid. Dist., Aid Soc: Brownsville, 40 00 

Missouri— $15.00 

S. W. Mo. & N. W. Ark. Aid Societies, . . 15 00 

N. Car., S. Car., Ga. & Fla.— $35.00 

Aid Societies, 35 00 

Oregon— $18.00 

Aid Soc: Newberg, $10; Mable, $8, 18 00 

Pennsylvania— $93.00 

E. Dist., Aid Soc: Midway, $25; Palmyra, 
$30; Lake Ridge, $15; Elizabethtown, $23, .. 93 00 

Total for the month $ 281 00 

Total previously reported, 8,159 24 

Total for the year, $ 8,440 24 

Arkansas— $9.50 

First Dist., Indv.: J. J. Wassam, 5 00 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: A Young Husband & 

Wife (Springdale), 4 50 

California— $330.12 

No. Dist., Cong.: Lindsay, $155; Chico, $4; 
Laton, $7.76; McFarland, $34.22; Reedley, 
$75.96; Live Oak, $13.18; Geo. E. Wray 
(Chowchilla) $10 300 12 

So. Dist., Cong.: La Verne, $5; I. G. 

Cripe, $25 30 00 

Colorado— $17.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Wiley 17 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Idaho— $3.75 

Cong.: Boise Valley, 3 75 

Illinois— $423.79 

No. Dist., Cong.: Waddams Grove, $26; 
Franklin Grove, $89.16; Lanark, $91.85; Mil- 
ledgeville, $64.04; Chelsea (Waddams Grove) 
$13.26; Elgin, $51; Naperville, $11.52; Shan- 
non, $10; Mrs. Kate Strickler (Lanark) $1, 357 83 

So. Dist., Cong.: Cerro Gordo, $42.96; 
Romine, $8; Mrs. J. E. Bubb (Astoria) 
$5; Mrs. H. H. Kindig (Panther Creek) $10, 65 96 
Indiana— $563.13 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Pipe Creek, $26.05; Clear 
Creek, $26.70; W. Manchester, $32.50; S. S. : 
Manchester, $175; C. W. S. : Monticello, $5.37, 265 62 

No. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant Valley, $104.36; 
Nappanee, $11.35; Wakarusa, $22; J. T. Dick- 
ey (No. Winona Lake) $50, 187 71 

So. Dist., Cong.: Rossville, $15.07; Kokomo, 
$10; Four Mile, $57; Grace (Indianapolis) 
$12.73; Caroline & Ettie E. Holler (Nettle 
Creek) $10; Mrs. Mattie Mathews (Upper 

Fall Creek) $5 109 80 

Iowa— $171.66 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Panther Creek, 44 00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Kingsley, $27.96; Spring 
Creek, $25.10; Emma Rapp (Maple Val- 
ley) $1, 54 06 

So. Dist., Cong.: So. Keokuk, $24.40; 

Liberty ville, $41.37; Salem, $7.83, 73 60 

Kansas— $445.45 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Washington Creek, 
$4.60; Morrill, $228, 232 60 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Belleville, $10; D. 
H. Gish & Wife (Belleville) $5, 15 00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Galesburg (Chanute) 
$30; Osage, $8.91; Fredonia, $12.90; Hollow, 
$20; Parsons, $26.35; Fannie Stevens (Osage) 
$3; W. H. and Orlin Sell " In memory of 
our dear wife and mother " (Fredonia) $4; 
Ed. Burroughs (Independence) $8; S. S.: 
Parsons, $5.75; Aid Soc. : Osage, $10; Par- 
son, $10; C. W. S.: Parsons, $3.90 142 81 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Miami, $8.52; 
Lamed, $20.52; Bloom, $25; Mrs. E. F. Leh- 
man (Newton) $1, 55 04 

Louisiana— $39.82 

S. S. : Roanoke, 39 82 

Maryland— $398.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Fulton Ave. (Baltimore) 
$32.76; Union Bridge (Pipe Creek) $9.10; 
Long Green Valley, $22.22; Woodberry (Bal- 
timore) $80; Meadow Branch, $57.37; New 
Windsor (Pipe Creek) $14.85, 216 30 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant View, $8.78; 
Welsh Run, $41.67; Broadfording, $70.25; 
Longmeadow (Beaver Creek) $31, 151 70 

W. Dist., Cong.: Bear Creek, 30 00 

Michigan— $251.73 

Cong.: Homestead, $7; Thornapple, $18; 

Onekama, $30; Beaverton, $196.73, 25173 

Minnesota— $107.32 

Cong.: Root River, $65.25; Monticello, $5.51; 
Lewiston, $32.56; Winona, $2; Clifford Burk- 

holder (Root River) $2 107 32 

Missouri— $176.26 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Mineral Creek, $35.01; 
Warrensburg, $19.10; Indv. : Lizzie Fahne- 
stock, $2, 56 11 

No. Dist., Cong.: Smith Fork, $33.65; Rock- 
ingham, $62.19; Shelby Co., $10, 105 84 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Carthage, $8.31; S. 

S.: Cabool, $6, 14 31 

Nebraska— $18.47 

Cong.: C. J. Lichty (Beatrice) $5; Simon 
Holsinger & Wife (Bethel) $1; S. S. : So. 

Beatrice, $12.47, 18 47 

North Dakota— $25.34 

Cong.: Surrey, $13; Egeland, $12.34, 25 34 

Ohio— $494.18 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Richland, $54; Hart- 
ville, $48; Third St. Ashland, $17..62; No. 
Poplar Ridge (Poplar Ridge) $17.32; John- 
S. Furry & Wife (Woodworth) $5; Simeon 

Longanecker (Zion Hill) $10; S. S.: Olivet, 

$11.35, 163 29 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Fostoria, $12; Pleas- 
ant View, $72.07; Greenspring, $13.92; Logan, 
$17; Black Swamp, $6.13; Mrs. Thor New- 
house (Fostoria) $3, 124 12 

So. Dist., Cong.: Bear Creek, $50.50; Salem, 
$185; Painter Creek, $7.80; Union City, $7.55; 
New Carlisle, $67.77; Lower Stillwater, $9.50; 
Middletown, $5.65; Strait Creek, $3.05; Marble 
Furnace, $1.47; Julia A. Gilbert (Oakland) 
$1; S. S.: Harris Creek, $17.20; Cincinnati, 

$6.28; Aid Soc: Castine, $5 206 77 

Oklahoma— $10.30 

Cong.: Monitor, $9.50; Indv.: L. M. Dodd 

& Wife, $.80, 10 30 

Oregon— $22.17 

Cong.: Mabel, $15; Ashland, $7.17, 22 17 

Pennsylvania— $693.15 

E. Dist., Cong.: Heidelberg, $20; Lake 
Ridge, $9.60; Conestoga, $48.81; Mingo, $39.69; 
Springville, $25.78; White Oak, $104.67; Har- 
risburg, $100; Myerstown, $25; S. S. : "Be- 
ginners' Class," Lancaster $6, 379 55 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Williamsburg, $16.06; 
Dry Valley, $9.22; Upton (Back Creek) 
$14.13; New Enterprise, $12.14; Ardenheim, 
$5.55; Spring Run, $12.54 69 64 

So. Dist., Cong.: Upper Codorus, $10.90; 
Huntsdale (Upper Cumberland) $54.76, 65 66 

W. Dist., Cong.: Penn Run, $6.50; Scalp 
Level, $54.78; Pleasant Hill (Middle Creek) 
$9.70; Wilpen (Ligonier) $5; Rummel, $28.03; 
Purchase Line (Manor) $31.61; Ligonier, 
$13.78; S. S.: Ligonier, $6.50; Mt. Joy, $21.40; 
C. W. S.: Ligonier, $1, 178 30 

Tennessee— $2.00 

Indv.: Mrs. Tenna E. Leighton 2 00 

Texas— $27.00 

Cong.: Nocona, $13; Manvel, $14, 27 00 

Virginia— $307.97 

E. Dist., Cong.: Locust Grove, $1.75; 
Nokesville, $14; Ruth E. Utz (Cloverdale) 
$10, 25 75 

First Dist., Cong.: Antioch, $20.80; Ter- 
race View, $20; Cloverdale, $96.28, 137 08 

No. Dist., Cong.: Geo. J. Hoover & Wife 
(Woodstock) $10; Mrs. J. S. Sharpes & 
Daughter (Cooks Creek) $5, 15 00 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Barren Ridge, $5.36; 
Basic (Barren Ridge) $33.23; Branch House 
(Sangerville) $15.28; Moscow, $4.17; Viola 
R. Cupp (Sangerville) $5; S. S. : "Willing 
Workers " Class, Branch (Sangerville) $2.10, 65 14 

So. Dist., Cong.: St. Paul, $9; Fraternity, 
$24; Bethlehem, $27; Mrs. S. T. Sellers 

(Swan Creek) $5, 65 00 

Washington— $18.40 

Cong.: Omak, $9.40; Outlook, $9, 18 40 

West Virginia— $79.78 

First Dist., Cong.: Allegheny, $6.65; Red 
Creek, $2.72; Harman, $36.27; B. F. Wratch- 
ford (Eglon) $1; Mrs. Lloyd Waybright & 
Family (Sandy Creek) $3; S. S. : Pleasant 

View (Chestnut Grove) $30.14, 79 78 

Wisconsin— $14.35 

Cong.: Stanlev, $3.77; Maple Grove, $2; 
Rice Lake, $7.58; S. S., Maple Grove, $1, .. 14 35 

Total for the month, $ 4,650 64 

Total previously reported, 1,378 66 

Total for the year, $ 6,029 30 


Idaho— $1.80 

S. S.: Junior Class, Winchester, 180 

Iowa— $21.73 

No. Dist., S. S.: Junior Dept. (So. Water- 
loo), 2173 

Indiana— $28.82 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Sugar Creek, 3 82 

No. Dist., Cong.: Union Center Mixed 
Chorus, 25 00 


The Missionary Visitor 



Maryland— $19.18 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Brownsville, 19 18 

Michigan — $9.03 

S. S.: Primary Dept., Beaverton, 9 03 

Ohio— $27.11 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Primary Dept., Canton 
Center, $22.11; Junior Class, Black River, 

$5 27 11 

Pennsylvania — $23.30 

E. Dist., S. S.: Annville, 23 30 

Virginia— $15.00 

Sec. Dist., Cong-.: Mary E. Phillips (Bar- 
ren Ridge), $5; Chas. B. Gibbs (Valley), $10, 15 00 
Wisconsin— $50.00 

Cong, and Children, White Rapids, 50 00 

Total for the month, $ 195 97 

Total previously reported, 776 61 

Total for the year, $ 972 58 

Illinois— $23.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Shannon, $6; Orrville 
Hersch (Chicago) $2 8 00 

So. Dist., C. W. S.: Virden Young Peo- 
ple's, $10; Miss'y Circle: Virden Young 

Women's, $5, 15 00 

Indiana— $22.95 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Roann, 6 80 

No. Dist., Indv. : Lavina Fashbaugh, $6.15; 

Wm. L. Gorden, $10, 16 15 

Kansas— $391.35 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Washington Creek, 
$5; Lone Star, $86.35; Indv.: Jos. O. Sheets, 

$300, 391 35 

Ohio— $49.35 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Hartville, $44.05; S. 

S.: Middletown, $5.30, 49 35 

Pennsylvania — $46.60 

E. Dist., Cong.: Anna Ruth Grabill (E. 
Fairview), 10 00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: No. 78982 (Everett) $10; 
S. S.: Rockhill (Aughwick) $5.60, 15 60 

So. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Mary E. Bashore 
(Lost Creek), 3 00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Harmony ville, 8 00 

W. Dist., Cong.: Silvanus Thomas (Mark- 
leysburg), 10 00 

Virginia— $15.00 

Sec. Dist., Aid Soc. : Summit, 15 00 

Total for the month, $ 548 25 

Total previously reported, 3,308 68 

Total for the year, $ 3,856 93 

California— $35.20 

No. Dist., Cong.: McFarland, $29.20; D. 

V. B. S.: Laton, $6, 35 20 

Indiana— $7.19 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Bachelor Run, 7 19 

Iowa— $1.00 

Mid. Dist., Indv.: Rebecca C. Miller, .... 100 

Kansas — $25.56 

N. E. Dist., D. V. B. S.: Appanoose, .... 13 56 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: D. H. Gish & Wife 
(Belleville), 5 00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Fannie Stevens 
(Osage) 2 00 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Wm. and Ethel Root 

(Walnut Valley), 5 00 

Ohio— $13.08 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Frank Leather- 
man (Mt. Zion) $2; S. S.: First Year Junior 
Class, New Philadelphia, $1.08, 3 08 

So. Dist., S. S.: W. Branch 10 00 

Pennsylvania— $250.72 

E. Dist., Cong.: Spring Grove, 2162 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Royersford, $16; S. 
S. : Royersford, $156, 172 00 

W. Dist., Cong.: Daniel Maust & Wife 
(Geiger) $25; S. S. : Mt. Joy, $32.10, 57 10 

Virginia— $2.00 

First Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Martha A. Riner 

(Chestnut Grove), 2 00 

West Virginia— $5.00 

First Dist., Cong.: Mary E. Arnold 
(Eglon), 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 339 75 

Total previously reported, 3,004 65 

Total for the year, $ 3,344.40 

Pennsylvania — $75.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: Hanoverdale (Big Swatara) 75 00 

Total for the month, $ 75 00 

Total previously reported, 894 50 

Total for the year, $ 969 50 

Iowa— $7.85 

No. Dist., S. S.: Intermediate Girls' Class, 

So. Waterloo, 7 85 

Maryland — $2.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: Junior Girls' Class, West- 
minster (Meadow Branch), 2 00 

Missouri — $15.66 

S. E. Dist., S. S.: Broadwater, 15 66 

Ohio— $25.00 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Owl Creek, 25 00 

Pennsylvania — $105.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: Midway, $20; "Alpha" 
Class, Carlisle, $25; "Other Folks" Class, 
Hatfield, $8.75; Aid Soc: W. Green Tree, 
$26.25, 80 00 

S. E. Dist., S. S.: Green Tree 25 OG 

Sweden— $30.64 

Tingsryd Sewing Circle & Junior So- 
ciety, 30 64 

Virginia— $32.35 

No. Dist., S. S.: Cedar Grove (Flat Rock), 32 35 

Total for the month, $ 218 50 

Total previously reported, 1,399 43 

Total for the year, $ 1,617 93 

California— $6.25 

No. Dist., Modesto Y. P. and M. Y. P., 6 25 

Illinois— $100.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Katherine Boyer (Wad- 
dams Grove) $50; S. S. : Cherry Grove, $50, 100 00 
Indiana— $47.85 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Junior Girls' Class, 

Pipe Creek, 47 85 

Iowa— $47.94 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: "Welcome Band," Prairie 
City, 22 94 

No. Dist., S. S. : Junior Class, Ivester 

(Grundy Co.) 25 00 

Kansas— $60.00 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Junior Dept., Morrill, 

$25; Primary Dept., Morrill, $35, 60 00 

Maryland— $100.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: "The Philathea " Class, 
Washington City, $25; Edgewood (Pipe 
Creek) $25; " Garber " Bible Class, Wash- 
ington, $50 100 00 

Nebraska— $25.00 

S. S.: Beatrice, 25 00 

Ohio— $25.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: J. M. Pittenger (Pleas- 
ant Hill), 25 00 

Pennsylvania — $137.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: "Builder's Class," Mid- 
way : 12 00 

W. Dist., S. S.: "Hopeful Band Bible 
Class," Scalp Level, $25; " Loyal Men's 
Bible Class," Rummel, $100, 125 00 

Total for the month, $ 549 04 


The Missionary Visitor 


Total previously reported, 3,88174 

Total for the year $ 4,430 78 

California— $2.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: La Verne, 2 00 

Iowa— $1.00 

Mid. Dist., Indv.: Rebecca C. Miller, .... 100 

Kansas— $7.00 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: D. H. Gish & Wife 
(Belleville), 5 00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Fannie Stevens 

(Osage), 2 00 

Maryland— $2.50 

W. Dist., Indv.: Cora Shaffer, 2 50 

North Carolina— $2.11 

D. V. B. S.: Pleasant Grove, 2 11 

Ohio — $2.00 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Frank Leather- 
man (Mt. Zion), 2 00 

Pennsylvania— $129.00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Royersford, $12; S. S. : 
Royersford, $117, $ 129 00 

Total for the month $ 

Total previously reported, 

381 05 
1,873 71 

Total for the month $ 

Total previously reported, 

145 61 
1,799 58 

Total for the year, $ 1,945 19 

Colorado— $10.58 

E. Dist., Cong.: Rocky Ford, 10 58 

Ohio— $24.00 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Zion Hill, 24 00 

Pennsylvania — $2.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Lizzie C. Young Baumann 
(Indian Creek), 2 00 

Total for the month, $ 36 58 

Total previously reported, 19165 

Total for the year, $ 228 23 

California— $10.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: "Sunshine Class," Butte 

Valley, 10 00 

Colorado— $10.58 

E. Dist., Cong.: Rocky Ford, 10 58 

Indiana — $1.60 

So. Dist., Cong.: Katherine Gochenour 

(Rossville), 1 60 

Pennsylvania— $2.00 

E. Dist.. Cong.: Lizzie C. Young Baumann 
(Indian Creek), 2 00 

Total for the month, 

Total previously reported, 

24 18 
124 94 

Total for the year, $ 


Arizona — $5.68 

S. S.: "Standard Bearer's" and "Work- 
ers for Jesus" Classes, 

Illinois— $100.00 

No. Dist., S. S. : "Class in the Corner," 

So. Dist., S. S.: Woodland, 

Indiana— $80.83 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Junior Boys' Class, Pipe 


Maryland— $125.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: A. L. B. Martin & Wife 
(Fulton Ave., Baltimore), $50; S. S. : "Garber 
Bible Class," Washington, $25; Aid Soc. : 

Meadow Branch, $50, 

Pennsylvania— $32.04 

Mid. Dist., S. S. : Fairview, 

Virginia— $37.50 

E. Dist., S. S. 

Mothers' Class, Oakton 

149 12 

5 68 

25 00 
75 00 

80 83 

125 00 
32 04 

37 50 

Total for the year $ 2,254 76 

Pennsylvania — $3.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Lizzie C. Young Bau- 
mann (Indian Creek) 3 00 

Total for the month, $ 3 00 

Total previously reported, 202 55 

Total for the year, $ 205 55 

Pennsylvania — $3.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Lizzie C. Young Bau- 
mann (Indian Creek), 3 00 

Total for the month, $ 3 00 

Total previously reported, 37 00 

Total for the year, 

California— $47.00 

No. Dist. Cong.: A. A. Hartman (Water- 

So. Dist., Cong.: La Verne, $15; Mabel 
A. Funk (Covina) $12; Indv.: Pauline E. 

Moomaw, $10, 

Illinois— $5.00 

No. Dist., C. W. S.: Milledgeville, Jr., .... 
Indiana — $162.80 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Sugar Creek, 

No. Dist., Cong.: Union Center Mixed 
Chorus, $25; S. S.: Mrs. Wm. Nickler's 
Class, (Middlebury) $9; C. W. S. : Rock Run, 

So. Dist., Cong.: D. T. Bailiff (Nobles- 
ville) $5; Carl Gochenour (Rossville) $1.60, 
Iowa— $91.18 

Mid. Dist., Indv.: Rebecca C. Miller, .. 

No. Dist., S. S. : Ivester Juniors (Grundy 
Co.) $73.58; Intermediate Boys' Class, So. 
Waterloo, $5.45; D. V. B. S.: Root River, 


Kansas— $2.00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Fannie Stevens 


Mary land— $30 .00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Fulton Ave., Baltimore, 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: K. Mae Rowland 


Minnesota— $2.11 

Cong.: Morrill, 

Nebraska— $10.40 

S. S.: Primary Dept., Lincoln, 

Ohio— $17.08 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: "Individual," Read- 

N. W. Dist., S. S.: Defiance, 

Pennsylvania— $187.10 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Royersford, $12; S. 
S.: Royersford, $117 

W. Dist., Cong.: Uniontown (Georges 

Creek), $26; S. S. : Mt. Joy, $32.10, 

Sweden— $13.32 

Y. P. Association, Sweden church, 

Virginia— $18.94 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Orlando, Jasper & 
Esther Miller (Moscow), 

So. Dist., S. S.: Primary Class, Topeco, .. 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

40 00 

10 00 

37 00 

5 00 

9 65 

146 55 

6 60 

3 00 

88 18 

2 00 

25 00 

5 00 

2 11 

10 40 

5 00 
12 08 

129 00 

58 10 

13 32 

13 19 
5 75 

586 93 
1,800 77 

Total for the year $ 2,387 70 

Maryland— $40.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: "Early Bible Class," 
Woodberry (Baltimore) $25; "Willing Work- 


The Missionary Visitor 


ers " Class, Woodberry (Baltimore) $15, .. 40 00 

Total for the month, $ 40 00 

Total previously reported, 220 00 

Total for the year, $ 260 00 


Kansas— $5.00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: J. W. & A. L. Eiken- 
berry (Independence), 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 5 00 

Total previously reported, 6 00 

Total for the year, $ 1100 

Arkansas— $2.75 

First Dist., Indv.: J. & J. & N. A. Was- 
sam, 2 00 

N. W. Dist., Indv.: Mrs. W. P. Fiant, .. 75 

California— $135.17 

So. Dist., Pasadena, $76.17; La Verne, $59, 135 17 
Colorado— $98.27 

E. Dist., Cong.: Rocky Ford, $69.23; Colo- 
rado Springs, $15, 84 23 

W. Dist., S. S.: Grand Junction, $3; 

Fruita, $11.04, 14 04 

Illinois— $83.81 

No. Dist., Cong.: Chicago 35 50 

So. Dist., Cong.: Coal Creek, $6.79; Oak- 
ley, $10.30; Virden, $14.72; Dora Boyd (Camp 
Creek) $1.50; Mrs. H. H. Kindig (Panther 

Creek) $15, ' 48 31 

Indiana— $204.77 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Wabash, $13.22; S. S.: 
"Women's Class," Manchester, $60, 73 22 

No. Dist., Cong.: Yellow Creek, $16.73; 
Union Center Mixed Chorus, $10; C. C. Haw- 
baker, (First So. Bend) $5; Orpha Mishler, 
(Middlebury) $4.50; Mel Haines & Wife 
(Middlebury) $60; S. S. : Topeka, $6.45; Cleve- 
land Union (Elkhart City) $7.31, 109 99 

So. Dist., Cong.: Mt. Pleasant, $3.56; 

Four Mile, $18, 21 56 

Iowa— $174.78 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Garrison, $19.50; S. 
S.: Panther Creek, $26.08, 45 58 

No. Dist., Cong.: Spring Creek, $6.55; 
Waterloo City (So. Waterloo) $60.75; So. 
Waterloo, $53.14, 120 44 

So. Dist., Cong.: So. Keokuk, 8 76 

Kansas— $583.05 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Topeka, $4; Richland 
Center, $12; H. H. Kimmel & Wife (Mc- 
Louth) $1; Chas. Glaser (Ozawkie) $500; 
S. S.: Olathe, $12.33, 529 33 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Independence, 3 25 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Miami, $9.70; McPher- 

son, $40.77, 50 47 

Maryland— $197.40 

E. Dist., Cong.: Upper Middletown Val- 
ley (Middletown Valley) $25.52; Meadow 
Branch, $42; Pleasant Hill (Bush Creek) 
$31.62; Thurmont, $8; Denton, $21, 128 14 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Broadfording, $59.26; 

John Rowland (Manor) $10, 69 26 

Michigan— $24.10 

Cong.: Long Lake, $6; Grand Rapids, 
$12.10; Onekama, $4; Mrs. Esther Hostetler 
(Zion) $1; Indv.: Mrs. Amanda Sielske, $1, 24 10 

Minnesota— $1.00 

Cong.: Mrs. J. W. and Mrs. D. Broad- 
water (Root River), 100 

Missouri— $48.66 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Warrensburg, $18; Asro 
Breshears & Wife (Spring Branch) $1, . . . . 19 00 

No. Dist., Cong.: So. St. Joseph, $5; Geo. 
W. Hoover & Wife (Smith Fork) $10; S. 
S.: Honey Creek, $6.66; Aid Soc. : Smith 
Fork, $5, 26 66 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Carthage, 3 00 

Nebraska— $31.52 

Cong.: Octavia, $14.25; Alvo, $10; Mary A. 

Hargleroad (Silver Lake) $5; S. S.: Octavia, 

$2.27, 3152 

Ohio— $76.77 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: H. and F. (Chippewa) 
$2; "Individual" (Reading) $5; S. S. : Hart- 
ville, $16.38, 23 38 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Vada Burrows 
(Toledo) $5; S. S. : Toledo, $5; Black Swamp, 
$6, 16 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Charles Knoepfle & Wife 
(Cincinnati) $10; Mary E. Krider (W. Mil- 
ton) $3.75; S. S.: W. Alexandria (Eversole) 
$18.64; " The Buds of Hope Girls' Miss'y 

Club," Cincinnati, $5, 37 39 

Oklahoma— $11.98 

Cong.: Thomas, $5.25; S. S.: Oklahoma 
City, $6.23; Indv.: L. M. Dodd & Wife, $.50, 11 98 
Oregon— $27.44 

Cong.: Newberg, $5; E. E. Tucker & Fam- 
ily (Weston) $5; S. S.: Newberg, $6; Ash- 
land, $11.44, 27 44 

Pennsylvania— $683.44 

E. Dist., Cong.: Mountville, $40; Eliza- 
bethtown, $100; A Sister (Chiques) $30; 
S. S.: Young Women's Bible Class, Spring 
Creek,^ $5; Springville, $61; Chiques, $23.10; 
" Willing Workers " Class, Mechanic Grove, 
$7; Fairview (Peach Blossom) $10.33; Mid- 
way, $26, 302 43 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: A Brother (Spring Run) 
$10; No. 78854 (Burnham) $5; S. S.: Hol- 
singer Cong. & S. S. (Woodbury) $16.49, . . 31 49 

So. Dist., Cong.: Waynesboro, $140.11; 
Mechanicsburg (Lost Creek) $44.53; S. S.: 
Mechanicsburg (Lost Creek) $20; Prices 
(Antietam) $5.15; Black Rock (Upper Codor- 
us) $21.77; Mt. Fairview (Mt. Olivet) $11.76; 
Indv. : Mrs. Martha F. Hollinger, $1, .... 244 32 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Royersford, $30; S. 
S. : Royersford, $20, 50 00 

W. Dist., Cong.: Locust Grove, $5; Pitts- 
burgh, $28.95; Nell Forney Clar (Pittsburgh) 
$5; S. S.: Maple Grove (Johnstown) $15.25, 55 20 

Texas— $6.00 

Cong.: Iva Carpenter (Manvel), 6 00 

Virginia— $141.46 

E. Dist., Cong.: Belmont, $11.70; S. S. : 
Valley, $7.46, 19 16 

First Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Sallie E. Pursley 
(Mt. Joy) $5; S. S.: Bonsack (Cloverdale) 
$70, 75 00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Cooks Creek, 33 15 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: White Hill, $8; Mos- 
cow, $6.15, .- 14 15 

Washington— $2.35 

Cong.: First Spokane, 2 35 

West Virginia— $3.50 

First Dist., Cong.: Red Creek, 3 50 

Total for the month, $ 2,538 22 

Total previously reported, 4,127 23 

Total for the year, $ 6,665 45 

Florida— $6.00 

Cong.: J. V. Felthouse & Wife (Zion), .. 6 00 

Ohio— $2.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: M. P. and Lizzie Eide- 

miller (Middle District), 2 00 

Pennsylvania— $17.42 

E. Dist., Cong.: No. 79068 (Spring Creek) 5 00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Hanover, 12 42 

Total for the month, $ 25 42 

Total previously reported, 77 25 

Total for the year $ 102 67 

California— $5.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: No. 78851 (Laton), 5 00 

Indiana— $23.44 
No. Dist., Cong.: Baugo, 23 44 


The Missionary Visitor 


Michigan— $1.00 

Indv.: Unknown donor of Brutus, 1 00 

Ohio— $12.50 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. S. S. Driver 
(Lima) 10 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Geo. Hoke (W. 

Milton), 2 50 

Oklahoma— $2.00 

Cong.: Cordell, 2 00 

Pennsylvania— $33.75 

E. Dist., Cong.: Indian Creek, $23.25; Eva 
Witmer (Lancaster) $7.50, 30 75 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: J. R. Stayer & Family 
(Woodbury), 3 00 

Virginia— $7.00 

Sec. Dist., Aid Soc: Beaver Creek, 2 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: New Hope, 5 00 

Total for the month $ 84 69 

Total previously reported, 7154 

.$ 156.23 

Total for the year, , 

Illinois— $10.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. H. H. Kindig 

(Panther Creek), 10 00 

Indiana — $6.75 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Sugar Creek, 6 75 

Minnesota— $10.00 

Aid Soc: Nemadji, 10 00 

Nebraska— $5.00 

Aid Soc: Falls City, 5 00 

Ohio— $5.00 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: G. L. Snider (Baker), 5 00 

Oregon— $10.00 

Aid Soc: Mabel, 10 00 

Pennsylvania— $10.00 

W. Dist., Aid Soc: Maple Grove (Johns- 
town), 10 00 

Washington— $10.00 

Cong.: Melissa Longhenry (Yakima), .. 10 00 

Total for the month, $ 66 75 

Total previously reported, 4,962 36 

Total for the year $ 5,029 11 

Ohio— $8.10 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Maple Grove, 8 10 

Total for the month, 

Total previously reported, 

8 10 

Total for the year, $ 


California— $7.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: La Verne, $2; A Sister 

(Pasadena) $5, 7 00 

Illinois— $28.06 

No. Dist., Cong.: Wm. Beery & Wife 
(Elgin) $2; S. S.: Milledgeville, $1.06, 3 06 

So. Dist., S. S.: Woodland, 25 00 

Indiana— $60.00 

Mid. Dist,, Cong.: Mrs. Laura Driver 
(Manchester) 25 00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Union Center Mixed 
Chorus (Union Center) $15; S. S.: " Berean " 

Bible Class," Elkhart City, $20, 35 00 

Iowa— $6.75 

No. Dist., Cong.: Sheldon, 6 75 

Kansas— $3.30 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Washington, 3 30 

Maryland— $35.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Brownsville, 35 00 

Missouri — $5.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: M. S. Mohler (Mineral 

Creek), 5 00 

Nebraska— $5.00 

Cong. : Mary A. Hargleroad (Silver Lake) 5 00 

Ohio— $100.31 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Black River, $85.31; 

E. Nimishillen, $15, 100 31 

Oklahoma— $2.50 

Cong.: Eld. G. P. Burrow (Bethel), 2 50 

Pennsylvania— $16.00 

W. Dist., Cong.: H. H. Wolford (Ligon- 
ier) $5; Merven Hollopeter (Rockton) $5; 

S. S.: Rockton, $6, 16 00 

Washington— $10.00 

Cong.: S. Bock (No. Spokane), 10 00 

Total for the month, $ 278 92 

Total previously reported, 94 00 

Total for the year, $ 372 92 

Washington— $14.00 

Cong.: Seattle, 

14 00 

Total for the month, $ 14 00 

Total previously reported, 4,454 88 

Total for the year, $ 4,468 88 

California — $5.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: La Verne, 5 00 

Illinois— $10.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Milledgeville, 10 00 

Indiana— $210.95 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant View, $17.45; 
Spring Creek, $120, 137 45 

No. Dist., S. S.: New Paris, 60 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: White, 13 50 

Kansas— $8.70 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Oakland (Topeka), .... 8 70 

Minnesota — $60.69 

Cong.: First Minneapolis, 60 69 

Missouri — $9.25 

No. Dist., Cong. & S. S. : Shelby Co., .. 9 25 

Ohio— $151.31 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Olivet, 15 00 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Marion, $19; S. S. : 
Fostoria, $4.31, 23 31 

So. Dist., Cong.: New Carlisle, 113 00 

Pennsylvania— $5.00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Edith G. Woodruff 

(Bethel- Am well) 5 00 

Virginia— $160.44 

E. Dist., Cong.: Oakton (Fairfax), 128 21 

No. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant View, $25.75; 
S. S.: Cedar Grove (Flat Rock), $6.48, .... 32 23 

Washington— $6.22 

S. S. : Tacoma, 6 22 

West Virginia— $12.25 

First Dist., Cong.: Red Creek, 12 25 

Total for the month, $ 639 81 

Total previously reported, 45,11147 

Total for the year, $45,75128 

California— $1.56 

No. Dist., S. S.: Elk Creek (Educational 
work), 156 

Illinois— $4.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Shannon (Bethany Bible 

School, $2; Gen. Welfare Board, $2), 4 00 

Iowa— $3.79 

So. Dist., Cong.: Libertyville (Amer. 

Bible Soc), 3 79 

Ohio— $1.00 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: H. and F. (Chippewa) 

(Amer. Bible Soc), 100 

Pennsylvania — $17.55 

E. Dist., Cong.: Mingo (Amer. Bible Soc), 17 55 

Virginia— $10.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: Valley Pike (Woodstock) 
(Sunday School work), 10 00 

Total for the month, $ 37 90 


The Missionary Visitor 


Total previously reported, 187 48 

Total for the year $ 225 38 

California— $300.53 

So. Dist., La Verne Cong, for L. A. 
Blickenstaff & Wife; E. D. Vaniman & 

Wife and J. I. Kaylor, 300 53 

Illinois— $61.96 

No. Dist., Naperville S. S. for Kathryn 

B. Garner, .. 18 00 

So. Dist., Oakley S. S. for Ida Bucking- 
ham 4396 

Indiana— $335.00 

Mid. Dist., Manchester College S. S. (Man- 
chester) for Laura Shock, 100 00 

So. Dist., Buck Creek Cong, for Nettie B. 
Summer, 235 00 

Iowa— $3)0.00 

Mid. Dist., Panther Creek S. S. for Olivia 
D. Ikenberry, 125 00 

So. Dist., No. English S. S. for Nettie 

Senger, 75 00 

Kansas— $4.65 

S. E. Dist., Parsons S. S. for Emma H. 

Eby, 4 6S 

Missouri— $30.30 

Mid. Dist., Warrensburg Cong., $11; 
Prairie View Cong., $19.30 for Jennie Mohler, 30 30 
Nebraska— $33.05 

Bethel Cong, for R. C. Flory, 33 05 

Ohio— $955.00 

N. E. S. S.'s for Goldie Swartz, $115; Owl 
Creek Cong, for Lola Helser, $9, 124 00 

N. W. Dist., Lick Creek Cong, for Eliza- 
beth Kintner, $110; Pleasant View S. S. 
for Ellen H. Wagoner, $500, 610 00 

So. Dist., Salem Cong, for Mrs. J. H. 
Bright, $161; Painter Creek Cong, for 

Verona Smith, $60, 221 °° 

Pennsylvania— $1,331.12 

E. Dist. S. S.'s for Kathryn Ziegler, $480; 
Salunga S. S. (E. Petersburg) for Baxter 
Mow, $120, ■••••'• 600 °° 

Mid. Dist., Albright Cong. & S. S. for 
Olivia D. Ikenberry, $20; New Enterprise 
S. S. for Sarah Replogle, $500, 520 00 

S. E. Dist., Coventry S. S., $86.12; Coventry 
C W. S., $100, for Esther Kreps, 186 12 

W. Dist., Mt. Pleasant Cong, for Marie 

W. Brubaker, 25 °° 

Virginia— $747.15 

First Dist. & So. Dist., S. S.'s for Rebecca 

C. Wampler, $275; Daleville S. S. for Elsie 
Shickel, $31 ;• •■••■••■ 30600 

Sec. Dist., Barren Ridge Cong, for Nora 
Flory, $12; Elk Run Cong., for Sara Z. 
Myers, $10.90, 22 90 

No. Dist., S. S.'s for Dr. F. J. Wampler, 
$240; Congs. for I. S. Long & Wife, $175; 
Wakeman's Grove S. S. (Pleasant View) for 

I. S. Long, $3.25, 418 25 

Washington— $10.47 

Wenatchee Valley S. S. for Ada Dunning, 10 47 

West Virginia— $348.93 

First Dist., Eglon Cong, for Anna B. Mow, 348 93 

Total for the month, . $ 4,358 16 

Total previously reported, j/,yzo zy 

Total for the year, $37,284 45 

«<$* t£* 


(Continued From Page 73) 

myself. I have a sort of vague memory 
that I THOUGHT some things that might 
not have sounded so well. But then, he has 
been in India longer than I. 

But to get to the end of this. I arrived 
in Anklesvar about seven in the evening, 
to find the whole compound in a state of 
anxiety, to say the least. You see, those 
letters had not arrived until late in the 
evening, just a short time before my ar- 
rival. So our people had worried through 
the night, and the next day, with no word 
from us, and had decided that in case we 
did not put in an appearance by the next 
morning, to send out searching parties for 
us. Happily it was not necessary. And 
the car is running again. 


(Continued from Page 77) 

At Dahanu Bro. Alley and his helpers were out 
in the work during part of December. 

In November the Butterbaugh family moved out 
in the Palghar territory. They are free from 
station work this winter, and so are spending the 
entire winter in district work. Two years age 
people were afraid of the missionaries and very 
superstitious. Now that feeling is broken down 
and work is progressing much beyond our anticipa- 
tions. As the work in this field is new, the 
most we can do is to make friends and live the 
Christ life among these needy people. They are 
responsive to teaching, yet we feel they are learn- 
ing more by what they see than what they hear. 


Dec. 12. — Brother and Sister Garner and son, 
Brother and Sister Brooks, Sister Beulah Woods 
and Nurse Mohler arrived in Bombay. Dr. Laura 
Cottrell, Brother and Sister Forney, Brother and 
Sister Butterbaugh, Sister B. Mary Royer and 
Nurse Wolf were on the docks to greet them when 
they arrived. They are all welcome to India. 

The Garners are at Ahwa. The Brookses and 
Miss Woods are at Vyara, busily engaged in 
language study. ^ 

All the Moomaw family have passed through 
much sickness during the past few months. We 
trust the Lord will heal them in his own time 
and restore them to their work at Vyara. Their 
constant cheerfulness and faith in the Lord through 
their sick days are a lesson to us all. This is 
also true in Sister Swartz's case. Truly, the Lord 
has a work for her, that he has spared her life 
through months of sickness and suffering. She 
is still at the Bulsar medical bungalow under our 
doctor's care. *{ & 

Error was made on page 48 of the Febru- 
ary Visitor. Orlando, Jasper and Esther 
Miller earned $23.19 for missions instead of 











Itiourtod In Whole or la Part by Funds Administered by ths General Mission Board 
With the Ysar Ther Entered Service 



Spanhusvagen M, Mabmd, 
Graybill, J. F., Ifll 
•raybill, Alice M., 1911 
Buckingham-, Ids, 1913 

Pfeg Ting Hsien, Shansi, 

Baker, Elizabeth, 1922 
Bright, J. Homer, 1911 
Bright, Minnie F., 1911 
Coffman, Dr. Carl, 1921 
Coffman, Feme H., 1921 
Dunning, Ada, 1922 
Horning, Emma, 1908 
Ikenberry, E. L., 1922 
Ikenberry, Olivia Dickens, 

Metzger, Minerva, 1910 
Oberholtzer, I. E., 1916 
Oberholtzer, Eliz. W., 1916 
Sollenberger, O. C, 1919 
Sollenberger, Hazel C, 1919 
Vaniman, Ernest D., 1913 
Vaniman, Susie C, 1913 
Wampler, Dr. Fred J., 1913 
Wampler, Rebecca C, 1913 

North China Union Language 
School, Peking, China 

Brubaker, Leland S., 1924 
Brubaker, Marie Woody, 

Kreps, Esther E., 1924 
Neher, Minneva J., 1924 

Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Bowman, Samuel B., 1916 
Bowman, Pearl S., 191S 
Flory, Raymond, 1914 
Flory, Lizzie N., 1914 
Cripe, Winnie E., 1911 
Horning, Dr. D. L., 1919 
Horning, Martha D., 1919 
Hutchison, Anna, 1913 
Senger, Nettie M., 1916 
Shock, Laura J.,- 1916 

Shou Yang, Shansi, China 

Cline, Mary E., 1920 
Heisey, Walter J., 1917 
Heisey, Sue R., 1917 
Smith, W. Harlan, 1920 
Smith, Frances Sheller, 1920 

Tai Yuan, care of Y. M. C. 
A., Shansi, China 

Myers, Minor M., 1919 
Myers, Sara Z., 1919 
Ullom, Lulu, 1919 

On Furlough 

Clapper, V. Grace, Hunt- 
ingdon, Pa., care College, 

Crumpacker, F. H., 1003 
10th Ave Nampa, Idaho, 

Crumpacker. Anna N., 1003 
10th Ave., Nampa, Idaho, 

Flory, Edna R., 509 Honors 
St., Chicago. 1917 

Flory, Byron M., Charlottes- 
Tille, Va., 1917 

Flory, Nora, Charlottesville, 
Va., 1917 

Miller, Valley, Port Re- 
public, Va., 1919 

Seese, Norman A.. 5800 
Maryland Ave., Chicago, 
111., 1917 

Seese, Anna, 5800 Mary- 
land Ave., Chicago, III., 

Schaeffer, Mary, 3435 Vaa 
Buren St., Chicago, 1917 

Pollock, Myrtle, McPher- 
son, Kans., 1917 


Garklda, Nigeria. West Af- 
rica, via Jos, Nafada 4 Biu 
Burke, Dr. Homer L., 1923 
Burke, Marguerite Shrock, 

Beahm, William M., 1924 
Beahm, Esther Eisenbise, 

Heckman, Clarence C, 1924 
Heckman, Lucile Gibson, 

Mallott, Floyd, 1924 
Mallott, Ruth Blocher, 1924 
Helser. A. D., 1922 
Helser, Lola Bechtel, 1923 
Kulp, H. Stover, 1922 


Ahwa, Dangs, India 

Ebey, Adam, 1900 
Ebey, Alice K., 1900 
Shull, Chalmer, 1919 
Shull, Mary S.. 1919 

Anklesvar, Broach Dist., India 
Long, I. S., 1903 
Long, Effie V., 1903 
Miller, Arthur S. B., 1919 
Miller, Jennie B., 1919 
Miller, Sadie J., 1903 
Shickel, Elsie, 1921 

Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Blickenstaff, Lynn A., 1920 
Blickenstaff, Mary B., 1920 
Blickenstaff, Verna M., 1919 
Cottrell, Dr. A. Raymond, 

Cottrell, Dr. Laura M., 1913 
Eby, E. H., 1904 
Eby, Emma H., 1904 
Kintner, Elizabeth, 1919 
Mohler, Jennie. 1916 
Wagoner, J. Elmer, 1919 
Wagoner, Ellen H., 1919 

Dahanu, Thana Dist., India 

Alley, Howard L., 1917 
Alley, Hattie Z., 1917 
Nickey, Dr. Barbara M., 

Royer, B. Mary, 1913 

Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Forney, D. L., 1897 
Forney, Anna M., 1897 
Miller, Eliza B.. 1900 

Vada, Thana Dist., India 
Brumbaugh, Anna B., 1919 
Kaylor, John I., 1911 
Kaylor, Ina M., 1921 
Swartz, Goldie E., 1916 

Palghar, Thana Dist., India 
Butterbaugfat, Andrew G., 

Butterbaugh, Bertha L., 

Garner, H. P., 1916 
Garner, Kathryn B., 1916 
Hollenberg, Fred M., 1919 
Hollenberg, Nora R., 1919 

Post Umalla, via Anklasvar, 

Lichty, D. J., 1902 
Lichty, Anna Eby, 1912 
Summer, Benjamin F., 1919 
Summer, Nettie B., 1919 
Widdowson, Olive, 1912 
Ziegler, Kathryn, 1908 
Vyara, via Surat Dist., India 
Blough, J. M., 1903 
Blough, Anna Z., 1903 
Brooks, Harlan J, 1924 
Brooks, Ruth F, 1924 , 
Moomaw, Ira W., 1923 
Moomaw, Mabel Winger, 

Mow, Anetta, 1917 
Mow, Baxter M., 1923 
Mow, Anna Beahm, 1923 
Wolf, L. Mae, 1922 
Woods, Beulah, 1924 
On Furlough 
Ebbert, Ella, 2205 Dixie 
Place, Nashville, Tenn., 
Grisso, Lillian, No. Man- 
chester, Ind., 1917 
Himmelsbaugh, Ida 200 6th 
Ave., Altoona, Pa., 1908 
Hoffert, A. T., 3435 Van 
Burea St., Chicago, 111., 
Replogle, Sarah, New Enter- 
prise, Pa., 1919 
Shumaker, Ida C, Myers- 
dale, Pa., 1910 

Church of the Brethren In- 
dustrial School, Geer, Va. 

Wampler, Nelie, 1922 
Bolinger, Amsey, 1922 
Bollinger, Florence, 1922 
Red Cloud, Nebraska, 

Eshelman, E. E., 1922 
Fort Worth, Texas, 

Horner, W. J., 1922 
Greene County, Pirkey, Va., 

Driver, C. M., 1922 
Broadwater, Essex, Mo., 

Fisher, E. R., 1922 
Piney Flats, Tenn., 

Ralph White, 1923 




Please Notice.— Postage on letters to our missionaries is 5e for each ounce or fraction 
thereof and 3c for each additional ounce or fraction. 


' ty3^$¥ $¥3£% %9@%$^^ 




Again the printers call for copy for the back cover ad. At 
the same time comes an inspiration as to what might be said. 

A widowed sister, as she has been doing each year for some 
time in the past, sends $3.65 by the hand of her pastor, who 
writes : 

" Aunt 

gives a penny a da}'. She has no 

income whatever, but her great delight is to each day 
put away the penny. This } r ear as usual she came with 
her amount to the pastor, asking that he send it to 
the place that in his judgment it was most needed. 
She said, ' I hope this may inspire someone to do more 
in the support of missions.' " 

Isn't it remarkable what can be done by systematic 
laying aside a fixed amount at regular times for certain 
purposes? This widow gave in one year for missions 
not far from twice what the average of our people gave. 

This admirable practice of our sister suggests what 
might be done by those who can never get together 
large amounts that they might care to invest in our 
Annuity Bonds. Remember any amount of $50 up is 
welcome. Why not try to get together $50 and start 
out on a plan— THE ANNUITY PLAN— of investing 
your savings in our bonds during your life. New bonds 
will gladly be issued as you get together $50 or more ; 
then, also, as you get older the rate of annuity we could 
pay you would increase for the additional sums you 
would invest. For further information ask for Booklet 

(!er\eral Mission. Board 







ChuvclKof the ^Brethren 

Vol. XXVI I 

, 1925 

No. 4 

McPherson College Mission Study Class Taught by Prof. Charles Morris 
" Give diligence to present thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be 
ashamed, handling aright the word of truth. " 2Tim. 2:15. 

3; JH^i^tiHlJkJHfriJI^^ 








OTHO WINGER, President, North Man- _„ . _ _ __ _ ^^^.^ n . c 

Chester, Ind. CHARLES D. BOISiSACK, General Secretary. 

J. J YODER, Vice-President, McPherson, H SPENSER MINNICH, Educational Secre- 

tvans - tary and Editor Missionary Visitor. 

A. P. PLOUGH, Waterloo, Iowa. 

H. H. NYE, Elizabethtown, Pa. M - R - ZIGLER, Home Mission Secretary. 
J. B. EMMERT, La Verne, Calif. CLYDE M. CULP, Treasurer. 
All correspondence for the Board should be addressed to Elgin, 111. 



The subscription price is included in EACH donation of two dollars or more to the 
General Mission Board, either direct or through any congregational collection, provided 
the two dollars or more are given by one individual and in no way combined with 
another's gift. Different members of the same family may each give two dollars or more, 
and extra subscriptions, thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they 
know will be interested in reading the Visitor. NO VISITOR SUBSCRIPTIONS ARE EN- 

Kindly notice, however, that these subscription terms do not include a subscription for 
every two dollar donation, but a subscription for each donation of two dollars or more, 
no matter how large the donation. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting the 
Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, the Visitor will 
be sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

To insure delivery of paper, prompt notice of change of address should be given. When 
asking change of address, give old address as well as new. Please order paper each year 
if possible under the same name as in the previous year. 

Address all communications regarding subscriptions and make remittances payable to 

Entered as second class matter at the postoffice of Elgin, Illinois. 

Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in section 1103, Act of 
October 3, 1917, authorized Aug. 20, 1918. 



Is Yours One of 576? 

Five hundred and seventy-six congregations have ordered Mis- 
sion Fact leaflets for distribution each month during 1925. If you 
receive them in your church, this message is not for you, It is directed 
to the other churches that have not asked for them. 

Twelve brief four page leaflets giving facts on such subjects as: 
India, China, the Bible, Missionary Problems, Home Missions and 
how the missionary dollar is spent, are furnished monthly. They are 
short and to the point. They are intended for every member . of the 
church. It is the duty of the missionary committee or the minister 
to supply these for the congregation. Sent free upon request. 


(!er\eral Mission. Board 



£l<3'ii\, Illinois 

Published Monthly by the Church of the Brethren Through Her General Mission Board 

Volume XXVII 

APRIL, 1925 

No. 4 




The Need of Training Doctors and Nurses, By 0. G. Brubaker, M. D., ..99 

Why I Like My Work, By Ella Ebbert, 100 

A Conversation Between Two Doctors, 101 

Are the Native People Responsive? By Ida Himmelsbaugh, 104 

Responses of the Native People, By Myrtle Pollock, 105 

Why I Love My Work, By Mary Schaeffer 106 

A Chinese Came to the Temple to Pray, By Norman A. Seese, 107 

Education of Missionaries' Children, By Esther Bright, 108 

China Notes for January, By Olivia Dickens Ikenberry, 109 

Africa Notes for November, By H. Stover Kulp, Ill 

The Washington Convention, By Lois Detwiler, 112 

Convention Impressions, By Chas. S. Morris, 113 


Missionary News, 113 

Book Reviews, 113 

Work for Brethren Boys and Girls, 114 


By the Evening Lamp, 117 

Nuts to Crack, 120 

Easter (Poem), By A. H. B., 120 



The editor is indebted to Clara Harper, Vice- 
President of the United Student Volunteers, for 
her work in assembling material for this issue. 

A Job for Student Volunteers. 

The spirit of Volunteers by the help of 
God faces every obstacle in their endeavor 
to win souls for the kingdom. Limited fi- 
nances in the hands of mission boards are 
not sufficient to send all the brave hearts 
into a so-called mission task. But here is 
a field woefully untouched. PERSONAL 
WORK! It is true that great sectors of 
human life in America are unchristian. 

It is true that these sectors are about 
us in every community. It is true 
that personal work, prayerfully and tact- 
fully done, yields wonderful results with 
souls. Personal work and the weather are 
favorite subjects for discussion, but very 
little is done about either. The former is 
within the power of man. Personal work 
is an unfound art with vast numbers of 
church members. We need somebody to 
demonstrate and teach us how to do it. 
We need our backbones stiffened so we 
can do as well as we know. 

When volunteers will engage as seriously 
in personal evangelism as students do in 


The Missionary Visitor 


selling books a new chapter in the annals 
• of Christianity can be written. One volun- 
teer started to sell Wear Ever aluminum. 
His first week was a total failure. He was 
away from home; was blue and sick from 
trying to save money by eating cold lunches. 
He wanted to go home, but was ashamed. 
He gritted his teeth and soon was making 
an overwhelming success. Let us suppose 
he had spent the same endeavor pressing 
personally the claims of Christ. There are 
masses of our society who will have to be 
touched this way, for they carefully avoid 
church influences. 

Our church waits for some experts in this 
line to teach the rest of us. There is more 
need of this type of worker just now than 
for professional evangelists. Here is a rec- 
ord of what actually did happen at one 
place, as told in the Missionary Review of 
the World: 

" In December a number of the city 
churches engaged in a quiet evangelistic 
campaign. The leader was invited to meet 
our group. A number of the fellows caught 
the visipn of souls saved, of lives changed 
and dedicated to Christ. Lists of all non- 
Christians and non-church members were 
secured. We tried to interest all who would 
cooperate. Sixteen men responded at first. 
We went out, two and two for the most 
part, and directly and earnestly sought de- 
cisions of acceptance of Christ as personal 
Savior, of course including church member- 
ship. We began our little campaign after 
a prayer meeting on Sunday night, at which 
time the evangelist spoke to us of the work. 
On Monday evening we met for prayer, to 
relate our experiences and to receive new 
cards. So we continued for five days. In 
some few cases books were cast aside and 
we went out with a great zeal and greater 
joy than we had ever felt. One man, re- 
luctant to begin, came to the end of the 
week with twenty-one decisions. Think of 
it ! Twenty-one decisions for Christ by one 
individual in a single week! And he gained 
a blessing in his own life that was tre- 
mendously significant. Eighty-five decisions 
were made for Christ during the week. 
About two-thirds of this number were gained 
by three men. Of the ten men who actual- 
ly did some work, eight were student Vol- 
unteers. The three mentioned above are 
» among the eight. Each decision brought a 
wealth of joy to the one who had witnessed 
for the Savior, a deeper understanding of 
the meaning of life and a stronger faith in 
Christ. The fondest hopes and longings of 
many months had come into reality through 
steadfast loyalty to him. 

" Best of all we had drawn closer to Je- 
sus, finding in him life, vision, peace and 
joy. But this is only a beginning. In a 
few years, if our friends remain loyal to 
the Christ, great things can be done for 
him. We have been laying foundations, 
however imperfectly, and are looking with 
joy to that day when Christ shall be more 
universally exalted in our Alma Mater. 

What We Mean by Home Missions. 

Our conception of home missions may be 
quite varied. It may include work among 
the Indians, the Negroes and the different 
foreign races in our land. As a matter of 
fact, we are doing very little work of this 
kind. We do have a good work among 
Italians in Brooklyn, N. Y. We have a 
thriving school for mountain folks in Vir- 
ginia. There is an effort in Texas for 
Mexicans. Then there are a few local and 
successful efforts for Chinese. Beyond this 
the successful work along so-called home 
mission lines is rare. 

Church extension seems to be the greatest 
need of a mission character confronting our 
church. The country churches, usually 
small in membership, are forced to meet 
many trying situations. Some have died 
and others show tendencies of passing in 
the same direction. 

Some of these churches need outside fi- 
nancial help ; but they need more. In the 
majority of our Districts are churches which 
have received such aid for half a decade or 
more, and today they are no stronger in 
spirit or numbers than before. Many of 
these churches are short on supervision. 
They must follow more tried and approved 
lines of operation if they are to succeed. 
In fact, many of them need not money so 
much as to have their membership set to 
work. They need to be inspired and 
shown how. 

In most Districts it will be better if we 
can set ten churches to work in their own 
field than to set ten churches to raising 
money to support the work at one local 
point. The new conception of home mis- 
sions means that local churches will 
care for all home mission work within their 
boundaries. In America today most home 
mission work is within the influence of some 
local church. Churches should be given 
proper encouragement and supervision. 


The Missionary Visitor 


In every local congregation there are 
groups of people who have not been touched 
by the church. These groups are really 
foreign mission fields. The most practical 
home mission work is for the local members, 
acting as missionaries, to do this work be- 
cause they love the kingdom. Of course, 
this does not mean we shall cease mis- 
sions in parts far distant, but that we shall 
be more earnest at home. Hundreds of our 
local churches have a chance to minister to 
Negroes, to migrant groups, or to some 
group of folks who have come to our land. 

Dare we neglect them and say we are 
interested in foreign missions? 

Then, too, we must influence our com- 
munities for Christ. Of course, this must 
be done by individual salvation, but we 
must influence communities as well as in- 
dividuals. It is the total life of America 
that we are seeking to change. It is the 
concern of the Church of the Brethren how 
our men of government conduct the affairs 
of the land. Let us pray for them and in- 
fluence public sentiment to demand right 
conduct in high places. 

The Need of Training Native Doctors and Nurses 


The ministry of healing, second biggest job for man. Men must be 
thoroughly prepared for this great job. If a mechanic makes a mistake 
and the machine goes bad, the machine can be replaced with a new one 
for a few dollars. If doctors are deficient in training and ma\e a mistake 
what is the consequence ? 

(The word " native " is used here with the very- 
highest respect for those living in other lands. It 
is used in the sense of indigenous, and with no 
thought of reflection toward any one.) 

IF missionary endeavor on the foreign 
field is to be a lasting and worth- 
while proposition, it implies that the 
work must be taken over, sustained and 
propagated sooner or later by those for 
whom the effort is made. We can not ex- 
pect to have worth-while churches in China 
or anywhere else as long as the mission- 
aries do most of the work. That is why 
the missionaries in China and India are 
turning the work and management of the 
schools, hospitals, and churches over to 
those whom they have gone out to serve. 
This will be done in Africa, also, just as soon 
as enough Africans are sufficiently grounded 
and tramed to take over the work. There 
is no way to build up a lasting work on 
foreign soil other than to apply literally the 
words of John the Baptist, " He must in- 
crease, I must decrease." 

This principle applies to all departments 
of church work, and is especially applicable 
in medical mission work. Only those who 
have been exceptionally well trained in their 
professions should go to the foreign fields 
as physicians. Medical mission work is one 

of the most sacred and responsible duties 
God has delegated to man. And the train- 
ing of those who are to take over their work 
is no small part of their many duties and 
responsibilities. The very phrase, "medical 
missionary," sounds as high as heaven, for 
did not the Master commission those sent 
out to heal the sick? 

Although every medical missionary longs 
to stay by the work until he sees it a grow- 
ing success for the cause which he repre- 
sents, not one of them will ever get more 
joy and real satisfaction out of anything, 
than he will when he sees those for whom 
he has been laboring capably taking over 
the job which he has been doing. That will 
be real joy, and his crowning victory will 
be, " I have fought a good fight." 

One of the most important reasons, then, 
for training native doctors and nurses, is 
that they are to succeed those who have 
been well trained. They are to take up 
the work that has been well and skillfully 
done. If they are deficient in their train- 
ing the people will soon find it out and 
the work will be crippled. 

The very nature of the work he is to 
do implies expert efficiency in the worker, 


The Missionary Visitor 


and this, of course, implies thorough train- 
ing. He who assumes the care of a sick 
man is shouldering a mighty responsibility, 
and his task often is laborious. 

The big problem in such a situation is to 
discover what is the matter with the patient 
and what is to be done for him. The 
mechanic faces the same problem, when you 
take your sick auto to him, but if he 
fumbles and your machine goes to pieces 
it can be replaced for a few hundred dol- 
lars. It is different when the doctors or 
nurses fumble, for they work with human 
beings, who are more than machines. The 
people across the seas are human beings 
and are as much entitled to have well- 
trained physicians and nurses as we are. 
And as Christian people living in America 
we owe it to our brothers over there to 
make it possible for the young men and 
women who are entering the medical and 
nursing professions to get the very best 
training possible. They will be influential 

in the future church over there, and the 
better they are trained in scientific medi- 
cine and nursing, the more influence they 
will exert in the community in which they 

In addition to being well trained in medi- 
cine and the healing art the physician must 
be a thoroughgoing Christian, well grounded 
in belief in Jesus his Lord and Savior. What 
a splendid contribution to the church it 
would be if all the doctors and nurses in 
America were sincere and active Christian 
men and women ! Let us see to it that 
we do our part in making it possible for 
the young men and women, who will be the 
future doctors and nurses in Africa, China 
and India, to be not only well trained in their 
professions, but also to be Christians in the 
fullest sense of the word. The world will 
be made better and his kingdom will be 
hastened by so doing. 

North Manchester, Indiana. 

Why I Like My Work 

Missionary to India 

/ like my work, not because I have the opportunity of teaching sinners 
the terrible wickedness of their idolatry and evil practices, but rather be- 
cause of the privilege of presenting to them Christ in all his beauty and 
love and godliness and purity. 

DO. you like your work?" "How do 
you like your work?" "You like 
your work, don't you?" Practically 
every person I meet, who knows where I 
a m working and 
what I am doing, 
asks one of the 
above questions. 
And most of them, 
it seems, expect an 
answer in the af- 
firmative. They take 
for granted that I 
like my work. The 
question that fol- 
lows as a matter of 
course is, "Why?" 
" You say you like 
your work ; now tell me why." The second 
question is not as easily answered as the 

first, but I am always glad for the oppor- 
tunity to tell why I like the work I am 

In the first place, I might say the reason 
I like my work is not because I have the 
feeling that I have given up all for Christ, 
that I have renounced everything for him 
and am a willing martyr for his great cause. 
In fact, it seems to me to be beginning at 
the wrong end when one feels he is re- 
nouncing things for Christ. Why, there is 
no renouncing; it is all gain, not loss. When 
I think of all he gives, I realize oh, how 
utterly unworthy I am of it all! He has 
given me the honor of being a coworker 
with him; he has asked me to share his 
ideals and his work, the work on which his 
great heart of love is set, the work which 
he wants so much shall be done and is really 
willing to teach me, even me, how to do it. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Can there be a greater privilege offered one? 

In the second place, it is not because I 
love to receive the approbation of the church 
here at home. Frankly, I think there is 
nothing I shrink from more than that very- 
thing. Just the privilege of doing the work 
is all the reward I ask. The pleasure I find 
in doing my work is great reward, indeed. 
In other words, I like my work because of 
the joy I find in doing it. 

Again, I love my work, not because it is 
so easy and because there are no disap- 
pointments, no defeats, no perplexities, 
nothing that gets on my nerves ; not because 
there is no tendency to fret and stew when 
things do not go as they should, but rather 
because of the inspiration that causes me 
not to give up to disappointment; because 
of the inspiration that prompts me to rise 
from defeat and go on; the inspiration that 
urges me toward the goal, and, like the 
Mt. Everest climbers, not give up till death 
overtakes me. 

Dear as is the ambition to be a leader in 
the Master's service and to win multitudes 
for Christ, yet it is not that that makes me 
really love my work so much as it is the 
great opportunity of giving, in the name 

of Christ, love and sympathy to those who 
are hungering for it ; the splendid oppor- 
tunity of just being a sister to those who 
need so much a sister's love and care. 

I like my work, not because I have the 
opportunity of teaching the heathen the 
terrible wickedness of their idolatry and evil 
practices, but rather because of the privilege 
of presenting to them Jesus Christ in all 
his beauty and love and godliness and 
purity; showing them by practice and ex- 
ample the better way; leading them into 
opportunities that will develop right habits 
and attitudes which will persuade them to 
accept the good and forsake the wrong. 

Many more reasons might be given, but 
these are quite enough to show that I am 
in love with my work and have my heart set 
upon it. 

" Have you no regrets that you have 
chosen missionary work as your life work?" 
some one asks. I can answer this ques- 
tion best in the words of another : " There 
are no regrets in connection with mission- 
ary work, except those that arise in con- 
nection with our own unworthiness and 
the inadequacy of our efforts." 

A Conversation Between Two Doctors 

(From April Student Volunteer Bulletin) 

WELL, if here isn't old Bill Bailey!" 
"'Old Bill' is right, but I'm 
afraid you've got me ; I know your 
face, too." 

"Just like the aristocrat you always were. 
You Hopkins men never did recognize us 
fellows from Jefferson." 


" But I thought you would remember your 
junior in Bellevue." 

"Dune McBride, or I'm — ! Shake, 
Mac. How are you getting along? Where 
are you practicing?" 

"I'm out in Minnesota, doing ear, nose 
and throat. Where are you?" 

" You lucky dog ! I stayed in the big 
city and took up children. Doing fair. Say, 
I'm glad to see you. Let's see ; it must be 
six years since we used to call on the 
nurses together, isn't it?" 

" You're right, Bill. Nine last month since 

you went out and nine in December since 
I finished. Great old days. Remember that 
pus appendix?" 

"Do I? It haunts me still. Say, where 
has the whole bunch gone? I've lost track 
of all except Smith, Burke, Gregory, and 
Fuzz. They are all in New York." 

" ' Stub ' is doing well in Omaha. Moore 
is in Duluth ; and say, you remember Bob 

"Remember? He's a fraternity brother, 
the honor man of my class at Hopkins, and 
the best all-round fellow that ever hit Belle- 
vue. Say, that man had brains, but I wish 
he had had a little common sense." 

"How is that?" 

"Why, didn't you know? He made an 
ass of himself; turned down offers from 
two of the best surgeons in the country 
and went to one of those fool missionary 


The Missionary Visitor 


society offices there in New York and asked 
to be sent to China, and — " 


"They sent him to China and no one 
has ever heard of him since. It's a crime 
against humanity, I call it. Why, I — " 

" Hold on, Bill, I've got later dope on Bob 
than you have." 

"What is it?" 

" Bob's in America, and will be at the con- 
vention tomorrow." 

"Why, I thought he went to China." 

11 He did, and stayed five years and is 
home now on furlough. He and his family 
have been visiting her folks out in Still- 
water, Minn., for a month." 

"The poor Rube! I'll bet he looks like 
an old fogey. The idea of a fellow of his 
ability wasting his life on those Chinks !" 

" Well, now, let's go over here and sit 
down. You know, I used to think as you 
do about Bob's crazy notions, and when I 
heard he was coming to Stillwater (that's 
where I'm practicing), I expected to see a 
goody-goody missionary type of fellow who 
would feel out of place with real men." 


" Pretty soon I heard a stamping on my 
stairway and before I knew it he was in 
my waiting-room. Say, man, but he's some 
whale !" 

"How long did you make him wait?" 

"Who? Bob? Not a minute. I simply 
heaved out the patients. Bob has been 
there most of the time since, and say, Bob 
used to be a good fellow, but he's a reg'lar 
fellow now. Twice the man he used to be 
in every respect. He is a HE man." 

"I thought he was a missionary?" 

" He is. But let me tell you, that whole 
idea about missionaries being sissies is 

"Think so?" 

" I know it. I've been with Bob for a 
month now and have met one of his preach- 
er friends from the same mission and they're 
a pair." 

"Is Bob doing anything in China?" 

" Well, I should smile ! He is running a 
100-bed hospital. Here is a copy of his 
last year's report. Look here : Total, 1,521 
cases ; 212 major operations ; 187 cataracts ; 
123 gunshot wounds; 84 cases of beriberi, 46 
cases of relapsing fever; 14 cases of sprue, 

leprosy, dengue, malaria, typhoid, skin 
diseases and so on down the line." 

"They must have a big staff. Who does 
their surgery?" 

" Bob." 

" I thought he would take up surgery. 
But I suppose on a pinch he could do some 
eye work. Who looks after all these 
medical cases?" 

" Bob." 

"Do you mean to say that he's the only 
man on that job?" 

"Yes, Bill; not only is he the only M. D. 
on the staff, but he is also the hospital 
superintendent, financial secretary, superin- 
tendent of nurses, and the hospital is only 
a part of his work." 

"Only a part of it? What else does 
he do?" 

" He has two out-patient clinics, each 
running about 5,000 patients per year. Of 
course, he has some Chinese workers to 
help him out, but he is the big gun." 

" He can't be doing very scientific work. 
He must have gone to seed awfully out 

"Oh, I don't know. He has contributed 
a lot of articles to the China Medical Jour- 
nal, many of which were copied in journals 
both in this country and in Europe. He 
showed me some of the reprints — two on 
eye conditions, two on skin, three on in- 
testinal parasites, and a couple on renal 
calculi. Most of the stuff was beyond me, 
and say, do you know why he is coming 
here to this medical meeting?" 

"No; why?" 

" He comes as the guest of the associa- 
tion and to read the main paper before 
the medical section. The paper is on — there, 
I don't remember what he said it was on. 
It was something entirely new, and Bob 
has got a lot of first-hand dope on it." 

"Oh, is Dr. Robert J. Reynolds, A. M., 
M. D., F. A. C. S., Bob? I didn't recognize 
him. But do you think he should go on 
this program? You know there are a lot 
of high-brows here." 

" Don't you worry about the high-brow 
stuff. Bob will be right at home among the 

" Maybe that is true, but he has no chance 
for post-graduate work." 

"No chance? Bob has a scholarship from 


The Missionary Visitor 


the China Medical Board for $1,500 and 
starts in next month for eighteen months 
with the Mayos." 

"The Mayos? Great Scott! Where did 
he get the pull? The China Medical Board? 
Who is he?" 

"The China Medical Board? Why, that 
is the China branch of the Rockefeller 
Foundation. They are spending several 
millions in China to help the medical mis- 
sionaries out. They are giving a lot of 
doctors these scholarships when they come 
home. They are also completing, so Bob 
says, one of the most complete medical 
schools in the world in Peking, and they 
plan to make it not only a medical school 
to train Chinese, but also a post-graduate 
school where the missionary doctors can go 
and brush up, free of all cost. He says they 
will even pay their traveling expense ac- 
count to and from Peking, and all their ex- 
penses while there." 

" That is going some. How many Amer- 
ican doctors are out there?" 

" Bob says about 200, and a corking good 
bunch they are, too." 

"They are welcome to it. Me for the 
good old U. S., where people know how 
to appreciate what you do for them." 

"Appreciate? O boy! You should see the 
things Bob has from grateful patients ; be- 
sides, he has a medal from the president of 
China, given him as a token of appreciation 
for the splendid work he did in a recent 
epidemic of cholera. He has been elected 
thereby to the fourth degree of the empire, 
which is some class." 

"Cholera epidemic? Oh, thought he was 
running a hospital?" 

"He is; but the American Red Cross 
asked him to take charge of the campaign 
against cholera in a neighboring city, so 
he went. He has also served on commis- 
sions to stamp out typhus and pneumonic 
plague on two different occasions." 

"China! One horrible place to raise a 
family! Has Bob any kids?" 

" Two boys and a girl — and say, they are 
great. Bright! That oldest boy of his, 
nine years, knows more about world events 
and world geography than a city editor, and 
he knows his 3 R's, too. His mother taught 
him. He enters sixth grade this fall; he 
is all boy, I'll tell the world." 

" Bob must be getting a big salary, or he 
wouldn't stay out there as long as he has." 

" Wrong again. His salary is small, but 
living expenses are low. Bob carries con- 
siderable insurance." 

"How big a town is his hospital in?" 

"Only about 250,000, but his plant is re- 
sponsible for the medical care of a popula- 
tion of 3,000,000 and he is the only M. D." 

" Too much for one man, 100-bed hos- 
pital and all. How many nurses does he 

" None. He is looking for two nurses now 
and two doctors to take back with him." 

"Take back? Is he going back?" 

" Say, Bill, you ought to hear him talk. 
He wouldn't trade jobs with any dozen of 
the best doctors in this country. Going 
back? He loves his work, and I would give, 
anything to be able to go back with him." 

" Would you ? Well, to tell you the truth, 
it's beginning to look a bit different. I be- 
lieve he has a full-sized man's job, and 
then some. I'm with you. Let's go and 
help Bob out. We three could tear things 
loose over there." 

" Nothing doing. Bill. I applied to his 
society and they turned me down cold." 

"Turned you down? Why?" 

" Too old. Won't take a man over thirty- 
two. Can't get the language." 

"Tough luck. Is the language necessary? 
Can Bob talk it?" 

" Better ask him when he comes tomor- 
row. Time for the reception. Going?" 

" Sure, and believe me, I am going to 
look up Bob." 


The easy roads are crowded, 

And the level roads are jammed; 
The pleasant little rivers 

With the drifting folks are crammed; 
But off yonder, where it's rocky, 

Where you get a better view, 
You will find the ranks are thinning 

And the travelers are few. 

Where the going's smooth and pleasant 

You will always find the throng; 
For the many, more's the pity, 

Seem to like to drift along. 
But the steeps that call for courage, 

And the task that's hard to do, 
In the end result in glory 

For the never-wavering few. 

—Edgar A. Guest. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Are the Native People Responsive? 


INDIA yields to no country in the im- 
portance attached to the proper ob- 
servance of religion. For decades the 
people of India have placed above kings and 
high officials the man 
who renounces the 
world and the allure- 
ments thereof. The 
sadhu, holy man, 
sanyas, etc., all — even 
though they are far 
down the scale in 
morals — a r e consid- 
ered as men appointed 
by the gods and 
therefore to be looked 
up to as able to 
handle and teach the religions of their 

In India the simple life is the predominant 
life, and well suited to the country and 

The true holy man does not retire to 
the solitude of the mountain fastnesses, 
there to meditate, but he wanders about 
from village to village, his earthly posses- 
sions only the clothing on his back. He 
endures the heat of summer or the cool of 
winter alike, just so his religion is kept 
undefiled. He is anxious only that he shall 
gain merit from his god and thus secure 
for himself newana, or rest. As a rule he 
is well fed, for it is considered a worthy 
thing to help him. The ideal, perhaps, if 
not carried too far, is a great one, and if 
it were Christianized it might lead to a 
tremendous amount of good. In Sadhu 
Sundar Singh we have a most worthy ex- 
ample, for it seems that he counts absolutely 
no sacrifice too great, only so his Master 
may be glorified. Only men like him will 
ever abolish caste. The people are ready to 
follow the right kind of leadership. No- 
where will one find more responsive people. 
India has a fair start in education. Why 
not more and more bend our every energy 
to evangelization? 

I shall never forget some of the wonder- 
ful experiences I had in my own work in 
the jungles where, for fear of tigers, one 

often could not get big crowds. When we 
would come, though, they would pass the 
word around before night. They would 
gather a lot of long sticks and put the ends 
of them into the fire and then, when the 
pieces were well ablaze, would catch them 
up and, twirling them about, would come 
running to keep them burning. 

It was a beautiful sight — just like a lot 
of fiery birds approaching in a giant flock, 
and because of the many twinkling lights 
the tigers would not come near. Then, too, 
the people who were not Christians would 
come and solicit our prayers for here a sick 
one, there one in jail, yonder one who was 
insane, believing that our God had power 
over all this, and yet they were unable to 
grasp the deeper truth that he had power 
to save their souls from eternal death. 

Among our own little flock were boys 
who, because they got no results in the 
evangelistic campaign, began to look in in- 
stead of out for the reason. Gathering in 
a small room they would pray earnestly 
for their own cleansing, and then go forth 
with power, the results of which were many 
souls saved for Christ's kingdom. One said 
that when any member of his family took 
very ill, he prayed God to send the nurse 
Miss Sahib, and he added, " He has never 
failed me once." In another case a woman 
was very ill and we were called. We felt 
somehow that our going would be of no 
avail, but we cried to God and he heard our 
cry. While it seemed as though earthly 
help could not avail, we had felt before we 
reached the village that God was with us 
and, praise his holy name, his was the vic- 
tory and our dear sister is today alive and 
well. Oh, yes, the native people of India 
are responsive if we pray long enough for 
a point of contact, and the love of Christ 
must prevail. 


In Christ there is no East or West 

In him no South or North, 
But one great Fellowship of Love 

Throughout the whole wide earth. 

— John Oxenham. 



The Missionary Visitor 


Responses of the Native People 

Missionary to China 

RESPONSES of the native people of 
China to Christian influences are in- 
Old educational forms are supplanted by 
Western educational 
methods ; long finger 
nails are being cut off 
and calloused palms 
will replace them, for 
industrial and voca- 
tional instruction for 
both boys and girls is 
being made use of by 
many of the students. 
The schoolroom, with 
its general hubbub of 
voices, in rote mem- 
orizing the many lines of characters, is be- 
ing superseded by the ordered schoolroom, 
where not mere memory work, but work 
of reasoning, is required. The unsanitary 
conditions of body and clothes are being 
changed, with the absorbing knowledge that 
it is not a disgrace to be dirty and have 
vermin on one, but it is a disgrace to con- 
tinue in dirt and to harbor vermin. 

The old custom of keeping girls and 
women ignorant and so crippled in feet 
that they could be little else but slaves to 
men, is rapidly breaking, and schools for 
girls and schools and classes for women are 
many. Immeasurable are the results that 
are following and will follow through the 
teaching of proper home training, cleanli- 
ness and a knowledge of God's love. 

A greater and more active conscience 
against social evils, of immorality, of 
gambling, of using opium and liquors, and 
of concubinage is growing. 

A ready acceptance and hearty coopera- 
tion in the teaching of better health con- 
ditions and the prevention of disease is 
found in every province where such instruc- 
tion has been carried. 

Again, the wonderful support given to 
the Y. M. and Y. W. C. A. organizations, in 
numbers and finances, is an expression of 
the great good which it is realized is be- 

ing brought through the various activities 
of the organizations. 

Western medical science has been gladly 
accepted, even though it has always been 
a stimulus to superstitions, which had to be 
overcome. Cooperation with foreign doc- 
tors in times of plague, the financial as- 
sistance given to mission hospitals, the es- 
tablishing of medical schools, and Chinese 
hospitals using Western medical science, are 
all expressions of the native peoples to 
Western medicine. 

The establishing of a Home Missionary 
Society, which already has doctors, teach- 
ers and evangelists at work in distant Yun- 
nan, and work established to the north in 
Manchuria, the establishing of numerous in- 
dependent Chinese churches, with strong 
Chinese promoters as their leaders, and the 
leading part which the native Christians 
took in the National Christian Conference 
in 1922, are splendid indications of the pro- 
gressive spirit of the growing church in 
China. And many are the calls received, ask- 
ing that the missionary come or send some 
one to preach in this or that village, or 
help to open a chapel or start a school. 

Another and most noteworthy of the re- 
sponses to Christian influences is the grow- 
ing regard and concern' for one another. It 
has been and still is the general practice 
for each one to care for his own, whether 
it be his family, his land and buildings, or 
his animals, but there was no responsibility 
toward that which belonged to another or 
to the public. But social welfare is grow- 
ing. There are those who have opened 
hearts and doors to the homeless and help- 
less ; there is a growing interest in the 
betterment of the conditions of those em- 
ployed in mills and factories ; a healthy at- 
titude is held, and financial assistance given 
in the establishing of schools for the blind 
and the deaf and dumb, a home for cripples, 
and hospitals for the lepers. All these 
are evidences of the increasing concern for 
their fellow-men. 

Superstitions, too, are losing their grip 


The Missionary Visitor 


upon the minds of these people and they 
are able to exercise themselves with more 
freedom. When dissection of the human 
body was authorized in 1913 and a public 
dissection was made, it was stated that this 
was the first dissection in China for four 
thousand years, for any practice which 
would mutilate the body was deemed dis- 
respectful to ancestors. What an asset 
this is to medical science can scarcely be 
estimated, even though as yet it would be 
both difficult and unwise to practice it in 
some interior places. Again, what might 
have been the result when between three 
and four thousand coffins of- the dead of 

the pneumonic plague in 1911 were ac- 
cumulated and the ground frozen, making 
it impossible to dig graves, if these people 
had not weakened from their superstitions 
and permitted the burning of them? 

We rejoice in the wonderful way in which 
these native people are responding to Chris- 
tian influences and we thank the Father 
for it, but continue earnestly to pray for 
added strength and means by which these 
influences may be greatly increased, that 
the many, many souls which minutes are 
carrying away may also have had oppor- 
tunity to know of the love of the Christ. 

Why I Love My Work 

Missionary to China 

MANY times the question is asked, 
"Do you enjoy your work?" And 
often, when we answer in the af- 
firmative, the question is "Why?" 
Ever looming before us is the need of 
the field. The Chi- 
nese need general 
uplift, they need to 
be educated, they 
need more joy in 
their lives, such as 
only Christ can give, 
and above all they 
need salvation. This 
need gives us an im- 
petus to our work 
that we cannot turn 

Then, there is a challenge that comes 
to one who is facing hard problems to be 
solved, difficulties to be met, villages by 
the hundreds that have never had an op- 
portunity to hear about Christ. All this 
means greater effort. 

There is the realization that has called 
us to the work. God has opened the way 
before us. It is his will that his work go 

Then there is the joy that comes to a 
worker when lives and homes are trans- 
formed, such joy as. the Seventy had when 
they returned from their preaching tour 

and Jesus said, " Rejoice not that the spirits 
are subject unto you, but rejoice that your 
names are written in heaven." It is not be- 
cause of our part in the work, but because 
the kingdom of heaven is prospered when 
sOuls are brought in. 

But above all these, there is something 
that urges us on, compels us to continue 
in spite of many failures and discourage- 
ments. Is it because in the hearts of those 
women I have found a responsive chord? 
Is it the realization of the promise that 
Christ is with us all the way? that he has 
received them and us? that he has en- 
trusted the work of bringing in the world 
to his disciples and as such we want to 
be faithful to that trust? It is all of this 
and more. The love of God and the love 
of Christ compels us, not as a driving rod; 
but as a magnet draws iron to itself, so 
Christ draws us on regardless of the many 
things that would otherwise discourage us. 

Missionary Picture Sets 

Series I, The Call of the World. Price, 75c 

This is a group of eight pictures in dif- 
ferent colors, showing the missionary in- 
terests of the world, size 11x14 inches. 

Series II, India in Pictures and Story. 
Price, $.60 

A set of six pictures from India, col- 
ored similar to set No. I. All of the pictures 
in both series have the story printed on 
the back and are most helpful for mission- 
ary instruction to children. 

^jerveral Mission Board 

&4fu CHURCH tfftu 1EZTHRXH 



The Missionary Visitor 

A Chinese Came to the Temple to Pray 


Missionary to China 

A GREAT many people think of the 
work of the missionaries in terms of 
great experiences ; at least an ex- 
pression to that effect often is heard. For 

the first year or 
so on the field 
one's experiences 
a t times seem 
novel and strange 
and consequently 
stand out in 
memory. One is 
more analytical 
of the customs, 
traditions, and 
beliefs of the 
people for the 
first year or two 
than afterwards, 
unless he later consciously attempts to make 
analyses. That is why the new people on 
the field furnish more written material for 
our church papers than the older mission- 
aries. I found that my own writings for 
the papers bore an inverse ratio to the 
square of the number of years I was on 
the field. This does not mean that the 
older missionaries are disqualified to make 
analytical studies, nor that they do not have 
just as vital experiences (or even more so) 
as the younger people, but familiarity 
militates against analysis and makes experi- 
ences seem more commonplace. 

The temples in China are very sacred 
to the natives, and it is fitting that they 
should be. These places of worship are 
built in a courtyard. As a rule, not far from 
the main entrance to the court is a rectangu- 
lar-shaped building. In the end of this 
building there are usually some idols. 
Doors are arranged so one can pass directly 
through the building. A short distance from 
it, in the rear, is still another structure 
shaped like the other two, except it is fre- 
quently not so high. This one is studded 
with idols. They are to us hideous-look- 
ing things, but they have served a purpose 
in the past. As a usual thing there are 

some old trees in the temple courtyard that 
have become sacred to the Chinese. I re- 
member in one large temple near Peking 
there was a tree that branched near the 
ground and grew up with five trunks in- 
stead of one. The legend was that with 
each succeeding dynasty a new shoot put 
forth. The dynasties generally were about 
three hundred years long, so the tree would 
have had considerable age had the legend 
been true. 

The experience which I shall record here 
took place about thirty miles from Liao 
Chou, at one of our outstations. It was 
a beautiful day in early summer of 1921. 
I was out at Yu She Hsien in famine work. 
We had our grain stored in one of the 
rooms of a large temple. I had gone out 
early in the morning to this temple to 
look things over in preparation for a dis- 
tribution of millet. I was at the rear of 
the court, near the building, in which there 
were many idols. Presently I saw a Chinese 
peasant entering the court and coming back 
to where I was. He was carrying a sack 
over his shoulder. I supposed he was com- 
ing to get his allowance of grain, or to try 
to have his name put on the list. He came 
up to the rear building and took no notice 
of me. He opened the large doors and 
stepped inside. In front of the big idol 
in the center he knelt and bowed his fore- 
head to the ground three times, then arose 
and put his hands together and bowed his 
head three times. He then knelt again and 
bowed his head three times to the ground, 
and then arose and again bowed his head 
three times. And a third time he went through 
the whole performance. While he was thus 
worshiping I stepped over close to the tem- 
ple door and as he came out I asked him 
what he was doing. He said he was giv- 
ing the idol a few kotows. 

I asked him whether he had gotten any 
joy out of the worship and he informed 
me that he had. 

My first impulse was to laugh, but I 
caught myself and soon came to realize the 


The Missionary Visitor 


significance of the occasion. Here was a 
place of worship. Worshiper of what? you 
ask. An idol, of course, but it was the 
only worship that he knew. He was mere- 
ly a Chinese peasant, but Peter was only 
a fisherman until Jesus got hold of him. 
Jesus can make over a Chinese peasant, 
too, if he once gets hold of him. Upon 
further inquiry I found that he lived in 
a village several miles away. I saw a 
splendid opportunity to witness for my 
Master, and so I said to him, " Do you 
know anything about Jesus?" "I do not," 
was the instant reply. Again I said, " Is 
there any one in your village who wor- 
ships Jesus?" Again the reply was, "No, 
nobody in my village knows Jesus." So 
as we sat down on the steps going into the 
temple I told him as best I could the story 
of Christ. When I was through with the 
story of what Jesus could do for a man 
he turned and said, " If we knew as much 
about Jesus as you people do we would 
worship him, too." Then he arose and 
went out of the temple courtyard down into 

the crowded and busy streets of the city. 

I sat perfectly still for a few moments 
and meditated on the challenge. " If we 
knew as much about Jesus as you do I 
guess we would all worship him." I thought 
of his village. I knew what it was like. 
I had been in hundreds just like it. No 
one knows Jesus in so many of these vil- 
lages in China. I thought of the hundreds 
and hundreds of villages in China where no 
one knows Jesus. 

Who is responsible to make him known to 
these people who do not know of his 
love and goodness? Why, that is my job 
and yours. The challenge comes to all of 
us who know him to help those who do 
not know him. Are we all helping in the 
work? How are }^ou helping, my brother? 
Are you giving of your means, so the growth 
of the kingdom in far-away China may not 
be retarded? 

When I arose and went away from that 
temple I was glad that I could tell the 
story, and I felt it was a rich experience 
that comes often in the life of a missionary. 

Education of Missionaries' Children 

Daughter of J. Homer Bright in China 

Have you ever thought about the education of missionaries' children? Their 
opportunities for education are not as many as our own children have, yet 
they often come out as well or better than some of our children in the home- 
land. Are they sorry that they are the sons and daughters of a missionary? 
They are proud of the fact. 

THE problem of educating children of 
the foreign missionary is always a 
vital one to the missionary parent. 
As a missionary's child, I have personally 
experienced some of the difficulties and 
makeshifts attendant on securing, in a 
heathen country, an education as nearly as 
possible equal to that which is given in Amer- 
ica. Although I am acquainted with the 
problem only as it exists in China, and 
only in a small section of that, the pro- 
visions made in other fields are very similar, 
from what I have heard. 

The missionary's child is always more or 
less isolated from other children of his age 
and race. This may not be true in large 
ports and provincial capitals, but in the 

smaller inland cities, where only a few 
missionary families are stationed at one 
place, he is likely to be the only one of his 
age. When he is old enough to go to 
school he is alone in his grade if he stays 
at home. Just what to do about his train- 
ing when he arrives at this age is indeed 
a real problem. Usually, of course, the 
mother prefers to keep him at home at 
least for several years. Sometimes she sends, 
him to the mission school held for the 
natives. Here he has the advantage of as- 
sociates, and competition is an incentive to 
study. He learns also a great deal about the 
customs and thought of the land where he 
is growing up. that he would not get other- 
wise. However, most missionary parents 


The Missionary Visitor 


prefer that their children receive an Amer- 
ican education, and they cannot carry on 
both. Different ways of providing for this 
are used. Most of our missionaries try to 
teach their children in their own homes. 
Sometimes, if their duties are heavy, this 
has to be carried on between times in a 
somewhat irregular fashion. Books and 
courses are secured and lessons are done 
each day. The very personal nature of the 
instruction, coupled with the fairly large 
number of books and magazines found in 
most missionaries' libraries, brings about 
more progress than might be expected, even 
though the spelling lesson is sometimes con- 
ducted at the dinner table and the arith- 
'metic problems are done after supper with 
father's help. Sometimes one mother will 
set aside the greater part of the day for 
school work and teach all the children of 
the station at her home. Ofter this is im- 
possible, for health or other reasons. When 
I was in the upper grades there were about 
four or five children at our station of school 
age, and our board sent us a teacher to 
conduct a little school for us there. This 
is too expensive to be done to any great 
extent. Instead of small schools in each 
station, a number of boarding schools have 
been founded in different cities, which are 
large centers and easily accessible to a wide 
area. Here the system corresponds to the 
average grade and high-school systems in 
America. More teachers and better equip- 
ment can thus be obtained, and the child 
has the advantage of associates of his own 
race and tongue, and yet can be with his 
parents several months a year during vaca- 
tion. This, to most missionaries, certainly is 
preferable to the old way of sending the 
children back to America to complete their 
education when they reach high-school 
age, or even to send their children away 
to one of these boarding schools for all 
their grade work. But such a practice is 
being more and more discontinued as the 
parents realize the value of keeping their 
children with them as long as possible, even 
if they cannot give so completely of their 
time to mission work. 

I would like to mention in particular the 
school which is of greatest interest to our 
mission. It is the North China American 
School, situated at Tung Chou, near Peking. 

Here our children go for their secondary 
education, or a little before. It is con- 
ducted under the auspices of the Presby- 
terian and Congregational Missions and is 
open to all white, English-speaking children 
of good family, for work from the sixth 
grade through high school. Five years ago 
when I first entered there the enrollment 
was about thirty-five, with fifteen in high 
school. Last year there were fifty in the 
high school alone, and they had eleven full- 
time teachers. Some of these had been 
born and brought up in China and could 
really understand and direct the proper 
education of their pupils. They publish an 
annual, and have many activities and or- 
ganizations such as schools here have. 

The English, French, and other nationali- 
ties also have schools for their children, and 
convents conduct schools for white Catholic 
children. After completing work equivalent 
to the high school, most of these mission- 
aries' children return to their own country 
for higher education, but recently a few 
have taken work in some Chinese university 
or in some white junior college, as at Shang- 

Manchester College. 


Olivia Dickens Ikenberry 
Liao Chow 

Vacation time is here for all the students, and 
an atmosphere of quietness prevails in the school 
courts. However, just at this time one naturally 
inhales the atmosphere of good cheer, for it is 
Chinese New Year. Men, women and children 
put on their best and are seen on the streets, 
going to give their New Year's greeting to their 
relatives and friends, which a good many times 
is only a part of their idolatrous worship. How- 
ever, some one has remarked: "I love to stand 
on the street and see their" smiling faces, and I 
actually see people I never knew lived in Liao 
Chow." £ 

Plans are being made to carry forth the work 
of the Master as usual, at this time of the year, 
to give to the people the only real message of 
rejoicing. & 

Bro. Oberholtzer spent a couple of weeks the 
past month touring the outstations, becoming ac- 
quainted and getting in touch with the evangelistic 
work he is taking over. 

Bro. R. C. Flory accompanied his son Chester 
to Tungchow, after his short vacation with us 
at Christmas time, and on his return has been 
stopping in Peking for a couple of weeks, taking 


The Missionary Visitor 


advantage of the library there in lieu of the new 
work in agriculture he plans to take up in the 
Boys' School this spring. 

Sister Senger was in from the villages over 
the week end attending meetings, among which 
were the regular church council. It is good to 
see her in, but she has gone again and expects to 
stay this time until about the first of April. 
She reports having been twice to see one of our 
ex-hospital patients, each time helping to dress 
her wounds. The patient left the hospital before 
being cured, because her husband's people didn't 
think it was worth while wasting money on her. 
She is now at her mother's home, getting as good 
care as she could possibly get in a Chinese vil- 
lage home. Much improvement is reported. 

Show Yang 

The present lull in the routine noise of the com- 
pound indicates that the Chinese New Year season 
is upon us. All the people who generally loiter 
about the compound are occupied in buying pro- 
visions, making new clothing, and settling accounts 
against the coming of the new year. This gives 
us a brief though much-needed time for rest and 
recuperation. *j 

While the compound has comparative quietness, 
the streets of the city are thronged with busy 
people. No matter how rich or how poor, the 
family has some account to settle, and the stores 
swarm with people and hum with business. Fre- 
quently the sound of angry voices is heard above the 
general din. Some one has tried to play the game 
unfairly. He may not have the money to settle 
his account, or the storekeeper may have charged 
him extra against his year's account, and both 
parties begin to quarrel. Would that God might 
impress his justice and truth upon the heart and 
life of these people through those who have already 
accepted him. ^ 

Owing to the chaotic political conditions in China 
we have had some difficulty in getting enough 
silver to meet our needs (paper money is not ac- 
cepted in Show Yang). The outlook for the new 
year is better, several firms having already asked 
us for checks. We sincerely hope that the political 
situation will soon clear up and that business will 
be reestablished on a firm basis. 

All the women have gone from the court of 
the Women's School for the New Year season. 
This is the first time the court has been entirely 
empty. Five have been in attendance, but we 
hope that when the new term opens there will 
be several more. One of the women in the school, 
who has not yet been baptized, says that she 
is so happy since here and she knows it is be- 
cause God is with her. 

The Show Yang Boys' School closed Jan. 14 
for the mid-winter vacation. The teachers and 
the boys have gone home for a month's holiday. 
During this time they will celebrate two of the 
most important festival days of the Chinese year — 

New Year's Day and the Feast of Lanterns on 
the 15th day of their first month. We pray that 
they will remember the last few days' exhortation 
which we gave them, and thus be mighty wit- 
nesses for the true God and Jesus Christ. We 
know that they will have numerous temptations, 
which will no doubt overcome many of them. 
However, we are sure that this semester's seed 
has not been sowed in vain. School opens for 
the last semester Feb. 13. The enrollment of the 
school at the close of the last semester was 
fifty- six, and we are hoping for an increase in 
enrollment of twenty or thirty at the beginning 
of next semester. Due to poor crops last year 
the station decided to help the smaller boys 
more than our ordinary fee for next semester. If 
we can in this way influence one or two more for 
Christianity, the few dollars spent will not have 
been paid in vain. We hope that all of you who 
read these notes will continually pray for our 
school. All of our schools are passing through a 
critical period. Those in charge must have Christ- 
like patience and inspired vision to keep the 
schools true to their aim, and yet strong enough 
educationally to attract the Chinese. We want 
them to give the glory to our Christ, both now 
and in the future. .j8 

Ping Ting 
Dr. H. T. Han, who has been connected with the 
Brethren Hospital since the fall of 1920, left the 
26th of January for a four months' course of 
study. He will not return to our mission. Dr. 
Han is a very capable surgeon and physician and 
he will be missed very much about the hospital. 

The hospital board at one of its recent meetings 
decided to employ a student who has had to 
leave medical school because of sickness, to assist 
in the medical work in connection with the evan- 
gelistic tent. The student's name is Ch Yin, and 
he is a nephew of our local pastor, H. C. Yin. 

The last week of the month has been a busy 
one at Ping Ting. It is the week of evangelism, 
which is observed here in China every year. Our 
evangelistic workers have been busy here in the 
city and near-by districts. The field committee 
held its semiannual meeting here, and other com- 
mittees took advantage of the fact that the edu- 
cational workers were passing through Ping Ting 
on their way to their annual conference, held at 
Peking. We are always glad for these meetings 
at our station, for they bring the happy privilege 
of entertaining guests, with whom we are never 
burdened here in interior China. At the same 
time we had Peking guests who came to hunt wild 
hogs and deer near Liao Chow. 

Schools are closed for the Chinese New Year 
season. There has been quite a bit of the grip 
and tonsillitis in the schools as well as in the 
whole community, not excluding the foreigners. It 
is quieting down some again. 


From our new people at the North China Lan- 
guage School in Peking: 


The Missionary Visitor 


" We are finding the introduction into the cus- 
toms and language of another civilization a most 
interesting and fascinating experience. There is 
nothing monotonous about the study of Chinese, 
especially in a place like Peking, with the privilege 
of such a fine institution as the Union Language 
School, with its teachers who have had years of 
experience in the teaching of this language and 
whose methods are unique and interesting. The 
effectiveness of their methods may be indicated 
by the fact that in the three and one-half months 
we have a vocabulary of about four hundred and 
fifty words and can in a small way at least make 
ourselves understood. 

" Along with our language study we are getting 
glimpses into the culture, history and mental back- 
ground of this people. If we would understand 
the Chinese we must know not only their language 
but something of their thought life, of the ideals 
which motivate their lives, and explain many of the 
things which at first seem strange to us. 

" Taking advantage of some of the opportuni- 
ties which Peking affords for getting in closer 
contact with the people themselves, Mrs. Brubaker 
is teaching music to a couple of Chinese girls in 
the Methodist Mission; Miss Kreps, through as- 
sociation with a Chinese visiting nurse, is learn- 
ing something of public health work in Peking. 
She and Mrs. Brubaker together are helping one 
of the graduates of our mission school at Ping 
Ting, who is now working in Peking in his en- 
deavor to learn English. During the basket ball 
season Mr. Brubaker had the pleasure of referee- 
ing many of the league games of the city. He 
finds the Chinese boys have just as fine a sport 
spirit as any of our American college boys. He 
is also teaching a class in the Methodist Mission 
Sunday-school. Under the auspices of the Young 
Women's Christian Association, Miss Neher is 
teaching a small group of girls in the Peking 
National Girls' College in English Bible." 

From the above we see that our new people are 
not only making rapid strides with the language, 
but, what is more valuable, perhaps, they are 
taking advantage of the great opportunities of- 
fered by the different organizations of the city 
for personal contact with the Chinese themselves. 
They also are singing in the Choral Society of 
Peking, which gave the " Messiah " at Christmas 
time. g 


We are glad to report that twelve were baptized 
Jan. 2. May the New Year resolutions of these 
babes in Christ be a truly new life. 

In cooperation with the Y. Iff. C. A. the other 
organizations and churches of the city are con- 
ducting the popular education classes, in which 
are taught the thousand most common charac- 
ters and other subjects. This is a new movement 
that is being conducted all over China and will 
prove of much benefit to the great mass of 
common people. Taiyuan has been divided into 
districts, and Pastor Chao and Mrs. Chang are 

conducting classes for men and boys and women 
and girls at convenient hours. These classes are 
to meet daily for four months. 


Little Donald Myers gained thirty ounces in 
the last three weeks, and on the day he was 
seven months old he had his first tooth. We 
rejoice with the Myerses. 


Special evangelistic preaching in the city and 
surrounding vicinity has been carried on by the 
missions of the city for the past week. During 
this season of feasting and leisure we hope that 
many gospel truths may be planted in the hearts 
of these people. »g 

Jan. 27 a special meeting for members was held 
at our chapel. This was to encourage them in 
their Christian life and bring them into closer 
fellowship with the leaders of the church and 
each other. jj 


H. Stover Kulp 
The mission recently decided that each of the 
missionaries should annually take a short vacation. 
The Helsers spent a week at Gula, about twelve 
miles northwest of Garkida. They reported a de- 
lightful time among our Bura friends in that 
section. vj 

Brethren Kulp and Helser spent from Nov. 20 
to Dec. 3 touring in the West Bura district. A 
greater part of the time was spent about Kwaya, 
the town in the center of the greatest Bura popula- 
tion. However, in all a dozen towns of considerable 
size and importance, besides many smaller ones, 
were visited. Garkida lies at the extreme eastern 
end of Bura land. In coming to Garkida one passes 
through West Bura on the main road, yet this was 
the first time we had the opportunity really to 
explore the district, which contains by far the 
greater part of the Bura population. The pur- 
pose of the tour was twofold: First, to acquaint 
the people with the missionaries and their work; 
in the second place, we hoped to find a site for 
a station that would be accessible to the greater 
part of the Bura people. The first we were able 
to do through our friendly attitude, our evangelistic 
services and medical clinics. As for the second, 
it was decided to ask for government sanction to 
begin mission work at Kwaya. This town boasts 
of the largest weekly market in Bura land and is 
located by the beautiful crater lake, Lake Tilla. 
The people, reserved at first, became quite friendly 
upon learning the purpose of the visit among them. 
More than one invitation was extended to us to 
come and live with them. "More than a score of 
evangelistic services were held, including preaching 
at the large Kwaya market. Here the missionaries 
held two services at the same time, one at each 
end of the market. They climbed on top of the 
booths, built to house traders, and the people 
heard as far as the voices would carry. It was 
proclaiming " from the housetops." 

(Continued on Page 128) 


The Missionary Visitor 


The Washington Convention 

Student Juniata College 

THE Church of the Brethren was 
represented by about eighty dele- 
gates at the Missions Conference in 
Washington, D. C, January 28 to February 
2. Among these were Student Volunteers 
from the various colleges, and at the de- 
nominational conference on Monday we had 
an opportunity to discuss mission problems 
from the standpoint of our own work. The 
need of deeper consecration and more time 
for intercession was emphasized by the re- 
turned missionaries and all others who spoke ; 
for it is believed that with this brought 
about, all other difficulties will be taken care 
of. The financial situation was discussed; 
the volunteers are facing the fact that many 
who have offered themselves for foreign 
service will have to remain to help strength- 
en the home base. 

Young men and women who are prepar- 

ing to devote their lives to the service of 
the Master must rise to the opportunities 
which are presenting themselves. More 
Christians now than ever before are wak- 
ing up to the invitation of the Gospel ; the 
doors of every people are open and there 
is a rising spiritual tide. New forces are 
manifesting themselves, giving a new force 
to the message. Dr. Mott says, " No one has 
a monopoly on the message, and by united 
thinking, planning, acting and interceding, 
the Gospel of Jesus Christ will be brought 
to men." 

The conference throws out its challenge to 
every Christian to reconsecrate himself to 
the task to which he is called ; to do his 
part as a member of the body of Christ in 
bringing others to a knowledge of our Lord 
and Master. 

Convention Impressions 

Professor in McPherson College 

THE impressions one receives at such 
a gathering as the Washington Con- 
vention are necessarily many and 
varied, and to record them in any logical 
manner is scarcely possible. I shall merely 
mention a* few outstanding impressions. 

In the first place, the program was pre- 
sented exactly as printed, excepting one or 
two minor changes. This seems little short 
of marvelous when one considers the fact 
that the program was crowded with the 
names of busy men from far and near. 
Whether the task was Scripture reading 
and intercession, leading in devotions, pro- 
nouncing the benediction, or delivering a 
main address, the one assigned was there 
and performed his part in all faithfulness. 
This in itself created the impression that 
the work of missions is a matter of supreme 
importance, and that it deserves our care- 
ful study and our best energies. 

The view of missions given by the con- 

vention was in no sense a narrow one. We 
were told again and again that it must 
not be the aim of Christian missions to 
transplant Western civilization into the 
Orient. There has been a tendency on the 
part of some to regard missions successful 
to the extent that natives on the mission 
field could be induced to dress and act 
and think like us of the West. Nothing 
could be farther from the spirit of Jesus 
Christ than this. Christianity is not a mould 
into which the nations of the earth are to 
be poured, but a way of life which finds its 
expression in the development and not in 
the suppression of personality. What a 
calamity, indeed, if, in the process of Chris- 
tianizing India, her ability to think in spir- 
itual terms be replaced by our Western 
material-mindedness, or if the Chinese spirit 
of humanity and comradeship and her 
tendency to pacifism be replaced by 

(Continued on Page 116) 


The Missionary Visitor 



Tke editor invite* helpful contribution in this department 
•f tke Visiter 


A Barber in Paraguay. 

William G. Schere writes from Bella Vista, 
Paraguay, to Inland South America, of a 
barber, a man of notorious immorality, who 
has found Christ. He says : " I never heard, 
thought or dreamed that there was such 
a thing as the Bible, the Word of God." 
He is a man of little education and finds 
it very difficult to read. In fact very often 
he loses the sense of what he is reading, 
it is such an effort. However, he has a 
Bible and is diligently seeking a knowledge 
of God. He has bought several Bibles and 
Testaments to give to friends, and is con- 
stantly testifying for the Lord. He has 
given away many tracts, etc. Mr. Schere 
writes : " The other day when he was cutting 
my hair, he told me that he was especially 
desirous that others might find the Lord 
for he wanted compafieros in the faith. He 
is not waiting for us to get them either, but 
is trying hard to get them interested him- 
self." — Missionary Review. 

Notice to the Young People: At the six 
Young People's Camps this summer a re- 
turned missionary will be present. This is 
a great opportunity for the young people 
to live, talk and associate with a soldier of 
Christ from the foreign field. We trust 
every young man and woman will have at 
least one and maybe more good personal 
heart-to-heart talks with these missionaries. 
It will do you good and broaden your vision 
of the work of the Master. 


(Any book may be secured from Brethren Pub- 
lishing House, Elgin, 111.). 

Japan on the Upward Trail, 75c, by Wil- 
liam Axling, Missionary Education Move- 

If we all thoroughly understood the Japa- 
nese in his struggle to get away from con- 
servation and to adopt modern ideas, I 
wonder if we would feel so antagonistic and 

unchristian toward him. The heart-thrill- 
ing stories of the lives of the early mission- 
aries, and especially of the pioneer Japanese 
Christians, as told in " Japan on the Up- 
ward Trail," are most inspiring. The sacri- 
fice of home, caste, friend, fortune and the 
suffering of persecution, imprisonment, 
banishment, and sometimes crucifixion — 
such brave deeds make your pulses beat a 
little faster and your breath come a little 
quicker. The Christ love of these souls 
compares well with our own Christian pio- 
neers. "Japan has not yet attained. Like 
people everywhere, the Japanese have still 
far to go. But they stand today at the 
turn of the trail which leads toward the 
heights and in following it, they need the 
light of him who lighteth every man." 

Reviewed by Doris Royer. 

The Business of Missions. Special price, 
75c. By Patton. Macmillan Co. 

People are never interested in any propo- 
sition or work with which they are not 
acquainted. They will not contribute of 
their funds for the advancement of a cause 
in which they are not interested. Here is 
a book which has been carefully prepared 
by the secretary of the American Board of 
Commission for Foreign Missions. It has 
been prepared with the purpose of enabling 
people in general to become better ac- 
quainted with the "business" or the "work" 
of foreign missions. It gives a compre- 
hensive survey of what the foreign mission 
enterprise is doing educationally, evan- 
gelistically, medically, socially. It discusses 
some of the big problems which face the 
Mission Boards and how they relate to the 
advancement of the cause. The organiza- 
tion and scope of the executive staff at 
headquarters are well explained. The 
author shows how cooperation is being car- 
ried on in certain lines of work on the 
field, with benefit to all concerned. Exist- 
ing world conditions, which present a real 
challenge to the Christian world, are cited. 


The Missionary Visitor 



The whole book is a challenge to the read- 
er to do more for the cause of missions, 
and no one can read it without feeling this 

Reviewed by Clarence Shockley. 

The Arab at Home. Paul H. Harrison. 
345 pp. Thomas Y. Crowell, New York, 1924. 

A most readable book, full of local color, 
which cannot fail to interest any one who 
is interested in people. It gives a vivid pic- 
ture of the Arab at home drawn by a 
man who is at home with the Arab as are 
few men of this generation. The student 
of Mohammedanism will also find valuable 
material here, the origin of that religion and 
its whole fabric becoming much more in- 
telligible and significant as we study the 
character of the people of the land of its 

The Student Volunteer will welcome this 
volume for a variety of reasons. Many will 
recall the figure of the author as he visited 
universities and colleges last year, his fund 
of amusing anecdotes drawn from mission- 
ary experience, the flashes of power and 
insight of a strong character, and they will 
be eager to find the like material in his 
book. But the greater value will come 
from the contents of the book as they shed 
a great light on the relationship of the 
missionary to the people among whom he 
labors. In the fairness of his estimate of 
the Mohammedan religion, giving credit 
where credit is due, in his insistence upon 
" simple, unaffected, democratic equality " 
as the essence of missionary method, Dr. 
Harrison lays down fundamental principles 
which must govern the missionary enterprise 
in any land and among any people. 

The book is dedicated to three great Arab 
sheikhs whom he calls " Three of my best 
friends." One of these sheikhs is Bin Saud, 
the powerful potentate of Inland Arabia, who 
has recently captured Mecca. In the spirit 
of this dedication, which pervades every 
chapter, lies a great example which those 
who are preparing to preach the Gospel to 
an alien people may do well to emulate. 

F. M. Potter. 
Clipped from Student Volunteer Bulletin. 

Work for Brethren 
Boys and Girls 

ALL Brethren boys and girls and their 
Sunday-school friends are invited to 
unite during 1925 to help build a 
Christian Hospital at Dahanu, India. This 
invitation is given to all children, regardless 
of how young or how old. It is especially 
applicable for ages from 6 to 16. 

Our Need — the Dahanu Hospital 

OUR India territory, 1 75 miles long, 
and averaging about 65 miles wide, 
and having more than a million peo- 
ple, is divided into two language areas, 
Gujarati and Marathi. The Gujarati area 
now has a good hospital, but in the Marathi 
territory we have only a small dispensary. 
In 1923 the number of patients treated at 
the Bulsar Hospital was 23,062. Of these, 
307 remained in the hospital for continued 
treatment. Some women once came to the 
Bulsar Hospital and related how, several 
years before, a very sick woman had received 
some medicine there, but she was so sick the 
doctor thought she would die. She went 
home, took the medicine, lived and was bap- 
tized. Now they came for treatment and ex- 
pressed a desire to become Christians. 

The work being done in Gujarati terri- 
tory is needed also in the Marathi area. The 
General Mission Board has approved the 
building of a hospital, but cannot do so un- 
less funds are contributed. Here is a chance 
for the children to join in and help do a most 
needed piece of work. 

The Plan 

IT is suggested that parents and children's 
leaders help the boys and girls to engage 
in some kind of work that will bring in an 
income for missions. In country churches, 
raising chickens or growing pop corn or 
vegetables is the usual way of earning money. 
Whether a boy or girl lives in the country 
or city, there is always some work to be done 
and money to be earned if the parents or 
teachers of the children will help them find 
it. Many churches or individuals will fur- 
nish money for the children to invest. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Every Worker Will Receive News 
From India 

A NEWS service is arranged so that 
every worker enrolled will receive some 
information about the work of the hos- 
pital. At least one picture of eome scene 
connected with the hospital will be sent. 

The Plan Is Threefold 

I. Educational. In addition to the in- 
formation received from India, each worker 
is urged to read one or more books. It is 
splendid for the children to own these books, 
but some may not be able to buy them, and 
every Sunday-school should have them in 
their library. 


12 — 16 Torchbearers in China, Matthews. 
Cloth, 75c; paper, 50c. 
Frank Higgins: Trail Blazer, 
Whittles. Cloth, $ 1 ; paper, 75c. 

10—16 The Wonderland of India, Rocky 
and Hunting. Cloth, 65c; pa- 
per, 40c. 

9 — 12 The Honorable Crimson Tree, 
Ferris. Boards, 60c ; paper, 40c. 

9—15 The Land of the Golden Man, 
Ferris. Cloth, 75c; paper, 50c. 

Order from Brethren Publishing House 
Elgin, 111. 

2. Expression Through Programs. In 
every church where children are earning 
money they should at least once, and many 
times if possible, give a missionary program. 
If there is a Junior Christian Workers' hour, 
they can function many times. Otherwise 
it will be splendid for the children to give 
a special missionary program. The General 
Mission Board will be glad to help in pro- 
viding the program material. 

3. Expression Through Stewardship of 
Money. The hospital plant is urgently 
needed. It is thought some patients who died 
might have lived if the equipment had been 
adequate. But we would not ask the chil- 
dren to engage in this work for the money 
alone, but for the splendid experience in giv- 
ing for missions. Let every child earn as 
much as possible and have the joy of giv- 
ing a generous gift to the Lord. All chil- 
dren should plan to conclude their work and 
have the money reach the General Mission 
Board before Dec. 31, 1925. 

Splendid Results Were Achieved 
in 1924 

LAST year a similar plan was used. 
The February (1925) Visitor gives a 
partial report of what was accom- 
plished. Thirteen groups of children raised 
$428.4 1 . If all congregations of the Broth- 
erhood would enlist their children in this 
work, and would do as well, the children 
would contribute for missions $33,000. 

This picture is used by courtesy of the National Child Welfare Association, 70 Fifth Ave., New 
York City. A series of 11 colored posters 17x28 inches, on subjects, How to Earn, How to Spend and 
How to Save, sell for $8.75. Single posters, 8Sc. 


The Missionary Visitor 


The best report made for 1924 was from 
Sunnyside, Wash. Primary and Intermedi- 
ate Department children earned $149.78. 

The Class or Junior Society as a 
Working Group 

LAST summer in some churches the Sun- 
day-school classes were the working 
unit. Friendly competition between 
classes will add interest. Where there is a 
junior society and one leader to take charge 
of all, this will doubtless be the best plan. 

In classes where the money is earned, week 
by week, a treasurer to receive and hold the 
earnings will be well. 

Results of the Children's Efforts to 
Be Published in the Visitor 

EVERY group of children engaging in 
this work and contributing their earn- 
ings for missions will be entitled to 
mention in the Visitor. Short essays on some 
phase of their work are invited. Good, clear 
pictures of the children at their work are 
especially desired. 

The Necessity for Adult Leader- 
ship and Interested Parents 

THIS project will succeed if the chil- 
dren have an interested leader who 
will show them how and cheer them 
on when they grow weary. Special atten- 
tion should be given to informing the parents 
just what this is all about. If they are tact- 
fully enlisted as co-operators with their chil- 
dren they will be of great help. Without 
them the project will stand slim chances of 

Leaders should order enrollment blanks 
for each worker. Send to General Mission 
Board, Elgin, 111. 


(Continued from Page 112) 

our Western spirit of inhumanity 
and competition and militarism ! The 
kingdom of God cannot possibly come 
in its perfection except each nation makes 

its contribution to a larger and fuller inter- 
pretation of Christianity. In this connec- 
tion emphasis was also placed upon an- 
other fact that we are more and more be- 
ginning to realize in these days. It is, 
that the progress of Christianity in foreign 
lands is dependent upon a close and en- 
thusiastic cooperation between denomina- 
tions, that they may carry overseas not 
merely creeds or dogmas or denominational- 
ism, but Jesus Christ himself. 

There was, however, another thing that 
seemed to receive more emphasis than any 
other one thing. It was the more impres- 
sive, perhaps, because some of us had not 
supposed that it would enter so largely into 
the discussions of such a convention as 
this. I refer to the constant insistence of 
the speakers that the whole missionary 
undertaking is utterly hopeless without a 
complete personal surrender to Jesus Christ 
— not only on the part of those who work 
on the foreign field, but also on the part 
of those who work at home. It was Robert 
P. Wilder, who said Christianity has faced 
three criticisms as it has progressed in the 
Orient. First, the criticism was made that 
Christianity is not " true," and later, that 
it is not "new." Time has shown both of 
these criticisms to be unjust. But now the 
criticism comes that Christianity is not 
" you " — and this criticism must be met, not 
by preaching sermons about Christ, but by 
living a Christlike life. R. A. Doane, of Co- 
lumbus, made the statement that practicing 
Christianity at home is more essential than 
merely preaching it abroad. And so we 
were made to feel through session after 
session that we were face to face with great 
issues, the solution of which could be ap- 
proached only after thorough heart-search- 
ings and complete dedication of our lives 
to God. 

I The Missionary Awakening of Elm J 
Grove, Price, 10c 

It is a missionary dialogue for fifteen 
young people. The purpose of the dialogue 
is to set forth the missionary standard 
for a church. It is being used extensively 
not only in local churches but in District 


The Missionary Visitor 



Conducted by Aunt Adalyn 


Dear Aunt Adalyn: Is there room for one 
more? I was thirteen years old Nov. 3. 
We are milking thirteen cows. I milk four. 
I am a member of the church. I have four 
sisters. Edith Moats. 

Prescott, Mich., R. 2. 

I suppose you have your cows all named. 
Which four do you milk? Do you like the 
job? It must be nice to have plenty of 
cream on the table. 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : I am ten years old and 
in the fifth grade. I have a little brother 
five years old, and a baby sister of three 
months. My father is pastor of the Church 
of the Brethren of Empire, Calif. I live 
in the country, a mile from town. I go in 
one of the big auto busses. I live among 
the almond trees. It is great fun to help 
hull the almonds. I have seen many tons 
of peaches carried to the shipping trains. 

Empire, Calif. Frances Miller. 

If you and Edith Moats could move your 
ranches together, you could live on peaches 
and cream, couldn't you? And then all the 
almonds you could eat! You wouldn't need 
a cook, would you? 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : I was eleven years 
old the eleventh of February. I am taking 
the fifth grade this year. My teacher's 
name is Mr. C. W. Stoneman. He has 
taught our school four years. In all he has 
taught twenty years. I guess he will get his 
pension this year. I have about half a mile 
to school, and about four miles to the Breth- 
ren church. I live in the " Mother of 
States. " I have a pen friend, Minnie Beck- 
er, that I got out of the Juniors' page. 

Monarat, Va., Box 44. Charity McGee. 

I wonder how many Juniors know why 
Virginia is called the "Mother of States"? 
Get out your unabridged dictionaries ! 

Dear Aunt Adatyn : I am thirteen years 
old. My birthday was the fifth of October. 
I am in the seventh grade. I belong to the 
Brethren church. We have no Sunday- 
school here in the winter time. I have a sis- 
ter older than I. I always watch for the 
Visitor to come so I can read the letters. 
I hope you will let me squeeze in, as I am 

Mae Guthrie. 

small for my age. 

Hazelton, W. Va. 

I am sure there are some girls here who 
would be glad to open correspondence with 
you. We are very chummy folks ! 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : Here comes another 
little Virginia girl. I am nine years old 
and in the third grade. We have just 
finished our mid-term examination. I am a 
Junior in the Brethren Sunday-school. I 
have no brothers or sisters to play with, 
but I have some pets. Grandmother gave 
me two goldfish for Christmas. It is inter- 
esting to watch them. In the summer time 
I raise chickens. I helped mother with hers, 
and raised thirty-seven for myself. I sold 
them and put some of the money in the 
bank and gave some to missions. 

Dayton, Va. Mildred Miller. 

That is certainly a profitable way of 
spending vacation. You got a lot of fun 
out of it as well as money, didn't you? And 
yet you had time, I suppose, for skipping 
rope ! 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : Will you please give 
me a little space in j^our corner? I am a 
reader of the Visitor and enjoy it very 
much. I was baptized into the Church of 
the Brethren in 1920. I am seventeen years 
old, and in the ninth grade. I have five 
brothers and two sisters. I live in town. 
I would like to correspond with some of the 
Juniors near my age. Ruth Pilson. 

McComas, W. Va. 

I hope you will be able to finish high 
school. In these days, one does not stand 
much of a chance without at least a high 
school education. 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : I was eleven the 
twenty-second of last August. I was in the 
sixth grade. But I went to school only 
two weeks this year, because my knee be- 
gan to bother me. The doctor thinks it is 
T. B. I either have to be in bed or sit in an 
invalid's chair. I'll be glad when spring 
comes, so I can be out of doors. I enjoy 
the letters in the Missionary Visitor. My 
aunt, Mrs. J. Edson Ulery, sends me the 
magazine, " Everyland. " I am a member 
of the Brethren church. I would be glad if 
some of the girls would write to me. Your 
friend, Mary A. Kindy. 

Middlebury, Ind. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Here, Juniors, is a chance to show the 
stuff you're made of ! If you were in Mary's 
place, wouldn't you be glad if a whole lot 
of boys and girls would send you jolly let- 
ters? Tell the funniest things you know 
about. Just suppose you had to sit or lie 
all day long, and all night long, and couldn't 
romp with the puppy, or run after the 
calves, or play blind man's buff, or slide 
down hill ! I do hope, Mary, that you will 
feel a lot better when warm weather comes. 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : I go to Prairie Center 
school. I am in the third class, and am nine 
years old. I belong to the Brethren church 
at Lindsay. I have a little white dog 
named " Vic. " He knows when Sunday 
comes, and when we are ready to go home 
from church he is there. He goes to church 
only on Sunday nights, but not any other 
night in the week. Ida Beth Cunningham. 

Strathmore, Calif. 

It is wonderful what intelligence a dog 
has. No wonder he makes such a delightful 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : I have received let- 
ters from several of the Juniors, and hope 
some more will write to me. I have lots 
of time to write now, because we are snow- 
bound most of the time these last few 
weeks. At the coldest, it was fourteen be- 
low zero. We had no school for several 
days on account of the snowstorm. There 
are many hills around our house, and we 
have lots of fun coasting. I spend most of 
my time in reading, writing letters, and 
knitting sweaters. I'll be glad when spring 
comes again when we can see the flowers 
and hear the birds sing. I think some of 
the birds will starve in this cold weather. 
Sometimes my aunt and I go out into the 
woods and feed them with wheat and corn. 
I expect to get a prize for faithful attend- 
ance in Sunday-school for the last year. 
This will be my fifth year for perfect at- 
tendance. I have cracked the January 
" Nuts " and hope they are correct. 

Telford, Pa., R. 2. Evelyn Ziegler. 

I hope you are all thawed out by this 
time, and that the birds will soon be looking 
for nesting places. You have certainly a 
fine attendance record. Yes, the " Nuts " 
were all cracked just right. 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : I am nine years old 
and in the fifth grade at school. My birth- 
day is March 10. My brothers' names are 
Carl and Merle. I go to a consolidated 
school, and I rode in a bus. I had two 
miles to go before we moved to town. My 
sister-in-law has a friend missionary in 
India. I am something like you, Martha 
Stern. My Sunday-school teacher is Mrs. 

Smalley. I am sending the answers to 
" Demolished Cities of Asia." 

Woodland, Mich. La Von Geiger. 

Your answers are correct. Do you live 
in the neighborhood where they raise peach- 
es ? Those you send down here taste pretty 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: This is the first time 
I am writing a letter to you. I belong to 
the Brethren church at Parker Ford. My 
Sunday-school teacher is my Aunt Hattie 
Sanger. The school where I go is right 
near home. I am in the sixth grade. I was 
thirteen last August. 

Parker Ford, Pa. Mabel N. Arey. 

You are entering on a wonderful period 
of your life — the "teen age." What you learn 
in the next six or eight years will fix your 
character for life. Therefore, choose your 
path, and watch your step ! 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : I think the letters 
the boys and girls have been writing are 
very interesting. I am nine years old and 
in the fourth grade. My little sister is 
nearly three years old. I raised a pig and 
got a suit. We had a Bible School at our 
church last summer. I liked it very much. 
I am going to try to raise some chickens 
for missionary money this summer. I like 
to draw, but my teacher does not teach 
drawing. I draw some here at home. Sister 
likes to draw, too. She stayed up last night 
till ten o'clock. I was born on the top of 
Alleghany Mountain in West Virginia. 
When I was eight months old we moved 
near Bridgewater, Va. Then when I was 
two years old we moved near Churchville, 
Va. W. Oaklyn Varner. 

Churchville, Va., R. 1, Box 50. 

I wonder if your mother had any trouble 
watching you so you wouldn't roll down the 
mountain ! I am glad you like to draw. It 
is a fine accomplishment. Some time you 
must send me some sketches. 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : I live on a farm, about 
seventeen miles from Lancaster. We have 
five cows, three horses, chickens, and a 
bantam rooster and hen. The bantams eat 
out of our hands. I was fourteen Oct. 30. 
I became a member of the Brethren church 
when eleven. I am the oldest of three chil- 
dren. Father is our superintendent, and 
we never miss unless we are sick. Miss 
Kathryn Zug is our school-teacher. I am 
in the seventh grade. We have about a 
mile to walk. Father and my uncle hare 
a dry goods store in Lancaster, and when 
father and mother work there on busy days 
I keep house, and like it very much. My 
schoolmate, Grace Stauffer, and I are go- 
ing to write to some of the girls 


The Missionary Visitor 


who had letters in the Visitor. I certain- 
ly would be glad to receive letters from 
some of the Juniors. 

Manheim, Pa., R. 4. Alma Ginder. 

Do you think you would like to be clerk 
in the store, too? What does your father 
sell? I was reading in a magazine the other 
day about a man who had a general store, 
and he sold everything, from horse collars 
to limburger cheese ! 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : I was fifteen years old 
Nov. 10. I go to Mastersonville school. In 
tlje eighth grade, where I am, we have fifty- 
seven pupils. Miss Kathryn Zug, of Master- 
sonville, is our teacher, and a member of 
the Brethren church. I joined the church 
when I was nine. There are a hundred 
and forty acres in our farm. We go to the 
church at Chiques Hill, about a mile from 
here. There are eighteen in our Sunday- 
school class. Miss Beulah Gibble is our 
teacher, and a very good one. There are 
about 325 members in our church. 

Manheim, Pa., R. 4. Grace Stauffer. 

Your neighborhood must be " thick " with 
Brethren people. And I wouldn't be sur- 
prised if they owned most of the best 
farms in the county! Did any of them ever 
have to " pull down their barns and build 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : I am eleven years old 
and in the fifth grade. There are eighteen 
pupils in our school. We have had lots 
of snow this winter. I like to take my sled 
and go coasting. My brother, named Roy, is 
ten years old and in the fifth grade. I live 
with my grandma and grandpa. I have some 
pet birds that come into our yard and eat 
bread crumbs. My teacher's name is Mrs. 
Pearl Hess Evans. We have a good school- 
house. I have gone to school eight years. 

Needmore, Pa. Navada Mellott. 

Your letter seems to have gone a-visiting. 
A little girl in Harrisburg received it, by 
mistake, probably, and forwarded it to me. 
But we're glad you got here. You must 
have started to school when you were a 
mere baby, if you have been going eight 
years already! 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : I like to read letters 
from the boys, but there aren't many. I 
will be eleven years old in April. I am 
in the fifth grade. I go to Bethany Sun- 
day-school. Mother gave me a brood of 
little chicks last year. I raised only three, 
and sold them for $1 each, giving the money 
for missions. Our elder gave out quarters 
to five of our class, and they raised pop- 
corn and chickens. We have a radio, and 
I would like to hear Aunt Adalyn talk. They 

give bedtime stories most every evening 
through the week. I have the cutest little 
bob-tail kitten. There are lots of that kind 
in Delaware. His name is Tommy. 

Wyoming, Del. Harvey P. Fifer. 

Oh, I'd be scared of the radio! But 
wouldn't it be wonderful if we could all 
hear each other talk, just as President 
Coolidge's inaugural address was heard in 
Elgin this very day! 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : May I be welcome in 
this group? I am fourteen years old, and 
I live on a farm near Wyoming, Delaware. 
I am in the first year high school at Caesar 
Rodney. I would like for some of the girls 
my age to write to me. If they will, I will 
answer. Ruth Fifer. 

Wyoming, Del. 

What do you raise on your farm? How 
far from the Atlantic Ocean are you? Have 
you ever been to the beach? Tell the rest 
of us some things about your little State. 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : I go to school at 
Edgewood. My teacher is Miss Bessie Zim- 
merman. I am eleven years old and in the 
fifth grade. It is a two-room school. I live 
about 200 yards away. I have six brothers 
and four sisters. All our family belong to 
the Brethren church. We have about sixty 
members. It is two miles to the church. I 
joined when I was ten years old. Our 
preacher is Mr. S. C. Coffman, of Daleville 
College. He comes every first Sunday. 

Lowry, Va. Kathleen Whitten. 

Does a minister named Hubert Whitten 
belong to your family? I saw his name in 
the Brethren " Yearbook." Doubtless you 
are getting ready to go to Daleville some 

What Will End It? 

A Hindu priest gave a striking and pro- 
phetic answer to Bishop Forster, who 
visited his temple. The bishop asked, " How 
long has all this worship been going on? " 
" Four thousand years, " was the reply. 
"How long will it last? " "Not long," the 
priest replied. "And why?" The Hindu 
hesitated. Then raising his hand, he swept 
the line of the horizon, and simply said, 
"Jesus." & g, 

Teacher: — (Showing animals to children) 
What is this? 

Girdar : — It's a tiger. 

Atia : — It has five legs. 

Fatisingh : — I know ; it's an elephant, one 
leg is a nose. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Missing Words 

(They sound alike, but are spelled differently) 
1. My , do not set the milk in the 

2. The ox 

while carrying a heavy 

3. I 


4. Concealing his — 
the heavy box. 

5. With might and 
the horse's . 

6. While the 

more flour to 
— , he - 



he held on to 

hopped, I him 

along with a string. 

7. He rubbed salve on his to 


8. I that my aunt is coming . 

Our General Mission Board 

1. We grin. 

2. E. O. Dry. 

3. Hoi bug. 

4. Yen. 

5. R met me. 

6. C as knob. 

7. Chin in, M. 

8. Grizel. 

9. Pul C. 

(Answers next month) 
March Nuts Cracked 

A Bevy of Girls. — 1. Anna. 2. Bess. 3. 
Clara. 4. Grace. 5. Helen. 6. Laura. 
7. Mary. 8. Edith. 

A Gang of Boys. — 1. William. 2. George. 
3. Daniel. 4. Samuel. 5. Charles. 6. 
Edward. 7. Thomas. 8. Walter. 

Do We? 

A missionary in India was hurrying along 
the street one day by the Ganges River 
when he saw a native woman looking at the 
water. In her arms was a sickly infant, 
while at her side stood a beautiful healthy 
boy. The missionary on questioning her 
found she was in deep distress and was 
trying to make up her mind to give an of- 
fering to her god. He tried to dissuade her, 
telling her of the love of Jesus and his 
sacrifice for her. After a time he had to 
leave her, and some hours later he saw 
her with the sickly babe in her arms. The 
beautiful boy was gone. He knew what 
had happened. She had thrown the boy 
to the crocodiles in the river. " I made an 
offering to my god, " the woman said. 
" But why did you give your boy, why 
not this sickly little one? " asked the mis- 
sionary. Rising to her feet the woman re- 
plied : " We give our gods our best." 


All over the city the darkness hung deep, 
When Christ the Redeemer of men fell 

asleep ; 
The scourge and the railing, the thorns and 

the cross — 
The drama was ended — O infinite loss! 

O, quiet he lay in his cold, stony bed — 
O, bitter the tears which the fishermen 

Their hopes were all over — it was but a 

dream — 
And out of the shadow came never a gleam ! 

Hark! what is the news of the clear, early 

The prison of death of its Victim is shorn! 
The Master is risen! the women declare; 
Come, let us make sure of the tidings they 


Yea, living forever, O Savior, art thou! 
The crown of all power adorns thy fair 

Lift us to thy seat on the heavenly stairs — 
The beautiful end of our hopes and our 

prayers ! A. H. B. 

His Last Solace 

A collector at Bombay had among his 
curiosities a Chinese god marked " Heathen 
Idol, " and next to it a gold coin marked 
" Christian Idol. " Dean Farrar says that 
a famous physican once told him how he 
was attending the death-bed of a rich man, 
who seemed as if he could not die; with 
aimless and nervous restlessness his hands 
kept moving and opening and shutting over 
the counterpane. "What is the matter?" 
asked the physician. " I know, " answered 
the son for his speechless father; "every 
night before he went to sleep my father 
liked to feel and handle some of his bank- 
notes. " Then he slipped a ten-pound note 
into the old man's hand, and feeling, hand- 
ling, and clutching it, he died. 

Doing the Impossible 

An India missionary writes : " I remember 
a remark I once saw to the effect that the 
epitaph of any missionary might be, ' She 
hath done what she could not.' " 

" The happiest people make it a rule to 
like the work they must do." 

" I may be homely, but at least I can have 
a beautiful smile. " 


The Missionary Visitor 



Conference Offering, 1924. As of February 28, 1925, 
the Conference (Budget) offering for the year end- 
ing February 28, 1925, stands as follows: 
Cash received, all funds since March 1, 

1924, $277,510.81 

(The 1924 Budget of $328,000 is 84.6% raised) 

Mission Board Treasury Statement. At time of 
going to press the books for February were not 
closed incidental to being the last month of the 
business year. Indications are that the deficit will 
be no less than at end of previous month. 

Tract Distribution. During the month of January, 
the Board sent out 1,927 doctrinal tracts. 

Correction No. 14. See October, 1924 Visitor. 
Under World Wide, So. Ohio, of credit of $30 to 
Salem Cong., $8.65 has since been designated for 
support of Minnie F. Bright. 

Correction No. 15. See September, 1924 Visitor. 
Under Conference Budget— 1924, So. Ohio, credit 
of $287.50 to Salem Cong, on request has since been 
changed to support of Minnie F. Bright. 

January Receipts. The following contributions for 
the various funds were received during January: 

Alabama— $2.13 

Cong.: Fruitdale, $ 2 13 

Arizona— $24.81 

S. S.: Glendale, 24 81 

Canada— $67.00 

Cong.: Irricana, $65; Indv. : Mrs. Thomas 

Loney, $2, 67 00 

California— $231.49 

No. Dist., Cong.: Reedley, $80.21; Modesto, 
$13.86; Sarah J. Beckner (Reedley) $1; 
Mrs. Nannie A. Harmon (Lindsay) $2; Ida 
Metzger (Lindsay) $5; S. S.: Live Oak, 
$14.19; McFarland, $29.50; Oakland, $30.30; 
Patterson, $4.43; Indv.: S. E. Hylton, $20; 
Grant W. Bowman, $5, 205 49 

So. Dist., Cong.: Missy. Soc, Long Beach, 
$3; A Brother & Wife (Hemet) $10; Laura 

B. Reiff (First Los Angeles) $2; David 
Blickenstaff (Long Beach) $5; H. S. Sheller 
(Long Beach) $5; J. S. Zimmerman (M. N.) 

(Long Beach) $1, 26 00 

China— $100.00 

Indv.: Ada Dunning, $25; W. Harlan Smith, 

$75, 100 00 

Colorado— $175.04 

E. Dist., Cong.: Rocky Ford, $141.17; S. 
G. Nickey (M. N.) (McClave) $.50; Indv.: 
H. P. Lehman, $25, 166 67 

W. Dist., S. S.: Fruita, 8 37 

Florida— $93.71 

S. S.: Sebring, $86.71; Indv.: John W. 
Myer & Family, $5; Mrs. H. Etta Hoke, 

$2, 93 71 

Idaho— $11.25 

Cong.: J. C. Miller (Weiser) $2; M. H. 
Hoffman (Weiser) $2; L. Clanin (Clear- 
water) $5; S. S.: Boise Valley, $2.25, 1125 

Illinois— $255.44 

No. Dist., Cong.: Freeport, $6.75; Mt. Mor- 
ris, $16; Waddams Grove, $16.16; Jennie 
Ruble (Chicago) $3; Elias Weigle (Shannon) 
$5; Wm. Wingerd & Wife (Lanark) $12; 
E. P. and Alice Trostle (Mt. Morris) $5; 
Mrs. Lydia Bricknell (Rockford) $3; A. L. 
Moats (Dixon) $1.20; J. M. Lutz (Bethany- 
Chicago) $1; Wm. Lampin (Polo) $46; A. 

C. Kessler (Mt. Morris) $10; Ora I. Huston 
(Chicago) $10; J. C. Lampin (Polo) $5; 
H. Spenser Minnich (Elgin) $10; Jennie 
Harley (Elgin) $1.20; S. S. : Dixon, $16.10; 
Shannon, $4; Hickory Grove, $4.85; Rock- 
ford, $2.38; Waddams Grove, $6.45, 185 09 

So. Dist., Cong.: Mary Hester (Girard) 
$1; Virden, $3.75; Romine, $3.20; LaMotte 

Prairie, $14; Mary E. Weller (LaMotte 
Prairie) $2; S. S. : Primary Class (Martin 

Creek) $2; Cerro Gordo, $44.40, 

India— $10.00 

Indv.: B. M. Mow & Wife 

Indiana— $1,254.65 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: So. Whitley, $55.40; 
Loon Creek, $50; Salamonie, $302.29; Mexico, 
$25; Clear Creek, $38.37; Landessville, $3.23; 
Plunge Creek Chapel, $32.70; H. H. Helman 
(M. N.) (Manchester) $.50; B. F. Emley & 
Wife (So. Whitley) $2; J. D. Rife (Roann) 
$1.20; Odis P. Clingenpeel (Flora) $2; Wm. 
H. Harter (Flora) $.25; Emma Fair (Man- 
chester) $.38; Frank Fisher (Mexico) $1; 
John W. Hoover (Manchester) $1.25; John 
H. Cupp (Manchester) $1; Walter Bals- 
baugh (Mexico) $5; M. E. Miller (Mexico) 
$1; S. S.: Markle, $2.75; Classes 4, 6 and 7 
(Hickory Grove) $41.59; Class No. 8, Pleas- 
ant Dale, $11.20; Class No. 2, Pleasant Dale, 
$3.36; Indv.: Mrs. Emma Hamilton, $5, .. 

No. Dist., Cong.: Ft. Wayne, $19; Blue 
River, $3.05; Yellow River, $20.92; Waka- 
rusa. $30; Sec. So. Bend, $11.25; First So. 
Bend, $337.84; Enos W. Bowers (Baugo) 
$1; In memory of Cecil Vernon Fifer 
(Dec'd) (Cedar Lake) $3; J. J. Thomas 
(Cedar Lake) $5; Floyd E. Keeper & Wife 
(Yellow River) $54.20; Annetta Johnson 
(Nappanee) $2.50; Mary E. Mathews (Beth- 
el. $.50; S. S.: Union, $3.33; "Willing Work- 
ers " Class, Plymouth, $1.85; Nappanee, 
$65.88; Yellow River, $9.31; Auburn, $31.88; 
Boys' & Girls' Classes (Bremen) $11.95; 
Indv.: Mrs. Lewis Kleitz & Family, $3, .. 

So. Dist., Cong.: Ed. Nelson, $5; Chris 
Cripe (Pyrmont) $.20; B. F. Shill (Bethany) 
$2; R. M. Arndt (White) $1.30; S. S. : Ander 
son, $30.50; Arcadia, $6.97; Grace (Indian 
apolis) $5.75; Indv.: Bernice Deweese, $1, . 
Iowa— $343.90 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Dallas Center, 
Mrs. Frances Beeghly (Iowa River) 

F. Landis'(Des Moines) $1.50; Mrs. 
Deardorff (Coon River) $15; W. I. 
ingham (Prairie City) $5.25; Edwin L 
West (Des Moines Valley) $80; Indv.: Mrs 
Catharine Garland, $20, , 

No. Dist., Cong.: Mary M. Slifer (Grundy 
Co.) $2; Hannah C. Messer (Ivester) $1; U 
S. Blough (So. Waterloo) $4; Elizabeth B 
Albright (Ivester) $5; J. D. Shook, (Greene 
$2; Nannie C. Wagner (So. Waterloo) $2.50 

G. A. Lininger (So. Waterloo) $3; J. S. 
Hershberger (So. Waterloo) $1.50; Samuel 
Fike (So. Waterloo) $12; Julia A. Sheller 
(Ivester) $2; H. C. Sheller (Ivester) $10; 
Mrs. Edward Zapf (Grundy Co.) $5; S. S.: 
Plus Ultra Class, Waterloo City (So. Water- 
loo) $20; Sisters' Bible Class, Waterloo City 
(So. Waterloo) $32; Brethren's Bible Class, 
Waterloo City (So. Waterloo) $23, 

So. Dist., Cong.: English River, $46.04; 
Monroe Co., $10; S. S. : Council Bluffs, 


Kansas— $115.47 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Washington, $12.82; 
" Gospel Workers " Class, Navarre, $20; 
Aid Soc: E. Maple Grove, $10, 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Katie Schul (Fredonia) 
$5; S. S.: Chanute, $2, 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: E. Wichita, $60; H. 
F. Crist (M. N.) (E. Wichita) $1; S. S. : 
Monitor, $2.65; Indv.: Mary G. Morelock, 


Louisiana — $1.20 

Cong.: W. B. Woodard (Roanoke), 

Maryland— $241.59 

E. Dist., Cong.: Monocacy, $20; Mrs. J. 
H. Miller (Fulton Ave., Bait.) $2.50; B. B. 
Brumbaugh (Denton) $1; Annie R. Stoner 

70 35 
10 00 

$5; D 

586 47 

615 46 

52 72 

159 36 

125 00 

59 54 

42 82 

7 00 

65 65 

1 20 


The Missionary Visitor 


(Pipe Creek) $15; S. S.: Long Green Valley, 
$3.67; Pleasant Hill (Bush Creek) $2.05; 
Piney Creek, $2; Indv.: J. D. Engel, $2.39, 48 61 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Hagerstown, $150; B. 
F. Foltz (Beaver Creek) $5; Densie Hol- 
linger (Hagerstown) $5; S. S.: "Willing 

Workers" Class, Pleasant View, $7.98 167 98 

W. Dist., Cong.: Bear Creek, ., 25 00 

Massachusetts— $2.00 

Indv.: Samuel M. West, 2 00 

Michigan— $60.38 

Cong.: Onekama, $5; Battle Creek, $17; 
Perry A. Arnold (M. N.) (Beaverton) $.50; 
Mrs. Alice Swanstra (Beaverdam) $2; S. 
S.: Shepherd, $13.27; Hart, $11.62; Zion, 

$4.47; Grand Rapids, $6.52, 60 38 

Minnesota— $21.41 

Cong.: Bethel, $6.91; John Kaiser (Min- 
neapolis) $14.50 2141 

Missouri— $68.19 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Unknown donor (So. 
Warrensburg) $1; Wm. H. Wagner (Adrian) 

$2.50; S. S.: Happy Hill, $4.75, 8 25 

No. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant View, $12.50; 
No. 79366 (Wakenda) $15; S. S.: Rocking- 
ham, $11; No Bethel (Bethel) $3.24, 41 74 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Carthage, $11.10; 

Nevada, $4.30; S. S.: Fairview, $2.80, 18 20 

Montana— $2.15 

Indv.: Sam Ulrey, 2 15 

Nebraska— $106.37 

Cong.: Octavia, $4.55; Kearney, $15.96; E. 
B. Shuss & Family (Sabetha) $20; A 
Brother & Sister (Octavia) $25; Catharine 
R. Musselman (Kearney) $10; S. S. : Lin- 
coln, $20.86; Indv. : Unknown donor of Fair- 
bury, $10, 106 37 

New Mexico— $22.56 

S. S.: Clovis, 22 56 

North Dakota— $20.00 
Cong.: Kenmare, $10; M. Snowberger 

(Surrey) $10, 20 00 

Ohio— $1,113.96 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Ashland Dickey, $20.10; 
Canton City, $14.12; Cleveland, $34.81; 
Black River, $85.92; Goshen, $40; W. 
Nimishilllen Cong. & S. S., $50: T. S. 
Moherman (Ashland Dickey) $1.80; Mrs. 
Sadie Moherman (Ashland Dickey) $1; A 
Brother & Family (Black River) $20; Lucille 
Lehman (Zion Hill) $2; Mary A. Shroyer 
(Tuscarawas) $3; C. L. Wilkins (M. N.) 
(Springfield) $.50; Mrs. Sarah A. Dupler 
(Olivet) $10.38; S. S.: Owl Creek, $17.79; E. 
Chippewa, $42.87; White Cottage (Goshen) 
$4.85; Ashland City, $62.01; Aid Soc. : E. 
Chippewa, $25; Chippewa, $5; Indv.: Mrs. 

M. E. Bender, $1, 442 15 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Oak Grove & Rome, 
$22.90; Ross, $11; Rome, $35.98; So. Poplar 
Ridge (Poplar Ridge) $4.32; No. Poplar 
Ridge (Poplar Ridge) $11.03; Silver Creek, 
$30.13; I. J. Gibson (Fostoria) $.35; John 
M. Shaffer (Swan Creek) $1; S. S. : Walnut 
Grove (Silver Creek) $13.22; Fostoria, $5; 

Ross, $2.08, 137 01 

So. Dist., Cong.: May Hill, $10; Sidney, 
$12; Greenville, $10; Middle Dist., $13.84; 
Bear Creek, $36.23; W. Charleston, $8.73; 
Trotwood, $155.10; J. A. R. Couser (Beaver 
Creek) $2.50; Earl F. Helman (Sidney) 
$5; Mrs. Geo. Sotzing (W. Milton) $2; Wm. 
C. Teeter (W. Dayton) $1.20; W. H. Folk- 
erth (Salem) $1.20; Mrs. Sarah E. Johnston 
(Brookville) $1; Susie F. Minnich (Painter 
Creek) S. S.: Greenville, $13.27; W. Charles- 
ton, $40.02; Happy Corner (Lower Still- 
water) $36.75; First Married People's Class, 
Pitsburg, $15; Bethel (Salem) $13.84; Lower 
Miami, $125.72; Harris Creek, $4.35; Pleas- 
ant Hill, $10.05; Aid Soc: W. Charleston, 

$15, 534 80 

Oklahoma— $215.97 
Cong.: Washita," $123.02; J. W. Battey & 

Wife (Washita) $50; Wm. P. Bosserman 
(Indian Creek) $.89; S. S.: "True Blue" 
Class, Washita, $1; Washita, $21.06; Indv.: 

R. S. & Ella Rust, $20, 215 97 

Oregon— $25.00 

Cong.: Albany, $10; Joshua J. Schechter 
(Portland) $5; Aid Soc: Portland, $10, .. 25 00 

Pennsylvania — $3,914.27 

E. Dist., Cong.: Little Swatara, $137.60; 
W. Green Tree, $33.50; Ridgely, $10.46; Eliza- 
bethtown, $427.98; Mingo, $40.48; Unknown 
donor (Indian Creek) $2; Sister E. M. Grosh 
(W. Green Tree) $10; Jos. Fitzwater (Dec'd) 
(Green Tree) $3; Rosalinda Young (Indian 
Creek) $25; No. 79504 (Indian Creek) $25; 
Samuel E. Gottshall (Mingo) $100; Samuel 
H. Hertzler (Elizabeth town) $5; Henry R. 
Gibbel (Lititz) $1.20; No. 79866 (Elizabeth- 
town) $100; Two Sisters (Indian Creek) $50; 
S. S.: Ephrata, $82.11; E. Fairview, $42.21; 
Quakertown (Springfield) $12; Mountville, 
$4.63; " Busy Men's Class " (Indian Creek) 
$5; Harrisburg, $20; Shuberts (Little Swa- 
tara) $6.43; Reading, $10; Mingo, $60; Union 
(Fredericksburg) $3.75; Rankstown (Freder- 
icksburg) $3.75; Fredericksburg, $3.75; Eliza- 
bethtown, $29.60; So. Annville (Annville) 
$34; " Gleaners " Class, Akron, $5; Bareville 
(Conestoga) $14; Mt. Hope (Chiques) $26.38; 
Hatfield, $67; Heidelberg, $14.66; Spring 
Creek, $2.07; Paxton (Big Swatara) $44; 
Lititz, $27.01; Aid Soc: Mingo, $50; Heidel- 
berg, $15, 1,553 57 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Clear Creek, $27.46; 
Ardenheim, $50; New Enterprise, $100; Roar- 
ing Spring, $65.30; Cherry Lane, $36.40; 
Huntingdon, $155.87; Lewistown, $249.22; 
Joseph & Tabitha Crawford (Everett) $10; 
Mrs. Samuel R. Snyder (New Enterprise) 
$3; Mrs. E. A. Dolly (Cherry Lane) $2; T. 
T. Myers (Huntingdon) $1.50; John Sno- 
berger (New Enterprise) $3; Susan Rouzer 
(Dunnings Creek) $5; O. Perry Hoover 
(Huntingdon)- $6; Galen B. Royer (Hunting- 
don) $1.40; Jas. C. Wineland (Clover Creek) 
$1; Catherine Teeter (New Enterprise) $2; 
S. S.: Yellow Creek, $4.56; Germany Val- 
ley (Aughwick) $18.40; Curry ville (Wood- 
bury) $8.91; Maitland (Dry Valley) $3; Learn- 
ers ville, $4; Roaring Spring, $47.28; Tyrone, 
$20.56; Burnham, $15.39; Spring Mount (War- 
rior's Mark) $35.51, 875 76 

So. Dist., Cong.: Upper Conewago, $80.89; 
' L. K. Baker & Wife (Upper Conewago) 
$10; Eld. Daniel Bowser (York) $.60; Norman 
Shallenberger & Wife (Lost Creek) $5; 
H. J. and Anna Shallenberger (Lost Creek) 
$60; Chas. C. Brown (Hanover) $10; J. S. 
Harley (Lost Creek) $3; J. E. and Mary 
Hollinger (Carlisle) $5; D. E. Brown (Upper 
Conewago) $10; Helen Price (Waynesboro) 
$2.50; S. S. : Mechanicsburg (Lower Cumber- 
land) $26.44; Three Springs (Perry) $4.60; 
Latimore (Upper Conewago) $7.59; Carlisle, 
$4.10; Newville (Upper Cumberland) $3.17, 232 89 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Green Tree, $250; Ger-- 
mantown, $87.98; Elizabeth M. Degler (First 
Philadelphia) $3; S. S.: Parkerford, $80; Nor- 
ristown, $7.15; Parkerford, C. E., $35, .... 463 13 

W. Dist., Cong.: Johnstown, $152.98; 
Viewmont, $54.86; Walnut Grove, $104.82; 
Mt. Union, $50; Hooversville, $100; Curtis 
Griffith (Quemahoning) $60; Geo. Foster 
& Wife (Pittsburgh) $5; John S. Keim 
(Quemahoning) $2.40; Thomas Hardin 
(Hyndman) $1; I. G. Miller (Middlecreek) 
$1.20; J. Clark Brilhart (Montgomery) $6.50; 
H. L. Griffith (Meyersdale) $8; Linda E. 
Griffith (Meyersdale) $5; E. G. Wakefield 
(Mt. Union) $1; R. E. Reed (Mt. Union) $25; 
Mrs. Wilson Leonard (M. N.) (Ligonier) 
$.50; John D. Miner & Wife (Rockton) 
$15; D. L. Miller (Meyersdale) $6; S. S.: 
Maple Grove (Johnstown) $2.50; Cradle 
Roll Dept., Viewmont, $28.50; Plum Creek, 
$40; Children's Classes, Rummel, $84.22; 
Red Bank, $18.09; Glade Run, $14.66; D. 


The Missionary Visitor 


V. B. S.: Conemaugh (Johnstown) $1.69, .. 788 92 
South Dakota— $48.00 

Cong.: Rogers A. Miller (Dec'd) (Willow 

Creek), 48 00 

Tennessee — $13.00 

Cong.: Mrs. D. T. Keebler (Bailey Grove) 

$8; Indv.: D. G. Bashor, $5, ? 13 00 

Texas— $17.90 

Cong.: J. A. Miller (Falfurrias) $7.90; 

Indv.: D. D. Hummer, $10, 17 90 

Virginia— $1,108.95 

E. Dist., Cong.: Midland, $25.40; Fair- 
fax, $116.74; Nokesville, $5.93; Manassas, 
$32.08; R. A. Heddings (Midland) $10; Ella L. 
Mvers (Hollywood) $1; B. F. A. Myers 
(Hollywood) $.25; J. M. Garber (Trevilians) 
$1.20; J. S. Wine (Fairfax) $10; Geo. W. 
Shaffer (Nokesville) $2; S. S. : Mt. Carmel, 
$25; Indv.: E. T. Norford, $.40 230 00 

First Dist., Cong.: Terrace View, $4.50; 
Bluefield, $27.88; D. C. Moomaw (Roanoke) 
$9.90; W. A. Rux (Cloverdale) $5; S. S. : 
Pleasant View (Chestnut Grove) $14.43, ... 61 71 

No. Dist., Cong.: Powells Fort, $2; Rilev- 
villle (Mt. Zion) $25.47; John H. Kline 
(Greenmount) $5; W. H. Edmonson & Fam- 
ily (Valley Pike) $15; Madison Kline (Lin- 
ville Creek) $.50; D. M. Good, (Mill Creek) 
$2.50; J. B. Coffman (Cooks Creek) $.55; P. 
S. Thomas (Harrisonburg) $1.50; J. N. 
Smith (Greenmount) $1; D. R. Miller 
(Greenmount) $.25; S. S. : Cedar Grove (Flat 
Rock) $5; Luray (Mt. Zion) $13.35; Har- 
risonburg, $12.19; Rileyville (Mt. Zion) 
$17.25, 101 56 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Chimney Run, $4.42; 
Hevener, $5.16; C. R. Sheets & Wife 
(Sangerville) $5; Mrs. B. F. Miller (Bridge- 
water) $3; Mattie V. Caricofe (Beaver 
Creek) $.50; Bettie E. Caricofe (Beaver 
Creek) $.50; Frank Cox (Bridgewater) $.50; 
No. 79869 (Moscow) $35; R. E. L. Strickler 
(Bridgewater) $1; S. I. Stoner (Middle 
River) $3.70; A. B. Glick (Beaver Creek) 
$.50; J. L. Driver (Sangerville) $1; Mrs. P. 
J. Craun (Summit) $.50; S. T. Glick (Beaver 
Creek) $1; S. A. Garber (Pleasant Valley) 
$1; John S. Flory (Bridgewater) $1.50; 
Lucy E. Evers (Bridgewater) $.25; 
Mary R. Evers (Bridgewater) $.25; S. L. 
Huffman (Elk Run) $1.20; Ida M. Wine 
(Mt. Vernon) $5.25; John M. Roller (Pleas- 
ant Valley) $15; Mrs. Bettie Harnsberger 
(Barren Ridge) $12.50; Fannie A. Wampler 
(Pleasant Valley) $1.10; Barbara A. 
Wampler (Pleasant Valley) $1.10; Bessie 
V. Wampler (Pleasant Valley) $1.10; S. S. : 
Sangerville, $30.95; Bridgewater, $500; Indv.: 
D. J. Simmons, $10, 642 98 

So. Dist., Cong.: Schoolfield, $5; D. C. 
Bowman (Bethlehem) $2; Pauline Nolley 
(Christiansburg) $10; Mrs. W. H. Lintecum 
(Coulson) $8.20; S. S. : Fraternity, $31.50; 

Topeco, $16, 72 70 

Washington— $108.10 

Cong.: Okanogan Vallev, $30; Tacoma, 
$8.50; Raymond H. Downey & Wife (Omak) 
$10; Mrs. John Allstot & Family (Okanogan 
Valley) $10; Ira J. Lapp (M. N.) (Wenatchee 
Valley) $.50; Mrs. Frank Pearson (Yakima) 
$5; S. S.: Forest Center, $3.73; Tacoma, 
$2.20; Sunnyside, $18.17; Aid Soc: Outlook, 

$15; Indv.: J. E. Bosserman, $5, 108 10 

West Virginia— $15.50 

First Dist., Cong.: R. E. Reed (Red 
Creek), 50 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Silvia Miller (Pleas- 
ant Valley) $.50; M. C. Czigan (Pleasant 
Valley) $3.50; Dewitt Funk (Pleasant Val- 
ley) $1; Antioch House (Bethanv) $5; Indv.: 
Doddridge Co. Bank (Pleasant Valley) $5, 15 00 

Wisconsin — $3.45 

Cong.: Worden, $1.43; S. S. : White Rapids, 
$1.02; Indv.: Mrs. Phoebe Barber, $1, 3 45 

Total for the month, $ 9,814 84 

Total previously reported 78,612 65 

Correction No. 14, 
Total for the year, 

,427 49 
8 65 

.$ 88,418 84 


Idaho— $2.27 

S. S. : Weiser, 

Illinois— $81.06 

Xo. Dist., Cong.: Ruth F. Ulrev (Chicago) 
$2; S. S.: Batavia, $7.80; Elgin, $50.76, .... 

So. Dist., S. S. : "Stand True & Ready" 
Class, Woodland, $13; LaMotte Prairie, 


Indiana— $68.89 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Marvin Dailey (Peru) 
$2.50; S. S.: Pleasant Dale, $5; Santa Fe, 
$5.07; W. Marion, $6.31; Delphi, $3.18, .... 

Xo. Dist., S. S.: Oak Grove, 

Iowa— $1133 

Xo. Dist., S. S. : Sheldon, 

So. Dist., S. S. : Franklin 

Kansas— $29.18 

X. E. Dist., S. S.: Richland Center, ...... 

S. W. Dist., S. S.: Larned, 

Louisiana— $12.41 

S. S. : Roanoke, 

Maryland— $40.30 

E. Dist., S. S.: Blue Ridge College, Pipe 

Mid. Dist., Aid Soc: Pleasant View, 

Michigan— $20.00 

Indv.: Mrs. H. D. Carmer, 

Missouri— $14.95 

Xo. Dist., S. S.: Wakenda, 

S. W. Dist., S. S.: Carthage, 

Nebraska— $19.57 

Cong.: So. Beatrice, 

North Dakota— $3.50 

Cong.: Minot, 

Ohio— $146.27 

X. E. Dist., S. S.: Baltic, $10; Olivet, 
$90.05; Ashland City, $21.36, 

X. W. Dist., Cong.: Toledo, 

So. Dist., S. S.: Union City, $10.81; 

Painter Creek, $7.86, 

Pennsylvania — $78.53 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Holsinger (Woodburv) 
$23.06; Replogle (Woodbury) $19.88; Curry 
(Woodbury) $13.76; Mrs. W. A. Burkholder 
(James Creek) $3; S. S.: James Creek, $3.02; 
Holsinger (Woodbury) $4.82 

So. Dist., S. S. : New Fairview 

W. Dist., S. S.: "Friendship Bible Class," 

Rockton, $1.80; Rockton, $7, 

Virginia— $12.50 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Bettie Harnsberger 
(Barren Ridge), 

2 27 

60 56 

20 50 

22 06 
46 83 

3 68 
7 65 

10 24 

18 94 

12 41 

5 30 
35 00 

20 00 

12 70 

2 25 

19 57 

3 50 

121 41 
6 19 

18 67 

67 54 
2 19 

12 50 

Total for the month, $ 540 76 

Total previously reported, 9,124 60 

Total for the year $ 9,665 36 


California— $220.00 

So. Dist. & Ariz. Aid Societies, .. 
Idaho— $20.00 
Aid Soc: Fruitland, 

220 00 
20 00 

Illinois — $63.00 

No. Dist. & Wis. Aid Societies, . 

63 00 

Kansas — $100.15 

N. E. Dist. Aid Societies 

78 00 

S. W. Dist. Aid Societies, 

22 15 

Michigan — $57.00 

57 00 

Missouri— $62.50 

No. Dist., Aid Soc: North (Rockingham) 
$25; Dorcas (Rockingham) $12.50; Smith 
Ford, $25 

62 50 


The Missionary Visitor 


Nebraska— $91.00 

Aid Societies, 

Ohio— $374.00 

N. W. Dist. Aid Societies, 

So. Dist. Aid Societies, 

Oregon— $39.00 

Aid Societies, $29; Grants Pass, $10, .... 
Pennsylvania— $465.00 

E. Dist., Aid Soc. : Heidelberg, 

S. E. Dist., Aid Soc: Geiger Mem. 
(Phila.) $10; Harmonyville, $10; Bethany 
(Phila.) $15; Brooklyn, $5; Wilmington, $5; 
Norristown, $25; Green Tree, $50"; German- 
town, $100; Pottstown, $10; First Phila., 

So. Dist. Aid Societies, $120; Waynesboro, 


Virginia— $113.00 

Sec. Dist., Aid Societies, 

S. S. : Omak, 

91 00 

134 00 
240 00 

39 00 

15 00 

280 00 
170 00 

113 00 

.$ 39 84 
972 58 

Total for the month 

Total previously reported, 

1,604 65 
8,440 24 

Total for the year, $10,044 89 

Illinois— $1.80 

No. Dist., Cong.: Mt. Morris, 1 80 

Indiana— $7.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: First So. Bend, $4; Mrs. 

Ambrose Finley (Wawaka) $3, 7 00 

Iowa— $64.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Des Moines, $14; Catha- 
rine Johnston (Mt. Etna) $50, 64 00 

Maryland— $12.00 

E. Dist., Indv.: No. 80045, 12 00 

Minnesota— $5.00 

Cong.: Mrs. Amy Owen (Root River), .. 5 00 

Nebraska— $15.65 

Cong.: Omaha 15 65 

Ohio— $31.18 

So. Dist., Cong.: Poplar Grove, $6.13; S. 

S.: Beech Grove, $25.05, 31 18 

Pennsylvania— $52.39 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Woodbury, $44.89; 
Maggie F. Coble (James Creek) $5, 49 89 

So. Dist., Cong.: Newville (Upper Cumber- 
land), 2 50 

Texas— $3.50 

Cong.: Iva M. Carpenter (Manvel) $2.50; 

Indv.: Mrs. Mary Hanna, $1, 3 50 

Virginia— $17.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Geo. W. Shaffer (Nokes- 
ville), 12 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Laurel Branch, 5 00 

Washington— $3.00 

Cong.: Emma Kilmer (Tacoma), 3 00 

West Virginia— $57.52 

First Dist., Cong.: Sandy Creek, 57 52 

Wisconsin— $2.00 

Cong.: A Friend (Rice Lake) $1; S. S.: 
Maple Grove, $1, 2 00 

Total for the month, $ 272 04 

Total previously reported, 6,029 30 

Total for the year, $ 6,30134 

Indiana— $23.95 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Young People's Class, 
Petroleum (Prairie Creek) $8.31; Mission 

Chapel (Manchester) $15.64, 23 95 

Ohio— $1.91 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Silver Creek, 1 91 

Pennsylvania — $5.00 

W. Dist., Cong.: C. Walter Warstler 

(Pittsburgh), 5 00 

Virginia— $4.18 

E. Dist., Cong.: Mt. Carmel, 4 18 

Washington— $4.80 

7 68 

10 00 

Total for the month, 

Total previously reported, 

Total for the year, $ 1,012 42 

Indiana — $17.68 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Roann, 

No. Dist., Aid Soc: Wakarusa 

Iowa— $50.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Catharine Johnston (Mt. 


Kansas— $9.00 

Cong.: Lawrence, 

Maryland— $25.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Broadfording, 

Missouri— $5.00 

No. Dist., Aid Soc: Dorcas (Rocking- 

Nebraska— $15.00 

Cong.: Omaha, 

North Carolina— $100.00 

Indv.: C. R. Faw & Wife, 

Ohio— $98.38 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Canton Center, 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: No. 79676 (Green- 

So. Dist., S. S.: Middletown, 

Pennsylvania— $596.25 

E. Dist., Cong. : Simon P. Shirk 

So. Dist., Cong.: Unknown donor 
(Waynesboro) , 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: First Philadelphia, 
$200; Harmonyville, $5.25, 

W. Dist., Cong.: Morrellville, $100; 

Scalp Level, $280 

Virginia— $63.70 

No. Dist., Cong.: Newport (Mt. Zion), .. 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Hannah U. Simmons 
(Valley Bethel) $1; Aid Soc: Bridgewater, 


Washington— $2.50 

Cong.: Melissa Longhenry (Yakima), .. 

50 00 

9 00 

25 00 

5 00 

15 00 

100 00 

17 58 

75 00 
5 80 

6 00 

5 00 

205 25 

380 00 

12 70 

51 00 

2 50 

Total for the month, $ 982 51 

Total previously reported, 3,856 93 

Total for the year, $ 4,839 44 

India— $8.51 

Indv.: An India missionary, 

Illinois— $.25 

No. Dist., Cong.: Mt. Morris, 

Indiana — $5.55 

Mid. Dist., S. S. : Junior Girls' Class, 

No. Dist., Cong.: W. Goshen 

Maryland— $31 .00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Wm. A. Hochstedler & 
Wife (Bethany), 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Indv.: John A. Myers, 
Pennsylvania— $19.80 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Rockhill (Aughwick) .. 

So. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. H. B. Winey (Lost 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Elizabeth M. Degier 
(First Philadelphia), 

W. Dist., C. W. S.: Junior Dept., Greens- 

Texas— $3.65 

Cong.: Mrs. E. M. Kidwell (Nocona), ... 

Washington— $49.93 

S. S.: Primary & Intermediate Depts., 

8 51 


5 00 


30 00 
1 00 

3 80 

10 00 

1 00 

5 00 

3 65 

49 93 

Total for the month $ 118 69 

Total previously reported, 3,344 40 

Total for the year, $ 3,463 09 


The Missionary Visitor 



Florida— $10.00 

Indv.: Eld. J. E. Young, 10 00 

Indiana— $20.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: "Guardian" Class, No. 

Winona Lake, 20 00 

Maryland— $40.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Edward C. Bixler & Wife 

(Pipe Creek), 40 00 

Nebraska— $15.00 

Cong.: Kearney, 15 00 

Ohio— $15.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Greenville 15 00 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

100 00 
969 50 

Total for the year, 

1,069 50 

Indiana— $71.94 

No. Dist., Cong.: W. Goshen, $1.94; S. 
S.: "Good Samaritan" Class, Plymouth, 

So. Dist., S. S.: ' Fairview (Nettle Creek), 
Kansas— $10.00 

S. W. Dist., S. S.: E. Wichita, 

Pennsylvania— $227.20 

E. Dist., S. S.: Lititz, $70; C. W. S. : 
Indian Creek, $50 

S. E. Dist., S. S.: Green Tree, $20; C. 
E.: Parker Ford, $35, 

W. Dist., S. S.: Maple Glen, $17.50; Be- 
ginners' Class, Geiger, $4.70; Aid Soc. : 

Meyersdale, $30, 

Virginia— $35.00 

First Dist., S. S. : Women's Bible Class, 

36 94 
35 00 

10 00 

120 00 

55 00 

52 20 
35 00 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported 

344 14 
1,617 93 

Total for the year, $ 1,962 07 

California— $62.50 

No. Dist., S. S.: "I Will" Class, Em- 
pire, 12 50 

So. Dist., S. S.: Hemet, 50 00 

Illinois— $50.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Young Ladies' Class, La- 
Place (Okaw) 50 00 

Indiana— $100.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Nondas L. Parker 
(Andrews), 25 00 

No. Dist., S. S.: "Anchor Class" (No. 
Winona Lake) $50; Primary Dept., Walnut, 

$25, 7500 

Iowa— $60.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: Sheldon, $50; "Live 

Wire" Class, Kingsley, $10, 60 00 

Maryland— $25.00 

E. Dist., S. S. : Sunshine Band (Meadow 

Branch) 25 00 

Ohio— $62.50 

N. W. Dist., S. S.: Primary Classes (Pleas- 
ant View), 12 50 

So. Dist., Cong.: J. M. Pittenger (Pleas- 
ant Hill) $25; S. S.: "Triangle" Class, 

Troy, $25 50 00 

Oregon— $87.50 

S. S.: Newberg, $12.50; Aid Soc: Port- 
land, $25; C. W. S.: Myrtle Point, $50, .. 87 50 
Pennsylvania — $437.50 

E. Dist., Cong.: No. 79866 (Elizabethtown) 
$50; S. S.: "Willing Workers" Class, Hat- 
field, $12.50 62 50 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Delia Bechtel (Hunt- 
ingdon) $50; S. S. : "Sheaf Gatherers" 
Class, Roaring Spring, $25; "Willing Work- 
ers " Class, Snake Spring, $25; Williams- 
burg, $50 150 00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Coventry, $50; S. S.: 

Grater Missy. Class, Norristown, $25; 
Brooklyn, $25, 100 00 

W. Dist., Cong.: Moxham, $25; S. S. : 
Adult Bible Clas, Geiger, $25; Sunshine 
Class, Maple Spring (Quemahoning) $50; 

C. W. S.: Adult, Meyersdale, $25 125 00 

Virginia— $6.25 

No. Dist., S. S.: "Willing Workers" 
Class, Mill Creek, 6 25 

Total for the month, $ 89125 

Total previously reported, 4,430 78 

Total for the year, $ 5,322 03 


California— $5.00 

So. Dist., Aid Soc: Covina, 

Total for the month, . . . 
Total previously reported, 

Total for the year, 

Oregon— $4.15 

S. S.: Portland, 

W. Dist., Cong.: A Sister (Rockton), 

California— $5.00 

So. Dist., Aid Soc: Covina, , 

Total for the year, $ 

Idaho— $40.00 

Cong.: Winchester, $16.69; Moscow, $6.07; 

Nezperce, $17.24, 

Illinois— $12.50 

No. Dist., Cong.: Freeport, $5; Mrs. W. 

S. Sanford (Franklin Grove) $7.50, 

Indiana — $47.60 

No. Dist., Cong.: W. Goshen, $.60; S. 
S.: Boys' & Girls' Classes (Bremen) $9.50; 
" Friendship " Class, First So. Bend, $37.50, 
Maryland— $2.00 

Mid. Dist., Indv.: John A. Myers, 

Nebraska — $5.00 

Cong.: Mary A. Hargleroad (Silver Lake), 
North Dakota— $6.00 

Cong.: Abe Gorden & Wife (Surrey), .. 
Oregon— $3.50 

S. S. : Beginners Class, Portland, 

Pennsylvania — $1.00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Elizabeth M. Degler 

(First Philadelphia), 

Virginia— $21230 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Hevener, 

So. Dist., Cong.: Geo. A. Barnhart & 

Family (Germantown), 

Wisconsin — $2.00 

Cong.: A Friend (Rice Lake), 

5 00 

.$ 5 00 
120 00 

.$ 125 00 

4 15 

Total for the month, $ 4 15 

Total previously reported, 4192 

Total for the year, $ 46 07 

Pennsylvania — $1.00 

1 00 

Total for the month, $ 100 

Total previously reported, 200 00 

Total for the year, $ 20100 

5 00 

Total for the month, $ 5 00 

Total previously reported, 00 

5 00 

40 00 

12 50 

47 60 

2 00 

5 00 

6 00 

3 50 

1 00 

12 30 

200 00 

2 00 

Total for the month, $ 33190 

Total previously reported, 1,945 19 

Total for the year, $ 2,277 09 


The Missionary Visitor 


California — $40.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Inglewood, 

Michigan— $7.39 

S. S. : Sugar Ridge, 

Kansas— $30.00 

N. E. Dist., S. S. : Appanoose, 

Washington— $30.68 

S. S.: Seattle, 

Total for the month, . . . 
Total previously reported, 

40 00 

7 39 

30 00 

30 68 


108 07 
462 18 

Total for the year, $ 570 25 

Indiana — $.74 

No. Dist., Cong.: W. Goshen, 74 

Ohio— $25.00 

So. Dist., S. S. : Young People's Class, 
Bethel (Salem), 25 00 

Virginia— $14.25 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Mt. Vernon, 14 25 

Washington— $49.93 

S. S. : Primary & Intermediate Depts., 
Sunnyside, 49 93 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

Total for the year, 

California— $30.00 

So. Dist., Aid Soc. : Covina, 

Indiana— $7.97 

No. Dist., Cong.: W. Goshen, 

Nebraska— $2.50 

Cong.: Mary A. Hargleroad (Silver Lake), 
Ohio— $25.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Young People's Class, 
Bethel (Salem), 

Total for the month, 

Total previously reported, 

Total for the year $ 

California— $56.56 

No. Dist., S. S.: Primarv Dept., Empire, 

So. Dist., S. S.: Santa Ana, $32.41; Her- 

mosa Beach, $11.65, 

Illinois— $25.00 

So. Dist., Indv.: Cora Clingingsmith, ... 
Indiana — $53.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Junior Boys' Class, 
Pipe Creek, 

No. Dist., S. S.: The Men's Bible Class, 

First So. Bend, 

Iowa— $10.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: "Live Wires" Class, 


North Dakota— $25.00 

S. S. : Kenmare, 

Pennsylvania— $168.75 

E. Dist., S. S.: Mechanic Grove, $25; 
" Andrew & Philip " Class, Lancaster, $50, 

Mid. Dist., S. S. : Spring Run, 

So. Dist., S. S. : "Always There" Class, 

W. Dist., Cong.: Moxham, $25; S. S. : 

"Live Wire" Class, Scalp Level, $25 

Virginia— $5.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Davis Nolley (Valley), . 

89 92 
228 23 

$ 318 15 

30 00 
7 97 
2 50 

25 00 

65 47 
149 12 

214 59 

12 50 

44 06 

25 00 

3 00 

50 00 

10 00 

25 00 

75 00 
25 00 

18 75 

50 00 

5 00 

Total for the month, $ 343 31 

Total previously reported 2,254 76 

Total for the year $2,598 07 

Pennsylvania — $25.00 

W. Dist., S. S.: Hooversville, .... 

Total for the month, $ 25 00 

Total previously reported, 64 48 

Total for the year, $ 89 48 


Virginia— $50.00 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Mary E. Alexander, R. 
N. (Mt. Vernon), , 

Total for the month $ 

Total previously reported, 

Total for the year, 


Indiana — $.10 
No. Dist., Cong.: W. Goshen, 

Total for the month $ 

Total previously reported, 

Total for the year, $ 


Indiana— $.05 

No. Dist., Cong. 

W. Goshen, 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

Total for the month, 

Total previously reported, 

50 00 

50 00 

50 00 


128 50 

128 60 


3 50 

Total for the year, $ 3 55 

Illinois— $29.17 

No. Dist., S. S.: Junior Dept., Bethany 
(Chicago), 19 17 

No. Dist., Aid Soc: Naperville, 10 00 

Indiana— $688.90 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Primary Dept. (Sala- 
monie), 37 65 

No. Dist., Cong.: Union Center, $43; S. 
S.: Boys' & Girls' Classes, Bremen, $2.25; 
Men's Bible Class, Goshen City and church- 
es of No. Ind., $600; Class No. 3, Middle- 
bury, $6, 651 25 

Iowa— $90.82 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Women's Missv. Soc. 
(Dallas Center) $29.29; Mrs. Elizabeth 
Rhodes (Dallas Center) $50, 79 29 

No. Dist., S. S.: Juniors (Grundy Co.), .. 11 53 

Ohio— $16.25 

So. Dist., D. V. B. S.: New Carlisle, .. 16 25 

Pennsylvania— $2.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Blanche Griest (Upper 

Conewago), 2 00 

Virginia— $10.00 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Orlando, Jasper & 

Esther Miller (Elk Run) 10 00 

Washington— $49.92 

S. S. : Primary & Intermediate Depts. 
(Sunnyside), 49 92 

Wisconsin — $6.95 

Cong. : Stanley, 6 95 

894 01 
2,387 70 

Total for the year, $3,281 71 

Maryland— $10.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: The Men's Bible Class 

(Washington City) 10 00 

Washington— $7.50 

S. S.: Forest Center, 7 50 

Total for the month, 

Total previously reported, 

17 50 
260 00 

Total for the year, $ 277 50 

25 00 

California— $16.10 

No. Dist., Cong.: Lindsay, 

So. Dist., Cong.: E. San Diego, ... 

2 25 
13 85 


The Missionary Visitor 


Colorado— $4.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: Miami 4 00 

Florida— $118.18 

S. S.: Sebring, 118 18 

Idaho— $.60 

Cong.: LaMar & La Verne Bollinger, .. 60 

Illinois— $33.H 

No. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Lydia Bricknell 
(Rockford) 3 00 

So. Dist., S. S.: So. Fulton (Astoria), .. 30 00 

Indiana— $94.89 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Class No. 9, Pleasant 
Dale, $6.10; Santa Fe, $12.25 18 35 

No. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant Valley, $20; 
S. S.: Middlebury, $38.43; Class No. 4, 
English Prairie, $1.60; Young Women's Bible 
Class, Goshen, $10; Cleveland Union (Elk- 
hart City) $6.51 76 54 

Michigan— $55.86 

S. S.: Brethren Tp. (Woodland), 55 86 

Maryland— $113.75 

E. Dist., Cong.: A Helper (Piney Creek), 3 00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant View, $25; 
S. S.: Brownsville, $31.88; Manor, $36.87; 
" Willing Workers " Class, Pleasant View, 

$7; Aid Soc. : Pleasant View, $10, 110 75 

Missouri — $32.72 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Turkey Creek 7 88 

No. Dist., Cong.: Rockingham, $14.94; S. 
S.: No. Bethel (Bethel) $8.40; "Ever 
Ready" Class, Rockingham, $1.50 24 84 

Ohio— $10.00 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Baltic 10 00 

Oregon— $18.87 

S. S.: Mabel, $12.50; Myrtle Point, $6.37, 18 87 
Pennsylvania— $589.19 

E. Dist., Cong.: Palmyra, $10; Reading, 
$16.48; Sarah Myer (Lancaster) $12; Two 
Sisters (Indian Creek) $5; S. S. : Midway, 
$14.50; Bachmanville (Conewago) $22.25; Y. 
W. Bible Class (Spring Creek) $5; Stevens 
Hill (Elizabethtown) $16; Salunga (E. 
Petersburg) $27; Paxton (Big Swatara) $10; 
Spring Creek, $34.53, 172 76 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Lewistown, $5; S. 
S.: Spring Mount (Warrior's Mark) $19, .. 24 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: York, $179.46; H. Ed. 
Bonebrake (Waynesboro) $3; S. S. : "Chil- 
dren of the King " Class, Huntsdale (Upper 
Cumberland) $6; " Truth Seekers " Class, 
Huntsdale (Upper Cumberland) $17.50; 
" Sunshine Band," Huntsdale (Upper Cum- 
berland) $15.15; " Busy Juniors," Hunts- 
dale (Upper Cumberland) $5; " Golden Rule 
Circle," Huntsdale (Upper Cumberland) 
$8.50; Huntsdale (Upper Cumberland) $5.07; 
Shady Grove (Falling Spring) $4; York, 
$54.85; E. York (York) $28.90, 327 43 

W. Dist., Cong.: Walnut Grove, $45.76; 
S. S.: Glade Run, $9.24; C. W. S. : Water- 
ford (Ligonier) $10, 65 00 

Texas— $1.06 

S. S. : Manvel 106 

Virginia— $101.98 

E. Dist., Cong.: Manassas, $15.58; J. S. 
Wine (Fairfax) $10, 25 58 

First Dist., S. S.: The Teacher Training 
Class, Roanoke, N. W., $10; Roanoke, $5.25, 15 25 

So. Dist., S. S.: Antioch, 61 15 

Washington— $7.25 

Cong.: Melissa Longhenry (Yakima) $2.50; 
S. S.: Forest Center, $4.75 7 25 

Total for the month, $ 1,197 45 

Total previously reported 6,665 45 

Total for the year, $ 7,862 90 

Pennsylvania— $56.58 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Lewistown 37 40 

So. Dist., S. S.: Chestnut Grove (Upper 
Codorus) 19 18 

Washington— $10.00 

Cong.: Raymond H. Downey & Wife 
(Omak) 10 00 

Total for the month, $ 66 58 

Total previously reported, 102 67 

Total for the year $ 169 25 

Illinois— $13.00 

No. Dist., Aid Soc: Sterling, 2 00 

So. Dist., Aid Soc: Big Creek 11 00 

Indiana — $24.60 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Class No. 1 (Pleasant 
Dale) 2 45 

No. Dist., Aid Soc: Middlebury, $10.15; 
First So. Bend, $10, 20 15 

So. Dist., Cong.: R. M. Arndt (White), .. 2 00 

Iowa— $4.00 

Mid. Dist., Aid Soc: Cedar Rapids 4 00 

Pennsylvania — $16.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Lewistown, $11; Aid 

Soc: Roaring Spring, $5 16 00 

Virginia— $10.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: L. A. S. Valley (Pipe- 
Woodstock), 10 00 

Total for the month $ 67 60 

Total previously reported, 5,029 11 

Total for the year, $ 5,096 71 

Virginia— $50.00 

First Dist., Aid Soc: Cloverdale, 50 00 

Total for the month, $ 50 00 

Total previously reported, 156 23 

Total for the year, $ 206 23 

Iowa — $38.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: Young People's Class, 

Waterloo City (So. Waterloo), 38 00 

Kansas — $10.65 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: E. Wichita, 10 65 

Ohio— $21.67 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Wooster 2167 

Pennsylvania— $10.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Spring Mount (War- 
rior's Mark) 10 00 

Total for the month $ 80 32 

Total previously reported, 372 92 

Total for the year, $ 453 24 

California— $39.60 

No. Dist., Cong.: Chowchilla, 39 60 

Illinois— $25.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Batavia, $23; A Friend 

(Rice Lake), $2, 25 00 

Indiana— $140.83 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Bachelors Run 83 15 

No. Dist., Cong.: New Paris, $52; S. S.: 
Boys' & Girls' Classes, Bremen, $2 54 00 

So. Dist., S. S.: White, 3 68 

Iowa— $78.22 

No. Dist., Cong.: Franklin Co., $18.22; 
Mrs. Jacob Lichty (So. Waterloo) $50 68 22 

So. Dist., S. S.: Liberty ville, 10 00 

Maryland— $161.29 

E. Dist., Cong.: New Windsor (Pipe Creek) 

$101.29; Bethany, $60, 161 29 

Missouri — $11.39 

No. Dist., Shelby Cong. & S. S 11 39 

North Dakota— $55.20 

Cong.: Englevale, 55 20 

Ohio— $454.25 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Marion, $20; S. S. : 
Eagle Creek, $300 320 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Poplar Grove, $112.50; 


The Missionary Visitor 


Painter Creek, $21.75, 134 25 

Pennsylvania — $2.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Susan Detwiler (Wil- 
liamsburg), 2 00 

Virginia— $1,031.44 

E. Dist., Cong.: Midland, 8 67 

First Dist. Congs., 972 77 

So. Dist., Cong.: J. Bowman (Bethlehem), 50 00 

Was hing ton— $1 1 .44 
S. S.: Tacoma, 1144 

Total for the month $ 2,010 66 

Total previously reported, 45,75128 

$ 47,761 94 
Correction No. 15, 287 50 

Total for the year $47,474 44 


Colorado— $4.33 

E. Dist., S. S.: Rocky Ford (Sunday 

School Board), 4 33 

Iowa— $13.41 

So. Dist., S. S.: Liberty ville (Sunday 
School Board, $5; Temp. & Purity work, 
$5; Dress Reform work, $3.41), 13 41 

Total for the month, 17 74 

Total previously reported, 225 38 

Total for the year $ 243 12 

California— $281.25 

So. Dist., Long Beach S. S. for Lucile 

Heckman, 281 25 

Idaho & W. Montana— $347.65 

S. S.'s for Dr. D. L. Horning, $57.79; Nez- 
perce S. S., $75; Winchester S. S., $24; 
Payette S. S., $1.86 for Dr. D. L. Horning; 
S. S. & C. W. S. for Anetta C. Mow, $189, 347 65 
Illinois— $747.50 

No. Dist., J. E. and Edna Wolf (Franklin 
Grove) for Mae Wolf, $480; Bethany S. S., 
$138.25; Intermediate Dept., Bethany S. S., 
$8.12; Loyalty Class, Bethany S. S., $27.05; 
Students Class, Bethany S. S., $13.58; Fel- 
lowship Class, Bethany S. S., $38 (Chicago) 
for Floyd E. Mallott; Beginners' Dept., 
Chicago S. S. for Floyd Mallott, Jr., $20, . . 725 00 

So. Dist., Primary & Junior Dept., De- 
catur S. S. for Darlene Butterbaugh, 22 50 

Indiana— $216.00 

No. Dist., Rock Run S. S. for Mary 
Schaeffer & Minerva Metzger, 25 00 

So. Dist., S. S.'s, $150; Buck Creek S. 

S., $41; for Walter J. Heisey, 19100 

Iowa— $730.00 

Mid. Dist., Cedar Rapids S. S. for Emma 
Horning, 550 00 

No. Dist., Waterloo City S. S. (So. Water- 
loo) for Mary Shull, 180 00 

Kansas— $891.95 

N. E. Dist. S. S.'s, $225; Ottawa S. S., 
$8.25, for Ella Ebbert 233 25 

S. E. Dist., Parsons S. S., $3.70; Emma S. 
Miller (Chanute) $5; for Emma H. Eby, .. 8 70 

S. W. Dist., J. D. Yoder (Monitor) for 
Lulu Ullom, $500; J. M. Eash (Monitor) for 

worker to be assigned, $150 650 00 

Maryland— $600.00 

Mid. Dist., Hagerstown Cong, for Harlan 

J. and Ruth F. Brooks, 600 00 

Nebraska— $84.80 

Bethel Cong, for R. C. Flory, 84 80 

Ohio— $699.90 

N. E. Dist., Olivet S. S. for A. D. Helser, 24 05 

N. W. Dist. S. S.'s for Hattie Z. Alley, 
$223; H. A. Throne & Wife (Silver Creek) 
$120 343 00 

So. Dist., Bear Creek S. S. for Anna M. 
Lichty, $240; Salem Cong, for Minnie Bright, 
$92.85, 33285 

Pennsylvania — $3,454.07 

E. Dist., White Oak Cong, for Ruth B. 
Mallott, 281 25 

Mid. Dist., Albright Cong. & S. S. for 
Olivia D. Ikenberry, $50; Huntingdon Cong, 
for J. M. Blough, $14.72, 64 72 

So. Dist. S. S.'s for Adam Ebey & I. E. 
Oberholtzer, 250 00 

S. E. Dist., First Philadelphia Cong, for 
Ruth Kulp, $400; Coventry Cong, for H. 
Stover Kulp, $2.85, Esther Kreps, $214, ... 616 85 

W. Dist. S. S.'s for Ida Shumaker, Olive 
Widdowson, Grace Clapper & Wm. H. 
Beahm, $1,741.25; Walnut Grove Cong, for 

Samuel Bowman, $500, 2,24125 

Tennes see— $1 13 .20 

S. S.'s, $85.20; Limestone S. S., $20; Knob 
Creek Cong. & S. S.'s., $8 for Anna B. 

Seese, 113 20 

Virginia— $330.00 

Sec. Dist., Willie B. Cline (Lebanon) for 
Alfred E. Hollenberg, $80; Bridgewater S. 

S. for N. A. Seese, $250, 330 00 

Washington— $7.35 

Wenatchee Valley S. S. for Ada Dunning, 7 35 

Total for the month, $ 8,503 67 

Total previously reported, 37,284 45 

$45,788 12 
Corrections No. 14 and 15, 296 15 

Total for the year, $ 46,084 27 


(Continued from Page 111) 
Dr. Burke was in charge at Garkida during the 
absence of Brethren Helser and Kulp. He was 
ably assisted by Mrs. Helser and Mrs. Burke. Un- 
fortunately, both sisters went down with malarial 
fever during that time, Mrs. Burke first and then, 
just as she was getting about, Mrs. Helser took 
her turn. We are glad to report that both are 
quite well again. »• 

The medical work has been growing. Dr. Burke 
reported that the number of new patients for 
November was three times the number for Septem- 

ber - # 

With the advent of the dry season the school 
attendance has become more regular, which is a 
matter of satisfaction and encouragement. The 
present enrollment is forty-two, of which number 
six are girls. & 

By changing the provincial boundary line, Garkida 
and surrounding district, with a population of a few 
thousand, have been transferred from Bornu Prov- 
ince to Yola Province. The remainder of the 
70,000 or more Buras are still in Bornu Province. 

Missionary Slide Sets, Rental Rate j 

and Return Transportation, .$2.00 ! 

Two recently prepared sets are available. I 

Christ the Hope of India. About 70 pic- t 
tures. A beautiful story of the influence j 
of Christian education on the lives of the 
children of India. 

Paganism to Christianity. A set on China, 
showing three things especially. The pagan 
background of the Chinese people, the meth- 
od of doing mission work and the Chinese 
Christians who are toiling to advance the 

Ask for a leaflet announcing all slide sets. 
Book your order well in advance. 

.$»♦$* 44 


44 ** 


















4* 4» 














Supported in Whole or in Part by Funds Administered by the General Mission Board 
With the Year They Entered Service 


Spanhusvagen 38, Malmb, 

Gravbill, J. F., 1911 
Graybill, Alice M., 1911 
Buckingham, Ida, 1913 
Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, 
Baker. Elizabeth, 1922 
Bright, J. Homer, 1911 
Bright, Minnie F., 1911 
Coffman, Dr. Carl, 1921 
Coffman, Feme H., 1921 
Dunning. Ada, 1922 
Horning, Emma, 1908 
Ikenherry. E. L.. 1922 
Ikenberrv. Olivia Dickens, 

Oberholtzer. I. E., 1916 
Oberholtzer, Eliz. W., 1916 
Sollenberger, O. C, 1919 
Sollenberger, Hazel C, 1919 
Vaniman. Ernest D., 1913 
V'animan, Susie C, 1913 
Wampler, Dr. Fred J., 1913 
Wampler, Rebecca C, 1913 
North China Union Language 
School, Peking, China 

Brubaker, Leland S., 1924 
Brubaker, Marie Woody, 

Kreps. Esther E., 1924 
Xeher, Minneva J., 1924 
Liao Chou, Shansi, China 
Florv, Ravmond, 1914 
Florv, Lizzie N., 1914 
Horning, Dr. D. L.. 1919 
Horning, Martha D., 1919 
Hutchinson, Anna, 1913 
Senger. Nettie M., 1916 
Shock, Laura J.. 1916 
Shou Yang, Shansi, China 
Cline, Mary E., 1920 
Heisev, Walter J., 1917 
Heisev, Sue R., 1917 
Smith, \V. Harlan, 1920 
Smith, Frances Sheller, 1920 
Tai Yuan, care of Y. M. C. 
A., Shansi, China 
Myers, Minor M.. 1919 
Myers, Sara Z., 1919 
Ullom, Lulu, 1919 
On Furlough 

Bowman, Samuel B.. Quin- 

ter, Kans., 1918 
Bowman, Pearl S., Quinter, 

Kans.. 1918 
Clapper, V. Grace, Hunt- 
ingdon, Pa., care College 

("ripe. Winnie E., Bremen, 

End., 1911 
Crumpacker, F. H., 1C03 

10th Ave.. Nampa, Idaho, 
^ 1908 
Crumpacker, Anna N., 1003 

10th Ave., Nampa, Idaho, 

Flory, Edna R.. 509 Honore 

St., Chicago, 1917 

Florv, Byron M., Staunton, 

Va., 1917 
Florv, Nora, Staunton, Va., 

Metzger, Minerva, Ross- 

ville. Ind., 1910 
Miller, Yallev, Port Re- 
public, Va., 1919 
Seese, Norman A., 5800 

Marvland Ave., Chicago. 

111., 1917 
Seese. Anna, 5800 Mary- 
land Ave., Chicago, 111., 

Schaeffer, Mary, 3455 Van 

Buren St., Chicago, 1917 
Pollock, Myrtle, McPher- 

<on, Kans., 1917 
Garkida, Nigeria, West Af- 
rica, via Jos, Nafada & Biu 
Burke. Dr. Homer L., 1923 
Burke. Marguerite Shrock. 

Beahm, William M.. 1924 
Beahm, Esther Eisenbise, 

Heckman, Clarence C, 1924 
Heckman, Lucile Gibson. 

Mallott, Floyd, 1924 
Mallott, Ruth Blocher, 1924 
Helser, A. D.. 1922 
Helser, Lola Bechtel, 1923 
Kulp. H. Stover. 1922 
Ahwa, Dangs, India 
Ebey, Adam, 1900 
Ebey, Alice K., 1900 
Shuil. Chalmer, 1919 
Shull. Mary S., 1919 
Anklesvar, Broach Dist., India 
Long, I. S. 1903 
Long, Erne V, 1903 
Miller, Arthur. S. B., 1919 
Miller, Jennie B.. 1919 
Miller, Sadie J., 1903 
Shickel, Elsie, 1921 
Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 
Blickenstaff, Lynn A., 1920 
Blickenstaff, Marv B., 1920 
Hlickenstaflf, Verna M., 1919 
Cottrell, Dr. A. Ravmond. 

Cottrell, Dr. Laura M., 19H 
Eby, E. II., 1904 
Eby, Emma H., 19C4 
Kintner, Elizabeth, 1919 
Mohler, Jennie, 1916 
Wagoner, J. Elmer, 1919 
Wagoner, Ellen H., 1919 
Dahanu, Thana Dist., India 
Nickey, Dr. Barbara M., 

Royer. B. Mary, 1913 
Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 
Forney, D. L., 1897 
Fornev, Anna M.. 1897 
Miller. Eliza M., 1900 
Vada, Thana Dist., India 
Brumbaugh, Anna B., 1919 

Kaylor, John I., 1911 
Kay lor, Ina M., 1921 
Swartz, Goldie E., 1916 
Palghar, Thana Dist., India 
Butterbaugh, Andrew G., 

Butterbaugh, Bertha L., 

Garner, H. P., 1916 
Garner, Kathrvn B., 1916 
Hollenberg, Fred M., 1919 
Hollenberg, Nora R., 1919 
Post Umalla, via Anklesvar, 
Lichty, D. J., 1902 
Lichty, Anna Eby, 1912 
Summer, Benjamin F., 1919 
Summer, Nettie B., 1919 
Widdowson, Olive, 1912 
Ziegler, Kathrvn, 1908 
Vyara, via Surat Dist., India 
Blough, J. M., 1903 
Blough, Anna Z., 1903 
Brooks, Harlan J., 1924 
Brooks, Ruth F., 1924 
Moomaw. Ira W., 1923 
Moomaw, Mahel Winger, 

Mow, Anetta, 1917 
Mow, Baxter M., 1923 
Mow, Anna Beahm, 1923 
Wolf. L. Mae, 1922 
Woods, Beulah, 1924 
On Furlough 

Alley, Howard L., Nokes 

ville, Va., care of I. A 

Miller, 1917 
Alley, Hattie Z., Nokes 

ville, Va., care of I. A 

Miller, 1917 
Ebbert, Ella, McFherson 

Kans., 1917 
Grisso, Lillian. No. Man- 
chester, Ind., 1917 
Himmelsbaugh, Ida, 200 6th 

Ave., Altoona, Pa., 1908 
Hoffert, A. T., 3435 Van 

Buren St., Chicago, 111.. 

Replogle, Sara, New En- 
terprise, Pa., 1919 
Shumaker, Ida C, Meyers- 
dale. Pa., 1910 
Church of the Brethren In- 
dustrial School, Geer, Va. 
Wampler, Nelie, 1922 
Bolinger, Amsey, 1922 
Bollinger, Florence, 1922 

Red Cloud. Nehraska, 

Eshelman, E. E., 1922 
Fort Worth, Texas, 

Horner, W. J., 1922 
Greene Countv, Pirkev. Va., 

Driver, C. M., 1922 
Broadwater, Essex, Mo.. 

Fisher, E. R., 1922 
Pinev Flats, Tenn., 

Ralph White, 1923 

Please Notice.- -Postage on letters to our missionaries 

thereof and 3c for each additional ounce or fraction. 

5c for each ounce or fraction 


























$. *444444444444444444444444444444444 f 4^4444*444444444 44444444344 
^44444>44444444444444444444*44*4444*4444444444*44444 , 44 

Jalso cost $521,236 more, 
suit was that net earnings we. 
►1,300,000 lower than in 1923. 


















Galesburg, 111., Feb. 27.— [Special. ]— 
After three years of legal battling b> 
heirs for the $150,000 estate of J. L. 
Curtis, the case ended abruptly In 
Circuit court here today when both 
factions acknowledged there was not 
sufficient money left in the estate to 
pay further court costs. Both fac- 
tions went broke fighting. 

The attempt to break the will began 
when Mrs. Lena Spierer, a daughter, 
filed suit against the executors. The 
case was tried two years ago with a 
verdict for the contestant. But the 
Supreme court reversed the verdict 
and the case was remanded. 

Under the amicable settlement the 
will is to be set aside and the funds 
remaining used to pay court costs and 
lawyers' fees 



u een 





he ! 




a g 



You will make it right, to which end — 

1. Engage a good attorney to draw it up. 

2. Don't wait until about the time you expect to die. 

3. If you want to remember any of the church institutions get 
the exact name mentioned correctly. 

4. Bequests to missions should be to GENERAL MISSION 
poration of the State of Illinois. 


If at all possible to get your property in shape for the purpose, a 
splendid way to make your bequest to missions (or other of our 
responsible church agencies) is on the ANNUITY BOND PLAN. 
Our booklet V425 explains; ask for it. 

Ger\eral Mission. Board 


Elgiiv, Illinois 


Cluivclixof the Drethren 

Vol. XXVI i 

May, S92, 

No. 5 


The Conference Offering. 
Letters From Missionaries: 

F. H. Crumpacker, China. 
D. J. Lichty, India. 

Messages to Pastors: 
C. F. McKee. 
L. S. Knepper. 

What the Deficit Means on the Field, 
/. S. Long. 

Dedicating the First Church of the 
Brethren in Africa, A. D. Helser. 

The General Mission Board Meeting. 








OTHD WINGER, President, North Man- 
chester, Ind. 

J. J. YODER, Vice-President, McPhersom, 

A. P. BLOUGH, Waterloo, Iowa. 

H. H. NYE, Elizabethtown, Pa. 

J. m. EMMERT, La Verne, Calif. 


CHARLES D. BONSACK, General Secretary- 

H. SPENSER MINNICH, Educational Seore- 

tary and Editor Missionary Visitor. 

M. R. ZIGLER, Home Mission Secretary. 
CLYDE M. CULP, Treasurer. 

All correspondence for the Board should be addressed to Elgin 




The subscription price is included in EACH donation of two dollars or more to the 
General Mission Board, either direct or through any congregational collection, provided 
tke two dollars or more are given by one individual and in no way combined with 
another's gift. Different members of the same family may each give two dollars or more, 
asd extra subscriptions, thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they 
know will be interested in reading the Visitor. NO VISITOR SUBSCRIPTIONS ARE EN- 

Kindly notice, however, that these subscription terms do not include a subscription fox 
eierjr two dollar donation, but a subscription for each donation of two dollars or more, 
m matter how large the donation. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting the 
Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, the Visitor will 
fce sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

To insure delivery of paper, prompt notice of change of address should be given. When 
asking change of address, give old address as well as new. Please order paper each year 
if possible under the same name as in the previous year. 

Address all communications regarding subscriptions and make remittances payable to 

Entered as second class matter at the postoffice of Elgin, Illinois. 

Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in section 1103, Act of 
Qctija&ex 1, 1917, authorized Aug. 20, 1918. 

Sf A >ti »♦< iTj A <Ti Z Jj S iT. .t« i 

'■^«fr<HKHf* < l M fr^'fr*W*^'f<$ M f«!*'f-# 


A Neglected Duty 

Ji yjfOST OF US who have property intend to give something 
Iv 1 to ^ e lord's work; but often it is not done because of 
^ w * neglect. The result is we often contribute to things not 
desired. Good families have been divided and channels of sin 
reenforced by this neglect. Our property represents that much 
of our life and God's work should share in the fruit of our years. 
This can be done by gifts, annuities and wills ; or by special con- 
tract. The GENERAL MISSION BOARD is made responsible 
for the world-wide work of the church — don't forget this work. 

Ji Form of Bequest 

I give and bequeath to the General Mission Board of the 
Church of the Brethren, a corporation of the State of Illinois with 
headquarters at Elgin, Kane County, Illinois, their successors and 

assigns, forever, the sum of dollars, 

to be used for the purpose of said Board as specified in their 

Mission Annuity Bonds is a booklet of information you ought 
to have. It is free. 

general emission <2?oard, Church of the Brethren, (Jlgin, 711. 

Published Monthly by the Church of the Brethren Through Her General Mission Board 

Volume XXVII 

MAY, 1925 

No. 5 




A Paraphrase (Poem), By Josephine Hanna 130 

A Letter to Visitor Readers, By F. H. Crumpacker, 131 

A Challenge to the Pastor, By L. S. Knepper, 132 

A Minister's Impressions of the Washington Conference, Bv C. F. 

McKee, 134 

What the Deficit Means on the Field, By I. S. Long, 135 

Dedicating the First Church of the Brethren in Africa, By A. D. Helser, 136 

Twenty-four Hours a Day for Twenty-two Years, By D. J. Lichty, 138 

China Notes for February, By Airs. E. L. Ikenberry, 141 

The Nanty Glo Church, By Mrs. J. E. Cornelius, 143 

Little Givers' Marching Song, 160 

A Song of Peace, 160 


Missionary News, 145 

Report of the General Mission Board Meeting, 146 

Our Book Department, 148 

Missionary Program Material, 149 


By the Evening Lamp, 151 

The Children's Prayer (Poem), By Adaline Hohf Beery, 153 

Nuts to Crack, 153 



The Doings of a New Testament Church 

By a New Testament church we mean 
one that accepts the records of the New 
Testament as authentic, as expressing the 
mind of Christ, and that seeks earnestly 
to obey the wishes of our Lord as they 
are recorded in the New Testament. The 
Church of the Brethren was founded on 
this basis and strives to continue along this 
line. Our earnest study of Christ's words 
convinces us that he had one central desire 
for his followers : viz., that the knowledge 
of him, the Son of God, the Light of the 
world, the Eternal Life of souls, should be 

broadcasted and thoroughly taught to 
every soul. 

Have we pursued this ideal ardently 
enough to merit the claim of a New Testa- 
ment church? How many of us personally 
are possessed with this ideal that we are 
doing our best even with our spare time? 
Does the deficit in our general mission 
fund indicate that we are a New Testa- 
ment church? 

The General Mission Board tries to be 
an obedient servant of the church. Our 
India field was not opened until the pres- 
sure from the Brotherhood demanded it. 


The Missionary Visitor 


The opening of the China field came about 
in the same way. The board did not deem 
it wise to enter South China, but sent 
workers there at the direct command of 
the church. The board had not been 
chosen to add Africa to our list of respon- 
sibilities, but a determined movement on 
the part of large groups of young people 
caused the board to believe the sentiment 
in the church demanded an effort in the 
Dark Continent. Now some people declare 
the mission program is too large. Others 
say it by withholding their money. One 
good deacon brother actively encourages 
the members of his church to go easy in 
giving money for missions. He argues that 
the only way to bring the Mission Board 
to time is to withhold money and show 
them that they are going too fast. The 
Mission Board is amenable to the church 
that elects it. It is safe to anticipate that 
the board will interpret the continued 
deficit as a request from the church to slow 
up the mission program. 

But if we do this are we a New Testament 
church? Are we doing more than we 
should? Listen! The Seventh Day Ad- 
•ventists, the United Presbyterians, the 
Evangelical church, the Northern Baptists, 
the Methodist Episcopal, the Reformed, the 
Christian and the Lutheran churches are 
all giving more per member for missions 
than the Church of the Brethren. We lay 
claim to being a denomination of a supe- 
rior brand. And yet we are less consumed 
with Christ's central passion than are 
others. The Mission Board cannot do busi- 
ness on a deficit. All the stirring speeches 
indicating interest will not help the board 
unless they are backed by gifts of prayer 
and money. 

Has a church which is not consumed 
with Christ's central passion a right to 
exist? Certainly not, under the misnomer, 
a New Testament church. If the writer 
were convinced that we were doing as 
much as Christ would expect from us in 
finance the tone of this message could be 

To obey Christ's central Command, we 
must be a church of genuine spiritual 
power. Our simple life, our obedience to 
his ordinances, our earnest intercession in 

prayer will help us attain this. We must 
be carefully and thoroughly organized. 

We need improvement in this respect. Our 
general organization should be simplified. 
Our District organization should be made 
more uniform over the Brotherhood. Our 
local organization should be more closely 
supervised. We are too congregational. 
Every church is a law unto itself. In some 
there is a good organization for missions 
and in others there seems to be no mission 
organization. But it is easy to discover 
faults. We have done too much of this, 
and not in the right spirit. Let us recog- 
nize them, correct them and earnestly 
strive to be, both in spirit and in deed, a 
New Testament church. 

"There's a work of God half done, 
There's the kingdom of his Son, 
There's the triumph just begun, 
Put it through! 

" To you the task is given, 
By you the bolt is driven, 
By the very God of heaven, 
Put it through! " 


Josephine Hanna 

"It is 'Water! Water! Water!' all the 
time ! " 
Should the pump unto the bucket thus 
It might answer, " Much is needed just to 
You to let the Master share his show'rs 
of rain. 

I don't drink the water, I but bear it 

To the famishing the Master fain would 

Likewise it is man's to yield his gold or 

That the dying in the Fount of Life may 


Else, mayhap, the Master, testing him some 
May remove him, while not working, 
from his place. 
Were it more than just, the useless should 
give way 
Unto open channels for God's stores of 



The Missionary Visitor 


A Letter to Visitor Readers 

India, Jan. 27, 1925. 

MOST of you know I left China 
for regular furlough in Decem- 
ber, and have been visiting for one 
month now in India and Ceylon. Mr. Eby, of 
our mission in India, 
has been with me 
most of the time, 
and now I must tell 
you of some of my 

We have spent a 
lot of time seeing 
what missions have 
done and are now 
doing for India. It 
has been a great 
privilege to me to 
get into some of the strongest mission 
centers in Southern and Northern India. 
Even though that impresses me greatly — 
for I have seen some of the results of mass 
movements, and can testify to the way the 
people flock to hear the preaching of the 
Gospel — that is not the only impression. 
Many of the missionaries feel that the best 
has not yet come. They think the Lord is 
preparing the Indians for membership in 
his kingdom. So much for that side, and 
be assured I like to talk about that, but 
there is another side. 

At several places we have gone aside to 
see heathen Hinduism in its strongholds. 
They are only a few hundreds of years from 
human sacrifice. At several places we either 
saw them sacrificing goats or beheld the 
places where it had been done. As we 
stood and looked at them in this and 
noticed the gruesomeness of it all, our 
hearts fairly bled and I felt like running 
away. I also felt as though I really had 
been defiled and wanted to depart quickly 
and have a cleansing bath. As the goat 
was being bought for sacrifice, they quar- 
reled and nearly came to blows over the 
price to be paid for the animal, and then 
quarreling took place again when the man 
who was to sacrifice got his hands on the 
victim. He would not do the sacrifice unless 
a certain sum were promised. The poor 


country worshiper was being fleeced and he 
knew it, but when he promised the price, 
the sacrifice was quickly made and a bit 
of the blood was smeared on the man who 
had paid for the goat. Only he-goats are 

We walked away from this to another 
place, where barren women could pray be- 
fore a goddess. Here again we saw the 
haggling going on. Those coming to pray 
were looked over by those in charge and 
a price was fixed. If they would pay this 
price they would be permitted to pray. One 
poor woman wanted to pray, and she ap- 
parently had only half a rupee. They set 
her price at one rupee and would not al- 
low her to pray till she had put up the 
full amount. I think she borrowed from 
some of her friends. Oh, the blindness of 
such prayers ! This is in the name of re- 
ligion. And yet a lot of people say, " Let 
us not be too hard on them, but try to 
pick out the good they have and build on 
that." Well, so far I have not seen much 
building material. I am willing to use 
building material, but I like for it to be 
the kind that is already washed by the 

At another place we came alongside the 
Ganges River. This is a sacred river to 
the Hindu. I should think it would be, if 
all of the ashes of the dead that have been 
thrown into it had any purifying effect in 
them. Here we floated down the river in 
a boat at Benares and saw literally hun- 
dreds of people bathing in the sacred 
stream. Then a little farther on we saw 
the funeral pyres burning, cremating bodies. 
As soon as they were burned, or partly so, 
they were thown into the river. Here again 
money works. The poor get a very poor 
job of cremating done. The rich can pay 
for more wood, and so they get a good job 
done, and those ashes scatter a lot better 
than the ashes of the poor that are often 
good-sized pieces of bones. 

Near by, on the river side, are many 
costly palaces built by officials in the past. 
People come here and worship in the tem- 
ples and bathe in the Ganges to get merit. 


The Missionary Visitor 



These palaces are much like a grave monu- 
ment in thought, for the people who built 
them wanted to be well remembered when 
dead. If you could see some of the ob- 
scene things that we saw you would wonder 
if there are any real depths to which these 
people will not go in their heathendom. 
The thing that bothers me, though, is how 
they can do this in the name of religion. 
If one's conduct reveals the extent to 

which a man knows God, I can tell you that 
some of these folks certainly know very 
little about God. Is the job about done 
in India? No, NO, and a thousand NOs. 
May the Lord send of his harvesters to 
help garner the grain ! There certainly is 
a great crop here of unharvested grain. 
The Lord is good to us in travel, and we 
thank him from the depths of our hearts. 
Love to all of you. 

A Challenge to the Pastor 

Pastor Scalp Level Church, Pennsylvania 

HAVING been in attendance at the 
sessions of the Foreign Missionary 
Convention which was held in 
Washington, D. C., Jan. 28 to Feb. 2, under 
the direction of the Foreign Mission Boards 
of the United States and Canada, I feel it 
my duty to mention a few of the many 
inspiring and uplifting thoughts which 
came to me as a challenge to more efficient 
leadership in the greatest work of the 
church, foreign missions. I hope that it 
may reach many of the pastors and other 
leaders of the church, who did not have 
the privilege which about eighty members 
of the Church of the Brethren had, and 
that it may be a means of awakening those 
who have their hearts closed to foreign 
missions, and stimulating those who are 
already in this great work, and sending 
all back to their tasks determined to make 
foreign missions the outstanding work of 
their congregation. 

Rev. J. M. Henry, president of Christian 
College, in China, speaking of the signifi- 
cance of Christian education in the evangel- 
izing process, used that familiar proverb of 
the wise man, "Where there is no vision, 
the people perish," around which to build 
his remarks. He stated that a new world 
without Christ is fast advancing. He il- 
lustrated the great value of Christian edu- 
cation in the Orient by showing what has 
been accomplished in the past, stating that 
90% of the 1.000 students on the Canton 
campus come from non-Christian homes, 
but that 80% of those who stay under this 
atmosphere for two years give their lives 

to Christ. It is therefore very necessary 
for Christians to catch the vision of the 
Christ, don the armor of salvation, and 
with the sword of the Spirit in their pos- 
session, go forth to counteract the evil 
forces of the Orient, and thereby turn peo- 
ple from darkness into light. 

Dr. Arthur Judson Brown, speaking on 
"Why Foreign Missions? " gave the follow- 
ing reasons: (1) Christ commanded his dis- 
ciples to go to all the world. (2) Christian 
experience prompts us to help. (3) All 
men need the Gospel we possess. Let each 
one ask himself the question, "What will 
become of me, if I do not do all within 
my power to help make it possible to give 
to all nations the Christ?" (4) We have 
passed the era of provincialism and entered 
the era of cosmopolitanism. We must 
Christianize the heathen, or they will 
paganize us. (5) We want to face the 
whole problem of the church. (6) We 
must Christianize racial relationships. Men 
must be Christian as individuals or pagan 
as nations. (7) The Gospel is adequate. 
He concluded his remarks by saying that 
nothing that is right is impossible, for we 
have God as our Leader. 

I know there are individuals who are 
classed as leaders, who say that they would 
like to have their church contribute to 
foreign missions, but because of the urgent 
home needs, such as a new building or re- 
pairs for the old one, and their own sal- 
aries, which must be met, it will be im- 
possible for them to do much if anything 
just now. In order to help you, if you 



The Missionary Visitor 



BPJJrfrqyr wTIMbW 

Scalp Level (W. Pa.) Mission Study Group 

belong to this group, to solve your seeming 
difficulty. I will relate an experience of a 
certain congregation, as stated by their 

When the congregation called him to be 
their pastor they had a large debt on their 
church. He agreed to accept the call, 
provided they would take on the support 
of a foreign missionary. When they re- 
fused to accept his conditions, he said that 
he would come for a lower salary, if they 
would agree to support a missionary, and, 
as the church debt diminished, they would 
gradually increase his salary. Twelve 
years under these conditions shows the 
church debt erased, the church supporting 
three foreign missionaries and one mis- 
sionary on the home field, and besides the 
pastor's salary has been substantially in- 
creased. Why all this advance in such a 
brief time? Because they had a spiritual 
leader who was interested, and through his 
efforts he got the members to cooperate in 
the greatest work of the kingdom, foreign 

I will relate one other experience, as 
given by the teacher of a men's Sunday- 
school Bible class in the South. He chal- 
lenged the twenty-five men of his class to 
support a foreign missionary, by telling 
them that he would pay half of the sup- 
port himself. Hesitatingly they accepted 
the challenge, and when the first year's 
results were tabulated it was found that 
the teacher had contributed $315 while the 
class had contributed $285. When the time 
came to consider the advisability of con- 

tinuing the support of the missionary, the 
class asked the teacher to withdraw from 
their former agreement, so that they could 
carry the full support themselves. They 
continued their support yearly until they 
were paying, not only $600, but the full 
support of $1,300 per year. Later, when 
their missionary needed an electric oper- 
ating plant, the class purchased the same 
at a cost of $5,000. One night shortly after 
the plant was installed, a man who had 
been injured in an accident was brought 
into the mission room. The light made it 
possible to perform the needed operation 
immediately, thus sparing the man's life. 
This man became a Christian and today is 
a minister of the Gospel. All this has been 
brought about because of the interest of 
one men's Bible class. 

These facts alone should be sufficient to 
challenge every Christian minister and 
leader to a greater interest in foreign mis- 
sions. It should also get individuals, classes, 
and churches to thinking of not only sup- 
porting a missionary to the extent of $500. 
but of providing for his entire support of 
$1,200 or more. Of course, you will not be 
able to induce every one to act favorably 
on the spur of the moment. It will require 
time to educate the people up to this ideal. 
The greatest church efficiency will be pos- 
sible only through a leadership with the 
highest missionary ideals. 

The challenge finally takes upon itself 
this form, that you as a leader are respon- 
sible to put on such a program as will 
make your church a missionary church. 


The Missionary Visitor 



You will want to put on a " School of Mis- 
sions " for eight or ten weeks each year, 
to meet the needs of every age of persons 
in your church. At the conclusion of this 
you will want to give a missionary program, 
which should take on the form of a com- 
mencement. You, as a leader, if you are 
true to missions, will make your plans, so 
that this commencement will not only be 
one of form, but one of reality; one that 
will really be the beginning of greater 

things for Christ and his church. You will 
preach about missions, you will talk about 
missions, and you will take the names of 
the various missionaries of our church, and 
hold them up at a throne of grace, both 
in your private and public devotions. And 
lastly you will plan to make missions the 
first and greatest feature of your yearly 
church budget. Let us keep in mind that 
"the light that shines farthest, shines 
brightest at home." 

A Minister's Impressions of the Washington 


C. F. McKEE 
Pastor Covington, Ohio, Church of the Brethren 

THERE was a forcible suggestion in 
the device arranged for making 
audible the messages of the speak- 
ers. When the speakers stood behind the 
desk, which was electrically equipped and 
connected with the amplifers suspended 
above the platform, their words were heard 
in all parts of the auditorium. If a speaker 
stood at the side or in front of this desk 
his voice was not amplified and his mes- 
sage practically was lost. 

God enlarges and directs the life of the 
minister who is found in the place to which 
he has been called. Side-stepping is los- 
ing contact. 

The new call for followers rather than 
leaders points to the true basis for leader- 
ship and its development. Only a good 
follower of Christ can become a good lead- 
er for him. 

The constant emphasis on spiritual issues 
and reliance on spiritual forces left an 
impression that not only lingers but abides. 
" God's will is not hampered." We need 
faith to " draw on resources hidden in God 
and a readiness to hand ourselves over to 
him for his use." " We will pray you there," 
said a group of natives to a missionary 
starting on a dangerous journey. What 
would happen if one-half of America really 
began to pray? 

Ministers went away with a resolution to 
make more effective use of the Bible, not 
only in private devotion, but also in public 

worship, after listening to the Scriptures read 
in a way that held those large audiences 
virtually spellbound. 

We have become used to discussions on 
power, but many of us ask ourselves if we 
were not like the man who thought he was 
driving up hill, when in reality his rear 
wheels had broken down. The Christian's 
life must be an organ of Christ's Spirit and 
power. We need to learn the art of walk- 
ing among men as revealers and transmit- 
ters of divine life. 

Possession of a message implies a duty 
to propagate it. Let us apply at any cost 
the principles of Jesus to all phases of life. 
We must practice our religion without 
adulterating or toning it down. 

Dr. Axling's report, of the young Japanese 
surgeon who cared for 22,420 cases in six 
months, made us feel that neither ministers 
nor laymen in America have as yet learned 
what devotion and absolute surrender mean. 

We must live and present more than " a 
mild inoculation of Christianity." 

There was a healthy reaction against any 
and all forms of the superiority complex. We 
learned anew that great people are humble. 

But what a call there was for largeness 
of soul! One asked himself, "Am I Jonah? 
How large a fish does it take to swallow 

What about the minister's program? Is 
it adequate? 

There is a temptation to express whole 


The Missionary Visitor 


self in the easiest way and to work for 
the moment instead of for the ages to 

The most difficult time for Christian re- 
ligion may be in the near future. Present- 
ing the Christian enterprise in its largeness 
as a task was suggested by the experience 
of one who asked a man of large affairs 
for an hour of his time and was refused. 
He afterwards asked for three days and was 
given not only three but five days. This 
task calls for fusion of forces and a pool- 
ing of experience as well as ability. All 
our contacts must be Christian. Our funda- 
mental possession is Christ, and our call is 
to give him to all the world. 

This great conference was a call for world 
peace through world evangelism. 

We must plant in the hearts of children 
what we want in the nation. Some one 
used the searching expression, " Disarm the 
hearts." Doors once bolted are now open. 
Nations long in darkness are experiencing 
a new birth. 

The men and women who attended this 
convention came away with a larger vision 
and a sincere desire to be obedient unto 
the vision. 

Our own conviction is that this conference 
will prove to be far-reaching in its effect 
upon the future of the church in its re- 
lation to all problems of the race. It was 
undoubtedly one of the greatest Christian 
assemblies ever held. 

Covington, Ohio. 

What the Deficit Means on the Field 


Missionary to India 

WORD came to us while in our India 
Conference session that the deficit 
was $43,000, I think. Since then it 
is fortunately lessening, and every one 
hopes we shall soon be far on the other 
side of the hill. But at the time, there was 
serious questioning and heart searching. 
Some were even willing to go home and 
go independent till such time as funds will 
allow their resumption of work without 
being a burden to the church. Other no- 
tions prevailed, fortunately; yet in all 
respects the consensus of opinion was that 
the least possible expenditure should be 

This naturally means that the India 
folks are assured of a real deficit at home; 
that they need not think money is over- 
abundant in America ; that the time may 
come when funds from abroad will cease, 
it may be, and that consequently the sooner 
we all set about self-support in earnest, 
the better for all concerned. So there has 
been some blessing. It's an ill wind that 
blows nobody good. 

But there are disadvantages also. In a 
growing work, funds for new buildings, 
bungalows, schools and churchhouses, help- 
ers' quarters, etc., are constantly required. 

If the builder knows definitely that funds 
are forthcoming he can plan his purchasing 
and building when terms are the best, thus 
saving the board a thousand or so. This 
is a real item. 

A deficit may mean that missionary sup- 
port is less than is required for efficiency. 
A missionary does not mind to do or be 
anything, if thereby the cause will move 
forward; but it is entirely possible for 
funds to be so low that one is compelled, 
in order to make ends meet financially, to 
do a whole lot of little things others might 
more cheaply do for him, thus leaving the 
missionary free to attend to the larger 
things. Fortunately, you have missionaries 
who are capable of doing some things, but 
by being tied down to details that must be 
done, this larger work goes undone. 

A deficit means retrenchment in the use 
of native workers. This may mean that 
some baptized folks are not being cared 
for as they used to be, and ought to be. 
Native workers now require more pay than 
they did a few years ago. This means 
fewer workers. Missionaries, whether In- 
dian or foreign, stretch themselves as far 
as they can, naturally; but they have their 


The Missionary Visitor 



limits and dare not run deficits. The work 
is undone, therefore. 

A deficit means allowing the boarding 
schools and training schools to grow small- 
er — not larger, at any rate. Yet the staff 
remains the same, whether foreign or in- 
digenous. This is not encouraging to any- 
one, and is hardly wise. 

A deficit means, as all know, that but 
few workers are called out from home. 
There is no limit to what should be done, 
for the heed is appalling, and fields unoc- 
cupied are yet available. But as long as 
a deficit faces us, and we are cramped fi- 
nancially where we are, why launch out 

"into the deep"; why ask for more work- 
ers from home? 

Some of us feel bad over this deficit. We 
feel bad when we note that our support 
is in arrears, as it is published in the Visi- 
tor. Put the matter straight up to us and 
we would refuse to be a burden on the 
church, I assure you. 

Then what? There is only one thing to 
do — namely, to clear this debt and keep 
clear. Or, if there is an alternative, it 
needs to be put before the missionaries 
fairly and squarely. At least, this is how 
the writer feels. If we seek to know God's 
will, he will guide us in the ordering of 
our lives. 

Dedicating the Fir^t Church of the Brethren 

in Africa 

Missionary to Africa 

THIS is a work to which the whole 
church has been giving prayer, 
thought and money. Quite naturally 
you are interested to know that less than 
five years after Bro. Williams laid down 
his life for Africa the first church was built 
and dedicated to the glory of his Christ 
and ours. This is an event of considerable 
moment to the Church of the Brethren. It 
is the beginning of the establishment of 
many churches in this great untouched 
field of North Central Africa. 

This is not only the first Church of the 
Brethren in what was formerly the ancient 
Bornu Empire, which had a population of 
several millions, but it is the only church 
of our Lord in all this vast area. The 
Mohammedan crescent has been uncon- 
tested here for century after century. And 
now your messengers of the cross have 
established an entrance to the Eternal Em- 
pire of light and love with Jesus Christ as 
King of kings and Lord of lords. 

For the first fourteen months at Garkida 
the central part of the house in which we 
live was our chapel and place of worship. 
It was here that the first sermons in the 
Bura lauguage were preached and the first 

Bible classes were held. These experiences 
make this a sacred room to us. 

Early in this year the need for a larger 
place of worship was apparent and plans 
were made for a building to be used as a 
church, with connected rooms to serve 
both the Sunday-school and the day-school. 
Bro. Kulp was asked to assume the respon- 
sibility for its construction, while the rest 
of us became responsible for other build- 

Plans were made for the dedication of 
the new church early in June, but a heavy 
rain made postponement necessary until 
some further work could be done on the 
building. It was finally decided to dedicate 
the first Church of the Brethren in Africa 
Aug. 3. 

All the missionaries had a part in the 
dedication. Sister Burke led the singing, 
Dr. Burke led in the opening prayer, 
Bro. Kulp led in the dedicatory prayer. 
Sister Helser arranged beautiful bouquets 
of flowers, and the writer preached the 
dedicatory sermon. Needless to say the 
entire service was in Bura, the language 
of our African people. 

Our pagan friends filled the new church, 


The Missionary Visitor 


Dedication Day. Headmen with several school boys at the side who were in attendance 

First Church of the Brethren in Africa. Auditorium just after dedication 


The Missionary Visitor 


listened to the preaching of the Word, and 
entered heartily into the singing of the 
Christian songs. The first sixteen verses 
of the tenth chapter of John were read 
as a Scripture lesson. The text was taken 
from Matt. 9: 36: " But when he saw the 
multitudes, he was moved with compassion 
for them, because they were distressed and 
scattered, as sheep not having a shepherd." 
Jesus must have been looking on just such 
people as our own here. He longed to 
shepherd them, and how his heart must 
yearn for these helpless ones here who are 
distressed and scattered by the enemy of 
their souls ! What a shepherd he is for 
them and for us ! He not only loves his 
sheep and cares for them, but he redeemed 
them at the price of his life. He is the 
Good Shepherd. He maketh his sheep to 

lie down in green pastures (contented), 
he leadeth them beside the still waters 
(satisfied), he restoreth the soul (saved). 
Blessed Jesus, what a Savior! 

After the service the people lingered for 
more than an hour to visit. It is a social 
custom of the Brethren that we hope to 
foster. Pray with us and work with us to 
the end that hundreds may be born into 
the kingdom through the preaching and 
teaching in this house of worship. And 
pray that vision and faith and passion may 
be given to the church and her servants 
here to establish many " cities of refuge " 
in this land of sin and pain. For our Christ 
wants to abolish all sin and pain. Our 
Christ wants to wipe away all tears from 
the eyes of the people of all nations. 

Garkida, Nigeria, West Africa. 

Twenty-four Hours a Day for Twenty-two Years 

A Letter From 

Umalla, District Broach, India, 
18th January, 1925. 
The Mt. Morris Missionary Society, 
Mt. Morris, Illinois. 

Dear Brethren and Sisters and Fellow 
Workers : It is with much gladness and 
with many fond memories of happy days 
spent in your midst that I avail myself of 
this opportunity of greeting you once more 
with a few lines from far-away India. For 
more than twenty-two years your society 
has been loyally giving her material and 
spiritual support to one who often feels 
his unworthiness to receive it. However, it 
is never without a feeling of thankfulness 
and also of obligation, to do my very best, 
that I am trying to be your representative 
of our blessed Lord among India's millions. 
Most surely the Home Mission Board 
appreciates your loyal giving in these times 
of financial uncertainty. While you have 
been loyal to the foreign mission cause 
there is evidence to believe that you have 
not been less loyal to the college in which 
your society was born. Not long ago it 
seemed that the college would have to 
cease to exist. Now, however, comes the 
good news that she is more alive than ever, 
with a bright future before her. Be as- 

D. J. Lichty 

sured that I am intimately concerned in 
all the activities of the society, the church 
and the school, and any news pertaining 
thereto is always received with eagerness 
and thankfulness. Prominent in the organi- 
zation of the Mt. Morris Missionary Society 
was Bro. A. W. Ross, who also has given 
the best years of his life on the India mis- 
sion field. Now he is one of God's disabled 
soldiers, who still longs to be in the battle 
line at the " front." I am sure that with 
us you will remember him in your prayers, 
and doubtless a word of cheer from an old 
comrade occasionally would make his con- 
finement more bearable. 

Concerning the work over here you will 
be interested in knowing that during the 
past year it has advanced in a fairly satis- 
factory manner. Perhaps the year was 
noted above all else for the adjustments 
we attempted to make. First of all we 
operated under a new constitution and 
organization. An unusually large number 
of new missionaries were given full respon- 
sibility in the work. An attempt was made 
to more fully suit our policies and methods 
of work to the spirit of the times as voiced 
in the demand for religious and political 
independence as well as self-expression. 


The Missionary Visitor 


The Vali church. After the morning worship 

Last but not least we had to limit our 
activities to a considerable extent to suit 
the limited financial condition of the Home 
Board. For the present we are taking the 
opportunity of impressing on the Indian 
church the necessity and desirability of a 
more rapid approach towards self-support. 
We truly hope that the lack of finances 
will not long continue to hold up the devel- 
opment of the Anklesvar Industrial Insti- 
tute, which started in with twelve students 
last June, nor the building of a hospital at 
Dahanu, which is quite urgent. It is the 
opinion of the India field that until a better 
financial support is assured the present 
number of missionaries assigned to this field 
should not be increased except for very 
special work. 

It is a thing for which to be profoundly 
thankful, that in these days of political tur- 
moil and national self-consciousness among 
the people of India, the Christian mission- 
ary continues to go about his business un- 
molested and often with the stamp of 
approval on his activities. All over edu- 
cated India, among Hindoos especially, our 
Christ is acclaimed to be the greatest 
Teacher the world has seen. This of course 
is a point of danger as well as for encour- 
agement. This is a good time to show 
them that he was no mere Teacher, but 
in fact " the way, the truth and the life." 
Perhaps when we succeed in making India 

feel the need of a Savior after the instilla- 
tion of a keen sense of sin and helplessness 
they will not only say " my Teacher " but 
also " my Lord and my God." 

This is the touring season of the year. 
All over the mission our evangelists are 
busy proclaiming the good news to the 
people of their respective districts. A good 
bit of effort is also spent in strengthening 
the Christian communities already estab- 
lished in the villages. Here in Rajpipla 
State Bro. Summer with his assistants is 
working the villages of the northeastern 
part of the state where no Christian worker 
has ever set foot. He reports that the 
people are very friendly and hear the 
Word with gladness. Miss Ziegler is mov- 
ing about the Christian communities of the 
state. Sister Lichty and myself are mostly 
taken up with boarding school work, but 

Sister Anna (Eby) Lichty, and Sunder, a 
Bible woman 


The Missionary Visitor 



A Class of Vyara Boarding School Girls 

we have found time to make several visits 
to the villages. During Christmas vacation 
we spent a week in a section from where 
a good many of our most promising board- 
ing-school boys come. In the evangelistic 
services the boys rendered valuable help 
with their songs and personal witness. We 
could sympathize with their eagerness to 
have us visit their homes, when we remem- 
bered how we used to feel when " teacher 
came to our house to stay all night." 

About a week after our return home 
from this trip a prominent Bhil of one of 
the villages we had visited, begged me to 
return in order to baptize himself and wife. 
Having been somewhat addicted to the 
drink habit he accompanied this request 
wi:h a written promise that he would from 
that day touch no more liquor, and this 
writing also was attested by several good 
witnesses. To reach his village my own 
conveyance took me three miles to our 
railway depot. The little train on the 
narrow gauge railway took me twelve 
miles in one hour, as far as Jaghadia. 
Here I was met by a man sent with an 
oxcart by "mine host." In the afterglow of 
a glorious sunset my driver jolted me over 
seven miles of deep rutted road, through 
ripening fields of cotton and occasional 
patches of kaffir corn, with now a deep 
ravine to cross with its steep descending 

and ascending approaches, and again here 
and there stretches of scrub brush jungle, 
landing me at my destination just as the 
full-orbed moon rose over the distant Raj- 
pipla hills. Quite an assembly of Christians 
of that and another near-by village, besides 
Bhils and a few high-caste guests, had 
already gathered to share in the welcome of 
the padri sahab and to profit from the forth- 
coming services. After refreshments were 
served we gathered for a prayer service in 
the commodious new house of our host. 
A sermon was then preached from Rom. 
7: 14-25, in which Christ was held up as 
the only means by which a man can over- 
come ever-present sin. Following this, 
right up till the wee hours of the itight, 
with the accompaniment of drums, cym- 
bals and stringed instruments, they passed 
the time in joyful song and praise. In the 
morning service the lesson was taken from 
the text, " This day hath salvation come 
to this house." From the experiences of 
Zaccheus the publican, of Cornelius the 
centurion, and the Philippian jailer, com- 
parisons were made with the occasion 
which had brought us together, while the 
conditions of salvation also were set forth. 
Since the brother to be baptized had such 
a large house and was fairly well-to-do 
he was urged to open his house for the 
meeting of the saints, and was shown how 



The Missionary Visitor 


in various ways he might render good 
service to Christ and his people. The bap- 
tism occurred in the presence of many wit- 
nesses in the stream of clear water flowing 
close by the village. After the noon meal 
I was taken back to the railway, and the 
whole trip was completed in about twenty- 
seven hours after leaving home the previous 
day. I should not forget to state that those 
who were baptized are the parents of one 
of our best boarding-school boys. 

Since you will be able to learn the facts 
concerning our boarding school somewhat 
in detail from the Annual Report to be 
published in the June Missionary Visitor, 
I need not record them here. Suffice it 
to say that we very much enjoy our life 
here among the boys and their teachers 
as well as in the Christian community of 
this place. It is a wonderful opportunity 
as well as responsibility that we have to 
train more than a hundred young lives for 
Christian service in a country where as yet 
very few of the people realize at all the 
possibilities of noble character and achieve- 
ment wrapped up in the youth of this land. 

In our staff of native workers there are 
seven teachers, all of whom have had one 
or more years' training in the Government 
Training School or else in a good high 
school. There is the house father, who 
manages the dormitories and the feeding 
of the boys. He also manages the boarding 
farm and garden, to the decided profit of 
the mission. Whatever of success is made 
in the school is due mostly to the devoted 
cooperation of these helpers. You will 
please not cease to pray for us, that we 
may fulfill our every obligation to these 
boys and to those who, in the homeland, 
by their support, make it possible for them 
to be in school. 

I am hoping that ere long we may have 
the pleasure of receiving a good long mes- 
sage from your society. May the Lord 
richly bless you in all good work. 

Mrs. E. L. Ikenberry 
Show Yang 

During the Week of Evangelism four women and 
two girls went out daily to witness for Christ. 
They met each morning for prayer and to talk 
over the previous day's work; then dividing into 

two groups they proceeded to the homes of the 
city, where they taught and associated with the 
women. In all they taught in sixty-six homes. 
No record was kept of the number reached, but 
there were always from three to ten women in 
to hear. Many of them listened to the story of 
Jesus for the first time. It was a big blessing 
to those who heard the teaching and a bigger 
one to those who taught. All were very enthusiastic 
over their efforts. .J8 

Feb. 13 the Bible School opened after the Chinese 
New Year holidays. We did not encourage new 
students to enter at this time, and so still have 
only six women enrolled. Two of them are finding 
it hard to attend school this term— one because 
of sickness in the home and the other because 
she has nothing to help her " pass the days " (no 
food money). It is a real sacrifice for some of 
these women to learn to read. 

Show Yang Boys' School opened again after 
the New Year's vacation. Although the superin- 
tendent of the school had threatened them with 
fines if they were not here on the opening day, 
Feb. 13, several of the students and even two or 
three of the teachers were absent. Various excuses 
for being detained at home two or three days 
longer were forthcoming. However, we are glad 
to see them when they do come. We trust that 
you will all pray with us, that this half year in 
our school may result in many of them becoming 
sincere witnesses for Jesus Christ, wherever they 
find themselves in the future. 

We are sorry to report that many of the stu- 
dents did not return after the New Year's vacation. 
The actual number of pupils is less than it had 
been for several years. One almost needs a mi- 
croscope to find them in our big school building. 
This section of our mission field in China is not 
interested in literary education. Compulsory edu- 
cation has caused a rapid development of govern- 
ment schools. Economic pressure eliminates many 
who would like to get a little learning. However, 
the value and fruits of a Christian school do not 
depend on the number of students enrolled. A 
small enrollment increases opportunities for per- 
sonal contact and influence. Although this makes 
the cost of educating each individual much higher, 
it may result in greater gains for the kingdom. 

" Our outstation school at Yu Hsien opened Feb. 
19. Although we have adopted a new policy in 
respect to this school, making it more nearly self- 
supporting, the very first forenoon found more 
students enrolled here than in our main school. All 
their fees were paid in advance, too. This is a 
day-school and not a boarding-school. All the 
teachers are Christians. This school should have 
a very prosperous year."— W. H. S. 


The Feast of Lanterns brought a crowd of curious 
visitors to the mission compound. The people of 
Show Yang enjoy being entertained, and we are 
trying to lend ourselves to this in order to pro- 
vide greater opportunity for contact. They come 
for miles in order to look over the foreign com- 


The Missionary Visitor 


pound and residences. We entertain them and 
when we go to their villages we find a ready- 
reception into their homes. They gradually get 
confidence in us and finally we hope to bring them 

to the Savior. 


Bro. Heisey and some of the evangelists have 
gone out to the western side of Yii Hsien County. 
Reports indicate that the people are receiving them 
gladly. In one village over forty people have 
signified their desire to become enquirers. As yet 
there are no Christians in this village. There are 
a few Catholics in the surrounding villages. We 
praise God for these encouraging reports. In one 
village the people are repairing a large temple 
this year. Through the preaching and personal 
work of the Christian group, sentiment is being 
created against their idol worship, and protests 
are being made against this useless expenditure 
of money. One of the leading men has been moved 
upon to the extent that he has proposed supporting 
a dispensary in their village. Outside villages have 
contributed to the repair of the temple, and it is 
evident that the plans to repair the present temple 
will carry, but we trust that next year they will 
be able to do something practical with their money. 
The Lord is working in their hearts. 

♦> ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦ ♦ . . T 

•»£+ The village of Chang Han sent in a repre- j£ 

*$* sentative, requesting that we come to them ♦*«. 

A and preach the Gospel. They will furnish *I* 

V everything, asking that we send them a ^ 
*$* preacher twice a month. In anticipation -£♦ 
•A- they have bought several song books and *** 

V Bibles. As yet we have been unable to go J> + 
A to them. The evangelists are now reorganiz- *t* 
♦£■ ing their work, so as to be able to meet *£ 

** some of these requests. 

Ping Ting 

The evangelistic tent is again on the move. The 
following program of a day with the tent may 
prove interesting: Before breakfast the workers 
(two Chinese women evangelists, four Chinese 
men evangelists, a foreign doctor and Mr. O. C. 
Sollenberger) have their devotional service, and 
after breakfast morning prayers for all who care 
to come, generally workers and members of the 
community. This is followed by a preaching hour 
and the teaching of phonetic script to those who 
care to learn. The children are taught to sing 
songs, pray the Lord's prayer, and repeat Scripture 
verses. Then the doctor has an hour before dinner 
to see the sick who come to the tent. After the 
dinner hour there is a special meeting for the men, 
which is followed by one for women. In the 
evening there is preaching, or lantern pictures are 
shown and explained. »j 

During the Chinese New Year season the evan- 
gelistic department observed the National Evan- 
gelistic Week. Schoolgirls before they went home 
for their vacation inquired what they could do 
at home, and suggestions were given them. Those 
here — men, women, girls and boys — went out every 
morning to teach and preach, and explained health 

charts that were made for the purpose. We hope 
and pray that good may result. 

The medical work has picked up rapidly since the 
close of the New Year festivities. People now find 
time to have their diseases cured. The hospital 
force has been busier than it had been for weeks. 
All wards were opened again and every bed in 
the men's side was filled within a few days. The 
absence of our Chinese doctor has added consider- 
ably to the work, not only in caring for the sick 
but also in teaching in the Nurses' Training School. 

Tai Yuan 

The various colleges and the university of the 
city are now opening for the second term after 
their long Chinese New Year's vacation. Most of 
the Bible classes among the students begin at this 
time. However, one class was carried on clear 
through the vacation. _ 

Our work at Tai Yuan is growing, and this month 
we added two new workers to our staff of native 
workers. Mr. Wang, a man of several years' 
experience in evangelistic work, will assist Pastor 
Chao, since the duties have become too heavy for 
one man. As too much of our Bible woman's time 
was taken up with the Popular Education School, 
so that she was unable to do the visiting and 
teaching among the women, Miss Liu, one of the 
promising graduates of our Ping Ting Girls' School, 
has been secured to assist in the work. 

The other day when several Chinese women were 
going through one of the homes here to see how 
the foreigner lived, the Chinese woman who helps 
in that home was overheard to explain that the 
foreigner has a very hot stomach. They drink 
several bottles of cold water every day. The Chi- 
nese stomach is cold, and that is why they have 
to drink so much hot tea every day to keep warm. 

Tai Yuan has a Y. M. C. A., but not a Y. W. 
C. A. It does, however, have an organization that 
has a purpose similar to the Y. W. C. A. This 
organization is called the Women's Institute. Its 
purpose is to reach the higher classes of Chinese 
women. There contacts are made with officials' 
wives and other women who are very hard to 
reach. A good many of the Chinese members 
are not Christian, but know of Christianity. Every 
week a devotional service is held after the regular 
program for those who care to attend. Our Bible 
woman, Mrs. Chang, whose husband formerly was 
an official here in Tai Yuan, has led this once. 
She has a great opportunity in her contacts there. 
Mrs. Ikenberry is also teaching music to one of 
the members. »g 

Miss Ullom was at Show Yang for a few days. 
We notice it when one of our number leaves, as 
there are only five at this station. 



The Missionary Visitor 


Liao Chow 

Vacation is over, the students have returned, and 
again we are in the midst of student activities. 
Over thirty new students have enrolled in the 
Boys' School, these ranging in work from the 
primary grades to middle school. 

The Women's Bible School now has an enroll- 
ment of twenty, but is planning on thirty before 
the spring term closes, jg 

The folks attending the Educational Conference 

at Peking report a good meeting. One of the in- 
teresting subjects discussed was the relation of 
the mission schools to the government schools. 

The work in the hospital is picking up again, 
as the patients during Chinese New Year must go 
home, whether able or not. 

Bro. Bright, from Pingting, is again with us, 
helping to get ready to install the water system 
in the hospital and looking over the work prepara- 
tory to changing the Boys' and Girls' Schools. 

The Nanty Glo Church 

MRS. J. E. 

THE Nanty Glo Church of the Breth- 
ren was organized as a separate 
congregation under the direction 
and control of the District Mission Board 
of the Church of the Brethren of Western 
Pennsylvania, by Elders E. M. Detwiler 
and S. P. Early, March 6, 1922. Eld. Det- 
wiler previously had been appointed by the 
board to serve as elder in charge of the 
newly-formed congregation. 

Prior to this organization a Sunday- 
school had been in operation, and preaching 
services had been conducted by various 
brethren of Johnstown and vicinity. These 
services had been held for the most part 
in Schaeffer's Hall. 

A very successful revival effort was con- 
ducted in the spring of 1923 under the 
leadership of Evangelist John R. Snyder of 
Huntingdon, Pa. These services were held 
in the Baptist church of the town, through 
the courtesy of their pastor and people. 

Bro. Kenneth Bechtel served the congre- 
gation as pastor during the summer of 1922. 
In September of the same year Bro. Stan- 
ley B. Noffsinger took charge of the work 
and served the congregation till June 1, 
1924. The present pastor, Bro. G. E. 
Weaver, assumed charge Nov. 1, 1924. 

From the inception of the work it was 
apparent that the various places of meet- 
ing were very unsatisfactory. Through the 
growth of the work these places proved 
inadequate. That the efforts might not be 


handicapped it was decided during the 
summer of 1923 to provide a church home 
for the congregation, both the church and 
the District Mission Board concurring in 
this action. 

At a meeting of the committee in Jan- 
uary, C. R. Dilling was selected as builder, 
and the structure was begun the same 

The church was dedicated April 27, 1924. 
At present there are sixty-five members 
and a splendid Sunday-school, which is 
growing rapidly. 

G. E. Weaver, Pastor of the Nanty Glo Church 

144 The Missionary Visitor ™£J 

| | 

X 1* 

The Conference Offering f 

% May is the month for a great CONFERENCE OFFERING. 

% % 

f Every congregation is asked to send a liberal offering to Winona * 

* Lake at Conference time, June 1 to 12. Or send the offering to % 
| Clyde M. Culp, Treasurer, Elgin, 111. t 

t I 

£ The general promotion of the church for the year beginning J 

$ March 1, 1925, requires $380,000. This amount is to be used as $ 

t follows: % 

*i* X 

4* Ratio of *£ 

*; Cooperating Agencies Askings division <* 

Mission Board $ 353,000 .9284 % 

f Sunday School Board 12,000 .0316 f 

% Educational Board 5,000 .0131 

a Ministerial Board 4,000 .0104 % 

f Welfare Board 4,000 .0104 f 

% American Bible Society 1,000 .0025 % 

4 Music Committee 500 .0013 

f Tract Committee 500 .0013 f 

*- * 

f TOTAL $380,000 1.0000 * 

f * 

* Even though you may have a plan for regular giving during the 
year, let every member of the church preserve the splendid custom 

* of a liberal gift to be handed in at the Monday afternoon missionary |* 

% meeting of the Conference. J 

% The general work of the church, done by the Boards cooperating %. 

% with the Council of Promotion, costs $3.50 per member for one year. % 

% We who have been blessed with health and work have an % 

a ♦it- 
opportunity to help bear the work of those who are weak. We are 

sorry that some do not love their Lord enough to do their part, and <* 

f so the willing giver has the chance to do double duty and receive a 

* double blessing. * 

This is the work of the church — to establish the Gospel, the 

* Word of God, to make Christ, who is the Son of God and the way * 
*| of eternal life, known and loved. |* 
|* Our church has its many departments of work, but they are all % 

% contributing to * 

* f 

The Supreme Work of the Church— Missions | 

i t 

% Let us make this offering an increasingly large testimony of our faith in, *£ 

<* and love for, Christ and the church! Let everybody share in it as the Lord f 

has prospered him. The Lord is worthy of our largest gift and will bless * 

♦> the smallest. ♦> 

i % 


The Missionary Visitor 



©1?? G00rk?ra' Gnrtwr 

The editor invites helpful contributions for this department 
of the Visitor 


The Daleville Academy Volunteer Group 

are active in good work. They conduct a 
Sunday-school at a mission chapel about 
three miles away. They have preaching 
there twice each month. In a revival last 
December six were added to the church. 
Deputation teams were out among the 
churches last fall and also this spring. 

The Northern Indiana District Sunday- 
school Secretary, Mrs. A. G. Purkey. is 
earnestly endeavoring to enlist the children 
of her District in the plan for Brethren 
boys and girls to help build the Dahanu 
Hospital in India. She suggests that girls 
in the cities can make candy and sell it to 
earn money. Children who cannot earn 
money can at least sacrifice some of their 
ice-cream and candy money for the good 
cause. The use of mite boxes would help. 

Here Is Baby News from Africa. — Gar- 
kida. Nigeria, West Africa— Dear Friends: 
Just to let you know that I arrived Feb. 
7. 1925. that I weigh 6 pounds. 7 ounces, 
that daddy and mother call me Esther 
May Helser. 

Missionaries returning to America on 
furlough, and their home addresses are 
as follows : India: E. H. Eby, Summerneld, 
Kans.. care of J. G. Eby; Mrs. Emma H. 
Eby. Carlisle, Xebr., care of A. M. Horner; 
Howard L. Alley, Rt. 3, Staunton. Va., care 
of Levi C. Alley; Mrs. Hattie Z. Alley, 
Fredericksburg. Berthaville Star Route, Ya., 
care of I. A. Miller; Miss Ida C. Shumaker, 
Meyersdale, Pa., care of Mrs. Lydia E. Shu- 
maker, 323 Front St.; Miss Sara Replogle, 
New Enterprise, Pa., care of Mrs. Andrew 
S. Replogle. China: Frank H. Crumpacker, 
McPherson, Kans., care of S. P. Crum- 
packer; Mrs. Anna N. Crumpacker, Nampa, 
Idaho, care of J. D. Newland, 1003-lOth 
Avenue S. ; Miss Minerva Metzger, Ross- 
ville, Ind., care of A. C. Metzger; Miss 
Winnie Cripe, Bremen. Ind., care of Charles 
C. Cripe; Samuel B. Bowman, Quinter. 

Kans., care of D. F. Bowman; Mrs. Pearl 
S. Bowman, Conway Springs, Kans., care 
of John H. Stauffer. The Misses Ida Shu- 
maker and Sara Replogle arrived in New 
York April 18, on the S. S. Laconia, of the 
Cunard S. S. line. j| 

Wenatchee Valley Church of the Breth- 
ren School of Missions. — The Wenatchee 
Yalley Church of the Brethren has just 
concluded her first six weeks' School of 
Missions. The church is enthusiastic with 
results. A glow of missionary fervor was 
released. The undergirders of a sound 
and healthy missionary life in our congre- 
gation we feel has been strengthened. We 
used "Kingdom and the Nations " for 
Adults ; " Our Missions Abroad " for both 
the young people and the intermediates ; 
"Primary Folks at Mission Study" for 
juniors and primaries. The largest attend- 
ance was 275; the smallest, 175 ; the average, 
225. A splendid program was given by the 
several departments, directly following the 
school. To see the thoroughness of the 
work done was heartening. Much of the 
success of the school is due to the energetic 
and capable leadership of our mission sec- 
retary, Bro. Frank Baldwin, who serves 
as superintendent of the school. He was 
ably assisted by Bro. John Graybill. who 
had charge of the adults; Bro. David 
Schechter the young people : Sister O. V. 
Sellars the intermediates. Sister Frank 
Herrick the juniors and Sister Ray Weimer 
the primaries. Ira J. Lapp. 


Church Schools of Missions have been 
conducted in many congregations during 
the winter just past. The future missionary 
enthusiasts will come from those groups 
that have made missions a study. Word 
from the Morrellville church, Pa., indicated 
their plans for a school. Some people fear 
that a Church School of Missions is too 
large an undertaking for them. Such a 
school is conducted like a Sunday-school, 


The Missionary Visitor 



only there are not so many classes. It is 
the whole church engaging for a period of 
six weeks in a study of missions. The 
book, " Our Missions Abroad," was used by 
nearly all the schools the past winter. It 
is adapted for different ages. Most schools 
have their classes on Sunday evening, either 
using the whole evening or else a period 
of an hour previous to the church service. 
The classes can be conducted so that visitors 
dropping in at the church will enjoy the 
discussion. The most successful schools 
require careful advance preparation. Begin 
now to plan for a good school early next 
fall. Write H. Spenser Minnich, Mission- 
ary Educational Secretary, Elgin, 111., for 
suggestions. State your particular situation, 
and suggestions to fit your case may be given. 

Washington, March 15. — George W. 
Wickersham, attorney general of the 
United States under President Taft, will 
lead the church forces in their fight against 
war the next four years. He has just 
accepted the chairmanship of the Commis- 
sion on International Justice and Goodwill 
of the Federal Council of Churches, accord- 
ing to an announcement made public today. 
Through the Commission on International 
Justice and Goodwill and similar commis- 
sions in various denominations, the churches 
are engaged in a constructive fight to secure 
an eventually warless world. 

Thirty-eight States earned places on the 
Roll of Honor by being free from lynchings 
last year, according to a statement recently 
issued by the Federal Council's Commission 
on Race Relations. The definition of lynch- 
ing is taken up in the statement. Ten States 
— one more than last year — "bore the black 
shame of lynchings." Though one more 
State had lynchings than in 1923, the num- 
ber of mob murders was cut in half. Lead- 
ers point out, however, that four lynchings 
have been recorded so far in 1925, and that 
there must be increased efforts on the part 
of the churches and governmental author- 
ities against this type of lawlessness. Three 
new States appear on the roll of honor 
this year: Arkansas, Oklahoma, and Vir- 
ginia. The names of four States have been 
removed because of one lynching in each 

during the year. They are Illinois and 
Kentucky, which had been free from 
lynchings for two years, and South Caro- 
lina and Tennessee, which had a clear 
record in 1923. This shows, according to 
officials of the commission, that the aboli- 
tion of lynching can be achieved. The 
number of victims of lynching in 1924 was 
16, the lowest number since records of the 
evil have been kept, according to a state- 
ment in a pamphlet by Professor Monroe 
M. Work, of Tuskegee Institute, Tuskegee, 
Ala., soon to be published by the Commis- 
sion on Race Relations. 

Dec. 31, 1924, Closed the Tenth Full Year 
of Medical Work at Ping Ting Chow.— A 

little comparison of the first year with the 
tenth is interesting. The last year there 
were more than double the dispensary 
treatments given, and more than twice the 
number of hospital patients. The local 
receipts were about eight times more than 
the first year. (This does not include food 
receipts, either the first year or the tenth 
year.) Then there was one foreign doctor 
with two graduate Chinese nurses. Last 
year there were one Chinese and two 
foreign doctors, three foreign nurses and 
nineteen pupil nurses. Then we had only 
rented Chinese quarters, which were very 
poorly adapted to medical work. Now we 
have a well-equipped hospital, which can 
take care of 50 men and 25 women patients. 
In the evangelistic work, a few more have 
entered the church this last year than the 
first, but the biggest difference in this 
respect is in the quality. — Dr. F. J. Wamp- 
ler. je & 


The General Mission Board met in its 
regular spring session from 8 A. M. April 
14 until 10 A. M. April 16, having two eve- 
ning sessions. The writer feels it was one 
of the most thorough Board meetings he 
ever attended, for unusual consideration 
was given to every subject. Among the 
items of business of interest to the General 
Brotherhood are the following: 

Problems on the Mission Field. The 
China Mission several months ago presented 
to the Board some of its problems. The 



The Missionary Visitor 


Board, not feeling to take the responsi- 
bility in solving them, plans to seek the 
advice of Standing Committee at the com- 
ing Conference. 

Plans of the Volunteers. Some of the 
volunteers at Bethany Bible School feel 
that, since the way is not open for them 
to go to the foreign field, they still must 
be of service in some way at home. They 
are offering themselves for service this 
summer and the Board will cooperate with 
them in plans by which they may be help- 
ful in missionary work. 

India Missionary Supports. At the be- 
ginning of 1924, when finances were so 
short, the India missionaries, with a splen- 
did spirit of sacrifice, requested that their 
supports be decreased in order to help the 
home church. The Board feels that the 
sacrifices which the India missionaries 
made are detrimental to the work, and so 
increased their supports to $500 each per 
3'ear, beginning with 1925. 

New Residence Property in China. The 
Board authorized the purchase of a large 
residence at Tai Yuan, the capital of Shansi 
Province, where we are working in China. 
This is the first residence property ac- 
quired there. The opportunity to work in 
the capital city of the province presents 
a strategic opportunity. Our best young 
men who are brought up in our other sta- 
tions frequently go to Tai Yuan for work, 
and to have a good strong church there 
is important. 

Excellent India Financial System. Under 
the direction of the very capable treasurer, 
Bro. Lynn Blickenstaff, in India, the mis- 
sion has presented to the Board this year 
a financial report without a single deficit 
and a statement of funds that is amazingly 
accurate and well kept. The Board ex- 
pressed its appreciation to the India Mis- 

The Dahanu Hospital, India. This hos- 
pital, so urgently needed, was granted at 
a previous meeting, subject to ability to 
secure the money, 32.000 rupees (about 
$11,000). This project has been proposed 
to the children of the Brotherhood, and 
the response is so good that the Board felt 
they could safely tell the India mission to 
proceed without delay to build this hos- 

pital unit. The children are earning and 
saving money during 1925 for this cause. 

Book and Tract Endowments. In 1904 
certain book and tract endowments were 
joined with the world-wide mission endow- 
ment fund. This did not seem to have 
been the wise thing, and the Board ordered 
set apart in a definite book and tract en- 
dowment fund, $28,055.68. 

The Treasurer's Report. The Board 
accepted the report of the treasurer for 
the year which ended Feb. 28, which will 
be published in the June Missionary Visitor. 
The Board still has a deficit in its cash 
operating account. Its endowment funds 
have grown during the year. We have 
reasons to believe that there will be a 
normal, healthy growth in mission receipts 
from now on. 

Special Mission Gifts to China. The 
Board had opportunity to express appre- 
ciation to three consecrated members of 
the church who have made special gifts 
for work in China. One gift was for $100, 
another for $1,000, and a third for $3,000. 

India Budget for 1926. The Board ap- 
proved a budget of $153,413 for India for 
1926. This is a slight increase over 1925. 
The India field realized so keenly the 
financial problem of the home church that 
they had made sweeping reductions. A real 
loss is being incurred by the discontinuance 
of certain phases of the work, and so the 
Board has authorized and increased the 
budget so they can more nearly care for 
each department of their work. 

A Hospital for Africa. The Board 
granted general approval for a hospital in 
Africa, and asked the secretary to study 
the question, including the permanent loca- 
tion where a hospital should be built, as 
well as the means of securing the funds. 

Grants for District Mission Boards. The 
Board felt to be exceedingly generous in 
making grants to Districts for home mis- 
sion work. However, in each instance, 
money that is thus granted is to be used 
only in case the type of work to be done 
comes up to a certain standard and is very 
well supervised. Our home mission secre- 
tary, Bro. M. R. Zigler, is devoting his 
time cooperating with District Boards, so 
that greater results can be obtained. Grants 


The Missionary Visitor 


of money were made to Southeastern Kan- 
sas, Florida, Oklahoma, Missouri, and 
grants are in contemplation for three or 
four other Districts, subject to well-pre- 
pared plans for the use of such money. 

Church Building Loans. A number of 
churches have requested money as loans 
for building churchhouses. The Board's 
funds for this purpose are so limited that 
not nearly so much help can be given as 
is needed. 

Greene County School, Virginia. The 
Board approved Brother and Sister Orville 
Horsch for service in the Greene County 

To Aged Ministers. Three aged minis- 
ters were granted a monthly allowance 
from the Ministerial Relief Fund. 

The Gish Book Committee. Bro. J. E. Mil- 
ler was reelected member of the Gish Book 
Committee, his time to expire 1928. The 
other two members are, J. W. Lear, 1926, 
and Edward Frantz, 1927. 

Student Volunteer Report. Bro. L. A. 
Dudrow, traveling secretary of the Stu- 
dent Volunteers, presented a splendid re- 
port of the student volunteers. The move- 
ment is trying very hard to discover their 
point of service, since only a limited num- 
ber of them can be used in foreign service 
because of inadequate funds. 

The South China Mission Effort. The 
Board has endeavored to carry out the 
requests of Conference in the South China 
field. The Board asked the president and 
secretary to prepare a special report for 
Conference, regarding the status of the 
work there. 

Missionary Education. The educational 
secretary, Bro. H. Spenser Minnich, made 
a report to the Board, showing that the 
educational plans for this year, providing 
for the distribution of brief mission-fact 
leaflets in the churches, are well accepted. 
Nearly 650 churches are now using these 
leaflets each month. Many Church Schools 
of Missions have been in progress during 
the winter. The children are engaging in 
a wonderful way in some method of earn- 
ing money to help build the Dahanu Hos- 
pital in India. 

The chairman of the Board, in his brief 
address to the Board members, indicated 

the seriousness and the far-reaching effect 
on millions of people, of the decisions of 
the Board. He said that we certainly can- 
not succeed in this great undertaking un- 
less the Lord be with us and his guidance 
sought every step of the way. 

Tibetan Folk Tales, A. L. Shelton; Doran, 
$2. Dr. and Mrs. A. L. Shelton lived and 
traveled in Tibet for many years, coming 
into very intimate touch with that strange, 
far-off people on the "roof of the world." 
Dr. Shelton gathered the folk tales of this 
volume in many out-of-the-way places and 
in unusual and often thrilling situations. 
The stories possess an exotic flavor and a 
delicate and whimsical fancy rarely to be 
found. They will delight both old and 
young. The artist has happily pictured 
the strange atmosphere of the land and its 
people in her illustrations. Mrs. Shelton 
selected and arranged the material for this 
volume after the tragic death of Dr. Shel- 
ton at the hands of Tibetan bandits. 

Whither Bound in Missions, Daniel J. 
Fleming, Ph. D., Council of Christian As- 
sociations ; $2, cloth ; $1, paper. 

Here is a book that the student of mis- 
sions should read. It brings the new prob- 
lems in the furtherance of the mission task 
up to date. While it is likely not to re- 
ceive full assent of the reader to all sug- 
gestions made in the consideration of these 
problems, it will stimulate thought, which is 
far better. 

Dr. Fleming shows that the West is yet 
a part of the non-Christian world, so far 
as the achievement of its ideals is con- 
cerned in many departments of its life. This 
fact is then presented as one to be reckoned 
with in our effort to evangelize the na- 
tions. The author gives a strong plea for 
us to discover the good that is manifest in 
those to whom we go — and only those who 
can go as friends and servants without any 
sense of superiority will suceeed in their 

Of course there is much emphasis on the 
social side of missions. And if this were 
the only fruit of our mission program, there 
are parts of the book that would make one 



The Missionary Visitor 


feel none too hopeful of the outlook. But 
amid the most unexpected social discourage- 
ments, Jesus is calling to himself men and 
women, who in turn are transforming com- 
munities and nations! C. D. B. 

The Kingdom Without Frontiers, Hugh 
Martin; Macmillan Co., $1. 

On a certain Jewish synagogue appear 
the suggestive words, " My house shall be 
a house of prayer for all nations." These 
words sum up a culminating ideal that was 
reached through slow processes of Jewish 
history. Christianity, the flower of Judaism, 
looks forward to the day when " there shall 
be one fold and one shepherd." If you 
wish to trace the path by which Jehovah 
led men to the perception of the ideal of 
the kingdom of God and to feel the 
challenge of that ideal to you, read the 
" Kingdom Without Frontiers," by Hugh 
Martin, literature secretary of the Student 
Christian Movement. The book clearly and 
effectively sets forth the missionary pur- 
pose and progress running throughout the 
Bible. The reader will find its 91 pages in- 
teresting, readable, and thought-provoking. 

C. E. D. 
-J* Jl 

Missionary Program Material 
An Exercise for Twelve Children 
E. F. R. C. 

Directions. — Have on the platform a 
small box, two or three feet square, filled 
with earth and moss, with a money-box 
planted in the center, the top with its open- 
ing just even with the surface. Let the 
children, as they go upon the platform, one 
by one, drop a cent into the money-box, 
stooping as if planting a seed; then, after 
reciting the text assigned, take their place 
in a semicircle. 

First Child. — The kingdom of God is as 
if a man should cast seed into the ground. 
Mark 4: 26. 

Second. — The seed is the Word of God. 
Luke 8: 11. And this is the word which 
by the Gospel is preached unto you. 1 Pet. 
1: 25. 

Third. — It is like a grain of mustard seed, 
less than all the seeds that be in the earth, 
but when it is sown it groweth up and 
becometh greater than all herbs. Mark 4: 
31, 32. 

Fourth. — For as the rain cometh down 

from heaven, and watereth the earth, and 
maketh it bring forth and bud, that it may 
give seed to the sower, and bread to the 
eater, so shall my word be that goeth forth 
out of my mouth: it shall not return unto 
me void. Isa. 55: 10, 11. 

Fifth.— The field is the world. Matt. 13: 

Go ye into all the world, and preach 
the gospel to every creature. Mark 16: 15. 

Sixth. — Blessed are ye that sow beside 
all waters. Isa. 32: 20. 

Seventh. — In the morning sow thy seed, 
and in the evening withhold not thine hand; 
for thou knowest not whether shall prosper, 
this or that, or whether they both shall 
be alike good. Eccles. 11: 6. 

Eighth. — But I say, He which soweth 
sparingly, shall reap also sparingly; and he 
which soweth bountifully, shall reap also 
bountifully. 2 Cor. 9: 6. 

Ninth. — They that sow in tears shall reap 
in joy. Psa. 126: 5. 

Tenth. — He that goeth forth and weepeth, 
bearing precious seed, shall doubtless come 
again with rejoicing, bringing his sheaves 
with him. Psa. 126: 6. 

Eleventh. — The harvest truly is plenteous, 
but the laborers are few. Pray ye there- 
fore the Lord of the harvest, that he will 
send forth laborers into his harvest. Matt. 
9: 37, 38. 

Twelfth. — Now he that ministereth seed 
to the sower, multiply your seed sown, 
and increase the fruits of your righteous- 
ness. 2 Cor. 9: 10. 

All together. — And let us not be weary in 
well doing; for in due season we shall reap, 
if we faint not. Gal. 6: 9. 

[Let the speakers step forward to recite, and 
then return to their places in the semicircle.] 

" He who works in the field of the world 
Must work with a faith sublime; 
For the seed he sows must lie in the earth, 
And wait for God's good time." 
" But nevertheless the harvest is sure, 
Though the sower the sheaves may not 
For never a word was spoken for him, 
But will ring through eternity." 
" A child a penny gave — 

With it a tract was bought; 
By this a heathen chief 

Was to the Savior brought. 


The Missionary Visitor 


"A little church he built; 

Men turned from idols cold, 
Till many hundred souls 
Were gathered in its fold. 

" How many they shall lead 
In joy with Christ to dwell, 
The fruit of this small seed,, 
Eternity must tell. 

" When every little hand 

Shall sow the gospel seed, 
And every little heart 

Shall pray for those in need; 
When every little life 

Such fair bright record shows, 
Then shall the desert bud 

And blossom like the rose." 

All join in singing " Forth to the Harvest," 
Brethren Hymnal, 233. 


Harriet E. H. Rawson 

First Boy 

Little Girl Blue, come blow your horn! 
The sheep's in the meadow, the cow's in 

the corn! 
The harvest is great and the laborers few, 
And the grain's getting trampled, while such 

as you, 
As capable girls as ever grew, 
Who ought to be helping the ones who 

Are under the haystack, fast asleep. 

Second Boy 

Little Girl Blue, come blow your horn, 
And gather your wits in the early morn; 
Since none of you go to Timbuctoo, 
You must clear the way for those who do. 
Let the world grow better as you pass 

Did the Lord of the harvest order this heap 
For you to be under, fast asleep? 

A little girl runs in, blowing horn 

Why, where have you been that you did 

not know 
That we 'woke from our sleep a long time 

Just open your ears and list while I call; 
You'll find us awake, and that is not- all. 

Blows her horn three times. All the girls 
of the " Busy Bees " come running in 

A Little Girl 

No, that is not all, for now, if you please, 
We belong to a band that is called " Busy 

All say this and bow low. 

A Boy steps out from the group and comes 
to the end of the platform 

I've come from the hive to take the stand 
And speak for the boys of this mission-band. 
I'm sure I don't know what you'd do 
Without the boys to help you through. 
If I only could stop to tell the story, 
You'd find to the boys belongs some of the 

Of spreading the Gospel far over the seas. 
We are planting good seeds and feeding the 

Hoping to gather the best of fruits. 

All girls repeat together 

But where are the boys? Are they in a 

Under the haystack, fast asleep? 

Little Boy 

They are watching the sheep, keeping cows 

from the corn, 
The most capable boys that ever were born. 
I'll just blow my horn; you'll see your 

And find that the boys are all wide awake. 

Blows horn three times. Boys come in 
singing, joined by the girls 

Tune, " Seymour." Brethren Hymnal, 314 

Mission boys and girls are we! 
Boys. — Mission boys. Girls. — Mission girls. 
Mission boys and girls are we; 
Ever true we hope to be. 

All say this and wave caps 

Three cheers for the boys of the " Busy 

All go out singing 

Mission boys and girls are we, 
Mission boys, mission girls, 
Mission boys and girls are we; 
Ever true we hope to be. 

Hold up right hand till through. 

The first two verses of this article were taken 
from Children's Work for Children. 

— Mission Dayspring. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Conducted by Aunt Adalyn 


Dear Aunt Adalyn : I am eleven years old 
and in the sixth grade. I go to church 
every Sunday. My father is a minister. 
I have two sisters. We live on a farm and 
have ten cows. Ruth Idleman. 

Marianna, Pa., R. 1. 

I feel pretty sure I know your father, 
and I would be glad to shake hands with 
you some time too. 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: I was ten years old 
Feb. 25. My Sunday-school teacher is Miss 
Florence Slaugenhaupt. I like her very 
much. There are seven in our class. I 
have two brothers and three sisters. The 
oldest sister is twelve, and I am next. 
Goldie Hollopeter. 

Big Run, Pa., L. Box 4. 

Does your class sing sometimes for peo- 
ple who cannot get to Sunday-school or 
church? Everybody likes to hear children 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : I am ten years old 
and in the fifth grade. I belong to the 
Brethren church and so does mama. We 
have to go four miles to Sunday-school. I 
have no brothers or sisters, that is why I 
want to join your Junior Missionary depart- 
ment. Please, I would enjoy a letter from 
a Junior boy or girl. Donald Goff. 

Byrket and 4th Sts., Mishawaka, Ind. 

We need more boys, so come right in. 
Did I get your last name spelled right? 
Your signature was not very plain. 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : It is about a year 
since I wrote to the Juniors. I am eleven 
years old. We ride to the consolidated 
township school in a motor bus. I am in 
the seventh grade. I have attended four 
different schools but have moved only once. 
Two of them were in the city and two in 
the country. We have lived in the country 
five years. We live on a concrete State 
road north of Elkhart. My brother will 
graduate from high school this year. We 
have a big collie dog named Jack and a 
house cat named Joe. I have been been 
sick and have not been in school for nearly 
two weeks. Papa got me a white hyacinth, 
and the Sunday-school sent me a blue one. 

It made me very happy. Florence Miller. 
Elkhart, Ind., R. 2, Box 64. 

That is the secret of the purest joy — 
doing something for somebody else. Doubt- 
less your friends were just as happy over 
the hyacinths as you were. And aren't they 
the sweetest flowers? 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : I am twelve years 
old and in the fifth grade. I have three 
brothers. I think the baby is the sweetest 
of all. My mother died about two years 
ago. Grandma takes care of us. She is 
a Brethren, but I don't belong to any 
church yet. I haven't missed any school, 
but I"ve missed about three Sundays. I 
will answer any letters. 

Xina Juanita Robinson. 

Powelhurst, Ore., R. 7, Box 517-H. 

Grandmas are splendid caretakers, aren't 
they? And of course you children try to 
make it as easy as possible for her. 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : I am eleven years old. 
My daddy's birthday and mine are on the 
same day — the 5th of June, but we are not 
the same age! We have three miles to 
the Pleasant Dale church. I expect you 
see my cousins, Helen and Dallas Miller, 
quite often. I have not been to Elgin since 
I was four years old, but they have been 
to see me. We have such good times. I 
like to crack the "Nuts" in the Visitor. 

Monroe, Ind. Roy E. Olwin. 

Then I suppose your mother had to bake 
two birthday cakes — one with eleven can- 
dles on it and the other — how many? 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: I am eleven years 
old and in the sixth grade. I joined the 
Church of the Brethren last winter. Ever 
since I was six weeks old, when my mother 
was very sick in the hospital, I have been 
living with my aunt and uncle here at 
Goshen. I have two brothers and one sis- 
ter. I go to Sunday-school regularly. I 
have had whooping cough, measles, scar- 
latina and mumps. Xow the chicken pox 
are around and I suppose I'll have them 
next. Elbert Deloss Miller. 

317 Dewey Ave., Goshen, Ind. 


The Missionary Visitor 



O yes, we welcome any boy, even if he 
does have a speckled face ! You'll soon be 
through the list, won't you? 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : I am nine years old 
and in th'e fourth grade. My birthday is 
Sept. 7. I go to the Wawaka- Brethren 
church. My teacher is Miss Hazel Weaver. 
There are ten in my class. I am. the young- 
est in my family. We had a week's vaca- 
tion because of the measles in our school. 
Ours is a consolidated country school with 
about one hundred pupils. 

Naomi M. Eberly. 

Ligonier, Ind., R. 3, Box 27. 

Do you like "measly" vacations? Prob- 
ably not, if you have to stay in bed. Be- 
cause you can't have company either! 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: I was eight years 
old last Oct. 12. My teacher's name is Miss 
Onda Mae Flory. I go to play with my 
neighbor, Georgia Jane Armstrong. I play 
with all of the girls. I have three brothers 
and one sister. I go to Poplar Grove 
church. My Sunday-school teacher is Bes- 
sie Huffman. My little brother is four 
months old. Gladys Mae Bagwell. 

Union City, Ind. 

October 12 seems to be quite notable. It 
is said to be the day when Columbus dis- 
covered America, and also your birthday! 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : Please save a little 
corner for me. I will be eleven years old 
July 19. It is three miles to school, but I 
go on a large bus. I am in the fifth grade. 
I was baptized in November, 1924. My aunt 
is my Sunday-school teacher. We have 
fifty head of cattle. I feed the chickens 
and gather the eggs. I can milk, but don't 
need to, because my father uses a milking 
machine. My mama knows Aunt Adalyn, 
because she used to work in the Publishing 
House with her. I hope to see my letter 
in print. Lois Carol McDaniel. 

Chowchilla, Calif. 

You can be a very useful little body 
where there is so much to do. I suppose 
you have lots of room to play. But you 
can't throw snowballs ! 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: I was thirteen years 
old when our pastor, Rev. Anthony, bap- 
tized me (Oct. 19, 1923). The name of my 
Sunday-school class is " Willing Workers." 
My teacher is Harry Beam. I read the 
Bible every day, and pray. I like our pas- 
tor. I do not like to miss Sunday-school 
or church unless it is necessary. I try to 
do my part for the Lord. We have forty- 
two boys and girls in our schoolroom. My 

teacher is Mervin Powell. I like to read 
the good pieces in the Visitor. 

Edna Jane Rodgers. 

Hooversville, Pa. 

No doubt your choice of Christ and your 
sincere conduct will have a good influence 
on your schoolmates. May you grow more 
like him every day. 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : I thought maybe you 
would let me enter the circle. I like the 
letters very much. I am eight years old 
and in the third grade. I go to New Car- 
lisle school. My Sunday-school teacher at 
the Brethren church is Mrs. Lane. My 
papa is a farmer. I have one brother, 
Lester, six years old. We have very good 
times together. 

Miriam Kathryn Studebaker. 

New Carlisle, O. 

I suppose your brother will be going to 
school with you soon. What study do you 
like best? 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : I was thirteen on Jan. 
12. I am in the seventh grade. I have twin 
sisters, aged seventeen. All of our family 
are members of the church. In this county 
we have an association called the " Chil- 
dren's Aid Society, " and my mother helps 
with it. If parents desert their children and 
do not treat them right, they are put into 
other people's homes. But first they are 
brought to my home, and it is a large house 
with a big yard. We have had as many as 
twelve children under five years old. So 
I enjoy myself with the children. In our 
Sunday-school we have two Junior classes. 
I am in the older class. Before the old 
year ended my class organized, and started 
to work at once. We visit the sick, and 
take flowers or plants. Christmas we fixed 
up baskets for three poor families, which 
took quite a sum of money, but we have 
more in our treasury now than before. We 
have class meetings every month. We have 
to pay five cents class dues, and during the 
week we avoid going to the movies and put 
half the money saved in the Sunday-school 
offering and half in our treasury. Our 
class name is " I will." We put five dollars 
in the missionary offering last year, and we 
are trying to double it this year. I was 
elected president. There are eight of us, 
including the teacher. My grandfather is 
a Brethren minister in Illinois. His name 
is Ira P. Eby. My mother always takes all 
the children to church every Sunday, un- 
less the children are sick. Sometimes we 
have two car-loads of children, but they 
always stay for preaching. Our minister is 
Rev. J. Kurtz Miller. Pauline Wills. 

Frederick, Md., Box 363. 



The Missionary Visitor 


You are certainly doing missionary work 
on a large scale. No doubt those little tots 
in after years will rise up to bless the home 
that sheltered them when their fathers and 
mothers forsook them! 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : I got a couple of nice 
letters from Esther Yeather. You ask if 
that boy whose mother died was seventeen 
months. No, he is seventeen years. His 
brothers and sisters are all married. The 
roads were too muddy for the car, so we 
hitched up to the buggy and spring wagon 
and went to Sunday-school this morning. 
My twelve-year-old brother and nine-year- 
old sister have joined the church since I 
wrote you the first time — my brother at Rev. 
R. C. Showalter's meeting and my sister at 
Rev. J. S. Roller's meeting. Ruth Roller. 

So the automobile will have to take off its 
hat to the horse and buggy once in a while 
after all! We still love faithful old Dobbin, 
don't we ? 


Jesus, up in heaven so far, 
Brighter than the evening star, 
Fairer than the drifted snows, 
Sweeter than the breath of rose, 
Wiser than all lords and kings, 
Swifter than the eagle's wings, 
Kinder than our mother dear, 
Tender o'er a baby's tear, 

Let us gather at thy knee, 
With our little thanks be free; 
With thy strong and tireless arms 
Thou hast folded us from harms; 
When at dark we fell asleep, 
Watch so loving thou didst keep; 
When at noisy, heedless play, 
Thou didst trim the briery way; 
When with hunger we were faint, 
Thou didst hear our quick complaint; 
When with trouble we were vexed, 
Comfort came with that sweet text — 
" Little children, come to me, 
Your big brother let me be." 

All the day and all the night 
In thy mercy we delight; 
Now our little hearts fill up, 
Bringing thee a brimming cup 
Of our thanks and loyalty 
As we press around thy knee; 
Take it, Jesus, Brother dear, 
As we whisper in thine ear; 
Kiss us softly, every one, 
Tell us when our duty's done ; 
May we grow to look like thee ; 
Give us love, the master-key; 
And, however long our days, 
May we crowd them all with praise. 
Adaline Hohf Beery. 


Degrees of Comparison 

1. Something to shoot with. An animal. 
To brag. 

(Answer: Bow, boar, boast.) 

2. An insect. A beverage. An animal. 

3. To perish. Dreadful. Cut into cubes. 

4. To proceed. To pierce with a tusk. A 

5. To repent of. A strip of Germany. 
To perch. 

6. Part of the foot. Rent. To make 

7. A boy's nickname. A temptation. 

8. A fixed charge. Alarm. A banquet. 

Dissected Word 

I am composed of 12 letters. 

My 2, 1, 4, 10, 6 is the name of an ancient 

My 12, 8, 7, 4 is to move on water. 

My 11, 8, 12, 10 is a direction. 

My 4, 7, 3, 5 was one of the plagues. 

My 10, 8, 12, 9, 1, 4 is a pendent ornament. 

My 9, 4, 7, 3, 11 is to cut in thin pieces. 

My 3, 4, 5, 8, 10, 6 is cross strips of board. 

My 12, 11, 8, 4 is a marine fur-bearing 

My whole is a book of the Bible. 

(Answers next month) 

Missing Words. — 1. Son, sun. 2. Lowed, 

load. 3. Need, knead. 4. Pride, pried. 5. 

Main, mane. 6. Toad, towed. 7. Heel, 

heal. 8. Hear, here. 

General Mission Board. — 1. Winger. 2. 

Yoder. 3. Blough. 4. Nye. 5. Emmert. 

6. Bonsack. 7. Minnich. 8. Zigler. 9. Culp. 

Miss Sahib came from the bungalow with 
a toothpick in her mouth and sat down on 
the veranda. Baby Ruth came out of 
Sundar-bai's room and took in the situa- 
tion, then walking over to some very coarse 
matting which forms the walls of Sundar- 
bai's cookhouse she broke off a nice little 
splint, stuck it in her mouth and came back 
with a satisfied smile. (And the Miss Sahib 
felt rebuked that she had not given her 
something worthy of imitation.) 


The Missionary Visitor 




Conference Offering, 1925. As of March 31, 1925, 
the Conference (Budget) offering for the year end- 
ing February 28, 1926, stands as follows: 

Cash received since March 1, 1925, $16,59107 

(The 1925 Budget of $380,000 is 4.4% raised) 

Mission Board Treasury Statement. The follow- 
ing shows the condition of mission finances on 
March 31, 1925: 

Income since March 1, 1925 $17,123 18 

Income same period last year, 19,516 14 

Decrease $ 2,392 96 

Expense since March 1, 1925, 20,32182 

Expense same period last year, 21,900 07 

Decrease, $ 1,578 25 

Mission deficit March 31, 1925, 25,587 72 

Mission deficit February 28, 1925, 22,389 08 

Increase, $ 3,198 64 

Tract Distribution. During the month of February, 
the Board sent out 4,506 doctrinal tracts. 

Correction No. 16. See September, 1924 " Visitor." 
Under Conference Budget— 1924; credit of $281.60 to 
Greenmount Cong., No. Va. has since been re- 
designated; viz., $104.50 to support I. S. Long, and 
wife, $42.50 to support of Dr. F. J. Wampler, bal- 
ance remains. 

Correction No. 17. See February, 1924 " Visitor." 
Under World Wide Missions, E. Va., credit of $6 to 
Emma R. Miller's S. S. Class, Nokesville, should 
instead be as a class of Valley Cong. 

Correction No. 18. See April 1925 " Visitor." Under 
World-Wide Missions, credit under So. Ohio, $155.10 
to Trotwood; amount has since been designated for 
support of Elizabeth Oberholtzer. 

Correction No. 19. See September, 1924 "Visitor." 
Under Conference Budget — 1924, credit under So. ' 
Ohio, $385 to Trotwood; amount has since been 
designated for support of Elizabeth Oberholtzer. 

February Receipts. The following contributions 
for the various funds were received during February: 

Arkansas— $5.65 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Anna Fiant & Fam- 
ily, $1.25; A Young Husband & Wife 
(Springdale) $1.40; Indv.: Mrs. Mary C. 

Babb & Daughter, $3, 5 65 

Arizona— $9.10 

S. S.: Glendale, 9 10 

California— $36.51 

No. Dist., Cong.: J. S. Brower (Reed- 
ley) $2; Nannie A. Harmon (Lindsay) $1; 
S. S.: Oakland, $9.30; Chico, $4.18; Reed- 
ley, $3.86; Indv.: Mrs. J. L. Talbot, $2, .. 22 34 

So. Dist., Cong.: First Los Angeles 14 17 

Canada— $50.00 

Cong.: Roy M. Brant & Family (Irricana) 50 00 

Florida— $25.54 

S. S.: Sebring, 25 54 

Idaho— $116.52 

Cong.: Bowmont, $15.12; No. 80787 (Boise 
Vallev) $1; Chloe Gross (Bowmont) $.40; 

S. S.: Winchester, $100, 116 52 

Illinois— $1,009.03 

No. Dist., Chicago, $500; Elgin, $,7.77; 
Waddams Grove, $6.78; Cherry Grove, 
$122.93; Merl Dean Guingrich, R. N. (Chi- 
cago) $32; Chas. D. Bonsack (Elgin) $10; 
Sister W. S. Sandford (Franklin Grove) 
$25; S. S.: Rockford, $3.30; Sterling, $61.44; 
Batavia, $13.36; Franklin Grove, $77.43; 
Douglas Park (Chicago) $32.77; Mt. Morris, 
$65.87; Indv.: F. E. Kniesley, $5.10, 963 75 

So. Dist., Cong.: Champaign, $5.28; Okaw, 
$12; Panther Creek, $10; Mrs. H. H. 
Kindig (Panther Creek) $8; S. S.: Astoria, 
$10 45.28 

Indiana— $2,238.48 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Eel River, $47.26; W. 
Eel River, $10; Salamonie, $87.19; Peru, 
$15.42; W. Manchester, $133.29; Pleasant 
Dale, $110; Roann, $5.50; Spring Creek, $39.51; 
Portland, $8.50; Landesville, $5.37; Man- 
chester, $130.41; Sugar Creek, $14.58; Pipe 
Creek, $10; Flora, $210.16; Clear Creek, 
$31.50; Loon Creek, $35; Monticello, $20; 
I. C. Ulrey (Eel River) $5; Mrs. Fred 
Hummel (Sugar Creek) $1; S. S.: Man- 
chester, $177.97; Markle, $10.86; Wabash, 
$7.94; Adult Bible Class, (Peru) $18.43; Hick- 
ory Grove, $56; W. Manchester, $75; Roann, 
$6; Beaver Creek, $39.45, 1,31134 

No. Dist., Cong.: Nappanee, $78.53; Beth- 
any, $185; Rock Run, $10; Pleasant Hill, $29; 
Pleasant Valley, $94.61; Blissville, $13; Blue 
River, $4.75; Middlebury, $151.41; No. Liberty, 
$10.10; Melvin D. Neff (New Paris) $10; No. 
80448 (Pleasant Valley) $1; Ervin Weaver 
(M. N.) (Rock Run) $.50; Mrs. Rose Shivelv 
(Plymouth) $2; S. S.: Yellow Creek, $8.53; 
Wakarusa, $7; Turkey Creek, $38, 643 43 

So. Dist., Cong.: Four Mile, $116.43; Ross- 
ville, $70; Arcadia, $18.75; Wm. Burcham 
(Noblesville) $2; Ed. Nelson (Indianapolis) 
$5; Amy Idle (Upper Fall Creek) $5; S. S. : 
Grace (Indianapolis) $8.50; Antioch (Kill- 
buck) $3.43; Ladoga, $6.70; Anderson, $37.90; 

Brick (Nettle Creek) $10, 283 71 

Iowa— $523.26 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Des Moines Valley, 
$41; Franklin Rhodes & Wife (Dallas Cen- 
ter) $372; A Brother (Iowa River) $5; S. 
S.: Cedar, $3.36, 42136 

No. Dist., Cong.: Greene, $35.42; Franklin 
Co., $9.96; Mary S. Newson (So. Waterloo) 
$2; Mrs. John Whitmer (Curlew) $5; S. S.: 
Greene, $15.32 67 70 

So. Dist., Cong.: So. Keokuk, $29.20; A. 
I. C. (English River) $5, 34 20 

Kansas— $596.27 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Sabetha, $48; Morrill, 
$100; Olathe, $8.90; Navarre, $25; Grace 
Steele (McLouth) $20; Mrs. R. A. McEath- 
ron (Appanoose) $10; Elmira Hostetler 
(Morrill) $5 216 90 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Nellie Albin (Maple 
Grove) , 6 00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Independence, $5.50; 
New Hope, $5; T. W. Kirkendall & Wife 
(Independence) $10; S. S.: Mont Ida, $9.60, 30 10 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Newton, $25; Monitor, 
$202.50; Mrs. Elizabeth Keener (Walnut Val- 
ley) $100; Mrs. V. E. Whitmer (E. Wichita) 
$1; Mrs. Lee McChesney (E. Wichita) $1; 
Kate Yost (Peabody) $10; S. S. : Newton, 
$3.77 343 27 

Maryland— $1,240.48 

E. Dist., Cong.: Long Green Valley, $27.54; 
Locust Grove, $29; Union Bridge (Pipe 
Creek) $6.79; Westminster (Meadow Branch) 
$34.22; Mrs. Mollie E. Sigler (Middletown 
Valley) $3; S. S. : Green Hill, $54.43; "Sun- 
shine Class " Washington, $20; Young Peo- 
ple's Dept. of Maryland churches, $22; Beth- 
any, $7; Piney Creek, $2.05; Myersville (Up- 
per Middletown Valley) $60; Harmony (Up- 
per Middletown Vallev) $7.25; Grossnickel 
(Middletown Vallev) $14.10, 287 38 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant View. $815.50; 
Beaver Creek, $17; Katharine M. Hartranft 
(Broadfording) $15; S. D. Hartranft (Broad- 
fording) $15, 862 50 

W. Dist., Cong.: Bear Creek, $85; Georges 
Creek, $5.60, 90 60 

Michigan— $269.47 

Cong.: Long Lake, $26.50; Beaverton, 
$9.72; New Haven. $23.75; Lake View, $15; 
Elmdale, $36.55; Sugar Ridge. $5; Wood- 
land, $64.27; Ira Lentz (Shepherd) $5; H. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Grossnickle (Marilla) SIC. 34: Opal Rouch & 
Wile Hart $2; Edmond G. Sellers fOne- 
kama " If. E. and Geo. \V. Teeter 

("Woodland) S-^ : S. S. : Shepherd, 

A. B. Puterbaugh & Wife, $6, 

Minnesota — S33.92 
Cone.: Lr 15; S. S. : Root River. 

H 15 

Missouri — S128.18 
Mid. Dist., Cong.: Turkey Creek. ?:" : : 
"; Elda Gauss (Warrens- 
burg) $5 

Xo. Dist., Cong.: Pleasar.t V , $7.60; 
Smith Fork. $35-23; J. J. and Ruth A. Pulse 
(Pleasar.t View $5; S. S. : "Young Men's 
Bible CTass." Rockingham, $5; Xo. Bethel 

S. W. Dist.. Cong.: Cabool, $9; Xancv T. 
3 (Cabool) S10.10; Indv.: Martha Heas- 

| m S. S.: jasrer. sl6.SC, 

Montana— SI. 35 

E. Dist., Indv. 
Nebraska— S103.64 

Loup) $5; S. S.: 

: Herman 
North Dakota— S18.74 
Cong. : Englevale. 

Mrs. Ge: - : 

^~:.l:: James Ward So. 

Octavia. $30; Silver Lake, 
Whitney, fit 

Ohio— SI, 237. 84 

X. E. Dist.. Cong.: E. Ximishillen. : " " 
W. Ximishillen Cong. & S. 5.. i- 
ville, S26.66; Ri: 
Ashland Dickev. _ "" itharine W 

(Mohican) $6; X:. i.f-5 rZion Hi". • 
So: A Brother & Familv (Black I 
P : fohn Culler (E. Xirttisi - - 

"Intermediate Boys' Class.*' E. Nimis] 
$8; Woodworth. $5.74: Owl Cr€ 
Maple J3rove. $16.75; Olivet 
Reading, SIC; E. Xirr.isr.i'.'.en. 53!; Ashland 

X. W. Dist., Cong.: B'.ack Swamp. 

an Creek (Swan Creel ^reen- 

spring, $21.61; X". Poplar Ridge I 
Ridge Martha Herrington 

: Brother & Sisl house 

(Fostoria) $5; John H. Throne [Silver I 
£5 22; Mrs. Isaac Adams (B\z: - 

. F. Dukes & Wife (Greenspring 
- - Sand Riot- "LfiB Sugai 

So. Dist.. Cong.: Br 
Grove. $14.06; Harris Creek. (62 
Carlis". Marble Furnace, 5- 1; 

ne, $50.15; Salerr. 
" _: W. Charleston. $36.64; W. M 
: Mrs. Maud i. 
$5; M. P. & E. Eidemiiler (Middle Dist.; 

S.: Harris Creek. $17.65: 
? : : West Branch. $6.31; Georgetow: 
Happv Corner (Lower Stillwater ;: - : ; 
Greenville. $41.25: Cedar Grove. (Prices 
Creek) S4.S5; Ft. McKinley, $51; Indv.: Mrs. 

if Eiey. $5 

Oklahoma— S49.03 

Cong.: Big Creek, $9.15; Was! - 
5.: Thomas, $10.38; Beginners" < 

.:■• Class. $.42; Senior Willing '•' 
| :; : True Blue - - ' ' 

: Loval Class. ; " J7; Sisters 9 Bible 
! : Brethren's Bi'rle C - 

Washita; Indv.: Ellen Garst, $1, 

Oregon— S16. 00 
Cong.: Bandon, $11; Grants Pass, S-. .. 

Pennsylvania— $2,326.39 

E. Dist., Cons.: Big Swatara. $4; Sham- 
okin. SlJ.t'5: No. 80273 I . M. P. 

Landis & Wife (Indian Creek) $10: A. 
Brother (Indian Creek) $20; D. E. Fox (Har- 
risburg) $5i : Marv S. Kauffman (W. 
Treet $2; A Brother (Little Swatara £10; 
Richland, : Soring Creek. 

Skippack (Mingo) SlCd: Re:. Tilean- 

i.ass, Akron, $5: V. P. B.. Lake Ridge, 
Lansdale 'Ha: 

a -- 


2 5C 

61 S3 

:■£ : i 

1 ~ : 

: ; H 


:" ; if 


:-. X 

S imokm, S-.-S; Ridgely, $11; Will- 
ing Workers' Class, E. Petersburg, $10; 
Palmyra, $120.44; E. Fairview. | ' ) 

Richland. $25, 

Dist.. Cong.: Cover Creek, $15.04; 
tingdon, f". First Altoona. $813.46; 

Koontz. $19; WiUiamsl org, $M -: Miss'v 
Soc, Clover Creek, $21.41; Mary A. Kir. sey 
(Dunnings Creek) $20; Jesse T. Ritchev 
(Yell: ISO; A Sister (Yellow 

Creek) $5; Susan Rouzer (Dunnings Creek) 
$5; Frank A Ag oes Myers & Family (James 

M; Xo. 8C665 (Lewistown ) S: 
Spring Run, $19.36; :rg (Clover 

- 59; Yellow Creek, $5.17; Currwille 
(Woodburv) $6:48; Aid Soc: New I 

$100; C. W. S.: Sorir.e Run. $15, ... 

So. Dist.. Cone.: Carlisle, $25; Ridge (Ship- 

pensburg) $5; Xo. 80579 (L'pper Conewago) 

S. S-: Hanover, $19.70; Xew Fa: 

rhree Springs (Perry . -andts 

'Back Creek") $5.72; Mechanicsburg (Lower 

Cumberland ; . 25; Melrose CLpper Codor- 

us 55.62 ,.. 

S E. Dist., Cong.: Parkerford. $100; No. 
80101 (Xorristown) $5; Lizzie Brewer (Park- 

erftri 55: S. S.: X:rrist: 

W. Dist., Cong.: Pk Sam- 
Tohnson (Windber ; 15.25; Mrs. Sadie 
-am (Pittsburgh) $5.65; J. dark Bri'.- 
hart (Montgomery h E. Thomas 
ges Creek $2; Mrs. Annie 
Johnstown) S5; Lucinda Holsopple 
-:vei $5; Mrs. Wilbur H. Bloom 
rule $2; S. S.: Pike Run (Middle- 
creek $1&24; Red Bank. $4.75; Indv.: Thom- 
as Hardin, Si 

Tennessee — $15.00 

Cong.: R. C. Mocnev & Wife 'White 
Horn i-f: C. J. Wine (Pleasant Hill 
Texas— $31.78 
Cong.: Xocona. $21.60; S. S.: Manvel, 

Virginia— $1,180.94 
E. Dist., Cong.: Midland. $12 

I; Mt. Hermon (Midland) 
S. S.: NokesTiOe, $31.92; Vallev, j 
Fairfax $22; C. W. S.: V 

: Dist.. Bible Term Offering— Dale- 

ville Acadenv-* 

Xo. Dist., Cong.: Cooks Creek. 

$16.21; Powells Fort. $5; Green- 
mount. $7.36; Linville Creek. $79.26; Ernest 
M. Wampler & Wife < Timberville) - - 
S.: Bethel (Xo. Mill Cree . Junior 

Harrisonburg. SI; 
Harrisonburg. $50; Mill Creek. $65.10; Day- 
ton (Cook's Creek) $7.80; Greenmount, 

Dist.. Cone.: Mt. Vernon. $8.68: Sum- 

". 28; Pleasant V - -amuel 

Garber (Bridgev. - $3; Jacob H. Cline 

M. Wampler (Pleasant 

$10; Bessie Miller (Sangerville ;: : 

M. D. Hess (Sangerville) | _ : ; S S.: Mt. 

Verno: Sangerville, $5.43; Aid Soc: 

E'ist.. Cone.: Eld. S. H. Flora ft Wife 

S -ah T. Hvlton (Coul- 

son) $2, 

Washington — S12D.59 
Cong.: Wenatchec Valley, $104; Mrs 

Williams (Outlook) $2L50; W. C. Lehman 

$5; S. S.: Mt. Hope, $6.09; Indv.: 

A. M. Xeher & Family, $2." 

West Virginia— $302.00 
First Dist., Cong.: 

C. A. Hanhn & Wife 

: -~ _ 

Sandv Creek. 
(Allegheny) $2, 

Wisconsin— S193.&4 
Cong.: Stanlev. $8.5$: T. M. ' 

V.":: S. S.: White Rapids. $3.79; 
. 56.27, 

391 06 
119 89 

15 I 

"•. "■ 

16 00 

651 42 


193 64 

Total for the month, S 11 ; " : i 


The Missionary Visitor 


Total previously reported, 

5,418 84 

Correction No. 18, 
Total for the year, 

$103,298 19 
155 10 

.$100,143 09 


California— $5.20 

No. Dist., Cong.: Laton, 

Colorado— $10.50 

E. Dist., S. S.: Colorado Springs, 

Illinois— $15.56 

So. Dist., S. S.: Allison Prairie, $3.56; 

LaMotte Prairie, $12, 

Indiana— $34.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Santa Fe, $10; "Soul 

Winners" Class, Santa Fe, $24, 

Iowa— $2.82 

No. Dist., Cong.: Sheldon, ....• i 

Kansas— $9.89 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Richland Center, 

Maryland— $2.66 

E. Dist., S. S.: Union Bridge (Pipe Creek) 
Michigan — $4.82 

S. S. : Jasper, 

Missouri— $3.63 

S. W. Dist., S. S.: Carthage, 

North Dakota— $3.00 

Cong.: Minot, 

Ohio— $97.12 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Maple Grove, 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Toledo, $6.49; S. S.: 
Greenspring, $42.17; Sugar Creek, $3.02; 
Fairview, $6, 

So. Dist., S. S.: Lower Miami, 

Pennsylvania — $231.99 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: James Creek, $3.60; 
Huntingdon, $197.14, 

W. Dist., S. S.: Rockton, $6.25; Aid Soc: 
Meyersdale, $10; C. W. S. : Meyersdale, $15, 
Virginia— $59.27 

E. Dist., S. S.: Oakton (Fairfax) $8.25; 
Aid Soc: Fairfax, $10, 

No. Dist., S. S.: Timberville, 

Sec. Dist., S. S.: Barren Ridge, $5.50; 

Bridgewater, $18.52, 

West Virginia— $6.94 

First Dist., Cong.: Beaver Run, 

Wisconsin— $10.90 

Cong.: Chippewa Valley, $2.90; S. S. : Rice 
Lake, $8, 

5 20 
10 50 

15 56 

34 00 
2 82 
9 89 

2 66 
4 82 

3 63 
3 00 
8 00 

57 68 
31 44 

200 74 
31 25 

18 25 
17 00 

24 02 
6 94 

10 90 

Total for the month, $ 498 30 

Total previously reported, 9,665 36 

Total for the year, $10,163 66 

Illinois— $327.50 

No. Dist., Students & Faculty of Beth- 
anv Bible School, $248; Students & Faculty 
of Mt. Morris College, $79.50, 327 50 

Total for the month, $ 327 50 

Total previously reported, 35 00 

Total for the month, $ 362 50 

Idaho— $16.00 

Aid Soc: Bowmont, 

Indiana— $119.00 

Mid. Dist. Aid Societies, 

Kansas— $120.75 

N. E. Dist. Aid Societies, 

N. W. Dist. Aid Societies, 

S. W. Dist., Aid, Soc: McPherson, $22.50; 

Eden Valley, $6, 

Maryland— $235.00 

E. Dist. Aid Societies, 

Michigan— $57.00 

Aid Societies 

16 00 

119 00 

65 00 
27 25 

28 50 

235 00 

57 00 

Nebraska— $13.00 

Aid Societies, 

Ohio— $18.00 

N. W. Dist., Aid Soc: Pleasant View, . 
Pennsylvania — $620.00 

E. Dist., Aid Soc: Schuylkill, 

Mid. Dist. Aid Societies, $55; Roarinj 
Spring, $10, '. 

W. Dist. Aid Societies, 

Virginia— $131 .25 

No. Dist. Aid Societies, 

West Virginia— $30.00 

First Dist. Aid Societies, 

13 00 

18 00 
5 00 

65 00 

550 00 

131 25 
30 00 

Total for the month, $ 1,360 00 

Total previously reported, 10,044 89 

Total for the year, $11,404 89 

Illinois— $10.74 

No. Dist., Cong. 
Kansas— $31.00 

S. W. Dist., Cong. 
Missouri— $53.80 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: 
Pennsylvania — $32.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Mary Bixler (York), .. 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Geiger (Philadelphia), 
Virginia— $91 .57 

E. Dist., Cong.: Mt. Carmel, 

First Dist., Cong.: Crab Orchard, 

No. Dist., Cong.: Linville Creek, $29.16; 
Greenmount, $27.22; Flat Rock, $12, 

Hickory Grove, 



10 74 

31 00 

53 80 

2 00 
30 00 

2 38 
20 81 

68 38 

Total for the month $ 219 11 

Total previously reported, 6,30134 

Total for the year, $ 6,520 45 

California — $20.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: " Mythaic Class," Pasa- 
dena, $15; "Ultra Class," Pasadena, $5, .. 
Illinois— $44.75 

So. Dist., S. S.: Astoria, 

Maryland — $10.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S. : Miss Gamma L. Krider's 

Class, Hagerstown, 

Michigan — $4.12 

S. S.: Primary Class, New Haven, 

Ohio— $6.70 

So. Dist., S. S. : Primarv Dept., Bear 

Virginia— $14.50 

Sec Dist., Indv.: B. B. Garber, 

West Virginia — $5.00 

First Dist., Aid Soc: Hazelton (Sandv 

20 00 

44 75 

10 00 

4 12 

6 70 

14 50 

5 00 

Total for the month, $ 105 07 

Total previously reported, 1,012 42 

Total for the year, $ 1,117 49 

California— $142.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Pasadena, $110.12; S. 
S.: Pasadena. $21.88; Pasadena Mother's & 

Daughter's Society, $10, 142 00 

Co'orado— $8.74 

E. Dist., Cong.: Antioch 8 74 

Illinois— $104.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: Franklin Grove 104 CO 

Indiana— $£0.00 

No. Dist., Aid Soc: New Paris, 50 00 

Missouri— $64.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: No. 80095 (Smith Fork), 64 00 
Ohio— $4.17 

So. Dist., S. S.: Middletown, 4 17 

Pennsylvania — $220.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Glen E. Norris (Dun- 


The Missionary Visitor 


nings Creek; $40; Xo. 80504 (Lewistown) 

$50, 90 00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Geiger Mem., $3); A. 
B. & Levi X. Miller (Geiger Mem.) $100, 120 00 

YV. Dist., Cong.: Daniel Blough (Quema- 

honing) 10 00 

Virginia— $35.00 

First Dist., Cong.: Pearl L. Shatter 
(Troutville) 5 00 

Xo. Dist.. Cong.: Flat Rock. $15; S. S. : 
Mt. Zion (Greenmount) $15, 30 00 

Total for the month, $ 627 91 

Total previously reported, 4.339 44 

Total for the year, S 5.467 35 

California— $31.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: " Friendship Bible Class." 

Pasadena 31 GO 

Florida— S14.05 

Cong. & S. S.: Seneca, 14 05 

Illinois — $4.75 

So. Dist., S. S.: Astoria, 4 "5 

Indiana— $2.50 

Xo. Dist., Cong.: A Sister (Xappanee), .. 2 50 

Iowa— $75.00 

Xo. Dist., S. S.: So. Waterloo 75 CO 

Maryland— $24.33 

E. Dist., D. V. B. S.: Long Green Valley, 24 33 

Minnesota— $1 .00 

Cong.: Minnie Whetstone (Winona), 100 

Missouri— $2.00 

Mid. Dist., Indv.: Lizzie Fahnestock, .... 2 00 

Oklahoma— $1.00 

Indv.: Ellen Garts, 100 

Pennsylvania— $29.10 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: F. B. Gartland & Wife 
(Roaring Spring) $5.10; S. S. : Holsinger 
(Woodbury) $20; Rockhill (Aughwick) $4. 29 10 

Washington— $5.00 

Cong : Sidney Adams (Omak) $2.50; 
$2.50; Mrs. Chas. Meeker (Omak) $2.50, .. 5 00 

Total for the month , $ 189 73 

Total previously reported, 3,463 09 

Total for the year, $ 3.652 32 

Florida— $10.00 

Indv. : Eld. J. E. Young 10 00 

Iowa— $37.14 

Xo. Dist., S. S.: "Loyal Workers" 

Class, Ivester, 37 14 

Maryland— $120.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: Meadow Branch. $80; 
" Berean Bible Class." Blue Ridge College 

(Pipe Creek), $40 13 1 CO 

Ohio— $25.00 

X. W. Dist., Aid Soc. : Pleasant View, .. 25 00 

Virginia— $20.00 

Sec. Dist., Aid Soc: Bridgewater, 20 00 

Total for the month $ 212 14 

Total previously reported, 1,069 50 

Total for the year, $ 1.28164 

Illinois— $19.45 

So. Dist., S. S.: Astoria, 19 45 

Iowa— $2.00 

Xo. Dist., S. S.: Intermediate Girls' Class- 
es. So. Waterloo 2 00 

Ohio— $31.45 

X. E. Dist., S. S.: Junior & Primary 
Classes. E. Ximishillen 24 75 

So. Dist., S. S. : Primarv Dept., Bear 

Creek 6 70 

Pennsylvania— $207.50 

E. Dist.. Aid Soc: White Oak 35 00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Huntingdon, $35; "Young 
Men's Bible Class," First Altoona, $17.50; 
Aid Soc: Koontz, $35; Everett, $25; C. W. 
S.: Spring Run, $25 137 50 

S. E. Dist., S. S.: Parkerford, 35 00 

Total for the month, $ 260 4) 

Total previously reported, 1,962 07 

Total for the year, $ 2^22.47 

Illinois— $50.00 

So. Dist., C. W. S.: La Place (Okaw), .. 50 00 

Indiana— $50.00 

Xo. Dist., S. S.: Ladies' Bible Class, First 
So. Bend, $25; Aid Soc: Xew Paris, $25, .. 50 00 

Iowa— $50.00 

Xo. Dist., C. W. S.: Sheldon, SO 00 

Maryland— $25.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Scott Y. Garner & Wife 

(Pipe Creek), 25 03 

Michigan— $25.00 

S. S.: 3 Primary Classes, Woodland, 25 00 

Ohio— $100.10 

X. W. Dist., S. S. : Junior Boys' Class, 
Fostoria, $25.10; Black Swamp, S50; C. W. 

S.: Sugar Creek, $25, 100 10 

Pennsylvania— $253.51 

E. Dist., Cong.: Hatfield, $25; Leah 
Heisey, (Myerstown) $25; S. S. : Primary 
Dept., Palmyra, $16; " Gleaners " Class. 
Palmyra, $12.50; " Busy Workers " Class, 
Palmyra, $8.01; "Sunshine" Class. Palmvra, 
$6; "Work & Win" Class, Palmyra, $11; 
Ladies' Bible Class, Palmyra, $25 123 51 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Curry ville (Woodbury) 
$50; "Living Link" Class, Lewistown. $25; 
" Golden Rule Bible Class, Lewistown. $25. 100 00 

W. Dist., S. S.: "Willing Helpers" Class. 

Diamondville (Manor), 25 00 

Virginia— $25.00 

Sec. Dist., Aid Soc: Summit 25 00 

Total for the month $ 578 61 

Total previously reported 5.322 03 

Total for the year $ 5AY».64 

Pennsylvania— $30.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: "Gleaners" Class. Eph- 
rata, $ 30 00 

Total for the month $ 30 00 

Total previously reported 125 00 

Total for the year, $ 155.00 

Illinois— $70.00 

So. Dist.. S. S.: "Sunbeam" Class of 

S. S. near Decatur 70 00 

Iowa— $25.00 

Xo. Dist., Aid Soc: Greene, 25 00 

Total for the month, $ 95 03 

Total previously reported, 20100 

Total for the year $ 296 00 

Indiana— $12.50 

Xo. Dist., Cong.: David Metzler (Xap- 
panee) $10; A Sister (Xappanee) $2.50, ... 12 50 
Oklahoma— $1.00 

Indv.: Ellen Garst 100 

Virginia— $10.00 

Sec. Dist.. Cong.: Addison Crummet 
(Headwaters) 10 00 

Total for the month $ 

Total previously reported 2.277 09 

Total for the vear $ 2.300 59 


The Missionary Visitor 


Ohio— $75.00 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Ashland Dickey, 75 00 

Washington— $24.48 
S. S. : Seattle 24 48 

Total for the month, $ 99 48 

Total previously reported, 570 25 

Total for the year, $ 669 73 

Kansas— $7.00 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Overbrook, 7 00 

Total for the month, $ 7 00 

Total previously reported, 318 15 

Total for the year, $ 325 15 

California— $90.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: M. F. Brumbaugh 
(Glendora) $60; S. S. : " Berean " Bible 

Class, Glendora, $30, 90 00 

Kansas— $6.67 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Overbrook, 6 67 

Total for the month, $ 96 67 

Total previously reported, 214 59 

Total for the year $ 31126 

Illinois— $12.50 

So. Dist., S. S.: "Stand True & Ready" 

Class (Woodland), 12 50 

Indiana— $25.00 

No. Dist., C. W. S.: Nappanee, 25 00 

Kansas— $100.00 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: "Willing Workers" 

Class, Morrill 75 00 

S. W. Dist., S. S.: Eden Valley, 25 00 

Maryland— $25.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: Union Bridge (Pipe Creek), 25 00 

Pennsylvania— $120.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: "Loyal Workers," Pal- 
myra, $18; " Sunbeam " Class, Palmyra, 
$8; " Hopeful Blossoms " Class, Palmyra, 
$10; Intermediate Boys' Class, Palmyra, 
$12; " Willing Workers " Class, Palmyra, 
$22, 70 00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: "Truth Seekers Bible 

Class," Williamsburg, 50 00 

Virginia— $14.50 

Sec. Dist., S. S. : " Cheerful Helpers " 
Class, Barren Ridge, 14 50 

Total for the month, $ 297 00 

Total previously reported, 2,598 07 

Total for the year, $ 2,895 07 


Florida— $5.00 

Indv.: Ross F. Sappington & Wife, 5 00 

Illinois— $72.80 

No. Dist., S. S.: Elgin, 35 55 

So. Dist., S. S.: Astoria, 37 25 

Indiana— $12.50 

No. Dist., S. S.: Chester Barringer's 
Class, Middlebury, 7 50 

So. Dist., S. S.: "Beginners" Class, Ross- 

ville, 5 00 

Missouri — $3.25 

No. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant View, 100 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Maria Zirkle (Peace 

Valley), 2 25 

Ohio— $28.50 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: "Intermediate Girls' 
Class," E. Nimishillen 1100 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Ralph Wise & Fam- 
ily (Greenspring), 2 50 

So. Dist., Cong.: Amanda J. Warner (W. 
Dayton) 15 00 

Pennsylvania — $1,000.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: "Always Willing Work- 
ers" Waynesboro, 1,000 00 

Total for the month, $ 1,122 05 

Total previously reported, 3,281 71 

Total for the year, $ 4,403 76 

Indiana— $15.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: "Berean Bible Class," 

Middlebury, 15 00 

Ohio— $25.00 

N. W. Dist., S. S.: "Willing Workers" 

Class, Marion 25 00 

Pennsylvania— $20.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: Young Men's Bible Class, 
Palmyra, 20 00 

Total for the month, 60 00 

Total previously reported, 277 50 

Total for the year, $ 337 50 

Florida— $5.00 

Indv. : Mary Miller, 5 00 

Illinois— $26.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Hickory Grove, $6.80; 

Franklin Grove, $19.20, 26 00 

Indiana— $91.45 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: "Berean" Class, Man- 
chester, 60 00 

No. Dist., S. S.: Cleveland Union (Elk- 
hart) $21.45; Pleasant Valley, $10, 3145 

Kansas— $34.48 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Sabetha, 9 48 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Newton 25 00 

Maryland— $22.70 

E. Dist., Cong.: Long Green Valley, 22 70 

Missouri— $1.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: "Beginners' Class," So. 

St. Joseph, 1 00 

North Dakota— $10.50 

S. S. Surrey 10 50 

Oregon— $5.00 

Aid Soc. : Grants Pass, 5 00 

Pennsylvania— $208.70 

E. Dist., Cong.: Springville, $25; S. S.: 
Midway, $19; C. W. S.: Easton (Peach 
Blossom) $5, 49 00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: No. 80665 (Lewistown), 5 00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Coventry, 60 00 

W. Dist., Cong.: Walnut Grove, 94 70 

Virginia— $53.53 

No. Dist., Cong. : Mrs. Chas. Layman 
(Harrisonburg), 5 00 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Summit, $27; S. S.: 
Mt. Bethel (Beaver Creek) $16.53; Mothers' 

Class, Summit, $5 48 53 

Wisconsin— $25.00 

Cong.: J. M. Fruit (Ash Ridge), 25 00 

Total for the month, $ 483 36 

Total previously reported, 7,S62 90 

Total for the year, $ 8,346 26 

Pennsylvania— $10.00 

E. Dist., Aid Soc: White Oak, 10 00 

Total for the year, .$ 10 00 

Total previously reported, 10 00 

Total for the year, $ 20 00 

Kansas— $140.00 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Quinter, 140 00 

Total for the month, $ 140 00 

Total previously reported 00 

Total for the year, $ 140 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Virginia— $24.67 

E. Dist., Cong.: Fairfax, $ 24 67 

Total for the month, $ 24 67 

Total previously reported, 453 24 

Total for the year, $ 477 91 

Idaho— $15.00 

Cong.: H. M. Brubaker (Boise Valley), .. 15 00 

Illinois— $503.55 

No. Dist., Cong.: Hickorv Grove, $12.46; 
Shannon, $17.29; Franklin Grove, $423.80, .. .453 55 
So. Dist., Cong.: Woodland, 50 0C 

Indiana— $441.17 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Huntington City, $350.15; 

Pleasant View, $15.15; Bachelors Run, $50, 415 30 

No. Dist., Cong.: New Paris, 13 52 

So. Dist., Cong.: Kokomo, $6; S. S. : 

White, $6.35, 12 35 

Iowa— $766.44 

No. Dist., Cong.: So. Waterloo, 334 55 

So. Dist., Cong.: Osceola, $6.89; English 

River, $425 431 89 

Kansas— $33 JO 
N. E. Dist., Cong.: Topek?., $10; S. S.: 

Ramona, $15.30; Oakland (Topeka) $8, .... 33 30 

Maryland— $44.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Bethany, 24 00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Longmeadow (Beaver 

Creek), 20 00 

Michigan— $60.00 

Cong.: Shepherd, 60 00 

N. D. & E. Mont.— $10.08 

Congregations 10 08 

Ohio— $585.91 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Beech Grove (Chip- 
pewa) $58.31; Chippewa, $50; E. Chippewa, 
$69.67, 177 98 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Fostoria, $20.98; 
Marion, $56; Black Swamp, $10.15; S. S.: 
Fairview, $1.29; Fostoria, $16.82, 105 24 

So. Dist., Cong.: Harris Creek, $107.69; 
Poplar Grove, $64; New Carlisle, $95, Don- 

nells Creek, $36, 302 69 

Pennsylvania— $1,053 .34 

E. Dist., Cong.: Palmyra, $12.40; C. W. 
S.: Palmyra, $50, 62 40 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: 28th St., Altoona, $125; 
Spring Run, $463.40; S. S.: Men's Bible 
Class No. 32, First Altoona, $25, 613 40 

W. Dist., Cong.: Meyersdale, $46.50; Rum- 

mel, $331.04, 377 54 

Virginia— $1,909.38 

First Dist., Indv.: Lucy A. Manzy 5 00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Mill Creek, $878.36; Lin- 
ville Creek, $63; Unity, $190.10; Timberville, 
$339.92; S. S.: Timberville, $33, 1,504 38 

Sec. Dist., Bridgewater, 400 00 

Washington— $5.39 

Cong.: Richland Valley, 5 39 

West Virginia— $12.35 

First Dist., Cong.: No. Fork, .' 12 35 

Total for the month, $ 5,439 91 

Total previously reported, 47,474 44 

$ 52,914 35 
Corrections No. 16 and 19, 532 00 

Total for the year, $52,382 35 

California— $2.50 

No. Dist., Cong.: C. P. Green (Elk 

Creek), 2 50 

Pennsylvania— $30.50 

E. Dist., Cong.: Elizabethtown, 30 50 

Texas— $4.85 

Cong. : Nocona, 4 85 

Virginia— $5.70 

No. Dist., S. S.: Greenmount, 5 70 

Total for the month, 43 55 

Total previously reported 243 12 

Total for the year, $ 286 67 

Arkansas— $1.50 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Anna Fiant & Fam- 
ily (Springdale), 150 

Total for the month, $ 1 50. 

Total previously reported, 18 50 

Total for the year, $ 20 00 

California— $548.66 

No. Dist. S. S.'s for Minneva Neher, .. 210 00 

So. Dist., Mothers' Class, La Verne S. 
S. for Stephen Claire Blickenstaff, $25; But- 
terbaugh Family (La Verne) for A. G. 
Butterbaugh, $33.40; La Verne Cong. & S. 
S. for L. A. Blickenstaff & Wife and E. D. 
Vaniman & Wife and J. I. Kaylor, $270.26; 
Hermosa Beach S. S. for Clarence C. Heck- 
man, $10, 338 66 

Florida— $180.00 

W. F. Hollenberg (Sebring) for Fred M. 

Hollenberg, 180 00 

Idaho— $172.52 

Congs. for Anetta ■ C. Mow, $124.46; for 
Dr. D. L. Horning, $20.64; Fruitland S. S. 

for Dr. D. L. Horning, $27.42, 172 52 

Illinois— $893.74 

No. Dist. S. S.'s for Kathryn Garner, 
$205.64; First Chicago Elementary Depts. 
for Junior Mallott, $36.25; A. F. Wine & 
Wife (First Chicago). $100; First Chicago 
S. S. for Floyd E. Mallott, $56.25; Butter- 
baugh Family (West Branch) for A. G. 
Butterbaugh, $115.60; Mt. Morris S. S. for 
Sadie J. Miller, $140 653 74 

So. Dist., Cerro Gordo S. S. for Dr. A. 

R. Cottrell, 240 00 

Indiana— $924.84 

Mid. Dist. S. S.'s for Mable Moomaw, 
$227; Mexico Cong, for Lillian Grisso, $480, 707 00 

No. Dist., Osceola S. S. for Mary Schaef- 
fer & Minerva Metzger, 6 10 

So. Dist., S. S.'s for W. J. Heisey, $100; 
Locust Grove S. S. (Nettle Creek) for Ina 

M. Kaylor, $111.74, 21174 

Iowa— $183.00 

So. Dist., English River S. S. for Nettie 

M. Senger 183 00 

Kansas— $546.05 

S. E. Dist., Congs. & Indvs. for Emma 
H. Eby, $42.05; Parsons S. S. for Emma H. 
Eby, $4 46 05 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: J. D. Yoder (Monitor) 500 00 
Missouri — $20.00 

Mid. Dist., So. Warrensburg Cong, for 

Jennie Mohler, 20 00 

Ohio— $1,758.17 

N. E. Dist., Freeburg S. S. for Sue R. 
Heisey, $35.70; Olivet S. S. for A. D. Helser, 
$22.56; Owl Creek Cong, for Lola Helser, 
$64.50, 122 76 

N. W. Dist. S. S.'s for Hattie Z. Allev, 
$187.96; Greenspring S. S. for Hattie Z. Al- 
ley, $43.55 231 51 

So. Dist. S. S.'s for O. C. Sollenberger 
and Elizabeth Baker, $1,000; Trotwood 
Cong, for Elizabeth Oberholtzer, 9.90; New 
Carlisle, W. Charleston, Donnels Creek & 
Springfield Congs. for Hazel C. Sollenberger, 

$394, 1,403 90 

Pennsylvania— $2,976.97 

E. Dist., Chiques Cong, for Alice Gray- 
bill, $550; Peach Blossom Cong, for Anna 
Hutchison, $189.47, 739 47 

Mid. Dist., First Altoona S. S. for Ida 
Himmelsbaugh, $480; Everett Cong, for Dr. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Carl Coffman, $125, 605 00 

So. Dist., No. 80579 (Upper Conewago) for 
E. L. Ikenberry, 500 00 

W. Dist., Y. P. Council for Marguerite 
Burke, $200; Mt. Joy S. S. (7th Circuit) for 
Marie W. Brubaker, $20; Shade Creek, Wind- 
ber, Rummel & Scalp Level Congs. for An- 
na Z. Blough, $462.50; Ouemahoning Cong. 

for Esther Beahm, $450', 1,132 50 

Virginia— $1,700.06 

No. Dist. Congs. for I. S. Long & Wife, 
$322; S. S.'s for Dr. Fred Wampler, $65; I. 
C. Sanger & Wife (Greenmount) for Sara 
Myers, $250; Greenmount S. S. for Dr. F. 
J. Wampler, $50, 687 00 

E. Dist., J. F. Myers (Fairfax) for M. M. 
Myers, 62 50 

Sec. Dist. Barren Ridge Cong, for Nora 
Flory, $193; Elk Run Cong, for Sarah Z. 
Meyers, $32.56; Pleasant Valley S. S. for 
Edna Flory, $490; Mothers' Class, Pleasant 
Valley for Edna Flory, $10; Middle River 

Cong, for B. M. Flory, $225, 950 56 

Washington— $15.69 

Wenatchee Valley S. S. for Ada Dunning, ■ 15 69 
West Virginia— $100.32 

First Dist., Eglon Cong, for Anna B. 
Mow, • 10032 

Total for the month, $10,020 02 

Total previously reported, 46,084 27 

$56,104 29 
Corrections No. 16, 18 and 19, 687 10 

Total for the year, $56,79139 


Tune, " Onward, Christian Soldiers " 

Here we come with gladness, 

Marching as we sing, 
Willing offerings bringing 

Unto Christ our King. 
Though we cannot see him, 

Yet our Master dear, 
Smiling, waits and watches 

O'er the mite-chest here. 


Coming, coming, coming, 

Willing gifts to bring; 
Serving, praying, giving, 

Honors Christ, our King. 

Hark! the moneys dropping 

As we march and sing! 
Some of us have earned them 

Working for our King, 
Running little errands, 

Working cheerfully, 
Giving self for others, 

Blessed charity! 

Coming, etc. 

Here are silver pieces, 

Dimes and quarters too; 
Blessed work for Jesus 

Boys and girls may do. 
Loving hearts, and loyal, 

Gladly undertake 
Many a self-denial 

For the Master's sake. 

Coming, etc. 

Now, O heavenly Father, 

These our off'rings take; 
Bless the gifts and givers, 

All for Jesus' sake. 
Thus we'll spread the story, 

" Jesus died for me." 
Unto him the glory 

Evermore shall be. 


Oo the Tune "The Son of God Goes Forth to War") 

The Son of God goes forth for peace, 

Our Father's love to show; 
From war and woe he brings release; 

Oh, who with him will go? 
He strikes the fetters from the slave, 

Man's mind and heart makes free ; 
And sends his messengers to save 

O'er every land and sea. 

The Son of God goes forth for peace, 

That men like brothers live, 
And all desire the others' good, 

And others' sin forgive. 
He turns our spears to pruning-hooks, 

Our swords to ploughshares warm, 
And war no more its death-blast brings, 

Nor men their brothers harm! 

The Son of God goes forth for peace, 

Nor lands nor power to gain ; 
He seeks to serve, to love, to lift; 

Who follows in his train? 
A glorious band, in every age, 

In spite of scorn and pain, 
True sons of God, his peace have made; 

Who follows in their train? 

Now let the world to peace be won, 

And every hatred slain; 
Let force and greed be overcome 

And love supreme remain. 
Let justice rule in all the earth, 

And mercy while we live, 
Lest we, forgiven much, forget 

Our brother to forgive. 

We send our love to every land; 

True neighbors would we be; 
And pray God's peace to reign in them, 

Where'er their homeland be. 
O God, to us may grace be given, 

Who bear the dear Christ's name, 
To live at peace with every man, 

And thus our Christ acclaim. 

— Rev. Ernest Bourner Allen, in The Chris- 
tian Endeavor World. 

The June issue of the Visitor wil 
full Annual Report. 

be the 

t* si 









+ -r 














Supported in Whole or in Part by Funds Administered by the General Mission Board 
With the Year They Entered Service 

Spanhusvagen 38, Malmb, 

Graybill, J. F., 1911 
Graybill, Alice M., 1911 
Buckingham, Ida, 1913 

Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, 

Baker, Elizabeth, 1922 
Bright, J. Homer, 1911 
Bright, Minnie F., 1911 
Coffman, Dr. Carl, 1921 
Coffman, Feme H., 1921 
Dunning, Ada, 1922 
Horning, Emma, 1908 
Sollenberger, O. C, 1919 
Sollenberger, Hazel C, 1919 
Vaniman, Ernest D., 1913 
Vaniman, Susie C, 1913 
Wampler, Dr. Fred J., 1913 
Wampler, Rebecca C, 1913 

North China Union Language 

School, Peking, China 

Brubaker, Leland S., 1924 
Brubaker, Marie Woody, 

Kreps, Esther E., 1924 
Neher, Minneva J., 1924 

Liao Chou, Shansi, China 
Flory, Raymond, 1914 
Flory, Lizzie N., 1914 
Horning, Dr. D. L., 1919 
Horning, Martha D., 1919 
Hutchinson, Anna, 1913 
Oberholtzer, I. E., 1916 
Oberholtzer, Eliz. W., 1916 
Senger, Nettie M., 1916 
Shock, Laura J., 1916 

Shou Yang, Shansi, China 
Cline, Mary E., 1920 
Heisey, Walter J., 1917 
Heisev, Sue R., 1917 
Smith, W. Harlan, 1920 
Smith, Frances Sheller, 1920 

Tai Yuan, care of Y. M. C. 

A., Shansi, China 

Myers, Minor M., 1919 
Myers, Sara Z., 1919 
Ikenberry, E. L., 1922 
Ikenberry, Olivia Dickens, 

Ullom, Lulu, 1919 

On Furlough 
Bowman, Samuel B., Quin- 

ter, Kans., 1918 
Bowman, Pearl S., Quinter, 

Kans., 1918 
Clapper, V. Grace, Hunt- 
ingdon, Pa., care College 
Cripe, Winnie E., Bremen, 

Ind., 1911 
Crumpacker, F. H., 1C03 
10th Ave., Nampa, Idaho, 
Crumpacker, Anna N., 1003 
10th Ave., Nampa, Idaho, 
Flory, Edna R., 509 Honore 
St., Chicago, 1917 

Flory, Bvron M., Staunton, 

Va., 1917 
Florv, Nora, Staunton, Va., 

Metzger, Minerva, Ross- 

ville, Ind., 1910 
Miller. Valley, Port Re- 
public, Va., 1919 
Seese, Norman A., 5800 
Maryland Ave., Chicago, 
111., 1917 
Seese, Anna, 5800 Mary- 
land Ave., Chicago, 111., 
Schaeffer, Marv, 3435 Van 
Buren St., Chicago, 1917 
Pollock, Myrtle, McPher- 
son, Kans., 1917 

Nigeria, West Af- 
Jos, Nafada & Biu 
Dr. Homer L., 1923 
Marguerite Shrock, 

William M., 1924 
Esther Eisenbise, 

rica, via 



Heckman, Clarence C, 1924 
Heckman, Lucile Gibson, 

Mallott, Floyd, 1924 
Mallott, Ruth Blocher, 1924 
Helser, A. D., 1922 
Helser, Lola Bechtel, 1923 
Kulp, H. Stover, 1922 
Ahwa, Dangs, India 
Ebey, Adam, 1900 
Ebev, Alice K., 1900 
Shull, Chalmer, 1919 
Shull, Mary S., 1919 
Anklesvar, Broach Dist., India 
Long, I. S. 1903 
Long, Erne V, 1903 
Miller, Arthur S. B., 1919 
Miller, Jennie B., 1919 
Miller, Sadie J., 1903 
Shickel, Elsie, 1921 
Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Lynn A., 1920 

Mary B., 1920 

Verna M., 1919 

A. Raymond, 

Laura M., 1913 
H., 19C4 

Cottrell, Dr. 

Cottrell, Dr. 
Eby, E. H., 
Ebv, Emma 
Kintner, Elizabeth, 1919 
Mohler, Jennie, 1916 
Wagoner, J. Elmer, 1919 
Wagoner, Ellen H., 1919 
Dahanu, Thana Dist., India 
Butterbaugh, Andrew G., 

Butterbaugh, Bertha L., 

Nickey, Dr. Barbara M., 


B. Mary, 1913 
Surat Dist., India 

D. L., 1897 

Fornev, Anna M., 1897 
Miller, Eliza B., 1900 
Vada, Thana Dist., India 
Brumbaugh, Anna B., 1919 
Kavlor, Tohn I., 1911 
Kavlor, Ina M., 1921 
Swartz, Goldie E., 1916 
Palghar, Thana Dist., India 
Garner, H. P.., 1916 
Garner, Kathrvn B., 1916 
Hollenberg, Fred M., 1919 
Hollenberg, Nora R., 1919 
Post Umalla, via Anklesvar, 
Lichty, D. J., 1902 
Lichty, Anna Eby, 1912 
Summer, Benjamin F., 1919 
Summer, Nettie B., 1919 
Widdowson, Olive, 1912 
Ziegler, Kathryn, 1908 
Vyara, via Surat Dist., India 
Blough, T. M., 1903 
Blough, Anna Z., 1903 
Brooks, Harlan J., 1924 
Brooks, Ruth F., 1924 
Moomaw, Ira W., 1923 
Moomaw, Mabel Winger, 

Mow, Anetta, 1917 
Mow, Baxter M., 1923 
Mow, Anna Beahm, 1923 
Wolf, L. Mae, 1922 
Woods, Beulah, 1924 
On Furlough 
Alley, Howard L., N«kes 

ville, Va., care of I. A 

Miller, 1917 
Alley, Hattie Z., Nokes 

ville, Va., care of I. A 

Miller, 1917 
Ebbert, Ella, McPherson 

Kans., 1917 
Grisso, Lillian, No. Man 

Chester, Ind., 1917 
Himmelsbaugh, Ida, 200 6th 

Ave., Altoona, Pa., 1908 
Hoffert, A. T., 3435 Van 

Buren St., Chicago, 111., 

Replogle, Sara, New En- 
terprise, Pa., 1919 
Shumaker, Ida C, Meyers- 
dale, Pa., 1910 
Church of the Brethren In- 
dustrial School, Geer, Va. 
Wampler, Nelie, 1922 
Bolinger, Amsey, 1922 
Bollinger, Florence. 1922 
Red Cloud, Nebraska, 

Eshelman, E. E., 1922 
Fort Worth, Texas, 

Horner, W. J., 1922 
Greene County, Pirkey, Va., 

Driver, C. M., 1922 
Broadwater, Essex, Mo., 

Fisher, E. R., 1922 
Piney Flats, Tenn., 

Ralph White, 1923 

Please Notice. — Postage on letters to our missionaries is 5c for each ounce or fraction 
thereof and 3c for each additional ounce or fraction. 






^,^HIS PHRASE is commonly noted in discus- 
sions of inheritance tax laws. There are many 
people of wealth who use ingenious ways to arrange 
their property so at death not such a large part is 
taken by federal and State governments in the way 
of inheritance tax. There are insurance trusts and 
other trusts. There are outright gifts as, for in- 
stance, John D. Rockefeller, who is still living, has 
given away most of his wealth to his children and 
to various charities— all " in anticipation of death." 


^-■-^T IS TRUE that outright gifts during your 
lifetime on our Annuity Plan will help the mis- 
sionary enterprise without deductions of any kind 
such as inheritance tax and probate expense. Thus 
when once you have our Annuity Bond you have 
a financial arrangement which is in anticipation of 
(or looking toward the time of) death. 

Be one of the many to receive our 
Annuity Booklet simply by making 
request on a postal card. Ask for 
Booklet V525. 

(Zerxeral Mission. Board 







Churcltxof the ^Brethren 

Vol. xxvin 

'^is&e, 1925 




The Statistical Reports From All Fields. 

A Complete Financial Statement Show- 
ing the Source and Expenditure of 
All Mission Funds. 

How the Missionary Dollar Was Spent. 

Watch the July Visitor for the Giving of 
the Churches. 

i>, . ... 







JCT OTHO WINGER, President, North Man- ^ TJATJTr , c _ „„„,„*„„ n , c " S? 

$gg Chester, Ind., 1928. CHARLES D. BONSACK, General Secretary. ^ 

& J. J. YODER, Vice-President, McPherson, H . SPENSER MINNICH, Educational Secre- S& 

j£r Kans., 1926. tary an j Editor Missionary Visitor. ~*£ 

$jjg A. P. BLOUGH, Waterloo, Iowa, 1929. §£> 

ygz H. H. NYE, Elizabethtown, Pa., 1927. M. R. ZIGLER, Home Mission Secretary. ~, 

^£ J. B. EMMERT, La Verne, Calif., 1925. CLYDE M. CULP, Treasurer. *j£ 

^ff The date indicates the year when Board Members' terms expire. zf^ 

&h All correspondence _for the B oard should be addressed to Elgin, 111. ^g, 



^jt The subscription price is included in EACH donation of two dollars or more to the Zjvjs 

j6fo General Mission Board, either direct or through any congregational collection, provided the ^W 

*5$ two dollars or more are given by one individual and in no way combined with another's Zjys 

jfife gift. Different members of the same family may each give two dollars or more, and extra ^f 

t%£ subscriptions, thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they know will be S&h 

)&Z interested in reading the Visitor. NO VISITOR SUBSCRIPTIONS ARE ENTERED UN- ^> 

5£ LJ^S^EQUESTED.^^^^^ ^ ' ■ _ ,..._,„_, _. ._ „. _ zf£ 

■j^jj Kindly notice, however, that these subscription terms do not include a subscription for r^u 

jgj every two dollar donation, but a subscription for each donation of two dollars or more, no Z^jf 

£g$I matter how large the donation. ^u 

^& Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting the ~£j_ 

j>*~ Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, the Visitor will be $55 

<£±K sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. ~*£ 

££j To insure delivery of paper, prompt notice of change of address should be given. When Zf^s 

SgJJ asking change of address, give old address as well as new. Please order paper each year v&V 

W^7 ** possible under the same name as in the previous year. Zjitjc 

Address all communications regarding subscriptions and make remittances payable to |& 


y>j-, Entered as second class matter at the postofnce of Elgin, Illinois. Z^jc 

^f Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in section 1103, Act of ^?v 

y^7 October 3, 1917, authorized Aug. 20, 1918. Z& 



Supports of Missionaries 










. . . 192, 198, 202 









Our Fortieth Annual Report 

For the Fiscal Year Ending February 28, 1925 

IT seems scarcely possible that forty 
years have passed since the organiza- 
tion of general missions in the Church 
of the Brethren which made the first report 
possible. That first report tells of eighteen 
added to the church by baptism in Den- 
mark; that it required $1,200 annually to 
keep the work moving. It speaks of the 
desire for Bro. Christian Hope to return to 
America and of the beginning of Der Brii- 
derbote, and the desire to mail this paper 
into Germany and Switzerland. That re- 
port gives the income for the General Mis- 
sion Fund as $2,256.98 for the year. 

There is every evidence of devotion and 
vigor about these early reports that give 
assurance of faith and conviction upon the 
part of those who made this missionary 
venture. How grateful we are to God and 
these faithful fathers for the work started, 
which we are permitted to continue! That 
one foreign worker has been increased to 
125. That first missionary income has been 
increased a hundredfold! 

In making this brief report we record first 
of all our gratitude to God for his ever- 
abounding goodness, as well as for the spir- 
itual and financial support of the churches. 
In a task that reaches around the world 
and has to do with the revelation of God's 
will to men, we are more and more con- 
scious of the need of divine help, as well as 
the fullest cooperation of the church, so 
that the work may truly witness for the 

The year was saddened by the untimely 
death of Sister Ruth Rover Kulp in Africa 
on June 15. This death amid the hopes of 
these pioneer workers was a severe blow; 
but the diligent service and patient submis- 
sion of Bro. Kulp amid his deep sorrow has 
been a constant testimony of faith and in- 
spiration to his fellow-workers. Few real- 
ize that the pioneer work of the Africa mis- 
sion — 300 miles from the railroad amid the 
bush country where white men seldom trav- 
el — is a challenging task to the missionaries 

and the praying faith of the home church 
that should not be forgotten. 

During the year thirteen new missionaries 
were sent out to the various fields. To Afri- 
ca : William Beahm and Esther Eisenbise 
Beahm, Floyd E. Mallott and Ruth Bloche^ 
Mallott, Clarence Heckman and Lucile Gib- 
son Heckman ; to China : Leland S. Bru- 
baker and Marie Woody Brubaker, Min- 
neva J. Neher and Esther E. Kreps ; to In- 
dia : Harlan J. Brooks and Ruth Forney 
Brooks and Beulah Woods. There are now 
125 foreign missionaries under the support 
of the mission funds of the church, includ- 
ing those on regular furlough. There are 
sixty in India, fifty-one in China, eleven in 
Africa and three in Sweden. While thir- 
teen new ones were sent out the total num- 
ber remains the same as last year, since the 
same number for sickness or other reasons 
have returned. 

While the success in the foreign field has 
been encouraging, it has been a year of 
many adjustments. First, the rising tide of 
nationalism demands that our workers plan 
more toward self-supporting and self-prop- 
agating native churches. A way must, and 
is being found to turn over more respon- 
sibility in administration and support to the 
native church. Second, these conditions 
have led to new constitutions under which 
this can be done and yet be wisely guided 
by the mission. This demands careful con- 
sideration, but promises much hope for the 
future. Third, and perhaps the most seri- 
ous adjustment, was to meet the reduced 
giving of the churches. This caused our 
workers to be crowded in an insufficient 
number of houses to live in, reduced the use 
of native Christians and hindered the ex- 
tension of evangelism and schools among 
the villages. 

Notwithstanding these adjustments and 
difficulties the work has gone forward. 
China has had much the largest increase in 
baptisms of any year of the mission. There 
are wide-open doors in India for work. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Many groups such as Mohammedans, Par- 
sees and high-caste Hindoos in our own field 
have not yet been touched. Brother and 
Sister Baxter M. Mow are now in training 
to begin work among the Mohammedans. 
The mission has been unable to care for 
those who would go to school because of 
the lack of room and no funds to build. One 
who just recently arrived in Africa says he 
is "amazed at the great progress that has 
been made by the few workers here in so 
short a time." So under the blessing of God 
the work has gone forward in spite of 
financial handicaps. But to continue our re- 
duced giving will seriously and permanent- 
ly injure the work. Everything has been 
done except to call the workers home, which 
must be the next step, if our giving is not 
increased, at least slightly. 

Home missions have received careful con- 
sideration and support. We believe there 
must be more adequate encouragement giv- 
en to the many struggling churches and 
missions under our various District Boards. 
Economic conditions are sending our people 
from the farms to the industrial centers. 
Churches are neglected in the rural districts 
and the city has not yet adequate church 
facilities. Both of these conditions need 
wise supervision, lest we find whole State 
Districts disintegrating and many lost to the 
church through the inefficiently directed 
work of the city. The General Board is 
hoping to assist the District Boards in some 
more cooperative way to meet this urgent 

Many are interested in just what propor- 
tions the missionary dollar is spent. The 
following figures give this fact in percent- 
ages, as well as total amounts : 

India missions $115,352.67 41.8 

China missions 75,785.41 27.4 

Home missions 34,301.24 12.5 

Africa missions 14,311.06 5.2 

Sweden and Denmark 6,483.44 2.4 

South China 1,821.34 0.7 

Promotion (including Visitor) 15,521.70 5.6 

Administration 12,344.43 4.4 

Total $275,921.29 100.0 

The financial situation is presented here- 
with in the comparative statement with last 
year. With frequent urgent appeals the 
churches gave to missions a little more than 
a year ago. It is evident that some more 
regular system of giving must be provided 
by the congregations, in which all may take 

part, if the work is not to suffer. High-ten- 
sion appeals are both expensive and harass 
the spiritual life of the churches. While the 
many interests of the church have no doubt 
increased our giving, yet expenditure for 
personal pleasure and comfort is out of 
proportion to that which we should give to 
the work of the Lord. 

Increasingly, statesmen, world economists 
and leaders of thought acknowledge that 
Christianity is the only solution of the con- 
ditions that distress mankind. It is the only 
remedy for sin — the universal disease ! The 
fruits for which we hunger— righteousness, 
peace and joy — are to be found only in the 
kingdom of God. If we will hasten the day 
of divine glory, we must make larger in- 
vestments of life and means to give the Gos- 
pel to all men. 
A Comparative Statement of Mission Funds 


1923-24 1924-25 Increase 

1. Contributions of liv- 

ing donors $241,883.10 $247,802.69 $ 5,919.59 

2. Bequests, lapsed an- 

nuities and mis- 
cellaneous 11,160.05 11,160.05* 

3. Net income from 

investments (aft- 
er paying an- 
nuities) 24,784.57 22,548.33 2,236.24* 

$277,827.72 $270,351.02 $ 7,476.70* 
Endowment and 

annuities, all 

funds 81,294.85 100,429.94 19,135.09 

Special relief, all 

funds 16,668.91 13,826.55 2,842.36* 


1. Visitor and Mis- 

sionary Educa- 
tion 8,596.29 9,748.40 1,152.11 

2. General expenses 20,292.57 21,788.30 1,495.73 

3. India 135,648.93 115,352.67 20,296.26* 

4. China 90,070.59 75,785.41 14,285.18* 

5. Sweden 13,899.05 4,857.85 9,041.20* 

6. Denmark 4,693.84 1,625.59 3,068.25* 

7. So. China 2,291.84 1,821.34 470.50* 

8. Africa 9,398.00 14,311.06 4,913.06 

9. Home 40,363.72 30,630.67 9,733.05* 

$325,254.83 $275,921.29 $ 49,333.54* 

* Decrease. 


Gifts from the churches show but a slight 
increase for the year. Receipts are noted 
as less by comparison since bequests and 
lapsed annuities by direction of the Board 
are no longer included as annual mission 
income but kept separate for future contin- 
gencies ; also, investment income shrinkage 
indicates the continuing slow collections of 
interest from farm mortgage loans. It is a 
happy note in the financial record of the 
past year how new funds for endowment 


The Missionary Visitor 


and annuities have kept up and increased 
over the previous year. Aside from about 
$30,000 received through bequests for en- 
dowment, the balance of the more than 
$100,000 was for annuity bonds— all this 
without personal solicitation but through 
advertising and the result of good will which 
has been built up in past years. 

The increase in general expense and mis- 
sionary education was unavoidable. It is 
represented in items of auditing, grants in 
aid, postage and education in special ap- 
peals. India and China expenses were much 

less the past year notwithstanding heavy 
losses in exchange. The reduction arises 
from the quitting of new construction work 
almost entirely and the curtailing of normal 
activities on the fields. Africa shows an ex- 
pected increase in expense with the promo- 
tion of this new field. Home mission ex- 
pense is less by comparison, largely due to 
the completion of the Greene County School 

Respectfully submitted, 
General Mission Board. 

Supports of Missionaries 

The following individuals and organiza- 
tions are at the present on our honor roll 
as financial supporters of workers on the 
foreign field : 
California — 

Covina Missionary Class, one-half support 
of Delbert Yaniman (son of Ernest D. Van- 
iman), China. 

La Verne congregation and Sunday- 
school, Brother and Sister Ernest D. Vani- 
man, China; Brother and Sister Lynn A. 
Blickenstaff and Bro. John I. Kaylor, India. 

La Verne "Mothers' Class," Stephen Claire 
Blickenstaff (son of L. A. Blickenstaff), In- 

Long Beach Sunday-school, Sister Lucile 
G. Heckman, Africa. 

Northern California Sunday-schools, Sis- 
ter Minneva Neher, China. 

Southern California Sunday-schools, Bro. 
Clarence C. Heckman, Africa. 
Colorado — 

Nickey, S. G., of McClave congregation, 
Dr. Barbara Nickey, India. 
Florida — 

Hollenberg, W. F., Bro. Fred M. Hollen- 
berg, India. 
Idaho — 

Idaho and Western Montana Christian 
Workers' Societies, Sister Anetta C. Mow, 

Idaho and Western Montana Sunday- 
schools, Dr. D. L. Horning, China. 
Illinois — 

Blickenstaff relatives, partial support of 
Sister Verna Blickenstaff, India. 

Butterbaugh family, provide two-thirds 

support of Bro. A. G. Butterbaugh, India. 

Centennial (Okaw) congregation and in- 
dividuals, Brother J. E. Wagoner, India. 

Cerro Gordo Sunday-school, Dr. A. R. 
Cottrell, India. 

Chicago, First, Sunday-school Elementary 
Depts., Floyd Mallott Jr. (son of Floyd Mal- 
lott), Africa. 

Chicago, First Sunday-school, Bro. Floyd 
Mallott, Africa. 

Decatur Sunday-school, Primary Dept., 
one-half support of Darlene Butterbaugh 
(daughter of A. G. Butterbaugh), India. 

Franklin Grove congregation, Sister Ber- 
tha L. Butterbaugh, India. 

Mt. Morris College Missionary Society, 
Bro. D. J. Lichty, India. 

Mt. Morris Sunday-school, Sister Sadie J. 
Miller, India. 

Northern Illinois and Wisconsin Sunday- 
schools, Sister Kathryn Garner, India. 

Virden Sisters' Aid Society, one-half sup- 
port of Leah Ruth Ebey (daughter of Adam 
Ebey), India. 

Virden and Girard Sunday-schools, Dr. 
Laura M. Cottrell, India. 

Wine, A. F. and wife of First Chicago 
congregation, Sister Beulah Woods, India. 

Wolf, J. E. and family of Franklin Grove 
congregation, Sister Mae Wolf, India. 
Indiana — 

Buck Creek congregation and Sunday- 
school, Sister Nettie B. Summer, India. 

Manchester College Sunday-school, Sister 
Laura J. Shock, China. 

Manchester Sunday-school, Sister Alice 
K. Ebey, India. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Mexico congregation, Sister Lillian Gris- 
so, India. 

Middle Indiana Sunday-schools, Sister 
Mabel W. Moomaw, India. 

Northern Indiana Sunday-schools, Sisters 
Minerva Metzger and Mary Schaeffer, 

Pine Creek congregation, Sister Winnie 
E. Cripe, China. 

Pipe Creek congregation, partial support 
of Sister Anna M. Forney, India. 

Southern Indiana Sunday-schools, Bro. W. 
J. Heisey, China. 
Iowa — 

Cedar Rapids Sunday-school, Sister Em- 
ma Horning, China. 

Dallas Center Sunday-school, Helser Bud- 
get, $450.00. 

Grundy County congregation, Bro. W. 
Harlan Smith and family, China. 

Heagley, Rebecca, George H. Cofrman 
(son of Dr. Carl Coffman), China. 

North English and English River Sun- 
day-schools, Sister Nettie M. Senger, China. 

Panther Creek Sunday-school, one-half 
support of Sister Olivia D. Ikenberry, China. 

South Waterloo Sunday-school, Sister 
Jennie B. Miller, India. 

South Waterloo Christian Workers' So- 
ciety, Bro. A. S. B. Miller, India. 

South Waterloo Sunday-school, " Loyal 
Helpers' Class," Josephine Miller (daughter 
of A. S. B. Miller), India. 

South Waterloo Sunday-school, Primary 
and Junior Departments, Marjorie Miller 
(daughter of A. S. B. Miller), India. 

South Waterloo Sunday-school, Primary 
Dept, Lorita Shull (daughter of C. G. 
Shull), India. 

Waterloo City Sunday-school, Sister Mary 
S. Shull, India. 
Kansas — 

Daggett, A. C, of Independence congre- 
gation, Sister Martha D. Horning, China. 

Northeastern Kansas Sunday-schools, Sis- 
ter Ella Ebbert, India. 

Northwestern Kansas Sunday-schools, 
Bro. Howard L. Alley, India. 

Southeastern Kansas congregations, Sis- 
ter Emma H. Eby, India. 

Southwestern Kansas congregations, 
Brother and Sister Frank H. Crumpacker, 

Yoder, J. D. of Monitor congregation, Sis- 
ters Lulu Ullom and Myrtle Pollock, China. 
Maryland — 

Hagerstown congregation, Brother and 
Sister Harlan J. Brooks, India. 

Middle Maryland Sunday-schools, Breth- 
ren H. P. Garner and B. F. Summer, India. 
Michigan — 

Michigan Sunday-schools, Sister Pearl S. 
Bowman, China. 

Primary Departments of Michigan Sun- 
day-schools, Daniel Harold Bowman (son 
of Samuel Bowman), China. 

Junior Departments of Michigan Sunday- 
schools, Harlan G. Bowman (son of Samuel 
Bowman), China. 
Missouri — 

Middle Missouri congregations, one-half 
support of Jennie M. Mohler, India. 
Nebraska — 

Bethel congregation and Sunday-school, 
Bro. Raymond C. Flory, China. 
Bear Creek congregation, Sister Anna M. 
Lichty, India. 

Cleveland and West Nimishillen congre- 
gations, Sister Goldie E. Swartz, India. 

Covington congregation, Bro. I. W. Moo- 
maw, India. 

Eversole congregation, Bro. J. H. Bright, 

Freeburg and Science Hill Sunday- 
schools, Sister Sue R. Heisey, China. 

Hartville congregation, Sister Anna B. 
Brumbaugh, India. 

Lick Creek congregation, Sister Elizabeth 
Kintner, India. 

Northwestern Ohio Sunday-schools, Sis- 
ter Hattie Z. Alley, India. 

New Carlisle, West Charleston, Donnels 
Creek and Springfield congregations, Sister 
Hazel C. Sollenberger, China. 

Olivet congregation, Bro. A. D. Helser, 

Owl Creek congregation, Sister Lola Hel- 
ser, Africa. 

Pleasant View Sunday-school, Sister El- 
len H. Wagoner, India. 

Salem congregation, Sister Minnie F. 
Bright, China. 

Southern Ohio Sunday-schools, Bro. O. 
C. Sollenberger and Sister Elizabeth Baker, 



The Missionary Visitor 


Throne, H. A. and wife of Silver Creek 
congregation, Bro. Chalmer G. Shull, India. 
Trotwood congregation, Sister Elizabeth 
Oberholtzer, China. 
Pennsylvania — 

Albright congregation and Sunday-school, 
one-half support of Olivia D. Ikenberry, 

Baker, Francis, of Everett congregation, 
Sister Feme H. Coffman, China. 

Brandt, D. E. and family of Upper Cone- 
wago congregation, Bro. E. L. Ikenberry, 

Chiques congregation, Sister Alice M. 
Graybill, Sweden. 

Coventry congregation, Bro. H. Stover 
Kulp, Africa; Sister Esther Kreps, China. 

Dailey, John L. and wife of Johnstown 
congregation, Bro. E. H. Eby, India. 

Eastern Pennsylvania Sunday-schools, 
Sister Kathryn Ziegler, India. 

Everett congregation, Dr. Carl Coffman, 

Harrisburg congregation, Sister Nora R. 
Hollenberg, India. 

Huntingdon congregation and college, 
Bro. J. M. Blough, India. 

Lebanon Sunday-school, " Helping Hand " 
Class, Alberta C. Sollenberger (daughter of 
O. C. Sollenberger), China. 

Maple Spring (Quemahoning) congrega- 
tion, Sister Esther Beahm, Africa. 

Midway congregation, Bro. J. F. Graybill, 

Xew Enterprise congregation, Sister Sara 
G. Replogle, India. 

Palmyra congregation, Bro. D. L. Forney, 

Peach Blossom congregation, two-thirds 
support of Sister Anna Hutchison, China. 

Pittsburgh and Greensburg congregations, 
Bro. Leland S. Brubaker, China. 

Richland congregation, Sister B. Mary 
Royer, India. 

Salunga Sunday-school (E. Petersburg 
congregation), Bro. Baxter M. Mow, India. 
Seventh Circuit Sunday-schools, Marie W. 
Brubaker, China. 

Shade Creek, Rummel, Scalp Level and 
Windber congregations, Sister Anna Z. 
Blough, India. 

Southern Pennsylvania Sunday-schools, 
Bro. Adam Ebey, India. 

Spring Creek congregation, Sister Eliza 
B. Miller, India. 

Walnut Grove Sunday-school, Bro. Sam- 
uel Bowman, China. 

Waynesboro congregation, Sister Lizzie 
N. Flory, China. 

Western Pennsylvania Sunday-schools, 
Sisters Ida Shumaker and Olive Widdow- 
son, India ; Sister Grace Clapper, China, and 
Bro. William H. Beahm, Africa. 

Western Pennsylvania Young People's 
Council, Marguerite S. Burke, Africa. 

White Oak congregation, Ruth B. Mal- 
lott, Africa. 
Tennessee — 

Sunday-schools of Tennessee, Sister Anna 
B. Seese, China. 
Virginia — 

Barren Ridge congregation, Sister Nora 
Flory, China. 

Bridgewater Sunday-school, Bro. Norman 
A. Seese, China. 

Cline. Willie B., of Lebanon congregation, 
Alfred E. Hollenberg (son of Fred M. Hol- 
lenberg), India. 

First and Southern Virginia Sunday- 
schools, Sister Rebecca C. Wampler, China. 
Greenmount and Elk Run congregations, 
Sister Sara Z. Myers, China. 

Lebanon congregation, Sister Valley V. 
Miller, China. 

Middle River congregation, Bro. Byron 
M. Flory, China. 

Moomaw, Leland C. and Sunday-schools 
of First and Southern Virginia, Sister Elsie 
N. Shickel, India. 

Myers Brothers, Bro. Minor M. Myers, 

Northern Virginia congregations, Brother 
and Sister I. S. Long, India. 

Northern Virginia Sunday-schools, Dr. 
Fred J. Wampler, China. 

Pleasant Valley congregation, Sister Edna 
R. Flory, China. 
Washington — 

Wenatchee Valley Missionary Society, 
Sister Ada Dunning, China. 
West Virginia — 

Eglon congregation, Sister Anna B. Mow, 

Sandy Creek congregation, Sister Mary E. 
Cline, China. 


The Missionary Visitor 


The India Mission 

Report for the Year 1924 


J. E. Wagoner 

WE can say we have done three 
things the past year. In army 
phraseology we have strengthened 
the inner defenses; we have tightened up 
on the border; and we have made some ad- 
vances into the enemy's territory. 

In regard to the first, three or four points 
stand out prominently. At Anklesvar are 
two schools, practically new. The report 
of the girls' school is in the January Visitor. 
Bro. Long has written a splendid article 
for this issue concerning the school for 
boys. In a way these are both new depart- 
ures, and show the trend of opinion re- 
garding education. These people are to be 
fitted to assume the responsibilities really, 
not just theoretically, of a self-supporting, 
evangelistic, enthusiastic church. 

In Bulsar a cooperative credit society was 
organized. Strictly speaking, it was or- 
ganized in the closing months of 1923, but 
1924 saw the first year of work done by 
the society. There has been loaned to its 
members over Rs. 10,000, and up to date all 

payments have been met. One of the best 
results has been to give our Indian breth- 
ren a sense of their own possibilities with 
responsibility and independence. 

A panch, or group, of five, was organized 
to look into the troubles, or perhaps trials, 
or in cold English, the quarrels of the com- 
munity, and to adjust such matters. This 
has helped, though in a different way, to 
develop the same qualities as the Credit So- 
ciety. Now this method is being considered 
for other church communities in our mis- 

We may say, briefly, that we have cut 
out, or down, unnecessary expenses, have 
made an effort to eliminate inefficiency, and 
have tried to encourage faithfulness and ef- 
ficiency at strategic points. 

In the third place, we opened up some 
new schools in new villages, but are putting 
more emphasis on night-schools, and in 
places where we could not have day-schools 

The attitude of openness which charac- 
terized 1923 has been just as much in evi- 
dence, even more, in 1924, and we are rea- 

\siftir":»;Sr ; ||itf^ 

Delegates to the District Meeting, 1st District of India (Gujerati Language Area) 


The Missionary Visitor 


sonably sure that it will continue through 

And our work has been accomplished in 
the face of financial difficulties. Today- 
more people are asking for schools than 
we can accommodate. Most are willing to 
help to the extent of their ability. Some 
furnish the schoolhouse, some the teach- 
er's residence, and some even offer to pay 
part of his salary (?). 

But our opportunity, our challenge, lies 
in the fact that they are wanting us to come 
and teach them; that they are opening 
their doors to us; that their fears and su- 
perstitions regarding us and our work are 
dying out. And we have men who are will- 
ing to GO and to TEACH. But the pity of 
it, brethren, lies in this, that we can't go, 
ourselves, and we are unable to send them. 
I know the missionaries and their Indian 
helpers are making some heroic efforts to 
reach these, their people. But there is a 
limit to one's physical ability to go or to be 
sent. We need to be able to send others, 
and more. If people could be as intent— I 
say this of us as well as of you — upon 
planting the Gospel in the hearts of people 
as upon securing pleasure, and ease and 
comfort, what could we not accomplish ! 

Men's Evangelism 

J. M. Blough 

OUR business here is evangelism; 
every department has evangelism 
for its aim. However, the most di- 
rect evangelistic effort we call by that 
name, and under it comes the work of 
evangelism for men. In India this is most 
important and fundamental, for until the 
men turn to Christ we cannot expect much 
from the rest of the community. During 
the year just closed I think more of our 
missionaries gave their time to this work 
than ever before, for which we are glad. 
But the missionary finds it difficult on ac- 
count of climate to give more than the win- 
ter months to direct evangelistic work 
among the villages, so the real evangelists 
are the Indian men who live twelve months 
right among the people. Even though they 
are primarily school-teachers, they can be 
real evangelists, and I can testify to their 
usefulness in bringing men to Christ. Xow 

let us look briefly at the activities of each 

The Bulsar village work has just recently 
begun to yield fruit, and is at present much 
more hopeful than ever before. The evan- 
gelists around Bulsar town are welcomed 
now, where years ago they often were met 
with mud or stones or derisive language. 
The minds of the people are more open to 
the story of Jesus than ever before, and the 
workers feel encouraged. Bro. E. H. Eby 
was in charge all year and spent several 
months touring in the villages. They 
camped in a few new places where the way 
had been prepared by the teachers and 
evangelist, hence the people were not afraid, 
but very curious, and everything about the 
tent was the object of interest. Women 
came in groups to see the " Madam Saheb," 
and this gave her opportunity to create 
friendship and allay suspicions. 


Jalalpor has begun to yield results more 
abundantly than in previous years. There 
were twenty-eight baptisms during the year, 
about half of whom were men. Bro. For- 
ney was in charge, and he writes that " on 
the whole a very favorable advance has 
been made in aggressive evangelism, and 
the outlook is 'bright as the promises of 
God.' " Certain parts of the field are re- 
sponding to the efforts of the teachers, and 
people are turning to the Lord. There are 
a number of applicants for baptism. Dur- 
ing the large Unai Fair Gospels were sold 
and lantern pictures were shown. Gospels 
were sold also at the Navsari station. Ear- 
ly in the year two of the leading workers 
went to Bansda, a native state near by, which 
has hitherto been closed to us, and were 
given a very friendly reception by the king, 
so now they hope to go again, as he seems 
more favorable to Christian work than be- 
fore. In Jalalpor town, where opposition 
has been strong in the past, our workers 
have made friends and Christian children 
attended the public schools without diffi- 


The evangelistic missionary at Anklesvar 
has a large field — two whole counties, and 


The Missionary Visitor 



Brother Dhanjibhai stands in the middle. A faithful old pilgrim of the cross 

parts of two more — and the 800 Christians 
who need shepherding are scattered in fifty 
villages. Besides the Bhil population from 
which the Christians have come there is a 
large population of Hindus, Mohammedans 
and Parsees who need to be evangelized. 
Bro. Miller carried on this work during the 
year, and was able to pitch camp in sixteen 
of the 150 villages in the district. There 
were fifty-six large meetings held, with an 
average attendance of 175. In these meet- 
ings Bible pictures were shown on the 
screen. Besides these night meetings day 
meetings were held in the adjoining villages 
and so twenty-five more villages were 
reached. Sixteen workers are located in 
villages, teaching day and night-schools 
and instructing Christians and applicants. 
There were forty baptisms. Anklesvar has 
done splendidly in developing singing bands 
in the villages where the teachers are, and 
these have done good work in singing the 
gospel message. They get invitations to 
come and sing for Christians and Hindus. 
One time a band walked through rain and 
mud three miles to sing at a fair. They 
also come and join in the meetings at the 
tent, and so help evangelism. One time a 
Hindu invited a band to come and sing if 
they would substitute a Hindu god for the 
name of Jesus, but they refused. Even 

some non-Christians have joined these 
bands, for they like singing. Singing is an 
important part of evangelism in India. 


Thus far the Dahanu field has not yielded 
much fruit, but quite a number of the boys 
from the village schools have gone to the 
Palghar boarding-school and so suspicion 
and fear are decreasing and we hope to 
win the villagers, who are very supersti- 
tious. Bro. Alley was in charge and did some 
touring with Indian workers during the 
winter. He tried to visit the homes of the 
boys who went to Palghar. Often parents 
are won through their children, and so it 
may be at Dahanu. The evangelist in ad- 
dition to touring goes out to the villages 
around Dahanu and preaches the Gospel. 
Six Christian teachers are working in vil- 
lages teaching school. 


Bro. Summer managed the evangelistic 
work in Raj Pipla State. The work is 
largely among Bhils. He toured during the 
winter and made short trips to visit schools 
during the other months of the year. While 
on the tours Gospels were sold every day, 
and lantern pictures of the life of Christ 
were shown at night meetings. Some med- 
icine also was taken along, and at places 



The Missionary Visitor 


there was a great demand for it. This is 
an open field and the people are reachable, 
but there are many hindrances, such as ig- 
norance, superstition, idolatry and drunk- 
enness. Meetings were held in thirty-five 
villages. Teachers live in ten villages. Old 
Bro. Dhanjibhai, of Bro. McCann's time, is 
a really converted man, a help and inspira- 
tion to the missionary and an example to 
the people. He is a farmer. 

Twenty-five villages were occupied by 
teachers during the year. Some of these 
teachers have only night-schools, and so do 
direct evangelistic work during the day. 
Over these are four supervisors who look 
after schools, teachers, and the church work 
in general. The pastor is one of them. Bro. 
Blough is in charge and toured during the 
winter months. The pastor also toured sep- 
arately. Among the 115 baptisms of the 
year were quite a number of men. Several 
new villages were entered. One is especial- 
ly hopeful, as the headman, an educated 
man, was the first one baptized. We pray 
the whole village may be won. The work 
is most encouraging; everywhere we go the 
people are ready to hear, though rather 
slow in earnest mental effort to learn the 
Bible truths. But "line upon line, and pre- 
cept upon precept " finally brings results. 

The evangelistic work at Vada was great- 
ly hindered during the year, as the force 
of workers was very small. Bro. Kaylor 
was in charge, but not able to do much in 
the villages because of other duties. One 
evangelist was engaged for five months, 
and reports a good reception from the peo- 
ple. During the hot season the lantern was 
used and the life of Christ presented with 
good effect. On Sunday evenings volun- 
teer groups went to the near-by villages for 
preaching. Caste and fear of defilement 
are still quite a hindrance to our work. 
Many pages of literature have been dis- 


Eight men were busy in villages as teach- 
ers and assisted in the evangelistic work. 
One evangelist gave all his time to it, and 
Bro. Ebey, who was in charge, was out 
touring part of the winter. People are 

ready to hear, but ignorance, the lack of 
workers and the difficulty of getting out 
among them hinder progress. A tour was 
also made with the lantern slides. The 
schoolboys of Ahwa went out often in the 
village on Sunday evenings, and also made 
two trips to farther villages to present the 
Christmas story. 


This is our newest station, the work as 
yet small and the toilers few. Bro. Butter- 
baugh was the only missionary at the sta- 
tion half the year, and so had many other 
duties to look after. However, numerous 
trips were made to near-by villages and a 
few to distant ones. Two evangelists were 
employed. The one whose health is not 
good used the lantern about a month, and 
reported good meetings. The other was 
busy visiting villages and making friends. 
One village is especially cordial, and here 
Bro. Butterbaugh camped in December. 
Several men of this village heard of Chris- 
tianity through a Catholic priest, and so 
are seekers. The missionary supplied them 
with New Testaments and they gladly at- 
tended prayer services. Some children of 
the village have learned Christian songs, 
and it was a great joy to the workers to 
have these come to their camp on Christ- 
mas Eve and hear them sing. It is planned 
to have this evangelist locate in this vil- 
lage. Pray for him, that he may lead the 
village to the Christ who alone is able to 
save. £ ,j8 


(Continued from Page 183) 

charge of Sister Verna Blickenstaff, whose 
regular station is at Dahanu. From the first 
of July to Dec. 4 Sister Mae Wolf gave us 
her time. Then she went to Vyara to com- 
plete her language study and to help in the 
medical work of that station. Dec. 13 Sis- 
ter Jennie Mohler returned from her fur- 
lough and again took over this phase of 

Just as the year closed we received an 
addition to our staff, for which we are very 
glad. Bro. Govindji Khengar, a graduate of 
the Bible School, and an able worker, has 
been transferred to Bulsar to look after the 

(Continued on Page 173) 


The Missionary Visitor 


Evangelistic Work Among Women 

Mrs. Jennie Miller 

WHEN we work among the non- 
Christian women we are in a field 
which shows few results ; and 
those results come very slowly. As yet lit- 
tle has been done among the high classes. 
They are hard to reach. Having a religion 
of their own, and they and their forefathers 
having been steeped in it for many genera- 
tions, they are loath to give it up. But it 
seems to me that there is a noticeable de- 
sire in them to hear the truth. In the dis- 
trict at Anklesvar we find no trouble to 
get into the homes of the higher classes. 
In fact, they feel bad if we enter their vil- 
lage and do not come to see them. They 
show their hospitality by insisting on mak- 
ing tea for us. Even though they ask us to 
their homes they are not so eager to talk 
religion. I did find, however, in some in- 
stances among the Mohammedans that the 
women were ready to discuss religion and 
to compare customs. 

We found, especially this year, a cordial 
reception among the Koli class. In one vil- 
lage, before I had called, the women came 
in a body to the tent to see me and to in- 
vite me into their homes. They were glad 
for the medicine which I had with me to 
sell. Many had been getting medicine from 
the village quack doctors who claimed they 
knew, but only deceived them. 

We found many ways to gain the favor 
of the people. I will give you a few in- 
stances. In one village a group of school- 
boys who were Brahmans, Varnias and Raj- 
puts, came to the tent. As soon as we enter 
a village, all who can come to see the new- 
comers. Many of the children stay a great 
part of the day. Soon these boys found 
out we had books to sell, and pictures to 
give away with the books. So they bought 
and went. Soon their sisters and other 
boys' sisters came to see and talk. These 
girls went regularly to school. We in- 
quired if they and their mothers were com- 
ing out to our night meetings. They ex- 
plained it was not their custom to go away 
at night. We insisted it was not far to the 
place of meeting, and besides there was 
moonlight; perhaps they could all come to- 

gether and bring their mothers. True 
enough, after the bell for the meeting had 
rung, it was not long till a group of girls 
came to the tent door and said, " Madam 
Saheb, we have come, and brought our 
mothers." They were very friendly as we 
talked together, and seemed much interest- 
ed as the life of Christ was pictured on the 
screen. I invited the girls back next day 
for a sewing class. But owing to a wedding 
going on in their midst, they did not come. 
Child marriage is not yet a thing of the 
past in India. I was grieved many a time 
during this year to find little girls, who 
should have been in school, being given in 
marriage. In the wedding above mentioned 
two girls were being married. The older 
was about the size of our eldest girl of six, 
but of course some years older. The other 
was younger. The day I visited them the 
little girls had their skins covered with 
yellow, and wore only a few clothes, which 
is according to their custom. When I told 
them our custom was different, that we 
educate our girls and then have them mar- 
ry, several said at once, "Your way is the 
right way, but what can we do? " 

On one occasion I was sitting outside the 
tent mending stockings. A group of boys 
came up and were very much interested. 
A Brahman boy wore stockings ; the others 
didn't. He was especially interested be- 
cause he sometimes found holes in his own 
stockings. So I showed him how to mend. 
The next day he came, bringing his sister, 
saying his mother was calling me to come 
for tea. 

In nearly every village we made it a part 
of our program to visit the village govern- 
ment school. The children there were at 
once our friends. The parents are often 
won through their children. The children 
of each village were gathered together 
daily for meetings when possible. Many 
were interested in the picture rolls which 
we showed in several places each day in 
each village. We usually held meetings 
during day among the lower classes only, 
unless the higher-class women requested. 
They in several instances asked that we 
show the pictures. We also had some 
health charts, so talks on health were giv- 
en with profit to all classes. Even though 


The Missionary Visitor 


we held our meetings among the lower 
classes, in nearly every crowd we found 
Mohammedans, Kolis, Rajputs, and women 
of the higher classes. The picture rolls 
used were sent from America. The people 
are eager to see pictures, and so come 
quickly and gladly. 

I had an Indian trained nurse with me 
a part of the time as a Bible woman. She 
treated eyes and boils, and gave medicines 
for other troubles. In doing so she re- 
lieved the physical, but we feel sure that 
through the treatment she gave, many 
hearts were softened and made more open 
to the Gospel. 

To Christianize the so-called lower class- 
es is not an easy task. In our area scarcely 
anything has been done for the untouchable 
class, or outcastes. The government is, how- 
ever, trying hard to give them school priv- 
ileges, and to break caste so these people 
will have the same privileges that others 
have. The Bhil women consider it a hard 
task to leave the heathen ways and customs 
that mark them as heathen, to become 
Christian. So they come slowly, and few 
are faithful to Christian customs. When 
we see their surroundings, and the battles 
they have to meet, we often wonder that 
even the FEW are faithful. And certainly 
we must feel that God asks less of such 
than of others who have been brought up 
and live in enlightened surroundings. 

At most of our stations our Christian 
women meet once or twice a week for sew- 
ing, or book or Bible study. Many classes 
and meetings also are held among the non- 
Christians at the stations. Homes in the 
cities and near-by villages are visited from 
time to time. 

During the touring season of 1924-25 the 
following missionaries of our other stations 
have been touring in the villages, working 
among women: Umalla, Kathryn Ziegler ; 
Vyara, Sister Blough ; Jalalpur, Sister For- 
ney; Bulsar, Sister Eby ; Palghar, Sister 
Butterbaugh ; Vada, Sister Kaylor. The 
other lady missionaries at each station 
helped in the local work as they could. 

Perhaps definite results in large numbers 
cannot be named for the year. But we are 
preparing the soil, and sowing the seed. 
May the Lord send the harvest! 

The India Church and Sunday- 

D. L. Forney 

THE India church is daily becoming 
a greater power for good in India. 
Each of the ten local congregations 
is a center from which are. radiating the 
light and blessing of the Gospel of Jesus 

The past year has been a year of bless- 
ing. There has been a steady and healthy 
growth in membership in nearly every con- 
gregation, so that now the number of Chris- 
tian communicants has gone well over the 
three thousand mark. This may not seem 
large in the space of thirty years, but it is 
like the mustard seed which, being plant- 
ed, becomes a great tree. Seen more close- 
ly the India church is 


Each Lord's day the gospel message is 
given in sermon and in song from each 
mission center. The numbers who attend 
these services from the outside may not be 
large, but any who wish to come to find the 
Great Teacher, the true way of life and sal- 
vation, are pointed to the " Lamb of God 
which taketh away the sin of the world." 
Those who have accepted him are able to 
feed upon his Word and grow strong for 

The work of the India church is aggres- 
sive. Daily there are those who go out into 
the homes and villages of India's millions, 
Bible women and evangelistic men are ea- 
ger to show to others the way, going among 
their own people day by day to take to 
them the good news. A special week of 
evangelism is arranged for each year, when 
teachers, evangelists, all workers are to 
make a special effort to give the message to 
others. For weeks at a time the missionary 
with his tent and camping outfit goes out 
with the India workers among the villages 
of the district to reach as large numbers as 
possible with the story of love. If possible 
the missionary wife and children go along 
to the districts, and with picture cards, pic- 
ture rolls and the phonograph or other In- 
dia music, if available, men, women, chil- 
dren — the entire village — are drawn to the 
place of meeting and many hear the mes- 


The Missionary Visitor 



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Vyara Love Feast. This church has 1,309 members. They live scattered over a wide area 

sage for the first time. At night the magic 
lantern, giving Bible pictures and stories on 
the screen, attracts many to the message 
that is new to them. On one occasion when 
the missionary wife had given a number of 
songs and selections of music on the phono- 
graph a village woman proposed to sing one 
of their village songs. " Very good," was 
the reply, " we will be glad to hear one of 
your songs." " But will you give us some 
toddy if we sing? " said the woman. It 
happened to be the toddy season. Then 
there was an opportunity for a talk on 
strong drink. But the song did not come. 
The largest church in membership in our 
entire Brotherhood at the present time is 
at Vyara, India. For the past year 115 bap- 
tisms are reported, and at the close of the 
year the membership numbers 1,309. Bro. 
A. W. Ross, whose life blood if not even 
life itself, has been given for India, along 
with India helpers opened the work at 
Vyara almost twenty years ago. None but 
he pioneers of the various mission fields 
can know the difficulties, anxieties and 
heartaches experienced in laying founda- 
tions on which to build in foreign fields. 
It is known above. Vyara is the only 
church so far in India to support, in part, 
their own pastor. Jivanji Hirabhai has 
served the Vyara church very acceptably 
the past year. 

Vada, one of the smaller congregations, 
reports a membership of thirty-seven at the 
close of the year, but has a population of 
40,000 people in her district to be evangel- 
ized. Vali reports a membership of 275, 
with thirteen baptisms for the year. Grad- 
ually the marriage customs among the Vali 
people are assuming a more Christian at- 
mosphere, showing that Christianity is a 
growth and, given a chance, the leaven will 
do its work. 

J'alalpur church has a membership of 160, 
with thirty baptisms reported for the year. 
Most of the membership live in villages in 
the district and are looked after by the 
supervisors and teachers who work among 
them. Besides these are Amletha, Dahanu, 
Ahwa, Anklesvar, Bulsar, and Palghar, 
whose membership reports are not in for 
the year. Each church, however, has a 
population of from 40,000 to more than 
250,000, largely unevangelized. So as ever 
of old " the harvest is great but the labor- 
ers are few." 

The Sunday-Schools 

While there are ten churches in India 
there are upwards of a hundred Sunday- 
schools. Each of these is an agency for 
evangelism. In Rajpipla State there are 
ten Sunday-schools in as many villages, but 
there are near 670 villages in the state with 



The Missionary Visitor 


a population of 168,000. Vyara District has 
twenty-six Sunday-schools, forty-six teach- 
ers and 905 pupils. Five hundred and eighty- 
three out of 752 passed the all-India Sun- 
day-school examination. There were 102 
Sunday-school scholars baptized in 1924. 
Bulsar reports the largest Sunday-school at 
Wankee, with over 300 in attendance. Sis- 
ter Ida Shumaker is in charge. 

The Vali Sunday-school had an average 
attendance of 150 for the year, and one of 
the Vali boys had the honor of receiving 
the prize in the senior grade in the Sunday- 
school examination. 

The Ahwa Sunday-school had an aver- 
age attendance of 146 for the year, and, in- 
cluding the village Sunday-schools, an aver- 
age of 276. Separate departments are 
maintained in the main school, and teach- 
ers' meetings are held in each department. 
Jalalpur had an average attendance of 
ninety-one for the year. Each of the mis- 
sion stations maintains an up-to-date Sun- 
day-school, and excellent standards prevail, 
so that an annual examination is held for 
each standard, and those who stand highest 
in the various grades receive prizes. The 
Sunday-school has a large place to fill in 
the evangelization of India. It is also a 
training school for workers, many of whom 
receive a store of Bible knowledge which 
they are able to use day by day as they go 
out in the larger work of life. In the evan- 
gelization of India the church and Sunday- 
school go hand in hand. In the past year 
commendable progress has been made. In 
a few cases teachers have conducted Sun- 
day-schools in more than one village. Much 
more of the same kind of work is needed. 

In His name we carry forward our ban- 
ners to the work of the new year. 


(Continued from Page 169) 

evangelistic part of the dispensary work. 
Aside from another doctor to assist us 
our greatest present need is additional 
building. Had it not been for the financial 
condition we would long ago have asked 
for more buildings, for we have not nearly 
enough rooms to care for in-patients. 
Many, many patients are refused admit- 
tance because there is not room for them. 


I. S. Long 

ADMITTEDLY, we have done a lot of 
talking on this subject for the last 
ten years, especially, and we have 
had good ideas, too, but these have gone 
either into the air or else remained on pa- 
per, for the most part. 

This means that we have felt an increas- 
ing dissatisfaction with our own schools, 
Sunday-schools, etc. — with missionary edu- 
cation, in short. We have had a good many 
schools and teachers on the job in each 
school, but with inadequate results. Attend- 
ance and progress of pupils were far short 
of ideal. But, as a matter of fact, you do 
not find folks anywhere who get satisfac- 
tory results, do you? If so, probably their 
standard is not very high. 

There has been no lack of fine schemes 
here and there in India, either. Some of 
us have gone to see them and to learn, with 
the idea of adapting the good. Yet, after 
a time, we find ourselves going on as be- 
fore; or, I had better say, "allowing our 
teachers to go on as before," doing sloven- 
ly work, that is unappreciated by the vil- 
lage folks, and hence, in part, the lack of 
interest in education among backward 

India folks are very, very conservative. 
But, if we have anything really worth hav- 
ing, I fancy they will come to see it and 
adopt it too, in due time. The trouble is 
that we simply have not shown anything 
extraordinary, save in the matter of char- 
acter results due to Bible instruction and 
the imbibing of higher ideals due to con- 
tact with fine Christian characters from 
the West. We now desire real achievement 
in better village education, especially. 

The last several years the word " Proj- 
ect " and the method by that name have 
been given considerable attention on the 
part of numerous missionaries ; and there 
are many folks who wish it might solve our 
difficulties and make up for our deficiencies 
hitherto. All wide-awake teachers in Amer- 
ica know this method, and have books 
which furnish all the information needed, 
so I shall have little to say about it, save 
that in some measure in our two schools 
here at Anklesvar, especially, and in sev- 


The Missionary Visitor 


erai of our schools at other stations, be- 
ginnings are being made to teach, as far as 
possible, by the project method. We are 
experimenting, to say the least. Now, some 
of us know that no method, howsoever 
good, unless well worked, will solve our big 
problem in rural education. 

There is real beauty about this idea (the 
project). It is natural, like life, ties up with 
life situations ever and always. The child 
wishes to learn and understands why he is 
learning this or that. The project is his 
very own; the problems he is meeting ever 
and anon are his also, and it is to his in- 
terest to solve them. He is not forced to 
do or to learn, but is doing of his own ac- 
cord and in the doing is learning. He 
learns by working rather than by listening 
or reading. Every effort is made to have 
a democratic atmosphere in the school- 
room. Here, as all work together, cooper- 
ating, the attitudes and appreciations req- 
uisite for useful Christian citizens are being 
developed in a natural way, as originality, 
initiative, self-reliance, responsibility, self- 
control, team-work, appreciation of truth, 
beauty, dignity of labor, etc. We are see- 
ing some of this as our first-grade children 
are building " the Home," in our practice 

For a good description of the work of the 
practical arts class in the girls' school here, 
see January Visitor, 1925. The endeavor is 
just the thing required, as we see it. Ad- 
mittedly, too much of the teaching has been 
on a large scale, impractical therefore, 
with a great amount of memory work, usu- 
ally unrelated to life situations. The course 
has been the logical one, planned to cover 
all needed subjects in a certain number of 
years, as most of us had it as children, but 
unfortunately with no relation to real life 
problems. The ladies have undertaken to 
cure this and link theory with practice. 
They would vitally associate what the girls 
learn in class with what they do in their 
daily lives. In short, they are having a 
home situation within the school, where the 
girls solve their own difficulties and prob- 
lems, physical, financial, social, etc., as they 
arise. We bespeak for them success. 

In the school for young boy teachers here, 
we are endeavoring to do the practical 

thing likewise — are aiming to have the boys 
imbibe the project idea in their buying and 
selling, in their work and play and study; 
and to fit them for teachers we are trying 
to show them the principles underlying the 
project method, as well as to show them 
how to teach by this method. The present 
staff is not tooting any horn; but we are 
hopeful of some real results, nevertheless. 
We do not have many brilliant boys to work 
with, sorry to say. On entrance, too, in 
spite of our public notice, they came here, 
not to do any manual work soever, but 
only to learn with their minds. But in due 
time, having found out that they can sit in 
this school only in case they do work and 
earn a part of their livelihood, they "fell 
to it" in a way; but I would not testify in 
court that raising cotton, juwar, and pulse 
in the fields, or doing garden work or car- 
penter work elsewhere are projects of their 
own choosing! Now, that may not be whol- 
ly fair to them, for they are coming around. 
They wish to learn a trade or so, in addi- 
tion to being teachers, and we hope later 
to be able to supply these demands better 
than at present. 

We are keen on having them develop into 
efficient teachers ; teachers who can en- 
tertain and get children to know; teachers 
who will love and win children. With this 
in view, we are also anxious about charac- 
ter results. For this reason we would have 
them know, both in theory and practice, 
the social ideals of the Master and the 
meaning of service, as he served. In short, 
we are headed toward the village folks 
whom we would speedily lead into a wider, 
richer life. Our folks all live in the vil- 
lages, where about 90 per cent of India's 
millions " have their being," not where they 
" live." The city folks of India are pretty 
well supplied with the benefits (and vices, 
too) of modern life. It is the masses in the 
villages of this sunny land, these hosts al- 
most ignorant of the life that is life in- 
deed, whom we desire to serve more effi- 
ciently. For this wondrous job we would 
raise up good teachers, with the evangelis- 
tic urge. Isn't this a job fit for the best one 



The Missionary Visitor 


Village Schools 

H. L. Alley 

VILLAGE education is a vital part of 
the work of all missions in India. A 
large per cent of evangelistic funds 
and of the efforts of missionary and Indian 
evangelists is spent in this line of service. 
New light, hope, and life have come into 
thousands of communities and many have 
been brought into the kingdom through the 
agencies of village schools. All this has 
been done with schools far less efficient 
than they should have been. It is little 
wonder that the common people fail to see 
the relation of the school to the life of the 
village. Schools that concern themselves 
with the practical interests of the villages 
and make for the uplift of rural commun- 
ities are needed. Poorly-equipped teachers 
too often make our schools ineffective. 
Lack of suitable supervision also is a weak- 
ness. More really able and trained Indian 
leaders with a clear vision of the possibil- 
ities of service in rural communities are 
necessary for success in our village work. 

The need is great. The government 
schools are comparatively few in the rural 
districts where 90 per cent of the people 
live. Here in the Bombay Presidency alone 
are 16,000 villages without a school of any 
kind. In our own small territory there are 
no fewer than 2.000 villages without schools. 

Pioneer educational work in thousands of 
viilages is done by missions or left undone 
where lack of funds and workers makes its 
accomplishment impossible. All our own 
stations report unanswered calls for schools 
during 1924. Lack of trained, consecrated 
teachers and money to equip and support 
them is the explanation. 

In villages where there are Christians a 
school is a necessity if the Indian church is 
to be intelligent. Here the teacher-evangel- 
ist instructs the Christian children and all 
others who will come to him. There is 
daily Bible teaching along with the regular 
school work. In the evening he may con- 
duct a night school for adults and for for- 
mer day pupils who are thus kept from 
lapsing into illiteracy. This gives the teach- 
er opportunity greatly to influence many of 
the present and future leaders of the vil- 
lage. On Sunday there is Sunday-school 
for all who will attend. Singing bands of- 
ten are organized and are a great help in 
evangelistic work in their own and sur- 
rounding villages. Their singing has a good 
influence on the people. It shows the value 
of education. At the close of one meeting 
a Hindu arose and praised the Christians 
for the way they are training the children. 
Self-help clubs have been formed, temper- 
ance societies organized, and small libraries 
established in some places. The village 

' i £CI^MMjfa&> 



ft •*wT 



Native Village Workers in the Vyara Class 


The Missionary Visitor 


A Village School — Vyara 

school often is the connecting link between 
the homes of the village and the missionary 
or Indian evangelist who may make fre- 
quent tours of the district. The teacher's 
opportunities to assist the people morally, 
spiritually, socially, and economically and 
to be their leader are almost unlimited if 
he has the vision. Helping him to get this 
vision is part of the missionary's job. The 
village people frequently furnish a house 
for the school and sometimes a place for 
the teacher to live. They may buy their 
own books and in a few places give fees or 
help pay the teacher's salary. More and 
more we are requiring the people to share 
in the expense of the school. Thus the 
work tends to become more permanent. 
In at least one instance last year the boys 
and the teacher worked together to repair 
the schoolhouse. 

In the hundreds of villages where there 
are no Christians and where but little evan- 
gelistic work is being done there is no bet- 
ter way of beginning more definite Chris- 
tion work than by opening a village school 
with a well-trained, devoted teacher in 
charge. This Christian family and school 
become the " spear point," " the opening 
wedge," " the leaven hidden in the meal." 
Their influence is soon felt. Sometimes it 
takes years before the first converts are 
baptized. In other places the response 
comes much sooner. If the leaders can be 

won, success is assured. This can be done 
by prayer and tactful teaching and living. 
This implies making friends with the lead- 
ers and showing them that what the teach- 
er is trying to do will be for the good of 
the people and that he needs their coopera- 
tion. Even these leaders in the villages are 
usually illiterate, and the gospel message 
must be given in terms which they can un- 
derstand. Without a knowledge of the peo- 
ple and a love for them only failure can re- 

Although people ask for a school and sup- 
port it enthusiastically at first, too often 
they are not willing to make the necessary 
sacrifice to send their children more than 
two or three hours at noon. The rest of 
the day must be spent in field work, in 
herding cattle, or doing anything they can 
to supplement the scant family income. In 
the busiest seasons the attendance is very 
irregular. This discourages both teacher 
and pupils. The methods of teaching and 
the school often are uninteresting and un- 
attractive. Under such conditions, two or 
three years frequently are required to com- 
plete the first grade. Before they really 
learn to read and write properly, many 
children leave the school. Although they 
have learned little from books they may 
have gotten lasting impressions through 
having come into vital touch with the Chris- 
tian teacher and his family and having 


The Missionary Visitor 


heard of a Savior who loves even the poor- 
est. We are gradually improving in meth- 
ods and raising our standards for teachers 
in a way impossible in the earlier days of 
the mission. We are expecting great things 
of our new training school at Anklesvar. 

The village school is a feeder for the 
boarding schools. Some of the boys who 
cannot attend the village school regularly 
for economic reasons are persuaded to go 
to the boarding. Here they receive suffi- 
cient food and clothing and generally make 
good progress in their studies. Although 
there are few or no Christians in their 
home village, yet almost all of those who 
go and stay in the boarding request baptism 
after receiving the necessary teaching. 
When they return to their homes for vaca- 
tion, they also become bearers of the gos- 
pel message. After a few years in school 
these lads may secure a comparatively good 
position where a little education is required, 
and have an enviable place in the commun- 
ity. The effect on the village school in in- 
creased attendance is very noticeable, and 
many requests are made for children to be 
sent to the boarding. The percentage of 
girls in village schools is small. It is also 
more difficult to secure them for the board- 

In general the village school work during 
1924 was encouraging and showed growth. 
Some new schools were opened, while a 
few were closed because of unfaithful teach- 
ers or lack of interest on the part of the 
people. Some schools made much progress. 
One for instance increased from six to six- 
ty-two pupils because the teacher became 
enthusiastic and made his school interest- 
ing. Other schools doubled attendance be- 
cause a teacher was transferred and deter- 
mined to make good in his new place. Oth- 
er factors figured in the increased attend- 
ance in other places. The reasons most 
common for lack of attendance are pov- 
erty, disease, ignorance, indifference, super- 
stition, etc. All these are mountainlike dif- 
ficulties when the teacher is poorly trained, 
lazy, indifferent, lacking enthusiasm and 
persistence, and with no real desire to make 
his school interesting and attractive. We 
acknowledge with shame that some whom 
we should have helped more are like that, 

but we also rejoice in the large number 
who have responded to the call of service in 
a different spirit and who go forth sur- 
mounting all difficulties and winning suc- 
cess in the name of our Master, whose they 
are and whom they serve. The weakest and 
the strongest, and we who seek to lead 
them in this great task, need very much the 
prayers and support of the beloved church 
in the homeland. Brethren, the kingdom's 
coming in many an Indian village waits for 
your prayers and means. How long? Our 
crucified and risen Lord awaits your an- 

J* & 

Girls' Boarding-Schools 

Anetta Mow 

THE six girls' boarding-schools on our 
field are located at Anklesvar, Vyara, 
and Jalalpor in Gujarat territory, 
and at Dahanu, Ahwa and Vada in Mara- 
thi. These six schools began the year 1924 
with an enrollment of nearly 220, and with 
high hopes that the schools would grow in 
every way. Knowing that some 500,000 
children live round about us, and that at 
least half of them are girls, whose lives are 
jealously guarded against advancement, we 
long that more and more of these little, 
thwarted lives may be persuaded to come 
into these school homes— for, indeed, these 
boarding-schools are homes for the chil- 
dren; homes where they learn, not only 
lessons from books, but obedience, order, 
cleanliness, consideration of the rights of 
others, ownership and friendship; homes, 
too, where they learn to sing, pray, serve 
and give from a sense of love, not fear; and 
above all where they learn to know Jesus 
as a personal Savior. 

Anklesvar is our main school in Gujarat, 
because it carries work through the sixth 
standard, prepares for college and gives a 
course in practical arts, which fits the girls 
in a definite way for home life. In num- 
bers, Anklesvar also heads the list. Vyara 
and Jalalpor send their older girls there 
for further work. 

Sister Sadie Miller and her two faithful 
matrons care for 106 girls, who live in the 
thirteen dormitory rooms. These girls do 
all their own cooking, washing (bedding ex- 


The Missionary Visitor 



Vada Girls' Boarding-School at Beginning of 1924 

ceptecl), grinding, baking, sweeping, clean- 
ing, etc. The practical arts girls do all 
their own work and learn the everyday 
helpful things which make them the hap- 
piest and most useful of housewives. 

Sister Elsie Shickel superintends the 
school department and works hard to in- 
spire her twelve teachers to put forth their 
best efforts. The primary school consists 
of six standards and seven teachers. The 
regular curriculum of a primary school is 
taught. On finishing the sixth standard, the 
girls either go to preparatory college, enter 
the practical arts course, or get married. 
The girls who enter the practical arts 
course study such subjects as home econom- 
ics, child nurture, health and sanitation, 
and teachers' training, and earn all their 
expense by washing, ironing, crocheting and 
sewing. Along with this course, the girls 
also prepared to take their vernacular 
final examination in December, which means 
that they covered the work which usually 
requires an extra year in college prepara- 
tory. Sister Shickel was chosen by the gov- 
ernment officials to be one of the super- 
visors for this vernacular final examination. 
She was the only European present during 
the days of examination. This was a re- 
sponsibility and honor which is seldom 
granted to a European missionary. 

Vyara's girls' boarding had an average of 
seventy during the year. These girls came 
from some thirty villages. Most of them 
have non-Christian parents, who do not ob- 
ject to their children becoming Christians. 
Twenty-three girls were baptized March 16. 
Only a few of the smallest girls have not 
been baptized. 

Sister Sara Replogle and Jumnabai Her- 
govind looked after the physical needs of 
this big family, providing food, seeing that 
clothes were made and patched, giving 
medicine, distributing work and keeping or- 
der. Sister Replogle was absent part of 
the year because of sickness. 

The school and its staff of teachers were 
in Sister Anetta Mow's hands. Work is 
carried on through the fifth standard and 
then the girls are supposed to go to Ank- 
lesvar for advanced work. However, not 
all the girls desire advanced work; instead, 
they prefer a home of their own. During 
the year four schoolgirls were married to 
Vyara boys. A triple wedding took place 
May 30. 

A number of times throughout the year 
the girls went in groups to near-by villages 
to sing and bear testimony. They enjoyed 
this bit of service and were always eager 
to go. The headmaster of the school had 
charge of these village . services. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Sister D. L. Forney, with Chaganlal 
Virchand and Jivi -Makanji's help, superin- 
tended and mothered the girls of the Jalal- 
por boarding-school in 1924. Seventy-eight 
children attended the school; fifty-six girls 
lived in the boarding-school. 

It has been hard to interest the people 
around Jalalpor in Christian education, but 
lately work has opened up among the Kali 
Paraj people to the east of Jalalpor, and to 
the west some villages have been awak- 
ened, and so during the year twenty-eight 
new girls came into the school. Thus the 
boarding for the depressed classes and the 
evangelistic work go hand in hand. 

While touring in the villages, Bro. For- 
neys told the people about the boarding 
and asked them to send their girls, but no 
one gave a promise. However, several 
weeks later, two men came, bringing five 
little girls. They said, "You came to see 
us ; now we come to see you and we trust 
you with our girls." Near the close of the 
year these men returned, bringing four oth- 
ers with them. Does this work pay? 

The matron, Jivibai Makanji, is the first 
girl taken into the boarding in 1919 and is 
doing most excellent work. It always re- 
joices our hearts when our girls grow into 
dependable Christian women. 

Thirteen school girls were baptized. 

After Sister Ella Ebbert sailed for home 
in May, Sister B. Mary Royer took charge 
of the Dahanu girls' boarding. There were 
thirty-three girls in the boarding and seven 
children came to the school as day-pupils, 
totalling forty. Twenty-two of this num- 
ber were indigenous. 

At Dahanu, the cottage plan is carried 
out in the dormitory. However, they do 
not have separate cottages, but each group 
of girls lives in its own room. Thus the 
idea of family life and individual respon- 
sibility is impressed upon the child. 

In the school the grades continue to the 
close of the fifth standard. 

Some four years ago a thirteen-year-old 
girl came to the school as a runaway from 
a Hindu priest's family. Her parents were 
dead and her elder brother became her 
master. He often beat the girl. When he 
had fever he would compel her to massage 
him for hours, and if she would fall asleep 

he would kick her awake. Finally the child 
asserted herself and ran to the mission, for 
she had heard that children were kindly 
treated there. When the brother came to 
the school to take her, he said she should 
stay, since she had been defiled by Chris- 
tian food. Two years later, when she was 
to be married, her brother said, "You can 
have her married or throw her into the 

A year later a baby boy came to her 
home. Blood ties are pretty strong and the 
brother came to see her. He began to 
come frequently and finally said, " My sis- 
ter's fate is good." Now he is reading the 
Bible and seems to be seeking for truth. 
Why should it be too much to believe that 
some day he will be a minister of the Gos- 
pel instead of a Hindu priest, and why 
should we not hope and pray to that end? 

At Ahwa the girls' school is combined 
with the boys', and there is no boarding- 
school in the strict sense of the word. The 
children remain in their own homes and 
receive a rice allowance each month. For- 
ty-one girls attend the school. Brother 
and Sister Shull have charge of this work. 

Sister Anna Brumbaugh and Sister Gold- 
ie Swartz had the boys' and girls' boarding- 
schools in their care at Vada until Sister 
Swartz took sick and went to the Bulsar 
Hospital. At the beginning of the year 
there were thirty girls in the school. In 
July the two schools were combined by ad- 
mitting sixteen boys to the girls' school. 
The school passed through a series of tran- 
sitions during the year. Four girls were 
sent to Dahanu, three returned to the Naz- 
arene Mission, one was married, relatives 
took some away, and twelve were placed in 
other schools during November, thus leav- 
ing eight indigenous girls in the school at 
the close of the year. Later twelve boys 
were placed in the Palghar school and so 
only four boys remained. It is now hoped 
that children from the surrounding villages 
will enter this school. Pray to this end. 

Vada suffered a siege of influenza during 
September and November, and all class 
work had to close down for a month. 

No doubt 500,000 children live near our 
schools ; we have touched but a few for our 
Christ, but we look forward into the future. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Our Boys' Boardings 

C. G. Shull 

THE supreme task of the church is 
evangelism, but a supreme necessity 
for the accomplishment of the task 
is an educated membership. An illiterate 
church can never fulfill our Lord's great 
commission. And so it may be truly said 
that boarding-schools lie at the very center 
of our missionary activity. Through them 
we seek to provide the leaders for a literate 
church, a church whose members can read 
the Bible and devotional literature and be 
intelligent witnesses for their Master. 

Due to the great illiteracy into which we 
have come, one of our great problems is the 
securing of competent teachers for these 
boarding-schools. We want Christian 
teachers, of course, but to have such we 
must as yet often use men to teach in stand- 
ards for which they are not qualified. And 
so a number of those in charge of board- 
ings report that the educational work for 
the year was not as efficient as is desired. 
Through these opening remarks the reader 
will recognize in the beginning something 
of the difficulty and the urgency of our edu- 
cational program. 

The Schools and Their Enrollment 

There are in the mission seven boys' 
boarding-schools, three in the Marathi and 
four in the Gujarati area. The statistical 
report given elsewhere shows the exact en- 
rollment in each school and in each stand- 
ard. The only marked increase was at Pal- 
ghar. Special efforts were made to have 
an adequate budget for this school and to 
see it develop, since it is to be the Central 
Training School for our Southern area. 
During the year Vada sent twenty-eight 
pupils to the Palghar school and the attend- 
ance was also enlarged by a number from 
one section of the Dahanu area. This lat- 
ter was a matter for special praise, since 
we had long desired that these indigenous 
boys would be willing to enter our boarding. 
When their training is finished we hope 
many of them will go back to their district 
and do good work among their people. 

The boarding at Wankal, an out-station 
from Bulsar, also increased from fifty to 
sixty-two. Two Mohammedan girls living 

in the village are attending the classes. This 
is significant, for Mohammedans, as a rule, 
pay little attention to the education of their 

The enrollment at Ahwa was about the 
same as last year, but the average attend- 
ance was better. In July eleven children 
of the government police were enrolled. 
They represent a class we had not reached 
and we were especially glad for them. 

The Vyara enrollment remained station- 
ary, while Vali closed the year with about 
fifteen fewer than at the beginning. A 
number of boys failed to return after vaca- 
tion. Some were large boys who were dull 
of learning and they wisely sought employ- 
ment in industrial lines. Two boys were 
suspended for one year because of gross 
misconduct, and one is to pay a fine of ru- 
pees twenty-five before he returns. This 
severe discipline did not estrange the boy; 
rather, his parents wanted to pay rupees 
fifty and have him reenter the school at 
once. Such wholesome response to disci- 
pline is gratifying. 

At both Vyara and Vali the field is open, 
and more boys might have been taken in 
if funds had been sufficient and it had been 
deemed advisable otherwise. Because of 
lack of funds Bulsar dismissed about twen- 
ty-five of her pupils. Discretion was used 
in this, efforts being made to send away 
those whose education could be cared for, 
in some measure, at least, in their villages. 

Due to local conditions it was thought ad- 
visable last monsoon temporarily to close 
the Vada boys' boarding. The larger boys 
were sent to Palghar, and hostel arrange- 
ments were provided for the small ones in 
close proximity to the girls' boarding. 

Government gives free education to the 
class of people among whom the mission is 
working, and we do likewise. However, 
the farm in connection with the school at 
Vali has proved a considerable help toward 
financing the school. This year there were 
on this farm twenty acres of cotton and 
ten acres of Kaffir corn, besides which crops 
of rice, millet and other grains were grown. 
Twenty thousand bundles of hay were cut 
and pasture was provided for a number of 
cattle. During most seasons enough vege- 


The Missionary Visitor 


tables were produced to supply the needs of 
the more than one hundred boys, and 3,500 
rupees was credited from the proceeds of 
the farm to the boarding and industrial ac- 
counts. This represents our greatest prog- 
ress in the line of self-support among the 
boarding schools. Much of its success has 
been due to the faithful and energetic Vali 

During the rainy season each Vali boy 
had a plot of ground fifteen feet square in 
which he raised various vegetables, such as 
tomatoes, beans, onions, lady fingers and 
Swiss chard. The boys did the work on 
these on their own time, and each boy re- 
ceived the proceeds of his harvest. These 
proceeds were used in a commendable way. 
Industrial Training 
While other school gardens have not 
brought in returns like the farm at Vali, 
very successful gardens were in operation 
at Vyara, Bulsar and Wankal. Vyara and 
Bulsar gardens supplied vegetables for sev- 
eral months to the school and communities. 
On the farm at Palghar plots of ground are 
now being prepared by the boys. Vegeta- 
bles and rice will be grown. 

Another industry is carpentry, which is 
carried on particularly at Ahwa, Bulsar and 
Vyara. The large boys at Ahwa spent 
about one and a half hours daily in the 
carpenter shop, in addition carrying on 
their school studies. Three boys were en- 
rolled exclusively fo r carpentry training. 
One of them has done especially well and 
has been offered a good wage, although his 
training is not yet completed. Government 
is very eager to see industrial training 
pushed in the Dangs, and recently granted 
Rs. 2,500 toward the erection of a carpenter 
shop and the purchase of equipment. This 
will be followed each year by a substantial 
grant for running expenses. But it was 
only after the mission had provided a com- 
petent instructor and financed the work for 
a year that government made this of- 

Self -Government 
Another feature aside from the regular 
school work is the self-government experi- 
ment at Palghar. Here there was last year 
no class above fifth standard, yet the boys 
had no house master, but governed them- 

selves through a corps consisting of a pres- 
ident, seven governors, a police and a doc- 
tor. The officers are all responsible to the 
president and the president to the school 
principal. When the experiment was begun 
the teachers said it would not work, but 
experience has proved its success and val- 
ue. The boys have been put on their hon- 
or and have responded well. They have 
proved themselves honest and trustworthy. 
Some boys were gambling in marble play- 
ing, and the boys of their own initiative 
stopped the game. In a similar manner a 
ban was placed on the use of bad language. 
In the evening study hour no master is in 
charge, yet the boys on a whole observe 
the hour faithfully. There is sometimes 
mischief, and there is also when a master 
is jn charge. Most of the mistakes in the 
self-government of the boys have been due 
to their lack of wisdom rather than to any 
wrong intent. They are given special help 
when such mistakes are made, and the re- 
sults have been gratifying. A splendid 
training in the assumption of responsibility, 
honesty, self-reliance and respect for au- 
thority is being given. 

Religious Training 

School gardens and industries, wholesome 
recreation, and self-governing hostels af- 
ford valuable means for character training. 
But they can never become a substitute for 
formal religious instruction. Rather, they 
provide the means for the expression of 
truths acquired in the classroom. 

One advantage of the boarding-school is 
that it gives us the boys every day of the 
week and every hour of the day. They are 
in constant contact with the weekly prayer 
service, the regular Sunday services, and 
with the station's religious program. A 
chapel period is common to all boardings, 
and in many there is a daily course in re- 
ligious instruction for each standard. At 
Ahwa two of the missionaries each had a 
regular class, while the rest of the teaching 
force took the other standards. At Bulsar 
also missionaries did regular teaching. 

During the year thirty-two boarding boys 
were baptized at Vyara, thirteen at Vali 
and thirteen at Bulsar. Nearly all our 
boarding pupils enter the kingdom as soon 
as they are old enough. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Medical Work in India 

Verna Blickenstaff 

DURING the year our medical work 
was in the homes and hearts of 
many who otherwise would not have 
been reached. Just as truly as a sound body 
and a sound mind go hand in hand, so also 
our medical work is a very vital part of our 
mission work. Is this not in accordance 
with the example of our Master Teacher? 
Did he not by some instinctive sympathy 
first find the sick, the poor, the demon-pos- 
sessed whenever he entered a community, 
and give them healing of body as well as 
of soul? How can we lack this sympathy 
and expect to win ' souls for Christ? 

Not one of our stations can escape hav- 
ing a small dispensary of its own. Our mis- 
sion stations being somewhat scattered, and 
not within easy reach of the doctor, he can 
be expected to see only the most severe 
cases. This makes it necessary for some 
missionary at each station to give out sim- 
ple remedies and, care for the common ills 
that are so prevalent throughout this coun- 
try. This is no small job, especially where 
there are large boarding-schools and large 
Christian communities. The inspection of 
our schools by our doctors is of course a 
great help in the prevention as well as in 
the cure of disease. 

The common people do not look for some 
one with an M. D. after his name. They do 
every missionary the honor of qualifying 
him with all power to cure the body as well 
ns the soul. How do we know this? By 
their questions. They would have us make 
lame donkeys to walk, to cast out evil spir- 
'ts, or in some mysterious or miraculous 
way, to make a strong body from one in 
which disease has had its course for years, 
and all this with two or three days' treat- 
ment. Our work is lacking in neither inter- 
est nor variety. 

The year 1924 was very busy for the med- 
ical staff. Having our three doctors on the 
field again is a great relief. In connection 
with the dispensaries at Bulsar and Dahanu 
are rooms to which the people can bring 
their sick in order to have them under bet- 
ter medical supervision. In these cases it is 
necessary for folks to care for their own 
sick much as they would do in their own 

homes. Many of these people like this ar- 
rangement better than to put their friends 
in a hospital and then leave them there 
alone. This is far from ideal, as any one 
can see. The doctor can never be quite 
sure as to what happens to his patient be- 
tween calls. Friends like to see what is un- 
der bandages, and they have their own no- 
tions about diet, fresh air, etc. 

We feel very greatly the need of real 
hospitals where we can have the patients 
in charge of nurses. As it is, many who 
must have hospital care must be sent great 
distances to other hospitals. We are able 
to do only simple operations, and are unable 
to train our own girls for nurses, but must 
send them away for training. Two of our 
girls have finished their nurses' training. 
One is helping in the dispensary work at 
Dahanu. The other has a position as teach- 
er in the girls' boarding-school at Ankles- 
var. Both are fine, capable Christians, com- 
ing from our own Christian families. At 
present three of our girls are away in train- 
ing, and three more are to go soon. 

The ladies at Anklesvar, who have charge 
of the girls' school, very much appreciate 
having a nurse in the school. From Sister 
Sadie's own words you will be able to un- 
derstand what a valuable asset she is to the 
school. She writes : " Her influence among 
the girls is very good. Besides caring for 
the sick ones, she sees that things in gen- 
eral are kept in a sanitary condition, in 
spects the rooms of the girls, helps keep 
them in control at mealtime, teaches health 
in the school and gives other instruction in 
the practical arts department. When called 
for obstetric cases, she responds gladly, and 
has proved her efficiency in this as well." 
We hope that in the near future other 
boardings may have such service as in the 
case cited. 

At Ahwa, where Bro. Ebey has been look- 
ing after the physical as well as the spirit- 
ual needs of the people, 1924 was a stren- 
uous year. Besides having a siege of flu 
there was much fever. During the month 
of October, while the flu was on, the daily 
average of new patients was thirty-four. 
Besides these, there were many return calls 
every day. 

During the year a place was made vacant 



The Missionary Visitor 


in our mission family by the calling home 
of one of our little ones, Beryl Butterbaugh. 
Still we can say, " His blessings are seven- 
fold." Has he not in turn given us seven 
new little lives to be the new life and joy 
of the mission family? As with all new 
missionaries, some of these little ones had 
their ups and downs getting started amid 
such strange environments. Yet we are glad 
to state that none of them has given up the 
fight, and at present all are making rapid 
strides both in growth and worldly wisdom. 
With the return of Dr. Xickey in May 
the medical work at Dahanu was again 
opened up. Many of our old friends ex- 
pressed their pleasure at her coming and 
have been our loyal patrons. 

Most of the patients at this place are of 
the poorer classes of our village people, who 
can pay only a mite for their medicines ; 
still they are given good medicine, just as 
though they were paying full price. It is 
only through the generosity of our brothers 
and sisters across the sea that this is made 

All in-patients receive daily a gospel mes- 
sage from some member of the staff. Much 
interest is shown in these messages and we 
know that it is seed from which there will 
be fruitage in due season. 

Two of our missionary babies were born 
here: Lois Anetta Mow and Raymond Lee 

Dr. Cottrell sends the following report 
from Bulsar : 

The Bulsar medical work of 1924 varied 
but little from that of the year previous. 
The general health of the public in our sec- 
tion was reasonably good, there being no 
severe, widespread epidemic. The daily 
average of attendance at the dispensary was 
fully as great as during any previous year, 
averaging a little fewer than 2,000 patients 
per month. The cash receipts from patients 
averaged about $728 per month. It was nec- 
essary for us to close the work for several 
months during the hot season while we 
were away from Bulsar. These occasional 
periods of enforced clogging of the doors 
are markedly detrimental to the growth of 
the work, but are unavoidable so long as 
there is only one doctor at a station. If 
you will grant us another doctor the work 

need not stop when one of us is away. 

The health of the missionaries during the 
year was not so good as during previous 
years. At the end of January Sister Anna 
Blough was brought to Bulsar on account 
of having a typhuslike fever. Though seri- 
ously ill for several days she made an ex- 
cellent recovery. In February Sister Grisso 
was granted a furlough a few weeks early, 
for health reasons. For some months Sister 
Mary Blickenstaff had been having consid- 
erable trouble, which was finally diagnosed 
as an inability of the nervous system to ad- 
iust itself to the tropical climate. She was 
at length sent to Landour, a hill station 
about 7,000 feet high, in the Himalaya 
Mountains. There she has made a good re- 
covery and is now enjoying excellent health. 
Sister Mabel Moomaw was with us for 
some time, due to a chronic ear infection, 
which threatened to involve the mastoid 
bone, but which fortunately yielded to 
treatment after several operations. Bro. 
Moomaw needed treatment several times, 
due to repeated malarial infections, an at- 
tack of influenza, and a mild pneumonia. 
On account of long-continued ill health it 
was finally considered advisable for Sister 
Replogle to return to America, where she 
might have the advantage of better medical 
facilities and a more favorable climate than 
can be had in India. She returned in 1925. 

The most serious illness of the year 
among our missionaries was that of Sister 
Goldie Swartz. She was brought to Bulsar 
from Vada Sept. 11, suffering from a severe 
attack of influenza. Later on typical pneu- 
monia developed, and still later, other in- 
fections, which prolonged her illness for 
some months. For a time it almost seemed 
that she could not recover, but many 
prayers in her behalf, as well as for those 
who cared for her, were answered by a 
slow but steady restoration to health and 

During the year three missionary babies 
were born at Bulsar: Delbert Kaylor, Feb. 
2; David R. Moomaw, Feb. 13; and Doro- 
thy Mae Summer, March 1. 

The nursing part of the work was carried 
on during the year by three nurses. From 
January to the end of March it was in 

(Continued on Page 169) 


The Missionary Visitor 



Baby Home, Umalla 

Olive Widdowson 

THE year 1924 in the Baby Home 
passed about as usual. Perhaps I 
should say, somewhat better than 
usual. We had no severe epidemics like the 
whooping cough of 1923. There has been 
the usual sickness, such as fever, boils, etc. 
Once we were exposed to smallpox, and 
most of the younger children had not been 
vaccinated. Dr. Nickey came to the rescue 
at once, and so we had nothing worse than 
a grumpy crowd for a while. 

Eight children, three boys and five girls, 
were taken during the year. Three were in 
a "very bad condition. One of these died 
after a few months. The other two are do- 
ing well. They are all from our Christian 
homes except two. All but one are mother- 
1 ess. Little Sumitra Renchord's mother is 
slowly dying of tuberculosis. (She has 
since passed away, so now all are mother- 
less.) One two-year-old boy's parents are 
dead. They were trying to care for him in 
his brother's home. When they brought 
him in his head was raw with itch, both 
ears festering, and the under side of his 
arm and his side were raw and suppurating 
from a bad burn, so they decided they could 

not care for him, and brought him to us. 

During the hot season Sister Kintner 
kindly left her work at Bulsar and came to 
look after the youngsters while I took a 
month's rest at the hills. The children speak 
yet of the " Big Mama " who took their pic- 
tures and gave them dollies. They started 
this distinction when Sister Himmelsbaugh 
was here. She was the " Big Mama " then. 
The women helping in the home often ask 
when the " Big Mama " is coming back and 
they always remember Sister Ida in their 
prayers, that she may recover and return to 

Just after the hot season vacation five of 
the older children were sent to the board- 
ing-schools : Two boys to Vali, one to Vy- 
ara, one girl to Anklesvar, and another to 
Jalalpur. We send them to the boarding 
nearest their home, or to the one in which 
they have relatives. 

At present we have twenty-one children 
in the home. One child, almost two years 
old now, was brought in when two months 
old, and has been cared for outside the 

There are children in the home from all 
the" Gujerat stations excepting Anklesvar, 
and several from the Marathi section. Our 

The Baby Home— Umalla 



The Missionary Visitor 


little four months' old baby is the child of 
Benabai, a woman who helped in this home 
two years, and then went to a home of her 
own. She died a short time ago, leaving a 
boy three years old and his sister two 
months old. The father brought them to us. 
We were especially glad for the toys and 
clothing for the children which friends sent 
with Sister Ziegler. The material contrib- 
uted by the Vacation Bible Schools will be 
very useful in the class we have with the 
children. Many respond well to teaching. 
Some are somewhat abnormal, but they are 
an interesting and mischievous group and I 
enjoy taking care of them. But I feel that 
more babies might be saved if the home 
were in charge of a nurse or within easy 
reach of medical help. Remember us in 
your prayers, that we may be a real help 
to the people whom we serve. 

Widows' Home 

Elizabeth Kintner 

THE home proper is hardly true to the 
above name, though it is still known 
by that term. I thought until just 
a few months ago that I had one real wid- 
ow, but in conversation with the women, 
one evening after prayers, I found that the 
husband of the one who, as I thought, was 
a widow, is still living, but had taken an- 
other wife a good many years ago. She was 
brought to Jalalpor four or five years ago 
and came to Bulsar in July, 1922. 

However, among those who are in part 
cared for by the fund we use here, are some 
widows who do not live in the home. Two 
who live at Vada have been helped in this 
way, and until recently at Dahanu one 
whose husband became temporarily insane 
and one whose husband deserted her sev- 
eral years ago have been wholly or in part 
supported by the fund. Three years ago 
last November we decided to extend our 
support to worthy widows who could partly 
support themselves and be cared for at oth- 
er stations. We feel it is not best to bring 
them here where perhaps we will not be 
able to give them much work, and thus have 
to support them almost entirely, if they can 
more largely support themselves and be 
protected at the places where they had lived. 
Manchi, the young non-Christian mother 

who, with her five-month-old baby and her 
seven-year-old brother came here in July, 
1923, was baptized April 19, 1924. She has 
done well in breaking away from her old 
customs. Aug. 5 she was married to a 

There were no deaths during the year; in 
fact, there have been none since 1920. 

Three of the women are able to work and 
earn part of their support, while the other 
three are wholly supported. I do not allow 
them to go off the compound for work ex- 
cept in our other Christian homes. One 
woman does the drawing of water at the 
home of one of our oldest Christian fam- 
ilies; another does some washing for the 
small boys at the boarding school; the 
third fills water at a home near, on the 
compound, and the three together do the 
limpuing work in the boarding-school. The 
blind woman is able sometimes to do a bit 
of knitting. The elderly woman I men- 
tioned (the one I thought was a widow) has 
poor health, and the other is somewhat deaf 
and a bit "off" at times, so they are unable 
to work. 

There were five children until August, 
four since that time. Manchi's brother was 
not counted in this, as he got his food from 
the boarding-school and went into the 
boarding-school to stay when Manchi was 

Pray for us, that we may be used to make 
the home a real spiritual as well as tem- 
poral blessing. 

A record of the March Financial Receipts 
which should appear in this issue is crowd- 
ed over into the July number for want of 
space here. 

Reports of Temperance, Lan- 
guage and Location of Mis- 
sionaries will appear in later 
issues of the Visitor. Lack of 
space here prevents. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Report of Africa 

(Continued from Page 207) 

10:10 — Six other reading classes taught by 

pupils in the first class. 
10:40— Recess. 
10:50 — First arithmetic class — second study 

period for reading classes. 
11 :20 — Four other arithmetic classes taught 

by pupils in first class. 
11 :50— Writing period and beginners' read- 
ing classes. 
12:20 — Class work closes. 

Pupils who work for the mission from 7 
to 9 and 1 : 30 to 4 receive 4 cents and 6 
cents per week for board. 

The largest two projects of the year were 
the providing of a building for the school 
and the preparation of a First Reader in 
Bura by Bro. Kulp. 

It is a great pleasure to state that a num- 
ber of the boys can read the First Reader 
through and some are able to make begin- 
nings in reading Mark's Gospel. 

With the help of your prayers we look 
forward to much blessing during 1925. 

Medical Work 

H. L. Burke, M. D. 

HE medical work during the past 
year was very encouraging. In the 


beginning the people came in large 
numbers for treatment, but gradually as 
our presence became more commonplace 
fewer people appeared. Calls into the 
homes of the sick were made from the very 
beginning, but often we had the feeling 
that we had been summoned only as a last 

We had nothing spectacular to deal with 
in the way of disease until about April, 
when a man came with a large elephantoid 
tumor. He had been ill for seven years and 
at last had been turned out into the bush, 
to be eaten by the wolves. He appealed to 
us and we operated upon him, but he was 
too weak and died shortly after operation. 

For the next few months only a few peo- 
ple came for treatment, and finally along 
in June and July only one would come 
every few days. 

In August another elephantiasis case ap- 
plied for treatment. He was convinced 

that he was going to die anyway, and so 
he would make short work of it by coming 
to us. He gave his clothes away before the 
operation, as he thought he would never 
have need of them again. However, he 
lived, and the sick began to come again. 
In October another similar case arrived 
and we removed a tumor which weighed 
fifty-nine pounds. This has helped the peo- 
ple to realize more than an)^thing else that 
we can help them sometimes when they 
are sick. 

The people are no longer afraid to stay at 
the hospital, and in fact some want to stay 
when it is not necessary. The outlook for 
1925 is good. As 1924 closes there are those 
waiting for the new supplies to arrive, that 
we can properly care for them. Many are 
coming for daily treatment. Pray that our 
medical work may be a way of opening 
the doors of the hearts of this people to the 
message of our Christ. 

The Sweden Mission 

(Continued from Page 205) 

of the most interesting features of our work 
in Malmo church is the Berean Bible Class. 
We expect fruits to ripen from this work. 
We have harvested some ; more will mature 
in time. 

Our District Meeting convened March 25, 
and in our judgment was one of best and 
most aggressive since we have been in Swe- 
den. The statistics show a small growth in 
membership and an agreeable increase in 
offerings, though times are harder. Of spe- 
cial interest is the forming of an associated 
organization for Young People's Work in 
the Church of the Brethren in Sweden. We 
have also established an evangelistic fund 
with the first pledge of seventy kroner from 
a brother. This is a good step in the right 

Financial Report of District Expenditures 
for 1924 


Balance from 1923 Kr. 797.36 

From General Mission Board ....11,945.00 

Receipts for home mission work 474.73 13,217.09 


Five native workers' support 10,380.00 

Traveling expenses 815.00 

House and hall rents 1,706.00 

Miscellaneous 284.61 13,185.61 

Balance to 1925 Kr. 31.48 

Rate of exchange, $1 equals Kroner 3.73. 


The Missionary Visitor 


India Mission Statistical Report, 1924 



Gujarati — First Dist. 

Marathi— Second Dist. 

Date of opening 

Staff, American men . 
Staff, Amer. women 

Staff, Indian men 

Staff, Indian women . 




Land, area acres 

Land under cultivation 
Value of land ($) .... 
Value of equipment, 
buildings, etc., ($) 

Evangelists, men 

Evang., Bible women . 

Villages occupied 

Villages to be evangel. 
Population to be evan. 
Families in homes 

owned by mission . . 
Christian families ii 

their own homes .... 











34,800 4,000 














































































30 1 386 

151 316 





































































































1. Name of District 

Gujarati — First Dist. 

Marathi — 
Second Dist. 

2. Name of station 











3. Organized churches 

4. Members at beginning of year 

5. Number baptized 

6. Received by letter 

7. Dismissed by letter 

8. Died 

9. Disowned 

10. Reinstated 

11. Elders 

12. Ministers— Indian 

13. Ministers — American 

14. Deacons 

15. Council meetings 

16. Love feasts 

17. Places of regular meeting 

18. Members at end of year 

19. Adherents 

20. Villages with Christians 

21. Contributions (not stated elsewhere) ($) 



242(160 318 1,309 

48J132) 80 












381 4| 





The Missionary Visitor 




Name of District 

Gujarati — First Dist. 

Second Dist. 

Name of Station 

Total number of Sunday-schools 

Number of teachers 

Amount total offering ($) 

Amount given to missions ($) 


Average attendance 

Pupils baptized during year 

Christians in villages 

Christians attending Sunday-school , 

Preparation for examination 

Teachers' meetings 

Number in teacher- training class .. 

Passed in teacher training 

Entered Sunday-school examination 
Passed Sunday-school examination .. 

Received honors (1st class) , 

Received honors (2d class) 

Front line Sunday-schools 

Banner Sunday-schools 

Star Sunday-schools 





28 21 


1 1 
79|166|563| 75 




13 1 23 

70 11 



















4|' 1,1151 811 

A. Village Schools 


Gujarati — 
First Dist. 

Second Dist. 


Village day schools 

Village night schools 

Village school teachers 


Average attendance 

Number of boys 

Number of girls 

Christian pupils 

Non-Christian pupils 

Lower primary, below 3d S. . 
Lower primary, 3d and 4th S. 
Upper primary, 5th and 6th S 

Passed examination 

Government grants ($) 


1 165 
I 29 


50 1 14 

I 30 53 








10| H|165| 2125J 
















50 1 20] 

5| 8| 































The Missionary Visitor 


B. Boarding School Statistics for 1924 


Name of School 

P > 






















— . 































i . 








■" ■ 





































































































































Number of teachers 

Day pupils, boys 

Day pupils, girls 

Total day pupils 

Boarding pupils, boys 

Boarding pupils, girls 

Total boarding pupils 

Total enrollment fl70|181 

Passed examination j 109' 119 

Lower primary below 3d std [44(59 

Lower primary 3d and 4th std i 41 1 21 

Upper primarv 5th and 6th std | 22] 39 

Pupils baptized | 14| 21 j 

Christian pupils | 911147] 

Total average cost per pupil ($) I 40| 

Government grants ($) (288 337 

1 14| 








13| 32| 
94 | 651 
38 37 














401 37 




C. Scholarships and Training Department 1924 

Teacher training college students 

Learning English 

Medical and industrial students 

Total training students, men 

Total training students, women 

Grand total, training students 

D. Summary of Educational Statistics 

Total number mission schools 

Total teaching force, men 

Total teaching force, women 

Grand total teaching force 

Total under instruction, males 

Total under instruction, females 

Grand total under instruction 


17 42 96 











591 816 


























§ I 

« 1 "T, 
rt cd 






Groups tenting or touring 









1 7 ^ 















































































































Number of weeks tenting or touring 

Missionaries tenting or touring 

Indians tenting or touring 

Villages where meetings were held 

Bibles sold 

New Testaments sold 

Gospels sold 

Tracts sold 

Tracts distributed free 

Vernacular periodicals used 

Sunday-school quarterlies used 

District Meeting offering 


The Missionary Visitor 




Hospitals or dispensaries 

Doctors, American 

Nurses, American 

Doctors, Indian 

Nurses, Indian 

New cases 

Repeated calls 

Total calls at dispensary- 
Daily average 


Obstetrical cases 

Minor operations 

Receipts in dollars 

Expenditures in dollars 





















































* For 8 months. 
** For 6 months. 
*** For 9 months. 


| 1924 


1 8 


Number girls 

j 8 



1 16 


Under school age „• 



VIII. HOMES— Baby Home, Umalla 

Total children for year 

Entered boarding school 


Number in Home close of year 


1924 | 1923 

Number of women at close of year 
Number of children at close of year 


The Missionary Visitor 


The China Mission 

Report for the Year 1924 

A General Survey 

Minor M. Myers 

IT takes time to accomplish great things 
for God. This is doubly true in a non- 
Christian land. In this survey I shall 
speak only of some tendencies within and 
without our mission. 

Indigenous Idea. There is a marked 
growth and expression of new life in China 
on the part of the Christians to make the 
church indigenous. Church literature in 
China for the last three years has been 
stressing the idea, and all forward-looking 
Christian workers hope, pray and labor for 
that day to arrive, for if the Christian 
church in China becomes one that has its 
setting, its roots deep, in the social and 
thought life of the people, the powers for 
Christianizing this great country will be 
multiplied many times. The message will 
have force and appeal, being adapted to the 
conditions and needs of the people, bring- 
ing conviction and a new life to multitudes 
who are not reached now. Some say that 
foreigners alone could never evangelize 
China in a real sense, if attempted even 
with increasing numbers. Hence the im- 
portance of a normal, healthy growth of 
this native church idea. 

The contagion of this indigenous idea did 
not reach our Christians as soon as it did 
some other missions, for our work is young, 
but there were many evidences of it the 
past year, and we missionaries welcome it 
most heartily. The urgent task now is to 
encourage and direct its growth, that the 
very best may be realized. The closest 
brotherly cooperation is necessary to ob- 
tain the choicest results. And in a plan 
adopted some time ago by our mission, 
whereby our Chinese brethren may share 
more equally the various responsibilities of 
the work, we are planning to emphasize 
and develop native leadership more than 
was previously done. Our General Mis- 
sion Board has approved this plan, and this 
year we had our first regular meeting in 
which mission business was considered and 
transacted. The delegates of this body are 

slightly more Chinese than foreign, which 
we feel ought to be so. We are confident 
that by this plan our native members will 
take an active part in the work. In fact, 
that was an immediate result. During the 
meeting there prevailed the finest brother- 
ly spirit of consideration, frankness and 
seriousness in all the discussions and views 
expressed on questions considered. We 
were united in spirit, working for the one 
great cause. Everybody was pleased with 
the meeting and went away feeling happy, 
praising God. From now on our Chinese 
brethren will not only be consulted on 
methods, policies and budgets for our sev- 
eral lines of work, but they will also help 
decide what they shall be and then, we 
hope, enthusiastically see to it that the de- 
cisions are carried out. It is still a venture 
of faith, but we live and work by faith. 
This faith has borne fruits, for since the 
meeting the evangelistic workers have 
shown greater zeal for and keener interest 
in their work than ever before. 

A new feature tried several months this 
year in our evangelistic efforts was " tent 
preaching." Bro. O. C. Sollenberger gave in 
the February Visitor an account of the first 
tent meeting. The plan is to spend several 
weeks at one place, and then move on to 
another. Although this method of evangel- 
ism in rural districts is new with us and 
not perfected, it promises to be a decided 
improvement over our old way, that is, 
of opening out-stations at different places 
with an employed evangelist to look after 
the work. At a small expense the Gospel 
is brought to the people — in a very general 
way, of course, but in a way that creates 
a desire for more. And this desire for and 
interest in the Gospel is just the thing that 
we are eager to have created. It is then 
that people are likely to accept the gospel 
teaching and from the heart apply it in 
their lives. 

Rural Districts Open for the Gospel. We 
are glad to say that several villages are 
calling for some one to come to preach for 
them and teach them, and we feel sure 


The Missionary Visitor 



that others will do likewise from time to 
time. Such calls usually are backed by a 
willingness to provide a place for worship 
and to furnish most of the necessary equip- 
ment. Other things being equal the seed 
sown in this kind of soil will bring forth 
an early harvest. 

Growth and Local Funds. A larger num- 
ber were added to the church this year, 
more patients came to the hospitals for 
medical treatment than last year, and the 
schools were running at full capacity for 

the most part. The Women's Bible Schools 
did splendid work. The industrial work for 
women, under the direction of Mrs. Bright, 
and Airs. Crumpacker before she left on 
furlough, is a most nourishing enterprise, 
which is not only self-supporting but makes 
a surplus more than sufficient to care for 
the women's evangelistic work at Ping 
Ting for two years, 1925 and 1926. Along 
with the growth in work done are the en- 
larged contributions and funds raised lo- 
cally, which can be seen in the statistical 

















































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Show Yang, 

25 1 15|129| 73 
501 25I370J161 
20 1 101 70! 20 

281 24 
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54 347 

" 584 

2301 1700| 
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1 37 

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3\ 951 50|569|254| 43| 44 1 218| 112|445| 4| 2| 1584) 480 1 9975 1 4225|343| 21] 52 

*A Mexican dollar is equal to about fifty cents in American money 


The Missionary Visitor 


report in this issue of the Visitor. We are 
striving for a gradual greater sharing of 
the financial obligations on the part of our 
Chinese brethren. This year, largely 
through the energetic and persistent efforts 
of the staff, the Ping Ting medical budget 
was more than half raised on the field. The 
schools are increasing their fees at irregu- 
lar intervals. Among the workers generally 
the habit of giving is growing, but not very 
rapidly. It should be said that local re- 
ceipts of our institutional work do not come 
largely from our Christians. But that 
makes no difference. An institution that is 
serving the community should be support- 
ed by it as nearly as possible. This is not 
only to relieve the Board and home church, 
but also for the healthy growth and useful- 
ness of the institution itself. We pray for 
the time when all our work can be cared 
for by funds raised on the field, but that 
time has not arrived yet. 

New Work and Larger Force at Tai Yuan. 
All of our work in Tai Yuan is new, but 
the women's evangelistic work did not be- 
gin until August of this year, when Miss 
Ullom and her associate. Mrs. Chang, took 
charge of that work, while efforts among 
men started one year previous. Through 
their labors the work is opening up grad- 
ually, and in time we are hoping to have 
a number of influential activities among the 

women of this city, for it is a most un- 
worked, needy field. Our future church de- 
pends much upon the women. 

New Building. Our building program was 
reduced to a minimum this year because of 
short funds. The medical work at Liao has 
been greatly facilitated by the newly- 
altered and enlarged hospital building, 
which is commodious and conveniently ar- 
ranged, increasing the capacity of the hos- 
pital and the service it can render. This 
will supply building needs there for some 
years. Dr. Horning gave no little time and 
thought in investigating hospital plants, so 
that the best could be obtained for the 
least expense. It is needless to say that 
our builder, Bro. Bright, worked faithfully 
with Dr. Horning and they have succeeded 

Our great need is native leaders, men- 
mentally and spiritually-trained men and 
women; leaders whom Jesus would call 
leaders that would be servants of all. We 
are glad to report that we have a few very 
promising young men and women who will 
soon be capable of rendering valuable serv- 
ice. Several of our high-school graduates 
helped this year. So far we have been 
training workers only for teachers and 
preachers, and we need limited numbers for 
these positions, but we need also very badly 
leaders in Christian business and farming 

FINANCES (In Mexican Dollars)* 

































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For lack of space a detailed story J 
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is the Annual Report. In it will be { 

found a full financial report, show- { 

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ing where mission money came j 

from and where it was spent. The j 

reports from the various workers j 

indicate the accomplishments of the 

missionary enterprise for the year 

1924. . 


The Missionary Visitor 


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and trades — everyday life. And to this 
problem of training useful laymen our for- 
eign group is giving considerable thought, 
but as yet it is not solved. It is obvious 
that we need another type of training in 

addition to what we have. The great mass- 
es of China, though not all, are not only 
poor, but in the poverty class, and their liv- 
ing is a bare existence even in years of 
plenty, while in years of short crops they 
have to suffer. We want to help them to 
help themselves. Mere general or academic 
training cannot do this to a large extent, 
but if supplemented by vocational training 
the graduate, as well as his neighbors, 
should be able to earn a better living. 
Something like Tuskegee for Negroes might 
meet our need. I mention this to indicate 
the growing sentiment on our mission for 
something in addition to what we have. 

Our first disturbance of any consequence 
in our schools took place this year in the 
form of student strikes. Strikes by stu- 
dents have been prevalent throughout the 
country for several years largely in gov- 
ernment schools. This is a most fruitless 
method from a Westerner's viewpoint, and 
his way of handling that kind of a situation 
would be to make it totally useless, which 
would discourage a similar attempt in the 
future. Those in authority coped with the 
situation in a creditable manner. However, 
the students are not so much to be blamed, 
for they were used as tools by a jealous 
teacher or two to further their selfish ends. 
We are hoping that this will not occur 
again, for it will injure and has injured our 
work somewhat; moreover, I am sure that 
we shall profit by the unpleasant experi- 

Anti-christian sentiment is growing in 
China at a rapid rate. There has been, of 
course, anti-Christian and anti-foreign sen- 
timent in this country in one form or an- 
other and to a greater or lesser degree 
ever since the man from the West came, 
but it has taken on a more intelligent na- 
ture the last four or five years. These anti- 
movements formerly were agitated by the 
uneducated, while now they are supported 
and promulgated by the literati, the most 
influential class in the country. And just 
recently this movement has allied itself 
with a group of political agitators, Bolshe- 
vik adherents, hence the possibilities of 
large consequences. 

The Christian church from the West 
thrives in the midst of military strength 


The Missionary Visiter 


and capitalistic power and is not separated 
from them or the merciless and soul-less 
materialism of the West; hence mission- 
aries are representatives and agents of 
these countries from which China has suf- 
fered, so the criticism goes. And trade has 
followed the missionary into the remote 
places, not always helping to promote good 
will among men. There are other criti- 
cisms, too, and as we would expect, some 
are false, some are based on half truth, 
while others are true and cannot be denied. 
This is a testing time for the church in 
China. But we are glad to say that it is not 
Christ against whom the criticism is made, 
but the church, Christ's followers. Space 
does not permit a full presentation of the 
subject in this paper; however, I wanted to 
point out one or two things about it, and 
the fact that its influence is greater and 
more far-reaching than at any time here- 

The work of our own mission is for the 
most part in the country districts; there- 
fore we do not feel the effects of this anti- 
sentiment so keenly as city workers do. 
And on the whole our work has grown in 
a very satisfactory way, showing evidence 
in new life, larger vision, and a deepened 
purpose and interest in the cause of our 
Lord. The year has closed with most prom- 
ising prospects, both in the openness and 
the receptiveness on the part of the peo- 
ple for the Gospel. This is not a time to 
slack up, but rather to press harder, in 
our efforts and financial support which 
make these efforts possible. 

Men's and Women's Evangelistic 

O. C. Sollenberger 

THE year 1924 is past. We have not 
accomplished all that might have 
been done ; however, as we look back 
over the year's work we find some indica- 
tions of progress, and so we are pressing 
forward toward the evangelization of 
China's teeming millions. 

At Ping Ting the year's work began with 
the week of evangelism. At this time all of 
our available forces were put into the field 
to witness for the Savior, either by singing, 
preaching or personal work. Through this 

special effort upwards of a hundred vil- 
lages w^ere visited and many thousands of 
people were reached with the Gospel. At 
present the country people seem more re- 
sponsive than those of the city. Last Au- 
gust in a district about forty miles from 
Ping Ting city we baptized forty-two in a 
near-by river, and there are other districts 
as promising as this one. 

During the summer months special efforts 
were made through Vacation Bible Schools. 
We had seven schools — three for girls and 
four for boys — with a total enrollment of 
about 150. The schools were taught by 
some of the older pupils of the boys' and 
girls' schools. 

One thing that has helped the progress of 
the work at Ping Ting was the return of 
Pastor Yin from Chi Nan University. He 
is our first theological graduate and is do- 
ing splendid work. 

The Women's Bible School, superintend- 
ed by Miss Horning, had an average en- 
rollment for the year of forty pupils. The 
advanced class took full work, while most 
of the rest spent only half time, due to 
home duties and outside work to meet ex- 
penses. The school gave several plays il- 
lustrating Bible scenes and the care of chil- 
dren and the sick in the home. Some of 
the women brought joy and gladness into 
many lives by their teaching in the homes, 
visiting in the hospital and the prison. 

The country evangelistic work is also un- 
der Miss Homing's care. During the spring 
and summer two paid native women evan- 
gelists visited sixty-four villages, teaching 
the Bible and lecturing and showing lan- 
tern pictures to about 6,000 people. 

One very marked feature of our work 
has been the close cooperation of various 
departments in the evangelistic efforts. An 
evidence of this cooperation is our tent 
meetings, which began last October. In 
these meetings the men and women work 
together. When one could be spared from 
the hospital a medical man was furnished, 
who administered to the sick, thus opening 
many hearts to the sowing of gospel seeds. 

In November and December Bible classes 
were held for Christian laymen who wished 
to know more about the Bible. Twenty- 
seven were enrolled in these classes. At 


The Missionary Visitor 


the same time applicants for baptism were 
instructed, after which sixty-five men, 
women and children were received into 
the church by Christian baptism. The fol- 
lowing evening we held our love feast, at 
which 280 communed. 

At Liao, one thing of importance was the 
taking over of two counties from. the China 
Inland Mission, the transfer being effected 
by our mission representatives, Brethren 
Crumpacker and R. C. Flory, and Mr. Wil- 
liams of the C. I. M. These two counties 
joining the Liao territory will be worked 
from that station. Soon after the transfer 
was made Bro. Flory located a native evan- 
gelist at one of the county seats, and re- 
ports that the work is opening up nicely. 
Miss Senger has spent some time in the 
territory and reports splendid opportunities 
for work among the women. 

Miss Senger, with her two Bible women, 
visited forty-two villages the past year. At 
these places they taught the Bible and gave 
" Baby Welfare " lectures. They also at- 
tended several fairs, where they found will- 
ing listeners to the gospel story. At Ma 
Tien she attended the first Christian wed- 
ding of the village. This village has the 
most flourishing out-station of the whole 
mission. The Christians there observed 
Christmas and Chinese New Year in a very 
appropriate manner. One family gathered 
in their courtyard on New Year's Eve and 
sang praises to God, while their neighbors 
worshiped the gods of heaven and earth. 
This is encouraging, for it indicates that 
Christianity is gripping the Christians in a 
real way. 

The Women's Bible School at Liao, under 
Miss Hutchison's direction, made a steady 
and healthy growth the past year. The ef- 
fort that some of the students made to at- 
tend school shows that they are beginning 
to realize the value of an education. Some 
ate at home, did their housework and car- 
ried their children to school with them. 
Others lived in the school court, where they 
cooked and sewed for themselves, besides 
attending school, seldom missing a class. 
Thus far the motto of the school, " Every 
pupil a Christian," has been realized in the 
lives of those who have remained in school 
a sufficient time. The advanced class of 

seven women will graduate this spring. 
These women have done splendid work in 
teaching Bible classes in Liao. 

Miss Hutchison also has charge of the 
women's evangelistic work in Liao and the 
near-by villages. During the week of evan- 
gelism forty-two Christian women and girls 
visited twenty-one villages where they 
taught in 122 homes and reached nearly 
3,000 people. Besides these efforts four Va- 
cation Bible Schools were successfully con- 
ducted in the villages by some of the older 

A Bible class led by Bro. Flory at Liao 
had its climax in the baptism of thirty- 
seven men, women and school-children, for 
which we praise the heavenly Father. 

At Shou Yang, in spite of a handicap 
due to several going home on furlough, and 
the lack of a Chinese pastor, the work has 
gone forward in a very commendable way. 

Bro. Smith, who took charge of the men's 
evangelistic work in Bro. Heisey's ab- 
sence, says that one of the most encour- 
aging features was the interest the native 
Christians took in Christian stewardship. 
During the year they contributed about 
100,000 cash. This does not represent a 
large sum when translated into American 
dollars, but in China it means what an 
average of two dollars per member would 
be in the States, where living standards are 
much higher. 

Further evidence of growth and interest 
was shown last April when seventeen were 
received into the church by baptism. Fol- 
lowing this the church enjoyed one of the 
best love feasts ever held at Shou Yang. 

Miss Dunning took charge of the wom- 
en's work in September, but is still giv- 
ing half time to the language. The Wom- 
en's Bible School, of which she is super- 
intendent, opened last fall with an enroll- 
ment of four, two being added later. This 
enrollment may seem small, but this is only 
the second year of the school and it takes 
time and patience to get the women in- 
terested in learning to read. Outside of 
school hours the native Bible woman has 
been visiting in the homes of Shou Yang 
and near-by villages. Miss Dunning ac- 
companies her on these visits part of the 


The Missionary Visitor 


Tai Yuan Fu, our youngest station, has 
made considerable progress since the work 
opened. A new chapel was recently se- 
cured, the old one being too small to ac- 
commodate the crowds. During the year 
fourteen men were baptized, and quite a 
number of inquirers enrolled. With those 
baptized the previous half year they now 
have a nucleus of twenty members, besides 
those who have joined them from other 
places. Tai Yuan Fu being the capital of 
the province it naturally draws many peo- 
ple, and not being connected with any 
church they become indifferent. One of 
the lines of work engaged in was seeking 
out such persons and giving them a church 
home. Other lines were Vacation Bible 
Schools, special meetings for students of 
the government schools, and Bible clas^e- 
in the chapel and various places in the city. 

Last fall Mr. and Mrs. Ikenberry and 
Miss Ullom took up their abode in Tai 
Yuan. Mr. Ikenberry has taken over the 
Y. M. C. A. work, leaving Mr. Myers to 
give his time to the evangelistic work. 
Miss Ullom is inaugurating work among 
women and girls. Thus far she and her 
Chinese assistant have spent much of their 
time in getting acquainted with the people. 
They have started several Bible and Eng- 
lish classes with the women and children. 

Two schools have been opened, in the 
station compound under the auspices of the 
Popular Education Movement. One of 
these schools is for boys and one for girls. 
The}- are in session two hours each day for 
four months. Many poor children, and 
those too old to attend regular schools, thus 
have an opportunity to learn to read and 

Before closing I must say a word about 
the splendid conferences and retreats that 
some of our workers have had the privilege 
of attending. One was held at Yuteho and 
one at Taiku, neighboring mission stations 
of the American Board. Those attending 
these conferences spoke very highly of 
their spiritual value. One of the greatest 
treats, however, was our own evangelistic 
conference of ten days last fall at Liao. 
Most of our workers, both Chinese and 
foreign, were there. Classes in Bible study 
and other subjects bearing on evangelism 
were held each day, and lectures were given 
in the evening. Pastor Ch'en, of the Lon- 
don Mission, gave us several inspiring mes- 
sages, which stirred us to do more for the 

So much for the work of our evangelistic 
department. There are many things which 
could be said, but for lack of space I will 
close. Yes. we have made mistakes and per- 

The Tent Is Taken From Village to Village in Evangelistic Work. Pastor Yin Wears the Dark Glasses 


The Missionary Visitor 



haps left undone things that should have 
been done. But we are pressing forward, 
trusting that God will bless our efforts, and 
that ere long those who are still in heathen 
darkness may be led into the light of our 
Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. 

Inventory of Mission Property, 
Dec. 31, 1924 

Ping Ting 

Chinese house, formerly occupied by 

F. H. C $ 500.00 

Chinese helpers' court, Ku Ku Ssu 2,600.00 

Cemetery, land and wall 350.00 

City compound, (3 sections) land and wall 

43 l / 2 mou 8,600.00 

East suburb compound, 25 mou, land and 

wall 5,400.00 

East city wall plot, land only 2,200.00 

Church, buildings and equipment 5,500.00 

Boys' School, buildings and equipment . . 10,700.00 
Girls' School, buildings and equipment and 

furnace 6,400.00 

Women's Bible school, buildings and 

equipment 2,500.00 

Hospital, buildings, furnace, equipment, 

and X-Ray 40,000.00 

Res. No. 1, buildings 3,500.00 

Res. No. 2, buildings 5,000.00 

Res. No. 3, buildings 5,300.00 

Res. No. 4, buildings 5,300.00 

Res. No. 5, buildings 5,200.00 

Res. No. 6, buildings 5,200.00 

Chinese Dr's Res., buildings 500.00 

Electric Light Plant, building machinery, 

cables, meters, 7,000.00 

Auto and garage 1,675.00 

Liao Chou 

South St. property, land and buildings ... $ 1,200.00 

Cemetery, land and wall (terrace support) 275.00 

Chapel land and old buildings (city square) 5,900.00 
Boys' School, land and wall (includes 

Chinese courts) (-11^) 2,800.00 

East suburb compound, 40 mou, land 

and wall 5,300.00 

Church, building, furnace and clock 12,300.00 

Boys' School, buildings, furnace and 

equipment 12,500.00 

Girls' School, buildings, furnace and 

equipment 8,000.00 

Hospital, buildings, furnace and equip- 
ment 27,500.00 

Residence No. 1, buildings 5,200.00 

Residence No. 2, buildings 4,800.00 

Residence No. 3, buildings 4,800.00 

Residence No. 4, buildings (for supplies) 1,500.00 

Chinese doctor's residence, buildings 300.00 

Middle School land, land only 220.00 

Kindergarten equipment, part of building 

and equipment 70.00 

Auto and garage 1,500.00 

Electric light system, engine for power .. 900.00 

Shou Yang 
Chinese courts, land and buildings for 

chapel, Girls' School, Woman's School, 

small court for Chinese workers $ 4,900.00 

Foreign residences, large English res., 

and semi-foreign res. and land 12,900.00 

South compound, land and wall 3,000.00 

Chinese quarters, courts for teachers 

(two for foreign home now) 2,500.00 

Boys' School, buildings, furnace and 

equipment 23,100.00 

Medical, Chinese court for dispensary 1,000.00 

$ 47,400.00 

Total $264,890.00 

Educational Work in China 

Mary E. Cline 

THE mission schools of China may be 
classified as main station schools 
and out-station schools, the former 
being for the most part boarding-schools, 
and the latter being day-schools. At the 
main stations there are seven schools, a 
boys' school and a girls' school each at Ping 
Ting, Liao Chow, and Show Yang, and also 
a coeducational school and kindergarten 
at Liao Chow which has been supervised 
apart from the other schools of the station. 
At the out-stations this year, ten schools 
have been maintained, seven for boys and 
three for girls. Of these, seven are direct- 
ed from the Ping Ting station, five for boys 
and two for girls. One of the latter was 
closed the fall term because of the sickness 
and death of the teacher. It was to be re- 
opened this spring (1925). The remaining 
three schools are under the supervision of 
Liao Chow, two for boys and one for girls. 
The one for girls, however, was closed in 
the fall because a suitable teacher was not 
found for the place. 

The total enrollment for the year in all 
of these schools reached a little over 1,000, 
though there were probably not that many 
in attendance at any one time. Almost 700 
of these were in the boys' schools, about 
180 in the girls' schools, seventy-three in 
the coeducational schools, and sixty-five in 
the kindergartens. 

The kindergartens at both Ping Ting and 
Liao Chow have grown rapidly. At Liao 
Chow, in June the second class was grad- 
uated, fifteen in number. Graduating ex- 
ercises were held, to which the children's 
mothers and friends were invited. The 
Missionary Ladies' Welfare Club furnished 
refreshments, and all enjoyed a social hour 
after the exercises. 

At Liao Chow in the fall of the previous 
year the first grades of the boys' and girls' 
schools were organized into a coeducational 
day-school, and at the beginning of this 
year the second grades were added to this 
school. Thus the enrollment of the boys' 
and girls' schools was somewhat affected 
by the removal of these classes, usually the 
largest of the school. This school, with the 


The Missionary Visitor 


kindergarten, has had its own superintend- 
ent since its organization, but it is planned 
that later it will be supervised by the di- 
rector of the girls' school. At Ping Ting a 
coeducational school has been in operation 
for several years, and also consists of the 
first and second grades. This school has, 
from the first, been under the direction of 
the head of the girls' school. 

The schools have now grown until Jun- 
ior Middle Schools have been started in 
each of the boys' schools at the three sta- 
tions, this fall Liao Chow having good 
classes in all three years, Ping Ting and 
Show Yang each having first and second- 
year classes. The girls' schools have not 
grown so rapidly, because the Chinese have 
not yet become educated to the idea and 
the importance of educating their girls. 
But in the fall this year the second year of 
Middle School was added to the Ping Ting 
School. The number in the two classes 
was nine, two coming from the Liao Chow 
Girls' School. The school last named is of 
higher primary grade. The Show Yang 
Girls' School, during the first part of the 
year, maintained the first year of higher 
primary, but due to the scarcity of teachers 
and to the small number in the class, as 
well as a matter of economy, it was thought 
best to send the higher primary students 
to Ping Ting, at least for this next session. 
So in the fall this was done, and the Show 
Yang school gave work only in the lower 

While we still have some difficulty in se- 
curing teachers, that is being felt less as 
time passes and as students who have gone 
up through our own schools become fitted 
to fill these positions. With the opening of 
schools this fall about three-fourths of our 
total number of teachers were formerly 
students in our schools. We are glad for 
these, because they show an interest that 
the average outside teacher does not, and 
after a few more years we hope to be able 
to select the best from our number and 
thus raise the standard of our schools, both 
pedagogically and spiritually. 

Our schools, as a whole, have not had as 
much industrial work as we might wish 
for. We feel the need of giving to the stu- 
dents more that they can make use of after 

leaving school, and that will not only help 
them to help themselves, but to make China 
a better China to live in. The girls are 
taught sewing and various forms of needle- 
work, as knitting, crocheting, tatting, etc. 
The Middle School boys at Ping Ting the 
past year did some practical shop work, 
two hours per week. They were employed 
in wood and iron, repairing window blind 
rollers, making bolts, repairing bicycles, 
half-soling shoes and the like. One eight- 
inch globe was made complete. The boys 
enjoy this kind of activity; they like to do 
things, and this is certainly a much-needed 
form of education in China. 

By means of a special gift sent out by a 
children's Sunday-school class more than 
$40 was put into playground apparatus in 
the Liao Chow Boys' School. A beginning 
also has been made in supplying a little 
laboratory equipment, but the equipment 
now on hand is very meager and much 
more is needed. 

During the spring a number of the 
schools suffered from an epidemic of scar- 
let fever, as a result of which the Show 
Yang Girls' School lost one girl, and the 
Liao Chow Coeducational School and Kin- 
dergarten lost five of their number. In the 
Liao Chow Girls' School almost every pupil 
and two of the teachers had the disease, 
but all in a more or less mild form. In the 
Boys' School at the same place a number of 
cases broke out, but none of them proved 

During the year thirty-eight boys and 
girls were received into the church through 
baptism — twenty-eight boys and ten girls. 
They came into the church as a result of 
the Christian teaching received in the 
schools. In addition to the regular Bible in- 
struction, which is a part of the curriculum, 
and the daily chapel exercises, there are 
student religious organizations. The boys' 
schools all have regular Y. M. C. A. work, 
and the girls' schools either have regular Y. 
W. C. A. work or junior Y. W. C. A. work, 
or both, as in the case of Ping Ting. At 
the other two schools, Liao Chow and Show 
Yang, the girls are younger, and the Y. or- 
ganizations have been changed to Rainbow 
Clubs— that is, Junior Y. W. C. A. 

During the summer a number of boys and 


The Missionary Visitor 


girls from the Ping Ting and Liao Chow 
schools were again engaged in Daily Vaca- 
tion Bible School work. They seemed glad 
for the opportunity to tell to others the 
story of Jesus, and as a whole they did very 
creditable work. 

Thirteen years have now passed since the 
republic of China was established. But is 
she a substantial, flourishing republic in 
which the rights of the people are the first 
consideration? Far from it. She has a 
president — a provisional one at least — but 
he is a figurehead, being the tool of the 
militarists. First one military leader arises 
and gains control until another one comes, 
stronger than the first. He in turn takes 
the reins in his hands, with no thought of 
the suffering and hardships thus laid upon 
the people, but only of the gain for himself. 
This same spirit of selfishness seems to pre- 
vail in every walk of life, so it is not sur- 
prising that our schools have not been left 
untouched. Several recent experiences have 
shown that this spirit has been at work 
among our so-called Chinese Christians; 
jealousy, one of the worst forms of selfish- 
ness, being at the root of the trouble. The 
first of these experiences was in the Show 
Yang Boys' School. In the fall school 
opened with ninety students enrolled, over 
fifty being in the Middle School, and a 
teaching force of seven. The outlook for a 
prosperous school year seemed most en- 
couraging. But in less than two months, 
conditions, brought about by trouble among 
the teachers, had arisen that altered the 
outlook and made necessary a few changes. 
The third month began with sixty students 
in school and four teachers still on the job. 
Since then other teachers have been found, 
and at the close of the year everything was 
moving along very nicely. 

The second of these experiences occurred 
in the Liao Chow Boys' School shortly be- 
fore Christmas, concerning which Mr. Bow- 
man, the superintendent, has written : "One 
event in the school which has caused great 
concern and, at least temporarily, demor- 
alizes the school, was a strike by the stu- 
dents against the Chinese principal. It is 
definitely known that the prime movers in 
this action were not the students, but two 
of the teachers and one out-station evangel- 

ist. It appears that it is largely the result 
of jealousy. Most of the accusations 
against the principal were rather trivial and 
some were not true. While less than one- 
fourth of the students were still in school 
at the end of the year, it is definitely known 
that a large per cent of those who left had 
no grievance at all, but in a mob spirit fol- 
lowed the leaders and did not know the 
cause of their leaving. We are doing what 
we can to encourage the primary students 
to return for the next term's work. It is 
felt, however, that the Middle School stu- 
dents should know what they are about be- 
fore acting so rashly; therefore, we think 
it best to receive but very few, if any, of 
them during the remainder of this year, 
and at least require them to fall back one 
class as a punishment for their behavior. 
Furthermore, all grants-in-aid are consid- 
ered to have been forfeited, and it is doubt- 
ful if grants-in-aid will be recommended 
for any students to study in the Liao school, 
in the near future, unless they are very 
special cases." 

While our organization may be faulty in 
several respects, it seems to me our great- 
est need is for consecrated teachers, who 
are able to place first the interests of the 
school; who think of teaching not merely 
as a way of earning a living, but as a 
means of leading boys and girls to a higher 
and nobler life; not as a means of elevating 
self by lowering one's coworkers, but as an 
opportunity to be of real service, all work- 
ing together for the uplifting of humanity 
and for the glory of God. 

Report of China Medical Work 

Carl F. Coffman, M. D. 

IN reviewing the year's medical mission 
work, the task of showing where and 
how the budget was spent, the number 
of patients treated and what diseases were 
represented by the cases seen, and all such 
data, is easy, but the really vital feature 
as to what are the ultimate results as re- 
gards the spread of the Gospel by this 
means is not easy to state. The patients 
have come and gone ; we meet some of 
them again on itinerating trips ; a few 
come into the church ; some of the most 
serious ones die; but the great majority 


The Missionary Visitor 


of them have gone back to their home vil- 
lages and we may never come in contact 
with them again. Do they ever think of 
the hospital where they received some med- 
icine or a dressing? Probably not, unless 
they develop some other ailment. Do they 
remember any of the strange doctrine 
which the preacher told them about the 
one true God and his Son? In the stress 
of keeping the wolf from the door, these 
half-understood ideas have probably been 
relegated to the realm of the subconscious, 
but they remain, nevertheless, though 
asleep, only awaiting the touch of a sermon 
or a tract or some Christian contact to wak- 
en them into thought and action. " How 
do you know? " you may ask. When peo- 
ple enroll as inquirers, the question, " How 
did you first become interested in the Gos- 
pel?" brings many a startling answer, and 
often the story of some visit to a dispen- 
sary, or an informal conversation with a 
consecrated Christian, and sometimes even 
the reviling by an enemy to Christianity, 
comes out as a starting point for the 
search after truth. So much for the intan- 
gible results which one cannot put into a 
report of this kind, but from which we 
hope for many things in God's own time. 
Paul says, " Faith is the substance of things 
hoped for, the evidence of things not seen." 
Oh, that God would fill every medical mis- 
sionary to overflowing with that kind of 
faith ! 

There are in our midst six bright baby 
faces that were not here last year, and they 
are the most real things in the world, es- 
pecially to their parents. Their names are: 
Donald Myers, Miriam Horning, Dorthy 
Smith, Chalmer Vaniman, Ernest Iken- 
berry, Jr., and Frederick Wampler, Jr. 
Every missionary faimily in China except 
one is now blessed with one or more little 
folks. It may seem at times that mission- 
ary children are somewhat of a luxury, but 
I am sure the happiness of the parents at 
least doubles their efficiency. We welcome 
these little bearers of good cheer in our 


Dr. Hsing is at Show Yang, Drs. Horning 
and Wang at Liao, and Drs. Wampler, Coff- 
man, and Han at Ping Ting. The nursing 

.staff consists of eighteen pupil nurses and 
two foreign nurses; Miss Baker and Mrs. 
Coffman at Ping Ting, Mrs. Horning and 
Mr. and Mrs. Jung at Liao, and an un- 
trained Chinese nurse at Show Yang. Miss 
Flory from Ping Ting and Mrs. Pollock 
from Liao are on furlough. The efforts at 
each place consist of hospital work with 
a daily out-patient clinic, with as much 
itinerating as possible. Ping Ting has been 
able to spare one man for part-time itin- 
erating during the last half of the year, but 
Liao and Show Yang do not yet have suffi- 
cient help to make more than an occasional 
trip. Ping Ting also has maintained a dis- 
pensary twice a week at Yang Ch'uan, the 
railroad station. 


Liao has this year rebuilt its hospital, 
adding a third story and a wing, which will 
double its capacity, and installed a modern 
heating and water system, which should 
add much to the efficiency and convenience 
of medical work at our most isolated sta- 
tion. Show Yang has used $1,000 for buy- 
ing the rented property in which its hospi- 
tal is located. The marked success of the 
Show Yang work this year demonstrates 
that good work can be done with Chinese 
buildings and inadequate equipment. Speed 
the day when they may have a better build- 
ing for their work ! At Ping Ting we have 
at last succeeded in getting an adequate 
supply of water, although its hardness 
leaves much to be desired. It makes pos- 
sible steam for sterilizing and running wa- 
ter, a welcome change from the old " buck- 
et " system, at least from the foreigner's 
standpoint. The Chinese think we are wast- 
ing time and money by using water so ex- 
travagantly, although a foreign hospital 
would think our supply very inadequate in- 
deed. The bathroom is often a real hin- 
drance to patients entering the hospital, but 
they have gradually learned that it must be 
" endured." 

Here as at home the doctor who does not 
try to make his community a more health- 
ful place in which to live has failed to per- 
form one of his most important duties. 
What we have been able to accomplish in 
this way is largely in connection with the 
evangelistic itinerating work. The gospel 


The Missionary Visitor' 



of good health is preached along with the 
Gospel of salvation, by means of charts, re- 
flectoscope pictures, and lectures. Another 
thing, which will doubtless prevent much 
suffering, is a month of research work on 
the metabolism of osteomalacia, by Dr. 
Miles, of Peking Union Medical College, in 
the Ping Ting Hospital. Pie has demon- 
strated that osteomalacia is very closely 
akin to rickets. Much remains to be done 
on the etiology of the disease, but mastery 
comes* only through long, painstaking la- 
bor, and we pray that Dr. Miles' work may 
prove a blessing to the babes and mothers 
of this region. 

Dr. Wampler spent three months in 
Shanghai as acting director of the Council 
of Health Education in the absence of Dr. 
W. W. Peter, who was in America. 

Statistical Report 


Show Yang Liao Ping- Ting 

Local receipts $1,002.98 $5,583.94 

Board grant 1,400.00 5,000.00 

Total receipts 2,402.00 10,583.94 

Total expenses 2,144.07 9,580.07 

Surplus 258.91 1,003.87 


First calls— Men 584 1,000 1,450 

Women 250 230 289 

Return calls— Men 1,950 1,700 4,875 

Women .... 837 255 2,744 

Itinerating 20 37 697 

Physical examinations . . 9 283 

Total 3,650 11,143 

In-patients— Men 75 129 370 

• Women 30 73 189 

Classification of In-patients 

Medical 40 149 

Surgical 30 264 

Eye 35 

Skin 37 

Obstetrical 10 8 42 

Children 15 28 

Unclassified 10 4 

Women's Industrial Work, Ping 
Ting Chou 

Mrs. Minnie F. Bright 

THE past year has been a busy one 
for our poor women, and they have 
kept their needles steadily plying, 
for it meant life to them. Without the 
work many of them, they say, would have 
had to go on the street and beg or else 
starve. They are the poorest of the poor, 
but not of the lazy and get-what-you-can 
type. They want to earn their living hon- 
estly and honorably. Their work has gone 
all over the Brotherhood, and many are the 
letters received, praising the wonders of 

their clever needles. They are constantly 
thanking God for his grace to them in giv- 
ing them this work to do. I know it is im- 
possible for us to appreciate what this sort 
of thankfulness means, for we have never 
been brought to such poverty as they ex- 
perience. It is not uncommon for them to 
stay up all night to sew, and by a small 
flickering light at that, in order to earn 
enough food for the iamily. They are given 
an earning wage above anything else they 
might undertake to do, but with food prices 
higher than ever known before, to say 
nothing of clothing, these busy women must 
work hard to stave off the pangs of hunger. 

At present v/e have forty-seven women 
doing work. This includes a few girls, who 
assist their mothers with the sewing. More 
than thirty of these are in our Women's 
Bible School learning to read and to be- 
come better mothers. Not the least of the 
knowledge they acquire is that of the Christ 
who loves them and whom they are learn- 
ing to love. The knowledge of him is 
transforming their lives in a remarkable 
way. Two of them were baptized last fall 
and are happy in their new life. The more 
I work with them the more I marvel at 
their fine possibilities. 

For awhile last autumn the work was 
hindered because of the war. When our 
supplies became exhausted and it was im- 
possible to get more in, we had to give as- 
sistance to a number in money to help them 
" over the days." 

These poor women, by busily plying their 
needles, have been a'ble to assist the home 
church in the following ways, viz. : Assist- 
ing in buying three gospel tents for the 
mission at $150 (Mex.) each; assuming the 
full support of the Women's Evangelistic 
and Women's Bible School for this year, 
which is $1,300 (Mex.). Then we plan to 
give another $400 or more toward the re- 
pairing of our Chinese pastor's home, and 
putting up a recreation room for the Y. W. 
at the Girls' School. 

Our sick women of this department are 
put into the hospital for rest and treatment 
when necessary, which expense also is met 
by the department. The undernourished 
babies of nursing mothers have been given 
malted milk to help the little ones grow 



The Missionary Visitor 


stronger. Some of the children are sent to 
school. So in many ways the department 
has tried to do its bit the past year. God 
has been wonderfully good, and kind friends 
at home have made much of this possible 
through buying the products of these busy 

Mission's Business and Building 

J. Homer Bright 

DURING the year two phases of the 
mission's business were added to 
those of the builder; viz., coast pur- 
chasing and that of mission treasurer. 

Making trips to the coast really began in 
1923, when two trips were taken, as our 
former agency was growing quite lax in its 
work. For 1924 six trips were made — four 
regular and two special ones. By this meth- 
od of coast purchasing the mission has 
saved the cost of maintaining an agency, or 
of hiring one. By purchasing in quantity 
there has been a saving on first costs, and 
by shipping in bulk, a saving on expense of 
transportation. Two of our shipments, 
those for March and June, were made part 
of the way by boat and one-fifth of the 
usual cost of freight was saved in addition. 
By September the war had spread to North 
China and we dared not take the risk of de- 
lays by boat to forward that way. As it 
was, war conditions caused delays when 
sent by rail. Building materials ordered 
failing to get in this shipment, another trip 
was made in October, the missing goods 
collected, and additional purchases made. 
Greater delays were experienced on the re- 
turn trip, and the goods were caught en 
route shortly before reaching our junction, 
by the suspension of railway service. A 
month later, when the railways resumed 
operations, our goods came on to their des- 
tination. War conditions had scarcely 
cleared away sufficiently to make another 
trip possible before Christmas. All were 
made happy that a trip was thought feasi- 
ble, and by a little rushing, Christmas joys 
reached us the day before Christmas. 

The building work for the year was at 
Liao Chou, where the hospital was altered 

and enlarged. The incline from the main 
building, to which it was planned to attach 
one-story wards, was torn away, and a 
wing added to the building for additional 
wards, and a smaller addition at the cen- 
ter, for an operating room, reached from 
both the men's and the women's side of the 
hospital. Halls and stairs were adjusted, 
giving better light to both. The roof was 
changed from a flat one to tile, as flat roofs 
made of Chinese cement were found to be 
impractical. The third floor of the building 
was enlarged to cover the whole building. 

A boiler has been installed, and will be 
used both by the water system and the 
heating system. Through special funds it 
was possible to add a steam engine for 
power for a future lighting plant. In ex- 
tending the heating system, pipes were used 
in place of radiators, reducing the costs for 
radiation by two-fifths. The water system 
and steam fixtures will bring many conven- 
iences to the hospital staff in the care of 
the sick. 

Some of the smaller additions made at 
various places might be noted, such as 
spouting the Boys' School building at Shou 
Yang and the church at Liao Chou ; the 
addition of a small building adjacent to the 
light plant building at Ping Ting for the 
boiler for the Ping Ting Hospital ; enlarging 
the rooms occupied by Sister Hutchison at 
Liao Chou, giving her a larger living room; 
repairing of the court occupied by the 
Oberholtzers at Liao Chou; repairing and 
painting the Boys' School at Ping Ting aft- 
er eleven years ; and painting the church 
at Ping Ting after nine years of use. 

The young man who is assisting me in 
preparing plans has become quite proficient 
in making drawings, and is working his way 
through Middle School. He has helped in 
preparing sketches for both the heating 
and water systems for the hospital at Liao, 
and also in putting the systems in. He is 
now planning to make building and plumb- 
ing his life work, an addition to the ranks 
of trained young men who are willing to 
work — a class of which China has great 
need today. 

Ping Ting, Shansi, March 8, 1925. 


The Missionary Visitor 


The Sweden and Denmark Missions 

Report for the Year 1924 
Annual Report, Sweden, 1924 

J. F. Graybill 

HE first month of the year 1924 we 

had the happy privilege of dedicat- 
ing our long-prayed-for church 
home in Malmo. The building gave us more 
concern than we had anticipated, but the 
fact of having our own house of worship 
and not having to fear a three months' no- 
tice to move outweighs all the concern the 
building gave us. This establishes perma- 
nency, which is of no little importance in 
church work. 

Our efforts in general, and especially in 
Malmo, were much strengthened and en- 
couraged by the visits of several American 
members. First Bro. Minnich, our mission 
secretary, and his splendid wife, revived the 
work by their visit in June. We visited all 
the stations and had them some time with 
us in Malmo. Their time was all too short. 
We had just learned to know them and re- 
ceived several good messages from them, 
and off they were. 

Bro. Maynard L. Cassady, on his return 
home from Germany, came this way and 
remained with us a month, during which 
time he conducted a Bible term, that was 
very interesting and edifying. The interest 
manifested was beyond our expectation. 
The direct result of these meetings was 
twelve converts. Three of these were bap- 
tized during his stay among us. Two unit- 
ed with the church later, and while some of 
them have not yet taken the full stand for 
Christ and the church, we keep in contact 
with them and by the grace of God hope to 
win them for the church. 

We were very much disappointed in not 
having Sister Shumaker, from India, visit 
us in connection with the World's Sunday- 
school Convention at Glasgow. All was 
nicely planned, but the consular officer put 
a mountain in the way that faith could not 
remove. I think the disappointment was 
about as great for her as for us. But such 
is life, and not least with the missionaries. 
Our work is moving. We cannot say it is 

flourishing, but moving slowly, and we trust 
surely. In Malmo three were baptized and 
two reinstated during the past year. In 
February of this year six were baptized, 
and at present there is an applicant for re- 
instatement. There are others near the 
kingdom, and we pray that these and others 
may take the decided step during the year. 

All our church auxiliaries are having a 
healthy growth and we are getting still 
more help in the different lines of work. 
With the new year we began a special meet- 
ing for children on Sunday evenings at six 
o'clock. This is an interesting meeting. 
The most interesting part about this line of 
work is, that the young people are conduct- 
ing it, so that it will not require some of 
the pastor's busy time. The young people 
are responsible for the meeting. When the 
pastor has time he can attend this meeting 
and may be called on to say a few words of 
interest and encouragement. We have a 
group of young people who are willing to 
work. For this we rejoice. When the young 
people get busy there will be something do- 

At the Vannaberga Station three were 
baptized during the year. Here they or- 
ganized an Aid Society as an additional line 
of work, and report great interest manifest- 
ed. May the good work continue. The 
worker at this station is very energetic, but 
his efforts are spread over a large territory 
and do not count as they should or might if 
they were more concentrated. The work 
was established in this way some years ago, 
and it is not an easy matter to break away 
from it since the membership is so scat- 

At the Olserod Station two have been 
added to the fold. This has encouraged the 
little body of faithful members at this place. 
Here also there are others near the king- 
dom. In Sweden it is not so much the 
cross that is an offense; it is baptism. They 
think their infant baptism is sufficient for 
their salvation. They are blind to the fact 
that what they call infant baptism is no 
baptism at all. 



The Missionary Visitor 


In the Kjavlinge church they report in- 
teresting and well-attended meetings since 
they have a resident minister. The District 
meeting for 1926, the Lord willing, will be 
held at this place. It has been many years 
since the District Meeting was invited to 
this congregation. We believe this will give 
impetus to the efforts in this church. 

The work at Simrishamn is not encourag- 
ing. Here we have no resident minister, 
and services only once a month, which as a 
rule are well attended. We have no ac- 
ceptable place for worship, and the compe- 
tition is very strong. 

In general we have been encouraged dur- 
ing the past year. There has been nothing 
exciting, but indications, here and there, of 
growth in both number and interest. One 

(Continued on Page 186) 

Annual Report, Denmark, 1924 

C. Hansen 

THE year 1924 was a hard, trying pe- 
riod for our mission here. Many 
unexpected difficulties were impedi- 
ments in our mission progress. But we pray 
and hope the Lord will remove all obstacles, 
and give his faithful servants wisdom and 
power by faith and his Spirit's fullness, that 
the saving Gospel may be forwarded and 
sinners be led to Jesus and saved. 

Beloved brethren and sisters, we ask an 
interest in your prayers for us all in Den- 
mark. The Lord bless the work of the 
church in America, and in Denmark, too, 
and in all the mission fields everywhere on 
the globe. 

Bronderslev, Denmark, Feb. 16, 1925. 






















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*Danish Kroner worth about 18 cents. 


The Missionary Visitor 


The Africa Mission 

Report of the Africa Mission for 

H. Stover Kulp 

THE health of an infant is judged by- 
its activities and not by its accom- 
plishments. In what follows we have 
attempted to report to you the activities of 
the Africa Mission, an enterprise yet in its 
infancy. The report covers four phases of 
the work — Evangelism, Education, Medi- 
cal work, and Language work. The follow- 
ing are a few facts not covered by the 
other reports : 

Four buildings were erected during the 
year — a hospital, a church and school build- 
ing, one dwelling, and a building used as 
shop, garage, and store. These are of the 
so-called temporary type. That is, they are 
made of sun-dried mud with grass roofs. 
They may stand for many years, but it is 
not possible to protect this type of building 
from the ravages of the white ants, and the 
rainy season is hard on sun-dried mud. 


The year opened with four missionaries 
at Gar Kida station — Brother and Sister 
Helser and Brother and Sister Kulp. Early 
in February these workers were joined by 
Dr. and Sister Burke. The mission feels 
very keenly the loss sustained when Mrs. 
Kulp was called to higher service on June 
15, 1924. (Note. — The new party of six 
workers that left America in November, 
1924, did not arrive at Gar Kida until Jan. 
2, 1925.) 

It should be borne in mind that as the 
year 1924 closed less than twenty-two 
months had gone by since Brethren Helser 
and Kulp first came to Gar Kida, and for 
five of those months they were compelled 
to be absent from the Bura land because 
of sickness. 


All phases of mission work head up in 
evangelism. This report has to do with 
the direct preaching and teaching of the 

At the Mission Station 

Throughout the entire year regular week- 
ly services were conducted at the mission 
station of Gar Kida. At first our meager 
knowledge of the language was a handicap, 
but this is being slowly overcome. Begin- 
ning with the first Sunday in October, a 
Sunday-school was held in connection with 
this regular service. The average attend- 
ance at this service was about fifty. Pre- 
vious to the starting of the Sunday-school, 
a class was conducted on Sunday after- 
noons for the Hausa-speaking people. Pro- 
vision was made for caring for this class 
in connection with the Sunday-school. 
Sept. 18 a class was begun for special 
Bible study and instruction in Christian 
doctrines. This class met about five times 
a week and had an average attendance of 

Village Evangelism 

The Bura people are agriculturists. In 
the vicinity of Gar Kida they live in vil- 
lages of from fifty to five hundred inhab- 
itants each. Beginning April 8, we began 
to reach out to the villages with regular 
services. At that time regular weekly serv- 
ices were opened in the villages of Pye- 
lachuroma, Bri, and Gar Kida. In October 
weekly services were begun at Wiagu and 
Garu, villages about four miles distant from 
Gar Kida. In addition to these services, 
since Aug. 12 a service has been conducted 
regularly in connection with the weekly 
market at Gar Kida. 


During the year three evangelistic tours 
were made. The first, from April 28 to 
May 3, was among the villages along the 
Hawal River Valley by Brethren Burke 
and Kulp. Services were held in five of the 
larger villages. The entire population of 
the district visited is approximately 3,000. 

The second tour was made by Brethren 
Helser and Burke from May 12 to 17. It 
was in East Bura district. Twenty villages 
were visited. Services were held in all the 
larger villages and in many of the smaller 



The Missionary Visitor 


ones. The population of the villages visited 
would be about 7,400. The entire district 
would have a population of about 10,000. 

From Nov. 20 to Dec. 3 Brethren Helser 
and Kulp toured in West Bura district. 
This is the most densely populated part of 
Bura country. Several villages in this sec- 
tion each have a population of 1,000 or 
more. Nineteen services were held in about 
fourteen of the larger villages, including 
two services he'd at the Kwaya Market, 
the largest market in Bura country. The 
entire district round about the village of 
Kwaya has a population of about 30,000 or 

On tour the attendance at the services 
varies. Sometimes there are but thirty or 
fort}-; at other times several hundred. 


Thus in a general on tour and in a more 
systematic way at Gar Kida and vicinity by 
regular services the seed of the Word is 
being sown. There are still scores of vil- 
lages that we have never visited. We long 
for that time, when, either through mis- 
sionary or native evangelist, there shall be 
provided for all the Bura people an op- 
portunity for hearing and learning the 
Word of God, which alone is able to make 
them wise unto salvation. 

Language Work 

Previous to 1923 there had been no at- 
tempt to reduce the Bura language to writ- 
ing. In the early part of that year the 
government printer at Lagos issued a 
" Grammar of the Bura Language," by S. J. 
Aldolphus Palmer, a black man, who had 
served for several years as a government 
clerk at Biu. Taking the Gospel to a peo- 
ple who have no written literature means 
that, in the opening } r ears at least, language 
work will have an important place. 

On the Africa field there are two phases 
of language work — learning of the lan- 
guage by the missionaries, and providing 
a literature in the language of the people. 
During 1924 the missionaries were con- 
cerned chiefly with the first phase of the 
work. For this, two language teachers are 
employed, one of whom understands En- 
glish. His native language, however, is not 
Bura, but Hausa. It is necessary, therefore, 

for us to have the second man who under- 
stands Hausa, but whose native language 
is Bura. During the lat'er part of the year 
a supplement to the Bura grammar was 
prepared as an aid in learning the language. 
The grammar of Mr. Palmer is incomplete 
and quite elementary. 

As to providing literature in the Bura 
language, there has been just a beginning. 
A primer was prepared and 500 copies 
printed. The Gospel of Mark has been 
translated, but has not yet been printed. 

The School 

The school work went steadily forward 
through the year 1924. This was our first 
full year of school and it was one of be- 
ginnings. The number of boys on the roll 
for the year was sixty-six. The average 
attendance of boys was thirty-two. Xo pu- 
pil was enrolled who attended school less 
than one month. Tuition in money was 
paid by all boys working for families or for 
the mission. The cash received in this way 
during the year amounted to £5.15.4 (about 
$26). The other pupils did some work on 
the mission farm or premises. 

Bro. Kulp and Bro. Helser did most of 
the teaching. Dr. Burke conducted the 
school for a time while these two brethren 
were touring among the villages. Some of 
the more advanced boys helped in teaching 
the newer boys. Our dear Sister Ruth 
Royer Kulp also assisted with the teaching 
in the school. 

During the last four months of the year 
Sister Burke and Sister Helser started the 
girls in school. Sixteen girls were enrolled, 
with an average attendance of ten. 

Dr. and Airs. Burke taught songs in the 
school during the latter part of the year. 
which was much appreciated. 

The following is the daily program: 
6:00 — Sunrise prayers (mission prayers). 
6:45— Call bell. 
7:00— Roll bell. 
9:00 — Chapel — prayer, singing lesson and 

Bible lesson. 
9:40 — First reading class — study period for 

other reading classes. 

(Continued on Page 186) 

208 The Missionary Visitor J™ e 



Of the General Mission Board of the Church of the Brethren 

For the Year Ended Feb. 28, 1925 

1. Mission Income and Expense 

Income — 

World Wide- 
Contributions reported in Visitor $110,306.75 

Conference Budget— 1924 (Account No. 4h) .. 30,423.80 

Net from Investments (Account No. 15) 22,977.04 $163,707.59 

India Mission (Account No. 6) 43,852.48 

China Mission (Account No. 7) 37,888.25 

Sweden Mission (Account No. 8) 1,228.60 

Denmark Mission (Account No. 9) 44.80 

So. China Mission (Account No. 10) 429.80 

Africa Mission (Account No. 11) 8,678.76 

Home Missions (Account No. 12) 14,520.74 

Memo : — 

From living donors .... 247,802.69 

From other sources 22,548.33 

Total Mission Income $270,351.02 

Deficit, February 28, 1925— 

World Wide Missions 45,248.19 

Less balances — 

India funds (Account No. 6) 19,628.10 

China funds (Account No. 7) 1,891.98 

Denmark Churchhouse fund 1,339.03 22,859.11 22,389.08 


Deficit, March 1, 1924— 

World Wide Missions $ 40,836.67 

Less balances — 

India funds (Account No. 6) $20,828.10 

China funds (Account No. 7) 1,891.98 

Denmark Churchhouse fund 1,297.78 24,017.86 $16,818.81 

Expense — 

Publications (Account No. 13) $ 9,748.40 

General Expenses (Account No. 14) 21,788.30 $31,536.70 

India Mission (Account No. 6) 115,352.67 

China Mission (Account No. 7) 75,785.41 

Sweden Mission (Account No. 8) 4,857.85 

Denmark Mission (Account No. 9) 1,625.59 

So. China Mission (Account No. 10) 1,821.34 

Africa Mission (Account No. 11) 14,311.06 

Home Missions (Account No. 12) 30,630.67 

Total Mission Expense 275,921.29 



The Missionary Visitor 


2. Endowment and Annuity Funds 

a. World Wide Endowment- 

Balance, March 1, 1924 

Receipts — 

75071 $ 500.00 

75157 711.40 

76013 250.00 

76159 8,800.00 

76500 250.00 

76543 250.00 







80447 14,173.54 


Total new funds 

Transfer from Endowment Annuities — death lapses 

Balance, February 28, 1925 

Endowment Annuity Bonds — 

Balance, March 1, 1924 

Receipts — 

72293 $ 1,000.00 


72488 500.00 76288 

73119 600.00 76290 

73255 500.00 77383 

73336 500.00 77612 

73380 250.00 77827 

73593 1,500.00 77898 

73700 4,000.00 78041 

74335 1,000.00 78215 

74760 500.00 79004 

74980 2,000.00 79349 

75074 4,350.00 80059 

75151 1,000.00 80104 

75489 2,000.00 80359 

75612 1,000.00 80713 

75837 700.00 J-107 

75865 1,000.00 

Total new funds 





Transfer from Mission Annuity Bonds 


Less transfer to World Wide Endowment — death lapses 

Balance, February 28, 1925 

Mission Annuity Bonds- 
Balance, March 1, 1924 
Receipts — 

72574 $ 




73489 2,000.00 

74366 100.00 

75128 2,000.00 

75526 100.00 

75609 400.00 


Total new fuiyis 

76323 $ 1,100.00 

77222 100.00 

77379 100.00 

77530 300.00 

77840 2,000.00 

79540 600.00 

79814 3,800.00 

79851 1,000.00 

J-106 1,200.00 

Less transfer to Endowment Annuity Bonds . 
Less transfer to Account No. 4j — death lapses 

Balance, February 28, 1925 







210 The Missionary Visitor J™ e 

d. India Mission Endowment — 

Balance, March 1, 1924 $ 6,459.00 

Receipt 78243 100.00 $ 6,559.00 

e. China Mission Endowment — 

Balance, March 1, 1924, no increase $ 2,350.00 

f. Ministerial and Missionary Relief Endowment — 

Balance, March 1, 1924, no increase $ 10.00 

g. H. H. Rohrer Memorial Endowment — 

Balance, March 1, 1924, no increase $ 1,000.00 

h. Gospel Messenger Endowment — 

Balance, March 1, 1924, no increase $ 16,506.56 

i. Gish Estate Endowment — 

Balance, March 1, 1924, no increase $ 56,667.08 

j. D. C. Moomaw Memorial Fund — 

Balance, March 1, 1924 $ 3,000.00 

Receipts 292.00 

Balance, February 28, 1925 $ 3,292.00 

3. Relief Funds 

a. Denmark Poor Fund — 

Balance, March 1, 1924 $ 3,150.64 

Receipts — none 
Expenditures — 

Relief to needy Danish brethren 321.26 

Balance, February 28, 1925 $ 2,829.38 

b. Sweden Mission Relief Fund — 

Receipts— reported in "Visitor" $ 20.00 

Expenditures — to our Sweden Mission 20.00 

c. Ministerial and Missionary Relief — 

Balance, March 1, 1924 $ 21,881.98 

Receipts — 

Brethren Publishing House (Account No. 16) $ 2,715.64 

Forward Movement — 1923 (Account No. 4g) 233.11 

Gish Estate— 20% of income (Account No. 15) 680.00 

Ministerial and Missionary Endowment income (Account 

No. 15) .60 

Donations reported in " Visitor " 11.00 3,640.35 

Expenditures — 

In assistance to ministers or their widows 12,914.25 

Balance, February 28, 1925 : $ 12,608.08 

d. General Relief and Reconstruction — 

Balance, March 1, 1924 $ 39.10 

Receipts — 

Near East Relief— reported in "Visitor" $ 8,346.26 

Armenian Relief — reported in "Vis'tor" .-.. 169.25 

Syrian Relief — reported in "Visitor" 8.10 

German Relief — reported in " Visitor " 5,096.71 

General Relief — reported in " Visitor " 206.23 

Refunds on German Relief advances 48.25 13,874.80 

$ 13,913.90 

J"" e The Missionary Visitor 211 


Expenditures — ■ 

Remitted through Near East Relief — 

Near East, Armenian and Syrian receipts above $ 8,523.61 

Distributed by Maynard Cassady — 

In German Relief 4,949.25 

Other German Relief expenses — 

From German Relief funds 195.71 

From General Relief funds 120.57 13,789.14 

Balance, February 28, 1925 $ 124.76 

4. Miscellaneous Funds 

Miscellaneous Missions — 

Japan — 

Balance, March 1, 1924, no increase 

Philippines — 

Balance, March 1, 1924, no increase 

Porto Rico — ■ 

Balance, March 1, 1924, no increase 

Arab Work- 
Balance, March 1, 1924, no increase 

So. America — 

Balance, March 1, 1924, no increase 

New England — 

Balance, March 1, 1924, no increase 

Southern Native White — 

Balance, March 1, 1924, no increase 

Cuba — ■ 

Balance, March 1, 1924, no increase 

Australia — ■ 

Balance, March 1, 1924, no increase 

Jerusalem — 

Balance, March 1, 1924, no increase 

Brooklvn Italian Church Fund — 

Balance, March 1, 1924 $ 20,557.65 

Receipts — reported in " Visitor " 477.91 

Transfer from Home Mission Fund (Account No. 12) . . . 4,522.09 





















$ 25,557.65 

Expenditures — ■ 

Remitted to Philadelphia District Mission Board for 

completion of Brooklyn Church Building 25,557.65 

Colored Mission — 

Balance, March 1, 1924, no increase $ 156.10 

Colored Mission Industrial — 

Balance, March 1, 1924, no increase $ 397.75 

Oakland Church Fund — 

Receipts — reported in "Visitor" $ 5.00 

Expenditures — remitted to No. Calif. Treas., 5.00 

Mexican Industrial School — 

Receipts— reported in "Visitor" $ 20.00 

Expenditures — remitted to Falfurrias, Texas 20.00 

Total of balances, February 28, 1925 $ 2,1 18.47 

212 The Missionary Visitor J™ e 

b. Student Loan Fund — 

Balance, March 1, 1924 $ 471.38 

Receipts — 

Contributions reported in "Visitor" $ 140.00 

Forward Movement — 1923 (Account No. 4g) 225.35 

Conference Budget— 1924 (Account No. 4h) 4,005.01 4,370.36 

$ 4,841.74 
Expenditures — 

Loans to students 1,600.00 

Balance, February 28, 1925 $ 3,241.74 

c. Stover Lecture Foundation — 

Balance, March 1, 1924 $ 596.87 

Receipts — interest from investments 60.60 

$ 657.47 
Expenditures — 

To W. B. Stover for writing manuscript 500.00 

Balance, February 28, 1925 $ 157.47 

d. Church Extension Fund — 

Balance, March 1, 1924, $ 15,767.03 

Receipts — 

Interest on loans $ 189.08 

Forward Movement — 1923 (Account 4g) 466.22 

Conference Budget— 1924 (Account 4h) 4,145.01 4,800.31 

Expenditures — none 

Balance, February 28, 1925 $ 20,567.34 

e. Gish Testament Fund — 

Balance, March 1, 1924 $ 13.96 

Sales of testaments, 1923-24 $ 567.08 

Sales of testaments, 1924-25 502.86 1,069.94 

$ 1,083.90 
Expenditures — 

Cost of new edition 1,832.59 

Deficit, February 28, 1925 $ 748.69 

f. Gish Publishing Fund — 

Balance, March 1, 1924 $ 2,066.16 

Receipts — 

By sale of 3,375 books $ 1,185.00 

Gish Estate— 80% of income (Account No. 15) 2,720.02 

Other book sales at cost 177.12 4,082.14 

$ 6,148.30 
Expenditures — 

To purchase of 3,530 books $ 2,962.12 

Postage and packing on same 510.80 

Circulars printed 17.29 3,490.21 

Balance, February 28, 1925 $ 2,658.09 

g. Forward Movement — 1923 — 

Balance, March 1, 1924 $ 11,561.10 

Contributions reported in " Visitor " 4,468.88 

$ 16,029.98 

J™ e The Missionary Visitor 213 


Expenditures — 

Distribution to Boards and Committees — 
To General Mission Board — 

for Student Loan Fund (Account No. 4b) $ 225.35 

for Ministerial & Missionary Relief (Account No. 3c) 233.11 

for Church Extension Fund (Account No. 4d) 466.22 

To General Sunday School Board 1,051.01 

General Educational Board 13,210.21 

General Ministerial Board 437.97 

General Welfare Board — 

for Dress Reform 150.92 

for Homeless Children 155.62 

To Music Committee 56.62 

American Bible Society 42.95 16,029.98 

h. Conference Budget— 1924 — 

Balance, March 1, 1924 $ 348.65 

Receipts — 

Contributions reported in " Visitor " — 

For general fund $52,382.35 

For designated purposes 286.67 52,669.02 

Expenditures — 

Expenses of Council of Promotion — 

Literature and general printing $ 597.59 

Office rent 120.00 

Office equipment 25.00 

Stationery and supplies 128.59 

Postage 328.62 

Salaries and office help 3,464.11 

Traveling expense 428.12 

$ 53,017.67 

Distribution to Boards — 

To General Mission Board — 

for World Wide Missions (Account No. 1) 30,423.80 

for Church Extension Fund (Account No. 4d) 4,145.01 

for Student Loan Fund (Account No. 4b) 4,005.01 

To General Sunday School Board 2,788.00 

General Educational Board 2,357.76 

General Ministerial Board 2,487.01 

American Bible Society 721.37 

Designated funds paid over 286.67 

Transfer to 1925 account, Council of Promotion ex- 
penses 711.01 $ 53,017.67 

Conference Budget — 1925 — 

Transfer from 1924 account (4h) $ 711.01 

Balance, February 28, 1925 $ 711.01 

Mission Building and Contingent Reserve — 

Receipts — 

From bequests — 

72223 $ 500.00 73830 $ 236.58 

72233 2,022.34 76543 53.35 

72580 327.25 77828 48.00 

72824 3.33 77899 129.00 

73300 1,425.00 78121 53.00 

73384 140.00 78692 251.70 

73385 2,353.10 79630 500.00 

73623 85.50 J-106 487.44 $ 8,615.59 

214 The Missionary Visitor J™ e 

From lapsed annuities (Account No. 2c) 5,400.00 

Expenditures — none 

Balance, February 28, 1925 $ 14,015.59 

k. Contingent Agreements — 

Balance, March 1, 1924 $109,340.43 

Receipts 5,886.50 

Transfers to permanent funds and cancellations 46,792.00 

Balance, February 28, 1925 $ 68,434.93 

1. Reserve for Mission Advances — 

Balance, March 1, 1924 7 $ 70,322.08 

Transfers — 

To India Mission Expense $ 7,000.00 

China Mission Expense 1,600.00 

Sweden Mission Expense 250.00 8,850.00 

Balance, February 28, 1925 $ 61,472.08 

5. Balance Sheet as of February 28, 1925 

Cash Resources — 

Cash in office $ 300.00 

Cash in bank 18,385.09 

Short Term Commercial Loans 9,483.49 $ 28,168.58 

Accounts Receivable — 

Missionary Supports deficit (Account No. 18) 11,735.59 

Foreign bills, etc. paid 7,784.41 

Income Special, deficit 5,891.05 

Gish Testament Fund deficit (Account No. 4e) ... 748.69 26,159.74 

Advances to Mission Treasurers — 

India Mission treasurer, unspent 20,955.90 

China Mission treasurer, unspent 20,586.07 

Sweden Mission treasurer, unspent 2,950.87 

Denmark Mission treasurer, unspent 335.18 

Africa Mission treasurer, unspent 9,386.47 

Greene Co. Va. School manager, unspent 799.33 55,013.82 

General Securities — 

Church Extension Bills Receivable 16,978.11 

Contingent Investments Receivable 68,434.93 85,413.04 

Investments for Endowments and Annuities — 

First mortgage farm loans 1,430,366.38 

Brethren Publishing House 50,000.00 

Public Utility bonds * 67,712.50 1,548,078.88 

Mission Deficit — 

Overexpended mission funds (Account No. 1) ... 22,389.08 


J"n„ e The Missionary Visitor 215- 

Current Liabilities — 

Notes Payable $ 27,500.00 

Foreign Transmission Certificates 1,025.93 $28,525.93 

Specific Funds — unexpended balances — 

Relief funds- 
Denmark Poor Fund (Account No. 3a) $ 2,829.38 

Ministerial and Missionary Relief Fund (Ac- 
count No. 3c) 12,608.08 

General Relief & Reconstruction (Account 

No. 3d) 124.76 15,562.22 

Miscellaneous funds — ■ 

Miscellaneous missions (Account No. 4a) .... 2,118.47 

Student Loan Fund (Account No. 4b) 3,241.74 

Stover Lecture Foundation (Account No. 4c) 157.47 

Gish Publishing Fund (Account No. 4f) 2,658.09 

Conference Budget— 1925 (Account No. 4i) .. 711.01 8,886.78 24,449.00 

Mission Reserves — 

Mission Building and Contingent Reserve (Ac- 
count No. 4j) 

Reserve for Mission Advances (Account No. 41) .. 

Special Funds — 

Church Extension fund (Account No. 4d) 

Contingent Agreements (Account No. 4k) 

Endowments and Annuities — 

World Wide endowment (Account No. 2a) 

Endowment Annuity bonds (Account No. 2b) . . . 

Mission Annuity bonds (Account No. 2c) 

India Mission endowment (Account No. 2d) 

China Mission endowment (Account No. 2e) .... 
Ministerial and Missionary Relief (Account No. 2f) 
H. H. Rohrer Memorial endowment (Account No. 


Gospel Messenger endowment (Account No. 2h) . 

Gish Estate endowment (Account No. 2i) 

D. C. Moomaw Memorial Fund (Account No. 2.) . 

6. India Mission Fund 

Balances, March 1, 1924 — 

Rhodes Memorial Fund $ 6,200.00 

Quinter Memorial Hospital 6,571.91 

India School Dormitory 2,375.00 

India Village Church Fund 950.00 

Anklesvar Church Fund 3,231.19 

Ross Auto Fund 1.500.00 $20,828.10 















Receipts — 

Contributions reported in " Visitor " — 

Student Fellowship Fund— 1924 $ 362.50 

Foreign Missions (H) 2,733.68 

India general donations 3,652.82 

India Native Workers 1,281.64 


The Missionary Visitor 



India Boarding School 2,222.47 

India Share Plan 5,900.64 

Quinter Memorial Hospital 155.00 

Dahanu Hospital Building 296.00 

India Hospitals 46.07 

India Widows' Home 5.00 

Missionary Supports (Account No. 18) 

Endowment income (Account No. 15) — 

India general endowment 389.04 

Rohrer Memorial 60.00 

Bequests— Receipts 73221, 77309 

Total receipts . . . 

Less refund on Rhodes Memorial Fund 

From World Wide Fund to balance 









Expenditures — 

American Missionaries- 

Medical expenses . . 

Special training 

Furlough rents .... 

Sending to Field 

Doctor's literature . 

National Christian 

Council of India . . 

To Annual Confer- 








$ 33,144.23 








Unclassified expense 


Total expense direct- 
ed from home office 

Annual Budget Expens- 
es (Field operating) 

Ahwa — 

Boys' School $ 


Girls' School 

Property expense .. 
Women's work 

Anklesvar — 


Girls' School 

Industrial School .. 
Property expense . . 
Vocational training 

Women's work 

Less farm income . 

$ 5,891.48 

Bulsar — 

Boys' School 6,860.66 

Evangelistic 2,387.92 

Industrial School ... 703.56 

Medical 2,509.48 

Property expense .. 789.64 

Women's work ... 39.99 

Dahanu — 

Evangelistic 2,008.48 

Girls' School 1,517.23 

Medical 1,029.67 

Property expense .. 407.23 





Evangelistic 3,870.10 

Girls' School 1,836.69 

Property expense .. 346.58 

Women's work 621.77 6,675.14 


Boys' School 2,098.81 

Evangelistic 1,016.80 

Industrial School . 73.72 

Property expense .. 111.58 

Women's work ... 43.33 3,344.24 


$38,462.53 Boys » School 3,730.81 

Evangelistic 2,750.10 

Medical 33.00 

Property expense .. 1,063.08 

Womens' work 253.74 

Less Indus. School 

inc 127.06 7,703.67 


Boys' School 1,296.05 

Evangelistic 1,484.44 

Girls' School 1,383.63 

Property expense . . . 325.17 

Women's work 364.92 4,854.21 


Boys' School 4,309.23 

Evangelistic 3,734.69 

Girls' School 3,135.17 

Industrial School .. 377.69 

Medical 84.76 

Property expense . 432.44 

Women's work .... 531.90 12,605.88 

General — 

Administrative o f- 
fice 614.75 

Baby Home 1,011.78 

Furloughs 2,052.74 

Children's Missioner 369.32 

Landour Prop, ex- 
pense 91.18 

Language School .. 974.20 

Children, rent and 
travel 612.44 







The I 


Missionary Visitor 

Social Welfare 

Total New Property 

Widows' Home ... 

projects completed ... 
Cost of partly com- 

Total Annual Budget 






pleted projects (to 

$ 81 092.22 ^e itemized when 


Less total of com- 
pleted last year 

Actual New Property 

Total gross India 
Mission expenses .. 

Gain in exchange on- 

New Property (new 
land, buildings and 

Boarding School 

Medical equipment .$ 
Hospital sterilizer . 

Servants' quarters . 



Teachers' line 

Workers' quarters . 

New Property ex- 

Write-off Reserve for 

Land and grading . 


Mission Advances 


Total India Mission expense 

Balances, February 28, 1925 — 

Rhodes Memorial Fund 
Quinter Memorial Hospital 
India School Dormitory 
India Village Church Fund . 
Anklesvar Church Fund 
Ross Auto Fund 

17.81 697.93 



$ 8,109.80 

$ 4,829.03 
7,000.00 12,311.88 






7. China Mission Fund 

Balances, March 1, 1924 — 

Liao Chou Girls' School Building $ 813.00 

Liao Chou X-Ray Fund 678.98 

Ping Ting Girls' Dormitory 400.00 $ 1,891.98 

Receipts — 

Contributions reported in " Visitor " — 

Student Fellowship Fund— 1924 $ 1,232.48 

Foreign Missions ( x / 2 ) 2,733.67 

China general donations 2,300.59 

China Native Worker 669.73 

China Boys' School 325.15 

China Girls' School 311.26 

China Share Plan 2,895.07 

Liao Chou Hospital Bed Fund 13.20 

Ping Ting Hospital 205.55 

China Hospitals 89.48 

Ping Ting Hospital Bed Fund 50.00 

Liao Chou Hospital 40.00 10,866.18 

Missionary Supports (Account No. 18) 26,881.07 

Endowment income (Account No. 15) 141.00 

Total receipts 37,888.25 

From World Wide Fund to balance 37,897.16 

$ 77,677.39 


The Missionary Visitor 




American Mission- 
aries — 

















$ 29,965.03 







Medical expenses .. 

Special training 

Furlough rents 

Sending to Field . . 
Doctor's literature . 
To Annual Confer- 

Chili-Shansi Educa- 
tion Association .. 

China National 
Christian Council . 

Unclassified expens- 




Total expenses di- 
rected from home 

Annual Budget Ex- 
penses (Field operat- 

Liao — 
Rent $ 

Boys' School 

Girls' School 

Men's Evangelistic 
Women's Evangel- 

Language Teacher . 
Chinese Business 



Ping Ting- 

$ 7,545.67 

Boys' School 

Girls' School 

Men's Evangelistic 
Women's Evangel- 

Language Teacher . . 


Shou Yang- 




Boys' School 

Girls' School 

Men's Evangelistic . 
Women's Evangel- 


Language Teacher . . 
Chinese Business 





Men's Evangelistic 
Women's Evangel- 



Language Teacher 


Agency hire 


Language School .. 



Bldg. Dept. expenses 


Men's Bible School 
Women' s Bible 


Total Annual Budget 

New Property (new- 
land, buildings and 
equipment) — 
$34,932.18^0-^ g _ 

$ 28,377.00 

Total China Mission expense .... 

Balances, February 28, 1925 — 

Liao Chou Girls' School Building 

Liao Chou X-Ray Fund 

Ping Ting Girls' Dormitory 

Equip $ 


Hospital Completing 


Hospital Heating 



Girls' School equip- 



$ 4,569.88 

Shou Yang- 

Boys' School equip- 


Ping Ting- 

Hospital X-Ray .... 


General — 

On No. China Lan- 

guage School Build- 


Gross New Property 



Less — 

Refund Shou Yang 

Heating plant 


Contributions to Ping 

Ting X-Ray— 

China Medical 



Governor Yen .... 



Cost of partly com- 
pleted projects (to 
be itemized when 

Less total of com- 
pleted last year . . 

Actual New Property 


Loss in exchange on — 


Annual Budget ex- 

New Property 

Gross China Mission 


Write-off Reserve for 
Mission Advances . . 



$ 1,535.33 

$ 10,463.52 

394.08 3,612.71 



$ 75,785.41 

$ 75,785.41 


400.00 1,891.98 

$ 77,677.39 

Ju» 5 e The Missionary Visitor 

8. Sweden Mission Fund 

Receipts — 

Contributions reported in " Visitor " 

Missionary Supports (Account No. 18) 

Total receipts 

From World Wide Fund to balance 



$ 1,228.60 

$ 4,857.85 

Expenditures — 

Support American 

Annual Budget Ex- 
penses— (Field Oper- 

Malmo — 

Publication $ 148.74 

Traveling expense . 241.20 $ 389.94 

Simrishamn — 

Hall rent 34.84 

Traveling expense . 21.22 56.06 

Limhamn — 
Native worker . . . 556.37 
Traveling expense . 43.41 599.78 


Native worker 556.37 

House and hall rent 104.79 
Property expense . 53.01 

Traveling expense . 45.56 759.73 

Vannaberga — 
Native worker 556.37 

Total Sweden Mission expense 

Property expense .. 
$ 1,292.07 Traveling expense . 




Tingsryd — 

Native worker 

House and hall rent 
Traveling expense . 



Native worker 

House and hall rent 
Traveling expense . 


Total Annual Budget 



$ 3,865.43 
$ 5,157.50 


Total grcss Sweden 
Mission expense ... 

Gain in exchange . 
Write-off Reserve for 
Mission Advances 


$ 4,857.85 




9. Denmark Mission Fund 

Balance, March 1, 1924 — 

Denmark Churchhouse Fund 

Receipts — 

Contributions reported in "Visitor" 

Part sale Sindal House 

Total receipts 

From World Wide Fund to balance 

Expenditures — 

Support of native worker part of year 

Expense return of native worker and family to U. S. 

Support of work part of year 

Legal expenses handling properties 

Total Denmark Mission expense 

Balance, February 28, 1925 — 

Denmark Churchhouse Fund 

$ 1,297.78 













The Missionary Visitor 


10. South China Mission Fund 

Receipts — 

Contributions reported in " Visitor " 

Missionary Supports (Account No. 18) 

Total receipts 

From World Wide Fund to balance 

Expenditures — 

American worker and family — 


House rent 

Field expenses 

Expense return to U. S 

Total South China Mission expense 




$ 429.80 

$ 1,821.34 

$ 1,821.34 
$ 1,821.34 

11. Africa Mission Fund 

Contributions reported in " Visitor " — 

Africa general donations $ 4,403.76 

Africa Share Plan 337.50 $ 4,741.26 

Missionary Supports (Account No. 18) 

Total receipts 

From World Wide Fund to balance 

Expenditures — 

American Missionaries — 

Supports $ 2,681.34 

Sending to field — 

Special preparation 843.34 

Ocean fares 2,080.62 

Transport ation 

goods 915.62 

Travel expenses . 475.06 

Goods inland 2,139.00 

To Annual Confer- 
ence 262.92 

Doctor's literature 92.50 

Total expense di- 
rected from home 


Annual Budget Ex- 
penses — Field operat- 
General Evangelistic 983.30 

Educational 144.78 

Medical 529.04 

Total Annual Budget 

Total Africa Mission expense 





New Property (new 
land, buildings and 
equipment) — 
Hospital building 
Medical equipment . 

School building 

Ford truck 

Total New Property 
projects completed 
Cost of partly com- 
pleted projects (to 
be itemized when 






Actual New Prop- 
erty expenditures 

$ 9,490.40 m , 

Total gross Africa 
Mission expenses . 
Less gain in ex- 
change on — 
Annual Budget ex- 

New Property ex- 





$ 14,311.06 

$ 14,311.06 
$ 14,311.06 



The Missionary Visitor 
12. Home Missions Fund 


Receipts — 

Contributions reported in " Visitor " — 

Aid Societies' Home Fund $11,404.89 

Home Missions 6,520.45 

Greene Co., Va. Mission 1,117.49 $19,042.83 

Less transfer to Brooklyn Italian Church Fund 

(Account No. 4a) 4,522.09 

Total net receipts 

From World Wide Fund to balance 

$ 14,520.74 

$ 30,630.67 

Expenditures — 

Aid to Districts — 

Middle Missouri ... 



Florida (Sebring re- 



S. E. Kansas 


Okla., P. T. & N. M. 


W. Canada 


Northern Missouri . 


S. W. Mo. & N. W. 



No. 111. & Wis 

Idaho & W. Mont. . 

500.00 $ 

Summer Pastorates — 

W. Maryland, gen- 


Goshen, Sec. W. Va. 


Butte Valley, N. Cal. 


Warrensburg, Mid. 



Rose Pine, La 


White Rock, So. Va. 


Lynchburg, So. Va. 


Georges Creek, W. 



Southland — 
Pastorates at — 

Ft. Worth, Texas 


Broadwater, Mo. . 


Fruitdale, Ala. ... 


Piney Flats, Tenn. 


Rose Pine, La. ... 


Traveling E v a n- 


MiscelLaneous — 

Red Cloud, Nebr. 

Contribution to Home 

Mission Council . . 

Special material 

Greene Co., Va. Mis- 

sion — 

School Operation- 

Workers' wages $ 




Light plant 


Heating plant 



School Equipment — 

Dormitory 84.49 

General supplies ... 160.89 

Office supplies 9.69 255.07 

Farm Operation — 

Manager 600.00 

Labor 844.27 

Feed, fertilizer and 

seed 292.93 

Gas and oil 215.99 

6,550.00 Tires and repairs .. 117.73 

Supplies 56.80 

Miscellaneous 138.24 2,265.96 

Farm Equipment- 
General improve- 
ments 674.90 

Stock 263.00 

Implements 450.50 1,388.40 

General — 

, <■« *a Pastor support 1,258.01 

1,641.78 School building im- 
provements 518.64 

Well-redrilling (bal.) 1,811.95 
Purchase Williams 

farm 12,000.00 

Interest on borrowed 

money 300.00 

Traveling 68.02 

Fire insurance 22.50 

4,697.34 Miscellaneous 57.41 16,036.53 

Gross Greene Co. ex- 
penses 23,208.74 

750.00 Less- 
Income from — 
300.00 Board, room and tui- 

27.35 tion $ 715.63 

Farm , 400.52 

Other school income 428.39 

Sale of 140 acres .. 5,000.00 6,544.54 

Actual Greene 



Total Home Missions expense 

$ 30,630.67 
$ 30,630.67 

$ 30,630.67 

222 The Missionary Visitor \™? 

13. Publication Expense 

Missionary Visitor — 

Binding files $ 39.87 

Illustrating 335.93 

Miscellaneous 24.00 

Printing and mailing (average circulation 14320) . . 7,105.58 

$ 7,505.38 

Less paid subscriptions 110.54 $ 7,394.84 

Missionary Education — 

Booklets, leaflets, etc 1,250.88 

Conference exhibit 13.48 

General missionary books, etc 695.95 

Contribution to Missionary Education Movement . 106.00 

Subscriptions to Missionary Review of World . . . 45.00 

Reports Foreign Mission Conference 44.25 

Miscellaneous 65.21 

Mission Study books 667.81 

Stereopticons and slides 181.79 

$ 3,070.37 
Less sales — 

General Missionary books $228.82 

Mission Study certificates 24.70 

Stereopticons and slides 113.58 

Mission Study books 349.71 716.81 2,353.56 $ 9,748.40 

14. General Expenses 

Salaries $ 13,680.54 

Traveling Expense — 

Board meetings $ 625.84 

Foreign deputation — Scandinavia 134.32 

General office traveling 613.47 

Home Mission Secretary 714.57 

Missionaries on deputation 88.76 

Secretaries to Annual Conference 215.32 

Special traveling 80.34 2,472.62 

General Office Expense — 

Auditing books 471.07 

Fidelity bonds 55.00 

Legal services 26.30 

Medical examinations 97.50 

Contribution to Committee of Reference & Counsel 780.00 

Miscellaneous 1 14.22 

Office equipment 414.33 

Office stationery 1,077.86 

Office supplies 143.37 

Postage 1,209.49 

Telephone and Telegraph 166.00 

Office rent (Account No. 16) 1,080.00 5,635.14 $21,788.30 


The Missionary Visitor 
15. Investment Income and Expense 


Receipts — 

Interest received from — 

Farm mortgage loans $70,088.74 

Public utility bonds 60.96 

Short term loans 766.69 

Local bank balances 776.21 

Foreign bank balances 287.68 $71,980.28 

Brethren Publishing House (Account No. 16) 10,862.58 

By sale of Williams book 33.76 $ 82,876.62 

Expenditures — 

Annuities paid $ 50,586.86 

Endowment income transferred — 

India Mission Fund (Account No. 6) $ 449.04 

China Mission Fund (Account No. 7) 141.00 

Gish Estate — 

To Publishing Fund (Account No. 4f) 2,720.02 

To Minis. & Miss'y Relief Fund (Account 

No. 3c) 680.00 

Minis. & Miss'y Rel. endowment (Account 3c) .60 

D. C. Moomaw Memorial to Income Special . . 188.00 

"Gospel Messenger" to B. P. H. (Account 

No. 16) 990.39 

Rhodes Memorial Fund 372.00 $ 5,541.05 

Expense Endowment — 

Interest on borrowed money 110.00 

U. Swihart contract 426.00 

J. Hanna contract 562.15 

Miscellaneous taxes, etc 74.27 

Advertising annuities 103.68 

Recording fees 14.25 

Wenger property taxes, etc 197.72 1,488.07 

Book and Tract Work — 

Publication of tracts 330.31 

Mailing of tracts 138.96 

Missionary publications 545.09 

Gospel Messenger distribution 1,191.50 

Rebates on endowment 135.10 

Less tracts paid for 57.36 2,283.60 

Total expenditures $ 59,899.58 

Net income to World Wide Fund (Account No. 1) 22,977.04 $ 82,876.62 

16. Brethren Publishing House 

Receipts — 

1923-24 earnings, 6% on investment 

Payment of balance on real estate contract 

Rent charged to expenses (Account No. 14) 

Income " Gospel Messenger " endowment (Account 
No. 15) 

$ 13,800.00 



990.39 $ 45,335.61 

224 The Missionary Visitor 

Expenditures — 

Transfer to B. P. H. investment 

Office rental paid over 

"Gospel Messenger" endowment paid over ...... 

20% of net earnings to Minis. & Miss'y Relief (Ac- 
count No. 3c) 

Legal expenses, etc., transfer real estate by deed 
to Brethren Publishing House 

To Investment Income (Account No. 15) 







10,862.58 $ 45,335.61 

17. Church Extension Bills Receivable 

Balance, March 1, 1924 — 

Loans outstanding 

Loans made — 

To Fresno congregation, California 

Loans paid — 

Lawrence, Kansas (balance) $ 500.00 

Bartlesville, Oklahoma (balance) 125.00 

Rockford, Illinois 800.00 

Oakland, California 1,050.00 

Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73.17 

Balance, February 28, 1925— 

Loans outstanding 

$ 14,526.28 


$ 19,526.28 


$ 19,526.28 

18. Missionary Supports 

Receipts — 

Contributions reported in " Visitor " (credited to 
supporting accounts) 

Deficit, February 28, 1925 

Deficit, March 1, 1924 

Expenditures — 

Supports as charged to supporting accounts — 

To India Mission Fund (Account No. 6) 

To China Mission Fund (Account No. 7) 

To Sweden Mission Fund (Account No. 8) .. 
To So. China Mission Fund (Account No. 10) 
To Africa Mission Fund (Account No. 11) .. 

Charged special 




$ 56,791.39 

$ 68,526.98 
$ 8,187.19 


$ 68,526.98 











Supported m Whole or in Part by Funds Administered by the General Mission Board 
With the Year They Entered Service 

Spanhusvagen 38, Malmb, 

Graybill, J. F., 1911 
Graybill, Alice M., 1911 
Buckingham, Ida, 1913 

Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, 

Baker, Elizabeth, 1922 
Bright, J. Homer, 1911 
Bright, Minnie F., 1911 
CofTman, Dr. Carl, 1921 
Coffman, Feme H., 1921 
Dunning, Ada, 1922 
Horning, Emma, 1908 
Sollenberger, O. C, 1919 
Sollenberger, Hazel C, 1919 
Vaniman, Ernest D., 1913 
Vaniman, Susie C., 1913 
Wampler, Dr. Fred J., 1913 
Wampler, Rebecca C., 1913 

North China Union Language 

School, Peking, China 
Brubaker, Leland S., 1924 
Brubaker, Marie Woody, 

Kreps, Esther E., 1924 
Neher, Minneva J., 1924 

Liao Chou, ShansJ, China 
Flory, Raymond, 1914 
Flory, Lizzie N., 1914 
Horning, Dr. D. L., 1919 
Horning, Martha D., 1919 
Hutchinson, Anna, 1913 
Oberholtzer, I. E., 1916 
Oberholtzer, Eliz. W., 1916 
Senger, Nettie M., 1916 
Shock, Laura J., 1916 

Shou Yang, Shansi, China 
Cline, Mary E., 1920 
Heisey, Walter J., 1917 
Heisey, Sue R., 1917 
Smith, W. Harlan, 1920 
Smith, Frances Sheller, 1920 

Tai Yuan, care of Y. M. C. 

A., Shansi, China 
Myers, Minor M., 1919 
Myers, Sara Z., 1919 
Ikenberry, E. L., 1922 
Ikenberry, Olivia Dickens, 

Ullom, Lulu, 1919 

On Furlough 
Bowman, Samuel B., Quin- 

ter, Kans., 1918 
Bowman, Pearl S., Quinter, 

Kans., 1918 
Clapper, V. Grace, Hunt- 
ingdon, Pa., care College 
Cripe, Winnie E., Bremen, 

Ind., 1911 
Crumpacker, F. H., 1003 
10th Ave., Nampa, Idaho, 
Crumpacker, Anna N., 1003 
10th Ave., Nampa, Idaho, 
Flory, Edna R., Staunton, 
Va., R. 3 

Flory, Byron M., Staunton, 

Va., 1917 
Flory, Nora, Staunton, Va., 

Metzger, Minerva, Ross- 

ville, Ind., 1910 
Miller, Valley, Port Re- 
public, Va., 1919 
Seese, Norman A., 5800 

Maryland Ave., Chicago, 

HI., 1917 
Seese, Anna, 5800 Mary- 
land Ave., Chicago, 111., 

Schaeffer, Mary, 3435 Van 

Buren St., Chicago, 1917 
Pollodk, Myrtle, McPher- 

son, Kans., 1917 
Garldda, Nigeria, West Af- 
rica, via Jos, Nafada A Biu 
Burke, Dr. Homer L., 1923 
Burke, Marguerite Shrock, 

Beahm, William M., 1924 
Beahm, Esther Eisenbise, 

Heckman, Clarence C, 1924 
Heckman, Lucile Gibson, 

Mallott, Floyd, 1924 
Mallott, Ruth Blocher, 1924 
Helser, A. D., 1922 
Helser, Lola Bechtel, 1923 
Kulp, H. Stover, 1922 
Ahwa, Dangs, India 
Garner, H. P., 1916 
Garner, Kathryn B., 1916 
Shull, Chalmer, 1919 
Shull, Mary S., 1919 
Anklesvar, Broach Dist., India 
Long, I. S. 1903 
Long, Erne V., 1903 
Miller, Arthur S. B., 1919 
Miller, Jennie B., 1919 
Miller, Sadie J., 1903 
Moomaw, I. W., 1923 
Moomaw, Mabel Winger, 

Shickel, Elsie 1921 
Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 
Blickenstaff, Lynn A., 1920 
Blickenataff, Mary B., 1920 
BHckenatafr, Verna M., 1919 
Cottrell, Dr. A. Raymond, 

Cottrell, Dr. Laura M., 1913 
Eby, E. H., 1904 
Eby, Emma H., 19C4 
Kintner, Elizabeth, 1919 
Mohler, Jennie, 1916 
Wagoner, J. Elmer, 1919 
Wagoner, Ellen H., 1919 
Dahanu, Thana Dist., India 
Butterbaugh, Andrew G., 

Butterbaugh, Bertha L., 

Nickey, Dr. Barbara M., 


* 'V 'I' 'It *W 'W 'I' 'X 1 'I' *» 







Royer, B. Mary, 1913 
Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 
Forney, D. L., 1897 
Forney, Anna M., 1897 
Miller, Eliza B., 1900 
Vada, Thana Dis*., India 
Brumbaugh, Anna B., 1919 
Ebey, Adam, 1900 
Ebey, Alice K., 1900 
Kaylor, John I., 1911 
Kaylor, Ina M., 1921 
Swartz, Goldie E., 1916 
Palghar, Thana Dist., India 
Hollenberg, Fred M., 1919 
Hollenberg, Nora R., 1919 
Post Umalla, via Anklesvar, 
Lichty, D. J., 1902 
Lichty, Anna Eby, 1912 
Summer, Benjamin F., 1919 
Summer, Nettie B., 1919 
Widdowson, Olive, 1912 
Ziegler, Kathryn, 1908 
Vyara, via Surat Dist., India 
Blough, J. M., 1903 
Blough, Anna Z., 1903 
Brooks, Harlan J., 1924 
Brooks, Ruth F., 1924 
Mow, Anetta, 1917 
Mow, Baxter M., 1923 
Mow, Anna Beahm, 1923 
Wolf, L. Mae, 1922 
Woods, Beulah, 1924 
On Furlough 
Alley, Howard L., Nokes 

ville, Va., care of I. A 

Miller, 1917 
Alley, Hattie Z., Nokes 

-ville, Va., care of 1. A 

Miller, 1917 
Ebbert, Ella, McPherson 

Kans., 1917 
Grisso, Lillian, No. Man 

Chester, Ind., 1917 
Himmelsbaugh, Ida, 200 6th 

Ave., Altoona, Pa., 1908 
Hoffert, A. T., 3435 Van 

Buren St., Chicago, 111., 

Replogle, Sara, New En- 
terprise, Pa., 1919 
Shumaker, Ida C, Meyers- 
dale, Pa., 1910 
Church of the Brethren In- 
dustrial School, Ceer, Va. 
Wampler, Nelie, 1922 
Bolinger, Amsey, 1922 
Bollinger, Florence, 1922 
Red Cloud, Nebraska, 

Eshelman, E. E., 1922 
Fort Worth, Texas, 

Horner, W. J., 1922 
Greene County, Pirkey, Va., 

Driver, C. M., 1922 
Broadwater, Essex, Mo., 

Fisher, E. R., 1922 
Piney Flats, Tenn., 

Ralph White, 1923 









Please Notice.— Postage on letters to our missionaries is 5c for each ounce or fraction 
thereof and 3c for each additional ounce or fraction. 

*& a'l' *V*V w Tl 'V I *• 
^.t. f ,.t. 1I1 AiTiAif , J. 1T1 iTi 1T1 ■ 

■ f ITTTTTI v rvr 

* *V **' "I" TV '»' •**' 
• *Jf 'V •$• T T '*' •*• '*'' 

8% And Safety 

We are asked, " How can the Mission Board get 8% 
on its investments in order to pay back that much on some 
of its bonds? " 

We are frank to answer that we could get 8% and even 
more but with too great a risk of the principal. 

Then you may wonder, " If the Mission Board gets less 
than 8% and pays out as much as 8% is it not poor business 
judgment to be willing to invest for less than is paid out?" 

With the money market prevailing at present, sound 
investments bring a return around 5%. We must accept 
the inevitable if the economic law of supply and demand fixes 
apparently unprofitable rates. We are willing to pay our 
seventy-five year and older Brethren 8% annuity during their 
lifetime just the same. They ordinarily need more in their 
declining days. We are secured in the " spread "of two or 
three per cent because of the lesser number of years the older 
Brethren will have to enjoy the more than normal rate of 

8% and safety? Yes, to our older friends 
who donate to missions on our Annuity 
Plan ; but not safety for us to invest these 
funds expecting to get 8%. We are 
hound to stand by sound principles of 
finance and have good examples in the 
better kind of trust and insurance in- 
stitutions of the country. 

Write for Our Booklet V-625 

General Mission. Board 


Elgiiv Illinois 


ChuvclKof the brethren 

Vol. XXVI 

J*aly, 1925 

o. 7 


The Giving of the Churches 

EDITORIAL -The Winona Conference 

In the Land of the Buras, H. L. Burke, M.D. 

Progress of Temperance in India 

Sadie J. Miller 

The Place and Work of the India and 
China Missionaries 

Oakland — The Golden Gate Church 

W. M. Piatt 

In Honor to Our Older Men 









OTHO WINGER, President, North Man- 
chester, Ind., 1928. 

J. J. YODER, Vice-President, McPherson, 
Kans., 1926. 

A. P. BLOUGH, Waterloo, Iowa, 1929. 

H. H. NYE, Elizabethtown, Pa., 1927. 

LEVI GARST, Selma, Va., R. 1, 1930. 

CHARLES D. BONSACK, General Secretary. 

H. SPENSER MINNICH, Educational Secre- 
tary and Editor Missionary Visitor. 

M. R. ZIGLER, Home Mission Secretary. 
CLYDE M. CULP, Treasurer. 

The date indicates the year when Board Members' terms expire. 
All correspondence jor the Board should be addressed to Elgin, I1L 



The subscription price is included in EACH donation of two dollars or more to the 
General Mission Board, either direct or through any congregational collection, provided the 
two dollars or more are given by one individual and in no way combined with another's 
gift. Different members of the same family may each give two dollars or more, and extra 
subscriptions, thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they know will be 
interested in reading the Visitor. NO VISITOR SUBSCRIPTIONS ARE ENTERED UN- 

Kindly notice, however, that these subscription terms do not include a subscription for 
every two dollar donation, but a subscription for each donation of two dollars or more, no 
matter how large the donation. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting the 
Committee^ to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, the Visitor will be 
sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

To insure delivery of paper, prompt notice of change of address should be given. When 
asking change of address, give old address as _ well as new. Please order paper each year 
if possible under the same name as in the previous year. 

Address all communications regarding subscriptions and make remittances payable to 

Entered as second class matter at the postoffice of Elgin, Illinois. 

Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in section 1103, Act of 
October 3, 1917, authorized Aug. 20, 1918. 






For Children 

Mook, True Tales of a Chinese Boy, by Sites $ .50 

Lamp Lighters Across the Sea, by Applegarth 60 

Fez and Turban Tales, by Blake 75 

For Juniors and Intermediates 

Frank Higgins, the Trail Blazer, by Whittles 1.00 

Red, Yellow and Black, by Fahs 75 

The Book of Missionary Heroes, by Matthews 1.50 

For Young and Old 

With Williams Our Secretary, by Miller 1.00 

The Moffats, by Hubbard 1.00 

Ann of Ava, by Hubbard : 1.00 

The Bishop's Conversion, by Maxwell 1.50 

Stewardship Books 

Enduring Investments, by Babson 1.50 

The New Christian, by Cushman 50 

Money, the Acid Test, by McConaughy 75 

Program Material 

Missionary Programs 35 

Making Missions Real, by Stowell 75 

These Books Sent Postpaid 

Published Monthly by the Church of the Brethren Through Her General Mission Beard 

Volume XXVII 

JULY, 1925 

No. 10 



Winona Conference, 225 

In Honor to Our Older Men, 254 


In the Land of the Buras, By H. L. Burke, M. D 228 

Progress of Temperance in India, 1924, By Sadie J. Miller, 229 

The China Mission Family, Bv Ada Dunning, 231 

Who and Where on the India Field, 1924, By B. F. Summer 232 

Language, By A. G. Butterbaugh, 234 

Interesting Experiences in China, By Valley V. Miller, 235 

Oakland, the Golden Gate Church, By W. M. Piatt, 236 

March and April India Notes, By Bertha L. Butterbaugh, 237 

China Notes for March, By Olivia D. Ikenberry, 239 

China Notes for April, 240 

Africa Notes, March and April, By William Beahm 242 


Missionary News, 243 

Our Book Department, 244 

Worth- While Programs, 245 


To Children Earning Money for Dahanu Hospital, 247 

The Story of Two Old Women, By Barbara Nickey, M. D., 247 

When Miriam Began to Be a Witness, 253 




Winona Conference 

As usual, the Annual Conference stands 
out as a new and important landmark in 
the history of the church. It can be said 
truly that the church is progressing. Some 
recalled the fact that the church is not what 
it used to be. However, the editor, taking 
a retrospective view, feels satisfied that this 
Conference marks progress of the type that 
is desired. The mention of a number of 
impressions and events will help the read- 
ers to get a good panoramic glimpse of the 
The Spiritual Attitude 

From the very start the spirit of prayer 

was much in evidence. The early morning 
conferences for intercession and prayer, led 
by Bro. Galen B. Royer, were well attended. 
It refreshed one's soul to see the throngs 
going to the place of prayer — and the re- 
freshment was increased by sitting with this 
spiritual group and participating in the 
communion with the Father. This spirit 
permeated the w r hole Conference. One man 
was so gripped by it that he agitated among 
his acquaintances the idea of encouraging 
groups to engage in prayer. 
Many Older Conference Leaders Absent 
One could not help but miss the presence 


The Missionary Visitor 


of the older church leaders in the program. 
The younger men acquitted themselves most 
splendidly, and perhaps it is right that the 
mantle from the older Brethren should be 
passed to them, but it is safe to say that 
many, both old and young, would have en- 
joyed hearing more from the older men. 
Bro. S. Z. Sharp gave a splendid message to 
the home mission meeting. Eld. I. W. Tay- 
lor, who has served many Conferences as 
moderator, led the consecration prayer just 
after the missionary offering. A number of 
the faithful leaders of bygone years were 
photographed on the grounds, and their 
pictures appear elsewhere in this issue. 
Sherwood Eddy and Dr. H. S. Magill Spoke 

The Conference was enriched by two 
speakers outside of our denomination. Sher- 
wood Eddy, who is greatly in sympathy with 
the views of the Church of the Brethren, 
gave a number of stirring messages, but the 
most outstanding of these was his address, 
"What Shall We Do About War? " 
The Student Volunteer Meeting 

On Thursday of the Conference the stu- 
dent volunteers met and publicly discussed 
the present situation among the student vol- 
unteer ranks. Sister Clara Harper spoke 
stirringly on the solution of the problems of 
the volunteers. The following volunteer of- 
ficers were elected for the coming year: C. 
O. Miller, president; Clara Harper, vice- 
president and educational secretary; and 
Maynard Cassady, traveling secretary. 
Both the president and the traveling sec- 
retary-elect were absent from the Confer- 
ence, and their acceptance of these posi- 
tions is yet to be learned. 
Only One Missionary Appointed 

Dr. Ida Metzger, of California, was ap- 
pointed to go out to India. Three other vol- 
unteers were to have been approved by this 
Conference, but for health reasons they 
were detained. There has scarcely been a 
year in the history of our mission work that 
we did not have more outgoing mission- 
aries than this year. Money might be se- 
cured for the sending of additional workers, 
but the mission fields now demand more 
money for the establishing of schools, the 
employment of native workers, and the use 
of more native men than for the sending 
of additional American workers. 

The Conference Offering 

The Conference offering, including all 
cash and pledges received since March 1, 
the beginning of our fiscal year, amounted 
to $118,000. This is better by nearly $30,000 
than the gifts of cash and pledges were at 
this time last year. Some feel this indicates 
an increased interest in missions ; others say 
that it is only an improved economic condi- 
tion of our country. At any rate, this clears 
the Board of its deficit and supplies enough 
funds to operate for another month. If the 
churches will continue the third Sunday of- 
fering in the Sunday-school, and other well- 
approved plans for constant giving, the mis- 
sion work of the church should reach a 
normal position. 

The Missionary Exhibits and Demonstra- 

For a number of years the editor has re- 
turned from Conference with a feeling that 
the exhibits were largely a failure and 
scarcely worth what they cost. The fault 
seemed to be that the exhibits did not speak 
for themselves and there was not enough 
personality added to them. This year the 
exhibits were programmed, and at certain 
times the missionaries were present to give 
their personal messages. The India mis- 
sionaries built an Indian home, very much 
such as the people in our mission territory 
use. Around this were given actual demon- 
strations of a village home scene, of a Sun- 
day-school, of evangelistic work and other 
phases of their life. Thousands came to see 
these demonstrations and many could not 
get close enough to see them. The China 
missionaries demonstrated a pagan wed- 
ding. These efforts were really appreciat- 
ed, and many people expressed themselves 
as pleased that they had seen a demonstra- 
tion of real conditions in our mission fields. 
The Sisters' Aid to Build an Africa Hospital 
The Africa mission has only a temporary 
hospital, and the time seems to have arrived 
for the building of a permanent one. The 
amount of money needed is not definitely 
known, but it is estimated at $12,000. The 
Sisters' Aid organization has pledged itself 
to raise this money. 

In their public meeting they decided to 
edit a department in the Missionary Visitor, 
to be known as the Women's Missionary 


The Missionary Visitor 


Society. Sister Xora Rhodes, of Dallas 
Center, Iowa, was elected editor. 
The District Mission Boards 

The District Mission Boards of the Broth- 
erhood met for two days before the Con- 
ference started, and in a very helpful way 
went over their problems. Such discussions 
by home mission administrators of their 
common problems, with the exchange of 
views for solving them, are bound to result 
in much good. A report of their meetings 
may be expected in a later issue of the Visi- 
Levi Garst New Member for the Mission 


Bro. J. B. Emmert's term as a member of 
'the General Mission Board expired, and 
Levi Garst, of Virginia, was elected in his 
stead. There was a common feeling of re- 
gret that Bro. Emmert could not continue 
on the Board, as he is a very valuable mem- 
ber. However, the West seems to have 
more than its share of representants on the 
Board, and there was competition between 
the theory of proper representation from 
the various parts of the Brotherhood and 
the retention of an experienced man. Bro. 
Garst is a man in whom much confidence 
can be placed. He is now the secretary- 
treasurer of the District Mission Board of 
the First District of Virginia. He has had 
much practical experience, and the Brother- 
hood can feel confident his work will be a 
valuable contribution to the mission cause. 
The Laymen Have Great Meetings 

The day of the layman has come. The 
laymen are needed for prayer, for voting, 
for speaking, for paying, for representing 
churches as delegates and for exemplifying 
the Christian way of living in the various 
occupations of life. Saturday at the Con- 
ference was layman's day. They heard 
great messages. Then they divided into 
groups representing city, village and coun- 
try life and discussed their church prob- 
lems. A permanent organization was ef- 
fected. Certainly any movement designed 
to enlist the greatest interest from laymen 
in the church is welcomed. 
Bethany Bible School 

For a number of years Conference has 
been considering taking over the ownership 
and control of Bethany Bible School. This 

year, by Conference action, the church 
owns and controls Bethany. 

Dr. D. W. Kurtz, Moderator of the 1926 

In accordance with the decision of last 
year the Conference moderator is elected 
one year in advance, and the responsibility 
lor next year has fallen to Dr. Kurtz. 

The Spirit of Unity 

The spirit of unity reflected in our Con- 
ference is most appreciated and speaks well 
for the progress of the church. It is true 
that there was a difference of viewpoint on 
some questions, but for the most part those 
who differed did so in a very Christian spir- 
it. When one learns how other denomina- 
tions are rent by an unchristian conflict of 
views, one can not help but rejoice over the 
splendid unity in the Church of the Breth- 
ren. It seems most folks are willing to ac- 
cept the Xew Testament as their guide, and 
to believe it as the inspired Word of God, 
to search it for new truth, and to follow it 
as their guide for life. The mission spirit 
of the Conference ran quite high. Of course 
we have never reached our full height along 
missionary lines, yet the editor sees evi- 
dences which inspire confidence that the 
Church of the Brethren will in an increas- 
ing way serve the purpose for which God 
established her. 

A Rediscovery of Christ 

There is a growing feeling on the part of 
certain groups that Christians have not 
fully understood Christ; that his principles 
for life as given in the Sermon on the 
Mount are only partially discovered and 
are practiced in a very half-hearted way. 

The Young People's Conferences this 
summer will use the Sermon on the Mount 
as the basis for much of their study. Dare 
we hope that our young people, the coming 
generation in the church, can grasp some 
new beauty and richness in Christ and make 
it real in the church of tomorrow? If they 
do, will we be willing for them to show us 
something we never knew before? Will 
we let them lead us out of our selfishness 
and lethargy and even our set practices if 
the}' can point us to something better? 


The Missionary Visitor 

In the Land of the Buras 

The People — The Buras 


H. L. BURKE, M. D. 
Missionary to Africa 

TRADITION has it that the Bura peo- 
ple, along with a number of the oth- 
er peoples of this region, originated 
from Mecca and that they gradually moved 
southward until now they occupy a section 
of Southern Bornu. Here undoubtedly they 
have lived for a number of generations. 
Before the white man came to take posses- 
sion of the country they were ruled and 
dominated by the Fulani people. One could 
hardly say that they served in the capacity 
of slaves, but it is probable that in olden 
times the Buras belonged largely to the 
slave class. 

When the white man took possession of 
the country and tried to bring order into 
the land, the Buras were placed as a subject 
people of the Pabirs. As the Fulani, the 
Pabirs are Moslems, but are more closely 
related to the Buras in language and cus- 
toms than are the Fulani. However, the 
Buras consider that since they are under the 
rule of the Pabirs they are always having 
trouble. The Pabirs collect exorbitant tax- 
es and take and steal everything that they 
want from the Buras, often including their 
wives and children. Virtually the Buras are 
slaves to the Pabirs all but in name. 

As is common with all of the people of 
Northern Nigeria, one rarely thinks of them 
as the colored folks such as we have at 
home. Their physical make-up is entirely 
different. Many of them have distinctly 
Semitic features and there is little doubt 
that there is considerable Semitic blood 
found mixed in. The people are as a rule 
quite tall, well built, with straight noses, and 
pleasant features. Many of them are splen- 
did specimens of physical perfection. Their 
color, of course, is black, but it is rare to 
see the coal-black that one sees in the tribes 
farther south. As most tribes of Africa, 
most of the faces are scarred with tribal 
marks. The women also very frequently 
have their bodies decorated with scars re- 
sembling beaded belts and other fancy dec- 

A Bura With His Facial Markings 

orations. It surely must be a very painful 
process to obtain one's markings, as usually 
they become quite badly infected and con- 
sequently very sore. However, the result 
cannot always be said to be unpleasing. 

The religion of the Bura people is a form 
of devil worship. They have a very vivid 
conception of spirits and devils. They be- 
lieve in one god and say that he lives in 
heaven, but all of their worship is directed 
more to appeasing the wrath of the devil 
than to the worship of God. Even in their 
oaths, to swear by God means very little, 
but to swear by the sacred tree of the devil 
is very binding. When a person is sick they 
often think it is due to the fact that there 
is a devil inside of the person, and a " hop- 
tu " has to be performed. A fowl or goat is 
killed and a concoction made which is sup- 
posed to appease the wrath of the devil. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Or they may make an oath that if the per- 
son recovers he will never eat the meat of 
a certain animal. It has been quite difficult 
to get much information about their devil 
worship, and without a doubt the above are 
only fragments. They are also supposed to 
have witch doctors, who perform some of 
these ceremonies, but as yet I think none of 
us have ever seen one. 

Over every village there is a " buluma," 
or headman, who has considerable author- 
ity over the people. He usually is chosen 
by the people and is one of the older men. 
In addition there may also be a " wikal," 
who is responsible to the Pabirs. The head- 
man is usually a Bura, while the " wikal " 
may be either a Pabir or Bura. 

The country of the Buras is supposed to 
be an area of about three thousand square 
miles. The district officer estimates the pop- 
ulation as about 36,000 people. After tour- 
ing the country last spring I think that we 

are inclined to believe there are not that 
many Buras. Nevertheless, it appears to be 
a fairly large tribe. 

The chances for development of these 
people are very good. They are bright, ac- 
tive, and alert. They are beginning to 
reach out for something better. If Chris- 
tianity does not take them they are going 
to take on Mohammedanism. A Bura may 
jump from the slave class to a Pabir or rul- 
ing class by simply accepting the Moslem 
religion. Many of the younger folks are 
wondering after all whether it would not be 
better to become a Pabir and end the life 
of oppression. The Pabirs now are making 
the Buras pay the Mohammedan tenth for 
the support of their religion. Moslem "ma- 
lams " or teachers are coming and are of- 
fering the people any inducement if they 
will accept the religion of the false prophet. 
It is a strategic time in the life of these peo- 
ple and it is up to us to show them Christ. 

Progress of Temperance in India During 1 924 

Prepared for the June Annual Report, but Crowded From That Issue for Lack of 



THOSE who have been reading our 
yearly reports cannot but know that 
India is on the trail of things intem- 
perate, so far as the liquor traffic is con- 
cerned. India believes thoroughly in pro- 
hibition and is watching America with 
much admiration. The people of India dis- 
like the term "temperance." They wish 
to use " prohibition " instead, and are great- 
ly in earnest about wiping out liquor. 

The Blue Ribbon Army had a periodical 
which was called the Blue Ribboner. When 
this was transferred recently to the editor 
of the Indian Social Reformer by the ladies 
of the W. C. T. U. and inserted into this pa- 
per it was called the " Prohibition Supple- 
ment " because the editor is a Hindu gentle- 
man and is among those who seldom use 
the term " temperance." 

All the temperance societies and associa- 
tions which have been mentioned hereto- 
fore in our reports are still actively at work 
looking forward to prohibition for all In- 
dia. The Gujerat Temperance Association 
held a conference at Ahmadabad in No- 

vember and passed some telling resolutions 
which, with the many others that come from 
all quarters throughout India appealing to 
the government to bring about, as soon as 
possible, total prohibition, are having their 
influence. It looks as though, even if gov- 
ernment should not be willing to take this 
step, they may be forced to do it. If faith 
in God were exercised more, and depend- 
ence on the revenue derived from the liquor 
traffic, less, it would be a question of a short 
time only. 

The following are a few of the resolutions 
passed at the Ahmadabad Conference: 

Not to allow the opening of new shops 
for the sale of liquor. 

To close all existing shops having small 

Not to allow the taking away of more 
than half a bottle of country liquor by any 
one individual in any one day. 

To fix the closing hour of liquor shops at 

To close all liquor shops on all Hindu, 
Mohammedan and Christian holidays, on all 
pay days in large industrial centers, and on 
fair and market days in towns and villages. 


The Missionary Visitor 


These are a few of the resolutions. There 
are seventeen others, but space will not al- 
low us to give more. From these it is evi- 
dent what the people want. 

Mr. Gandhi, in a conference for the back- 
ward classes, in which representatives from 
more than a hundred villages were present, 
advised them to stop the bad habit of drink. 
Many of them have acted accordingly, and 
already their condition is improved from the 
dirty, miserable state into which liquor had 
thrust them. Among the resolutions which 
Mr. Gandhi proposed, and the conference 
passed, was one that requested the govern- 
ment of Baroda State, the maharajas 
(kings) of Bandsa and Dharampur, and the 
British government to take steps to close 
all liquor shops in their respective territo- 
ries. There are two Indian princesses who 
have declared their states prohibition, and 
they are making great progress. The W. 
C. T. U. at once got in touch with them and 
congratulated them on their courage, seeing 
that they have gone ahead of the mahara- 
jas who have not yet taken such a step. 

There is a "wet" publication, masquerad- 
ing under the name of the True Temper- 
ance News, in Delhi, which is a glaring ex- 
ample of what such propagandists do. In a 
recent issue it came out so plain that" all 
who read became wise to the fact that it 
was untrue to its name. This one thing it 
asserted: "Objections to prohibition in In- 
dia are various and altogether unanswer- 
able. : In the first place, there is no neces- 
sity for prohibition in India. In the second 
place, prohibition is immoral and unjust. 
Thirdly, prohibition is altogether impos- 
sible." The Indian Witness says of this : 
" Seldom does one find such a mixture of 
logic, stupidity and ignorance. Who shall 
save the liquor interests from their friends?" 
The Indian Social Reformer also gave a 
similar comment. 

The W. C. T. U. in India is very much 
alive. Many of you knew and met Miss 
Mary Campbell when she was in America. 
She is at work as an organizer, and has 
been for five years. As in America, so here 
the W. C. T. U. is a very strong force and 
takes the lead in many ways in all temper- 
ance work. Non-Christians as well as Chris- 
tians help in this cause. A book, " The Won- 

derful House," by a missionary lady doctor 
has been translated into Gujerati and is be- 
ing used in many schools. India has learned 
the secret of American success in winning 
prohibition, which she grasps with pleasure. 

Besides the liquor traffic and narcotics 
which America has to fight, India has also 
the opium habit. It has been found during 
the year that Poona and Bombay have the 
highest death rate among children of all 
the cities of India. This is due mainly to 
the use of opium. 

Bro. Hoffert of our own mission has left 
us for his furlough. His absence has been 
a loss, not only to our own mission but to 
the temperance cause throughout India. He 
is Well known for his successful temperance 
work as well as for the lectures he has giv- 
en and put into Gujarati and English print. 
Thousands of copies of his booklet, " From 
Freedom to Swaraj," have been circulating 
through all India. The very subject is 
catchy, and Christians as well as non-Chris- 
tians have demanded this leaflet. His latest 
leaflet, " Centers of Influence," also has 
been widely read. It is appearing in the 
Gujerati Temperance Quarterly in contin- 
ued form during, the year. 

One of the North India Associations re- 
cently said, "Our work has been going on 
with splendid progress. It can be asserted 
with confidence that the evils of drink have 
been driven away from the community for 
good, and total abstinence with sobriety has 
filled the vacant place. The work has been 
carried on with unabated zeal and persist- 
ence by the lovers of prohibition. People 
have begun to look upon alcoholic drugs as 
baneful, derogatory to their name and 

In India, aside from the Parsees, tobacco 
is used very much by most men. Among 
the lower castes it is used by the women al- 
so. Shall we say it is the low-caste women 
throughout the world who use tobacco? 
The common people, however, do not use 
the manufactured cigars or cigarettes. 
They have the raw material which they have 
filled into a leaf secured from a certain tree. 
It is disgraceful to note that in the cities 
many imported cigars and cigarettes, with 
all their poisonous wrappers, are now 


The Missionary Visitor 


smoked. With such a free use of tobacco it 
is surprising that India has begun to include 
it in her list of " not wanted," and that they 
have a desire to make it a part of the pro- 
hibition drive. 

We as a mission have taken a step for- 
ward, and during the year procured more 
lanterns and slides so that a great deal of 
the time some people are out working for 

the cause with such equipment. The people 
do not forget the pictures they see, and the 
impressions made truly lead them to leave 
off the use of liquor. There are three sa- 
loons in the small town of Anklesvar, be- 
sides the opium and tobacco shops. Truly, 
we have a hard fight ahead of us, but with 
your support and the blessing of the Fa- 
ther we must win. 

The China Mission Family 

Prepared for the June Annual Report, but Crowded From That Issue for Lack of Space 


HE other articles in June number 

I have given you a glimpse into the 
work of the mission. The purpose 
of this one is to tell you " who does what 
at which place." 

The beginner in our work in China spends 
his first year in Peking. In October Le- 
land Brubakers, Misses Neher and Kreps 
took up their abode there and entered North 
China Language School. The close of the 
year found them very busy and enjoying 
the fascinating study of Chinese. 

Ping Ting, the oldest of our mission sta- 
tions, is twenty-four hours, or two days, de- 
pending on train connections, from Peking. 
The Crumpackers, pioneers in the China 
work, are here in the evangelistic work. 
He was principal of the Men's Bible School 
until it closed last June. He was busy in 
city evangelistic work until November, 
when he left for furlough. Bro. Sollenber- 
ger spends much of his time out in the vil- 
lages of the Ping Ting district. At one 
place he baptized forty-two people this 
year. Miss Horning has charge of the 
Women's Bible School and both the coun- 
try and city evangelistic work among wom- 
en. She ought to be triplets, to take care 
of all of her work. Bro. Vaniman is prin- 
cipal of the Primary and Middle School for 
boys. Miss Metzger holds the same posi- 
tion in the Girls' Primary and Middle 
School. She also has the first and second- 
grade school for boys and girls, and the 
kindergarten. Drs. Wampler and Coffman 
are kept busy ministering to all sorts of 
people in the hospital. Their patients come 
from the ranks of both high and low. Part 

of the time one of them goes out in itinerat- 
ing work. But there is plenty to keep both 
of them busy at the hospital most of the 
time. Mrs. Coffman, R. N., has charge of 
the operating room at the hospital. When 
Miss Edna Flory went home in May Miss 
Baker took charge of the training schools 
for nurses. Bro. Bright is mission treas- 
urer, builder and coast agent. We keep 
him busy at helping all of us. Mrs. Bright 
cares for the only fully self-supporting de- 
partment of the mission, the women's in- 
dustrial department. Mrs. Crumpacker 
helped in this work up until almost time 
for her to go home. Mrs. Vaniman, Mrs. 
Bright and Mrs. Sollenberger each have 
miniature American schools in their charge. 
The Ikenberrys and Miss Dunning were 
here part of the year, studying language 
and helping out where they could. 

Liao Chow was the second station opened. 
It used to take three days to go to Liao 
from Ping Ting, but now we have a road 
and a Ford at each of the two stations and 
the trip can be made in five or six hours 
Here Bro. Bowman is in charge of the 
Boys' Middle and Primary School. Miss 
Cline superintended the Girls' School until 
Miss Shock returned last fall. She was 
then transferred to Show Yang. R. C. 
Flory looked after the men's evangelistic 
in the Liao territory. The Oberholtzers 
moved to Liao when they came home from 
furlough. Bro. Oberholtzer is working in 
the evangelistic field. Misses Hutchison 
and Cripe were busy all year with the wom- 
en and children at South Street. The for- 
mer has a large Bible school for women 


The Missionary Visitor 


and also looks after the city evangelistic 
work. The latter has a large kindergarten 
and coed school in her care. Miss Senger 
lives mostly in the villages and on the road, 
but she claims Liao as her abiding place. 
She is most enthusiastic about her village 
work. Dr. and Mrs. Horning are the only 
medical people at Liao now, since Mrs. 
Pollock went home in May. 

Coming back from Liao we go through 
Ping Ting to the railroad and take a train 
for Show Yang about eighty li away. 
The Smiths have been the only people to 
stay by the station for the entire year. He 
had the evangelistic work from the first of 
the year and then, when Bro. Flory depart- 
ed for America, he was left in charge of 
the Boys' School. Bro. Heisey came back 
in September to relieve him of the evan- 
gelistic side. Miss Ullom finished out the 
school year in both the Girls' and Women's 
Bible Schools. Miss Cline came to look 
after the Girls' School in the fall and Miss 
Dunning took charge of the women's work. 
The workers have changed often, but the 
original workers will soon have had their 
furloughs and the personnel will be more 

Again we board the train, and after a 
three-hour ride arrive at Tai Yuan Fu, the 

capital of our province. Our youngest sta- 
tion is here. The Myers family has been 
located at this place for some time and Bro. 
Myers has worked with the Y. M. C. A. In 
September Bro. Ikenberrys and Miss Ul- 
lom were transferred to Tai Yuan. Bro. 
Ikenberry has been appointed to the post 
at the Y., leaving Bro. Myers free to do the 
evangelistic work proper. Miss Ullom is 
starting the work among women and girls. 
Though the work at this place is very 
young, these people are seeing results right 

This would hardly be complete without 
mention of the junior members of the fam- 
ily. Ping Ting claims the largest number, 
eleven. Liao follows closely, with nine fu- 
ture leaders; the Show Yang quintette are 
live wires and the three sons at Tai Yuan- 
ought to grow into successful preachers. 
An even half-dozen of these sunbeams 
joined us during the year. 

Most of the readers of the Visitor are ac- 
quainted with one or more of your repre- 
sentatives on the mission fields. Will you 
help us to minister unto those who are less 
fortunate than ourselves? Think of us 
when you talk to the Heavenly Father and 
it will help the kingdom to grow. 

February, 1925. 

Who and Where on the India Field During 1 924 

Prepared for the June Annual Report, but Crowded From That Issue for Lack of Space 


AS it is easy when there are thousands 
of miles between to forget names and 
places, and as comparatively few 
folks of the homeland know all of us, we 
here again in report form briefly state who 
we are and where we were and what we 
were doing on the India mission field dur- 
ing 1924. 

Two Districts 
Many know that our field is divided into 
two districts, the Marathi District, in which 
the Marathi language is spoken, and the 
Gujarati District, in which the Gujarati lan- 
guage is spoken. Aside from language the 
work otherwise is quite the same in both 

In the Marathi District 

There are four stations in the Marathi 
District, of which Vada is the farthest 
south. Here Brother and Sister John I. 
Kaylor have charge of the local district 
evangelistic work. Sisters Goldie Swartz 
and Anna Brumbaugh also live here, and as 
their work have charge of the boys' and 
girls' boarding-schools, though since in Au- 
gust Sister Brumbaugh has been alone in 
the boarding work, as at that time Sister 
Swartz took very sick with the " flu " and 
was removed to the Bulsar Hospital, where 
she was obliged to remain for medical treat- 
ment until March of this year. From so 
long and severe a sickness that our sister 



The Missionary Visitor 


has now quite recovered we all give special 
thanks and praise to the Lord. 

At Palghar, the newest station in the Mar- 
athi District, is a boys' boarding-school of 
about a hundred boys in charge of Brother 
and Sister Fred M. Hollenberg. Bro. An- 
drew Butterbaugh and family also had their 
home here in the same bungalow and did 
the work of building and evangelistic tour- 
ing in the local district. During the rainy 
season they lived in the city of Poona and 
gave their time largely to language study. 

Coming twenty miles farther north is Da- 
hanu, where Bro. H. L. Alley and family 
have made their home since in India and 
have charge of the village educational and 
evangelistic work; also in whose home 
were living Dr. Barbara M. Nickey and 
Nurse Verna Blickenstaff, who have charge 
of the medical work there. Sister B. Mary 
Royer looks after the girls' boarding. 

Ahwa is the farthest station out, nearly 
two days' journey from Bulsar by train 
and oxcart. Here Bro. Adam Ebey and 
family live alone and had charge of all the 
work until Bro. C. G. Shull and family came 
in 1923 and took over the boys' boarding- 
school, and since then Bro. Ebey had charge 
of the district work until January, 1925, 
when they went to Vada, and Bro. H. P. 
Garner and family took their place at Ahwa. 
In the Gujarati District 

Bulsar is the oldest station in our field. 
Here is located the Quinter Memorial Hos- 
pital, which is the home and place of work 
of Drs. A. R. and Laura M. Cottrell. Nurse 
Mae Wolf served here also while continu- 
ing her language study until the return of 
Nurse Jennie Mohler in December. Bro. E. 
H. Eby served as elder of the Bulsar church 
and director of the district evangelistic 
work. Sister Eby served largely as mother 
in the home and also spent several months 
acting as matron in the school for mission- 
ary children at Kodikanal, in South India. 
Bro. Wagoner and family furnished a hos- 
pitable home for often callers and managed 
the boys' boarding-school and carpenter 
shop. They also did much village evangelis- 
tic work evenings. Sister Elizabeth Kintner 
was in charge of the Widows' Home and 
women's evangelistic work, and also teich- 
er for the two Wagoner girls. Bro. L. A. 

Blickenstaff and family lived here till March, 
when Sister Blickenstaff and the boys went 
to Landour in the Himalaya Mountains for 
a change of climate, heeding the doctor's 
advice, and Bro. Blickenstaff followed in 
June. Of course, wherever Bro. Blicken- 
staff is, whether at Bulsar on the plains or 
at Landour on the mountains, he is efficient- 
ly doing the work of mission accountant. 

Brother and Sister Blough live at Vyara 
and have charge of the boys' boarding- 
school and evangelistic work in the district. 
Bro. I. W. Moomaw and family made their 
home with the Bloughs and also assisted in 
the boarding-school while continuing their 
language study. Sister Anetta Mow had 
charge of the girls' boarding-school and was 
assisted by Sister Sara Replogle until in 
April, when Sister Replogle went to Land- 
our and remained there for six months on 
account of her health. Brother and Sister 
Baxter Mow spent the year here, also in 
language study. In December Nurse Mae 
Wolf came to assist in the girls' boarding 
while continuing her language study. 

Brother and Sister D. L. Forney lived 
alone at Jalalpor and managed the girls' 
boarding-school and district educational and 
evangelistic work until the coming in No- 
vember of Sister Eliza B. Miller, who took 
over the work of the girls' boarding. 

Anklesvar is considered, especially by In- 
dian workers, to be the healthiest station in 
the mission. Perhaps it is. But still people 
get sick and die there. Here is located the 
new industrial school which is in charge of 
Bro. I. S. Long. Bro. A. S. B. Miller and 
family have charge of the district evangelist 
work. Sisters Elsie Shickel and Sadie J. 
Miller superintend the work of the girls' 

Umalla and Vali are considered as one 
station, though there are about two miles 
between the two places. Brother and Sis- 
ter D. J. Lichty live at Vali and have charge 
of the boys' boarding-school and agricul- 
tural work and Bro. Lichty also serves as 
mission builder. Brother and Sister B. F. 
Summer live at Umalla and look after the 
dictrict evangelistic work. Sister Olive 
Widdowson is proving an adequate " moth- 
er " to the babies and little children in the 
Baby Home. Sister Kathryn Ziegler came 


The Missionary Visitor 


to Umalla in November on her return to 
India, superintends the women's work and 
assists in village evangelistic work. 

The newly-appointed missionaries to ar- 
rive during the year were Sister Beulah 
Woods and Brother and Sister Harlan 
Brooks, whose first work, of course, is lan- 
guage study. Their home is at Vyara. 

This report could not be complete without 
mentioning the arrival on the field during 
the year of the seven new missionaries who 
dared to come without approval of the 
Board, minus passport, and without being 

tossed on the rolling deep. In the order of 
succession their names are as follows : Roy 
Delbert Kaylor, David R. Moomaw, Doro- 
thy Mae Summer, Lois Anetta Mow, An- 
drew Gladden Butterbaugh, Stephen Claire 
Blickenstaff, and Raymond Lee Alley, all of 
whom are becoming quite adjusted to the 
Indian climate and are held in high, affec- 
tionate esteem, especially in the homes of 
their respective locations. The Lord bless 
each one to become a real true missionary 
in this or any other land where he may 
choose to lead. 


Prepared for the June Annual Report, but Crowded From That Issue for Lack of Space 


ABOUT ten of the missionaries in Gu- 
jerat were studying language at least 
part of the year. Most of them were 
located at Vyara, so that a full-time teacher 
might be employed for them. Naranji De- 
sai was their teacher. 

In March Bro. Moomaw, Sister M. Blick- 
enstaff and Sister Mae Wolf passed the 
first-year examination. The latter spent the 
hot season in the Union Language School 
at Landour doing second-year work. Some 
twenty-two students were in attendance at 
this school, representing all the different 
missions in Gujerat. Mrs. Mary A. Taylor, 
of the Irish Presbyterian Mission, was the 
chief instructor, assisted by several Indian 
men. The expense was not large, since Mrs. 
Taylor gave her time free. 

The Mows and the Moomaws were at Vy- 
ara throughout the year. The Mows passed 
the first year's examinations in November 
with honors. The Moomaws were doing 
second-year work since March, 1924. Broth- 
er and Sister Blickenstaff have been doing 
second-year work also at Landour. Immedi- 
ately upon landing, the new missionary par- 
ty, Brother and Sister Brooks and Sister 
Woods, went to Vyara, where they have 
been in language study since December. 

There were only three students in Mara- 
thi language study during the year. Sister 
Goldie Swartz was in Poona in the language 
school until March, after which she went 
to Mahabaleswar, where the school is in 

session three months of the year. At the 
beginning of the monsoon she went to Vada 
to have charge of the boys' boarding-school. 
Owing to her continued illness she has been 
unable to do further language study. 

In the latter part of June the Hollenbergs 
returned from the hills and were Jocated at 
.Palghar, that they might relieve the Butter- 
baughs for language work. The Butter- 
baughs spent some three and a half months 
in the school at Poona. Sister Butterbaugh 
was unable to attend classes, but spent two 
hours a day with the pandit until the death 
of her son, Beryl, when she was compelled 
to give up the idea of taking the examina- 
tion. Bro. Butterbaugh took the second- 
year examination in October. 

The language in both areas is in charge 
of a language board. This board appoints 
a new set of examiners every year. The 
examinations, held twice a year, are similar 
for both areas, covering written transla- 
tions of English into the vernacular, and of 
the vernacular into English, composition, 
grammar, dictation, Bible and religious 
tracts, oral conversation and oral reading. 
These usually test the student's knowledge 
of the language very well. 

Did you get a copy of the June Visitor 
which is the Annual Report of our Mission 



The Missionary Visitor 


Interesting Experiences in China 

Missionary Returned from China 

FORMING genuine friendships is a 
most important and difficult thing in 
the life of a missionary. Long before 
making the decision to become a volunteer 
one knows the value of friends among the 
people with whom one works. As a new 
worker in China I was somewhat amazed 
to hear an experienced one say that if there 
were pointed out to him a missionary who 
had found some real friends among the 
natives he had no doubt as to the success 
of that person. The old adage, "To have 
a friend, be one," flashed through my mind, 
and it seemed to me for the moment that 
people who were willing to give their lives 
for the welfare of their adopted country- 
men would without question find real 
friends among them. 

Too often we are forgetful of the facts 
that " the most of the people we call 
friends are only acquaintances," and that 
" the utmost of good-will and practical 
kindness is not sufficient for friendship." 

Think of some of your "best" friends 
outside of the family circle. What were the 
conditions that brought about those abiding 
mutual relationships? How much did you 
have to share in the beginning? Certainly 
you were, in most instances, of the same 
race and nationality, having a common lan- 
guage and religion, as well as customs, to 
say nothing of any number of individual 
interests which for the most part were 
products of the above circumstances. 

It was my privilege to have as coworker 
in country classes one of our Liao Chou 
grammar-grade graduates. Being of a 
studious type she was desirous to enlarge 
her small English vocabulary. She was 
also fond of singing. So fortunately I had 
a copy of the Kingdom Songs in " my per- 
sonal traveling library." Each evening 
after the day's program of teaching and 
visiting was over, she delighted in studying 
English " by note." (This is easier for a 
foreigner than it is to speak it if the tunes 
are familiar, owing to the way the syllables 
are divided.) It was not long before our 

daily devotions were sometimes conducted 
in English. Through her diligent efforts 
she almost memorized the following: 
"Holy, Holy, Holy," "Bringing in the 
Sheaves," " Come, Thou Almighty King," 
"Joy to the World," and "Nearer, My God, 
to Thee." While she worked them out 
in English I learned them better in Chi- 
nese. Not being far along in language 
study I knew well only a few, besides the 
two or three which we were teaching. 
Thus our selections were made from the 
same small list, whether Chinese or Eng- 
lish was used. In either case the number 
sufficed to offer our praise and thanksgiv- 
ing and to receive inspiration and strength. 
But our swopping, native-tongue method 
was very helpful also in narrowing the 
broad chasm made by a feeling of natural 

She was as unused to traveling as I was 
to the inch-a-minute pace and the art of 
keeping the proper poise on the pack-saddle 
made by throwing my bedding across a 
donkey. Thus in this fashion we traveled 
up and down slopes and through narrow 
gorges where we frequently met donkeys 
and mules, . each laden with •" luggage- of 
sufficient size to scrape against our saddles, 
making it most difficult to remain mounted. 

On reaching a new location for work; the 
first few days were spent in making £alls 
and soliciting for pupils. In most instances 
my coworker had no acquaintances aniong 
them. So we returned each evening, to 
our house in the mission court, feeling a 
little more the close tie of friendship. 

Another whom I like to think of as a 
" special " friend is a woman with whom 
I providentially had a great deal of con- 
tact throughout my stay in China. She 
was the seamstress for the families with 
whom I made my home. As yet she is not 
a Christian, but I have never seen industry, 
patience, honesty and kindness practiced 
more heartily by anyone. She knows noth- 
ing of things learned in school, and, like 
all uneducated women in China, has had 


The Missionary Visitor 



no opportunity for travel and observation 
outside the wall which encased her house 
and small yard. These conditions, plus the 
fact that her dialect is somewhat different 
from that which is studied, made subjects 
for conversation comparatively few. But 
just as silence has a place in worship it, 
too, fortunately has a place in the building 
of friendship. So in time a feeling of 
mutual understanding and affection was 
well established between us. 

You may ask why there are not more 
opportunities for such close associations. 
If it were done just for the sake of doing 
it where could one end? Owing to the 
shallow lives they are forced to live the 
women and girls especially have developed 
a spirit of jealousy that is outstanding to 
a marked degree. So, whether dealing 
with the teachers and pupils in the schools, 
the employees in the hospital or the illiter- 
ate women in the homes, one needs to exer- 
cise a great deal of tact. For whenever the 
slightest occasion arises where preference 
is suspected the so-called favored one is 

spoken of as " the foreigners' pet." And 
when this is done the outcome of a growing 
jealousy and envy is serious enough to 
make it almost impossible for that individ- 
ual to succeed in work in the community. 
Our men workers also encounter some of 
this in their activities. Add to this condi- 
tion the missionaries' lack of a thorough 
knowledge of Chinese customs and mastery 
of the language, the native's limited appre- 
ciation of the foreigners' purpose, and the 
task one is up against in a foreign country, 
and you will have some idea as to how 
easy it is for misunderstandings to arise. 
Thus, in this as in many other things, the 
China missionaries are " perplexed, but not 
in despair," for friendships are being fixed 
among them and the natives. And, through 
their efforts and yours, success is being 
made in the business of teaching the Chi- 
nese to know our common Friend. 

" In Christ there is no East or West, 
In him no South or North; 
But one great fellowship of love 
Throughout the whole wide earth." 

Oakland — The Golden Gate Church 


Brother and Sister W. M. Piatt 

FOR several years the Northern District 
of California had been loking forward 
to the establishing of a mission on the 
coast in the bay region. After a careful in- 
vestigation of the bay cities the District 
Mission Board decided in favor of East 
Oakland as the most promising field. Later 
years have proved the wisdom of this 

Eld. J. U. G. Stiverson, of Sterling, 111., 
was called to take up the work in the sum- 
mer of 1916. The mission was organized 
March 28, 1917, with twenty-eight charter 
members, and was called the Golden Gate 

At first services were held in a private 
home on 38th Ave., but Aug. 9, 1917, prop- 
erty was purchased at the present site on 
Fortieth Ave. and San Juan Street, where 
a small frame building was erected to care 
for their present needs. 

This Mission Church became somewhat 
known over the Brotherhood on account of 
so many of our missionaries passing through 
here when sailing through the Golden Gate 
Harbor to and from the China and India 

Bro. Stiverson served the church for five 
years. Beginning with practically nothing, 
he wrought a good work, leaving a mem- 
bership of forty at the time of his resigna- 
tion in July, 1921. 



The Missionary Visitor 


For several weeks the church was with- 
out a pastor, and suffered accordingly. At 
the call of the District Mission Board, Eld. 
W. M. Piatt — the present pastor — and his 
family arrived in Oakland and assumed the 
pastorate Sept. 1, 1921. He found the church 
discouraged and like sheep without a shep- 
herd. Several families of members were 
attending other churches. Through the 
grace of God all these have been won back. 

The following months were largely given 
to foundation laying and seed-sowing. The 
work commenced to grow, slowly at first, 
but steadily. Then the church began to 
take on new life. The little frame building 
became too small adequately to care for 
the growing Sunday-school. 

Seeing the needs and possibilities of Oak- 
land the District authorized the Mission 
Board to proceed to plan and erect a new 
stucco building, 44 by 72, with a large base- 
ment, and modern conveniences. The new- 
church was completed, and on the 29th of 
April, 1923, was dedicated to the Lord. The 
name of the church was changed from 
Golden Gate, to the Oakland Church of the 
Brethren. The last of April the church will 
hold an all-day "Old Friends' Day" serv- 
ice, in honor of the second anniversary. 

Since moving into the new church, two 
years ago, the work has grown in a marvel- 
ous way. The increased attendance at 
every service is most encouraging. The 
membership has more than doubled, and 
the Sunday-school attendance has tripled. 

The harvest is ripening. Eld. S. W. Funk, 
of Covina, closed a very successful revival 
meeting here last month. Nineteen con- 
fessed Christ. Most of them are young 
people and heads of families. 

The Oakland church maintains a contin- 
ued program through the year, which in- 
cludes a School of Missions, a Daily Vaca- 
tion Bible School, pre-Easter evangelistic 
services, and at each Thanksgiving season 
baskets of good things are distributed 
among the most needy ones of this city. 

Since Feb. 1, 1924, Sister Etta Haynes has 
served as parish worker, and thus makes it 
possible to carry this heavy program. 

The present pastor closes his fourth year 
September 1. 

The outlook for the Oakland church i: 
brighter than ever before. 
With William Carey we will 
" Attempt great things for God, and 
Expect great things from God." 
Oakland, Cal. 

The Oakland, California, Church 


Bertha L. Butterbaugh 

About one hundred partook in a good spiritual 
love feast April 11. »• 

During the forepart of April the annual durbar 
took place. This is always an important event for 
the people in the Dangs. The school-children did 
very well with their parts on the program. 

April 5 two were baptized. Since the first of the 
year there have been two deaths and two births. 

The new carpenter shop which the government is 
putting up for the purpose of teaching the school- 
boys carpentry, etc., is nearing completion. 

Ankles var 

During March the farmers were finishing the cot- 
ton picking in their fields and the cotton gins were 
running day and night. 


In April the farmers were busy cleaning their 
fields of the cotton stalks and getting them in or- 
der for the monsoon planting. 

The communion service was held as usual on 
Thursday evening before Easter. A fine spirit pre- 
vailed, and those in attendance were spiritually 
filled. .j* 

From the 19th to the 25th of April a Bible class 
was held in Andada village for the Christians there. 
The instruction, consisting of lessons from the 
first epistle of John, was conducted by their In- 
dian minister, Mithalal Amthabhai. The Bible les- 
sons were given each evening. At the close of the 
week two souls were born into the kingdom by bap- 
tism. Baptism was administered at the village 
tank. That same evening a communion service was 
held at this village for the Christians who live 
there. The entire expense of the feast was taken 
care of by the Christians of the village. 

The last Sunday in April a meeting was held for 
the girls and women of the Anklesvar Christian 


The Missionary Visitor 


community. The subject for the meeting was, " En- 
emies of India." The program committee consisted 
of Indian ladies, and all who took part on the pro- 
gram were Indian women. Such subjects as opium, 
liquor, patent medicines, flies, mosquitoes, germs, 
excessive use of peppers and spices, were discussed. 
An essay on " Adornment " was read by one of the 
girls. <«8 

Vacation in the girls' school commenced April 
30. The boys of the Vocational Training School be- 
gan their vacation April 15. Some of them are 
helping to work on the building that is going on 
for their hostel. J* 


An epidemic of influenza visited Vali and the sur- 
rounding neighborhood in March and April. 

' &. 

There was also quite an epidemic of smallpox 
which necessitated the vaccination of all— Indian 
and missionary— who had not had a successful vac- 
cination. J? 

A simple, pretty little wedding was solemnized 
in the church, the last of March, uniting a former 
Vali boarding boy and a girl from the Anklesvar 
Girls' Boarding. ,£ 

The new school year began the first of March 
with 120 boys on the roll. In the final examination 
90 per cent of the number examined were success- 
tul. £b 


A number have been suffering with flu -and pneu- 
monia in the village and boarding-schools. Several 
deaths were reported. <£ 

The Bloughs have been doing very successful 
work in the villages whenever the hot weather let 
up a bit. ^ 

Foundations are being laid for the new isolation 
ward and another for the cook-house, both on com- 
pound No. 2. <g 

Lately, Parsee and high-class Hindu women have 
called at the bungalows. They are becoming in- 
terested in our mission folks. 


At Tusa, a well-to-do village of high-caste farm- 
ers, we have a mission school which, up to this 
time, has been conducted by a young man of their 
own group, who has not yet been baptized. About 
fifteen boys are in regular attendance, and weekly 
Bible lessons are given by the Christian supervisor, 
who makes weekly circuits of our village schools in 
this station. <£ 

The village furnishes the schoolhouse and the 
boys buy their own books. They recently left their 
first quarters, which were unsuitable, and moved 
to the wide verandas of their idol temple, a two- 
story brick structure devoted to the worship of 
Maroti. They see no inconsistency in having their 
sons sit in their idol temple to learn of Jesus and 
sing hymns to his praise, but the missionaries 
dream of the day when this large temple, the center 
of all their village life, may be dedicated wholly to 
the worship of the Lord Jesus, who shed his blood 
that such as these might live. 

Each Friday afternoon the mem- sahib holds a 

sewing class for the village girls and tells them 
stories about Jesus. There are only nine or ten 
girls in the class, but it affords a splendid oppor- 
tunity to reach the mothers and children of the 
village. We meet in the large center room of a 
united family house, and these women, girls and 
boys, and even men sometimes, gather to hear the 
Jesus story and to listen to the hymns. Some of 
the children join in the singing. A few of the older 
boys who read ask for Gospels and tracts. 

The teacher and three of the most advanced 
pupils are now arranging to go to the Palghar 
Boarding-school for a year or two. There, under 
Bro. Hollenberg's direct supervision, they will learn 
more about Jesus, and we trust they will accept 
him as their Savior. <£ 

The first week of April was " Evangelistic Week " 
at Vada. Missionaries, workers and boarding- 
school children, as well as all the Christians, made 
a special effort to herald the evangel of Jesus among 
the people in Vada and the surrounding district 
One party with magic lantern went westward and 
were well received in the villages where relatives 
and friends of one of the Christian young men live 
The other party went eastward and were warmly 
welcomed, especially in the villages where the Kay 
lors and their workers had spent the winter season 

Kamala is a little Mohammedan boy whose par 
ents are dead. He was brought to our boarding 
school a few months ago. He was suffering from an 
enlarged spleen, a most common ailment in these 
malarious districts, but after some weeks of regu- 
lar treatment, he seems like a different boy, alert, 
full of life and promise. 

Miss Goldie Swartz is at Mahablesvar, recuperat- 
ing her health and trying to do some language 
study. She has been gaining strength and hopes 
to return to her work in the Vada Girls' School by 
the end of May. We praise the Lord for her res- 
toration to health, and rejoice that she may return 
to the work she loves after her long and serious 
illness. But the hours of pain and long days of 
weakness, borne in patient submission to God's 
will, have not been devoid of fruit for the Master. 


(Continued from Page 241) 

stations on mission business. He says that it was 
a very profitable trip. «»8 

For the last few days little Wellington Myers has 
been ill with tonsilitis, but is now' on the road to 
recovery. <£$ 

The work among students of Tai Yuan was great- 
ly benefited by the recent visit of Mr. Barnett of 
the National Committee of the Y. M. C. A., and Mr. 
Shen, a specialist on student problems. Meetings 
for Christian student leaders were held, as well as 
public meetings for all students of the city, and 
the current criticisms of Christianity and the mis- 
sionary, which are being spread all over China by 
the student Anti-Christian movement, were frank- 
ly discussed, to the benefit of all. 


The Missionary Visitor 


The cooling shades of evening had fallen at 
the close of a long, hot, busy day. The 
latch of the gate clicked and there in the 
fading light on the step of the veranda stood 
a young man clothed in his thin, flowing 
pilgrim's garb. 

Seating himself in the low chair we offered, 
he said, " I have come from a tea planta- 
tion in Ceylon and am on my way to Be- 
nares to find God. My mind has been 
greatly troubled, because I have read the 
Christian Scriptures and have heard much 
about many religions, but what is truth, that 
I know not. I had saved about two hundred 
rupees out of my slender salary, and then, 
without telling anyone, not even my parents, 
I set out for Benares, hoping that there, in 
that sacred city, God will reveal to me the 
truth about himself. All my money was 
stolen before I reached Bombay, and now I 
must make this long journey on foot, for I 
must find God." 

"Are you not hungry?" we asked. "I 
have had neither food nor drink all the day. 
I have walked along in prayer and medita- 
tion. How the time has passed or what 
towns I came through I know not. I cannot 
speak Marathi, and no one here speaks Tele- 
gu, and only a few speak English." 

As he was partaking of the food we placed 
before him, we tried to explain that God re- 
veals himself to seeking souls in all places— 
in Ceylon or in Vada as well as in Benares. 
But he would not be persuaded. " In the 
early morning I must be on my way again," 
he replied, " for I have been told that Be- 
nares is a holy place, where God reveals 
himself to those who bathe in the sacred 
waters of the Ganges." 

Since moving from Ahwa to this place, Bro. Lbey 
finds many sick and suffering ones, just as every- 
where else in this poor, disease-ridden land. About 
twenty patients find their way to the little mission 
dispensary daily to get some of the missionary's 
" good medicine." Quite often Hindus of both 
high and low caste, and Mohammedans call him in- 
to their homes to see patients who are too ill to 
come to the dispensary. Thus the work of relieving 
bodily distresses opens homes and hearts to the 
missionary and his message. 

Vada is recognized as our most difficult mission 
station. The hindrances and discouragements have 
been numerous and visible results few. But the 
seed sown during these years — sown often in weak- 
ness and pain, watered often with tears — must sure- 
ly in due time yield a harvest, if in patience and 
prayer and labor we wait for the Lord to give the 
harvest. The Lord must have here in Vada and 
in the surrounding vicinity many souls that he 
would have drawn into his own kingdom. 


Olivia D. Ikenberry 

March 25 Little John Christian came to live in 
our midst, residing in the Oberholtzer home. Per- 
haps you would be interested to know how Henry, 
Catherine and Marie received this good news. They 
had been told at Uncle Bowman's of this little broth- 
er, so when daddy came home he asked if they had 
any news. " No," was the answer. After awhile 
he asked again, and they said: "Well, Bowman's 
have a little calf." A little later daddy asked again, 
and they said " No." Then he told them about the 
little brother. The reply, " Oh, yes, we knew that." 
However, they think he is a fine little man, and 
when coming to see him and mother they said, " We 
know what mother looks like; we want to see the 
baby." & 

The hospital is nearing completion and these days 

find them putting in the water system. This is the 

time of the year for patients and we have been very 

busy the past couple of months. 


Shou Yang 

Our hospital here at Shou Yang is doing a great 
work, and its influence for Christianity has spread 
far and wide. It is under the direct supervision of 
a Chinese doctor, with a foreigner simply as an ad- 
viser. Dr. Hsing is consecrated to Christ and to his 
work in the hospital. He has a corps of workers, 
who' also are